CN106305017A - High-yield planting method of selenium-enriched rosa laevigata - Google Patents

High-yield planting method of selenium-enriched rosa laevigata Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106305017A
CN106305017A CN201510382688.9A CN201510382688A CN106305017A CN 106305017 A CN106305017 A CN 106305017A CN 201510382688 A CN201510382688 A CN 201510382688A CN 106305017 A CN106305017 A CN 106305017A
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China
Prior art keywords
planting
rosa laevigata
field
yield
spring
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CN201510382688.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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梁苑春
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201510382688.9A priority Critical patent/CN106305017A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D5/00Fertilisers containing magnesium

Abstract

The present invention discloses a high-yield planting method of selenium-enriched rosa laevigata. The method realizing the scheme comprises the following steps: after a field planting, tillage and weeding should be timely conducted, so that the soil in the field is loose and free of weeds. After the field planting for 1-2 years, in the plant nutritional growth period, every mu of the field is applied with a fertilizer prepared by mixing 1,500-1,800 kg of fly ash, 60 kg of peanut bran, 0.5 kg of sodium selenite powder and 25-35 kg of magnesium sulfate evenly. After fruit bearing in an adult period, the fertilization is only conducted once in each of two seasons of spring and winter. In spring, human and livestock waste water or urea can be applied, and the peanut bran can be applied. In winter, decomposed dungs or compost can be applied. Ditching circling fertilization is conducted around rhizospheres of the plants and then soil covering is conducted after the fertilization. Beneficial effects are as follows: (1) the use of the scheme improves chlorophyll content and photosynthesis of the leaves of rosa laevigata; (2) the planting method promotes the growth and development of the rosa laevigata root systems and absorption and operation of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, and medium trace elements, and improves utilization rate of the fertilizers; (3) the planting method improves the drought resisting, continuous cropping preventing and disease preventing abilities of the rosa laevigata; and (4) compared with the yield of the planting in the prior art, the harvested yield of the rosa laevigata bred by the method is increased by 10% or more by a 60-mu experimental planting.

