CN107318704A - A kind of ecology bee raising method - Google Patents

A kind of ecology bee raising method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107318704A
CN107318704A CN201710770667.3A CN201710770667A CN107318704A CN 107318704 A CN107318704 A CN 107318704A CN 201710770667 A CN201710770667 A CN 201710770667A CN 107318704 A CN107318704 A CN 107318704A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
beehive
cement mortar
ecology
main
foam
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CN201710770667.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈德云
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Zhuzhou County De Beekeeping Cooperatives
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Zhuzhou County De Beekeeping Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201710770667.3A priority Critical patent/CN107318704A/en
Publication of CN107318704A publication Critical patent/CN107318704A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • A01K47/06Other details of beehives, e.g. ventilating devices, entrances to hives, guards, partitions or bee escapes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B13/00Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material
    • B32B13/04Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B13/00Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material
    • B32B13/04Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B13/045Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of foam
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B13/00Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material
    • B32B13/14Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material next to a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B33/00Layered products characterised by particular properties or particular surface features, e.g. particular surface coatings; Layered products designed for particular purposes not covered by another single class
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2255/00Coating on the layer surface
    • B32B2255/02Coating on the layer surface on fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2255/00Coating on the layer surface
    • B32B2255/10Coating on the layer surface on synthetic resin layer or on natural or synthetic rubber layer
    • B32B2255/102Coating on the layer surface on synthetic resin layer or on natural or synthetic rubber layer synthetic resin or rubber layer being a foamed layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2255/00Coating on the layer surface
    • B32B2255/20Inorganic coating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2255/00Coating on the layer surface
    • B32B2255/28Multiple coating on one surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2266/00Composition of foam
    • B32B2266/02Organic
    • B32B2266/0214Materials belonging to B32B27/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/31Heat sealable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/70Other properties
    • B32B2307/726Permeability to liquids, absorption
    • B32B2307/7265Non-permeable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2410/00Agriculture-related articles

Abstract

A kind of ecology bee raising method, using one kind with cystosepiment main body, and the light foam material beehive of the cement mortar bed of material is coated with the surface of cystosepiment main body is raised bees, the main body of light foam material beehive and case lid is made using plastic foam material, and cement slurry hardened layer is coated on the surface of plastic foam material, form the composite construction beehive that a kind of foamed plastics is coated with cement slurry hardened layer for body surfaces;And carry out bee raising using composite construction beehive.The beehive of the present invention uses foam for main body, body outer surface coating cement slurry, forms the foam slurry beehive body of hardened surface, it is mothproof disease-resistant with cool in summer and warm in winter, it is livable to promote numerous, durable in use, the features such as saving timber resources realizes ecology bee raising.

Description

A kind of ecology bee raising method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultural method of honeybee, and in particular to the bee raising that beehive is handled using ecology Method, is mainly used in batch bee raising.Belong to bee raising technical field.
Background technology:
Honey is because with multiple efficacies, so being always the wholefood that the mankind extremely like for a long time, the traditional Chinese medical science thinks, honeybee Sweet sweet, mild-natured, returns spleen, lung, the heart, stomach, large intestine channel.With nourishing Yin and moistening dryness, qi-restoratives moistening lung, removing toxic substances, the effect of coordinating the drug actions of a prescription.Often For xeropulmonary cough, physically weak, dry constipation of intestines, aphtha, scald, gastral cavity pain, the poison of the rhizome of Chinese monkshood, monkshood can also be solved;It is modern Trophic analysis is also considered as in honey containing fructose, glucose, enzyme, protein, vitamin and several mineral materials.Often eat and can prevent and treat Anaemia, heart disease, enterogastritis etc., and body immunity can be improved;Honey is also widely recognized as natural nutrient food.Test table It is bright, the various inorganic salts similar to human serum concentration, such as iron, calcium, copper, manganese, potassium, phosphorus, also a variety of dimensions are contained in honey Element and organic acid are given birth to, therefore honey is referred to as " king of serum ".
