CN105859479A - Tobacco field soil improving method - Google Patents

Tobacco field soil improving method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105859479A
CN105859479A CN201610226496.3A CN201610226496A CN105859479A CN 105859479 A CN105859479 A CN 105859479A CN 201610226496 A CN201610226496 A CN 201610226496A CN 105859479 A CN105859479 A CN 105859479A
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soil
tobacco
parts
green manure
improvement method
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Inventor
牛玉德
刘红恩
梅运鹏
杨宏星
叶协锋
李先锋
杜鸿波
韩治建
申剑
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HANZHONG CITY COMPANY SHAANXI TOBACCO Co
Henan Agricultural University
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HANZHONG CITY COMPANY SHAANXI TOBACCO Co
Henan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201610226496.3A priority Critical patent/CN105859479A/en
Publication of CN105859479A publication Critical patent/CN105859479A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C5/00Fertilisers containing other nitrates
    • C05C5/02Fertilisers containing other nitrates containing sodium or potassium nitrate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K17/00Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials
    • C09K17/40Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials containing mixtures of inorganic and organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2101/00Agricultural use
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2109/00MATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE pH regulation

Abstract

The invention relates to a tobacco field soil improving method. The method comprises the following steps: green manure is applied to soil, the green manure is ploughed down 30-45d before next year tobacco seedling transplantation, and biomass charcoal is applied to soil 15-20d after the green manure is ploughed down. The green manure and the biomass charcoal are combined to restore tobacco field soil, so the content of organic matters in soil is improved, the water retention property of the soil is improved, the growth of roots in the earlier growing stage of tobacco plants is promoted, and early and fast growth of the tobacco plants is promoted; and the method also has the advantages of increase of the content of tobacco leaves, increase of the proportion of high-and-middle tobacco leaves, increase of the output value of the tobacco leaves, improvement of the quality of the tobacco leaves, coordination of chemical components, increase of the fragrance and the oil content of the tobacco leaves, improvement of the smoking quality of the tobacco leaves, reduction of the application amount of chemical fertilizers, and improvement of the utilization rate of the fertilizers.

Description

A kind of tobacco field soil improvement method
Technical field
The invention belongs to tobacco planting technical field, particularly relate to a kind of tobacco field soil improvement method.
Background technology
Nicotiana tabacum L. is the industrial crops that yield and quality is taken into account, and not only requires to have suitable yield, and requires have preferably Quality, the tobacco leaf chemical composition of coordination, can reach tobacco incense tolerance foot, matter is pure, zest and the quality requirements such as miscellaneous QI is little.Soil Earth is the carrier of cigarette strain growth, and soil characteristic directly affects soil moisture, nutrient, air and heat and coordinates the ability of supply, and Finally affect cigarette strain growth promoter and the formation of yield and quality.The edaphic condition producing sound tobacco requires that topsoil loosens, ventilation Well, water content is suitable, more to possess abundant nutrient and the higher content of organic matter, and then it is alive to have higher biology Property.
In recent years, cigarette district of China is under continuous cropping of vegetables with high intensity system, and soil multiple crop index remains high, and applying quantity of chemical fertilizer is continuous Increase, lack the effective measures continuing culture fertility, cause soil carbon, nitrogen to deteriorate than imbalance, soil physical property, soil nutrient Unification, soil microorganism flora inactivates, and the normal growth of final serious restriction Nicotiana tabacum L. is grown and quality responses.Meanwhile, vega Utilization rate of fertilizer be gradually reduced, fertilising remarkable benefit reduce, soil continuous cropping obstacle highlights, and has a strong impact on China's leaf tobacco production Green, sustainable development.Therefore, carry out tobacco-growing soil improvement, eliminate vega continuous cropping obstacle, improve quality of tobacco characteristic, improve Tobacco leaf production comprehensive benefit, it has also become the urgent task in current China leaf tobacco production.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of tobacco field soil improvement method, the present invention uses green manure to turn over to join with biomass carbon Close the method used, it is possible to effectively Soil structure and the biological activity of vega is improved, reach to eliminate vega continuous cropping obstacle And improve the purpose of plantation quality of tobacco.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of tobacco field soil improvement method of design, sow in soil green manure and before next year tobacco seedlings is transplanted 30-45 days to green manure Turn over, after green manure turns over 15-20 days, soil is applied biomass carbon.