Description

A kind of high-yield planting method of selenium-rich Fructus Rosae Laevigatae
Present disclosure relates to Chinese herbal medicine cultivation field, particularly relates to a kind of selenium-rich Fructus Rosae Laevigatae High-yield planting method.
Background technology Chinese herbal medicine is of long standing and well established in China, and it is that the prosperity of the Chinese nation plays Positive role, great leader Mao Zedong said: " Chinese herbal medicine is the rarity of the Chinese nation, add To rectify, excavate, to improve ", Extend culture some have in good effect, high financial profit Medical herbs may advantageously facilitate social development, human progress.
According to disclosed data introduction: Fructus Rosae Laevigatae beginning of being used as medicine is loaded in Lei Gong's Treatise on Preparation and Broiling of Materia Medica, the successive dynasties this In rapid style of writing the most on the books.Fructus Rosae Laevigatae sour in the mouth, sweet, puckery, property is put down, and returns kidney, bladder, large intestine Warp, has the kidney invigorating, controlling nocturnal emission with astringent drugs reducing urination, relieving diarrhea with astringents function, be usually used in treat emission and spermatorrhea, The diseases such as enuresis frequent micturition, bleeding not during menses, chronic diarrhea chronic dysentery, to hypertension, nervous headache, Chronic cough, chronic nephritis have preferable curative effect.Fructus Rosae Laevigatae contains abundant vitamin C, for medicine Food dual purpose plant.With the serial health such as the syrup of Fructus Rosae Laevigatae processing, fruit juice, fruit crystalline substance, medicated wine Food & Drink, time resisting fatigue, the health-care good product of life lengthening, long-term drink, to sun Flaccidity, premature ejaculation, neurasthenia, anemia, rheumatic arthralgia etc. have good effect.Additionally, Fructus Rosae Laevigatae is Bush, florescence, really phase are the most beautiful bright-coloured, can plant as raw hedge, it is possible to cultivation In flower bed, greenery patches, play the effect beautified the environment.During Fructus Rosae Laevigatae a kind of ideal, There is the natural fruit juice beverage raw material of developing and utilizingpotentiality, 21 century health food man will be become The a member deeply favored by people in race.The health product of Fructus Rosae Laevigatae, the opening of kidney-nourishing tcm drug in recent years Send out usage amount the most increasing, therefore, be worth carrying out Fructus Rosae Laevigatae Wild and Planting Training.
How summary of the invention the present invention is directed to above-mentioned in-problem deficiency, through exploration for many years, reality Testing, in conjunction with habit and the nutritional need of Fructus Rosae Laevigatae, allotment is suitable for the spray of Fructus Rosae Laevigatae growth Liquid, is found that in exploration commercially available several drugs has become new compositions after scientific combination, Fructus Rosae Laevigatae growth is had facilitation, and invention makes Fructus Rosae Laevigatae be prone to growth, increasing both production and income accordingly A kind of high-yield planting method of selenium-rich Fructus Rosae Laevigatae.
The technical scheme solving problem for reaching the above-mentioned purpose present invention is, a kind of selenium-rich Fructus Rosae Laevigatae High-yield planting method, it is achieved the method step of this programme is as follows:
(1) selection of land and whole ground nursery select soil layer deep, loose fertile, draining is good Well, convenient, sun-drenched sandy loam is irrigated.Plough deeply thinner after choosing, harrow the most whole Flat, make the high furrow of 1.3 meters wide, surrounding holds gutter draining successfully.
(2) propagation method cottage propagation: the spring inserts (2~March) and the winter inserts (10~November). Select 1~2 year raw healthy and strong branch, be cut into and be about 25 centimetres, with the cutting that 3 bud joints are above, Lower cut is cut into inclined-plane, every 50 1 bundles, immerses in the rooting powder solution of 600 mg/litre, Dip lower cut inclined-plane about 30 minutes, take out and dry rear cuttage.On whole good ridge-up bed, press Line-spacing 30 centimetres trench digging, ditch depth about 16 centimetres.Branch is tiltedly put in by line-spacing 7~10 centimetres In ditch, stay 1 bud joint to expose furrow face, water 1 time permeable.Water with backsight soil regime in good time Moisturizing, is beneficial to root of hair.Seedling stage in good time in weeding, watering, fertilizing, cultivate 1~2 year After, height of seedling 60~go out garden field planting when 80 centimetres.
(3) survival after transplant: Fructus Rosae Laevigatae survival after transplant was carried out at the beginning of early spring 2~3 months.When transplanting Dig cave field planting by line-spacing (1~1.5 meter) X (0.60~0.7) rice, often spread manuer in holes into farmyard manure or Barnyard manure 5 kilograms, mixes thoroughly with subsoil, upper cover fine earth, and every cave plants strain in strong sprout 1, earthing half Time, by Seedling gently on pull out, make root system unfold, Miao Wenzheng, earthing be compacted, it is permeable fixed to water Root, the more a little higher than ground of earthing is in soil taper.
(4) field management intertillage and fertilising: after field planting should middle weeding in good time, make field Loosing soil, without weeds.After field planting 1~2 year, in the plant vegetative growth phase, execute fine coal for every mu Ash 1500-1800 kilogram, peanut residue 60 kilograms, 0.5 kilogram of sodium selenite powder, magnesium sulfate 25-35 kilogram, use after mixture is well-balanced.After becoming annual bearing, only respectively chase after in spring, season in winter two Fertile 1 time, spring can apply people and animals' liquid dung or carbamide, and executes peanut residue.Winter executes decomposed dung Or compost.Around plant rhizosphere, trench digging circulating application, executes rear earthing.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: (1), owing to using such scheme, improves Fructus Rosae Laevigatae blade Chlorophyll content and photosynthesis;(2) promote Fructus Rosae Laevigatae root growth and development and to N P and K, The uptake and transport of middle trace element, improves utilization rate of fertilizer;(3) Fructus Rosae Laevigatae drought resisting, anti-heavy is improved Stubble, resistance against diseases;(4) the yield phase planted with prior art through 60 mu of yield planting experimentally results Ratio, the Fructus Rosae Laevigatae crop bred by this method improves more than 10%.Per kilogram is done after testing Fructus Rosae Laevigatae selenium content reaches more than 200ug.
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with specific embodiment for detailed description of the invention
Specific embodiment is as follows:
Specific embodiment 1, a kind of high-yield planting method of selenium-rich Fructus Rosae Laevigatae, it is achieved the method for this programme Step is as follows:
(1) selection of land is deep with whole ground nursery selection soil layer, it is fertile to loosen, draining good, filling Irrigate convenience, sun-drenched sandy loam.Plough deeply thinner after choosing, the thin leveling of rake, make 1.3 The high furrow that rice is wide, surrounding holds gutter draining successfully.
(2) propagation method cottage propagation: the spring inserts (2~March) and the winter inserts (10~November). Select 1~2 year raw healthy and strong branch, be cut into and be about 25 centimetres, with the cutting that 3 bud joints are above, Lower cut is cut into inclined-plane, every 50 1 bundles, immerses in the rooting powder solution of 600 mg/litre, Dip lower cut inclined-plane about 30 minutes, take out and dry rear cuttage.On whole good ridge-up bed, press Line-spacing 30 centimetres trench digging, ditch depth about 16 centimetres.Branch is tiltedly put in by line-spacing 7~10 centimetres In ditch, stay 1 bud joint to expose furrow face, water 1 time permeable.Water with backsight soil regime in good time Moisturizing, is beneficial to root of hair.Seedling stage in good time in weeding, watering, fertilizing, cultivate 1~2 year After, height of seedling 60~go out garden field planting when 80 centimetres.
(3) survival after transplant: Fructus Rosae Laevigatae survival after transplant was carried out at the beginning of early spring 2~3 months.Press when transplanting Line-spacing (1~1.5 meter) X (0.60~0.7) rice digs cave field planting, often spreads manuer in holes into farmyard manure or matting Fertile 5 kilograms, mixing thoroughly with subsoil, upper cover fine earth, every cave plants strain in strong sprout 1, during earthing half, By Seedling gently on pull out, make root system unfold, Miao Wenzheng, be compacted at earthing, water and permeable determine root, The a little higher than ground of earthing is in soil taper again.
(4) field management intertillage and fertilising: after field planting should middle weeding in good time, make field soil Loose, without weeds.After field planting 2~3 years, in the plant vegetative growth phase, execute flyash for every mu 1500-1800 kilogram, peanut residue 60 kilograms, 0.5 kilogram of sodium selenite powder, magnesium sulfate 25 -35 kilograms, use after mixture is well-balanced.After becoming annual bearing, only respectively topdress in spring, season in winter two 1 time, spring can apply people and animals' liquid dung or carbamide, and executes peanut residue.Execute winter decomposed dung or Compost.Around plant rhizosphere, trench digging circulating application, executes rear earthing.

