CN102835252B - Culture method of clitocybe maxima - Google Patents

Culture method of clitocybe maxima Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102835252B
CN102835252B CN201210346987.3A CN201210346987A CN102835252B CN 102835252 B CN102835252 B CN 102835252B CN 201210346987 A CN201210346987 A CN 201210346987A CN 102835252 B CN102835252 B CN 102835252B
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days
corn
mushroom
fertilisers
composts
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CN201210346987.3A
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CN102835252A (en
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王财长
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GUIZHOU DANZHAI COUNTY ZHEDAN EDIBLE MUSHROOMS DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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GUIZHOU DANZHAI COUNTY ZHEDAN EDIBLE MUSHROOMS DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a culture method of clitocybe maxima. The culture method is characterized in that the culture method is implemented according to the following steps of (1) culture material preparation; (2) fungus bag manufacture; (3) corn planting; (4) color change management; (5) mushroom growing management; and (6) harvesting. The culture method provided by the invention is different from the prior art, the scheme of interplanting the clitocybe maxima in corn land is adopted, the corn interval spaces are utilized, the shed building investment of sheds built on the land in the prior art is saved, the culture cost is reduced, in addition, the clitocybe maxima is high-humidity type edible fungi, the mushroom growth is realized when the air temperature is 23 DEG C to 32 DEG C, the corn land interplanting method can be suitably adopted, and great popularization values are realized.

