CN107188503A - A kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107188503A
CN107188503A CN201710425256.0A CN201710425256A CN107188503A CN 107188503 A CN107188503 A CN 107188503A CN 201710425256 A CN201710425256 A CN 201710425256A CN 107188503 A CN107188503 A CN 107188503A
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parts
environmental
friendly construction
raw
powder
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CN201710425256.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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王磊
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合肥华盖光伏科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201710425256.0A priority Critical patent/CN107188503A/en
Publication of CN107188503A publication Critical patent/CN107188503A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/10Lime cements or magnesium oxide cements
    • C04B28/105Magnesium oxide or magnesium carbonate cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/022Carbon
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/04Silica-rich materials; Silicates
    • C04B14/08Diatomaceous earth
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/04Silica-rich materials; Silicates
    • C04B14/22Glass ; Devitrified glass
    • C04B14/24Glass ; Devitrified glass porous, e.g. foamed glass
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    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/30Oxides other than silica
    • C04B14/305Titanium oxide, e.g. titanates
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/34Metals, e.g. ferro-silicon
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    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/36Inorganic materials not provided for in groups C04B14/022 and C04B14/04 - C04B14/34
    • C04B14/366Phosphates, e.g. apatite
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B18/00Use of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse, specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B18/04Waste materials; Refuse
    • C04B18/06Combustion residues, e.g. purification products of smoke, fumes or exhaust gases
    • C04B18/08Flue dust, i.e. fly ash
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B18/00Use of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of agglomerated or waste materials or refuse, specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B18/04Waste materials; Refuse
    • C04B18/16Waste materials; Refuse from building or ceramic industry
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    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00008Obtaining or using nanotechnology related materials
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    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00017Aspects relating to the protection of the environment
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    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/30Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values
    • C04B2201/32Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values for the thermal conductivity, e.g. K-factors
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    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof, is related to building material field, environmental-friendly construction material includes the raw material of following parts by weight:14 21 parts of calcium silicate powder, 10 30 parts of granite powder, 15 19 parts of polyurethane, 17 25 parts of aluminium silicate powder, 5 11 parts of magnesia, 21 25 parts of flue dust, 15 21 parts of diatomite, 15 27 parts of bamboo charcoal, 11 33 parts of expanded and vitrified small ball, discarded 23 29 parts of rock cotton board, 15 27 parts of scrap glass, 13 17 parts of nano titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate carry 35 parts of 13 17 parts of silver powder, 12 16 parts of cement, 0.2 0.4 parts of air entraining agent, 0.3 0.7 parts of retarder, 0.3 0.5 parts of water reducer and water;Preparation method comprises the following steps:(1) raw material, (2) crushing, (3) stirring, (4) extrusion forming, (5) drying are weighed.The present invention solves existing environmental-friendly construction material the problem of applied to also there is deficiency to compression strength, insulation and high architectural of environmental protection and energy saving requirement.

Description

A kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material field, and in particular to a kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
With social progress and the raising of living standards of the people, requirement more and more higher of the people to construction material, especially Environmental-friendly construction material in construction material, still, in existing environmental-friendly construction material, exist compression strength it is low, insulation effect The problem of fruit is general and does not reach energy-conserving and environment-protective requirement.
A kind of construction material of insulation of Chinese patent literature that on July 13rd, 2016 is announced and preparation method thereof (is awarded Weigh notification number CN104261776B), the construction material of described insulation includes the raw material of following parts by weight:Calcium silicate powder is 14-21 parts, granite powder be 8-17 parts, polyurethane be 15-19 parts, aluminium silicate powder be 17-25 parts, magnesia be 5-11 parts, ore deposit Thing cotton is 7-13 parts, polyester fiber is 4-9 parts.The preparation method of the construction material of the insulation comprises the following steps:(1) Above-mentioned each composition is taken to be stirred in agitator tank, it is standby after stirring;(2) mixing prepared step (1) is equal Composite after even is injected into mould, extrusion forming;(3) composite architectural materials after step (2) is press-formed Dried again, drying temperature is 75 DEG C, drying time is the construction material that insulation is prepared after 3h, drying.
The invention is formulated to it in the building in face of high standards and stills need further improvement, make it have anti- The characteristics of Compressive Strength height, good thermal and insulating performance and environmental protection and energy saving.