And the honey that the nectar that honey is honeybee to be adopted from the spending of flowering plant is brewed in honeycomb, therefore to obtain Gao Pin The honey of matter, must just there is good bee rearing method.Artificial bee-keeping is supported by the beehive of manual manufacture at present Honeybee.Beehive is the place that honeyflow honeybee multiplies and lives during raising bees, and is most basic apiary's equipment.American Lang Shi hairs in 1857 Understand that comb foundation machine and honey centrifuge of the movable-frame hive beehive with then inventing are collectively known as three big inventions of beekeeping equipment, and exactly these are raised bees The use of instrument, finishes thousands of years of tradition bee-keeping and uses native nest, ruins the mode of production that nest takes honey, established the base of new-type bee-keeping Plinth, makes beekeeping huge leap occur.Movable-frame hive beehive and apis mellifera at the beginning of last century incoming China, present China together The beehive used is a lot, such as ten-frame-hive, until dawn beehive, the square beehive of 12 frames etc., and its specification size is not quite similar, but knot Structure principle is basically identical.There is correct honeybee road, be equipped with the honeybee that rational frame quantity just can be designed that a variety of different types Case.Standard beehive is also referred to as ten-frame-hive, Lang Shi beehives, is a kind of the most commonly used superposing type movable-frame hive beehive of current bee-keeper. Standard beehive is made up of 10 frames, case body, bottom, nest door shelves, secondary lid, case lid and dividing plate.Can be in case body when needing Upper superposition does not have bottom after case after case, can be general with the case body of hive.When bee colony develops into 8~l0 frames, it is necessary to folded upwards Plus after case, honeycomb, honeybee road and the important evidence that frame is design movable-frame hive beehive can be expanded in time.But adopted existing beehive more Made of wood, and beehive is to be put for a long time outdoor, thus it is easily corrupt, and easily raw termite, a beehive is not often with It cannot again use within several years, so present bee-keeping has to consume substantial amounts of timber, cause the loss of timber resources, it is unfavorable In the development of ecological environment;It is not warming and the beehive that plank makes is often due in the presence of some gaps, so causing honeybee to be supported Grow effect bad;It will so need to consume substantial amounts of honey to help honeycomb to improve temperature in nest, cause honey output to decline.For Change these defects, the beehive for cement making recently also occur, but this cement beehive is again excessively heavy and is carried at transport Difficulty, therefore necessary this is further studied.
Do not have discovery to have the patent literature constructed with the present invention by patent retrieval, have certain relation with the present invention Patent mainly have following:
1st, a kind of Patent No. CN201611237487.0, the patent of invention of entitled " cultural method of honeybee ", patent is public A kind of cultural method of honeybee is opened, the cultural method includes:Honeybee kind is selected and queen bee culture:The selection in place, beehive Arrangement, honey collection management, feeding management.Honeybee kind is selected and queen bee culture:The high bee colony of productivity is selected in early spring;To one day The larva in age carries out shifting worm, is pressed from both sides out, then moves into queen bee nit within second day;The selection in place:Select forest land open, physical features ratio It is shallower, the abundant slash of Chinese medicine nectariferous plant;The arrangement of beehive:Bee colony quantity is few, takes single packing list to arrange or double Case is arranged side by side;Bee farm more than bee colony quantity, takes branch to arrange, each interlaced display of row beehive, and group is away from 1 meter, 2~3 meters of line-spacing; Middle bee colony dissipates, and 2~3 groups are 1 group, and packet is anti-to put;Mating group or newly point group is dissipated at bee farm edge, makes nest door towards different Direction, and suitably with landform, atural object, it is easy to honeybee to recognize the beehive of oneself;The nest Men Chaonan of beehive, or the southeast, west South is to making honeybee do sth. in advance to turn out for work;Padded 20~30 centimetres of beehive fragment of brick, stone, yoke, and prevent enemy from slipping into danger in case Evil bee colony;Beehive or so is laid flat, and the rainy day is further added by 2~3 centimetres of height;In beehive, in vertical parallel mode and 8 are drained into ~10 frames, frame uses length-width ratio for 1~2:Being covered with 1 rectangle plank, plank has what is be made up of beeswax and paraffin The honeycomb of hexagonal cylindrical body;Honey collection is managed:Beehive is placed in progress gathering honey operation in the Chinese medicine woods, the full honeybee of frame storage After honey, drive honeybee and cut spleen, frame is separated with