Preferably, the fresh grass amount of turning over of described green manure is 1200kg-1500kg/666.7m2
Preferably, the kind of described green manure is rye grass or pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa, and both application rates are respectively 4-5kg/ 666.7m2And 8-10kg/666.7m2, the sowing time is respectively JIUYUE 20-27 day the most then and JIUYUE 29-October 5.Selected green Fertilizer has good fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, bioconcentration, the biological characteristic such as spreadability and biocompatibility, can be effectively increased The soil organism, improves soil physical and chemical property, promotes activity and the breeding of soil microorganism, makes difficultly soluble nutrient in soil turn Change, be beneficial to cigarette strain and absorb.
Preferably, the seeding method of described green manure is along the drilling of Yan Long direction, and depth of planting is 3-5cm.
Preferably, described green manure to turn over method as follows: the plot of Green manuring is carried out rotary tillage process, then by soil Burying green manure and cover, the wherein rotary tillage degree of depth is 10-15cm, and green manure length of embedment is 15-20cm.
Preferably, described biomass carbon is agricultural wastes carbonizing productions after 300-450 DEG C of anaerobic treatment, and particle diameter is 0.5-2mm。
For obtain more preferable improved effect, can using in conjunction with biomass carbon, by 40~80/666.7m2Consumption execute Entering vega conditioner, vega conditioner described in described soil conditioner is become by the mixed raw material of following weight portion: attapulgite 10~20 parts, potassium humate (meeting the Q/YJB022-2003 project indicator) 5~10 parts, zeolite powder 3~6 parts, polyacrylamide 3 ~5 parts, potassium nitrate 2~6 parts, plant ash 6~10 parts, Borax 0.5~1.5 parts, magnesium sulfate 0.3~2.0 parts, flyash 25~50 Part.
Above-mentioned vega conditioner can effectively be improved Soil structure and (promote the formation of crumb structure, reduce the soil weight, increase Total porosity, improve breathability), reduce soil alkaline harm, regulation soil acidity or alkalinity, hence it is evident that improve vega soil physicochemical character With soil nutrient status (increasing the self-restraint of available nutrient and supply), and vega soil microorganism is produced actively impact (carry Beneficial microbe and enzymatic activity in high soil, suppress pathogenic microorganism, strengthens the resistance of plant).
Preferably, the occupation mode of described biomass carbon is for spreading manuer in holes or row replacement:
1) spreading manuer in holes: to soil ridging and in Shang Wa cave, ridge, biomass carbon, base manure is uniform with mixing with soil in cave, and amount of application is 50-100kg/666.7m2
2) row replacement: being spread fertilizer over the fields with base manure mixing tailing edge ridging centrage by biomass carbon before ridging, then ridging, amount of application is 150-300kg/666.7m2
Preferably, one or more during described agricultural wastes are Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, rice husk, wheat and corn straw, tobacco rod Combination.
Preferably, described soil is the yellowish soil of moistening-Semi-humid area hilly upland, the gradient in hillside fields < 20 degree.
Green manuring is vega soil improvement, overcomes vega continuous cropping obstacle, the important measures of raising quality of tobacco: green manure turns over After pressure, bringing the nutrients such as a certain amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium into for soil, these compositions can be to fertilizer characteristic and the Nicotiana tabacum L. improving soil N and P uptake character produce large effect, simultaneously also supplement substantial amounts of fresh carbon source for soil, improve soil microorganism Conditions of existence, and the structure of community and soil enzyme activities to soil microorganism create Beneficial Effect;Regulate and improve soil Structure, enhances water retention, promotes the growth of cigarette strain fertility early stage root system.
