CN105917883A - Cultivation method for dwarfed sweetgum bonsai - Google Patents

Cultivation method for dwarfed sweetgum bonsai Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105917883A
CN105917883A CN201610247849.8A CN201610247849A CN105917883A CN 105917883 A CN105917883 A CN 105917883A CN 201610247849 A CN201610247849 A CN 201610247849A CN 105917883 A CN105917883 A CN 105917883A
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China
Prior art keywords
sweetgum
potted landscape
fertilizer
downgrading
soil
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CN201610247849.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘小忠
其他发明人请求不公开姓名
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JURONG MANYUANCHUN FAMILY FARM
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JURONG MANYUANCHUN FAMILY FARM
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Priority to CN201610247849.8A priority Critical patent/CN105917883A/en
Publication of CN105917883A publication Critical patent/CN105917883A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method for a dwarfed sweetgum bonsai. According to the invention, a cultivation and management method is systematically provided from the following aspects: selection of transplanting seedlings, manufacturing of bonsai cultivation soil, potting treatment, stage pruning treatment, and nutrient and water management; a formula for the bonsai cultivation soil and a manufacturing method thereof are optimized, so the survival rate and the seedling quality of the dwarfed sweetgum bonsai are effectively improved; and reasonable stage pruning treatment and potting treatment effectively control a plant shape, so the bonsai has an elegant plant shape and high ornamental value.

Description

A kind of cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape
Technical field
The present invention relates to the planting technology of ornamental trees and shrubs, especially relate to a kind of cultivation side downgrading sweetgum potted landscape Method.
Background technology
Chinese sweet gum, deciduous tree, up to 30 meters, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, can be in Zhong Zaizuo front yard, gardens in China up to 1 meter Shady tree, can in meadow isolated planting, group planting, or in hillside, Chi Pan and other trees mixed plantings, if joining with evergreen grove Close plantation, red green phase contrast in autumn, can seem especially beautiful.
Chinese sweet gum is due to the ornamental value of its uniqueness, and people are often not content with viewing and admiring of gardens, it is desirable to Jiang Qina View and admire in entering office or in the middle of oneself garden, therefore, downgrade the cultivation of sweetgum potted landscape the most gradually by people Favored, viewed and admired more with other maple kind such as trident maple, red maples etc. as potted landscape at present, and sweetgum potted landscape Owing to its survival rate is low and plant type is difficult to control to often bring a difficult problem.
Accordingly, it would be desirable to a kind of new technical scheme solves the problems referred to above.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: the survival rate of the current sweetgum potted landscape in the presence of prior art is relatively low and plant type in order to solve Unmanageable problem, the present invention proposes one and is effectively improved survival rate and seedling quality, and can well control The cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape of plant type processed.
Technical scheme: to achieve these objectives, the present invention takes techniques below scheme: a kind of sweetgum potted landscape of downgrading Cultural method, comprises the steps:
(1) screening of transplanted seedling: the healthy disease-free sweetgum treelet of screening is as transplanted seedling, and treelet is the most not More than 50-60cm;
(2) making of potted landscape cultivating soil: prepare a uncovered basin alms bowl container, container bottom lays height for holding The mixture of the vermiculite of device height 1/3, river sand, peat and rice husk;On the mixture face cover one layer with The plastic sheeting of air-vent, applies base fertilizer on film, and covers the mixture of humus soil and moistening soil To height to container height 2/3, vessel port seals with wooden lid, is first placed in refrigerator temperature and is maintained at-5-0 DEG C Take out room temperature after placing 2-3h and place stand-by;
(3) upper basin processes: potted landscape cultivating soil prepared by step (2) be mixed with cycocel, paclobutrazol and The moistening river sand of cocoanut active charcoal is filled up to before basin alms bowl opening's edge 3-5cm, plantation in 24h enter potted landscape cultivating soil Row is disinfected, and plants the selection of time 2-3 month, and in plantation, before basin, branch and root to transplanted seedling is carried out once Prune, plant complete water to surface earth moisten;
(4) pruning modes by stages: once prune when there being branch branch to grow more than 20cm, and Plant growth retardent spread by tangent plane after pruning, prunes old branch, withered stem at any time off, keeps the short attitude in the end;Meanwhile, Cut off the branch overgrow in time, keep tall and straight beautiful, reasonable organization;
(5) rich water quality management: duty is watered, keeps basin soil to moisten, and uses liquid have with Zhan Yeqian before rudiment in spring Machine fertilizer once, do not apply fertilizer by autumn, uses liquid compound fertilizer winter once.
