CN104255420A - Melon disease prevention and growth promotion seedling cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Melon disease prevention and growth promotion seedling cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104255420A
CN104255420A CN201410563082.0A CN201410563082A CN104255420A CN 104255420 A CN104255420 A CN 104255420A CN 201410563082 A CN201410563082 A CN 201410563082A CN 104255420 A CN104255420 A CN 104255420A
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seedling
melon
seedling medium
seedling cultivation
cultivation matrix
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CN104255420B (en
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郝永娟
刘春艳
霍建飞
王万立
刘晓琳
王勇
高苇
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TIANJIN PLANT PROTECTION INSTITUTE
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TIANJIN PLANT PROTECTION INSTITUTE
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/40Fertilisers incorporated into a matrix

Abstract

The invention discloses a melon disease prevention and growth promotion seedling cultivation matrix and a preparation method thereof. The melon disease prevention and growth promotion seedling cultivation matrix consists of a composite seedling cultivation matrix and a pesticide mixture, wherein the composite seedling cultivation matrix contains, by volume ratio, wormcast 2-3 parts, thoroughly decomposed mushroom residues 1-2 parts, chicken manure 0.5 part, vermiculite 0.5 part and 15% multi-effect triazole wettable powder 10 g-20 g/m<3>. The pesticide mixture contains, by weight of 1:1, 25% metalaxyl wettable powder and 50% thiram wettable powder. By means of the melon disease prevention and growth promotion seedling cultivation matrix prepared by the preparation method, seedling cultivation nutrient solutions are not needed to be supplemented, seedlings are order, healthy and strong and do not excessively grow, root systems are prosperous, and melon vegetable diseases at a seedling stage can be prevented.