Biomass carbon of the present invention is to use the raw materials such as agricultural crop straw to crack under high temperature, anoxia condition, extracts combustible gas The black remained after the by-product such as body and pyroligneous acid stablizes carbonaceous material, and it has phosphorus content height, stable in properties, surface porosity The feature that porous, specific surface area are big.After biomass carbon is manured into soil, a certain amount of nutrient can not only be brought into, additionally it is possible to conditioned soil Earth structure, chesson, improves soil aeration, water penetration and water-retaining property.Simultaneously, additionally it is possible to fast and effeciently improve soil carbon Nitrogen ratio, increases soil organic matter content, improves utilization rate of fertilizer.What is more important, the loose porous knot that biomass carbon is special Structure is that soil microorganism provides good habitat, beneficially soil microorganism and adheres in a large number and breed, thus improves soil The biological activity of earth.The result of field experiment for many years of inventor shows biomass carbon, and it can be effectively improved the Nicotiana tabacum L. profit to chemical fertilizer By rate, reduce fertilizer amount, improve fertilising benefit.
The present invention compared with prior art, has the advantage that
1. utilize green manure and biomass carbon combine d bioremediation vega soil (especially to join after executing vega conditioner of the present invention effect more Good), it is possible to increase soil organic matter content, improves water retention, promotes cigarette strain fertility early stage root system development, promote that cigarette strain is early Send out fast long;Improve yield of tobacco, improve better-than-average Nicotiana tabacum L. ratio, increase the Nicotiana tabacum L. output value;
2. improve quality of tobacco, coordinate chemical composition, increase tabacco fragrance and oil point, improve Nicotiana tabacum L. judging parameter;Reduce chemical fertilizer Amount of application, improves the effect of utilization rate of fertilizer.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment, to the present invention It is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not used to Limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
JIUYUE 22 days then, along the direction drilling rye grass 4.5kg/666.7m of vega ridging2, depth of planting is 4cm, and next year exists Tobacco seedlings is transplanted first 40 days, and the plot of plantation rye grass is carried out rotary tillage process, and the rotary tillage degree of depth is 13cm, then by soil to rye (Secale cereale L.) Grass carries out burying covering, and the length of embedment of rye grass is 18cm, and the fresh grass embedment amount of rye grass is 1400kg/666.7m2;Rye grass turns over After pressing 18 days, to soil ridging and in Shang Wa cave, ridge, biomass carbon, base manure is uniform, then by tobacco seedlings with mixing with soil in cave In immigration cave, grave mound after watering, the amount of application of biomass carbon is 80kg/666.7m2
Embodiment 2
JIUYUE 22 days then, along the direction drilling rye grass 5kg/666.7m of vega ridging2(can adjust according to soil fertility, soil The low then application rate of fertility improves, and soil fertility height then application rate reduces), depth of planting is 4cm, and next year transplants front 40 in tobacco seedlings My god, the plot of plantation rye grass is carried out rotary tillage process, the rotary tillage degree of depth is 13cm, then soil is buried rye grass and covers, The length of embedment of rye grass is 18cm, and the fresh grass embedment amount of rye grass is 1500kg/666.7m2;After rye grass turns over 18 days, will Biomass carbon spreads fertilizer over the fields with base manure mixing tailing edge ridging centrage, then ridging in Shang Wa cave, ridge, tobacco seedlings is moved into after in cave and waters Water seal soil, the amount of application of biomass carbon is 150kg/666.7m2
Embodiment 3
JIUYUE 29 days then, along the direction drilling pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa 8-10kg/666.7m of vega ridging2(concrete consumption is fertile according to soil Power adjusts, and the low then application rate of soil fertility improves, and soil fertility height then application rate reduces), depth of planting is 4cm, and next year is at cigarette First 40 days of transplantation of seedlings, carries out rotary tillage process to the plot planting pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa, and the rotary tillage degree of depth is 13cm, then by soil to pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa carries out burying covering, and the length of embedment of pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa is 18cm, and the fresh grass embedment amount of pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa is 1300kg/666.7m2;Purple After flower Vicia dasycarpa turns over 18 days, to soil ridging and in Shang Wa cave, ridge, biomass carbon, base manure is uniform, so with mixing with soil in cave After tobacco seedlings is moved in cave, grave mound after watering, the amount of application of biomass carbon is 60kg/666.7m2
