CN106416750A - Quick bag cultivation method for white mushroom on sterilized substrates - Google Patents

Quick bag cultivation method for white mushroom on sterilized substrates Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106416750A
CN106416750A CN201610823204.4A CN201610823204A CN106416750A CN 106416750 A CN106416750 A CN 106416750A CN 201610823204 A CN201610823204 A CN 201610823204A CN 106416750 A CN106416750 A CN 106416750A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
bag
cultivation
compost
particle shape
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CN201610823204.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘纯利
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刘纯利
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Priority to CN201610823204.4A priority Critical patent/CN106416750A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C11/00Other nitrogenous fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention discloses a quick bag cultivation method for white mushroom on sterilized substrates comprising following steps: 1) cultivation substrate preparation; 2) bagging; 3) disinfecting; 4) substrate cooling; 5) inoculating; 6) cultivating; 7) earth covering; 8) water controlling; 9) harvesting. Stacking fermentation is not required in the method, and the base materials can be bagged and disinfected at normal pressure or high pressure after mixing. The cultivation substrate can provide abundant carbohydrate, organic nitrogen, and mineral matters such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and sulfur for the growth of mushroom, which guarantees the healthy growth of mushroom; the five crops and above can be harvested therefore the method is high yield; and the white mushroom fungus bag with cultivated mycelia can be stored for a long time to adapt to the climate season or earlier stage of good market conditions, and then earth covering cultivation is performed so that the cultivation of white mushrooms has better benefit and better flexibility, and is simpler, time saving and labor saving; the cultivation scale can be large or small; the method is also suitable for industrial cultivation which is completely controllable.

