CN106631619A - Special high-carbon based soil remediation fertilizer for tobacco fields and production method and application method thereof - Google Patents

Special high-carbon based soil remediation fertilizer for tobacco fields and production method and application method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106631619A
CN106631619A CN201710017171.9A CN201710017171A CN106631619A CN 106631619 A CN106631619 A CN 106631619A CN 201710017171 A CN201710017171 A CN 201710017171A CN 106631619 A CN106631619 A CN 106631619A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
vega
special high
soil remediation
high carbon
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Inventor
王建安
孔天佑
张国强
段卫东
张大纯
田喜洲
刘国顺
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Artemisia Biotechnology Co Ltd
Henan Agricultural University
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Artemisia Biotechnology Co Ltd
Henan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201710017171.9A priority Critical patent/CN106631619A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C3/00Fertilisers containing other salts of ammonia or ammonia itself, e.g. gas liquor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention provides a special high-carbon based soil remediation fertilizer for tobacco fields and a production method and application method of the special high-carbon based soil remediation fertilizer for the tobacco fields. The special high-carbon based soil remediation fertilizer for the tobacco fields comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 25 to 35% of biochar, 4 to 6% of a cake fertilizer, 1 to 3% of humic acid, 10 to 15% of potassium nitrate, 4 to 6% of medical stone, 30 to 40% of dried cow-dung, 0.5 to 1% of shell powder, 2 to 4% of biological bacteria, 1 to 2% of white stone powder, and the balance of microelement fertilizers. According to the invention, organic materials which are high in carbon and low in nitrogen, loose and porous and high in specific surface area are mainly taken as carriers, a variety of mineral nutrient elements are directionally added, a variety of physiological active materials are combined, and remediation of soil carbon pools and activation of soil microbial communities are taken as purposes, and the micro-ecological environment of tobacco plant roots are coordinated and optimized to promote the root development of tobacco plants, balance the nutrition of the tobacco plants and improve the use efficiency of tobacco plant nutrients.

Description

The special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega and its production method and application process
Technical field:
The invention belongs to tobacco planting technical field, and in particular to a kind of special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega and its producer Method and application process.
Background technology:
At present, the chemical fertilizer for adopting during tobacco planting is mainly tobacco planting special fertilizer, or simply adopts composite fertilizer, The vega of China is due to phenomenons such as long-term a large amount of administration chemical fertilizer, the yield of tobacco that covets.With the high dose of tobacco business, height The rotation system of intensity continues, and has caused assessing index, quality of tobacco to decline, style characteristic is prominent etc. seriously asks Topic.Particularly, long-term a large amount of chemical fertilizer of applying destroy the original physical and chemical character of soil, cause soil acidification, soil to hold Reduce again, crumb structure destruction, soil permeability is reduced, and retain water and nutrients performance declines, be unfavorable for tobacco leaf root system development and to battalion Foster absorption;The administration of fertilizer does not obtain yet due attention, causes the soil organism to reduce, and SOIL CARBON AND NITROGEN is native than declining Earth carbon storehouse is lacked of proper care, NH in tobacco growing later stage soil4 +Free state ion is higher, thus causes soil microbial activities to reduce and bacterium Group's imbalance, causes soil fertility supply and conversion capability to seriously undermine, and causes soil nutrient dysequilibrium;Monocrop continuous cropping is made Into the unbalanced absorption of soil mineral nutrition, in addition soil nutrient mineralization ability is delayed, causes Soil Mineral Nutrition unbalance, supplies Should be serious uneven.
The content of the invention:
In sum, in order to overcome the shortcomings of prior art problem, the invention provides a kind of special high carbon-based soil of vega is repaiied Compound fertilizer and its production method and application process, it is mainly with the low nitrogen of high-carbon, loose porous, high-specific surface area organic material to carry Body, the various mineral nutrient elements of orientation addition, and with reference to various physiologically active materials, it is micro- with rehabilitating soil carbon storehouse, activation soil Biocoene is target, by coordinating and optimizing cigarette strain root micro-ecological environment, promotes cigarette strain root system development, balances tobacco plant nutrition, Improve cigarette strain nutrientuse efficiency.
To solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega, wherein:The percentage by weight of each component is:Charcoal 25 ~ 35%;Cake fertilizer 4 ~6%;Humic acid 1 ~ 3%;Potassium nitrate 10 ~ 15%;Medical stone 4 ~ 6%;Dry cow dung 30 ~ 40%;Oyster shell whiting 0.5 ~ 1%;Biological bacteria 2 ~ 4%; Albarium 1 ~ 2%;Balance of micro- fertilizer.
Technical scheme may also is that realization:The percentage by weight of each component is:Charcoal 30%;Cake Fertilizer 5%;Humic acid 2%;Potassium nitrate 15%;Medical stone 5%;Dry cow dung 35%;Oyster shell whiting 1%;Biological bacteria 3%;Albarium 2%, it is balance of Micro- fertilizer.