Further, in described step (2), basin alms bowl container selects non-green, non-red container.
Further, in described step (2), the mass ratio of vermiculite, river sand, peat and rice husk is 1:3:1:1.
Further, in described step (2), base fertilizer is formed by following material is calculated by mass: the beans of 30% Fertilizer, the green manure of 30%, the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer of 20%, the poultry dung of 10%, the trace element of 3% and remaining The fertile soil of amount.
Further, described trace element be iron, molybdenum, cobalt, selenium mass ratio be the mixture of 3:1:2:1.
Further, in described step (2), the humidity of moistening soil is 25-45%.
Further, the daminozide that plant growth retardent is 0.3% in described step (4) and hydrogen peroxide Mass ratio is the mixture of 2:5.
Further, described step (5) with the addition of in Liquid organic fertilizer the trace element of 2%.
Further, in described step (5), in liquid composite fertilizer, the content of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is not less than 30%.
Beneficial effect: a kind of cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape that the present invention provides, screening from transplanted seedling The making of potted landscape cultivating soil, the process of upper basin, by stages pruning modes proposing to rich water quality management various aspects system A set of cultivation and management method, optimize the formula of potted landscape cultivating soil with and preparation method thereof, be effectively increased short Changing survival rate and the seedling quality of sweetgum potted landscape, pruning modes and upper basin process and effectively control strain the most by stages Type, potted landscape keeps graceful plant type, and ornamental value is big.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
A kind of cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape, comprises the steps:
(1) screening of transplanted seedling: the healthy disease-free sweetgum treelet of screening is as transplanted seedling, and treelet is the most not More than 50cm;
(2) making of potted landscape cultivating soil: prepare a uncovered basin alms bowl container, container bottom lays height for holding The mixture of the vermiculite of device height 1/3, river sand, peat and rice husk;On the mixture face cover one layer with The plastic sheeting of air-vent, applies base fertilizer on film, and covers the mixture of humus soil and moistening soil To height to container height 2/3, vessel port seals with wooden lid, is first placed in refrigerator temperature and is maintained at-5-0 DEG C Take out room temperature after placing 2h and place stand-by;
(3) upper basin processes: potted landscape cultivating soil prepared by step (2) be mixed with cycocel, paclobutrazol and The moistening river sand of cocoanut active charcoal is filled up to before basin alms bowl opening's edge 3cm, plantation in 24h carry out potted landscape cultivating soil Disinfecting, plant the selection of time 2-3 month, in plantation, before basin, branch and root to transplanted seedling is once repaiied Cut, plant complete water to surface earth moisten;
(4) pruning modes by stages: once prune when there being branch branch to grow more than 20cm, and Plant growth retardent spread by tangent plane after pruning, prunes old branch, withered stem at any time off, keeps the short attitude in the end;Meanwhile, Cut off the branch overgrow in time, keep tall and straight beautiful, reasonable organization;
(5) rich water quality management: duty is watered, keeps basin soil to moisten, and uses liquid have with Zhan Yeqian before rudiment in spring Machine fertilizer once, do not apply fertilizer by autumn, uses liquid compound fertilizer winter once.