Description

A kind of quick bag cultivating method of white mushroom grog
Technical field
The present invention relates to planting technology field, more particularly, to a kind of implantation methods of mushroom.
Background technology
Agaricus Bisporus are named white mushroom again, and its mycelia is silvery white, the many Dan Sheng of sporophore, circle just, white, no scale, cap is thick, It is difficult parachute-opening, slightly shorter in stem, bacterial context white, tissue is solid, and stem has half membranaceous collarium, spore silver brown.White mushroom Mushroom is one of modal edible bacterium, meat is plump, in China's plantation extensively.
The method of existing plantation white mushroom is:Stoker type is cultivated, will Caulis et Folium Oryzae, cattle manure, phosphate fertilizer, Gypsum Fibrosum powder, carbamide, stone Then grog after fermentation is made culture bed, is inoculated on culture bed by the lengthy fermentations that carry out banking up such as ash 150, cake fertilizer, then Earthing, and carry out final-period management.When useless, useless power, can only do two batches of spring and autumn for 1 year, and the concentration of production, sell also because of centralized production And it is difficult.
But many shortcomings are had using stoker type plantation, such as:
First, the grog after windrow must disposably be finished it is impossible to long storage time;
2nd, after inoculating in culture medium, mycelia needs horse back earthing after surviving it is impossible to select, in suitable time earthing, to plant Very flexible,
3rd, the cultivation base stock nutritional labeling of existing white mushroom is not abundant, mushroom to pluck batch number less.
Content of the invention
In view of this, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of quick bag cultivating method of white mushroom grog, to solve existing windrow The pollution rate that formula mode plants white mushroom presence is high, plants unsuccessfully property big;Sowing quantity is big, and planting cost is high;Fruiting is concentrated, market Sales difficulty;Poor controllability, the technical problem such as pesticide abuse.
A kind of quick bag cultivating method of present invention white mushroom grog, comprises the following steps:
White mushroom grog quick bag cultivating method, comprises the following steps:
1) prepare culture base-material, described culture base-material includes by weight:
120 parts of particle shape corn stalk,
80 parts of particle shape rape straw,
65 parts of particle shape Oryza sativa L. bar,
50 parts of particle shape HUDOU bar,
70 parts of particle shape wheat straw,
20 parts of particle shape soybean straw,
60 parts of particle shape bagasse,
45 parts of cotton seed hullss,
40 parts of Semen Maydis powder,
30 parts of Testa Tritici,
30 parts of Testa oryzae,
60 parts of quick lime,
40 parts of Gypsum Fibrosum powder,
5 parts of aminoacid,
Fertile 5 parts of selenium,
5 parts of zinc fertilizer,
And 1200 parts of water;
2) pack, by step 1) in base material mix homogeneously after load long 30-40cm, the plastic bag of a diameter of 20-25cm, Make compost bag;
3) sterilize, to step 2) in compost bag carry out normal pressure or high pressure sterilization;
4) cold burden, the compost bag after sterilizing is placed on the indoor cooling in cool place;
5) inoculate, in inoculation interior, strain is connected to compost and wraps;
6) cultivation, postvaccinal compost bag is saved in the interior of darkness, and controls indoor temperature at 20-25 DEG C, training Support covering with to every bag of mycelia;
7) store, compost bag is placed on the indoor storage in cool place, locker room's temperature control is in 20-22 degree;
8) earthing, selects favorable season, takes out the indoor compost bag of storage, takes plastic bag apart, wrap in compost and cover The thick soil of lid 5-6cm plastic covering film;
9) control water, grow after mycelia and after soil, take off film water spray, control earthing content moisture in 50-65%;
10) pluck.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1st, the quick bag cultivating method of white mushroom grog of the present invention, is not required to long-term windrow fermentation, can now mix existing dress, base material is mixed After can pack normal pressure or autoclaving;And its base material other species mushroom plantation base material is different, amateurish mushroom windrow is planted simultaneously The base material of training also differs, and its unique base material formulation can provide required various nutrition for mushroom it is ensured that mushroom planted by bag High success rate;And implantation methods are simple, scale is changeable, when plantation motility is higher.
2nd, the quick bag cultivating method of white mushroom grog of the present invention, culture base-material do not have exposed outside, few with planting, reduce kind Sub- cost, income is higher.
3rd, the quick bag cultivating method of white mushroom grog of the present invention, also contains in culture base-material that selenium is fertile, zinc fertilizer, improves white mushroom Middle selenium and the content of zinc, improve the nutritive value of mushroom.
4th, the quick bag cultivating method of white mushroom grog of the present invention, the white mushroom bacterium bag having cultivated mycelia can store for a long time, When suitable season or mushroom market price are high, then soil covering culture can be carried out, so that the cultivation benefit of white mushroom is more preferably, cultivation spirit Activity is more preferably;And cultivate simpler, not only save time, more save labour force, be also suitable for factory culture, cultivation controllability is good.
5th, the quick bag cultivating method of white mushroom grog of the present invention, its base material takes full advantage of crops Fructus Citri tangerinae bar, and being easy to promote should With changing the production model of mushroom industry tradition windrow cultivation completely, application value is high, and mushroom industry can be promoted to send out greatly Exhibition.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the invention will be further described.
The present embodiment white mushroom grog quick bag cultivating method, comprises the following steps:
1) prepare culture base-material, described culture base-material includes by weight:
120 parts of particle shape corn stalk,
80 parts of particle shape rape straw,
65 parts of particle shape Oryza sativa L. bar,
50 parts of particle shape HUDOU bar,
70 parts of particle shape wheat straw,
20 parts of particle shape soybean straw,
60 parts of particle shape bagasse,
45 parts of cotton seed hullss,
40 parts of Semen Maydis powder,
30 parts of Testa Tritici,
30 parts of Testa oryzae,
60 parts of quick lime,
40 parts of Gypsum Fibrosum powder,
5 parts of aminoacid,
Fertile 5 parts of selenium,
5 parts of zinc fertilizer,
And 1200 parts of water;
2) pack, by step 1) in base material mix homogeneously after load long 30-40cm, the plastic bag of a diameter of 20-25cm, Make compost bag;
3) sterilize, to step 2) in compost bag carry out sterilization in open kettle;
4) cold burden, the compost bag after sterilizing is placed on the indoor cooling in cool place;
5) inoculate, in inoculation interior, strain is connected to compost and wraps;
6) cultivation, postvaccinal compost bag is saved in the interior of darkness, and controls indoor temperature at 20-25 DEG C, training Support covering with to every bag of mycelia;
7) store, compost bag is placed on the indoor storage in cool place, locker room's temperature control is in 20-22 degree;
8) earthing, selects favorable season, takes out the indoor compost bag of storage, takes plastic bag apart, wrap in compost and cover The thick soil of lid 5-6cm plastic covering film;
9) control water, grow after mycelia and after soil, take off film water spray, control earthing content moisture in 50-65%;
10) pluck.
The present embodiment white mushroom grog quick bag cultivating method, have in its culture base-material corn stalk, rape straw, Oryza sativa L. bar, The various plants cane such as HUDOU bar, wheat straw, soybean straw, bagasse and many plantations such as Semen Maydis powder, Testa Tritici, cotton seed hullss, Testa oryzae Thing fruit and aminoacid, quick lime, Gypsum Fibrosum powder etc., can provide abundant carbohydrate for mushroom growth, abundant is organic Nitrogen, and the mineral such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, can guarantee that the healthy growth of mushroom, and can reach more than 5 batches of stubble number of harvesting, high Produce good harvest.
The present embodiment white mushroom grog quick bag cultivating method, also contains selenium fertilizer, zinc fertilizer, improves in white mushroom in culture base-material Selenium and the content of zinc, improve the nutritive value of mushroom.
The present embodiment white mushroom grog quick bag cultivating method, it culture base-material is contained in plastic bag and adopts bag to plant mode, Culture base-material sterilized using steaming and decocting mode and ripening so that the middle pathogenic bacteria of culture base-material kill more thoroughly it is ensured that mushroom strong Kang Shengchang, and the curing time of culture base-material is shorter;And the white mushroom bacterium bag having cultivated mycelia can store for a long time to conjunction The suitable time, then carry out soil covering culture, so that the cultivation benefit of white mushroom is more preferably, motility more preferably, more simply, not only saves When, more save labour force, cultivation scale is changeable simultaneously, is also suitable for factory culture, controllability is good;And its base material is fully sharp With crops Fructus Citri tangerinae bar, easy to utilize, change the production model of mushroom industry tradition windrow cultivation, popularization and application completely It is worth high, mushroom industry can be promoted to develop on a large scale.
Finally illustrate, above example only in order to technical scheme to be described and unrestricted, although with reference to relatively Good embodiment has been described in detail to the present invention, it will be understood by those within the art that, can be to the skill of the present invention Art scheme is modified or equivalent, the objective without deviating from technical solution of the present invention and scope, and it all should be covered at this In the middle of the right of invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of quick bag cultivating method of white mushroom grog it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
1) prepare culture base-material, described culture base-material includes by weight:
120 parts of particle shape corn stalk,
80 parts of particle shape rape straw,
65 parts of particle shape Oryza sativa L. bar,
50 parts of particle shape HUDOU bar,
70 parts of particle shape wheat straw,
20 parts of particle shape soybean straw,
60 parts of particle shape bagasse,
45 parts of cotton seed hullss,
40 parts of Semen Maydis powder,
30 parts of Testa Tritici,
30 parts of Testa oryzae,
60 parts of quick lime,
40 parts of Gypsum Fibrosum powder,
5 parts of aminoacid,
Fertile 5 parts of selenium,
5 parts of zinc fertilizer,
And 1200 parts of water;
2) pack, by step 1) in base material mix homogeneously after load long 30-40cm, the plastic bag of a diameter of 20-25cm, make Compost bag;
3) sterilize, to step 2) in compost bag carry out normal pressure or high pressure sterilization;
4) cold burden, the compost bag after sterilizing is placed on the indoor cooling in cool place;
5) inoculate, in inoculation interior, strain is connected to compost and wraps;
6) cultivation, postvaccinal compost bag is saved in the interior of darkness, and controls indoor temperature at 20-25 DEG C, cultivate to Till every bag of mycelia is covered with;
7) store, compost bag is placed on the indoor storage in cool place, locker room's temperature control is in 20-22 degree;
8) earthing, selects favorable season, takes out the indoor compost bag of storage, takes plastic bag apart, wraps covering 5- in compost The thick soil of 6cm plastic covering film;
9) control water, grow after mycelia and after soil, take off film water spray, control earthing content moisture in 50-65%;
10) pluck.
CN201610823204.4A 2016-09-14 2016-09-14 Quick bag cultivation method for white mushroom on sterilized substrates Pending CN106416750A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610823204.4A CN106416750A (en) 2016-09-14 2016-09-14 Quick bag cultivation method for white mushroom on sterilized substrates