honeycomb;Before Chinese medicine changes the florescence, before the extensive gathering honey of honeybee, in fine day pair Medicinal material flower, foliar spray irrigate the artificial syrup adjusted for neutralizing the property of medicine;Before and after Chinese medicine changes the florescence, in swarm breeding phase and honeybee Production period carries out reward raising to honeybee artificial feed supplementary feeding syrup;Next day during early spring 1 time, 1 time a day, the time is from stream later Before the sweet phase from 45 days, untill the external world has a large amount of sweet powder to adopt;60~120 grams of supplementary feeding syrup are rewarded every time per frame honeybee;Raise Management:Spring manages, and is appropriate insulation, and stimulating feeding educates king and changes king, artificial swarmming and prevent and cure diseases;Honey flow period management, be and When take honey, eliminate swarming fever, supplement collection honeybee, maintain strong collection of mining massively, stop feed, adjustment group gesture, reducing temperature of heatstroke prevention keep pacifying It is quiet, prevent from migrating, diseases prevention enemy;Autumn manages, and is to cultivate new king, changes old bad king, adjustment group's gesture, and stimulating feeding accelerates the autumn Numerous speed, prevention natural swarm and robber honeybee, anti-bee colony migrate;Winter management, is tissue gathering honey group, captures winter honey good harvest, adjustment Group's gesture, stops feed, stimulating feeding, strengthens insulation;Diseases prevention management includes:Empty beehive is soaked with limewash and gets sun to carry out Sterilization;Acariasis prevention is carried out using mite killing medicament, when not covered in nest, sprayed 2~3 times before the winter is entered, bee colony is numerous at the beginning of the spring Sprayed again 2~3 times before growing;Wax bits residue, honeycomb inferior is cut off early and burnt in timely removing case.
2nd, number of patent application is CN201410679307.9, and a kind of entitled " bee raising breeding method " invention is special Profit, which disclose a kind of bee raising breeding method, comprises the following steps:Use the sweet cutting edge of a knife or a sword of external China for honeybee seedling, put Rock seam is raised on mountain, and every month will be to carrying out one to cleaning twice around beehive;In the Autumnal Equinox and Spring Equinox swarmming;By artificial Queen breeding, by artificial different worm to bee colony step, allows worker bee to cultivate, feed into queen bee;The beehive of cultivation is in centre with one layer Dividing plate is separated;It is annual to change one to queen bee twice according to the spawning quantity of queen bee.
3rd, Patent No. CN201610792916.4, a kind of entitled " high yield raising side of karst apis cerana The patent of invention of method and breeding apparatus ", which disclose high yield method for breeding and the feeding of a kind of karst apis cerana Device is supported, this method includes daily management, honeybee forage nursing, pollen forage feed, prevention from suffering from the diseases, and high yield breeding apparatus includes Removable box cover, hive, bottom door, locker, nest door shelves, bottom plate, triangle plank, pass through the combined use of method and apparatus, wound The environment cultivated suitable for karst apis cerana has been made, material necessary to honeybee growth has not only been ensure that, it is ensured that bee colony Health, quickly breeding;The resistance of honeybee can also be strengthened, it is to avoid the injury using chemical agent to bee colony, so as to solve mesh The problem of bee colony easily ill that preceding karst apis cerana faces in raising, honey low yield.
4th, Patent No. CN201611237487.0, the patent of invention of entitled " a kind of cultural method of honeybee ", this is special Profit discloses a kind of cultural method of honeybee, and the cultural method includes:Honeybee kind is selected and queen bee culture:The selection in place, honeybee Arrangement, honey collection management, the feeding management of case.By rational cultural method, the spawning effect of queen bee, same time delay are improved The honeybee producting honey cycle has been grown, honey types and quality is enriched, the economic benefit of bee-keeping is improved.Pass through what is enriched in Chinese medicine nectar source Woodland carries out gathering honey, and the florescence is changed in gathering honey, and feeding florescence near nectar is carried out to honeybee, warm nature syrup is modulated in addition, in neutralization The property of medicine of herbal medicine, extends the honeybee producting honey cycle, enriches honey types and quality, improves the economic benefit of bee-keeping;Can effectively it increase Plus go out sweet rate during bee raising, reduce the bee colony death rate, good market prospect;The feed nutrition proposed is comprehensively equal Weighing apparatus, functional additive can improve honeybee resistance against diseases and build up health, and promote the growth and breeding of the quick health of honeybee.