The content of the invention
In order to solve existing environmental-friendly construction material applied to high to compression strength, insulation and environmental protection and energy saving requirement It is architectural the problem of also there is deficiency, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof, it is made Environmental-friendly construction material have the advantages that compression strength is high, thermal and insulating performance is good and environmental protection and energy saving.
The invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of environmental-friendly construction material, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:14-21 parts of calcium silicate powder, granite powder 10-30 Part, 15-19 parts of polyurethane, 17-25 parts of aluminium silicate powder, 5-11 parts of magnesia, 21-25 parts of flue dust, 15-21 parts of diatomite, bamboo 15-27 parts of charcoal, 11-33 parts of expanded and vitrified small ball, discarded 23-29 parts of rock cotton board, 15-27 parts of scrap glass, nano titanium oxide 13-17 parts, basic zirconium phosphate carry 13-17 parts of silver powder, 12-16 parts of cement, 0.2-0.4 parts of air entraining agent, 0.3-0.7 parts of retarder, diminishing 3-5 parts of 0.3-0.5 parts of agent and water.
Discarded rock cotton board and scrap glass are with the addition of in the raw material of the present invention, these construction wastes are shelved on city for a long time, Urban land, and the local environment of pollution are not only taken up, now by these construction waste cycling and reutilizations, energy-conserving and environment-protective have been reached Purpose.
Discarded rock cotton board can improve the thermal and insulating performance of the environmental-friendly construction material of preparation.
Scrap glass is due to its own good compressive property, as a part for raw material, can improve environment protection architecture material The compression strength of material.
Flue dust is with the addition of in raw material, flue dust can improve the pressure resistance of the environment-friendly materials of preparation with cement mixing use Degree.
Diatomite is with the addition of in raw material, diatomite has natural micropore structure, can realize breathing damping, while it may be used also To adsorb the poisonous and harmful substance of formaldehyde etc. in air.
Bamboo charcoal is with the addition of in raw material, bamboo charcoal is loose and porous structure, and its molecule is fine and closely woven porous, and quality is hard, with very strong Adsorption capacity, can purify air, eliminate peculiar smell, antibacterial expelling parasite and breathing damping.
Expanded and vitrified small ball, expanded and vitrified small ball internal porous, surface vitreous closing, with good are with the addition of in raw material Heat-insulating property, and compensate for expanded perlite as the deficiency of aglite, overcomes that expanded perlite water imbibition is big, Yi Fen Change, the defect that volume mistake rate is big, product later stage heat-insulating property is reduced and easily hollowing ftractures in stirring.
Nano titanium oxide is with the addition of in raw material, Nano titanium dioxide has sterilization, antifouling, deodorization, nontoxic and performance Stable the characteristics of, in addition in the presence of ultraviolet, Nano titanium dioxide can be activated, trip of the generation with high catalytic activity From base, it with very strong photoredox ability, can be catalyzed, photodissociation is attached to the organic matters such as the various formaldehyde of material surface, reach Indoor hardware fitting is particularly suitable for the effect of purification air, therefore using the environmental-friendly construction material of the raw material.
Basic zirconium phosphate is with the addition of in raw material and carries silver powder, basic zirconium phosphate, which carries silver powder, has bactericidal action.
Preferably, the raw material of following parts by weight is included:17.5 parts of calcium silicate powder, 20 parts of granite powder, 17 parts of polyurethane, silicon Sour 21 parts of aluminium powder, 8 parts of magnesia, 23 parts of flue dust, 18 parts of diatomite, 21 parts of bamboo charcoal, 22 parts of expanded and vitrified small ball, discarded rock wool 26 parts of plate, 21 parts of scrap glass, 15 parts of nano titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate carry 15 parts of silver powder, 14 parts of cement, 0.3 part of air entraining agent, slow Solidifying 4 parts of 0.5 part of agent, 0.4 part of water reducer and water;
Obtained environmental-friendly construction material has reached most in compression strength, thermal and insulating performance and environmental protection and energy saving under the formula It is excellent.
Preferably, the diatomaceous particle diameter is 300 mesh, preferably can be mixed with other raw materials.
Preferably, the cement is aluminate cement, the characteristics of aluminate cement has fast hard and high intensity.
