CN107517634A - A kind of fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content - Google Patents

A kind of fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107517634A
CN107517634A CN201710884517.5A CN201710884517A CN107517634A CN 107517634 A CN107517634 A CN 107517634A CN 201710884517 A CN201710884517 A CN 201710884517A CN 107517634 A CN107517634 A CN 107517634A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
hickory nut
functional component
component content
annual
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CN201710884517.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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任李建
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Jieshou City Rich Family Farm
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Jieshou City Rich Family Farm
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Priority to CN201710884517.5A priority Critical patent/CN107517634A/en
Publication of CN107517634A publication Critical patent/CN107517634A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to walnut technical field of cultivation, especially a kind of fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content, specific method is as follows:Decomposed manure 34 ~ 36kg/ strains are applied at the beginning of annual 12 months;Start root fertilizer liquid during annual rudiment, applied once every 35 ~ 37 Tiangengs afterwards, until starting to harvest;Annual florescence continuous foliage-spray citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution twice;Not only effective activation fertilizing soil, effectively strengthen its drought resisting anti-adversity ability, suppress the generation of biennial bearing of fruits phenomenon, effectively facilitate fast quick-recovery tree vigo(u)r after the fruit tree beginning of spring, fast-germination strengthens bud, good nutrition foundation is established for the high-yield high-quality of Second Year hickory nut, and effectively improve seat flower percentage of fertile fruit and sit and spend quality of bearing fruit, lift the activity of pollen, and then promote Fast back-projection algorithm and the accumulation of nutriment, the synthesis and accumulation of hickory nut functional component are especially greatly promoted, its healthy nutritive value is effectively improved and increases its yield.