Technical scheme may also is that realization:Described micro- fertilizer is manganese sulfate, ammonium molybdate, sulfuric acid are sub- One or more in iron, copper sulphate.
Technical scheme may also is that realization:Difference of the described biological bacteria according to soil types
Technical scheme may also is that realization:Described cake fertilizer is soybean cake, sesame-send cake, peanut cake, vegetable seed One or more in cake, cottonseed cake, castor cake, tung seed cake and tea seed cake.
Technical scheme may also is that realization:Described oyster shell whiting and the particle diameter of albarium is less than or equal to 60 mesh.
A kind of production method of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega, wherein:Comprise the following steps that:
A, according to soil types, proportioning biological bacteria;
B, each component is weighed by weight percentage;
C, the charcoal by weighing, cake fertilizer, humic acid, potassium nitrate, medical stone, dry cow dung and micro- fertilizer, are well mixed, so after crushing Granulate according to common process afterwards;
D, the oyster shell whiting of weighing, albarium and biological bacteria are well mixed after, according to common process granulate;
E, by step c produce particle with step d production particle be well mixed after pack.
A kind of application process of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega, wherein:Including spreading fertilizer over the fields, row replacement or spread manuer in holes,
When spreading fertilizer over the fields, apply before site preparation, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields in monoblock ground surface, Ran Houjin Row deep ploughing is ploughed deeply, and amount of application is 120 ~ 150 kg/ mus;
When spreading manuer in holes, after deep ploughing is ploughed deeply and before planning cigarette ridge, along ridge, line is manually or mechanically applied, and consumption is 80 ~ 120 kg/ mus; When spreading manuer in holes, after basal dressing, ridging are carried out according to the measure of vega Routine Management, cave is dug, in the hole of cave the special high-carbon of vega is applied Base soil remediation fertilizer, consumption is 50 ~ 80 kg/ mus;
During row replacement, after vega parcel survey unwrapping wire, along ridging center line a wide fertilising of 10-15 cm depths, 15-20 cm is opened Ditch, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields in dressing furrow, then according to standard method ridging, vega is special The consumption of high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer is 60-120 kg/ mus.
Technical scheme may also is that realization:When spreading manuer in holes, the special high-carbon of vega applied in the hole of cave Base soil remediation fertilizer is the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the powder without granulation, during administration, the vega of powder Special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer is well mixed with the soil in cave.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1st, the present invention is the various ore deposits of orientation addition mainly with the low nitrogen of high-carbon, loose porous, high-specific surface area organic material as carrier Matter nutrient, and with reference to various physiologically active materials, with rehabilitating soil carbon storehouse, activation soil microbial community as target, lead to Coordination optimization cigarette strain root micro-ecological environment is crossed, promotes cigarette strain root system development, balance tobacco plant nutrition, improve cigarette strain nutrien utilization effect Rate.
2nd, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the invention contains charcoal, and charcoal is stable high carbon substrate Material, can quickly improve the SOIL CARBON AND NITROGEN ratio around cigarette strain root system, be root system beneficial microbe bacterium according to soil type Group builds suitable living environment, stimulates root exudates release, improves the plant recovery of nutrient of tobacco-growing soil and fertilizer.
3rd, specific biological bacteria, the addition energy of bacteria agent are contained in the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the invention Enough to become the dominant bacteria of crop rhizosphere in the breeding of cigarette strain root raised growth, they can secrete antimycotic and bacterium antibiotic, So as to suppress the growth of various germs, the resistance against diseases of crop is improve.
4th, containing oyster shell whiting and albarium, albarium and oyster shell whiting in the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the invention In all containing substantial amounts of calcareous, the calcium content in soil can be effectively improved, additionally, containing amino acid and polysaccharide in oyster shell whiting Material, contains biological bacteria, the effect of amino acid and polysaccharide material in oyster shell whiting in the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega Under, biological bacteria is entered breeds rapidly after soil, so as to improve waste material in biological bacteria activity, in addition oyster shell whiting surface is smooth also Bacterium can be completely cut off, bacterium can be suppressed, promote the growth of beneficial fungi.
5th, contain high-quality organic carrier fertilizer cake fertilizer, humic acid in the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the invention and do Cow dung, realizes organic reasonably combined with inorganic nutrients, the balanced release of nutrient, applied once, continuous and effective, reduction fertilising link And fertilizer application frequency, subtract work synergy.In addition, containing micro- fertilizer in the present invention, micro- fertilizer can effectively improve tobacco growing institute in soil The various mineral nutrient elements for needing, realize the equilibrium of tobacco time of infertility soil and tobacco plant nutrition.