Although these above-mentioned patents have been directed to the cultural method of honeybee, and propose some corrective measures of bee-keeping, But some local improvement have been done in the culture and environment from the point of view of proposed improved technology scheme all simply to specific honeybee, are not had Propose to advise from the improvement of the wooden structures of apiculture honeycombs, so present in the method for foregoing wooden beehive bee-keeping The problem of still exist, therefore need further to be studied.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to exist to need to consume a large amount of timber for existing bee raising method, timber money damage is caused Lose, the deficiency of influence ecological environment, propose a kind of new bee raising method, this kind of bee raising method need not consume wood Material, good airproof performance long with service life, and casing is light, it is easy to the characteristics of carrying.
In order to reach this purpose, the invention provides a kind of ecology bee raising method, using one kind with cystosepiment Main body, and be coated with the surface of cystosepiment main body the light foam material beehive of the cement mortar bed of material and raised bees, light foam The main body of material beehive and case lid is made using plastic foam material, and hard in the surface coating cement slurry of plastic foam material Change layer, form the composite construction beehive that a kind of foamed plastics is coated with cement slurry hardened layer for body surfaces;And utilize compound Structure beehive carries out bee raising.
Further, described is in composite construction beehive body, extremely using composite construction beehive progress bee raising The cystosepiment body upper surface of rare two corresponding sides sets " L " shape groove, and the surface of " L " shape groove is embedded with abrasion-resistant metal Bar, by abrasion-resistant metal bar one step to lay frame of formation, frame shape is placed in parallel on the step for laying frame Into honeycomb.
Further, secondary lid is provided between casing and case lid in order to divulge information, and is covered in pair and be provided with cross-arm, will Case lid is spaced apart with casing main body, is formed certain space, is so advantageously formed the circulation of air.
Further, the surface coating cement slurry hardened layer in plastic foam material is included in beehive body Outer surface is coated with the cement mortar bed of material in the surfaces externally and internally of beehive body.
Further, the described cement mortar bed of material is the compound outer cement mortar bed of material of sandwich construction, including interior cement slurry Layer, chemical fibre layer of cloth and the outer cement mortar bed of material, and chemical fibre layer of cloth forms one positioned between the interior cement mortar bed of material and the outer cement mortar bed of material Plant the compound outer cement mortar bed of material of sandwich construction.
Further, the cystosepiment main body of described casing is the physical dimension according to beehive body, by polylith cystosepiment The splicing structure casing of split composition, including beehive side plate and bottom plate, lead between side plate and side plate, and between side plate and bottom plate Bonding is crossed to get up to form overall casing.
Further, the cystosepiment main body of described casing is directly to use foaming material according to the physical dimension of beehive body Material, is made using mould molding, forms the casing of integration.
Further, described cystosepiment main body is made using plastic foam material, the density of plastic foam material For 15 kg/ms3More than.
Further, the thickness of described cystosepiment main body is 1.5-2.5cm.
The advantage of the invention is that:
The beehive of the present invention uses foamed plastics for main body, body outer surface coating cement slurry, forms the foam of hardened surface Cement mortar beehive body, realizes ecology bee raising, with following some features:
1st, it is cool in summer and warm in winter:Because of beehive casing foam plate thickness 1.5-2.5cm, with good heat insulation effect, warming summer in winter It cools because bee colony has autogenous control ability, therefore has effect cool in summer and warm in winter.
2nd, it is mothproof disease-resistant:Because the beehive is seamless, do not ftracture, therefore in place of honeybee insect is without the spawning stayed in, because of lustrous surface Nonhygroscopic, relatively wooden beehive is far better in terms of antiviral, Anti-bacterium.
3rd, it is livable to promote numerous:Because there is the excellent length of 2 points of the above, so being preferable, pleased, the rare imitative wild grotto of bee colony Living space, therefore swarm breeding is fast, it is healthy and strong, in a planned way cultivating forager of proper age, stable and high yields, having irreplaceable work With.
4th, it is durable in use:The beehive is due to unique structure, and main body uses foamed material, and surface is coated with cement slurry, because This casing is nonhygroscopic, in freezing winter and in sultry summer without influence, from the point of view of trying out for many years through inventor is put into practice, new case, second hand cases indistinction.
5th, timber resources is saved:The beehive body can save the timber for making beehive without timber;It is global annual because doing Beehive and disafforestation amount is surprising greatly, wooden beehive in addition, because of moistureproof, anti-parasitosis the need for, it is necessary to carried out on the surface of timber Various dispenser and brushing machine oil, diesel oil and measure also have impact on the clarity of bee product.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the general structure schematic diagram of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the beehive body cross-sectional view of one embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the foam slurry composite board cross-sectional view of one embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the foamed cement pulp layer amplification profile structure sheaf of one embodiment;
Fig. 5 is another example structure schematic diagram.
