CN105418220A - Specific insecticide-fertilizer package for jinxiang garlic high-yield cultivation and application method thereof - Google Patents

Specific insecticide-fertilizer package for jinxiang garlic high-yield cultivation and application method thereof Download PDF

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CN105418220A
CN105418220A CN201510863085.0A CN201510863085A CN105418220A CN 105418220 A CN105418220 A CN 105418220A CN 201510863085 A CN201510863085 A CN 201510863085A CN 105418220 A CN105418220 A CN 105418220A
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fertilizer
garlic
mass parts
medicine
fertile
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张西兴
侯文通
姜振升
刘振香
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HEZE JINZHENGDA ECO-ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Kingenta Ecological Engineering Group Co Ltd
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HEZE JINZHENGDA ECO-ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Kingenta Ecological Engineering Group Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/04Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom
    • A01N43/22Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom rings with more than six members
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/36Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C11/00Other nitrogenous fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • C05D1/02Manufacture from potassium chloride or sulfate or double or mixed salts thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

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Abstract

The invention discloses a specific insecticide-fertilizer package for jinxiang garlic high-yield cultivation and an application method thereof. The insecticide-fertilizer package is prepared from the following components in parts by mass: 151-353 parts of basic insecticide-fertilizer, 0.1-0.2 part of seed dressing insecticide, 3-7 parts of strong seedling insecticide, 5-9 parts of bolting fertilizer and 5-10 parts of garlic expanding insecticide. The invention further provides an application method of the specific insecticide-fertilizer package. The specific insecticide-fertilizer package for jinxiang garlic high-yield cultivation can be used for reducing occurrence of diseases and insect pests and improving the garlic quality, and the yield of young garlic shoots and the yield of garlic are respectively increased by 5.8-13.7 percent and 16.4-32.3 percent in comparison with those of a conventional cultivation management mode.

Description

The special set meal medicine fertilizer of a kind of Jinxiang garlic high-yield culturing and application process thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of vegetable cultivation, particularly the special set meal medicine fertilizer of a kind of Jinxiang garlic high-yield culturing and application process thereof.
Background technology
Garlic belongs to Liliaceae allium, nutritious, the allicin not only containing tool germicidal action, and its contained " garlic amine " is better than vitamins B several times to the benefit of brain.The Garlic Growth phase has three important stages, i.e. the garlic bolt in seedling stage, the growth garlic stems in mid-term, the head of garlic in ripening stage, and each stage product can be gathered sale as product.The producer according to weather condition then, crop growth conditions and market conditions, can gather flexibly, so can evade Planting risk, realize maximum revenue.
Jinxiang garlic is the white skin garlic that Jining of Shandong Province Jinxiang County is introduced by Russia, and the head of garlic is large, garlic shape is straight, and not easily lobe splits, and fibre content is low, and delicate mouthfeel, crisp, fragrant and pleasant to taste, pungent is pure.The high nutritive value of Jinxiang garlic, VITMAIN B1 content comparatively other producing regions height 2-4 times, contained by it, also the first in the world is belonged to the diallyl monosulphide content that cancer has a good preventive and therapeutic action, be called best natural antibiotics product and protective foods by expert.The average annual output of Jinxiang garlic about 1,000,000 tons, export volume accounts for the whole nation more than 70%, at home and abroad market enjoys great popularity.Through the garlic cultivation of more than 20 years, the cultivation technique of China Jinxiang garlic was gradually improved, and define the cultivation management system that a whole set of is complete, per mu yield is stabilized in 1000-1500 kilogram.But because continuous cropping is year after year punished for being related to, the production of Jinxiang garlic faces many problems now.Continuous cropping continuous cropping causes obstacle of being punished for being related to, and shows as Garlic Growth potential difference, plant early ageing, occurs nutritional deficiency symptom, and field diseases is serious, and yield and quality declines.In addition due to the reason of garlic self and the problem of mismanagement, also can cause garlic kind sexual involution, showing as the ratio that plant downgrades thin and delicate, valvula garlic and single clove garlic increases, and causes output lower.
Research finds, applying fertilizers scientifically is the effective measure overcoming be punished for being related to obstacle and kind sexual involution.Reasonable applying organic manure and medium trace element fertilizer, can improve Soil structure, supplement the nutrient owes lacks of garlic, promote Garlic Growth, thus overcome be punished for being related to obstacle and kind sexual involution.In addition, the different growing stages of garlic is tended to infect different diseases, such as, garlic seedling stage, the leaves and stems diseases such as cauline leaf is in vegetative period, and easy infection leaf blight, rust staining are sick; For another example, head of garlic expanding stage, the head of garlic grows up to, and easily attracts soil garlic maggot.Therefore, at several Critical growing periods of garlic, while supplementing nutrient, the sterilant of the targeted preventive effect of compounding application and/or sterilant, can prevent and treat garlic disease and pest efficiently, improves the yield and quality of crop.But, still lacking for preventing and treating garlic disease and pest at present, promoting the special set meal medicine fertilizer technology of garlic high yield.