Description

A kind of fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content
Technical field
The invention belongs to walnut technical field of cultivation, especially a kind of fertilising side for improving hickory nut functional component content Method.
Background technology
Hickory nut is the distinctive woody oleiferous plants crop in China, and its kernel is crispy and delicious, nutritious, have nutrition, health care, Beauty, it is medicinal the effect of, the main producing region of hickory nut in the temmoku mountain area on Zhejiang Anhui border, center producing region be Linan prosperousization area, Hickory nut income proportion shared in local farmers total income for the household continues to increase, and cultivated area and yield are also increasing year by year Add;The cultivation step etc. of the ecological habit of hickory nut, distributed areas, growth result, high and stable yield is ground in China Study carefully, and the research lifted to the functional component content of hickory nut is very few, so that the healthy nutritive value of hickory nut obtains always Less than lifting;Therefore, the development that a kind of method for improving hickory nut functional component content can be hickory nut industry is invented to bring Breakthrough progress.
The content of the invention
A kind of in view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention is intended to provide fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content, specific method are as follows:
Decomposed manure 34 ~ 36kg/ strains are applied at the beginning of annual 12 months;Start root fertilizer liquid during annual rudiment, afterwards every 35 ~ 37 days Root is applied once, until starting to harvest;Annual florescence continuous foliage-spray citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution twice;
Described decomposed manure, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:260 ~ 280 parts of horsehit, 120 ~ 140 parts of pig manure, marine alga 12 ~ 14 parts, 44 ~ 48 parts of peanut shell, 35 ~ 37 parts of molasses, 90 ~ 100 parts of sesame seed meal, 2.2 ~ 2.6 parts of humic acid potassium;
Described solution, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:5.5 ~ 5.9 parts of calcium superphosphate, 3.7 ~ 4.1 parts of urea, sulfuric acid are sub- 0.9 ~ 1.1 part of iron, 0.7 ~ 0.8 part of citric acid Chelated Manganese, 0.7 ~ 0.8 part of borax, 0.21 ~ 0.23 part of vitamin A, momordica grosvenori polysaccharide 0.12 ~ 0.14 part, 460 ~ 480 parts of water.
As the further scheme of invention:The preparation method of described decomposed manure, specifically includes following steps:
(1)By marine alga, peanut shell and sesame seed meal co-grinding, insert constant temperature steam under conditions of temperature is 290 ~ 300 DEG C and handle 30 ~ 35min, it is that 140 ~ 150 DEG C of continuation constant temperature steams handle 15 ~ 20min then to adjust temperature, takes out, obtains dregs of rice shell algae;
(2)By horsehit and pig manure co-grinding, insert constant temperature in the baking oven that temperature is 70 ~ 75 DEG C and toast 15 ~ 20min, take out, with Molasses and dregs of rice shell algae are well mixed, and adjustment water content is 42% ~ 46%, insert fermentation 13 ~ 15 under conditions of temperature is 43 ~ 47 DEG C My god, add humic acid potassium and be well mixed, obtain decomposed manure.
As the further scheme of invention:Described citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution, is prepared according to the following steps:Will The citric acid chelated zinc of 1.3 ~ 1.5 parts by weight and the brahmic acid of 0.34 ~ 0.38 parts by weight put into 960 ~ 980 parts by weight Go to mix in ionized water and be completely dissolved, obtained citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution.
As the further scheme of invention:Described lemon acid chelated zinc nutrient solution, each foliage-spray amount be 680 ~ 700mL/ strains.
As the further scheme of invention:Described solution, each root amount of applying are 2700 ~ 2800mL/ strains.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:A kind of fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content provided by the invention, enters When winter, the decomposed manure of the present invention is applied, not only effective activation fertilizing soil, effectively strengthens its drought resisting anti-adversity ability, suppression The generation of biennial bearing of fruits phenomenon processed, and fast quick-recovery tree vigo(u)r after the fruit tree beginning of spring can be effectively facilitated, fast-germination strengthens bud, is The high-yield high-quality of Second Year hickory nut establishes good nutrition foundation;Root fertilizer liquid combination Spraying in the flowering stage citric acid chelates after rudiment Zinc nutrition liquid, the cytoactive of tree body is effectively lifted, strengthen its Absorption And Transportation ability to nutrient, improved and sit flower percentage of fertile fruit and seat Flower is beared fruit quality, lifts the activity of pollen, and then promotes Fast back-projection algorithm and the accumulation of nutriment, especially greatly promotes hickory nut The synthesis and accumulation of functional component, effectively improve its healthy nutritive value and increase its yield.
Embodiment
Illustrate the present invention with specific embodiment below, but be not limitation of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content, specific method is as follows:
Decomposed manure 34kg/ strains are applied at the beginning of annual 12 months;Start root fertilizer liquid during annual rudiment, afterwards every 35 ~ 37 Tiangengs Apply once, until starting to harvest;Annual florescence continuous foliage-spray citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution twice;
Described decomposed manure, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:260 parts of horsehit, 120 parts of pig manure, 12 parts of marine alga, peanut 44 parts of shell, 35 parts of molasses, 90 parts of sesame seed meal, 2.2 parts of humic acid potassium;