Description

A kind of cultivation method of clitocybe maxima
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation of mushroom, specifically a kind of cultivation method of clitocybe maxima.
Background technology
Clitocybe maxima is a kind of more common wild edible fungus, claims again Clitocybe Maxima, large funnel mushroom, is grown in ground in woods in a cluster, by the producing region people, is gathered edible.Because of its unique flavor, there is clear and melodious like as bamboo shoots, satiny as pork tripe, thereby be referred to as " bamboo shoot mushroom " and " clitocybe maxima ".Clear and melodious, refreshing tender, the delicious mouthfeel of fruit body tool of clitocybe maxima, its protein content and Asparagus etc. are similar.17% left and right that in its cap, amino acid content is dry matter, wherein 8 kinds of essential amino acids account for 45% of total amino acid content, and it is high that more general edible mushroom is wanted, and its leucine, isoleucine content occupy the hat of general edible mushroom; Fat content is 11% left and right; Its stem invert sugar content is up to 48%, and foot is known the abundant and comprehensive of its nutrition.In addition, if also contain thousand kinds of trace elements useful to human body in Clitocybe Maxima fruit body, as cobalt, barium, copper, zinc and phosphorus, iron, calcium etc., wherein most elements, for regulating human body nutrient balance, promote metabolism, the aspects such as function being provided, have the irreplaceable important function of other elements.Popular benefit iron in society, replenish the calcium, the food such as zinc supplementation comprises oral liquid etc., wherein have synthetic, be difficult to human body to play in fact the effect of " benefit ", and contained mentioned component in edible mushroom, due to natural sex, vegetal reason, its elemental substance molecular structure is little, the utilization that can directly be absorbed by the body, and this is that the element of the same race of other types is incomparable.Therefore, clitocybe maxima is favored by increasing people.
At present, the cultivation of clitocybe maxima is to adopt traditional cultivation place, as underground mushroom canopy, cool canopy, mushroom house etc., has taken like this land resources of a lot of preciousnesses, but also needs scaffolding, has increased the cost of cultivation.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of corn field interplanting clitocybe maxima cultivation method of saving soil, reducing cultivation cost.
The cultivation method of the clitocybe maxima providing of the present invention carries out according to the following steps:
(1) preparation composts or fertilisers of cultivating
By following mass percent, prepare: weed tree sawdust 30%, corn straw or straw 30%, cotton seed hulls 19%, wheat skin 19%, micro-gypsum 2%;
(2) make bacterium bag
According to a conventional method: spice pack inoculation cultivate; Composts or fertilisers of cultivating is mixed thoroughly after adding according to the above ratio water, water content 60%-65%, and acid-base value is adjusted to pH6-7, and range estimation is clutched between composts or fertilisers of cultivating finger seam not water outlet or is had 1-2 to drip to drip with hand and is advisable; Adopt 15 * 55cm high-pressure polypropylene plastic sack, sterilizing immediately after composts or fertilisers of cultivating pack; After cooling, inoculate, move into clean culturing room and send out bacterium, 15 ℃-35 ℃ of temperature, general 40-60 days left and right mycelia are covered with composts or fertilisers of cultivating;
(3) maize planting
For sow simultaneously, implantation methods is every the every strain of 40cm with bacterium, and every row 55cm, every pavement plantation two covers, every mu of maize planting 2300-2800 strain;
(4) annesl management
Sow about 40-60 days, mycelia sends out bacterium full generation, with rake dig up corn apart between native 8-10cm, tear bacterium generation, in the middle of bacterium rod is placed in, with earth, cover above, every three row stay a trade pavement so that management and gathering;
(5) management of producing mushroom
Through 10 days-15 days, mycelia starts to transform to reproductive growth by nourishing and growing, mycelia kink, forms former base, and former base expands and forms mushroom flower bud, mushroom flower bud breaks up fruiting lid again, mushroom handle, forms ripe fruit body, and sporophore growth temperature is 23 ℃-32 ℃. mulch film is rolled onto to ridge-up bed both sides, build cover from sun, in time water spray; If corn grows tall to 1 meter, cover from sun can be removed;
(6) gather
In fruit body, grow to cup-shaped after date and just can gather, the available scissors of gathering is cut fruit body at stem by the base portion of soil, then carries out classification and selects, gather after end, stop the 4-5 days that sprays water, then proceed to next damp mushroom management, the second damp mushroom of can gathering after 5 days, the 3-4 tide of generally can gathering; Biological transformation ratio can reach 100%-120%.
In above-mentioned steps (2), after described composts or fertilisers of cultivating pack, the condition of sterilizing is 120 ℃ of high pressure, sterilizing 14 hours, and 97 ℃-100 ℃ of normal pressures, sterilizing is more than 36 hours.
In above-mentioned steps (2), the making of described bacterium bag and the Best Times of corn seeding are for be arranged in the last ten-days period the middle ten days-March in February simultaneously.
Above-mentioned steps (4) will be selected the operation without the rainy day, buries lime or the camellia oleosa seed cake water desinsection that carries out disinfection for the front place of bacterium rod.
In above-mentioned steps (4), above described bacterium rod, with bamboo cane sagitta 50cm left and right, on land used membrane cover, additional one deck sunshade net, prevents and treats leakage of oil, ventilative, the miscellaneous bacteria of avoiding infection, and the sun is exposed to the sun.
Cultivation method of the present invention adopts the scheme of corn field interplanting clitocybe maxima, utilized the space at corn interval, saved the input of the soil scaffolding of scaffolding in the past, reduced the cost of cultivation, and clitocybe maxima is the edible mushroom of higher wet type, 23 ℃ of-32 ℃ of fruitings of temperature, the method for very suitable employing corn field interplanting.
Embodiment
Embodiment
Certain enterprise adopts following method cultivation clitocybe maxima:
(1) preparation composts or fertilisers of cultivating: prepare by following mass percent: weed tree sawdust 30%, corn straw or straw 30%, cotton seed hulls 19%, wheat skin 19%, micro-gypsum 2%;
(2) make bacterium bag: March according to a conventional method: spice → pack → inoculation → cultivation; Composts or fertilisers of cultivating is mixed thoroughly after adding according to the above ratio water, water content 60%, and acid-base value is adjusted to pH6, and range estimation is clutched between composts or fertilisers of cultivating finger seam not water outlet or is had 1-2 to drip to drip with hand and is advisable; Adopt 15 * 55cm high-pressure polypropylene plastic sack, sterilizing immediately after composts or fertilisers of cultivating pack, after described composts or fertilisers of cultivating pack, the condition of sterilizing is 120 ℃ of high pressure, sterilizing 14 hours, 97 ℃ of normal pressures, sterilizing 36 hours; After cooling, inoculate, move into clean culturing room and send out bacterium, 25 ℃ of temperature, within 50 days, left and right mycelia is covered with composts or fertilisers of cultivating;
(3) maize planting: sow while making bacterium bag, implantation methods is every the every strain of 40cm simultaneously, and every row 55cm, every pavement plantation two covers, every mu of maize planting 2300-2800 strain;
(4) annesl management: sow 50 days, mycelia sends out bacterium bag full, is diging up native 8-10cm between corn distance without the rainy day with rake, tear bacterium bag, in the middle of bacterium rod is placed in, with earth, cover above, bury lime or the camellia oleosa seed cake water desinsection that carries out disinfection for the front place of bacterium rod, above bacterium rod, use bamboo cane sagitta 50cm left and right, on land used membrane cover, additional one deck sunshade net, control leakage of oil, ventilative, the miscellaneous bacteria of avoiding infection, the sun is exposed to the sun; Every three row stay a trade pavement to manage and gather;
(5) management of producing mushroom: through 10 days-15 days, mycelia starts to transform to reproductive growth by nourishing and growing, mycelia kink, forms former base, and former base expands and forms mushroom flower bud, mushroom flower bud breaks up fruiting lid again, mushroom handle, forms ripe fruit body, and sporophore growth temperature is 23 ℃-32 ℃. mulch film is rolled onto to ridge-up bed both sides, build cover from sun, in time water spray; If corn grows tall to 1 meter, cover from sun can be removed;
(6) gather: in fruit body, grow to cup-shaped after date and just can gather, the available scissors of gathering is cut fruit body at stem by the base portion of soil, then carries out classification and selects.Gather after end, stop spraying water 4 days, then proceed to next damp mushroom management, the second damp mushroom of can gathering after 5 days, the 3-4 tide of gathering, biological transformation ratio can reach 100%.