Preferably, the air entraining agent be alkyl benzene sulfonate air entraining agent, improve environmental-friendly construction material material flow, Plasticity and the thermal conductivity factor for reducing environmental-friendly construction material finished product.
Preferably, the retarder is phosphoric acid salt retarder, the time for delaying the raw material of environmental-friendly construction material to harden, is made Must by extend mixing time by raw material stir it is more uniform.
Preferably, the water reducer is lignin sulfonate water reducer, it is possible to reduce the 10-15% of water consumption, is improved The workability of compound.
A kind of preparation method of environmental-friendly construction material, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material is weighed according to the parts by weight of environmental-friendly construction material raw material;
(2) discarded rock cotton board and scrap glass are added in pulverizer and crushed, grinding time is 10-15min, produces powder Broken batch mixing;
(3) by the crushing batch mixing in step (2), calcium silicate powder, granite powder, polyurethane, aluminium silicate powder, magnesia, cigarette Road ash, diatomite, bamboo charcoal, expanded and vitrified small ball, nano titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate carry silver powder, cement, air entraining agent, retarder, subtracted Aqua and water are added in mixer and stirred, and mixing time is 30-40min, produces compound;
(4) by the compound injection moulding mould in step (3), extrusion forming produces molding mass;
(5) molding mass in step (4) is dried, drying temperature is 75-80 DEG C, and drying time is 4-5h, is produced Environmental-friendly construction material.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1st, the present invention is by adding discarded rock cotton board, discarded glass in the formula to existing immediate environmental-friendly construction material Glass, flue dust, diatomite, bamboo charcoal, expanded and vitrified small ball, discarded rock cotton board, scrap glass, nano titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate are carried Silver powder, cement, air entraining agent, retarder and water reducer, and the preparation method of the environmental-friendly construction material is have developed, solve existing Environmental-friendly construction material is applied to requiring compression strength, insulation and environmental protection and energy saving the high architectural deficiency that also exists Problem.
2nd, discarded rock cotton board and scrap glass are with the addition of in raw material of the invention, these construction wastes are shelved on city for a long time City, does not only take up urban land, and the local environment of pollution, now by these construction waste cycling and reutilizations, has reached energy-conservation The purpose of environmental protection.
3rd, flue dust is with the addition of in raw material of the invention, flue dust can improve the environmentally friendly material of preparation with cement mixing use The compression strength of material.
4th, diatomite is with the addition of in raw material of the invention, diatomite has natural micropore structure, can realize breathing damping, It can also adsorb the poisonous and harmful substance of formaldehyde etc. in air simultaneously.
5th, bamboo charcoal is with the addition of in raw material of the invention, bamboo charcoal is loose and porous structure, and its molecule is fine and closely woven porous, quality is hard Firmly, with very strong adsorption capacity, air can be purified, peculiar smell, antibacterial expelling parasite and breathing damping is eliminated.
6th, expanded and vitrified small ball is with the addition of in raw material of the invention, expanded and vitrified small ball internal porous, surface vitreous are closed, With good heat-insulating property, and expanded perlite is compensate for as the deficiency of aglite, overcome expanded perlite suction Aqueous big, easy efflorescence, the defect that volume mistake rate is big, product later stage heat-insulating property is reduced and easily hollowing ftractures in stirring.
7th, with the addition of nano titanium oxide in raw material of the invention, Nano titanium dioxide have sterilization, antifouling, deodorization, The characteristics of nontoxic and performance is stable, in addition in the presence of ultraviolet, Nano titanium dioxide can be activated, and generation is urged with height Change the free radical of activity, with very strong photoredox ability, can be catalyzed, photodissociation is attached to various formaldehyde of material surface etc. Organic matter, reaches the effect of purification air, therefore be particularly suitable for interior decoration using the environmental-friendly construction material of the raw material Material.
8th, basic zirconium phosphate is with the addition of in raw material of the invention and carries silver powder, basic zirconium phosphate, which carries silver powder, has bactericidal action.
9th, heretofore described diatomaceous particle diameter is 300 mesh, preferably can be mixed with other raw materials.
10th, heretofore described cement is aluminate cement, the characteristics of aluminate cement has fast hard and high intensity.
11st, heretofore described air entraining agent is alkyl benzene sulfonate air entraining agent, improves the raw material stream of environmental-friendly construction material The thermal conductivity factor of dynamic property, plasticity and reduction environmental-friendly construction material finished product.