Described solution, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:5.5 parts of calcium superphosphate, 3.7 parts of urea, 0.9 part of ferrous sulfate, 0.7 part of citric acid Chelated Manganese, 0.7 part of borax, 0.21 part of vitamin A, 0.12 part of momordica grosvenori polysaccharide, 460 parts of water.
As the further scheme of invention:The preparation method of described decomposed manure, specifically includes following steps:
(1)By marine alga, peanut shell and sesame seed meal co-grinding, insert constant temperature steam under conditions of temperature is 290 DEG C and handle 30min, it is that 140 DEG C of continuation constant temperature steams handle 15min then to adjust temperature, takes out, obtains dregs of rice shell algae;
(2)By horsehit and pig manure co-grinding, insert constant temperature in the baking oven that temperature is 70 DEG C and toast 15min, take out, with molasses and Dregs of rice shell algae is well mixed, and adjustment water content is 42%, inserts under conditions of temperature is 43 DEG C and ferments 13 days, adds humic acid potassium and mix Close uniformly, obtain decomposed manure.
As the further scheme of invention:Described citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution, is prepared according to the following steps:Will The citric acid chelated zincs of 1.3 parts by weight and the brahmic acid of 0.34 parts by weight put into having gone in ionized water of 960 parts by weight Mix to and be completely dissolved, obtain citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution.
As the further scheme of invention:Described lemon acid chelated zinc nutrient solution, each foliage-spray amount are 680mL/ Strain.
As the further scheme of invention:Described solution, each root amount of applying are 2700mL/ strains.
Embodiment 2
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content, specific method is as follows:
Decomposed manure 35kg/ strains are applied at the beginning of annual 12 months;Start root fertilizer liquid during annual rudiment, afterwards every 35 ~ 37 Tiangengs Apply once, until starting to harvest;Annual florescence continuous foliage-spray citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution twice;
Described decomposed manure, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:270 parts of horsehit, 130 parts of pig manure, 13 parts of marine alga, peanut 46 parts of shell, 36 parts of molasses, 95 parts of sesame seed meal, 2.4 parts of humic acid potassium;
Described solution, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:5.7 parts of calcium superphosphate, 3.9 parts of urea, 1 part of ferrous sulfate, lemon 0.75 part of lemon acid Chelated Manganese, 0.75 part of borax, 0.22 part of vitamin A, 0.13 part of momordica grosvenori polysaccharide, 470 parts of water.
As the further scheme of invention:The preparation method of described decomposed manure, specifically includes following steps:
(1)By marine alga, peanut shell and sesame seed meal co-grinding, insert constant temperature steam under conditions of temperature is 295 DEG C and handle 33min, it is that 145 DEG C of continuation constant temperature steams handle 18min then to adjust temperature, takes out, obtains dregs of rice shell algae;
(2)By horsehit and pig manure co-grinding, insert constant temperature in the baking oven that temperature is 73 DEG C and toast 18min, take out, with molasses and Dregs of rice shell algae is well mixed, and adjustment water content is 44%, inserts under conditions of temperature is 45 DEG C and ferments 14 days, adds humic acid potassium and mix Close uniformly, obtain decomposed manure.
As the further scheme of invention:Described citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution, is prepared according to the following steps:Will The citric acid chelated zincs of 1.4 parts by weight and the brahmic acid of 0.36 parts by weight put into having gone in ionized water of 970 parts by weight Mix to and be completely dissolved, obtain citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution.
As the further scheme of invention:Described lemon acid chelated zinc nutrient solution, each foliage-spray amount are 690mL/ Strain.
As the further scheme of invention:Described solution, each root amount of applying are 2750mL/ strains.
Embodiment 3
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content, specific method is as follows:
Decomposed manure 36kg/ strains are applied at the beginning of annual 12 months;Start root fertilizer liquid during annual rudiment, afterwards every 35 ~ 37 Tiangengs Apply once, until starting to harvest;Annual florescence continuous foliage-spray citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution twice;
Described decomposed manure, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:280 parts of horsehit, 140 parts of pig manure, 14 parts of marine alga, peanut 48 parts of shell, 37 parts of molasses, 100 parts of sesame seed meal, 2.6 parts of humic acid potassium;
Described solution, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:5.9 parts of calcium superphosphate, 4.1 parts of urea, 1.1 parts of ferrous sulfate, 0.8 part of citric acid Chelated Manganese, 0.8 part of borax, 0.23 part of vitamin A, 0.14 part of momordica grosvenori polysaccharide, 480 parts of water.
As the further scheme of invention:The preparation method of described decomposed manure, specifically includes following steps:
(1)By marine alga, peanut shell and sesame seed meal co-grinding, insert constant temperature steam under conditions of temperature is 300 DEG C and handle 35min, it is that 150 DEG C of continuation constant temperature steams handle 20min then to adjust temperature, takes out, obtains dregs of rice shell algae;
(2)By horsehit and pig manure co-grinding, insert constant temperature in the baking oven that temperature is 75 DEG C and toast 20min, take out, with molasses and Dregs of rice shell algae is well mixed, and adjustment water content is 46%, inserts under conditions of temperature is 47 DEG C and ferments 15 days, adds humic acid potassium and mix Close uniformly, obtain decomposed manure.
As the further scheme of invention:Described citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution, is prepared according to the following steps:Will The citric acid chelated zincs of 1.5 parts by weight and the brahmic acid of 0.38 parts by weight put into having gone in ionized water of 980 parts by weight Mix to and be completely dissolved, obtain citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution.