Description

Long seedling medium and preparation method thereof is urged in a kind of melon diseases prevention
technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture plant protection technical field, relating to a kind of melon diseases prevention and urge long seedling medium and technology of preparing thereof, is a kind of seedling medium promoting gourd vegetables healthy growth in particular.
Background technology
Along with the development of industrialized agriculture large-scale planting, factorial seedling growth becomes development trend, and seedling medium is the most basic link of factorial seedling growth, and its recipe requirements cost is low, and growth safety could adapt to industry demand.Substrate seedling refers to the modernization seedling-cultivating method with all kinds of crop rice shoot of the rapid large scale cultivating of culture matrix or seed seedling in a constant volume device.Compare with conventional seedbed system, have that Miao Cheng is short, straight uniform of emerging, planting percent are high, save labour, disease is light, seedling growing process is easy to standardization, seedling is convenient to long-distance transport and the field of circulating becomes the advantages such as commercial seedling, applied rapidly aborning, become the part of current facility cultivation.At present, the composite interstitial substance of the many employings of domestic and international grow seedlings of vegetable based on the peat composed of rotten mosses.But, due to the inhomogeneities of peat composed of rotten mosses resource distribution and non-renewable, not only make seedling cost constantly increase, and badly influence protection of resources.Therefore, development of new material has been subject to most attention both domestic and external as seedling medium.Wormcast has good granular structure, loose appropriateness, and permeability is good, and acid-base value is neutral, and aqueous vapor is in harmonious proportion, and has the performance of water conservation, fertilizer conservation; And its mineral nutrient enriches, and active ingredient is high, and the content of organic matter is many, containing the multiple enzyme, humus and the plant hormone substance that are beneficial to plant growth.Vermiculture industry is risen from the 80's of 20th century in China, and the ground such as Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Ningxia, Yunnan all have the vermiculture field of different scales, and wormcast annual production reaches few hundred thousand tonnes of.Therefore, wormcast has been subject to relevant scholar as seedling medium and has shown great attention to.By wormcast and the mixing of vermiculite different proportion, filter out the seedling medium in tomato, eggplant, capsicum, cucumber, watermelon, wild cabbage nursery.
Mushroom slag is the waste material after edible fungus culturing, belong to a kind of organic waste, due to greatly developing of edible mushroom in recent years, the environmental pressure that mushroom slag waste material brings for China is more and more obvious, every year in mushroom-cultivating area, adopt a large amount of mushroom slag waste materials that mushroom terminates rear generation to pile up everywhere, long-term stacking not only can cause nutrient loss to waste resource, serious pollution is caused to environment, and often carry a large amount of pathogens in discarded waste material of edible mushroom, as dealing carefully with and can bring great hidden danger to the production of edible mushroom not in time.How to process mushroom slag waste material own through being current environment department and mushroom industry institute urgent problem.Mushroom slag waste material is made up of organic matters such as cotton seed hulls, corncob, rice chaff, and also containing a large amount of nutriments and multiple metabolite, Appropriate application mushroom slag not only alleviates environmental pressure, can also turn waste into wealth, and realizes recycling of organic waste.Mushroom slag is a kind of potential good Peat substitution thing, but there is the problems such as electrical conductivity is higher.Mushroom slag owing to have passed through sufficient decomposition in mushroom-cultivating process, and structure composition tends towards stability, and is similar to the granular structure of soil.There is contaminated environment equally in Chinese herb residues, simultaneously containing abundant nutriment and Flavonoid substances.Utilize Chinese medicine slag and mushroom slag improvement soil, make biological organic fertilizer and have been reported.
Melon crop strong seedling on producing is the guarantee of high yield.Seedling stage of melon disease is insoluble problem in seedling raising process, main based on damping off, damping off, Prevention Technique mainly comprises soil disinfection and fills with root etc., but these prophylactico-therapeutic measuress, often because the reasons such as operating technology cause control efficiency undesirable, also can produce the problems such as residue of pesticide exceed standard in addition.Seedling medium nutrition combined with disease control is ensureing vegetable growth; on the basis of yield and quality; add medicament by seedling medium to prevent and treat fungal disease in seedling stage; from source, disease is prevented and treated; and matrix enters field of vegetables with transplanting; form root protection district, effectively can intercept the intrusion of field pathogen, thus ensure the normal growth of seedling.For ensureing that the healthy and stable development of vegetables industry is a new direction of present seedling medium, have broad application prospects., the control of silborne fungal diseases combines with crops seedling stage nutrient requirement characteristics in seedling stage, therefrom filter out the disease-resistant special seedling medium of applicable melon growth, this technology not only utilizes mushroom slag part to replace the peat composed of rotten mosses, solves traditional nursery resource scarcity, Nutrition Soil proportioning is difficult to grasp, disease pest and weed is difficult to the difficult problems of long-standing problem China Vegetable produce such as controls. and peasant can be made to free from loaded down with trivial details nursery is worked.Meet Vegetable produce reality, can large scale application.
summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the production problem for solving healthy nursery stock in melon nursery, the invention discloses for this reason
A long seedling medium is urged in melon diseases prevention, it is characterized in that it is made up of compound seedling medium and pharmaceutical mixture;
Consisting of of wherein said compound seedling medium: volume ratio wormcast 2-3 part, the mushroom slag 1-2 part become thoroughly decomposed, chicken manure 0.5 part, vermiculite 0.5 part; 15% paclobutrazol wetting powder 10g-20g/m 3; Described pharmaceutical mixture is: 25% metalaxyl wetting powder and 50% thiram wettable powder are by ratio of weight and the number of copies for 1:1 forms.
The present invention further discloses melon diseases prevention and urge long seedling medium, preparation method, it is characterized in that being undertaken by following step:
(1) by wormcast, mushroom slag, chicken manure and the vermiculite 2-3:1-2:0.5:0.5 by volume that becomes thoroughly decomposed, mix, add 15% paclobutrazol wetting powder 10g-20g/m 3mix thoroughly as compound seedling medium;
(2) by 25% metalaxyl wetting powder and the 1:1 mixing by ratio of weight and the number of copies of 50% thiram wettable powder, pharmaceutical mixture is made;
(3) with above-mentioned seedling medium diluent agent composition to 2000 times-2500 times (mass volume ratio).
The present invention further discloses the application of melon diseases prevention promoting growth of seedling matrix on prevention gourd vegetables sprout term disease.Particularly preventing and treating the application in damping off and damping off crop seedling.And the application in preventive effect cucumber at seedling stage crop seedling.
Wormcast of the present invention raises earthworm for utilizing cow dung and Chinese herb residues for nutrient, after earthworm digestion, be converted into wormcast.Described mushroom slag is the waste material of the production flat mushroom based on cotton seed hulls, through fermentation maturity of banking up.Described chicken manure is the cicken feces dried become thoroughly decomposed.
The more detailed preparation method of the present invention is as follows:
The invention provides a kind of melon diseases prevention and urge long seedling medium.It is by wormcast, mushroom slag, chicken manure and the vermiculite 2-3:1-2:0.5:0.5 by volume that becomes thoroughly decomposed, mixes, adds 15% paclobutrazol wetting powder 10g-20g/m 3mix thoroughly as compound seedling medium, 25% metalaxyl wetting powder and 50% thiram wettable powder 1:1(mass ratio) pharmaceutical mixture, with above-mentioned seedling medium diluent agent composition to 2000 times-2500 times (mass volume ratio).
Wormcast of the present invention: for utilizing cow dung and Chinese herb residues to raise earthworm for nutrient, be converted into wormcast after earthworm digestion.The content of organic matter of this wormcast is 25%-35%, and hydrolyzable nitrogen is 5.0%-6.0%, and rapid available phosphorus is 7.5%-8.0%, and available potassium is 30%-35%, content of humic acid 20%-30%, PH6.5-7.5, EC value 2.0-2.5.It is generally the wormcast using vermiculture factory or market to buy.
Mushroom slag of the present invention, the waste material of the production flat mushroom based on cotton seed hulls, through fermenting tank for fermentation or fermentation maturity of banking up.Mushroom slag content of organic matter 40%-45%, full nitrogen 2.5%-3.0%, full phosphorus 0.5%-1.0%, full potassium 2.0%-2.5%, PH 8.0-8.5, EC value 1.5-2.0.It is generally the mushroom slag using flat mushroom grown place or buy in market.
Chicken manure of the present invention, the cicken feces dried become thoroughly decomposed.Content of organic matter 30%-35%, full nitrogen 2.0%-2.5%, full phosphorus 2.0%-2.5%, full potassium 1.5%-2.0%, PH 7.5-7.8, EC value 1.5-2.0.Generally be used in the cicken feces dried bought in market.
15% paclobutrazol wetting powder of the present invention, 25% metalaxyl wetting powder and 50% thiram wettable powder are commercially available agricultural chemicals.
Melon diseases prevention promoting growth of seedling matrix of the present invention, proportioning is wormcast: mushroom slag: chicken manure: vermiculite volume ratio 2-3:1-2:0.5:0.5,15% paclobutrazol wetting powder 10g-20g/m 3, 25% metalaxyl wetting powder and 50% thiram wettable powder 1:1(mass ratio) and pharmaceutical mixture, with above-mentioned seedling medium diluent agent composition to 2000 times-2500 times (mass volume ratio).
This seedling medium content of organic matter 35%-40%, full nitrogen 4.0%-4.5%, full phosphorus 3.50%-4.0%, full potassium 15%-20%, PH 7.0-7.2, EC value 1.5-2.0.The existing forms of this seedling medium is Fluffy powdery mixture.
Melon diseases prevention promoting growth of seedling matrix of the present invention is applied in melon crop nursery.
The present invention has the following advantages after realizing:
(1) decreasing pollution source, environment purification; Turn waste into wealth, improve resource utilization, reduce production cost, have important practical significance.
(2) this matrix is rich in organic matter, humus and various nutriment, containing a large amount of beneficial bacterium in fermentation product, simultaneously containing plant growth regulator and bactericide, can meet the nutriment needed for plant strain growth process, solve excessive growth problem,
Prevent the generation of seedling sudden fall ill and damping off, without the need to Additional nutrient solution, need not bactericide be sprayed; Time and labour saving, seedling cost reduces.
Embodiment
In order to simple and clearly object, the hereafter appropriate description eliminating known technology, in order to avoid the description of those unnecessary details impact to the technical program.Below in conjunction with test examples, the present invention is described further.Wherein wormcast,
