CN106577225A - Nursing medium for melons, fruits and vegetables - Google Patents

Nursing medium for melons, fruits and vegetables Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106577225A
CN106577225A CN201611079801.7A CN201611079801A CN106577225A CN 106577225 A CN106577225 A CN 106577225A CN 201611079801 A CN201611079801 A CN 201611079801A CN 106577225 A CN106577225 A CN 106577225A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
soy sauce
sauce residues
wormcast
gourd
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611079801.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
施星仁
田端华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuxing Huzhou Golden Agriculture Ecological Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wuxing Huzhou Golden Agriculture Ecological Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuxing Huzhou Golden Agriculture Ecological Agriculture Development Co Ltd filed Critical Wuxing Huzhou Golden Agriculture Ecological Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611079801.7A priority Critical patent/CN106577225A/en
Publication of CN106577225A publication Critical patent/CN106577225A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to a nursing medium for melons, fruits and vegetables. The nursing medium mainly consists of the following components in parts by mass: 80-100 parts of coconut coir, 8-15 parts of grape wine dregs, 4-8 parts of cooked sticky rice powder, 2-6 parts of soy sauce residues, 8-10 parts of vermiculite, 20-35 parts of herbivore manure and 4-8 parts of wormcast, wherein the grape wine dregs, the cooked sticky rice powder, the soy sauce residues, the herbivore manure and the wormcast are fermented and thoroughly decomposed; the nursing medium has a pH value ranging from 5.0 to 6.5, a water absorption rate ranging from 60% to 72%, and total nutrient content ranging from 12% to 16%, can be suitable for nursing needs of various melons, fruits and vegetables, can shorten the nursing period, and improves root development of seedlings; and meanwhile, the coconut coir is adopted to replace common turfy soil in a conventional medium, so that the nursing medium has the advantages of a rich raw material source and good gas permeability.

