CN106941924A - A kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure - Google Patents

A kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106941924A
CN106941924A CN201710281610.7A CN201710281610A CN106941924A CN 106941924 A CN106941924 A CN 106941924A CN 201710281610 A CN201710281610 A CN 201710281610A CN 106941924 A CN106941924 A CN 106941924A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
watermelon
mass fraction
low temperature
soil
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CN201710281610.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金良武
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Bengbu Baoxu Family Farm
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Bengbu Baoxu Family Farm
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Priority to CN201710281610.7A priority Critical patent/CN106941924A/en
Publication of CN106941924A publication Critical patent/CN106941924A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F1/00Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof
    • C05F1/005Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof from meat-wastes or from other wastes of animal origin, e.g. skins, hair, hoofs, feathers, blood
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C3/00Fertilisers containing other salts of ammonia or ammonia itself, e.g. gas liquor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Medicines Containing Plant Substances (AREA)
  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)
  • Fodder In General (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure, following steps are specifically included:(1)Soil heat preservation processing;(2)Rice shoot topdresses processing;(3)Daily management.By experiment, a kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure provided using the inventive method, the fruit-setting rate of watermelon when significantly improving watermelon florescence experience low temperature, the watermelon substance that the rice shoot after present invention processing is grown simultaneously improves more than 11% than the watermelon substance grown after prior art processing, per mu yield improves more than 12%, substantially increases the economic well-being of workers and staff of planting household.

Description

A kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of planting, and in particular to a kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure.
Background technology
The annual liana of overgrowing of watermelon, is cultivated, kind is a lot of, exocarp, pulp and seed are various informative all over China.West Melon original seed may be from Africa, cultivate incoming China of beginning when the world torrid zone to temperate zone, gold, member extensively for a long time.Watermelon is summer Fruit, pulp taste is sweet, can cool and drive away summer heat;Seed oil-containing, can make pastime food;Pericarp is medicinal, there is heat-clearing, diuresis, hypotensive Effect.
At the florescence of watermelon, if meeting low temperature, watermelon is beared fruit totally unfavorable, artificial pollination side is only taken in the prior art Method ensures the pollination of watermelon, the effect for ensureing fruit-setting rate is reached with this, but do not consider in terms of insulation, nutrient.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the invention provides a kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure, specifically includes following steps:
(1)Soil heat preservation processing
A according to the mass fraction, is crushed, toad 30-35 parts of cleaning and choppings of grass after 10-15 parts of egg shell is dried, and the two is mixed 10-15 parts of lactobacillus bacterium solution is added afterwards, in co-fermentation 150-180 minutes under 35-40 DEG C of environment, obtains fermentation material;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 10-15 parts of dried poultrymanure, the uniform mixing of 40-45 parts of garden mould, obtains composite soil;
C is by the fermentation material, composite soil in mass ratio 1:After 800 mix thoroughly, Nutrition Soil is obtained;
The Nutrition Soil is buried in by watermelon stem at 15-20cm by D, burying depth 5-10cm, that is, completes soil heat preservation processing;
(2)Rice shoot topdresses processing
A according to the mass fraction, takes 15-20 parts of glycerine, 10-12 parts of vaseline, 5-8 parts of paraffin, 4-5 parts of mixing of soybean oil equal It is even, obtain paste;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 100-120 parts of liquid of 100 times of 50% methyl α-naphthyl acetate, 100-120 parts of liquid of 100 times of 50% gibberellin, borax 1-2 parts, 1-2 parts of ammonium molybdate, 5-8 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate, 5-8 parts of arginine, the uniform mixing of 5-8 parts of lysine, obtain medicament;
C is by the paste, medicament in mass ratio 5:1 mixing, is made ointment;
The ointment is used packaging plastic bags by D, per packed 20-25 grams of amount, then pricks 3-5 aperture with pin in polybag bottom Afterwards, it is positioned over by watermelon rice shoot stem, slow releasing function can be played, it is to avoid dose is excessive causes the excessive growth of watermelon, has simultaneously Effect improves the cold tolerance of watermelon rice shoot, it is ensured that the fruit-setting rate of watermelon;
(3)Daily management
Complete step(1), step(2)After the operation, artificial pollination is carried out by prior art.
