CN101953272A - Method for interplanting tricholoma giganteum in corn field in summer - Google Patents

Method for interplanting tricholoma giganteum in corn field in summer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101953272A
CN101953272A CN 201010519590 CN201010519590A CN101953272A CN 101953272 A CN101953272 A CN 101953272A CN 201010519590 CN201010519590 CN 201010519590 CN 201010519590 A CN201010519590 A CN 201010519590A CN 101953272 A CN101953272 A CN 101953272A
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China
Prior art keywords
mushroom
good fortune
corn
interplanting
corn field
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CN 201010519590
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱忠贵
瞿峰
刘卫红
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ZHENJIANG JINGKOU RUIJING AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION PARK
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ZHENJIANG JINGKOU RUIJING AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION PARK
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Priority to CN 201010519590 priority Critical patent/CN101953272A/en
Publication of CN101953272A publication Critical patent/CN101953272A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of edible fungus production, and discloses a method for interplanting tricholoma giganteum in a corn field in summer. In the method, interplanting time, an interplanting method and the like are involved. The method is characterized in that: the interplanting time is June or July; and the interplanting method is a two-stage planting method which comprises the steps of: cultivating tricholoma giganteum hyphae in a greenhouse or an idle house, and performing fruiting in the corn field, namely, arranging tricholoma giganteum bags in which hyphae are cultivated in a single layer in the corn field by a bed type earth covering method, covering the bags with 2 to 3cm thick soil particles, fully watering the soil particles and then covering the bags with lightproof and moisturizing materials. In the method of the invention, the finished tricholoma giganteum hypha bags are directly placed in the corn field and are shaded by corn stems and leaves; the tricholoma giganteum grown in a natural ecological environment has high quality; and the tricholoma giganteum can be planted without building special facilities, such as houses, greenhouses, shady sheds and the like, so the production cost can be saved, the economic benefits can be improved and the method is suitable for popularization and application in wide rural areas.

Description

A kind of method that summer, corn field was interplanted golden good fortune mushroom
 