Description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is impact comparison diagram of the present invention to the soil weight;
Fig. 2 is impact comparison diagram of the present invention to soil moisture content;
Fig. 3 is impact comparison diagram of the present invention to the soil weight in the different growing stage vega of cigarette strain;
Fig. 4 is influence curve figure of the present invention to cigarette strain rhizosphere soil invertase activity;
Fig. 5 is influence curve figure of the present invention to cigarette strain rhizosphere soil peroxidase activity;
Fig. 6 is impact comparison diagram of the present invention to soil pH value.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment one
A kind of special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega, the percentage by weight of each component is:Charcoal 25%;Cake fertilizer 6%;Humic acid 3%;Potassium nitrate 15%;Medical stone 6%;Dry cow dung 30%;Oyster shell whiting 1%;Biological bacteria 4%;Albarium 2%;Balance of micro- fertilizer, micro- fertilizer is Manganese sulfate, ammonium molybdate, the mixing of ferrous sulfate.Cake fertilizer is soybean cake, sesame-send cake, the mixing of peanut cake.Oyster shell whiting and albarium Particle diameter be less than or equal to 60 mesh.
Prepare the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of above-mentioned vega of 100 kg, its concrete preparation method, including following technique Step:
A, according to soil types, proportioning biological bacteria;According to the soil types of vega, the biology of one or more mixing can be selected Bacterium, when selecting various biological bacterias, according to soil types, selects the proportioning of different biological bacterias;
B, by weight percentage the weighing kg of charcoal 25, the kg of cake fertilizer 6;The kg of humic acid 3;The kg of potassium nitrate 15;The kg of medical stone 6; The kg of dry cow dung 30;The kg of oyster shell whiting 1;The kg of biological bacteria 4;The kg of albarium 2 and micro- fertile 8 kg.
C, the charcoal by weighing, cake fertilizer, humic acid, potassium nitrate, medical stone, dry cow dung and micro- fertilizer, mix equal after crushing It is even;Then according to common process granulation;
D, the oyster shell whiting of weighing, albarium and specific biological bacteria are well mixed after;Then according to common process granulation;
E, by step c produce particle with step d production particle be well mixed after pack.
The application process of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of above-mentioned vega, using row replacement, after vega parcel survey unwrapping wire, edge Ridging center line opens a wide dressing furrow of 10-15 cm depths, 15-20 cm, and the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is uniform Spread fertilizer over the fields in dressing furrow, then according to standard method ridging, the consumption of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is 60 kg/ mus.
Embodiment two
A kind of special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega, the percentage by weight of each component is:Charcoal 30%;Cake fertilizer 5%;Humic acid 2%;Potassium nitrate 15%;Medical stone 5%;Dry cow dung 35%;Oyster shell whiting 1%;Biological bacteria 3%;Albarium 2%, balance of micro- fertilizer, micro- fertilizer is Manganese sulfate, ammonium molybdate, the mixing of ferrous sulfate.Cake fertilizer is soybean cake, sesame-send cake, the mixing of peanut cake.Oyster shell whiting and albarium Particle diameter be 60 mesh.
Prepare the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of above-mentioned vega of 100 kg, its concrete preparation method, including following technique Step:
A, according to soil types, proportioning biological bacteria;According to the soil types of vega, the biology of one or more mixing can be selected Bacterium, when selecting various biological bacterias, according to soil types, selects the proportioning of different biological bacterias;
B, by weight percentage the weighing kg of charcoal 30, the kg of cake fertilizer 5;The kg of humic acid 2;The kg of potassium nitrate 15;The kg of medical stone 5; The kg of dry cow dung 35;The kg of oyster shell whiting 1;The kg of biological bacteria 3;The kg of albarium 2 and micro- fertile 2 kg.
C, the charcoal by weighing, cake fertilizer, humic acid, potassium nitrate, medical stone, dry cow dung and micro- fertilizer, mix equal after crushing It is even, then according to common process granulation;
D, the oyster shell whiting of weighing, albarium and biological bacteria are well mixed after, then according to common process granulation;
E, by step c produce particle with step d production particle be well mixed after pack.
The application process of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of above-mentioned vega, using row replacement, after vega parcel survey unwrapping wire, edge Ridging center line opens a wide dressing furrow of 10-15cm depths, 15-20cm, and the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is uniformly spread Apply in dressing furrow, then according to standard method ridging, the consumption of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is 80 kg/ mus.
Embodiment three
A kind of special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega, the percentage by weight of each component is:Charcoal 30%;Cake fertilizer 6%;Humic acid 3%;Potassium nitrate 15%;Medical stone 6%;Dry cow dung 30%;Oyster shell whiting 1%;Biological bacteria 4%;Albarium 2%;Balance of micro- fertilizer, micro- fertilizer is Manganese sulfate, ammonium molybdate, the mixing of ferrous sulfate.Cake fertilizer is soybean cake, sesame-send cake, the mixing of peanut cake.Oyster shell whiting and albarium Particle diameter be less than or equal to 60 mesh.