Embodiment 4
JIUYUE 29 days then, along the direction drilling pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa 10kg/666.7m of vega ridging2(can adjust according to soil fertility, The low then application rate of soil fertility improves, and soil fertility height then application rate reduces), depth of planting is 4cm, and next year is before tobacco seedlings is transplanted 40 days, the plot planting pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa being carried out rotary tillage process, the rotary tillage degree of depth is 13cm, then soil is carried out pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa Burying and cover, the length of embedment of pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa is 18cm, and the fresh grass embedment amount of pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa is 1200kg/666.7m2;Pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa turns over After pressing 18 days, biomass carbon is spread fertilizer over the fields with base manure mixing tailing edge ridging centrage, then ridging in Shang Wa cave, ridge, tobacco seedlings is moved Entering the grave mound that waters after in cave, the amount of application of biomass carbon is 300kg/666.7m2
Embodiment 5
For the yellowish soil vega of moistening-Semi-humid area hilly upland, the gradient in hillside fields < 20 degree:
JIUYUE 22 days then, along the direction drilling rye grass 4.5kg/666.7m of vega ridging2, depth of planting is 4cm, and next year exists Tobacco seedlings is transplanted first 40 days, and the plot of plantation rye grass is carried out rotary tillage process, and the rotary tillage degree of depth is 13cm, then by soil to rye (Secale cereale L.) Grass carries out burying covering, and the length of embedment of rye grass is 18cm, and the fresh grass embedment amount of rye grass is 1400kg/666.7m2;Rye grass turns over It is after pressing 18 days, to soil ridging and in Shang Wa cave, ridge, biomass carbon, vega conditioner, base manure is uniform with mixing with soil in cave, Then moving in cave by tobacco seedlings, grave mound after watering, the amount of application of biomass carbon is 50kg/666.7m2, described vega is nursed one's health Agent is: attapulgite 10 parts, potassium humate 5 parts, zeolite powder 3 parts, polyacrylamide 3 parts, potassium nitrate 2 parts, plant ash 6 parts, boron 0.5 part of sand, 0.3 part of magnesium sulfate, 25 parts of flyash, its amount of application is 40kg/666.7m2
Embodiment 6
For the yellowish soil vega of moistening-Semi-humid area hilly upland, the gradient in hillside fields < 20 degree:
JIUYUE 22 days then, along the direction drilling rye grass 5kg/666.7m of vega ridging2(can adjust according to soil fertility, soil The low then application rate of fertility improves, and soil fertility height then application rate reduces), depth of planting is 4cm, and next year transplants front 40 in tobacco seedlings My god, the plot of plantation rye grass is carried out rotary tillage process, the rotary tillage degree of depth is 13cm, then soil is buried rye grass and covers, The length of embedment of rye grass is 18cm, and the fresh grass embedment amount of rye grass is 1500kg/666.7m2;After rye grass turns over 18 days, will Biomass carbon spreads fertilizer over the fields with base manure and vega regulator mixing tailing edge ridging centrage, then ridging in Shang Wa cave, ridge, by tobacco seedlings Water after in immigration cave grave mound, and the amount of application of biomass carbon is 150kg/666.7m2, described vega conditioner is: concavo-convex 10 parts of rod soil, potassium humate 5 parts, zeolite powder 3 parts, polyacrylamide 3 parts, potassium nitrate 2 parts, plant ash 6 parts, Borax 0.5 part, sulfur Acid 0.3 part of magnesium, 25 parts of flyash, its amount of application is 40kg/666.7m2
Embodiment 7
For the yellowish soil vega of moistening-Semi-humid area hilly upland, the gradient in hillside fields < 20 degree:
JIUYUE 29 days then, along the direction drilling pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa 8-10kg/666.7m of vega ridging2(concrete consumption is fertile according to soil Power adjusts, and the low then application rate of soil fertility improves, and soil fertility height then application rate reduces), depth of planting is 4cm, and next year is at cigarette First 40 days of transplantation of seedlings, carries out rotary tillage process to the plot planting pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa, and the rotary tillage degree of depth is 13cm, then by soil to pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa carries out burying covering, and the length of embedment of pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa is 18cm, and the fresh grass embedment amount of pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa is 1300kg/666.7m2;Purple After flower Vicia dasycarpa turns over 18 days, to soil ridging and in Shang Wa cave, ridge, by biomass carbon, vega conditioner and base manure and soil in cave Mix homogeneously, then moves in cave by tobacco seedlings, grave mound after watering, and the amount of application of biomass carbon is 60kg/666.7m2;Institute Stating vega conditioner is: attapulgite 15 parts, potassium humate 7 parts, zeolite powder 5 parts, polyacrylamide 4 parts, potassium nitrate 4 parts, grass Wood ash 8 parts, Borax 1.0 parts, 1.5 parts of magnesium sulfate, 35 parts of flyash, its amount of application 60/666.7m2