At present, the prior art about garlic fertilizer is a lot.As: Chinese patent document CN102020497A discloses a kind of special organic-inorganic fertilizer for Jinxiang garlic, this fertilizer is by dregs of fat acid hydrolysate and urea element, diammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, zinc sulfate and ferrous sulfate are accurately composite makes, organic and inorganic fertilizer collocation rationally, be applicable to the nutrient requirement characteristics of Jinxiang garlic producing region edaphic condition and Jinxiang garlic, disposable employed during garlic sowing in autumn, the yield and quality of garlic can be improved.Chinese patent document CN103733856A discloses a kind of garlic high-yield cultivation method, the method contains from garlic seed selection, intensive cultivation bulk application, seed dressing, plantation rupture of membranes, to garlic a series of relevant concrete cultivation in the time of infertility and control measures such as field management, wherein, use for fertilizer in field management is also very comprehensive, organic and inorganic fertilizer combines to join and executes, and also added the multiple targeted agent with garlic disease preventive effect.After using this fertilizer, Garlic yield can be significantly improved.
But above-mentioned patent document is Shortcomings part also.For example: in patent document CN102020497A, fertilizer used only has the function of nutrition crop, does not have effect of controlling plant diseases, does not reach ideal effect for the continuous cropping obstacle alleviating Jinxiang garlic.Again for example, in Chinese patent document CN103733856A, although the collocation of inorganic-organic nutrient comprehensively, but not containing the medicament killing pathogenic soil microorganism, the link of soil treatment is lacked before garlic sowing, be unfavorable for controlling early stage garlic disease, also can reduce the effect of Garlic Growth later stage disease control, especially all the more so to continuous cropping excessive soil of being punished for being related to.In addition, in the management process of its Garlic Growth animated period, use difenoconazole and dimethomorph to carry out foliage-spray, execute although two kinds of fungicidal medicaments are joined mutually, the selection pressure reducing disease can be played, slow down the effect that fungi resistance produces, but lack the medicament of other types in this formula, and this period, the prosperous length of garlic stems, being the diseases such as bacterial soft rot, garlic root knot nematode, garlic maggot multiple period, is also the critical period of disease control.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem of above-mentioned prior art, the invention provides the special set meal medicine fertilizer of a kind of Jinxiang garlic high-yield culturing and application process thereof.Science provides Jinxiang Garlic Growth each cycle nutrition, and prevention and the improvement problem that disease and pest is serious in the cultivation of Jinxiang garlic, improve the output of garlic stems and the head of garlic, reduce the possibility of be punished for being related to obstacle and garlic kind sexual involution.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of Jinxiang special set meal medicine of garlic high-yield culturing is fertile, in mass parts, comprises basic medicine fertilizer 151 ~ 353 parts, seed dressing medicament 0.1 ~ 0.2 part, strong sprout medicine fertilizer 3 ~ 7 parts, bolting fertilizer 5 ~ 8 parts, the head of garlic expands medicine fertilizer 6 ~ 9 parts.
Described basic medicine fertilizer comprises following raw material: potassium sulfate compound fertilizer 50 ~ 100 mass parts, humic acid organic fertilizer 50 ~ 150 mass parts, soil conditioner 50 ~ 100 mass parts, Volaton 0.25 ~ 0.75 mass parts, Avrmectin 0.1 ~ 0.2 mass parts, would rather Wettable Powder 0.8 ~ 1.2 mass parts more than 77%;
According to the present invention, preferably, in described basic medicine fertilizer, N, P in described potassium sulfate compound fertilizer 2o 5, K 2the mass percent of O content is respectively 18%, 18%, 18%, and containing 2% humic acid; Described humic acid organic fertilizer is activation peat, wherein, has machine matter containing amount≤70%, total humic acid content≤50%; Described soil conditioner is silico-calcium potassic-magnesian fertilizer, and the mass percent of contained nutrient is: containing SiO 220% ~ 32%, containing CaO20% ~ 30%, containing K 2o4% ~ 6%, containing MgO4% ~ 5%; Volaton selects 40% Volaton aqua, or 40% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate; Avrmectin is 1.8% Avrmectin wettable powder, or 1.8% avermectin micro-emulsion, or 1.8% abamectin emulsifiable concentrate.