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation method of a kind of golden good fortune mushroom, relate in particular to a kind of method that summer, corn field was interplanted golden good fortune mushroom, belong to technical field of edible fungi production.
Background technology
Jin Fugu has another name called big spoken parts in traditional operas mushroom, is a kind of rare edible mushroom new varieties of high-quality that are in the exploitation, in China south and Taiwan Province small size cultivation is all arranged, present this edible mushroom is high in the Taiwan price; Japan also begins to plant experimentally in batches and put goods on the market in recent years, its commodity are called white matsutake, and golden good fortune massee fruiting bodies is very large, and bacterial context is plump tender white, it is little sweet and delicious to distinguish the flavor of, have tangible mushroom fragrance, and storage property is good, is suitable for marketing fresh and drying processing, under 10 ℃ of conditions, freshness date can reach 1 month, and nondiscolouring is not spoiled; Gold good fortune massee fruiting bodies is grown thickly or is clustered, and shape is big, white or milky, cap is open and flat smooth, is hemispherical, and stem is up-small and down-big, be long bar-shaped, mushroom shape beauty, attitude gracefulness, golden good fortune mushroom bacterial context is plump tender white, the mouthfeel uniqueness, it is little sweet, tender and crisp and delicious, nutritious to distinguish the flavor of, according to one's analysis, its gross protein value 27%, crude fat 9.5%, total reducing sugar 38.4%, and contain multivitamin.
Jin Fugu belongs to middle high temperature modification edible fungus variety, in the prior art, generally utilize plastic tunnel, cool canopy or idle house to carry out the Jin Fugu cultivation as cultivation place at spring and autumn, Chinese patent CN101570452A discloses a kind of compound method of golden good fortune mushroom composts or fertilisers of cultivating, mainly utilizes raw materials such as straw, cow dung, wheat bran to prepare golden good fortune mushroom composts or fertilisers of cultivating; CN101663960A discloses a kind of method of utilizing bacterium slag for cultivating gold good fortune mushroom, makes full use of edible fungi leftovers, to reduce environmental pollution, saves production cost, and improves cultivation benefit, and its cultivation place is mainly utilized house or booth; Yet the cultivating tricholoma lobayense aeration condition is bad in the house, and golden good fortune mushroom product quality is difficult to guarantee; And utilize booth or cool canopy cultivation, and need purchase materials such as booth, sunshade net, straw screen or mat or timber, mao bamboon, input ratio is bigger.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of summer corn field cover and plant the method for Jin Fugu, do not need house, booth and take and put cool canopy, directly the bacterium bag is mounted in the corn field, utilize corn stem leaf to shelter from heat or light for Jin Fugu, solved cultivating tricholoma lobayense and need build the technical problem of facilities such as house, booth as the fruiting place, the oxygen that corn photosynthesis is discharged can also promote the growth of golden good fortune massee fruiting bodies, the golden good fortune mushroom quality better of output, quality height.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that a kind of summer, the corn field cover was planted the method for Jin Fugu, comprise the production of golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag, the interplanting time, interplanting method, corn planting, management of producing mushroom is characterized in that: described golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag is produced, and is to prepare golden good fortune mushroom culture medium according to the culture medium prescription ratio, after fermentation process 3-7 days, pack into the edible mushroom special plastic bag of 17-22cm * 35-45cm, every packed siccative 0.5-1kg is after the sterilization cooling, adopt the method for one or two inoculation, insert golden good fortune mushroom strains, cultivated 30-50 days in 20-28 ℃ the bacterium place of sending out, sending out up to mycelia completely becomes golden good fortune mushroom finished product bacterium bag; The described interplanting time is the 6-7 month; Described interplanting method, be to adopt the two-part cultivation method, be that golden good fortune mushroom cultural hypha is carried out in booth or idle house, fruiting carries out in corn field, adopt golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag monolayer alignment that the mode of bed formula earthing will send out mycelia good in corn field, cover the thick grogs of 2-3cm, cover the shading material which can retain moisture again after watering sufficient moisture.
