CN106069462A - A kind of walnut nursery and method for transplanting - Google Patents

A kind of walnut nursery and method for transplanting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106069462A
CN106069462A CN201610399788.7A CN201610399788A CN106069462A CN 106069462 A CN106069462 A CN 106069462A CN 201610399788 A CN201610399788 A CN 201610399788A CN 106069462 A CN106069462 A CN 106069462A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transplanting
seedling
nursery
walnut
mixed
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Pending
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CN201610399788.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郁世军
王克春
尚楚
朱宗源
李艳
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Jiangsu Shuimu Nongjing Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Shuimu Nongjing Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610399788.7A priority Critical patent/CN106069462A/en
Publication of CN106069462A publication Critical patent/CN106069462A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of walnut nursery and method for transplanting, by hole plate seedling growth, cut root transfer, container cultivation, make growth of seedling and transplanting process mutually unaffected, seedling root greatly reduces the loss of root during transplanting with soil ball simultaneously, improve transplanting survival rate, shorten seedling-slowing stage, promote educated seedling root luxuriant, reach to get final product then the standard of grafting.This method practicality simple to operate, low cost, growth potential are consistent, transplanting survival rate more than 95%, transplant Growth of seedling then and substantially, can reach grafting standard to half stock near during autumn, and seedling raise period is short, it is adaptable to large-scale breeding.