Described seed dressing medicament comprises following raw material: 0.1 ~ 0.15 mass parts time suitable happy, likes to increase U.S. 0.01 ~ 0.02 mass parts;
According to the present invention, preferably, in described seed dressing medicament, suitable happy time and effective constituent be the suspension seed-coating agent of 2.5% fludioxonil; Described like to increase beautiful for effective constituent be the aqua of 0.003% propionyl rapin.
Described strong sprout, medicine fertilizer comprised following raw material: iprodione 0.066 ~ 0.1 mass parts, moderate-element foliage fertilizer 0.05 ~ 0.1 mass parts, amino-acid nutrition liquid 3 ~ 6 mass parts, triflumuron 0.1 ~ 0.3 mass parts, Volaton 0.4 ~ 0.5 mass parts;
According to the present invention, preferably, in described strong sprout medicine fertilizer, iprodione selects 50% wettable powder; The nutrient content mass percent of moderate-element foliage fertilizer is: calcium 12% ~ 20%, magnesium 1.5% ~ 2.5%, trace element (iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron) 0.2 ~ 1%; Wherein, iron, zinc, manganese, copper are EDTA Chelating state; The nutrient content mass percent of moderate-element foliage fertilizer of the present invention is all identical with the moderate-element foliage fertilizer in strong sprout medicine fertilizer; Amino-acid nutrition liquid concentration is 100g/L; Triflumuron selects 5% triflumuron suspension agent; Volaton selects 40% Volaton aqua, or 40% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate.
Described bolting fertilizer comprises following raw material: microelement foliage fertilizer 0.05 ~ 0.1 mass parts, moderate-element foliage fertilizer 0.05 ~ 0.1 mass parts, balanced type Water soluble fertilizer 5 ~ 8 mass parts;
According to the present invention, preferably, in described bolting fertilizer, the nutrient content mass percent of described microelement foliage fertilizer is: iron 0.9% ~ 1%, zinc 0.55% ~ 0.6%, manganese 0.9% ~ 1%, boron 0.9% ~ 1.25%, and copper 0.2 ~ 0.4% forms; Wherein, iron, zinc, manganese, copper are EDTA Chelating state.All fertile with the bolting medium trace element foliage fertilizer of microelement foliage fertilizer nutrient content mass percent of the present invention is identical.
According to the present invention, preferably, in described bolting fertilizer, the formula of balanced type Water soluble fertilizer is 20-20-20+TE, and the mass percent of contained nutrient is: N20%, P 2o 520%, K 2o20%, EDTA-chelating Fe, M, Cu, Zn, Mo, B Han Liang≤0.5%.
The described head of garlic expands medicine fertilizer and comprises following raw material: microelement foliage fertilizer 0.05 ~ 0.1 mass parts, moderate-element foliage fertilizer 0.05 ~ 0.1 mass parts, high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer 5 ~ 8 mass parts, Volaton 0.8 ~ 1.2 mass parts;
According to the present invention, preferably, the described head of garlic expands in medicine fertilizer, and the formula of described high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer is 16-8-34+TE, and the mass percent of contained nutrient is: containing N16%, P 2o 58%, K 2o34%, EDTA-chelating Fe, M, Cu, Zn, Mo, B Han Liang≤0.5%; Octyl sulfate is 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate.
Fertilizer used in the present invention and agricultural chemicals are conventional commercial product.Wherein, would rather Wettable Powder, 40% Volaton aqua more than 77%, or 40% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate, 1.8% Avrmectin wettable powder, or 1.8% avermectin micro-emulsion, or 1.8% abamectin emulsifiable concentrate; The medicaments such as 50% iprodione wettable powder, 5% triflumuron suspension agent are commercially available prod formulation, i.e. name of product.