Prepare the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of above-mentioned vega of 100 kg, its concrete preparation method, including following technique Step:
A, according to soil types, proportioning biological bacteria;According to the soil types of vega, the biology of one or more mixing can be selected Bacterium, when selecting various biological bacterias, according to soil types, selects the proportioning of different biological bacterias;
B, by weight percentage the weighing kg of charcoal 30, the kg of cake fertilizer 6;The kg of humic acid 3;The kg of potassium nitrate 15;The kg of medical stone 6; The kg of dry cow dung 30;The kg of oyster shell whiting 1;The kg of biological bacteria 4;The kg of albarium 2 and micro- fertile 3 kg.
C, the charcoal by weighing, cake fertilizer, humic acid, potassium nitrate, medical stone, dry cow dung and micro- fertilizer, mix equal after crushing It is even;Then according to common process granulation;
D, the oyster shell whiting of weighing, albarium and biological bacteria are well mixed after;Then according to common process granulation;
E, by step c produce particle with step d production particle be well mixed after pack.
The application process of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of above-mentioned vega, using row replacement, after vega parcel survey unwrapping wire, edge Ridging center line opens a wide dressing furrow of 10-15 cm depths, 15-20 cm, and the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is uniform Spread fertilizer over the fields in dressing furrow, then according to standard method ridging, the consumption of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is 100 kg/ Mu.
Example IV
A kind of special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega, the percentage by weight of each component is:Charcoal 35%;Cake fertilizer 4%;Humic acid 1%;Potassium nitrate 10%;Medical stone 4%;Dry cow dung 40%;Oyster shell whiting 1%;Biological bacteria 2%;Albarium 2%;Balance of micro- fertilizer, micro- fertilizer is Manganese sulfate, ammonium molybdate, the mixing of ferrous sulfate.Cake fertilizer is soybean cake, sesame-send cake, the mixing of peanut cake.Oyster shell whiting and albarium Particle diameter be 60 mesh.
Prepare the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of above-mentioned vega of 100 kg, its concrete preparation method, including following technique Step:
A, according to soil types, proportioning biological bacteria;According to the soil types of vega, the biology of one or more mixing can be selected Bacterium, when selecting various biological bacterias, according to soil types, selects the proportioning of different biological bacterias;
B, by weight percentage the weighing kg of charcoal 35, the kg of cake fertilizer 4;The kg of humic acid 1;The kg of potassium nitrate 10;The kg of medical stone 4; The kg of dry cow dung 40;The kg of oyster shell whiting 1;The kg of biological bacteria 2;The kg of albarium 2 and micro- fertile 1 kg.
C, the charcoal by weighing, cake fertilizer, humic acid, potassium nitrate, medical stone, dry cow dung and micro- fertilizer, mix equal after crushing It is even, then according to common process granulation;
D, the oyster shell whiting of weighing, albarium and biological bacteria are well mixed after, then according to common process granulation;
E, by step c produce particle with step d production particle be well mixed after pack.
The application process of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of above-mentioned vega, using row replacement, after vega parcel survey unwrapping wire, edge Ridging center line opens a wide dressing furrow of 10-15 cm depths, 15-20 cm, and the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is uniform Spread fertilizer over the fields in dressing furrow, then according to standard method ridging, the consumption of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is 120 kg/ Mu.
Comparative example
The present embodiment is comparative example, using conventional fertilizer application method, in vega fertilizer special for tobacco, N in fertilizer special for tobacco is applied: P2O5:K2O=1:1.5:3。
Impact of the present invention to the soil weight
The vega soil unit weight that analysis embodiment one, embodiment two, embodiment three, example IV and comparative example were processed, Its result is as shown in Figure 1.
As seen from Figure 1, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the invention can significantly reduce the soil weight, and And with the raising of biological carbon content in the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega, and the raising of amount of application, soil weight drop Low amplitude also increases.The porous of the charcoal in the present invention and huge surface area can reduce the soil weight.
Impact of the present invention to soil moisture content
Containing in the vega soil that analysis embodiment one, embodiment two, embodiment three, example IV and comparative example were processed Water rate, its result is as shown in Figure 2.
As seen from Figure 2, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the invention is the work for promoting to water content in soil With.And with the raising of the increase of charcoal usage amount, carbon-nitrogen ratio in the present invention, soil moisture content is arrived in increased trend After a certain amount of, the trend of increase is just less notable.Later stage soil drought, impact of the present invention to soil moisture content is just not It is so notable.
Impact of the present invention to the soil weight in the different growing stage vega of cigarette strain
The tobacco seedlings of Zhongyan-100 are transplanted respectively to embodiment one, embodiment two, embodiment three, example IV and comparative example In the vega for processing, the soil weight observed in the different growing stage vega of cigarette strain, its result is as shown in Figure 3.
As seen from Figure 3, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the invention can significantly reduce the soil weight, but It is that, in the change difference of the different growth period soil weight of cigarette strain, on the whole, in cigarette strain group, the phase soil weight becomes Change not substantially, but, in rear three periods, the soil weight is substantially reduced, and illustrates that, with the propulsion of flue-cured tobacco breeding time, the present invention is right The improved effect of the soil weight has obvious facilitation.