Description

A kind of walnut nursery and method for transplanting
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural cultivation field, relate in particular to a kind of walnut nursery and method for transplanting, the especially U.S. Hickory nut seedling replanting.
Background technology
Pecan tree (Carya illinoinensis Koch), has another name called apocarya, pecan, belongs to Juglandaceae Hickory, is to integrate high-grade dry fruit, afforestation, the Eco-economic Type seeds of high-grade timber.Pecan tree is introduced a fine variety To China's history of existing more than 110 year, but introducing and planting is many in fragmentary distribution, fails to form industrialization and produces, main cause it One is that kind is unclear, and breeding seedling is in short supply, corresponding cultivation techniques imperfection etc..With pecan tree industry development and pushing away Extensively, the demand of pecan tree seed constantly expands, and supply falls short of demand strong sprout for domestic pecan tree breeding, research and develop its vernalization and Raising technology can provide excellent stock for kind seedling grafting, is afforestation and wood supply offer resource, has wide city Field prospect.
Produce walnut research from the U.S. going out China 20th century in succession to carry out, at germ plasm resource introduction, fine-variety breeding, breed skill The aspect such as art, efficiency cultivation technology for high has made extensive work, is that the development of China's pecan tree industry is laid a good foundation.But its seedling Wood sowing and breeding technology still suffers from some problems, and owing to pecan tree belongs to the system of taproot, fibrous root is less, in seedling replanting process In, seedlings root is easier to come to harm, and affects seedling replanting survival rate, and Growth of seedling then.Currently without formation one Overlapping complete scale breeding production technology regulation, Quality of Seedlings is uneven, governs the quick of pecan tree industry and sends out Exhibition.
Content of the invention
Goal of the invention: it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of control pecan tree seedling Quality of Seedlings improving and transplant into The method of motility rate.
Technical scheme: in order to realize foregoing invention purpose, a kind of walnut nursery of the present invention and method for transplanting, including as follows Step:
(1) hole plate seedling growth: lay stone at nursery pond and stay in centre groove to lay for perforate water pipe, and up spreading successively If permeable cloth, bacterium culture medium, mixed-matrix, the hole tray spun, and filled cavity disk base material in hole tray, then Walnut Seed is sowed In hole tray, one layer of mixed-matrix is covered on surface;After planting water permeable, control temperature nursery;
(2) root transfer is cut: seedling emergence was at 15-25 days, and height is when 15-20cm, transplants;
(3) container is cultivated: carry out container nursery, early stage overlay film, sunshade after transplanting, and control canopy temperature is not higher than 35 DEG C, after 20~25 days, cancel sunshade.
Specifically, in described step (1), hole plate seedling growth is to carry out in the high nursery pond of 0.8m width, 30cm, and stone spreads If being highly less than 8cm, perforate water pipe is the pvc pipe of diameter 8-10cm, and perforate is upwards;Described bacterium culture medium thickness is 5cm, Mixed-matrix thickness is 10-12cm.Seedlings nursing plate can be changed according to actual needs, and the present invention selects the XT50A of the degree of depth about 9cm Type hole tray (5 × 10 holes, 330 caves/m2) it is closely laid in mixed-matrix upper strata.
Described bacterium culture medium is by being collected the culture medium residue after cultivating bacterial spawn, after removal of impurities, airing, through overlay film Windrow, obtains after keeping being not less than 45 DEG C of fermentations 8~15 days.
Described mixed-matrix is that volume ratio 3: 1: 1 turfy soil, perlite, vermiculite mix.Described plug media is mixed Close matrix to mix by 7: 3 volume ratios with soil, it is contemplated that the feature of the pecan tree system of taproot, be more beneficial for the life of seedling Long.
Preferably, in described step (1) also after having laid mixed-matrix, with the Gao Meng of mass percent concentration 0.5% Acid potassium solution sprays nursery pond, then flattens mixed-matrix surface.The nursery temperature of described step (1) controls at 20-25 DEG C.
Should be noted that, the present invention includes but is not limited to educating of pecan tree (Carya illinoinensis Koch) Seedling and method for transplanting, belong to other class English walnuts of Juglandaceae, on the basis of without departing from the principle of the invention, all the present invention's Within protection domain.
In described step (2), the native bulb diameter of seedling replanting is no less than 5cm, and the degree of depth is no less than 10cm.
Beneficial effect: the 1st, the method for the present invention, has practicality simple to operate, low cost, transplanting survival rate height, growth potential one The features such as cause, transplanting survival rate more than 95%, transplant Growth of seedling then and substantially, can reach to half stock near during autumn and transfer Connecing standard, seedling raise period is short, it is adaptable to large-scale breeding.
2nd, the present invention is by nursery in application hole tray, makes growth of seedling and transplanting process mutually unaffected, seedling simultaneously Root greatly reduces the loss of root during transplanting with soil ball, improves transplanting survival rate, shortens seedling-slowing stage, promotes institute's nursery wood root It is luxuriant, reach to get final product then the standard of grafting.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1
(1) hole plate seedling growth
In seedling cultivation greenhouse, nursery pond (bottom is covered with the thick stone of 8cm) ground high to 0.8m width, surrounding 30cm is made into V Shape, the pvc pipe of a piece diameter 8-10cm of V-Bottom portion placement, one side upward is outputed substantial amounts of aperture, and is covered with permeable anvil cloth Lid.Then the thick bacterium culture medium of 5cm is spread.Upper strata repaves the thick mixed-matrix of 10-12cm, substrate composition be volume ratio be 3: 1: 1 Turfy soil, perlite and vermiculite, then spray bed surface sterilization with the liquor potassic permanganate that mass percent concentration is 0.5%, Leveling.The XT50A type hole tray of the degree of depth about 9cm is closely laid in upper strata, and in hole tray, matrix uses the cave of 30% volume of amount containing soil Disk base material, sows pecan tree (Carya illinoinensis Koch) seed in hole tray, then covers 3-5cm again Mixed-matrix.After planting water permeable, afterwards the in good time moisturizing of dry and wet situation according to seedling medium.Control temperature indoor temperature range 20-25℃。
Bacterium culture medium is by being collected the culture medium residue after cultivating bacterial spawn, after removal of impurities, airing, through overlay film heap Material, obtains after keeping being not less than 45 DEG C of fermentations 8~15 days.
(2) root transfer is cut
Seedling emergence about 20 days, seedling height 15-20cm, semi-lignified can be transplanted by obvious seedling.With holding Living seedling base portion to pull up gently, the root beyond growing bottom hole tray is cut, and puts into the transfer box of 50cm × 40cm × 30cm, Handle with care, keep the integrality of root band soil ball, transplant to the container for plant growth installing matrix in advance.Method particularly includes: use 3-5cm width, the bamboo clappers of 20-25cm length dig out bore 5cm in a reservoir, the aperture of degree of depth 10cm, will band soil ball seedling gently Put into, with bamboo clappers gently by earthen backfill, and be compacted.
(3) container is cultivated
To water permeable at once to the container seedling after transplanting, be divided into preferably with container bottom aperture not water seepage, the later stage is according to soil The humiture situation of earth matrix carries out Spray irrigation.Transplanting the initial stage after seedling, plastic house plastic sheeting, outer cover sunshade net hides The moon, control canopy temperature is not higher than 35 DEG C, starts the plastic sheeting of booth both sides, ventilative cooling when temperature is too high.20-25 After it, booth top sunshade net is removed.
Test example 1
Disseminate nursery with the routine without hole tray for comparison.20 days, the situation of 30 days, result body in Table 1 are transplanted in contrast Existing:
Table 1. hydro-thermal hotbed processes the impact on pecan tree seed germination
Visible, the seedling percent of transplanting hole tray seedling is significantly higher than control group, and transplants latter 30 days more than 50% seedling Have and newly slightly extract out.Seedling replanting current increment is significantly higher than control group.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that: for the ordinary skill people of the art For Yuan, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a walnut nursery and method for transplanting, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1) hole plate seedling growth: lay stone at nursery pond and stay in centre groove to lay for perforate water pipe, and up lay successively thoroughly Water spins cloth, bacterium culture medium, mixed-matrix, hole tray, and filled cavity disk base material in hole tray, then Walnut Seed is seeded in cave In dish, one layer of mixed-matrix is covered on surface;After planting water permeable, control temperature nursery;
(2) root transfer is cut: seedling emergence was at 15-25 days, and height is when 15-20cm, transplants;
(3) container is cultivated: carry out container nursery, early stage overlay film, sunshade after transplanting, and control canopy temperature is not higher than 35 DEG C, and 20 After~25 days, cancel sunshade.
2. a kind of walnut nursery according to claim 1 and method for transplanting, it is characterised in that: described step (1) hole tray is educated Seedling is to carry out in the high nursery pond of 0.8m width, 30cm, and stone is laid height and is less than 8cm, and perforate water pipe is diameter 8-10cm Pvc pipe, perforate is upwards;Described bacterium culture medium thickness is 5cm, and mixed-matrix thickness is 10-12cm.
3. a kind of walnut nursery according to claim 2 and method for transplanting, it is characterised in that: described bacterium culture medium passes through Culture medium residue after cultivating bacterial spawn is collected, after removal of impurities, airing, through overlay film windrow, keep being not less than 45 DEG C of fermentations 8~ Obtain after 15 days.
4. a kind of walnut nursery according to claim 2 and method for transplanting, it is characterised in that: described mixed-matrix is volume Mix than 3: 1: 1 turfy soils, perlite, vermiculite.
5. a kind of walnut nursery according to claim 2 or 4 and method for transplanting, it is characterised in that: described plug media is Mixed-matrix and soil are mixed by 7: 3 volume ratios.
6. a kind of walnut nursery according to claim 1 and 2 and method for transplanting, it is characterised in that: in described step (1) also After having laid mixed-matrix, spray nursery pond, then leveling mixing with the liquor potassic permanganate of mass percent concentration 0.5% Stromal surface.
7. a kind of walnut nursery according to claim 1 and 2 and method for transplanting, it is characterised in that: educating of described step (1) Seedling temperature controls at 20-25 DEG C.
8. a kind of walnut nursery according to claim 1 and 2 and method for transplanting, it is characterised in that: children in described step (2) The native bulb diameter of transplantation of seedlings is no less than 5cm, and the degree of depth is no less than 10cm.
CN201610399788.7A 2016-06-07 2016-06-07 A kind of walnut nursery and method for transplanting Pending CN106069462A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106900469A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-30 仁怀市龙井乡利东种植开发有限公司 The method for culturing seedlings of walnut
CN111955333A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-11-20 江苏水木农景股份有限公司 Cultivation method of large container seedlings of carya illinoensis fruiting bodies