Embodiment
The present invention is expanded on further with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment one
Accompanying drawing 1 gives the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention, as can be seen that the present invention relates to one kind from accompanying drawing 1 Ecology bee raising method, using one kind with cystosepiment main body, and is coated with the cement mortar bed of material on the surface of cystosepiment main body Light foam material beehive raised bees, the main body of light foam material beehive and case lid is made using plastic foam material, And cement slurry hardened layer is coated on the surface of plastic foam material, form a kind of foamed plastics and be coated with cement for body surfaces The composite construction beehive of slurry hardened layer;And carry out bee raising using composite construction beehive.
It is described using composite construction beehive carry out bee raising be in composite construction beehive body, it is at least corresponding Two sides cystosepiment body upper surface set " L " shape groove, the surface of " L " shape groove is embedded with abrasion-resistant metal bar, passes through gold Belong to wear rib one step to lay frame of formation, frame formation honeycomb is placed in parallel on the step for laying frame.
Described composite construction beehive includes casing 1 and case lid 2, and case lid 2 is covered on casing 1, and case lid 2 is active box Lid, and combine to form beehive with casing 1;Its feature is, described casing 1 is with cystosepiment main body 3, and in cystosepiment main body 3 surface is coated with the cement mortar bed of material 4, forms one kind based on cystosepiment, surface is coated with the composite junction of the cement mortar bed of material Structure beehive.
The described surface in cystosepiment main body 3 be coated with the cement mortar bed of material 4 be included in beehive body outer surface or The surfaces externally and internally of beehive body is coated with the cement mortar bed of material.
The described cement mortar bed of material 4 is the compound outer cement mortar bed of material of sandwich construction, including the interior cement mortar bed of material 5, chemical fibre Layer of cloth 6 and the outer cement mortar bed of material 7, and chemical fibre layer of cloth 6 forms one kind positioned between the interior cement mortar bed of material 5 and the outer cement mortar bed of material 7 The compound outer cement mortar bed of material of sandwich construction.Wherein, the described interior cement mortar bed of material 5 is high concentration water's mud bed of material;Described The outer cement mortar bed of material 7 meets structure together, including a floor height concentration cement mortar bed of material 8 and one layer for two layers of cement mortar bed of material Cement slurry layer 9 is diluted, dilution cement slurry layer 9 is covered on high concentration water's mud bed of material 8.
The described cement mortar bed of material is made up of cement with bonding agent mixing preparation;Wherein, high concentration water's mud bed of material is water The proportioning of mud and bonding agent is ratio of weight and number 100:6-30 ;Dilution cement slurry layer is attached most importance to for the proportioning of cement and bonding agent Measure portion rate 100:35-40.
Described bonding agent is nontoxic chemical industry bonding agent, including all kinds of non-toxic organic bonding agents, such as epoxylite type Innoxious solvent.
The cystosepiment main body of described casing is the physical dimension according to beehive body, is made up of polylith cystosepiment split Splicing structure casing, including beehive side plate 10 and bottom plate 11;Wherein, lead between side plate and side plate, and between side plate and bottom plate Bonding is crossed to get up to form overall casing.The access door 15 of honeyflow honeybee discrepancy is also provided with beehive side plate 10.Access door 15 1 As be two.
The cystosepiment body upper surface of described casing at least corresponding two sides is provided with " L " shape groove 17, at " L " The surface of shape groove 17 is equipped with abrasion-resistant metal bar 12, passes through abrasion-resistant metal bar one " L " shape metallic channel to lay frame of formation. Abrasion-resistant metal bar 12 is " L " section bar, or is the section bar making of " Z " font, and abrasion-resistant metal bar 12 is bonded in bubble by bonding agent Foam plate body upper surface is provided with " L " shape rooved face.
Described cystosepiment main body is made using plastic foam material, the density of plastic foam material for 15 kilograms/ Rice3More than.
The thickness of described cystosepiment main body is 1.8-2.0cm.
The case lid 2 is " ∏ " type cover lid, case lid 2 between casing provided with secondary lid 13, secondary lid 13 and case lid 2 between also Provided with cross-arm 14.The air vent 16 for ventilation is also provided with the side of case lid 2.Case lid 2 is also to use main body for foam, foam Surface coating cement slurry, it is combined case lid.