Described corn planting comprises implantation time and planting density, and implantation time is chosen in mid-May-mid-June, and planting density is line-spacing 80-120cm, spacing in the rows 15-30cm, 0.07 hectare maize planting 3000-5000 strain.
Described culture medium prescription is: agricultural crop straw powder 45-60%, cotton seed hulls 15-20%, wheat bran 10-15%, land plaster 1-2%, pulverized limestone 1-3%; Moisture content in medium 55-65%, pH6.5-8.
Described bed formula earthing is to dig the dark mushroom bed of 15-25cm after corn stays the aisle of 25-40cm in the ranks on one side, and the golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag of sending out mycelia good is entered in the mushroom bed earthing again.
Described management of producing mushroom is after bacterium bag cover is put corn field, keeps corn shade density 70-85% in the ranks, the additional humidity of watering 1-2 time fine every day, and golden good fortune massee fruiting bodies growing period, relative air humidity need be adjusted to 85-95%, guarantees the fruit body normal growth.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
1, do not need to build facilities such as special house, booth, cool canopy, just can carry out the Jin Fugu cultivation, can save production cost, increase economic efficiency.
2, directly the bacterium bag is mounted in the corn field, utilizes corn stem leaf to shelter from heat or light, the golden good fortune mushroom product quality height of under the natural ecological environment condition, growing, quality better for Jin Fugu.
3, can produce Jin Fugu in hot summer, can enrich citizen's vegetable basket, fill up edible fungus variety shortage in summer, alleviate the summer vegetable volt and lack contradiction.
Embodiment:
1, the golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag production time arranges: according to interplanting time and mycelial growth cycle request, generally be arranged in and produce golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag mid-April-mid-May, guarantee that 6-7 month bacterium bag is by at present.
2, golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag is produced:
(1) preferred golden good fortune mushroom culture medium prescription is: agricultural crop straw powder 60%, cotton seed hulls 20%, wheat bran 15%, land plaster 1%, pulverized limestone 2%; Moisture content in medium 55-65%, pH6.5-8.
(2) fermentation process of golden good fortune mushroom culture medium: with raw materials such as agricultural crop straw powder, cotton seed hulls, wheat brans, adding water by the 1:1-1.3 material-water ratio stirs, pile the heap of long 3-5m, wide 1m, high 0.8-1m, get through pore every 0.5m, cover sunshade net fermentation reactor system about 5 days, middle turning 1-2 time, moisture content in medium is adjusted to about 60% during pack, and the composts or fertilisers of cultivating that ferments is savory.
(3) pack sterilization: with pack into the edible mushroom special plastic bag of 20cm * 40cm of the medium that ferments, about every packed siccative 0.8kg, adopt the method for normal-pressure sterilization that medium is carried out high-temperature sterilization and handle, the time is about 10 hours.
(4) inoculated and cultured: after the medium of sterilization is cooled to about 28 ℃, adopt the method for two inoculation to insert golden good fortune mushroom strains, cultivating about 45 days under 20-28 ℃ the environmental condition, golden good fortune mushroom mycelia can send out full, becomes finished product bacterium bag and just can interplant in the corn field.
3, corn planting: comprise implantation time and planting density, implantation time is chosen in mid-May-mid-June, general and golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag production is carried out synchronously, and preferred corn planting density is about line-spacing 110cm, spacing in the rows 25cm, about general 0.07 hectare maize planting 5000 strains.
4, cover is put the bacterium bag: when corn grow to about 1.5 meters, when shade density reaches 70% left and right sides, the time, the golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag that adopts the mode of bed formula earthing will send out mycelia good was interplanted in the corn field greatly at the beginning of 7 months.General stay aisle about 35cm in the ranks on one side at corn earlier, dig then about wide 80cm, the mushroom bed about dark 20cm, enter in the mushroom bed with the golden good fortune mushroom finished product bacterium bag that will send out after the pulverized limestone sterilization mycelia good, cover the thick grogs of 2-3cm, cover shading material which can retain moisture such as sunshade net, straw screen or mat again after watering sufficient moisture.
5, management of producing mushroom: described management of producing mushroom is after bacterium bag cover is put corn field, keeps corn about 80% shade density in the ranks, and water 1-2 fine every day, to replenish humidity, gold good fortune massee fruiting bodies growing period, relative air humidity need be adjusted to 85-95%, guarantees the fruit body normal growth.