Impact of the present invention to cigarette strain rhizosphere soil invertase activity
Rhizosphere soil invertase activity after transplanting to tobacco seedlings is analyzed, its analysis result as shown in figure 4, as seen from Figure 4, 35 days after transplanting, the activity of the vega soil invertase that embodiment one, two, three, four was processed is less than comparative example, afterwards, With the prolongation of transplanting time, the activity of the vega soil invertase that embodiment one, two, three, four was processed is gradual to be lifted, contracting The short gap and comparative example between, in addition embodiment three transplant 80 days after surmount comparative example.It follows that tobacco seedlings Transplanting initial stage, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the present invention plays inhibitory action to soil invertase, but this suppression is made It is gradually reduced used in the propulsion with growth period.
Soil invertase activity can not only characterize Soil fertility intensity, at the same time as evaluation soil-ripening journey The index of degree and soil fertility level, generally, soil fertility is higher, and invertase activity is stronger
Impact of the present invention to cigarette strain rhizosphere soil peroxidase activity
The root of the cigarette strain in embodiment one, embodiment two, embodiment three, example IV and comparative example after transplanting to tobacco seedlings Border soil peroxidase is analyzed, its analysis result as shown in figure 5, as seen from Figure 5, with the propulsion in cigarette strain growth period, Activity of Catalase in Soil is in the variation tendency for raising-reducing-raise-reduce, 55 days and 80 days or so after tobacco seedlings transplanting Occurs maximum respectively.At the initial stage of transplanting, the Activity of Catalase in Soil of the vega that comparative example was processed is higher than enforcement The Activity of Catalase in Soil of the vega that example one, embodiment two, embodiment three and example IV were processed, after cigarette strain growth Phase, the Activity of Catalase in Soil of the vega that embodiment one, embodiment two, embodiment three and example IV were processed surmounts right The Activity of Catalase in Soil of the vega processed than embodiment.It follows that with the growth of cigarette strain, the vega of the present invention Special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer can improve cigarette strain rhizosphere soil catalase activity.
Impact of the present invention to the cigarette strain rhizosphere soil content of organic matter
The cigarette strain rhizosphere soil content of organic matter of the different times after transplanting to tobacco seedlings is analyzed, its analysis result such as institute of table 1 Show, soil organic matter content is on behalf of g/kg
Table 1
35 days 50 days 65 days 80 days 95 days
Comparative example 10.73 10.21 11.61 11.41 13.57
Embodiment one 11.58 14.57 13.38 12.90 14.80
Embodiment two 16.88 21.29 21.79 17.76 15.77
Embodiment three 17.58 22.19 22.29 18.76 16.77
Example IV 19.95 22.66 22.57 21.79 19.47
As seen from Table 1, with the growth of transplanting time, the content of cigarette strain rhizosphere soil organic matter constantly increases, same In growth time, Jing embodiment one, two, three, four process after vega in cigarette strain rhizosphere soil organic matter content apparently higher than The content of cigarette strain rhizosphere soil organic matter in vega after comparative example's process, in a word, the special height of vega of the present invention is carbon-based Soil remediation fertilizer can improve the content of cigarette strain rhizosphere soil organic matter.
Impact of the present invention to Soil Microorganism amount carbon content
The Soil Microorganism amount carbon of the different times after transplanting to tobacco seedlings is analyzed, and its analysis result is as shown in table 2, soil Middle microbial biomass carbosilane unit mg/kg
Table 2
35 days 50 days 65 days 80 days 95 days
Comparative example 241.35 380.73 416.32 230.31 225.51
Embodiment one 153.00 387.52 407.21 343.55 335.88
Embodiment two 197.21 392.26 413.42 318.55 364.82
Embodiment three 196.31 390.56 410.52 317.85 362.12
Example IV 133.52 378.72 448.50 264.29 291.43
As seen from Table 2, it is in first to raise that the Soil Microorganism amount carbon after each embodiment is processed in cigarette strain growth cycle is all The trend for reducing afterwards, reaches maximum in 65 days or so after transplanting.35 days after transplanting, embodiment one, embodiment two, embodiment three And the microbial biomass carbon in the soil that processed of example IV compares comparative example and has different degrees of decline;Transplant 50 days Afterwards, the microbial biomass carbon in the soil that embodiment one, embodiment two, embodiment three and example IV were processed is compared contrast and is implemented Example difference is not obvious;After transplanting 65 days, the microbial biomass carbon content highest in the vega soil that example IV was processed transplants 80 My god, after 95 days, the microbial biomass carbon in the soil that embodiment one, embodiment two, embodiment three and example IV were processed is compared Comparative example has different degrees of rising;Total described, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the present invention can be Cigarette strain Later growth, improves the content of microbial biomass carbon in cigarette strain rhizosphere soil.The content of Soil Microorganism amount carbon is used as soil Earth has the active part in hangar, it is considered to be easy to the nutrient pool utilized by plant.Therefore, Soil Microorganism amount carbon is carried Height, that is, the capacity and intensity raising of nutrient supply.
