Honeybee half spleen bee-nest box
One, technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of novel beekeeping equipment in the apiculture, and honeybee half spleen bee-nest box in producing specifically is suitable for raising bees.
Two, background technology:
At present, the beekeeping equipment that domestic bee-keeping industry is produced the honey use is traditional frame honeycomb, and honeybee stores up the sweet bee bread that also contains simultaneously on honeycomb, on honeycomb, raise up seed simultaneously, and can only be to adopt the way of honey extractor separation spleen honey to produce separation honey so get honey.Wherein there are a considerable amount of separation honey to be non-ripe honey, the water content height adds that having impurity in the separation process produces, so be necessary to filter and concentration technology, but in elimination impurity, also elimination outstanding material---the pollen grain etc. in a part of honey.Heating to concentrate greatly reduces the original fragrance ingredient of honey.Because the honey after concentrating is not the ripe honey that really descends on the meaning, so the amylase value in the honey is low, the shelf life of honey is short.Because can produce some harmful substances again in the technical process, old friends more are concerned about its edible safety.Honey is as a kind of health food, and domestic exploitation dynamics and degree of depth relative deficiency still is in popular style at present, do not develop to the tailored version direction.Recently, what apiculture production honey was more new-type is to be bumped into the beekeeping equipment that septum is produced ceromel with the ceromel lattice, this beekeeping equipment mainly is to make framework with the plank of 10 millimeters thick, 30 mm wides, and at half the middle position edge lastblock beeswax septum identical of frame width with frame area, with dewaxing septum is cemented again, be used for producing ceromel, be called the ceromel lattice.But this beekeeping equipment has many shortcomings: (one) is bumped into technology and not only bothers but also time-consuming; (2) in the production process, the beeswax septum is easily gnawed through the back by worker bee and damages, and is difficult to output success ceromel; (3) the hard rib of septum is arranged in the ceromel, the content of wax is also many when edible, and it is edible to be not suitable for children and old man; (4) easily stave ceromel honey lid in packing and the transportation, cause honey to run off.Therefore, unsatisfactory in the actual production honey.
Three, summary of the invention:
The technical scheme of the utility model technical issues that need to address and proposition is to overcome the defective that prior art exists, and provides a kind of not only production technology simpler, small investment, and can improve the honeybee half spleen bee-nest box of honey quality greatly.
The technical scheme of the utility model honeybee half spleen honey box is: it is mainly by lair basis 1: plastic box body 2: pure beeswax 3: honeybee travel permit 4: hook 5 at the bottom of the box: lid 6 formations such as grade.Its technical characterictic is honeybee comb cell basis (1) casting at the box inside story of plastic box body (2) face, and the surface, lair basis (1) of box inside story face scribbles pure beeswax (3); The box mouth of plastic box body (2) studs with honeybee travel permit (4), and (as Fig. 1) during production, can directly add bee colony and use, and hook (5) hung on the beehive wall at the bottom of the outside was provided with box at the bottom of also available plastic box body (2) box, produced ceromel with the wall-hanging method; Also available "-" shape honeybee travel permit (as Fig. 2) is set in the box mouth of plastic box body (2) and produces ceromel; A plurality of plastic box bodies can be tied simultaneously and put into shallow box and produce ceromel.After taking off honeybee travel permit (4) from the plastic box body (2) of filling ceromel, lid (6) can be able to be covered above the plastic box body (2), successful ceromel is packed.Making the material of honeybee half spleen bee-nest box makes with polystyrene or other non-toxic plastic, conform to the food hygiene requirement, plastic box body (2) is observed the situation that honeybee is made spleen and storage honey for transparent being convenient to of white, casting is on the honeybee comb cell basis (1) of plastic box body 2 box inside story faces, be called septum, honeycomb plinth and western honeycomb plinth during septum divides, though both room eyes are not of uniform size, shape is identical.Have at the bottom of the lair and the foundation of lair wall, the foundations height is 1.2 millimeters.Casting is at the Plastic nest base 1 intensity height of box inside story face, can do not broken by the teeth by worker bee, its surface is more easily accepted by worker bee after coating the pure beeswax (3) that dissolves, after the box mouth of plastic box body (2) is loaded onto honeybee travel permit (4), creep and favourable surfacing of producing ceromel when having made things convenient for honeybee work.For plastic box body (2) is fixed in the beehive, hook 5 at the bottom of its bottom is shaped on four boxes of 5 millimeters high, (as Fig. 3) places place, nearly angle, bottom surface at the bottom of the box of plastic box body 2 respectively, and this method can solve the bee colony of flowing and produce ceromel and often be stranded the vibrations of jolting and be difficult to the fixedly tired territory of box.Increase (6) four jiaos of height of lid, except that for still help the aesthetic feeling this bee-nest box when folded mutually steadily.Wait to store up the complete capping of lair of honey, be successfully ceromel.After the beehive taking-up, except that the need deinsectization, drying, only need cover lid (6) and labelling, do not need other any processing, reduced pollution, also do not need other packing, save time and expense.Because of there not being septum to be bumped into, there is not hard rib when edible, the content of wax is also few, has made things convenient for children and old man edible.15 millimeters-33 millimeters of the box inner heights of the utility model half spleen bee-nest box, other appearance and size is changeable, its shape can be circle or ellipse or chicken-core-shape etc., mainly be and the lair basis 1 of die casting at box inside story face, be coated in the pure beeswax 3 of lair surface of base, be set in the honeybee bar 4 of box mouth and the shape of lid 6 and match.And can design the size of bee-nest box according to the power of bee colony, throw in the quantity of bee colony and design the shape of bee-nest box according to consumer's needs.Therefore, also can separate the problem that to produce ceromel in more weak bee colony, increase beekeeper's income to make full use of limited nectar source.The ceromel of this bee-nest box production is 100% ripe honey, and it is keeping the original looks and the characteristic of honey, has strong nectar fragrance, do not pollute, and without any additive, be a kind of high-grade honey product of natural pure exquisiteness.The concentration of honey is higher, has stronger antibiotic property, and is not perishable, meets the food hygiene requirement, direct-edible.