The body making method of the beehive is:The cultivation beehive body that cement paint is coated in a kind of foam body makes Method, first selectes foam profile material, control thickness is in 1.8-2.0cm, and the density of foamed material is 15 kg/ms3More than;Exist again Cement slurry is coated on cystosepiment surfaces externally and internally, foam slurry composite board is formed after band cement slurry solidification;Again by foam Cement mortar composite board cuts into block piece according to the size needed for beehive, is spliced with the cement mortar of the same race being coated on foam and bonded Get up, form beehive body.
The coating cement slurry of described beehive body is that a floor height concentration cement slurry is coated in first cystosepiment one side, High concentration water's mud bed of material is formed, and one layer of chemical fabric is sticked on cement slurry rapidly, chemical fabric is brushed flat with hairbrush, makes cement Slurry is bonded together with chemical fabric, to be solidified to not touching with one's hand(Under the conditions of 20-30 DEG C of temperature, hardening time is 8-10 hours) When, a floor height concentration cement slurry is coated with, is not touched with one's hand being cured to again(Under the conditions of 20-30 DEG C of temperature, hardening time is 8-10 hours)When, one layer of dilution cement slurry is coated with, the complete cement mortar bed of material, overall cement slurry are formed after solidification Layer gross thickness is between 1-3mm.After the completion of the one side coating cement mortar bed of material, after the curing be complete(2-3 days), cystosepiment is turned over Side, another side is coated according still further to identical technique, until the cement mortar bed of material on two sides forms one kind with foam after being all fully cured Plate is main body, and surface is coated with the composite board of the cement mortar bed of material.After composite board is carried out, according still further to the physical dimension of beehive It is required that cutting cutting is carried out, side plate, the bottom plate of beehive size needed for being cut into respectively, then side plate and bottom plate are glued with cement slurry Pick up and, form the main body of beehive.
When making the side plate of beehive, the upper table with " L " shape groove is at least made into two corresponding side plate upper surfaces Face, and on the upper surface of " L " shape groove, a bonding jumper is bonded with cement slurry, the shape of bonding jumper matches with " L " shape groove, Also it is " L " shape, or is " Z " font, whole side plate upper surface is wrapped up.Then outputed in the main body of casing for honeybee After the access door of turnover, the cultivation beehive body making that cement paint is coated in foam body is finished.
Embodiment two
The structure of embodiment two and embodiment one is essentially the same, and simply the agent structure of beehive is different, described a kind of ecological Change bee raising method, using one kind with cystosepiment main body, and the light of the cement mortar bed of material is coated with the surface of cystosepiment main body Matter foamed material beehive is raised bees, and the main body of light foam material beehive and case lid is made using plastic foam material, and The surface coating cement slurry hardened layer of plastic foam material, forms a kind of foamed plastics and is coated with cement slurry for body surfaces The composite construction beehive of hardened layer;And carry out bee raising using composite construction beehive.
It is described using composite construction beehive carry out bee raising be in composite construction beehive body, it is at least corresponding Two sides cystosepiment body upper surface set " L " shape groove, the surface of " L " shape groove is embedded with abrasion-resistant metal bar, passes through gold Belong to wear rib one step to lay frame of formation, frame formation honeycomb is placed in parallel on the step for laying frame.
Described composite construction beehive includes casing and case lid, and case lid is covered on casing, and case lid is removable box cover, and with Box body combinations formation beehive;Its feature is, described casing 201 is with cystosepiment main body, and on the surface of cystosepiment main body The cement mortar bed of material is coated with, one kind is formed based on cystosepiment, surface is coated with the composite construction beehive of the cement mortar bed of material.
Simply the cystosepiment main body of described casing is directly to use expanded material according to the physical dimension of beehive body, is used Foam injection molding, or compression molding, or extruding forming method are directly made, and form the cystosepiment main body of an entirety.
The described surface in cystosepiment main body is coated with the cement mortar bed of material and is included in the outer surface of beehive body or in honeybee The surfaces externally and internally of box main body is coated with the cement mortar bed of material.And the inside and outside cement mortar bed of material is identical, or outer surface water Material-mud thickness is in the cement mortar bed of material of inner surface;Wherein, the cement mortar thickness of feed layer of outer surface is controlled in 1.5-3mm;Interior table The cement mortar thickness of feed layer in face is controlled in 1.0-2mm;And the cement mortar bed of material of inner surface can not lay chemical fabric.