Mushroom slag, cicken feces dried are by commercially available.15% paclobutrazol wetting powder of the present invention, 25% metalaxyl wetting powder and 50% thiram wettable powder are commercially available agricultural chemicals.
The preparation of the melon seedling medium of embodiment 1
By wormcast, mushroom slag, chicken manure and the vermiculite 2:1:0.5:0.5 by volume that becomes thoroughly decomposed, get 2L respectively, 1L, 0.5L, 0.5L, add 15% paclobutrazol wetting powder 40g, mix.Claim 25% metalaxyl wetting powder 1g, 50% thiram wettable powder 1g, mixes, and the mixture of medicament and above-mentioned seedling medium is mixed thoroughly and is seedling medium diluent agent composition 2000 times.
Embodiment 2
By wormcast, mushroom slag, chicken manure and the vermiculite 2:1:0.5:0.5 by volume that becomes thoroughly decomposed, get 2L respectively, 1L, 0.5L, 0.5L, add 15% paclobutrazol wetting powder 40g, mix.Claim 25% metalaxyl wetting powder 0.8g, 50% thiram wettable powder 0.8g, mixes, and the mixture of medicament and above-mentioned seedling medium is mixed thoroughly and is seedling medium diluent agent composition 2500 times.
Embodiment 3
By wormcast, mushroom slag, chicken manure and the vermiculite 3:1:0.5:0.5 by volume that becomes thoroughly decomposed, get 3L respectively, 1L, 0.5L, 0.5L, add 15% paclobutrazol wetting powder 75g, mix.Claim 25% metalaxyl wetting powder 1.25g, 50% thiram wettable powder 1.25g, mixes, and the mixture of medicament and above-mentioned seedling medium is mixed thoroughly and is seedling medium diluent agent composition 2000 times.
Embodiment 4
By wormcast, mushroom slag, chicken manure and the vermiculite 2:2:0.5:0.5 by volume that becomes thoroughly decomposed, get 2L respectively, 2L, 0.5L, 0.5L, add 15% paclobutrazol wetting powder 40g, mix.Claim 25% metalaxyl wetting powder 1g, 50% thiram wettable powder 1g, mixes, and the mixture of medicament and above-mentioned seedling medium is mixed thoroughly and is seedling medium diluent agent composition 2500 times.
Above embodiment 1 is optimum proportioning, and melon seedling robust growth, without excessive growth phenomenon, seldom disease occurs.
Comparative test:
6 process are established in test:
2 composite interstitial substances: by wormcast, the mushroom slag, chicken manure and the vermiculite that become thoroughly decomposed by volume 2:1:0.5:0.5 mix;
3 disease-resistant seedling mediums: mixed by 1:1 with 50% thiram wettable powder by 25% metalaxyl wetting powder, mix by 2500 times (mass volume ratios) with compound seedling medium.
3, disease-resistant seedling medium connects bacterium: mixed by 1:1 with 50% thiram wettable powder by 25% metalaxyl wetting powder, mix by 2500 times (mass volume ratios) with compound seedling medium, then mix by 1:10 (volume mass ratio) with the bacteria suspension of the former bacterium of damping off and pathogen of dampinging off;
4, composite interstitial substance connects bacterium: to be mixed with compound seedling medium by 1:10 (volume mass than) by the bacteria suspension of former for damping off bacterium and pathogen of dampinging off and all hook;
5, conventional seedbed system matrix: the peat composed of rotten mosses and vermiculite are pressed 2:1 and mixes;
6, conventional seedbed system matrix connects bacterium: mixed with peat composed of rotten mosses vermiculite 2:1 matrix by 1:10 (volume mass ratio) by the bacteria suspension of former for damping off bacterium and pathogen of dampinging off.
Adopt 50 cave dishes, every bunch planting kind 2 cucumber seeds showed money or valuables one carries unintentionally, after planting 10 days investigation emergence rates, investigate cucumber seedling plant height in 35 days, stem are thick, leaf area and chlorophyll content, damping off and damping off mixing incidence.Use chlorophyll tacheometer, measure the chlorophyll content in leaf blades of different disposal plant same area.
Conclusion: the emergence rate of each process is that composite interstitial substance is up to 95.5%, higher than contrast conventional substrate peat composed of rotten mosses vermiculite, the process connecing bacterium is the highest by 90.5% with disease-resistant seedling medium; Maximum slightly with disease-resistant seedling medium of plant height and stem, be respectively 21.37 cm and 0.439cm, chlorophyll and leaf area are maximum with disease-resistant compound seedling medium equally, and the process that peat composed of rotten mosses vermiculite mixture connects bacterium is minimum.Each growth indexes display, the nursery effect of disease-resistant seedling medium is best, and the growth of disease-resistant seedling medium to plant is better than conventional seedbed system matrix, and emerges early than conventional seedbed system process.Investigate the sick fingering row of cucumber seedling after connecing bacterium, the disease of disease-resistant seedling medium refers to be 10.5, and the disease of conventional seedbed system matrix treatments refers to be 78.9, and the preventive effect of disease-resistant seedling medium is 86.69%.The generation of disease-resistant seedling medium energy effectively preventing damping off and damping off is described.And disease symptom is lighter.In factorial seedling growth process, large batch of cucumber carries out nursery simultaneously, and sprout term disease seriously occurs, and loses inestimable.Adopt disease-resistant seedling medium for nursery to the good preventive effect effect of cucumber at seedling stage, reduce the loss.
After the preferred embodiment described in detail, be familiar with this technology personage can be well understood to, do not departing under above-mentioned claim and spirit and can carry out various change and amendment, allly according to technical spirit of the present invention, any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification are done to above embodiment, all belong to the scope of technical solution of the present invention.And the present invention is not also by the restriction of example embodiment in specification.