Further, step(1)The Nutrition Soil, is specifically made by following steps:
A according to the mass fraction, is crushed, the careless 35 parts of cleaning and choppings of toad after 15 parts of egg shell is dried, and is added after the two mixing 15 parts of lactobacillus bacterium solution, in co-fermentation under 35-40 DEG C of environment 180 minutes, obtains fermentation material;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 15 parts of dried poultrymanure, the uniform mixing of 45 parts of garden mould, obtains composite soil;
C is by the fermentation material, composite soil in mass ratio 1:After 800 mix thoroughly, produce.
Further, step(2)The ointment, is specifically made by following steps:
A according to the mass fraction, takes 20 parts of glycerine, 12 parts of vaseline, 8 parts of paraffin, 5 parts of soybean oil to be well mixed, obtains paste;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 100 times of 50% methyl α-naphthyl acetate, 120 parts of liquid, 100 times of 50% gibberellin, 120 parts of liquid, 2 parts of borax, molybdic acid 2 parts of ammonium, 8 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate, 8 parts of arginine, the uniform mixing of 8 parts of lysine, obtain medicament;
C is by the paste, medicament in mass ratio 5:1 mixing, is produced.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:A kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure that the present invention is provided, by using the battalion Foster soil is buried in by watermelon stem, by the slow fermentation heat production of Nutrition Soil, reaches the effect of soil warming, effectively reduction The injury that low temperature is caused to watermelon rice shoot root, it is ensured that absorption of the root to nutrient, improves plant photosynthesis and respiration Intensity, reaches the effect for ensureing fruit-setting rate;Then packaging plastic bags are used using the ointment, then in polybag bottom pin Prick after 3-5 aperture, be positioned over by watermelon rice shoot stem, slow releasing function can be played, it is to avoid dose is excessive to cause watermelon Excessive growth, while the active ingredient in ointment can effectively improve the cold tolerance of watermelon rice shoot, be further ensured that its photosynthesis and The intensity of respiration, reaches the effect for the fruit-setting rate for being further ensured that watermelon.By experiment, provided using the inventive method A kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure, the fruit-setting rate of watermelon when significantly improving watermelon florescence experience low temperature, while by this The watermelon substance that rice shoot after invention processing is grown improves more than 11%, mu than the watermelon substance grown after prior art processing Production improves more than 12%, substantially increases the economic well-being of workers and staff of planting household.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure, specifically includes following steps:
(1)Soil heat preservation processing
A according to the mass fraction, is crushed, the careless 30 parts of cleaning and choppings of toad after 10 parts of egg shell is dried, and is added after the two mixing 10 parts of lactobacillus bacterium solution, in co-fermentation under 35-40 DEG C of environment 150 minutes, obtains fermentation material;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 10 parts of dried poultrymanure, the uniform mixing of 40 parts of garden mould, obtains composite soil;
C is by the fermentation material, composite soil in mass ratio 1:After 800 mix thoroughly, Nutrition Soil is obtained;
The Nutrition Soil is buried in by watermelon stem at 15-20cm by D, burying depth 5-10cm, that is, completes soil heat preservation processing;
(2)Rice shoot topdresses processing
A according to the mass fraction, takes 15 parts of glycerine, 10 parts of vaseline, 5 parts of paraffin, 4 parts of soybean oil to be well mixed, obtains paste;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 100 times of 50% methyl α-naphthyl acetate, 100 parts of liquid, 100 times of 50% gibberellin, 100 parts of liquid, 1 part of borax, molybdic acid 1 part of ammonium, 5 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate, 5 parts of arginine, the uniform mixing of 5 parts of lysine, obtain medicament;
C is by the paste, medicament in mass ratio 5:1 mixing, is made ointment;
The ointment is used packaging plastic bags by D, per packed 20-25 grams of amount, then pricks 3-5 aperture with pin in polybag bottom Afterwards, it is positioned over by watermelon rice shoot stem, slow releasing function can be played, it is to avoid dose is excessive causes the excessive growth of watermelon, has simultaneously Effect improves the cold tolerance of watermelon rice shoot, it is ensured that the fruit-setting rate of watermelon;
(3)Daily management
Complete step(1), step(2)After the operation, artificial pollination is carried out by prior art.