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102415326A (en) * 2011-09-15 2012-04-18 袁强 Seedling raising pool and seedling raising method
CN104082082A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-08 重庆市万州区富邦农业开发有限责任公司 Cultivation method for American pecan grafted seedlings
CN105028090A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-11 江苏水木农景股份有限公司 Root cutting method for apocarya
CN105165524A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-23 管天球 Walnut big seedling culture method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102415326A (en) * 2011-09-15 2012-04-18 袁强 Seedling raising pool and seedling raising method
CN104082082A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-08 重庆市万州区富邦农业开发有限责任公司 Cultivation method for American pecan grafted seedlings
CN105028090A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-11 江苏水木农景股份有限公司 Root cutting method for apocarya
CN105165524A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-23 管天球 Walnut big seedling culture method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
朱海军等: "《薄壳山核桃容器育苗技术浅析》", 《林业实用技术》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106900469A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-30 仁怀市龙井乡利东种植开发有限公司 The method for culturing seedlings of walnut
CN111955333A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-11-20 江苏水木农景股份有限公司 Cultivation method of large container seedlings of carya illinoensis fruiting bodies
CN111955333B (en) * 2020-08-31 2022-07-05 江苏水木农景股份有限公司 Cultivation method of large container seedlings of carya illinoensis fruiting bodies

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