Claims (5)

1. method that summer, corn field was interplanted golden good fortune mushroom, comprise the production of golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag, the interplanting time, interplanting method, corn planting, management of producing mushroom is characterized in that: described golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag is produced, and is to prepare golden good fortune mushroom culture medium according to the culture medium prescription ratio, after fermentation process 3-7 days, pack into the edible mushroom special plastic bag of 17-22cm * 35-45cm, every packed siccative 0.5-1kg is after the sterilization cooling, adopt the method for one or two inoculation, insert golden good fortune mushroom strains, cultivated 30-50 days in 20-28 ℃ the bacterium place of sending out, sending out up to mycelia completely becomes golden good fortune mushroom finished product bacterium bag; The described interplanting time is the 6-7 month; Described interplanting method, be to adopt the two-part cultivation method, be that golden good fortune mushroom cultural hypha is carried out in booth or idle house, fruiting carries out in corn field, adopt golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag monolayer alignment that the mode of bed formula earthing will send out mycelia good in corn field, cover the thick grogs of 2-3cm, cover the shading material which can retain moisture again after watering sufficient moisture.
2. a kind of method that summer, corn field was interplanted golden good fortune mushroom according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described corn planting comprises implantation time and planting density, implantation time is chosen in mid-May-mid-June, planting density is line-spacing 80-120cm, spacing in the rows 15-30cm, 0.07 hectare maize planting 3000-5000 strain.
3. a kind of method that summer, corn field was interplanted golden good fortune mushroom according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described culture medium prescription is: agricultural crop straw powder 45-60%, cotton seed hulls 15-20%, wheat bran 10-15%, land plaster 1-2%, pulverized limestone 1-3%; Moisture content in medium 55-65%, pH6.5-8.
4. a kind of method that summer, corn field was interplanted golden good fortune mushroom according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:, the golden good fortune mushroom bacterium bag of sending out mycelia good is entered in the mushroom bed earthing again Yi Bian described bed formula earthing is to dig the dark mushroom bed of 15-25cm after corn stays the aisle of 25-40cm in the ranks.
5. a kind of method that summer, corn field was interplanted golden good fortune mushroom according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described management of producing mushroom is after bacterium bag cover is put corn field, keep corn shade density 70-85% in the ranks, the additional humidity of watering 1-2 time fine every day, gold good fortune massee fruiting bodies growing period, relative air humidity need be adjusted to 85-95%, guarantees the fruit body normal growth.
CN 201010519590 2010-10-26 2010-10-26 Method for interplanting tricholoma giganteum in corn field in summer Pending CN101953272A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102835252A (en) * 2012-09-19 2012-12-26 贵州省丹寨县浙丹食药用菌开发有限公司 Culture method of clitocybe maxima
CN102907260A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-06 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 Cultivation method of mulberry interplanted with ramulus mori ganoderma lucidum
CN103283489A (en) * 2013-06-22 2013-09-11 何寒 Method for stereoscopic cultivation of tricholoma giganteum massees
CN103664330A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-03-26 鲁东大学 Method for cultivating new varieties of tricholoma lobayense heim
CN104255303A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-01-07 何寒 Method for inter-planting tricholoma lobayense heim at bottom of banana tree
CN104956866A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-10-07 普定县富民种养殖专业合作社 Black pearl cherry and corn interplanting method
CN105409508A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-23 中国科学院昆明植物研究所 Composite ecological cultivation method of corn and stropharia rugosoannulata
CN106171422A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-12-07 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of tillage cultivation method of milpa intercropping Agaricus bisporus
CN107432166A (en) * 2016-05-25 2017-12-05 禄劝琼程美农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of method that edible mushroom is planted in milpa

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
《农家之友》 20080831 记者 浦北蕉田、果园套种金福菇喜获丰收 第54页 1-5 , 第8期 2 *
《北京农业》 20020731 安宝一 金福菇及其高产栽培技术 第17页 1-5 , 第7期 2 *
《广西园艺》 20071031 吴建成 金福菇栽培技术 第39-41页 1-5 第18卷, 第5期 2 *

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102835252A (en) * 2012-09-19 2012-12-26 贵州省丹寨县浙丹食药用菌开发有限公司 Culture method of clitocybe maxima
CN102835252B (en) * 2012-09-19 2014-05-07 贵州省丹寨县浙丹食药用菌开发有限公司 Culture method of clitocybe maxima
CN102907260A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-06 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 Cultivation method of mulberry interplanted with ramulus mori ganoderma lucidum
CN103283489A (en) * 2013-06-22 2013-09-11 何寒 Method for stereoscopic cultivation of tricholoma giganteum massees
CN103664330A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-03-26 鲁东大学 Method for cultivating new varieties of tricholoma lobayense heim
CN104255303A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-01-07 何寒 Method for inter-planting tricholoma lobayense heim at bottom of banana tree
CN104956866A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-10-07 普定县富民种养殖专业合作社 Black pearl cherry and corn interplanting method
CN104956866B (en) * 2015-06-02 2017-10-17 普定县富民种养殖专业合作社 A kind of black pearl cherry and interplanting corn method
CN105409508A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-23 中国科学院昆明植物研究所 Composite ecological cultivation method of corn and stropharia rugosoannulata
CN107432166A (en) * 2016-05-25 2017-12-05 禄劝琼程美农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of method that edible mushroom is planted in milpa
CN106171422A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-12-07 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of tillage cultivation method of milpa intercropping Agaricus bisporus
CN106171422B (en) * 2016-07-14 2019-03-22 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of tillage cultivation method of milpa intercropping agaricus bisporus

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Application publication date: 20110126