The present invention also provides the application process of a kind of Jinxiang garlic high-yield culturing special set meal medicine fertilizer, comprises the steps:
(1) the using of basic medicine fertilizer
Before arable land, described potassium sulfate compound fertilizer, humic acid organic fertilizer and soil conditioner are evenly spread fertilizer over the fields in soil surface, turns over and bury; Before revolving ground, Volaton and Avrmectin are watered 2 mass parts, mix fine earth 50 mass parts and spread fertilizer over the fields, and Wettable Powder would rather mix fine earth 50 mass parts and spread fertilizer over the fields more than 77%; Basis medicine fertile amount of application 151 ~ 353kg/ mu;
(2) to dress seed the using of medicament
By described suitable happy time add and like that increasing U.S.A is watered 2.5 mass parts seed dressings, seed dressing pharmacy application amount 0.1 ~ 0.2kg/ mu;
(3) the using of medicine fertilizer in strong sprout
After emerging, 50% iprodione wettable powder, 1500 times of liquid described in foliage-spray and moderate-element foliage fertilizer 800 times of liquid; After ground temperature is greater than 15 DEG C, according to soil humidity, water once permeable, execute described amino-acid nutrition liquid, triflumuron and Volaton with water punching for every mu; Medicine in strong sprout fertile amount of application 3 ~ 7kg/ mu;
(4) the using of bolting fertilizer
Microelement foliage fertilizer described in foliage-spray and moderate-element foliage fertilizer 800 times of liquid 1 ~ 2 time; Water once permeable after garlic stems is full to the brim again, execute described balanced type Water soluble fertilizer in conjunction with punching of watering; Bolting fertile amount of application 5 ~ 8kg/ mu;
(5) head of garlic expands using of medicine fertilizer
Water once permeable after bolting again, in conjunction with watering, described high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer and Volaton are executed in punching; In this period, spray microelement foliage fertilizer and moderate-element foliage fertilizer 800 times of liquid 1 ~ 2 time; The head of garlic expands medicine fertile amount of application 6 ~ 9kg/ mu.
Principle of the present invention:
Fertilizer in above-mentioned basic medicine fertilizer, can improve soil organic matter content, increases soil permeability, increases garlic water suction fertilizer-sucting performance, and containing the fertilizer of humic acid composition, can activating soil nutrient, improves garlic growing way and promotes garlic resistance against diseases; Enrich soil conditioner, Soil structure and potential of hydrogen can be regulated, supplement the medium trace element needed for Garlic Growth; Volaton, for preventing and treating subterranean pest-insect, easily decomposes under light, and Avrmectin is insecticides, miticides and nematicide agent; easily be decomposed by the microorganisms, and be how rather a kind of protective fungicide, be used in fungi or Micobial Disease occur before or their early stage; sterilizing power is strong, and drug effect reaches 15 days, and noresidue.Add more than 77% to use by medicine fertilizer based on Wettable Powder, can prevent and treat and contaminate garlic kind by the residual body of cause of disease still unputrefied in soil and the prosperous garlic bacterial soft rot multiple for a long time of garlic bolt that causes.Above three kinds of dissimilar insecticidal bactericides all have low toxicity, eco-friendly characteristic, join and execute process soil, can kill pathogenic agent residual in soil, effectively control underground pests and garlic disease.
Belong to hypotoxic pyroles broad spectrum type sterilant during suitable happy in above-mentioned seed dressing medicament, various crop kind can be prevented and treated and pass and silborne fungal diseases; Like to increase and beautiful to rue tire element lactone hormone for holding effect, there is the effect of flower and fruit protecting and raising crop anti-adversity, be valid up to 15 days, and have no side effect.These two kinds of medicaments are joined and are executed, and can not only kill the germ that garlic kind itself is carried, and postpone disease time of origin, can also improve percentage of germination, promote that seedling is neat, Miao Zhuan.
Iprodione wettable powder in above-mentioned strong sprout medicine fertilizer effectively prevents and treats garlic leaf blight, and effect is better than other mycocides such as derosal, Sukeling, and toxicity is lower.Garlic bolt vegetative period in next year, with heavy rainfall, with 5% iprodione wettable powder and microelement foliage fertilizer compounding application, garlic photosynthesis can be increased, prevent and treat the base of leaf such as leaf blight, rust portion disease.Triflumuron is benzoyl area kind broad spectrum type sterilant, and the drug effect phase reaches 30 days, coordinates amino-acid nutrition liquid to rush together with Volaton and executes, can promote root system development, avoid or alleviate dry sharp yellow leaf phenomenon, the harm of control garlic maggot.
In above-mentioned bolting fertilizer, trace element, moderate-element foliage fertilizer and balanced type punching fertilising compounding application, can supplement nutrient all sidedly fast, promotion Garlic Growth, garlic stems go on the market in advance.
The above-mentioned head of garlic expands the high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer in medicine fertilizer, can prevent early ageing, promotes that the head of garlic expands; 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate can be prevented and treated garlic maggot and again endanger; Microelement foliage fertilizer and moderate-element foliage fertilizer can supplement the head of garlic fast and expand required trace and macroelement.
Described method is ordinary method if no special instructions.Described starting material all can obtain from open commercial sources if no special instructions.
The beneficial effect that technical scheme provided by the invention is brought is:
1. set meal provided by the invention is fertile, in garlic different growing, according to the feature that disease occurs, by controlling object and the different sterilant of prevention effect and sterilant reasonably combined, while meeting Garlic Growth nutritional needs, effective generation having prevented and treated garlic disease and pest, and then add the output of garlic.After using set meal fertilizer provided by the invention, garlic stems output and head of garlic output improve 5.8% ~ 13.7% and 16.4% ~ 32.3% respectively than conventional cultivation way to manage.