12nd, heretofore described retarder is phosphoric acid salt retarder, delay that the raw material of environmental-friendly construction material hardens when Between so that by extend mixing time by raw material stir it is more uniform.
13rd, heretofore described water reducer is lignin sulfonate water reducer, it is possible to reduce the 10-15% of water consumption, Improve the workability of compound.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of environmental-friendly construction material, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:It is 17.5 parts of calcium silicate powder, 20 parts of granite powder, poly- 17 parts of urethane, 21 parts of aluminium silicate powder, 8 parts of magnesia, 23 parts of flue dust, 18 parts of diatomite, 21 parts of bamboo charcoal, expanded and vitrified small ball 22 Part, discarded 26 parts of rock cotton board, 21 parts of scrap glass, 15 parts of nano titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate carry 15 parts of silver powder, 14 parts of cement, drawn 4 parts of 0.3 part of gas agent, 0.5 part of retarder, 0.4 part of water reducer and water.
Obtained environmental-friendly construction material has reached most in compression strength, thermal and insulating performance and environmental protection and energy saving under the formula It is excellent.
Discarded rock cotton board and scrap glass are with the addition of in raw material, these construction wastes are shelved on city for a long time, do not only take up Urban land, and the local environment of pollution, now by these construction waste cycling and reutilizations, have reached the purpose of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Discarded rock cotton board can improve the thermal and insulating performance of the environmental-friendly construction material of preparation.
Scrap glass is due to its own good compressive property, as a part for raw material, can improve environment protection architecture material The compression strength of material.
Flue dust is with the addition of in raw material, flue dust can improve the pressure resistance of the environment-friendly materials of preparation with cement mixing use Degree.
Diatomite is with the addition of in raw material, diatomite has natural micropore structure, can realize breathing damping, while it may be used also To adsorb the poisonous and harmful substance of formaldehyde etc. in air.
Bamboo charcoal is with the addition of in raw material, bamboo charcoal is loose and porous structure, and its molecule is fine and closely woven porous, and quality is hard, with very strong Adsorption capacity, can purify air, eliminate peculiar smell, antibacterial expelling parasite and breathing damping.
Expanded and vitrified small ball, expanded and vitrified small ball internal porous, surface vitreous closing, with good are with the addition of in raw material Heat-insulating property, and compensate for expanded perlite as the deficiency of aglite, overcomes that expanded perlite water imbibition is big, Yi Fen Change, the defect that volume mistake rate is big, product later stage heat-insulating property is reduced and easily hollowing ftractures in stirring.
Nano titanium oxide is with the addition of in raw material, Nano titanium dioxide has sterilization, antifouling, deodorization, nontoxic and performance Stable the characteristics of, in addition in the presence of ultraviolet, Nano titanium dioxide can be activated, trip of the generation with high catalytic activity From base, it with very strong photoredox ability, can be catalyzed, photodissociation is attached to the organic matters such as the various formaldehyde of material surface, reach Indoor hardware fitting is particularly suitable for the effect of purification air, therefore using the environmental-friendly construction material of the raw material.
Basic zirconium phosphate is with the addition of in raw material and carries silver powder, basic zirconium phosphate, which carries silver powder, has bactericidal action.
Diatomaceous particle diameter is 300 mesh, preferably can be mixed with other raw materials.
Cement is aluminate cement, the characteristics of aluminate cement has fast hard and high intensity.
Air entraining agent is alkyl benzene sulfonate air entraining agent, improve the material flow of environmental-friendly construction material, plasticity and Reduce the thermal conductivity factor of environmental-friendly construction material finished product.
Retarder is phosphoric acid salt retarder, the time for delaying the raw material of environmental-friendly construction material to harden so that pass through extension Mixing time by raw material stir it is more uniform.
Water reducer is lignin sulfonate water reducer, it is possible to reduce the 10-15% of water consumption, improvement compound and easy Property.