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610823204.4A CN106416750A (en) 2016-09-14 2016-09-14 Quick bag cultivation method for white mushroom on sterilized substrates

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106416750A true CN106416750A (en) 2017-02-22

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101602621A (en) * 2009-06-25 2009-12-16 山东农业大学 Production system of selenium-enriched product based on recycling ecological agriculture
JP2010022367A (en) * 2008-06-20 2010-02-04 Takara Bio Inc Apparatus for fungal bed cultivation of mushroom
CN103387471A (en) * 2013-08-26 2013-11-13 李先强 Method for producing mushroom compost from corn stalks
CN103497044A (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-01-08 合肥市潜溪山庄农业生态园有限公司 Aluminum hydroxide water-retention agaricus bisporus cultivation medium and preparation method thereof
CN104012822A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-09-03 湖北省农业科学院农产品加工与核农技术研究所 Method for preparing mulberry jelly from edible fungus pre-boiled liquid
CN105016814A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-04 何金霞 Agaricus bisporus medium and method using medium to cultivate Agaricus bisporus
CN105085003A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-25 漳州市农业科学研究所 Cultivation raw material for agaricus bisporus and preparation method therefor

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010022367A (en) * 2008-06-20 2010-02-04 Takara Bio Inc Apparatus for fungal bed cultivation of mushroom
CN101602621A (en) * 2009-06-25 2009-12-16 山东农业大学 Production system of selenium-enriched product based on recycling ecological agriculture
CN103387471A (en) * 2013-08-26 2013-11-13 李先强 Method for producing mushroom compost from corn stalks
CN103497044A (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-01-08 合肥市潜溪山庄农业生态园有限公司 Aluminum hydroxide water-retention agaricus bisporus cultivation medium and preparation method thereof
CN104012822A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-09-03 湖北省农业科学院农产品加工与核农技术研究所 Method for preparing mulberry jelly from edible fungus pre-boiled liquid
CN105016814A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-04 何金霞 Agaricus bisporus medium and method using medium to cultivate Agaricus bisporus
CN105085003A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-25 漳州市农业科学研究所 Cultivation raw material for agaricus bisporus and preparation method therefor

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PB01 Publication
COR Change of bibliographic data
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Liu Chunli

Inventor after: Liu Yuee

Inventor after: Tan Xiaoling

Inventor after: Chen Yue

Inventor after: Wang Jian

Inventor after: Quan Haiyan

Inventor before: Liu Chunli

Inventor after: Liu Chunli

Inventor after: Liu Yuee

Inventor after: Tan Xiaoling

Inventor after: Chen Yue

Inventor after: Wang Jian

Inventor after: Quan Haiyan

Inventor before: Liu Chunli

C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20170222