As the further scheme of invention:Described lemon acid chelated zinc nutrient solution, each foliage-spray amount are 700mL/ Strain.
As the further scheme of invention:Described solution, each root amount of applying are 2800mL/ strains.
Comparative example
The common fertilizing method of the hickory nut of prior art
Using the fertilizing method of embodiment and the fertilizing method of comparative example Anhui Province is got rich home farm plant 8 mu of lifes in 8 years Prosperousization hickory nut carries out fertilizer treatment, is equally divided into 4 groups, every group 2 mu, in addition to fertilizing method is different, other conditions all same, adopts Total phenol content, flavones content, dietary fiber content and the lecithin content of hickory nut are detected after fruit, as a result such as table 1:
The comparing result of the embodiment of table 1 and comparative example
Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Comparative example
Total phenol content(%) 4.93 4.96 4.98 2.86
Flavones content(%) 1.94 1.98 1.92 0.85
Dietary fiber content(%) 12.74 12.70 12.67 7.32
Lecithin content(%) 9.85 9.93 9.89 5.56
Rate of growth(%) 36.05 36.41 36.78 ——
As it can be seen from table 1 the fertilizing method of the present invention is not only able to the functional component content of effectively lifting hickory nut, it is lifted Healthy nutritive value, and its yield can be dramatically increased, increase the economic benefit of planting household.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content, it is characterised in that specific method is as follows:
Decomposed manure 34 ~ 36kg/ strains are applied at the beginning of annual 12 months;Start root fertilizer liquid during annual rudiment, afterwards every 35 ~ 37 days Root is applied once, until starting to harvest;Annual florescence continuous foliage-spray citric acid chelated zinc nutrient solution twice;
Described decomposed manure, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:260 ~ 280 parts of horsehit, 120 ~ 140 parts of pig manure, marine alga 12 ~ 14 parts, 44 ~ 48 parts of peanut shell, 35 ~ 37 parts of molasses, 90 ~ 100 parts of sesame seed meal, 2.2 ~ 2.6 parts of humic acid potassium;
Described solution, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:5.5 ~ 5.9 parts of calcium superphosphate, 3.7 ~ 4.1 parts of urea, sulfuric acid are sub- 0.9 ~ 1.1 part of iron, 0.7 ~ 0.8 part of citric acid Chelated Manganese, 0.7 ~ 0.8 part of borax, 0.21 ~ 0.23 part of vitamin A, momordica grosvenori polysaccharide 0.12 ~ 0.14 part, 460 ~ 480 parts of water.
2. the fertilizing method according to claim 1 for improving hickory nut functional component content, it is characterised in that described corruption The preparation method of ripe organic fertilizer, specifically includes following steps:
(1)By marine alga, peanut shell and sesame seed meal co-grinding, insert constant temperature steam under conditions of temperature is 290 ~ 300 DEG C and handle 30 ~ 35min, it is that 140 ~ 150 DEG C of continuation constant temperature steams handle 15 ~ 20min then to adjust temperature, takes out, obtains dregs of rice shell algae;
(2)By horsehit and pig manure co-grinding, insert constant temperature in the baking oven that temperature is 70 ~ 75 DEG C and toast 15 ~ 20min, take out, with Molasses and dregs of rice shell algae are well mixed, and adjustment water content is 42% ~ 46%, insert fermentation 13 ~ 15 under conditions of temperature is 43 ~ 47 DEG C My god, add humic acid potassium and be well mixed, obtain decomposed manure.
3. the fertilizing method according to claim 1 for improving hickory nut functional component content, it is characterised in that described lemon Lemon acid chelated zinc nutrient solution, is prepared according to the following steps:By the citric acid chelated zinc of 1.3 ~ 1.5 parts by weight and 0.34 ~ 0.38 The brahmic acids of parts by weight puts into having gone to mix in ionized water and being completely dissolved for 960 ~ 980 parts by weight, obtains lemon Sour chelated zinc nutrient solution.
4. the fertilizing method of the raising hickory nut functional component content according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that described Lemon acid chelated zinc nutrient solution, each foliage-spray amount is 680 ~ 700mL/ strains.
5. the fertilizing method according to claim 1 for improving hickory nut functional component content, it is characterised in that described fertilizer Liquid, each root amount of applying are 2700 ~ 2800mL/ strains.
CN201710884517.5A 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 A kind of fertilizing method for improving hickory nut functional component content Pending CN107517634A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109076763A (en) * 2018-08-22 2018-12-25 太和县乐民现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of pear tree fertilizing method improving pears nutritional quality
CN109121624A (en) * 2018-08-07 2019-01-04 朱修伍 A kind of fertilizing method improving peanut quality

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105248029A (en) * 2015-09-21 2016-01-20 江苏农林职业技术学院 Fertilizing method of Carya illinoensis trees
CN107135766A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-09-08 蚌埠市涂山绿园蔬菜科研专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of high-yield high-quality mung bean

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105248029A (en) * 2015-09-21 2016-01-20 江苏农林职业技术学院 Fertilizing method of Carya illinoensis trees
CN107135766A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-09-08 蚌埠市涂山绿园蔬菜科研专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of high-yield high-quality mung bean

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109121624A (en) * 2018-08-07 2019-01-04 朱修伍 A kind of fertilizing method improving peanut quality
CN109076763A (en) * 2018-08-22 2018-12-25 太和县乐民现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of pear tree fertilizing method improving pears nutritional quality

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