2. the fat material reasonable ratio of set meal provided by the invention, contain a large amount of organic and medium trace element, a large amount of nutrients taken away after supplementing garlic bolting in time, effectively overcome the obstacle of being punished for being related to of garlic, and reduce the possibility of garlic good strains of seeds degeneration.
Embodiment
For making the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearly, below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
To test at the beginning of 2014 10 months ~ next year carries out in ox head village of Jining City in Shandong Province Jinxiang County by the end of May.Experiment is divided into 4 to process community, and the repetition of 3, each community, plot area is 45m 2.At the beginning of 5 months next years of Garlic Growth, garlic stems extracts leaf sheath out, and when starting to get rid of curved, garlic stems of gathering; Mid or late May next year, namely garlic stems gather after 15 ~ 20 days, blade is mostly withered, and upper blade fades into greyish-green, and blade tip dries up sagging, and false stem is in soft condition, now gathers in the crops the head of garlic.After garlic stems and head of garlic results, measure each embodiment and comparative example cell production.
In following examples, middle N, P of described potassium sulfate compound fertilizer 2o 5, K 2the mass percent of O content is respectively 18%, 18%, 18%, and containing 2% humic acid; Described humic acid organic fertilizer is activation peat, has machine matter containing amount≤70%, total humic acid content≤50%; Described soil conditioner is silico-calcium potassic-magnesian fertilizer, and the mass percent of contained nutrient is: containing SiO 220% ~ 32%, containing CaO20% ~ 30%, containing K 2o4% ~ 6%, containing MgO4% ~ 5%; The nutrient content mass percent of microelement foliage fertilizer is: iron 0.9% ~ 1%, zinc 0.55% ~ 0.6%, manganese 0.9% ~ 1%, boron 0.9% ~ 1.25%, and copper 0.2 ~ 0.4% forms; Wherein, iron, zinc, manganese, copper are EDTA Chelating state; The nutrient content mass percent of moderate-element foliage fertilizer is: CaO12% ~ 20%, MgO1.5% ~ 2.5%, trace element (iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron) 0.2 ~ 1%; Wherein, iron, zinc, manganese, copper are EDTA Chelating state; The formula of balanced type Water soluble fertilizer is 20-20-20+TE, and the mass percent of contained nutrient is: containing N20%, containing P 2o 520%, containing K 2o20%, EDTA-chelating Fe, M, Cu, Zn, Mo, B Han Liang≤0.5%; The formula of high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer is 16-8-34+TE, and the mass percent of contained nutrient is: containing N16%, containing P 2o 58%, containing K 2o34%, EDTA-chelating Fe, M, Cu, Zn, Mo, B Han Liang≤0.5%.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of Jinxiang special set meal of garlic high-yield culturing is fertile, and every mu of consumption comprises the fertile 231.7kg of basic medicine, seed dressing medicament 0.11kg, the fertile 5.8kg of medicine in strong sprout, the fertile 5.1kg of bolting, and the head of garlic expands the fertile 6.1kg of medicine.
Wherein,
Basis medicine fertilizer comprises potassium sulfate compound fertilizer 80kg, humic acid organic fertilizer 100kg and silico-calcium magnesium phosphor potassium fertilizer 50kg, 40% Volaton aqua 500g, 1.8% Avrmectin wettable powder 150g, would rather Wettable Powder 1kg more than 77%;
Seed dressing medicament comprise suitable happy time suspension seed-coating agent 100g and 10g like to increase beautiful;
Strong sprout, medicine fertilizer comprised 66g50% iprodione wettable powder, the amino-acid nutrition liquid 5L of moderate-element foliage fertilizer 50g, 100g/L, 5% triflumuron suspension agent 200g, 40% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate 450g;
Bolting fertilizer comprises microelement foliage fertilizer 50g, moderate-element foliage fertilizer 50g, balanced type Water soluble fertilizer 5kg;
The head of garlic expands medicine fertilizer and comprises high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer 5kg, 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate 1L, microelement foliage fertilizer 50g, moderate-element foliage fertilizer 50g.
Application process is:
1. basic medicine is fertile: according to soil nutrient status and garlic regulation of fertilizer requirement, reasonable supplement garlic nutrient demand, and before arable land, mu executes potassium sulfate compound fertilizer 80kg, humic acid organic fertilizer 100kg and soil conditioner 50kg; Before revolving ground, mu adds 1.8% Avrmectin wettable powder 150g with 40% Volaton aqua 500g and is watered 2kg, mixes fine earth 50kg and spreads fertilizer over the fields, and mu would rather be mixed fine earth 50kg and spread fertilizer over the fields by Wettable Powder 1kg with more than 77%.