Impact of the present invention to Soil Available potassium content
The cigarette strain rhizosphere soil effective K content of the different times after transplanting to tobacco seedlings is analyzed, its analysis result such as table 3 It is shown, soil effective K unit g/kg
Table 3
35 days 50 days 65 days 80 days 95 days
Comparative example 329.33 89.33 89.33 86.00 82.09
Embodiment one 296.00 105.33 88.66 82.67 90.69
Embodiment two 294.67 129.33 114.00 106.67 92.17
Embodiment three 365.33 120.00 103.33 112.00 102.45
Example IV 367.33 118.25 100.21 116.13 108.30
As seen from Table 3, the vega soil effective K content that each embodiment was processed in the whole growth cycle of cigarette strain is whole Body is on a declining curve, and cigarette strain growth early stage drastically declines, cigarette strain Later growth is substantially in slow downward trend.35 days after transplanting, Each embodiment process after vega soil effective K content all in 300g/kg or so, transplant 50 days, 65 days, 80 days and 95 days, after the content of the vega soil effective K after the process of embodiment one, two, three, four will be processed more than comparative example Vega soil.In a word, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the invention can improve Rhizosphere Soil in cigarette strain growth cycle The quick-acting potassium content of earth.
Impact of the present invention to soil pH value
The pH value of cigarette strain rhizosphere soil of the different times after transplanting to tobacco seedlings is analyzed, its analysis result as shown in fig. 6, by Fig. 6 can be seen that, embodiment one, embodiment two, embodiment three and example IV process after vega soil pH value relative contrast The pH value of the soil after embodiment process increases, wherein, the pH value raising of the vega soil after example IV process At most.That is the present invention can effectively improve the pH value of soil.
Impact of the present invention to nitrogen content in tobacco leaf
Different times, the tobacco leaf of cigarette strain different parts after collection tobacco seedlings transplanting, analyzes the nitrogen content in tobacco leaf, its analysis result As shown in table 4
Table 4
As shown in Table 4, growing with cigarette strain, each position blade total nitrogen content is on a declining curve.The present invention is to different raw Long puberty, each position tobacco leaf total nitrogen content had significant impact, specially:
Group a phase, inferior leads total nitrogen content with embodiment one process after vega highest, but with comparative example process vega Difference is not notable, and the inferior leads total nitrogen content in the vega of the process of embodiment two, three, four is remarkably decreased.It follows that of the invention Absorption and accumulation of group's phase cigarette strain to nitrogen can be suppressed.
Squaring period, the vega top that the content of total nitrogen is processed with comparative example in the vega upper leaf of the process of embodiment one The content of total nitrogen is similar in leaf, content relative contrast's embodiment of total nitrogen in the vega upper leaf of the process of embodiment two, three, four Total nitrogen content is remarkably decreased in the vega upper leaf of process.Middle leaf, the vega middle leaf of the process of embodiment one, two, three, four is total The content of nitrogen apparently higher than comparative example, and, embodiment three process vega middle leaf total nitrogen content highest.Inferior leads, it is real The vega inferior leads total nitrogen content relative contrast's embodiment for applying the process of example one, two increases, the vega of the process of embodiment three, four Inferior leads total nitrogen content relative contrast's embodiment has declined, it follows that in squaring period, the present invention can improve total in tobacco leaf Nitrogen content, promotes the growth of prosperous long-term cigarette strain, especially in middle part tobacco leaf.
The dome phase, upper leaf, total nitrogen content is above contrast in fact in the vega upper leaf of the process of embodiment one, two, three, four Apply the vega upper leaf total nitrogen content of example process.Middle leaf, total nitrogen contains in the vega upper leaf of the process of embodiment one, two, three, four Amount is below the vega upper leaf total nitrogen content of comparative example's process.Inferior leads, the vega of the process of embodiment one, two, three, four Total nitrogen content is below the vega upper leaf total nitrogen content of comparative example's process in upper leaf.Dome phase, middle leaf and bottom The close maturation of leaf, and upper leaf also prematurity, therefore, the nitrogen content that now upper leaf needs is higher, it follows that the present invention The special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega can reduce tobacco leaf maturation position nitrogen content, improve prematurity position tobacco leaf nitrogen content, So as to promote tobacco leaf ripe.
In the maturity period, total nitrogen content is equal in upper leaf, middle leaf, the inferior leads of the vega of the process of embodiment one, two, three, four Less than comparative example.It follows that in the maturity period, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the present invention can be reduced the maturity period Tobacco leaf total nitrogen content, promotes the tobacco leaf Huang Cheng that falls ripe.