The described cement mortar bed of material is the compound outer cement mortar bed of material of sandwich construction, including the interior cement mortar bed of material, chemical fabric Layer and the outer cement mortar bed of material, and chemical fibre layer of cloth forms a kind of multilayer knot positioned between the interior cement mortar bed of material and the outer cement mortar bed of material The compound outer cement mortar bed of material of structure.
The cystosepiment body upper surface of described casing at least corresponding two sides is embedded with abrasion-resistant metal bar, leads to Cross abrasion-resistant metal bar one metal " L " shape groove 202 to lay frame of formation.
Described cystosepiment main body is made using plastic foam material, the density of plastic foam material for 15 kilograms/ Rice3More than.
The thickness of described cystosepiment main body is 1.5-2.5cm.
The cultivation beehive preparation method of cement paint is coated in a kind of foam body, first using foamed material directly according to honeybee The physical dimension of case, casing foam body is directly made using foam injection molding, or compression molding, or extruding forming method, Cement slurry is coated on casing foam body outer surface or surfaces externally and internally again, foam slurry is formed after band cement slurry solidification Composite board;Foam slurry composite board is cut into block piece according to the size needed for beehive again, with being coated on foam Cement mortar splicing of the same race is glued together, and forms beehive body.
Described beehive body is first directly to produce overall casing main body blank using foamed material, then in casing master One layer of cement slurry formed by binding agent and cement mixing, and the rapid patch on cement slurry are coated on the outer surface of chaeta base Last layer chemical fabric, is brushed flat with hairbrush, and band, which is cured to when not touching with one's hand, is coated with one layer of cement mortar, and a water is coated with after band solidification Mud, forms foam slurry composite board after solidification.Directly coating 2-3 is all over cement mortar on the inner surface of casing main body blank Material, you can, wherein last is all over using dilution cement slurry coating, to improve the smoothness of interior.
Above-mentioned listed embodiment, simply carries out clear, complete description with reference to accompanying drawing to technical scheme;It is aobvious So, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the reality in the present invention Example is applied, all other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made all belongs to In the scope of protection of the invention.
The advantage of the invention is that:
The beehive of the present invention uses foam for main body, body outer surface coating cement slurry, forms the foamed cement of hardened surface Beehive body is starched, ecology bee raising is realized, with following some features:
1st, it is cool in summer and warm in winter:Because of beehive casing foam plate thickness 1.5-2.5cm, with good heat insulation effect, warming summer in winter It cools because bee colony has autogenous control ability, therefore has effect cool in summer and warm in winter.
2nd, it is mothproof disease-resistant:Because the beehive is seamless, do not ftracture, therefore in place of honeybee insect is without the spawning stayed in, because of lustrous surface Nonhygroscopic, relatively wooden beehive is far better in terms of antiviral, Anti-bacterium.
3rd, it is livable to promote numerous:Because there is the excellent length of 2 points of the above, so being preferable, pleased, the rare imitative wild grotto of bee colony Living space, therefore swarm breeding is fast, it is healthy and strong, in a planned way cultivating forager of proper age, stable and high yields, having irreplaceable work With.
4th, it is durable in use:The beehive is due to unique structure, and main body uses foamed material, and surface is coated with cement slurry, because This casing is nonhygroscopic, in freezing winter and in sultry summer without influence, from the point of view of trying out for many years through inventor is put into practice, new case, second hand cases indistinction.
5th, timber resources is saved:The beehive body can save the timber for making beehive without timber;It is global annual because doing Beehive and disafforestation amount is surprising greatly, wooden beehive in addition, because of moistureproof, anti-parasitosis the need for, it is necessary to carried out on the surface of timber Various dispenser and brushing machine oil, diesel oil and measure also have impact on the clarity of bee product.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of ecology bee raising method, it is characterised in that:Using one kind with cystosepiment main body, and in cystosepiment main body The light foam material beehive that surface is coated with the cement mortar bed of material is raised bees, and the main body of light foam material beehive and case lid is adopted Made of plastic foam material, and cement slurry hardened layer is coated on the surface of plastic foam material, form a kind of foamed plastics The composite construction beehive of cement slurry hardened layer is coated with for body surfaces;And carry out bee raising using composite construction beehive.