Embodiment 8
For the yellowish soil vega of moistening-Semi-humid area hilly upland, the gradient in hillside fields < 20 degree:
JIUYUE 29 days then, along the direction drilling pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa 10kg/666.7m of vega ridging2(can adjust according to soil fertility, The low then application rate of soil fertility improves, and soil fertility height then application rate reduces), depth of planting is 4cm, and next year is before tobacco seedlings is transplanted 40 days, the plot planting pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa being carried out rotary tillage process, the rotary tillage degree of depth is 13cm, then soil is carried out pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa Burying and cover, the length of embedment of pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa is 18cm, and the fresh grass embedment amount of pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa is 1200kg/666.7m2;Pale reddish brown Vicia dasycarpa turns over After pressing 18 days, biomass carbon, vega regulator are spread fertilizer over the fields with base manure mixing tailing edge ridging centrage, then ridging digging on ridge Cave, moves into the grave mound that waters after in cave by tobacco seedlings, and the amount of application of biomass carbon is 300kg/666.7m2, described vega is nursed one's health Agent is: attapulgite 20 parts, potassium humate (meeting the Q/YJB022-2003 project indicator) 10 parts, zeolite powder 6 parts, polyacrylamide Amine 5 parts, potassium nitrate 6 parts, plant ash 10 parts, Borax 1.5 parts, 2.0 parts of magnesium sulfate, 50 parts of flyash, its amount of application is 80kg/ 666.7m2
In embodiment 1-8, described biomass carbon is agricultural wastes carbonizing productions after 300-450 DEG C of anaerobic treatment, Particle diameter is 0.5-2mm, and amount of application is 50-100kg/666.7m2, described agricultural wastes are Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, rice husk, wheat and corn straw The combination of one or more in stalk, tobacco rod;The component of described base manure and amount of application be: 12-15-18 fertilizer special for tobacco 900kg/hm2, potassium sulfate (50% K2O) 75kg/hm2With fertilizer 150kg/hm2(N+P2O5+K2O=4%).
Other fertilising and cultivation management measure are all carried out according to local conventional measure, but the more conventional fertilizer of total N content of fertilizer Material reduces 0.5-0.75kg/666.7m2
Test effect:
2013-2014, inventor uses embodiment 1-4 technical scheme to carry out land for growing field crops in Hanzhong City Nanzheng County, Shaanxi Province and Yang County Test, result shows:
Significantly improve economic benefit: average every mu of Nicotiana tabacum L. volume increase 20-50kg, every mu increases output value 400-700 unit, better-than-average Nicotiana tabacum L. Ratio improves 8-10%, and mean univalent functions brings up again high 1.1-2.3g;Amount of application of nitrogen fertilizer reduces 0.5-1.0kg/666.7m2, nitrogen fertilizer use Rate improves 8-11 percentage point, and fertilising benefit significantly improves.
Significantly improve water retention: prosperous long-term 0-20cm soil moisture content improves 6-8%;
Improve soil nutrient content: after Nicotiana tabacum L. results, Soil Available potassium content improves 20-200mg/kg, and the content of organic matter carries High 0.3-1.6g/kg;
Significantly promote the growth promoter of cigarette strain: prosperous for a long time, the index such as plant height, stem are thick, pitch, the number of blade, leaf length and Ye Kuan Amplification reaches 10.25%, 11.59%, 10.00%, 36.30%, 2.5% and 1.1% respectively;
Quality of tobacco is obviously improved: middle leaf (C3F) total sugar content improve 0.2-1.5%, potassium ion improve 0.15-0.3%, chlorine from Son reduces 0.08-0.12%, and tobacco leaf chemical composition more equalizes coordination, improves quality of tobacco;Significantly increase on cured tobacco leaf Portion's leaf (B2F) carotenoid degradation product and neophytadiene content, add cured tobacco leaf upper leaf Neutral Aroma Constituents total amount, Amplification reaches 18.53%.Wherein, the carotenoid degradation product content such as dorinone, dihydroactinidiolide, amplification reaches 20.86%. Significantly increasing middle leaf (C3F) Content of Petroleum Ether Extract, amplification reaches 15.4%.