Claims (5)

1. a long seedling medium is urged in melon diseases prevention, it is characterized in that it is made up of compound seedling medium and pharmaceutical mixture;
Consisting of of wherein said compound seedling medium: volume ratio wormcast 2-3 part, the mushroom slag 1-2 part become thoroughly decomposed, chicken manure 0.5 part, vermiculite 0.5 part; 15% paclobutrazol wetting powder 10g-20g/m 3; Described pharmaceutical mixture is: 25% metalaxyl wetting powder and 50% thiram wettable powder are by ratio of weight and the number of copies for 1:1 forms.
2. long seedling medium is urged in melon diseases prevention described in claim 1, preparation method, it is characterized in that being undertaken by following step:
(1) by wormcast, mushroom slag, chicken manure and the vermiculite 2-3:1-2:0.5:0.5 by volume that becomes thoroughly decomposed, mix, add 15% paclobutrazol wetting powder 10g-20g/m 3mix thoroughly as compound seedling medium;
(2) by 25% metalaxyl wetting powder and the 1:1 mixing by ratio of weight and the number of copies of 50% thiram wettable powder, pharmaceutical mixture is made;
(3) with above-mentioned seedling medium diluent agent composition to 2000 times-2500 times (w/v).
3. the application of melon diseases prevention promoting growth of seedling matrix described in claim 1 on prevention gourd vegetables sprout term disease.
4. melon diseases prevention promoting growth of seedling matrix described in claim 1 is preparing the application prevented and treated in damping off and damping off crop seedling.
5. the application of melon diseases prevention promoting growth of seedling matrix described in claim 1 in preparation preventive effect cucumber at seedling stage crop seedling.
CN201410563082.0A 2014-10-22 2014-10-22 A kind of seedling medium of melon diseases prevention growth promoting and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN104255420B (en)

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CN104529594A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-04-22 陈毛华 Method for using solid waste compost for overcoming defect of insufficient nitrogen of wormcast as seedling culture matrix
CN105130703A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-09 南宁三达奥克化学有限责任公司 Cucurbit crop cultivation medium, and preparation method thereof
CN105948936A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-09-21 云南省热带作物科学研究所 Seedling raising matrix suitable for tropical zone plants and preparation method and application thereof
CN106069339A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-09 安徽省固镇县谷阳有机蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of Sweet Pepper Seedlings substrate of diseases prevention growth promoting
CN106577225A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-04-26 湖州吴兴金农生态农业发展有限公司 Nursing medium for melons, fruits and vegetables
CN107197698A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-09-26 陈付记 A kind of root pruning and grafting method for culturing seedlings that watermelon is cultivated for second crop soil
CN109197510A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-01-15 内蒙古中特水利科技有限责任公司 Edible fungus bran cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof
CN109619101A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-16 沈阳农业大学 A kind of fungicide and its application method embedding matrix for sterilizing lily ball
CN110050664A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-26 三明市农业科学研究院 A kind of special seedling substrate of Chinese yam and its preparation method and application

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104529594A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-04-22 陈毛华 Method for using solid waste compost for overcoming defect of insufficient nitrogen of wormcast as seedling culture matrix
CN105130703A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-09 南宁三达奥克化学有限责任公司 Cucurbit crop cultivation medium, and preparation method thereof
CN105948936A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-09-21 云南省热带作物科学研究所 Seedling raising matrix suitable for tropical zone plants and preparation method and application thereof
CN105948936B (en) * 2016-06-01 2019-08-23 云南省热带作物科学研究所 A kind of seedling medium suitable for torrid areas plant and preparation method thereof and purposes
CN106069339A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-09 安徽省固镇县谷阳有机蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of Sweet Pepper Seedlings substrate of diseases prevention growth promoting
CN106577225A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-04-26 湖州吴兴金农生态农业发展有限公司 Nursing medium for melons, fruits and vegetables
CN107197698A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-09-26 陈付记 A kind of root pruning and grafting method for culturing seedlings that watermelon is cultivated for second crop soil
CN109197510A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-01-15 内蒙古中特水利科技有限责任公司 Edible fungus bran cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof
CN109619101A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-16 沈阳农业大学 A kind of fungicide and its application method embedding matrix for sterilizing lily ball
CN110050664A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-26 三明市农业科学研究院 A kind of special seedling substrate of Chinese yam and its preparation method and application

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