Description

A kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural biotechnologies and product technical field, more particularly to a kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium.
Background technology
At present conventional seedling medium be based on turfy soil, garden mould, it is flourishing because turfy soil is a kind of non-renewable resources Country has begun to prohibit the use of turfy soil crop seedling or planting matrix, using the substrate based on turfy soil, in seedling raising process In, it may appear that following shortcoming:1) the easy conjunctiva in surface, is difficult the phenomenon that seeps water, and causes Jing to water for many times but still shows seedling hydropenia; 2) seepage of water is poor, and after repeatedly watering, because seepage of water is poor, moisture is easily deposited on container for plant growth bottom, performance hydropenia above occurs, Hydrops excessively should not root growth below substrate.And adopt the substrate based on garden mould in seedling raising process, it may appear that following shortcoming: 1) permeable breathable is poor;2) disease is more;3) crop smothering is more;4) the excessive very few difficult control of rich water quality management.
It is a kind of feasible scheme to replace turfy soil and garden mould using coconut palm chaff, and coconut palm chaff has wide material sources, ventilative water permeability Good the characteristics of, but the substrate based on coconut palm chaff has that matrix adhesion and retentiveness are poor mostly.
The content of the invention
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, there is provided a kind of based on coconut palm chaff, nutriment in a fertilizer abundance, water conservation good permeability and energy Significantly shorten the substrate of gourd, fruit and vegetable growing-seedling period, the present invention provides technical scheme below:
A kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium, is made up of the following component in terms of mass fraction:Coconut palm chaff 80-100 part, wine brewer's grains 8- 15 parts, ripe glutinous rice flour 4-8 parts, soy sauce residues 2-6 parts, Vermiculitum 8-10 parts, herbivore feces 20-35 parts, wormcast 4-8 parts;Institute State wine brewer's grains, ripe glutinous rice flour, soy sauce residues, herbivore feces, wormcast to become thoroughly decomposed by fermentation.
Coconut palm chaff is used to replace turfy soil, has the advantages that breathability, sponginess be good, raw material sources are wide, but coconut palm chaff itself Caking property and water retention property it is poor, the present invention improves the caking property and retentiveness of substrate by adding ripe glutinous rice flour, and ripe glutinous Rice flour easily increases host alkaline after becoming thoroughly decomposed, therefore adds the wine brewer's grains for becoming thoroughly decomposed to be used for balancing alkalinity acidity, meanwhile, wine brewer's grains Middle nutrient content is high, can provide abundant natural nutrient in a balanced way for the germination of seed and the growth of seedling;The addition of soy sauce residues The development of seedlings root can then be promoted, promote seedling for the absorption of nutrient in substrate;Herbivore feces are then with wormcast Substrate provides the organic matter of cheap and high-quality.Each raw material cooperates, complements each other in the present invention so that the acid-base value of substrate, The content of organic matter, ventilative water-retaining property reach optimum level.
Further, it is made up of the following component in terms of mass fraction:90 parts of coconut palm chaff, 11 parts of wine brewer's grains, ripe glutinous rice flour 6 Part, 4 parts of soy sauce residues, 9 parts of Vermiculitum, 30 parts of herbivore feces, 6 parts of wormcast;The wine brewer's grains, ripe glutinous rice flour, soy sauce residues, Herbivore feces, wormcast become thoroughly decomposed by fermentation.Seedling medium under aforementioned proportion is that mixed economy cost is imitated with using The optimum proportioning for really drawing after two aspect factors.
Further, the herbivore feces and the mass ratio of wormcast are 4-6:1, wormcast compares herbivore excrement Just it is easier to be absorbed by seedling, but the unit cost of wormcast is slightly above herbivore feces, therefore, ensureing organic On the premise of matter content abundance, the ratio of wormcast should be reduced suitably.
Further, the soy sauce residues are before fermentation maturity, carry out drainage de-salting operation, the drainage de-salting operation be by Soy sauce residues are placed in the water of its volume 5-6 times carries out desalination, then soy sauce residues are leached so that the salinity of soy sauce residues below 8%, Moisture is below 20%, although the accounting of soy sauce residues is not high in the present invention, but due to salinity in undressed soy sauce residues Content is higher, still may bring the problem of substrate salinization, and because Sodium Chloride is soluble in water, therefore the method using drainage sloughs Unnecessary salinity, process is simple, low cost.
Further, also including bean curd 3-5 parts, the bean curd is through fully fermentation, water content in 60-70%, experiment card It is bright, by fermentation after bean curd have suppress pest and disease damage and improve the seedlings root speed of growth effect, be in a ratio of addition bean Rotten substrate, add the substrate caking property of a small amount of bean curd more preferably, seedling dry matter accumulation more rapidly.
Further, the herbivore feces are the mass ratio of the mixture of cattle manure and chicken manure, the cattle manure and chicken manure For 3-4:1.
The beneficial effects of the present invention is:
(1), turfy soil is replaced using coconut palm chaff, have the advantages that raw material sources extensively, low cost, good permeability;
(2), pH value be 5.0-6.5, water absorption rate be 60-72%, total nutrient 12-16%, various gourd, fruit and vegetables can be applied to Nursery demand;
(3), can significantly shorten growing-seedling period, improve seedlings root developmental level.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1,
A kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium, is made up of the following component in terms of mass fraction:90 parts of coconut palm chaff, 11 parts of wine brewer's grains, 6 parts of ripe glutinous rice flour, 4 parts of soy sauce residues, 9 parts of Vermiculitum, 24 parts of cattle manure, 6 parts of chicken manure, 6 parts of wormcast;The wine brewer's grains, ripe Oryza glutinosa Powder, soy sauce residues, herbivore feces, wormcast become thoroughly decomposed by fermentation.
The soy sauce residues carry out drainage de-salting operation before fermentation maturity, and the drainage de-salting operation is to put soy sauce residues Desalination is carried out in the water of its volume 5-6 times, then soy sauce residues are leached so that the salinity of soy sauce residues is below 8%, moisture exists Less than 20%.
Embodiment 2,
A kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium, is made up of the following component in terms of mass fraction:90 parts of coconut palm chaff, 11 parts of wine brewer's grains, 6 parts of ripe glutinous rice flour, 4 parts of soy sauce residues, 9 parts of Vermiculitum, 24 parts of cattle manure, 6 parts of chicken manure, 6 parts of wormcast, 4 parts of bean curd;The wine Slag, ripe glutinous rice flour, soy sauce residues, herbivore feces, wormcast, bean curd become thoroughly decomposed by fermentation.
The soy sauce residues carry out drainage de-salting operation before fermentation maturity, and the drainage de-salting operation is to put soy sauce residues Desalination is carried out in the water of its volume 5-6 times, then soy sauce residues are leached so that the salinity of soy sauce residues is below 8%, moisture exists Less than 20%.
Embodiment 3,
A kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium, is made up of the following component in terms of mass fraction:It is 80 parts of coconut palm chaff, 8 parts of wine brewer's grains, ripe 4 parts of glutinous rice flour, 2 parts of soy sauce residues, 8 parts of Vermiculitum, 20 parts of cattle manure, 5 parts of chicken manure, 5 parts of wormcast, 4 parts of bean curd;The wine brewer's grains, Ripe glutinous rice flour, soy sauce residues, herbivore feces, wormcast, bean curd become thoroughly decomposed by fermentation.
The soy sauce residues carry out drainage de-salting operation before fermentation maturity, and the drainage de-salting operation is to put soy sauce residues Desalination is carried out in the water of its volume 5-6 times, then soy sauce residues are leached so that the salinity of soy sauce residues is below 8%, moisture exists Less than 20%.
Embodiment 4,
A kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium, is made up of the following component in terms of mass fraction:100 parts of coconut palm chaff, 15 parts of wine brewer's grains, 8 parts of ripe glutinous rice flour, 6 parts of soy sauce residues, 10 parts of Vermiculitum, 20 parts of cattle manure, 5 parts of chicken manure, 5 parts of wormcast, 4 parts of bean curd;The wine Slag, ripe glutinous rice flour, soy sauce residues, herbivore feces, wormcast, bean curd become thoroughly decomposed by fermentation.
The soy sauce residues carry out drainage de-salting operation before fermentation maturity, and the drainage de-salting operation is to put soy sauce residues Desalination is carried out in the water of its volume 5-6 times, then soy sauce residues are leached so that the salinity of soy sauce residues is below 8%, moisture exists Less than 20%.
Embodiment 5,
A kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium, is made up of the following component in terms of mass fraction:90 parts of coconut palm chaff, 11 parts of wine brewer's grains, 6 parts of ripe glutinous rice flour, 4 parts of soy sauce residues, 9 parts of Vermiculitum, 24 parts of cattle manure, 6 parts of chicken manure, 6 parts of wormcast, 4 parts of bean curd;The wine Slag, ripe glutinous rice flour, soy sauce residues, herbivore feces, wormcast, bean curd become thoroughly decomposed by fermentation, and the soy sauce residues are filtered Water desalination is operated, and salt content is 68%.
Embodiment 1-5 is respectively adopted carries out the seedling growth test of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti and Fructus Cucumidis sativi, when cucumber seedling reach length have two panels true leaf, Tomato seedling reaches length when having 4-5 piece true leaves, the indexs such as the thick, root dry weight of plant plant height, stem is recorded respectively, every time with 5 plants as one Individual unit surveys its meansigma methods, and test data is as follows:
Analysis upper table is understood, is strengthened as seedling medium is optimal for cucumber seedling and tomato seedling are respectively provided with using embodiment 2 Seedling performance;Relative analyses embodiment 1 understands that the appropriate bean curd of addition is sent out for plant height and root system with the test data of embodiment 2 The impact educated more is projected;Relative analyses embodiment 5 understands the de-salting operation of soy sauce residues for stem with the test data of embodiment 2 Thick impact is more projected.
With above-mentioned foundation desirable embodiment of the present invention as enlightenment, by above-mentioned description, relevant staff is complete Various change and modification can be carried out in the range of without departing from this invention technological thought.This invention it is technical Scope is not limited to the content in description, it is necessary to its technical scope is determined according to right.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium, it is characterised in that be made up of the following component in terms of mass fraction:Coconut palm chaff 80-100 Part, wine brewer's grains 8-15 parts, ripe glutinous rice flour 4-8 parts, soy sauce residues 2-6 parts, Vermiculitum 8-10 parts, herbivore feces 20-35 parts, earthworm Earthworm excrement 4-8 parts;The wine brewer's grains, ripe glutinous rice flour, soy sauce residues, herbivore feces, wormcast become thoroughly decomposed by fermentation.
2. a kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that by terms of mass fraction it is following into It is grouped into:90 parts of coconut palm chaff, 11 parts of wine brewer's grains, 6 parts of ripe glutinous rice flour, 4 parts of soy sauce residues, 9 parts of Vermiculitum, 30 parts of herbivore feces, 6 parts of wormcast;The wine brewer's grains, ripe glutinous rice flour, soy sauce residues, herbivore feces, wormcast become thoroughly decomposed by fermentation.
3. a kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The herbivore feces and Lumbricuss The mass ratio of excrement is 4-6:1.
4. a kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The soy sauce residues are in fermentation maturity Before, drainage de-salting operation is carried out, the drainage de-salting operation is to be placed in soy sauce residues in the water of its volume 5-6 times to carry out desalination, Soy sauce residues are leached again so that the salinity of soy sauce residues is below 8%, moisture is below 20%.
5. a kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include bean curd 3-5 parts, the bean Corruption is through fully fermentation, water content in 60-70%.
6. a kind of gourd, fruit and vegetable seedling medium as described in any one in claim 1-5, it is characterised in that:The food grass is dynamic Thing feces are the mixture of cattle manure and chicken manure, and the cattle manure is 3-4 with the mass ratio of chicken manure:1.
CN201611079801.7A 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 Nursing medium for melons, fruits and vegetables Pending CN106577225A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611079801.7A CN106577225A (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 Nursing medium for melons, fruits and vegetables

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN107125119A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-09-05 东至县云之慧农业开发有限公司 It is a kind of to be used for the environment-friendly type culture matrix of green organic vegetable seedling
CN108812187A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-16 周海波 A kind of crops seedling medium and preparation method thereof

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CN108812187A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-16 周海波 A kind of crops seedling medium and preparation method thereof

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