Embodiment 2
A kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure, specifically includes following steps:
(1)Soil heat preservation processing
A according to the mass fraction, is crushed, the careless 35 parts of cleaning and choppings of toad after 15 parts of egg shell is dried, and is added after the two mixing 15 parts of lactobacillus bacterium solution, in co-fermentation under 35-40 DEG C of environment 180 minutes, obtains fermentation material;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 15 parts of dried poultrymanure, the uniform mixing of 45 parts of garden mould, obtains composite soil;
C is by the fermentation material, composite soil in mass ratio 1:After 800 mix thoroughly, Nutrition Soil is obtained;
The Nutrition Soil is buried in by watermelon stem at 15-20cm by D, burying depth 5-10cm, that is, completes soil heat preservation processing;
(2)Rice shoot topdresses processing
A according to the mass fraction, takes 20 parts of glycerine, 12 parts of vaseline, 8 parts of paraffin, 5 parts of soybean oil to be well mixed, obtains paste;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 100 times of 50% methyl α-naphthyl acetate, 120 parts of liquid, 100 times of 50% gibberellin, 120 parts of liquid, 2 parts of borax, molybdic acid 2 parts of ammonium, 8 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate, 8 parts of arginine, the uniform mixing of 8 parts of lysine, obtain medicament;
C is by the paste, medicament in mass ratio 5:1 mixing, is made ointment;
The ointment is used packaging plastic bags by D, per packed 20-25 grams of amount, then pricks 3-5 aperture with pin in polybag bottom Afterwards, it is positioned over by watermelon rice shoot stem, slow releasing function can be played, it is to avoid dose is excessive causes the excessive growth of watermelon, has simultaneously Effect improves the cold tolerance of watermelon rice shoot, it is ensured that the fruit-setting rate of watermelon;
(3)Daily management
Complete step(1), step(2)After the operation, artificial pollination is carried out by prior art.
Comparative example 1
This comparative example 1 compared with Example 1, without step(1)The operation, method and step all same in addition.
Comparative example 2
This comparative example 2 compared with Example 2, without step(2)The operation, method and step all same in addition.
Control group
Existing low temperature uses artificial pollination method.
Blank control group
The watermelon florescence does not meet low temperature
It is real using embodiment 1, embodiment 2, contrast to the watermelon in same kind, identical plot when meeting with low temperature at the watermelon florescence 5 kinds of methods progress remedial measure that example 1, comparative example 2, control group are provided is applied, many experiments, being averaged for watermelon of statistics is beared fruit Rate, average substance and average yield per mu, as a result such as table 1:
Table 1
Average fruit-setting rate(%) Average substance(kg) Average yield per mu(kg)
Embodiment 1 32 3.2 3424
Embodiment 2 31 3.1 3412
Comparative example 1 25 2.8 3111
Comparative example 2 26 2.9 3189
Control group 22 2.8 3028
Blank control group 39 3.4 3659
As shown in Table 1, a kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure provided using the inventive method, significantly improves the watermelon florescence The fruit-setting rate of watermelon when meeting with low temperature, while the watermelon substance that the rice shoot after present invention processing is grown is than prior art processing The watermelon substance grown afterwards improves more than 11%, and per mu yield improves more than 12%, substantially increases the economic well-being of workers and staff of planting household.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure, it is characterised in that specifically include following steps:
(1)Soil heat preservation processing