2. to dress seed medicament: every mu of 100g when using suitable happy adds and likes to increase beautiful 10g, is watered 2.5kg seed dressing.
3. strong sprout, medicine was fertile: between Spring Equinox next year to rainwater, garlic sprouts is turned green, foliage-spray 50% iprodione wettable powder 1500 times of liquid and moderate-element foliage fertilizer 800 times of liquid; Before and after clear and bright, when ground temperature is higher than 15 DEG C, according to soil humidity, water once permeable, every mu of punching is executed the amino-acid nutrition liquid 5L of 100g/L and executes 5% triflumuron 200g and 40% Volaton 450g with water punching.
4. bolting is fertile: every mu of foliage-spray medium trace element foliage fertilizer and macroelement foliage fertilizer 800 times of liquid 1 time; Water once permeable after garlic stems is full to the brim again, impose balanced type Water soluble fertilizer 5kg in conjunction with the mu that waters.
5. the head of garlic expands medicine fertilizer: water once permeable after bolting again, impose high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer 5kg, and in conjunction with watering, 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate 1kg is executed in mu punching; Contemporaneously, spray trace elements zn, B foliage fertilizer and macroelement foliage fertilizer 800 times of liquid 1 time.
Application effect: garlic stems output can improve 5.8% than conventional cultivation way to manage; Head of garlic output can improve 16.4% than conventional cultivation way to manage.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of Jinxiang special set meal of garlic high-yield culturing is fertile, and every mu of consumption comprises the fertile 176.2kg of basic medicine, seed dressing medicament 0.14kg, the fertile 3.6kg of medicine in strong sprout, the fertile 6.1kg of bolting, and the head of garlic expands the fertile 7kg of medicine.
Wherein,
Basis medicine fertilizer comprises potassium sulfate compound fertilizer 50kg, humic acid organic fertilizer 50kg and silico-calcium magnesium phosphor potassium fertilizer 75kg, 40% Volaton aqua 250g, 1.8% avermectin micro-emulsion 100g, would rather Wettable Powder 0.8kg more than 77%;
Seed dressing medicament comprise suitable happy time suspension seed-coating agent 120g and 15g like to increase beautiful;
Seedling fertilizer comprises 80g50% iprodione wettable powder, the amino-acid nutrition liquid 3L of macroelement foliage fertilizer 50g, 100g/L, 5% triflumuron suspension agent 100g, 40% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate 400g;
Bolting fertilizer comprises microelement foliage fertilizer 100g, moderate-element foliage fertilizer 100g, balanced type Water soluble fertilizer 6kg;
The head of garlic expands medicine fertilizer and comprises high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer 6kg, 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate 0.8kg, trace elements zn, B foliage fertilizer 100g, macroelement foliage fertilizer 100g.
Application process: with embodiment 1.Difference is: in described bolting fertilizer, and trace and moderate-element Foliar Spraying number of times are 2 times, every 7 ~ 14 days 1 time; The described head of garlic expands in medicine fertilizer, and microelement foliage fertilizer and macroelement Foliar Spraying number of times are 2 times, every 7 ~ 14 days 1 time.
Application effect: garlic stems output can improve 11.8% than conventional cultivation way to manage; Head of garlic output can improve 29.1% than conventional cultivation way to manage.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of Jinxiang special set meal of garlic high-yield culturing is fertile, and every mu of consumption comprises the fertile 352.2kg of basic medicine, seed dressing medicament 0.17kg, the fertile 7kg of medicine in strong sprout, the fertile 8.1kg of bolting, and the head of garlic expands the fertile 9.4kg of medicine.
Wherein,
Basis medicine fertilizer comprises potassium sulfate compound fertilizer 100kg, humic acid organic fertilizer 150kg and silico-calcium magnesium phosphor potassium fertilizer 100kg, 40% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate 750g, 1.8% abamectin emulsifiable concentrate 200g, would rather Wettable Powder 1.2kg more than 77%;
Seed dressing medicament comprise 2.5% suitable happy time suspension seed-coating agent 150g and 20g like to increase beautiful;
Strong sprout, medicine fertilizer comprised 100g50% iprodione wettable powder, the amino-acid nutrition liquid 6L of moderate-element foliage fertilizer 50g, 100g/L, 5% triflumuron suspension agent 300g, 40% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate 500g;
Bolting fertilizer comprises microelement foliage fertilizer 100g, moderate-element foliage fertilizer 50g, balanced type Water soluble fertilizer 8kg;
The head of garlic expands medicine fertilizer and comprises high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer 8kg, 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate 1.2kg, microelement foliage fertilizer 100g, moderate-element foliage fertilizer 100g.