A kind of preparation method of environmental-friendly construction material, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material is weighed according to the parts by weight of environmental-friendly construction material raw material;
(2) discarded rock cotton board and scrap glass are added in pulverizer and crushed, grinding time is 10-15min, produces powder Broken batch mixing;
(3) by the crushing batch mixing in step (2), calcium silicate powder, granite powder, polyurethane, aluminium silicate powder, magnesia, cigarette Road ash, diatomite, bamboo charcoal, expanded and vitrified small ball, nano titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate carry silver powder, cement, air entraining agent, retarder, subtracted Aqua and water are added in mixer and stirred, and mixing time is 30-40min, produces compound;
(4) by the compound injection moulding mould in step (3), extrusion forming produces molding mass;
(5) molding mass in step (4) is dried, drying temperature is 75-80 DEG C, and drying time is 4-5h, is produced Environmental-friendly construction material.
Embodiment 2
A kind of environmental-friendly construction material, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:14 parts of calcium silicate powder, 10 parts of granite powder, poly- ammonia 15 parts of ester, 17 parts of aluminium silicate powder, 5 parts of magnesia, 21 parts of flue dust, 15 parts of diatomite, 15 parts of bamboo charcoal, expanded and vitrified small ball 11 Part, discarded 23 parts of rock cotton board, 15 parts of scrap glass, 13 parts of nano titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate carry 13 parts of silver powder, 12 parts of cement, drawn 3 parts of 0.2 part of gas agent, 0.3 part of retarder, 0.3 part of water reducer and water.
Discarded rock cotton board and scrap glass are with the addition of in raw material, these construction wastes are shelved on city for a long time, do not only take up Urban land, and the local environment of pollution, now by these construction waste cycling and reutilizations, have reached the purpose of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Discarded rock cotton board can improve the thermal and insulating performance of the environmental-friendly construction material of preparation.
Scrap glass is due to its own good compressive property, as a part for raw material, can improve environment protection architecture material The compression strength of material.
Flue dust is with the addition of in raw material, flue dust can improve the pressure resistance of the environment-friendly materials of preparation with cement mixing use Degree.
Diatomite is with the addition of in raw material, diatomite has natural micropore structure, can realize breathing damping, while it may be used also To adsorb the poisonous and harmful substance of formaldehyde etc. in air.
Bamboo charcoal is with the addition of in raw material, bamboo charcoal is loose and porous structure, and its molecule is fine and closely woven porous, and quality is hard, with very strong Adsorption capacity, can purify air, eliminate peculiar smell, antibacterial expelling parasite and breathing damping.
Expanded and vitrified small ball, expanded and vitrified small ball internal porous, surface vitreous closing, with good are with the addition of in raw material Heat-insulating property, and compensate for expanded perlite as the deficiency of aglite, overcomes that expanded perlite water imbibition is big, Yi Fen Change, the defect that volume mistake rate is big, product later stage heat-insulating property is reduced and easily hollowing ftractures in stirring.
Nano titanium oxide is with the addition of in raw material, Nano titanium dioxide has sterilization, antifouling, deodorization, nontoxic and performance Stable the characteristics of, in addition in the presence of ultraviolet, Nano titanium dioxide can be activated, trip of the generation with high catalytic activity From base, it with very strong photoredox ability, can be catalyzed, photodissociation is attached to the organic matters such as the various formaldehyde of material surface, reach Indoor hardware fitting is particularly suitable for the effect of purification air, therefore using the environmental-friendly construction material of the raw material.
Basic zirconium phosphate is with the addition of in raw material and carries silver powder, basic zirconium phosphate, which carries silver powder, has bactericidal action.
Diatomaceous particle diameter is 300 mesh, preferably can be mixed with other raw materials.
Cement is aluminate cement, the characteristics of aluminate cement has fast hard and high intensity.
Air entraining agent is alkyl benzene sulfonate air entraining agent, improve the material flow of environmental-friendly construction material, plasticity and Reduce the thermal conductivity factor of environmental-friendly construction material finished product.
Retarder is phosphoric acid salt retarder, the time for delaying the raw material of environmental-friendly construction material to harden so that pass through extension Mixing time by raw material stir it is more uniform.
Water reducer is lignin sulfonate water reducer, it is possible to reduce the 10-15% of water consumption, improvement compound and easy Property.