Claims (10)

1. a tobacco field soil improvement method, it is characterised in that in soil sow green manure and next year tobacco seedlings transplant before 30-45 Green manure is turned over by it, after green manure turns over 15-20 days, soil is applied biomass carbon.
2. tobacco field soil improvement method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the fresh grass amount of turning over of described green manure is 1200kg-1500kg/666.7m2
3. tobacco field soil improvement method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the kind of described green manure is rye grass or purple Flower Vicia dasycarpa, both application rates are respectively 4-5kg/666.7m2And 8-10kg/666.7m2, sowing time JIUYUE the most then 20-27 day and JIUYUE 29-October 5.
4. tobacco field soil improvement method as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the seeding method of described green manure is along cigarette ridge Direction drilling, depth of planting is 3-5cm.
5. tobacco field soil improvement method as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that described green manure to turn over method as follows: right The plot of Green manuring carries out rotary tillage process, then soil is buried green manure and covers, and the wherein rotary tillage degree of depth is 10-15cm, green Fertile length of embedment is 15-20cm.
6. tobacco field soil improvement method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that while using biomass carbon, by 40 ~80/666.7m2Consumption apply vega conditioner, described in described soil conditioner, vega conditioner is by following weight portion Mixed raw material becomes: attapulgite 10~20 parts, potassium humate 5~10 parts, zeolite powder 3~6 parts, polyacrylamide 3~5 parts, Potassium nitrate 2~6 parts, plant ash 6~10 parts, Borax 0.5~1.5 parts, magnesium sulfate 0.3~2.0 parts, flyash 25~50 parts.
7. tobacco field soil improvement method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described biomass carbon is agricultural wastes warp Carbonizing production after 300-450 DEG C of anaerobic treatment, particle diameter is 0.5-2mm.
8. tobacco field soil improvement method as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that the occupation mode of described biomass carbon is cave Execute or row replacement:
1) spreading manuer in holes: to soil ridging and in Shang Wa cave, ridge, biomass carbon, base manure is uniform with mixing with soil in cave, and amount of application is 50-100kg/666.7m2
2) row replacement: before soil ridging, biomass carbon is spread fertilizer over the fields with base manure mixing tailing edge ridging centrage, then ridging, amount of application For 150-300kg/666.7m2
9. tobacco field soil improvement method as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that described agricultural wastes are Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, rice The combination of one or more in shell, wheat and corn straw, tobacco rod.
10. the tobacco field soil improvement method as described in claim 1-9 is arbitrary, it is characterised in that described soil is moistening-half The yellowish soil of humid region hilly upland, the gradient in hillside fields < 20 degree.
CN201610226496.3A 2016-04-13 2016-04-13 Tobacco field soil improving method Pending CN105859479A (en)

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CN106631619A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-05-10 河南艾农生物科技有限公司 Special high-carbon based soil remediation fertilizer for tobacco fields and production method and application method thereof
CN106748193A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-31 山东省农业可持续发展研究所 A kind of composite fertilizer for alkaline land soil improvement and preparation method thereof
CN106831005A (en) * 2017-04-06 2017-06-13 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 A kind of method of utilization tobacco rod charcoal with cigarette strain potassium absorption is promoted to fertilize
CN107041179A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-15 湖北省烟草科学研究院 A kind of method that utilization biomass carbon improves vega soil
CN107266163A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-10-20 四川农业大学 A kind of high charcoal base composite fertilizer of potassium utilization rate
CN107278575A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-10-24 云南省烟草公司昆明市公司 A kind of flue-cured tobacco organic implantation methods of process soil improvement
CN108207161A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-29 河南省农业科学院植物营养与资源环境研究所 Vega loosens the soil in situ promotees the methods of cultivation of nutrient synergy
CN109429603A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-03-08 湖北省烟草公司宜昌市公司 A method of vega soil is improved as green manure using polygonum flaccidum
CN109504394A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-03-22 山西农业大学 Ecological organic type compound water retaining agent and preparation method thereof and retain water and nutrients soil
CN109757336A (en) * 2019-01-17 2019-05-17 西北农林科技大学 A kind of urban ecology soil and preparation method and application
CN109776215A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-05-21 广西大学 A kind of dedicated organic sylvite magnesium class fertilizer of flue-cured tobacco and preparation method thereof
CN110066662A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-07-30 史丹利农业集团股份有限公司 A kind of functional form soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN110121975A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-08-16 澜沧良宝生物科技有限公司 A kind of soil improvement method and its application