Application process: with embodiment 1.Difference is: in described bolting fertilizer, and trace and macroelement Foliar Spraying number of times are 2 times, every 10 ~ 15 days 1 time; The described head of garlic expands in medicine fertilizer, and microelement foliage fertilizer and moderate-element Foliar Spraying number of times are 2 times, every 10 ~ 15 days 1 time.
Application effect: garlic stems output can improve 13.7% than conventional cultivation way to manage; Head of garlic output can improve 32.3% than conventional cultivation way to manage.
Comparative example:
The conventional cultivation way to manage fertilizer of comparative example and application process thereof are peasant habit method, are namely revolving Di Qianmushi NPK composite fertilizer (N, P 2o 5, K 2the mass percentage of O is respectively 15%, and 15%, 15%) 100kg, biological organic fertilizer 40kg, be to concentrate and use; Seedling stage, urea or two ammoniums were executed in punching, and mu amount of application is 15 ~ 25kg; Simple substance potash fertilizer is executed in peduncle-growing period for rapeseed and the punching of head of garlic expanding stage, and mu amount of application is 4 ~ 16kg.
With the garlic garlic stems of embodiment 1,2,3 and the yield comparison of the head of garlic as follows:
The yield comparison of table 1 garlic garlic stems and the head of garlic
Note: head of garlic quantity/total head of garlic quantity of level garlic rate=diameter >=5.5cm
Conclusion: garlic stems output can improve 5.8% ~ 13.7% than conventional cultivation way to manage; Head of garlic output can improve 16.4% ~ 32.3% than conventional cultivation way to manage.

Claims (7)

1. the special set meal medicine of a Jinxiang garlic high-yield culturing is fertile, it is characterized in that, in mass parts, comprises basic medicine fertilizer 151 ~ 353 parts, seed dressing medicament 0.1 ~ 0.2 part, strong sprout medicine fertilizer 3 ~ 7 parts, bolting fertilizer 5 ~ 8 parts, the head of garlic expands medicine fertilizer 6 ~ 9 parts;
Described basic medicine fertilizer comprises following raw material: potassium sulfate compound fertilizer 50 ~ 100 mass parts, humic acid organic fertilizer 50 ~ 150 mass parts, soil conditioner 50 ~ 100 mass parts, Volaton 0.25 ~ 0.75 mass parts, Avrmectin 0.1 ~ 0.2 mass parts, would rather Wettable Powder 0.8 ~ 1.2 mass parts more than 77%;
Described seed dressing medicament comprises following raw material: 0.1 ~ 0.15 mass parts time suitable happy, likes to increase U.S. 0.01 ~ 0.02 mass parts;
Described strong sprout, medicine fertilizer comprised following raw material: iprodione 0.066 ~ 0.1 mass parts, moderate-element foliage fertilizer 0.05 ~ 0.1 mass parts, amino-acid nutrition liquid 3 ~ 6 mass parts, triflumuron 0.1 ~ 0.3 mass parts, Volaton 0.4 ~ 0.5 mass parts;
Described bolting fertilizer comprises following raw material: microelement foliage fertilizer 0.05 ~ 0.1 mass parts, moderate-element foliage fertilizer 0.05 ~ 0.1 mass parts, balanced type Water soluble fertilizer 5 ~ 8 mass parts;
The described head of garlic expands medicine fertilizer and comprises following raw material: microelement foliage fertilizer 0.05 ~ 0.1 mass parts, moderate-element foliage fertilizer 0.05 ~ 0.1 mass parts, high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer 5 ~ 8 mass parts, Volaton 0.8 ~ 1.2 mass parts.
2. garlic high-yield culturing special set meal medicine in Jinxiang according to claim 1 is fertile, it is characterized in that, in described basic medicine fertilizer, and N, P in described potassium sulfate compound fertilizer 2o 5, K 2the mass percent of O content is respectively 18%, 18%, 18%, and containing 2% humic acid; Described humic acid organic fertilizer is activation peat, wherein, has machine matter containing amount≤70%, total humic acid content≤50%; Described soil conditioner is silico-calcium potassic-magnesian fertilizer, and the mass percent of contained nutrient is: containing SiO 220% ~ 32%, containing CaO20% ~ 30%, containing K 2o4% ~ 6%, containing MgO4% ~ 5%; Volaton selects 40% Volaton aqua, or 40% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate; Avrmectin is 1.8% Avrmectin wettable powder, or 1.8% avermectin micro-emulsion, or 1.8% abamectin emulsifiable concentrate.