Claims (1)

1. a high-yield planting method for selenium-rich Fructus Rosae Laevigatae, is characterized in that: after field planting should in good time in weeding, Field soil is made to loosen, without weeds;After field planting 1~2 year, in the plant vegetative growth phase, execute fine coal for every mu Ash 1500-1800 kilogram, peanut residue 60 kilograms, 0.5 kilogram of sodium selenite powder, magnesium sulfate 25-35 Kilogram, use after mixture is well-balanced.Become after annual bearing, only in the spring, respectively topdress in season in winter two 1 time, spring can Apply people and animals' liquid dung or carbamide, and execute peanut residue;Around plant rhizosphere, trench digging circulating application, executes rear earthing.
CN201510382688.9A 2015-07-01 2015-07-01 High-yield planting method of selenium-enriched rosa laevigata Pending CN106305017A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110526782A (en) * 2019-10-15 2019-12-03 韦国安 A kind of compound fertilizer special of fruit of Cherokee rose plantation

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102219865A (en) * 2011-06-02 2011-10-19 华南理工大学 Preparation method of cherokee rose polysaccharide derivatives with antitumor activity
CN103834544A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-06-04 张铁牛 Selenium-rich health care wine and preparation method thereof
CN104272963A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-01-14 陆川县大鹏现代农业发展有限公司 Cultivation method of fructus rosae laevigatae
CN104380999A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-03-04 刘雄 Rosa laevigata planting method
CN104450367A (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-03-25 林庆光 Health fruit wine prepared by using fruits of cherokee roses and preparation method of health fruit wine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102219865A (en) * 2011-06-02 2011-10-19 华南理工大学 Preparation method of cherokee rose polysaccharide derivatives with antitumor activity
CN104450367A (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-03-25 林庆光 Health fruit wine prepared by using fruits of cherokee roses and preparation method of health fruit wine
CN103834544A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-06-04 张铁牛 Selenium-rich health care wine and preparation method thereof
CN104272963A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-01-14 陆川县大鹏现代农业发展有限公司 Cultivation method of fructus rosae laevigatae
CN104380999A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-03-04 刘雄 Rosa laevigata planting method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
黄荣韶主编: "《果实类药用植物高效生产新技术》", 31 March 2006, 中国农业出版社 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110526782A (en) * 2019-10-15 2019-12-03 韦国安 A kind of compound fertilizer special of fruit of Cherokee rose plantation

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Application publication date: 20170111