CN110121974A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-08-16 广西中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of construction method of the fertile topsoil of Red Soil Sloping Land tobacco field
CN110402784A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-11-05 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 The method of green manure is planted and turned in advance in a kind of smoke hallway
CN110563521A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-13 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Fertilizer for improving tobacco planting soil
CN110563520A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-13 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Fertilizer for tobacco planting
CN110713421A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-01-21 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Tobacco special fertilizer for improving water retention performance of tobacco planting soil
CN111943778A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-11-17 甘肃省农业科学院土壤肥料与节水农业研究所 Organic agricultural acid soil potassium conditioner

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CN104255102A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-01-07 湖北省烟草公司恩施州公司 Method for utilizing carbonized tobacco straws returned to field to improve tobacco planting soil
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Cited By (23)

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CN106748193A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-31 山东省农业可持续发展研究所 A kind of composite fertilizer for alkaline land soil improvement and preparation method thereof
CN106631619A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-05-10 河南艾农生物科技有限公司 Special high-carbon based soil remediation fertilizer for tobacco fields and production method and application method thereof
CN106831005A (en) * 2017-04-06 2017-06-13 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 A kind of method of utilization tobacco rod charcoal with cigarette strain potassium absorption is promoted to fertilize
CN107041179A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-15 湖北省烟草科学研究院 A kind of method that utilization biomass carbon improves vega soil
CN107266163A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-10-20 四川农业大学 A kind of high charcoal base composite fertilizer of potassium utilization rate
CN107278575B (en) * 2017-07-14 2020-02-14 云南省烟草公司昆明市公司 Organic planting method for flue-cured tobacco through soil improvement
CN107278575A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-10-24 云南省烟草公司昆明市公司 A kind of flue-cured tobacco organic implantation methods of process soil improvement
CN108207161A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-29 河南省农业科学院植物营养与资源环境研究所 Vega loosens the soil in situ promotees the methods of cultivation of nutrient synergy
CN109429603A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-03-08 湖北省烟草公司宜昌市公司 A method of vega soil is improved as green manure using polygonum flaccidum
CN109429603B (en) * 2018-10-24 2021-09-07 湖北省烟草公司宜昌市公司 Method for improving tobacco field soil by using polygonum hydropiper as green manure
CN109504394A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-03-22 山西农业大学 Ecological organic type compound water retaining agent and preparation method thereof and retain water and nutrients soil
CN109757336A (en) * 2019-01-17 2019-05-17 西北农林科技大学 A kind of urban ecology soil and preparation method and application
CN109776215A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-05-21 广西大学 A kind of dedicated organic sylvite magnesium class fertilizer of flue-cured tobacco and preparation method thereof
CN110121974A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-08-16 广西中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of construction method of the fertile topsoil of Red Soil Sloping Land tobacco field
CN110066662B (en) * 2019-06-03 2021-04-09 史丹利农业集团股份有限公司 Functional soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN110066662A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-07-30 史丹利农业集团股份有限公司 A kind of functional form soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN110121975A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-08-16 澜沧良宝生物科技有限公司 A kind of soil improvement method and its application
CN110402784A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-11-05 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 The method of green manure is planted and turned in advance in a kind of smoke hallway
CN110563521A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-13 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Fertilizer for improving tobacco planting soil
CN110563520A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-13 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Fertilizer for tobacco planting
CN110713421A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-01-21 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Tobacco special fertilizer for improving water retention performance of tobacco planting soil
CN111943778A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-11-17 甘肃省农业科学院土壤肥料与节水农业研究所 Organic agricultural acid soil potassium conditioner
CN111943778B (en) * 2020-08-20 2022-03-25 甘肃省农业科学院土壤肥料与节水农业研究所 Organic agricultural acid soil potassium conditioner

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