Impact of the present invention to preservative water preperation
Different times, the tobacco leaf of cigarette strain different parts after collection tobacco seedlings transplanting, analyzes the potassium content in tobacco leaf, its analysis result As shown in table 5
Table 5
Group's phase, the full potassium content of inferior leads, the full potassium content of cigarette strain inferior leads compares comparative example in the vega of the process of embodiment one The full potassium content of cigarette strain inferior leads is slightly higher in the vega of process, but difference is less, cigarette strain in the vega of the process of embodiment two, three, four The full potassium of cigarette strain inferior leads is remarkably decreased in the vega that the full potassium content of inferior leads is processed than comparative example.
Squaring period, the full potassium content of upper leaf, the full potassium content of cigarette strain upper leaf in the vega of the process of embodiment one, two, three, four The full potassium content of cigarette strain upper leaf is high in the vega processed than comparative example.The full potassium content of middle leaf, embodiment one, two, three, four The full potassium content of cigarette strain upper leaf is low in the vega that the full potassium content of cigarette strain upper leaf is processed than comparative example in the vega of process.Under The full potassium content of portion's leaf, the full potassium content of cigarette strain upper leaf is processed than comparative example in the vega of the process of embodiment one, two, three, four Vega in the full potassium content of cigarette strain upper leaf it is low.
The dome phase, the full potassium content of tobacco leaf at three positions of cigarette strain is compared in the vega of the process of embodiment one, two, three, four Potassium content more complete than tobacco leaf in the vega of embodiment process is high.
Maturity period, the full potassium content of inferior leads, the full potassium content of cigarette strain inferior leads in the vega of the process of embodiment one, two, three, four With the full potassium content difference of cigarette strain inferior leads in the vega of comparative example's process less, middle leaf and the full potassium content of upper leaf, real Apply cigarette in the vega that cigarette strain middle part, the full potassium content of upper leaf are processed than comparative example in the vega of the process of example one, two, three, four Strain middle part, the full potassium content of upper leaf are high.It follows that the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of the vega of the present invention can be improved effectively Full potassium content in the tobacco leaf of cigarette strain middle and upper part.
The fertilization mode that embodiments of the invention one, two, three and four are adopted adopts row replacement, in concrete operations, or Using spreading manuer in holes, when spreading manuer in holes, after basal dressing, ridging are carried out according to the measure of vega Routine Management, cave is dug, in the hole of cave vega is applied Special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer, consumption is 50 ~ 80 kg/ mus;When spreading manuer in holes, the special high carbon-based soil of vega applied in the hole of cave Earth remediation fertilizer is the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the powder without granulation, and during administration, the vega of powder is special High carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer is well mixed with the soil in cave.
The present invention also when spreading fertilizer over the fields, can be applied, by the special high carbon-based soil of vega using spreading fertilizer over the fields in concrete operations before site preparation Earth remediation fertilizer is uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields in monoblock ground surface, is then carried out deep ploughing and is ploughed deeply, and amount of application is 120 ~ 150 kg/ mus.
The special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of the present invention for the vega of tobacco continuous cropping, is spread fertilizer over the fields, row replacement when applying Or spread manuer in holes, rate of fertilizer capping when spreading manuer in holes for the vega of tobacco continuous cropping, spreads fertilizer over the fields, row replacement or spreads manuer in holes, fertilizer when spreading manuer in holes Material amount of application capping;For vega newly developed, spread fertilizer over the fields, row replacement or spread manuer in holes, rate of fertilizer when spreading manuer in holes is removed the limit.
It is noted that above-described embodiment is to the illustrative and not limiting of technical solution of the present invention, art is general The equivalent of logical technical staff or other modifications made according to prior art, as long as not beyond technical solution of the present invention Thinking and scope, should be included within interest field of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (8)

1. the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of a kind of vega, it is characterised in that:The percentage by weight of each component is:Charcoal 25 ~ 35%;Cake fertilizer 4 ~ 6%;Humic acid 1 ~ 3%;Potassium nitrate 10 ~ 15%;Medical stone 4 ~ 6%;Dry cow dung 30 ~ 40%;Oyster shell whiting 0.5 ~ 1%;It is raw Thing bacterium 2 ~ 4%;Albarium 1 ~ 2%;Balance of micro- fertilizer.
2. the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The weight percent of each component Than for:Charcoal 30%;Cake fertilizer 5%;Humic acid 2%;Potassium nitrate 15%;Medical stone 5%;Dry cow dung 35%;Oyster shell whiting 1%;Biological bacteria 3%;Albarium 2%, balance of micro- fertilizer.
3. the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described micro- fertilizer is sulfuric acid One or more in manganese, ammonium molybdate, ferrous sulfate, copper sulphate.
4. the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described cake fertilizer is soybean One or more in cake, sesame-send cake, peanut cake, rape cake, cottonseed cake, castor cake, tung seed cake and tea seed cake.
5. the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described oyster shell whiting and white The particle diameter of stone flour is less than or equal to 60 mesh.