Claims (3)

1. a cultivation method for clitocybe maxima, is characterized in that it carries out according to the following steps:
(1) preparation composts or fertilisers of cultivating
By following mass percent, prepare: weed tree sawdust 30%, corn straw or straw 30%, cotton seed hulls 19%, wheat skin 19%, micro-gypsum 2%;
(2) make bacterium bag
According to a conventional method: spice pack inoculation cultivate; Composts or fertilisers of cultivating is mixed thoroughly after adding according to the above ratio water, water content 60%-65%, and acid-base value is adjusted to pH6-7, and range estimation is clutched between composts or fertilisers of cultivating finger seam not water outlet or is had 1-2 to drip with hand and drips; Adopt 15 * 55cm high-pressure polypropylene plastic sack, sterilizing immediately after composts or fertilisers of cultivating pack; After cooling, inoculate, move into clean culturing room and send out bacterium, 15 ℃-35 ℃ of temperature, within 40-60 days, mycelia is covered with composts or fertilisers of cultivating; After described composts or fertilisers of cultivating pack, the condition of sterilizing is 120 ℃ of high pressure, sterilizing 14 hours, and 97 ℃-100 ℃ of normal pressures, sterilizing is more than 36 hours;
(3) maize planting
Sow with bacterium bag, implantation methods is every the every strain of 40cm simultaneously, and every row 55cm, every pavement plantation two covers, every mu of maize planting 2300-2800 strain; The making of described bacterium bag and the Best Times of corn seeding are for be arranged in the last ten-days period the middle ten days-March in February simultaneously;
(4) annesl management
Sow about 40-60 days, mycelia sends out bacterium bag full, with rake dig up corn apart between native 8-10cm, tear bacterium bag, in the middle of bacterium rod is placed in, with earth, cover above, every three row stay a trade pavement so that management and gathering;
(5) management of producing mushroom
Through 10 days-15 days, mycelia starts to transform to reproductive growth by nourishing and growing, mycelia kink, forms former base, and former base expands and forms mushroom flower bud, mushroom flower bud breaks up fruiting lid again, mushroom handle, forms ripe fruit body, and sporophore growth temperature is 23 ℃-32 ℃. mulch film is rolled onto to ridge-up bed both sides, build cover from sun, in time water spray; If corn grows tall to 1 meter, cover from sun can be removed;
(6) gather
In fruit body, grow to cup-shaped after date and gather, gather and at stem, by the base portion of soil, cut fruit body with scissors, then carry out classification and select, gather after end, stop the 4-5 days that sprays water, then proceed to next damp mushroom management, the second damp mushroom of gathering, the 3-4 tide of gathering after 5 days; Biological transformation ratio reaches 100%-120%.
2. the cultivation method of clitocybe maxima according to claim 1, is characterized in that described step (4) will select the operation without the rainy day, buries lime or the camellia oleosa seed cake water desinsection that carries out disinfection for the front place of bacterium rod.
3. the cultivation method of clitocybe maxima according to claim 1, is characterized in that in above-mentioned steps (4), and above described bacterium rod, with bamboo cane sagitta 50cm, on land used membrane cover, additional one deck sunshade net, prevents leakage of oil, ventilative, the miscellaneous bacteria of avoiding infection, and the sun is exposed to the sun.
CN201210346987.3A 2012-09-19 2012-09-19 Culture method of clitocybe maxima Expired - Fee Related CN102835252B (en)

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Families Citing this family (8)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103598087B (en) * 2013-11-05 2016-04-13 鲁东大学 A kind of clitocybe maxima low form method for strain breeding thereof
CN104686194B (en) * 2015-02-11 2017-09-22 广东省微生物研究所 A kind of artificial cultivation method of wild leather ear
CN104982178A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-10-21 钟延华 Method for interplanting panus giganteus in sugarcane field
CN104892252A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-09 桂林健成生物科技开发有限公司 Application of siraitia grosvenorii fruit residues in cultivation of clitocybe maxima
CN104926508A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-23 桂林健成生物科技开发有限公司 Application of seed coat/embryo body and rootstock after sprouting vegetable harvesting in big clitocybe cultivation
CN107432166A (en) * 2016-05-25 2017-12-05 禄劝琼程美农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of method that edible mushroom is planted in milpa
CN106922479A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-07-07 广西丰兄农业开发有限公司 A kind of method of grape and clitocybe maxima spacing sleeve cropping
CN107624508A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-01-26 广西龙州北部湾现代农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of clitocybe maxima

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