A according to the mass fraction, is crushed, toad 30-35 parts of cleaning and choppings of grass after 10-15 parts of egg shell is dried, and the two is mixed 10-15 parts of lactobacillus bacterium solution is added afterwards, in co-fermentation 150-180 minutes under 35-40 DEG C of environment, obtains fermentation material;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 10-15 parts of dried poultrymanure, the uniform mixing of 40-45 parts of garden mould, obtains composite soil;
C is by the fermentation material, composite soil in mass ratio 1:After 800 mix thoroughly, Nutrition Soil is obtained;
The Nutrition Soil is buried in by watermelon stem at 15-20cm by D, burying depth 5-10cm, that is, completes soil heat preservation processing;
(2)Rice shoot topdresses processing
A according to the mass fraction, takes 15-20 parts of glycerine, 10-12 parts of vaseline, 5-8 parts of paraffin, 4-5 parts of mixing of soybean oil equal It is even, obtain paste;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 100-120 parts of liquid of 100 times of 50% methyl α-naphthyl acetate, 100-120 parts of liquid of 100 times of 50% gibberellin, borax 1-2 parts, 1-2 parts of ammonium molybdate, 5-8 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate, 5-8 parts of arginine, the uniform mixing of 5-8 parts of lysine, obtain medicament;
C is by the paste, medicament in mass ratio 5:1 mixing, is made ointment;
The ointment is used packaging plastic bags by D, per packed 20-25 grams of amount, then pricks 3-5 aperture with pin in polybag bottom Afterwards, it is positioned over by watermelon rice shoot stem;
(3)Daily management
Complete step(1), step(2)After the operation, artificial pollination is carried out by prior art.
2. a kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(1)The nutrition Soil, is specifically made by following steps:
A according to the mass fraction, is crushed, the careless 35 parts of cleaning and choppings of toad after 15 parts of egg shell is dried, and is added after the two mixing 15 parts of lactobacillus bacterium solution, in co-fermentation under 35-40 DEG C of environment 180 minutes, obtains fermentation material;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 15 parts of dried poultrymanure, the uniform mixing of 45 parts of garden mould, obtains composite soil;
C is by the fermentation material, composite soil in mass ratio 1:After 800 mix thoroughly, produce.
3. a kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step(2)The ointment, Specifically it is made by following steps:
A according to the mass fraction, takes 20 parts of glycerine, 12 parts of vaseline, 8 parts of paraffin, 5 parts of soybean oil to be well mixed, obtains paste;
B according to the mass fraction, takes 100 times of 50% methyl α-naphthyl acetate, 120 parts of liquid, 100 times of 50% gibberellin, 120 parts of liquid, 2 parts of borax, molybdic acid 2 parts of ammonium, 8 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate, 8 parts of arginine, the uniform mixing of 8 parts of lysine, obtain medicament;
C is by the paste, medicament in mass ratio 5:1 mixing, is produced.
CN201710281610.7A 2017-04-26 2017-04-26 A kind of watermelon low temperature during flowering countermeasure Withdrawn CN106941924A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103875384A (en) * 2014-02-20 2014-06-25 北京市农业技术推广站 Efficient cultivation method for fine varieties of small watermelons
CN105580602A (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-05-18 于辉 Watermelon double-mulch cultivation novel technology
CN105917929A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-07 无锡市黄土塘西瓜专业合作社 Greenhouse planting method for watermelons

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103875384A (en) * 2014-02-20 2014-06-25 北京市农业技术推广站 Efficient cultivation method for fine varieties of small watermelons
CN105580602A (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-05-18 于辉 Watermelon double-mulch cultivation novel technology
CN105917929A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-07 无锡市黄土塘西瓜专业合作社 Greenhouse planting method for watermelons

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
中央电视台《农广天地》栏目组: "《化肥科学使用与无公害生物肥料》", 31 March 2009 *
黄碧琦: "《番茄栽培新技术》", 31 August 1996, 福建科学技术出版社 *

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Application publication date: 20170714