2. ecology bee raising method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described utilization composite construction beehive enters Row bee raising is that in composite construction beehive body, the cystosepiment body upper surface of two at least corresponding sides is set " L " shape groove, the surface of " L " shape groove is embedded with abrasion-resistant metal bar, passes through abrasion-resistant metal bar one platform to lay frame of formation Rank, is placed in parallel frame formation honeycomb on the step for laying frame.
3. ecology bee raising method as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:In order to divulge information casing and case lid it Between be provided with secondary lid, and covered in pair and be provided with cross-arm, by being spaced apart for case lid and casing main body, form certain space, so Advantageously form the circulation of air.
4. ecology bee raising method as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The described table in plastic foam material Face coating cement slurry hardened layer is included in the outer surface of beehive body or is coated with cement mortar in the surfaces externally and internally of beehive body The bed of material.
5. ecology bee raising method as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The described cement mortar bed of material is multilayer knot The compound outer cement mortar bed of material of structure, including the interior cement mortar bed of material, chemical fibre layer of cloth and the outer cement mortar bed of material, and chemical fibre layer of cloth is positioned at interior Between the cement mortar bed of material and the outer cement mortar bed of material, a kind of compound outer cement mortar bed of material of sandwich construction is formed.
6. ecology bee raising method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cystosepiment main body of described casing is According to the physical dimension of beehive body, the splicing structure casing being made up of polylith cystosepiment split, including beehive side plate and bottom plate, Between side plate and side plate, and by bonding to get up to form overall casing between side plate and bottom plate.
7. ecology bee raising method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cystosepiment main body of described casing is Expanded material is directly used according to the physical dimension of beehive body, made using mould molding, the casing of integration is formed.
8. ecology bee raising method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described cystosepiment main body is using bubble What foam plastic material made, the density of plastic foam material is 15 kg/ms3More than.
9. ecology bee raising method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The thickness of described cystosepiment main body is 1.5-2.5cm。
CN201710770667.3A 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of ecology bee raising method Pending CN107318704A (en)

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4402099A (en) * 1981-05-04 1983-09-06 Chevron Research Beehive for improved beekeeping in tropical countries
CN2091071U (en) * 1991-04-20 1991-12-25 宁守容 Combined beehive
CN201393465Y (en) * 2009-05-04 2010-02-03 王天元 Thermal-insulation hive
US20120052768A1 (en) * 2010-08-25 2012-03-01 Greenthal Steven M Sanitary beehive honeycomb suspending frame
CN103238536A (en) * 2013-05-08 2013-08-14 梁永贵 Heat-preservation and heat-insulation hive and application method thereof
CN204132168U (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-02-04 曲春国 A kind of environmental protection beehive
CN204560608U (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-08-19 南昌同心紫巢生物工程有限公司 A kind of bee-raising hive
CN204811480U (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-02 陈宜斗 Foam board china bee rearing beehive
CN106379008A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-08 东莞市康瑞建材科技有限公司 Lightweight insulation waterproof board and production technology
CN206390012U (en) * 2017-01-07 2017-08-11 罗平县腊峰蜂业科技有限公司 It is a kind of effectively to take precautions against the bee raising device of honeybee natural enemy

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4402099A (en) * 1981-05-04 1983-09-06 Chevron Research Beehive for improved beekeeping in tropical countries
CN2091071U (en) * 1991-04-20 1991-12-25 宁守容 Combined beehive
CN201393465Y (en) * 2009-05-04 2010-02-03 王天元 Thermal-insulation hive
US20120052768A1 (en) * 2010-08-25 2012-03-01 Greenthal Steven M Sanitary beehive honeycomb suspending frame
CN103238536A (en) * 2013-05-08 2013-08-14 梁永贵 Heat-preservation and heat-insulation hive and application method thereof
CN204132168U (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-02-04 曲春国 A kind of environmental protection beehive
CN204560608U (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-08-19 南昌同心紫巢生物工程有限公司 A kind of bee-raising hive
CN204811480U (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-02 陈宜斗 Foam board china bee rearing beehive
CN106379008A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-08 东莞市康瑞建材科技有限公司 Lightweight insulation waterproof board and production technology
CN206390012U (en) * 2017-01-07 2017-08-11 罗平县腊峰蜂业科技有限公司 It is a kind of effectively to take precautions against the bee raising device of honeybee natural enemy

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