3. garlic high-yield culturing special set meal medicine in Jinxiang according to claim 1 is fertile, it is characterized in that, in described seed dressing medicament, time suitable happy and effective constituent be the suspension seed-coating agent of 2.5% fludioxonil; Described like to increase beautiful for effective constituent be the aqua of 0.003% propionyl rapin.
4. garlic high-yield culturing special set meal medicine in Jinxiang according to claim 1 is fertile, it is characterized in that, in described strong sprout medicine fertilizer, iprodione selects 50% wettable powder; The nutrient content mass percent of moderate-element foliage fertilizer is: calcium oxide 12% ~ 20%, magnesium oxide 1.5% ~ 2.5%, trace elements iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron 0.2 ~ 1%; Wherein, iron, zinc, manganese, copper are EDTA Chelating state; Amino-acid nutrition liquid concentration is 100g/L; Triflumuron selects 5% triflumuron suspension agent; Volaton selects 40% Volaton aqua, or 40% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate.
5. garlic high-yield culturing special set meal medicine in Jinxiang according to claim 1 is fertile, it is characterized in that, in described bolting fertilizer, the nutrient content mass percent of described microelement foliage fertilizer is: iron 0.9% ~ 1%, zinc 0.55% ~ 0.6%, manganese 0.9% ~ 1%, boron 0.9% ~ 1.25%, copper 0.2 ~ 0.4% forms; Wherein, iron, zinc, manganese, copper are EDTA Chelating state; The formula of described balanced type Water soluble fertilizer is 20-20-20+TE, and the mass percent of contained nutrient is: N20%, P 2o 520%, K 2o20%, EDTA-chelating Fe, M, Cu, Zn, Mo, B Han Liang≤0.5%.
6. garlic high-yield culturing special set meal medicine in Jinxiang according to claim 1 is fertile, and it is characterized in that, the described head of garlic expands in medicine fertilizer, and the formula of described high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer is 16-8-34+TE, and the mass percent of contained nutrient is: containing N16%, P 2o 58%, K 2o34%, EDTA-chelating Fe, M, Cu, Zn, Mo, B Han Liang≤0.5%; Octyl sulfate is 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate.
7. the application process of Jinxiang garlic high-yield culturing according to claim 1 special set meal medicine fertilizer, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
(1) the using of basic medicine fertilizer
Before arable land, described potassium sulfate compound fertilizer, humic acid organic fertilizer and soil conditioner are evenly spread fertilizer over the fields in soil surface, turns over and bury; Before revolving ground, Volaton and Avrmectin are watered 2 mass parts, mix fine earth 50 mass parts and spread fertilizer over the fields, and Wettable Powder would rather mix fine earth 50 mass parts and spread fertilizer over the fields more than 77%; Basis medicine fertile amount of application 151 ~ 353kg/ mu;
(2) to dress seed the using of medicament
By described suitable happy time add and like that increasing U.S.A is watered 2.5 mass parts seed dressings, seed dressing pharmacy application amount 0.1 ~ 0.2kg/ mu;
(3) the using of medicine fertilizer in strong sprout
After emerging, 50% iprodione wettable powder, 1500 times of liquid described in foliage-spray and moderate-element foliage fertilizer 800 times of liquid; After ground temperature is greater than 15 DEG C, according to soil humidity, water once permeable, execute described amino-acid nutrition liquid, triflumuron and Volaton with water punching for every mu; Medicine in strong sprout fertile amount of application 3 ~ 7kg/ mu;
(4) the using of bolting fertilizer
Microelement foliage fertilizer described in foliage-spray and moderate-element foliage fertilizer 800 times of liquid 1 ~ 2 time; Water once permeable after garlic stems is full to the brim again, execute described balanced type Water soluble fertilizer in conjunction with punching of watering; Bolting fertile amount of application 5 ~ 8kg/ mu;
(5) head of garlic expands using of medicine fertilizer
Water once permeable after bolting again, in conjunction with watering, described high potassium type Water soluble fertilizer and Volaton are executed in punching; In this period, spray microelement foliage fertilizer and moderate-element foliage fertilizer 800 times of liquid 1 ~ 2 time; The head of garlic expands medicine fertile amount of application 6 ~ 9kg/ mu.
CN201510863085.0A 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 Specific insecticide-fertilizer package for jinxiang garlic high-yield cultivation and application method thereof Pending CN105418220A (en)

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CN111892448A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-06 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Garlic fertilizer and application method thereof
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