A kind of preparation method of environmental-friendly construction material, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material is weighed according to the parts by weight of environmental-friendly construction material raw material;
(2) discarded rock cotton board and scrap glass are added in pulverizer and crushed, grinding time is 10-15min, produces powder Broken batch mixing;
(3) by the crushing batch mixing in step (2), calcium silicate powder, granite powder, polyurethane, aluminium silicate powder, magnesia, cigarette Road ash, diatomite, bamboo charcoal, expanded and vitrified small ball, nano titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate carry silver powder, cement, air entraining agent, retarder, subtracted Aqua and water are added in mixer and stirred, and mixing time is 30-40min, produces compound;
(4) by the compound injection moulding mould in step (3), extrusion forming produces molding mass;
(5) molding mass in step (4) is dried, drying temperature is 75-80 DEG C, and drying time is 4-5h, is produced Environmental-friendly construction material.
Embodiment 3
A kind of environmental-friendly construction material, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:21 parts of calcium silicate powder, 30 parts of granite powder, poly- ammonia 19 parts of ester, 25 parts of aluminium silicate powder, 11 parts of magnesia, 25 parts of flue dust, 21 parts of diatomite, 27 parts of bamboo charcoal, expanded and vitrified small ball 33 Part, discarded 29 parts of rock cotton board, 27 parts of scrap glass, 17 parts of nano titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate carry 17 parts of silver powder, 16 parts of cement, drawn 5 parts of 0.4 part of gas agent, 0.7 part of retarder, 0.5 part of water reducer and water.
Discarded rock cotton board and scrap glass are with the addition of in raw material, these construction wastes are shelved on city for a long time, do not only take up Urban land, and the local environment of pollution, now by these construction waste cycling and reutilizations, have reached the purpose of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Discarded rock cotton board can improve the thermal and insulating performance of the environmental-friendly construction material of preparation.
Scrap glass is due to its own good compressive property, as a part for raw material, can improve environment protection architecture material The compression strength of material.
Flue dust is with the addition of in raw material, flue dust can improve the pressure resistance of the environment-friendly materials of preparation with cement mixing use Degree.
Diatomite is with the addition of in raw material, diatomite has natural micropore structure, can realize breathing damping, while it may be used also To adsorb the poisonous and harmful substance of formaldehyde etc. in air.
Bamboo charcoal is with the addition of in raw material, bamboo charcoal is loose and porous structure, and its molecule is fine and closely woven porous, and quality is hard, with very strong Adsorption capacity, can purify air, eliminate peculiar smell, antibacterial expelling parasite and breathing damping.
Expanded and vitrified small ball, expanded and vitrified small ball internal porous, surface vitreous closing, with good are with the addition of in raw material Heat-insulating property, and compensate for expanded perlite as the deficiency of aglite, overcomes that expanded perlite water imbibition is big, Yi Fen Change, the defect that volume mistake rate is big, product later stage heat-insulating property is reduced and easily hollowing ftractures in stirring.
Nano titanium oxide is with the addition of in raw material, Nano titanium dioxide has sterilization, antifouling, deodorization, nontoxic and performance Stable the characteristics of, in addition in the presence of ultraviolet, Nano titanium dioxide can be activated, trip of the generation with high catalytic activity From base, it with very strong photoredox ability, can be catalyzed, photodissociation is attached to the organic matters such as the various formaldehyde of material surface, reach Indoor hardware fitting is particularly suitable for the effect of purification air, therefore using the environmental-friendly construction material of the raw material.
Basic zirconium phosphate is with the addition of in raw material and carries silver powder, basic zirconium phosphate, which carries silver powder, has bactericidal action.
Diatomaceous particle diameter is 300 mesh, preferably can be mixed with other raw materials.
Cement is aluminate cement, the characteristics of aluminate cement has fast hard and high intensity.
Air entraining agent is alkyl benzene sulfonate air entraining agent, improve the material flow of environmental-friendly construction material, plasticity and Reduce the thermal conductivity factor of environmental-friendly construction material finished product.
Retarder is phosphoric acid salt retarder, the time for delaying the raw material of environmental-friendly construction material to harden so that pass through extension Mixing time by raw material stir it is more uniform.
Water reducer is lignin sulfonate water reducer, it is possible to reduce the 10-15% of water consumption, improvement compound and easy Property.