6. the production method of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega as described in any one of claim 1 ~ 5, it is characterised in that: Comprise the following steps that:
A, according to soil types, proportioning biological bacteria;
B, each component is weighed by weight percentage;
C, the charcoal by weighing, cake fertilizer, humic acid, potassium nitrate, medical stone, dry cow dung and micro- fertilizer, are well mixed, so after crushing Granulate according to common process afterwards;
D, the oyster shell whiting of weighing, albarium and biological bacteria are well mixed after, according to common process granulate;
E, by step c produce particle with step d production particle be well mixed after pack.
7. the application process of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega as described in any one of claim 1 ~ 5, it is characterised in that: Including spreading fertilizer over the fields, row replacement or spread manuer in holes,
When spreading fertilizer over the fields, apply before site preparation, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields in monoblock ground surface, Ran Houjin Row deep ploughing is ploughed deeply, and amount of application is 120 ~ 150 kg/ mus;
When spreading manuer in holes, after deep ploughing is ploughed deeply and before planning cigarette ridge, along ridge, line is manually or mechanically applied, and consumption is 80 ~ 120 kg/ mus; When spreading manuer in holes, after basal dressing, ridging are carried out according to the measure of vega Routine Management, cave is dug, in the hole of cave the special high-carbon of vega is applied Base soil remediation fertilizer, consumption is 50 ~ 80 kg/ mus;
During row replacement, after vega parcel survey unwrapping wire, along ridging center line a wide fertilising of 10-15 cm depths, 15-20 cm is opened Ditch, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega is uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields in dressing furrow, then according to standard method ridging, vega is special The consumption of high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer is 60-120 kg/ mus.
8. the application process of the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Spread manuer in holes When, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega applied in the hole of cave is the special high carbon-based soil of vega of the powder without granulation Earth remediation fertilizer, during administration, the special high carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of vega of powder is well mixed with the soil in cave.
CN201710017171.9A 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 Special high-carbon based soil remediation fertilizer for tobacco fields and production method and application method thereof Pending CN106631619A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107285951A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-10-24 河南农业大学 A kind of carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of full dose nutrition and production method
CN107652116A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-02-02 佛山实瑞先导材料研究院(普通合伙) A kind of biological compound fertilizer
CN107686432A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-02-13 陕西金凤现代农业科技有限责任公司 Multifunction soil remediation fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108129200A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-06-08 江西农业大学 Active micro-nano composite soil conditioner of agricultural charcoal and preparation method thereof
CN108207161A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-29 河南省农业科学院植物营养与资源环境研究所 Vega loosens the soil in situ promotees the methods of cultivation of nutrient synergy
CN109400356A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-03-01 王变芝 It can be improved the peanut cultivation special fertilizer of yield
US10934221B2 (en) 2018-10-22 2021-03-02 Sichuan University Special fertilizer for cut side slope soil remediation in high altitude areas
CN112544160A (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-03-26 郑州大学 Experimental method for influence of soil conditioner on rhizosphere soil microorganisms and quality of tobacco plants
CN111848308B (en) * 2020-08-05 2022-04-19 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Saline-alkali soil soybean fertilizer and fertilizing method for improving nutrient efficiency of saline-alkali soil soybeans

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CN104365208A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-02-25 河南农业大学 Tobacco field soil improvement method
CN104789229A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-07-22 河南农业大学 Tobacco stalk biochar soil conditioner and improvement method for tobacco field soil
CN105859479A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-08-17 陕西省烟草公司汉中市公司 Tobacco field soil improving method

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CN104365208A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-02-25 河南农业大学 Tobacco field soil improvement method
CN104789229A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-07-22 河南农业大学 Tobacco stalk biochar soil conditioner and improvement method for tobacco field soil
CN105859479A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-08-17 陕西省烟草公司汉中市公司 Tobacco field soil improving method

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107285951A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-10-24 河南农业大学 A kind of carbon-based soil remediation fertilizer of full dose nutrition and production method
CN107686432A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-02-13 陕西金凤现代农业科技有限责任公司 Multifunction soil remediation fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN107652116A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-02-02 佛山实瑞先导材料研究院(普通合伙) A kind of biological compound fertilizer
CN108129200A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-06-08 江西农业大学 Active micro-nano composite soil conditioner of agricultural charcoal and preparation method thereof
CN108207161A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-29 河南省农业科学院植物营养与资源环境研究所 Vega loosens the soil in situ promotees the methods of cultivation of nutrient synergy
US10934221B2 (en) 2018-10-22 2021-03-02 Sichuan University Special fertilizer for cut side slope soil remediation in high altitude areas
CN109400356A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-03-01 王变芝 It can be improved the peanut cultivation special fertilizer of yield
CN111848308B (en) * 2020-08-05 2022-04-19 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Saline-alkali soil soybean fertilizer and fertilizing method for improving nutrient efficiency of saline-alkali soil soybeans
CN112544160A (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-03-26 郑州大学 Experimental method for influence of soil conditioner on rhizosphere soil microorganisms and quality of tobacco plants

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Application publication date: 20170510