Four, description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the honeybee half spleen honey box of utility model.
Among the figure: 1 lair basis; 2 plastic box bodies; 3 pure beeswaxs; 4 honeybee travel permits; Hook at the bottom of 5 boxes; 6 lids.
Fig. 2 is "-" shape honeybee travel permit figure of the utility model honeybee half spleen bee-nest box.
Fig. 3 is hook figure at the bottom of the box of the utility model honeybee half spleen bee-nest box.
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 the utility model specific implementation process is described further:
Preferably under the situation, honeybee just has gathering honey and secretes the dual capability that wax is made spleen, can promptly produce ceromel at this moment in the more and extraneous nectariferous plant honey flow of the between twenty and fifty honeybee of bee colony amount.In order to obtain than good yield, can be with reference to following several method: embodiment (one), weak all living creatures produces ceromel: can take the method for beehive wall opening is produced ceromel to the bee colony of putting in a suitable place to breed surely throughout the year, the size of openning should be decided on the size of the utility model honeybee half spleen bee-nest box, should be tight as far as possible behind the contact, in case insects such as galleria mellonella waxmoth and ant enter.Specific measures for implementation; The pure beeswax 3 (should brush the Plastic nest base surface on the box inside story) that the white transparent plastic box body 2 that box inside story face is cast with honeycomb lair basis 1 is coated fusing is put into box body the openning of beehive again, and make the box mouth equal with the beehive inwall, load onto honeybee travel permit 4 for four jiaos at the box mouth then, in order to expose box body lucifuge and the insulation outside beehive to part, available black cotton cover covers it.When treating in the box the complete capping of ceromel, should take out as early as possible and change sylphon and produce again by honeybee.The ceromel low temperature deinsectization as early as possible of taking out, dry, add a cover upper box cover 6 again, labelling is successfully ceromel.
Embodiment (two), half strong all living creatures produces ceromel: between twenty and fifty honeybee is more among the half strong group, for making full use of its gathering honey and secreting the ability that wax is made spleen, can produce ceromel with the wall-hanging method at the inwall of the hive and the case that continues.Concrete implementing method: the original frame of placing in the beehive is adjusted, respectively vacate the position of the frame in case limit, and the pure beeswax 3 (should be coated in the Plastic nest base surface of box inside story face) that the white transparent plastic box body 2 that hanging seat (available cable in plastics chuck replace) is cast with honeycomb lair basis 1 with box inside story face on tank wall is ordered is coated fusing loads onto " L " shape honeybee travel permit (as Fig. 1) in four jiaos in box mouth again, removes to tangle the hanging seat of having ordered at tank wall with linking up with 5 at the bottom of the box then.At last, adjust the honeybee road of frame and bee-nest box.Use the same method and can place a plurality of bee-nest box at every limit beehive, the quantity of throwing in bee-nest box should be decided by the working ability of bee colony.When treating the complete capping of ceromel in the bee-nest box, in time take out, and carry out deinsectization, dry, cover lid 6 then, labelling can be used as the commodity ceromel.Equally can be with this method at the inboard ceromel of producing of dividing plate.Be noted that producing ceromel there is no with other bee product of production and conflict, and can carry out simultaneously.
Embodiment (three), strong group and extra-heavy all living creatures produce ceromel: Qiang Qunzhong has a lot of between twenty and fifty honeybees, before swarming fever produces, no matter gathering honey is still secreted wax and is made spleen surprising ability is all arranged, for the between twenty and fifty honeybee of giving " having nothing to do " increases burden, can adopt pack into the way of shallow box of bee-nest box is produced ceromel.Concrete implementing method: the white transparent plastic box body 2 that the box bottom surface is cast with honeycomb lair basis 1 is coated the pure beeswax 3 (should be coated in the Plastic nest base surface of box inside story face) of fusing and is loaded onto "-" shape honeybee travel permit 4 (as Fig. 2) again on box mouth both sides, to increase the box both sides and to utilize with the opening of other both sides difference of height and do the honeybee road, with ten boxes is one group, equidirectional combination, opening up and down, be bound up with adhesive tape, four groups arranged side by side, dividing plate is fixed in the shallow box again, the ceromel case that continues, be added in then on the hive of strong bee colony that (adding ceromel continues and the honeybee in the former case that continues should be pressed onto in the former hive before the case, withdraw the case that continues originally, sub-spleen etc. can be put into other bee colony) case is nested and when storing up honey and reaching over half, add second case that continues again to treat to continue first ceromel, and the case that continues that newly adds should be added in original continuing above the case.As unbalanced words before and after the situation of storage honey in the ceromel case, tune before and after the case that can continue treats that second continues case storage honey better the time, and first case that continues is put into second and continues above the case.During as the complete capping of ceromel in the case that continues, should in time take out, and carry out deinsectization, dry, cover lid 6, labelling, being success is ceromel.Its ceromel honey lid of the ceromel of Sheng Chaning is very smooth attractive in appearance like this.