A kind of preparation method of environmental-friendly construction material, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material is weighed according to the parts by weight of environmental-friendly construction material raw material;
(2) discarded rock cotton board and scrap glass are added in pulverizer and crushed, grinding time is 10-15min, produces powder Broken batch mixing;
(3) by the crushing batch mixing in step (2), calcium silicate powder, granite powder, polyurethane, aluminium silicate powder, magnesia, cigarette Road ash, diatomite, bamboo charcoal, expanded and vitrified small ball, nano titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate carry silver powder, cement, air entraining agent, retarder, subtracted Aqua and water are added in mixer and stirred, and mixing time is 30-40min, produces compound;
(4) by the compound injection moulding mould in step (3), extrusion forming produces molding mass;
(5) molding mass in step (4) is dried, drying temperature is 75-80 DEG C, and drying time is 4-5h, is produced Environmental-friendly construction material.
Comparative example 1
A kind of environmental-friendly construction material, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:It is 17.5 parts of calcium silicate powder, 20 parts of granite powder, poly- 4 parts of 17 parts of urethane, 21 parts of aluminium silicate powder, 8 parts of magnesia and water.
A kind of preparation method of environmental-friendly construction material, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material is weighed according to the parts by weight of environmental-friendly construction material raw material;
(2) calcium silicate powder, granite powder, polyurethane, aluminium silicate powder, magnesia and water are added in mixer and stirred, Mixing time is 30-40min, produces compound;
(3) by the compound injection moulding mould in step (2), extrusion forming produces molding mass;
(4) molding mass in step (3) is dried, drying temperature is 75-80 DEG C, and drying time is 4-5h, is produced Environmental-friendly construction material.
Environmental-friendly construction material will be made in embodiment 1, embodiment 2, embodiment 3 and comparative example 1 and carry out performance test, test As a result it is as shown in table 1:
From the data of table 1 compare as can be seen that it is an advantage of the invention that:
1st, a kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof, can from the environmental-friendly construction material compression strength value measured Go out, embodiment 1-3 compression strength value is above comparative example 1, illustrate that the environmental-friendly construction material compression strength is high.
2nd, a kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof, the thermal conductivity factor from the environmental-friendly construction material measured can Go out, embodiment 1-3 thermal conductivity factor is below comparative example 1, illustrate the environmental-friendly construction material high insulating effect.
3rd, a kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof, from bacteria resistance energy, the formaldehyde of the environmental-friendly construction material measured Purifying property and toluene purifying property can be seen that embodiment 1-3 bacteria resistance energy, purifying formaldehyde performance and toluene purification property Comparative example 1 can be above, illustrates that the feature of environmental protection of the environmental-friendly construction material is good.
4th, a kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof, can from the material loss slip of the environmental-friendly construction material measured To find out, embodiment 1-3 material loss slip is above comparative example 1, illustrates the good energy-conserving effect of the environmental-friendly construction material.
5th, a kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof, can in the data of each index from the environmental-friendly construction material measured To find out, embodiment 1 is superior to embodiment 2, embodiment 3 and comparative example 1, illustrates the composition of raw materials and system of the environmental-friendly construction material The reasonability of Preparation Method.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, although with reference to foregoing reality Apply example the present invention is described in detail, for those skilled in the art, it still can be to foregoing each implementation Technical scheme described in example is modified, or equivalent substitution, all essences in the present invention are carried out to which part technical characteristic God is with principle, and any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of environmental-friendly construction material, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following parts by weight:14-21 parts of calcium silicate powder, granite 10-30 parts of powder, 15-19 parts of polyurethane, 17-25 parts of aluminium silicate powder, 5-11 parts of magnesia, 21-25 parts of flue dust, diatomite 15- 21 parts, 15-27 parts of bamboo charcoal, 11-33 parts of expanded and vitrified small ball, discarded 23-29 parts of rock cotton board, 15-27 parts of scrap glass, nanometer two 13-17 parts of titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate carry 13-17 parts of silver powder, 12-16 parts of cement, 0.2-0.4 parts of air entraining agent, retarder 0.3-0.7 3-5 parts of part, 0.3-0.5 parts of water reducer and water.
2. environmental-friendly construction material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following parts by weight:Calcium silicates 17.5 parts of powder, 20 parts of granite powder, 17 parts of polyurethane, 21 parts of aluminium silicate powder, 8 parts of magnesia, 23 parts of flue dust, diatomite 18 Part, 21 parts of bamboo charcoal, 22 parts of expanded and vitrified small ball, discarded 26 parts of rock cotton board, 21 parts of scrap glass, 15 parts of nano titanium oxide, phosphorus Sour zirconium carries 4 parts of 15 parts of silver powder, 14 parts of cement, 0.3 part of air entraining agent, 0.5 part of retarder, 0.4 part of water reducer and water.
3. environmental-friendly construction material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The diatomaceous particle diameter is 300 mesh.
4. environmental-friendly construction material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cement is aluminate cement.
5. environmental-friendly construction material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The air entraining agent draws for alkyl benzene sulfonate Gas agent.
6. environmental-friendly construction material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The retarder is phosphoric acid salt retarder.
7. environmental-friendly construction material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The water reducer subtracts for lignin sulfonate Aqua.
8. a kind of preparation method of environmental-friendly construction material as described in claim 1-7 any one, it is characterised in that including Following steps:
(1) raw material is weighed according to the parts by weight of environmental-friendly construction material raw material;
(2) discarded rock cotton board and scrap glass are added in pulverizer and crushed, grinding time is 10-15min, produce crushing mixed Material;
(3) by the crushing batch mixing in step (2), calcium silicate powder, granite powder, polyurethane, aluminium silicate powder, magnesia, flue dust, Diatomite, bamboo charcoal, expanded and vitrified small ball, nano titanium oxide, basic zirconium phosphate carry silver powder, cement, air entraining agent, retarder, water reducer It is added in mixer and stirs with water, mixing time is 30-40min, produces compound;
(4) by the compound injection moulding mould in step (3), extrusion forming produces molding mass;
(5) molding mass in step (4) is dried, drying temperature is 75-80 DEG C, and drying time is 4-5h, produces environmental protection Construction material.
CN201710425256.0A 2017-06-08 2017-06-08 A kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof CN107188503A (en)

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CN108101418A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-06-01 南阳理工学院 A kind of environmental-friendly construction material
CN108129867A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-06-08 南阳理工学院 A kind of preparation method of environmental-friendly construction material
CN108358537A (en) * 2018-02-08 2018-08-03 合肥梵腾环保科技有限公司 A kind of novel environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof
CN108424104A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-08-21 安徽梅兰园林景观工程有限公司 A kind of landscape design environmentally friendly floor tile and preparation method thereof
CN108585710A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-09-28 义乌工商职业技术学院 A kind of construction material and preparation method thereof
CN108863170A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-11-23 张军 A kind of construction material and preparation method thereof containing active carbon
CN108975838A (en) * 2018-08-23 2018-12-11 温州盛泰建设有限公司 Environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof
CN109503105A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-03-22 河南普绿环保科技有限公司 A kind of carbonaceous activity environment-friendly materials

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CN106145826A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-11-23 安徽智博新材料科技有限公司 A kind of environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof
CN106242427A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-12-21 太仓顺如成建筑材料有限公司 A kind of kieselguhr heat-insulation and heat-preservation construction material

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CN104261776A (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-01-07 湖州科达化工燃料有限公司 Thermal insulation building material and preparation method thereof
CN105693146A (en) * 2014-11-25 2016-06-22 哈尔滨大通瑞持网络有限公司 Environmentally friendly building material
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CN108101418A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-06-01 南阳理工学院 A kind of environmental-friendly construction material
CN108129867A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-06-08 南阳理工学院 A kind of preparation method of environmental-friendly construction material
CN108358537A (en) * 2018-02-08 2018-08-03 合肥梵腾环保科技有限公司 A kind of novel environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof
CN108424104A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-08-21 安徽梅兰园林景观工程有限公司 A kind of landscape design environmentally friendly floor tile and preparation method thereof
CN108585710A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-09-28 义乌工商职业技术学院 A kind of construction material and preparation method thereof
CN108585710B (en) * 2018-05-11 2020-03-31 义乌工商职业技术学院 Building material and preparation method thereof
CN108863170A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-11-23 张军 A kind of construction material and preparation method thereof containing active carbon
CN108975838A (en) * 2018-08-23 2018-12-11 温州盛泰建设有限公司 Environmental-friendly construction material and preparation method thereof
CN109503105A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-03-22 河南普绿环保科技有限公司 A kind of carbonaceous activity environment-friendly materials

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Application publication date: 20170922