Wherein, in described step (2) basin alms bowl container select non-green, non-red container, vermiculite, river sand, The mass ratio of peat and rice husk is 1:3:1:1, and base fertilizer is formed by following material is calculated by mass: the beans of 30% are fertile, The green manure of 30%, the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer of 20%, the poultry dung of 10%, the trace element of 3% and surplus Fertile soil, trace element is the mixture of 3:1:2:1 for iron, molybdenum, cobalt, selenium mass ratio;Moisten the wet of soil Degree is 25%;The daminozide that plant growth retardent is 0.3% and hydrogen peroxide mass ratio in step (4) are The mixture of 2:5;Step (5) with the addition of the trace element of 2%, in liquid composite fertilizer in Liquid organic fertilizer The content of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is not less than 30%.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape, comprises the steps:
(1) screening of transplanted seedling: the healthy disease-free sweetgum treelet of screening is as transplanted seedling, and treelet is the most not More than 60cm;
(2) making of potted landscape cultivating soil: prepare a uncovered basin alms bowl container, container bottom lays height for holding The mixture of the vermiculite of device height 1/3, river sand, peat and rice husk;On the mixture face cover one layer with The plastic sheeting of air-vent, applies base fertilizer on film, and covers the mixture of humus soil and moistening soil To height to container height 2/3, vessel port seals with wooden lid, is first placed in refrigerator temperature and is maintained at-5-0 DEG C Take out room temperature after placing 3h and place stand-by;
(3) upper basin processes: potted landscape cultivating soil prepared by step (2) be mixed with cycocel, paclobutrazol and The moistening river sand of cocoanut active charcoal is filled up to before basin alms bowl opening's edge 5cm, plantation in 24h carry out potted landscape cultivating soil Disinfecting, plant the selection of time 2-3 month, in plantation, before basin, branch and root to transplanted seedling is once repaiied Cut, plant complete water to surface earth moisten;
(4) pruning modes by stages: once prune when there being branch branch to grow more than 20cm, and Plant growth retardent spread by tangent plane after pruning, prunes old branch, withered stem at any time off, keeps the short attitude in the end;Meanwhile, Cut off the branch overgrow in time, keep tall and straight beautiful, reasonable organization;
(5) rich water quality management: duty is watered, keeps basin soil to moisten, and uses liquid have with Zhan Yeqian before rudiment in spring Machine fertilizer once, do not apply fertilizer by autumn, uses liquid compound fertilizer winter once.
Wherein, in described step (2) basin alms bowl container select non-green, non-red container, vermiculite, river sand, The mass ratio of peat and rice husk is 1:3:1:1, and base fertilizer is formed by following material is calculated by mass: the beans of 30% are fertile, The green manure of 30%, the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer of 20%, the poultry dung of 10%, the trace element of 3% and surplus Fertile soil, trace element is the mixture of 3:1:2:1 for iron, molybdenum, cobalt, selenium mass ratio;Moisten the wet of soil Degree is 45%;The daminozide that plant growth retardent is 0.3% and hydrogen peroxide mass ratio in step (4) are The mixture of 2:5;Step (5) with the addition of the trace element of 2%, in liquid composite fertilizer in Liquid organic fertilizer The content of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is not less than 30%.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape, comprises the steps:
(1) screening of transplanted seedling: the healthy disease-free sweetgum treelet of screening is as transplanted seedling, and treelet is the most not More than 55cm;
(2) making of potted landscape cultivating soil: prepare a uncovered basin alms bowl container, container bottom lays height for holding The mixture of the vermiculite of device height 1/3, river sand, peat and rice husk;On the mixture face cover one layer with The plastic sheeting of air-vent, applies base fertilizer on film, and covers the mixture of humus soil and moistening soil To height to container height 2/3, vessel port seals with wooden lid, is first placed in refrigerator temperature and is maintained at-5-0 DEG C Take out room temperature after placing 2-3h and place stand-by;
(3) upper basin processes: potted landscape cultivating soil prepared by step (2) be mixed with cycocel, paclobutrazol and The moistening river sand of cocoanut active charcoal is filled up to before basin alms bowl opening's edge 4cm, plantation in 24h carry out potted landscape cultivating soil Disinfecting, plant the selection of time 2-3 month, in plantation, before basin, branch and root to transplanted seedling is once repaiied Cut, plant complete water to surface earth moisten;
(4) pruning modes by stages: once prune when there being branch branch to grow more than 20cm, and Plant growth retardent spread by tangent plane after pruning, prunes old branch, withered stem at any time off, keeps the short attitude in the end;Meanwhile, Cut off the branch overgrow in time, keep tall and straight beautiful, reasonable organization;
(5) rich water quality management: duty is watered, keeps basin soil to moisten, and uses liquid have with Zhan Yeqian before rudiment in spring Machine fertilizer once, do not apply fertilizer by autumn, uses liquid compound fertilizer winter once.
Wherein, in described step (2) basin alms bowl container select non-green, non-red container, vermiculite, river sand, The mass ratio of peat and rice husk is 1:3:1:1, and base fertilizer is formed by following material is calculated by mass: the beans of 30% are fertile, The green manure of 30%, the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer of 20%, the poultry dung of 10%, the trace element of 3% and surplus Fertile soil, trace element is the mixture of 3:1:2:1 for iron, molybdenum, cobalt, selenium mass ratio;Moisten the wet of soil Degree is 35%;The daminozide that plant growth retardent is 0.3% and hydrogen peroxide mass ratio in step (4) are The mixture of 2:5;Step (5) with the addition of the trace element of 2%, in liquid composite fertilizer in Liquid organic fertilizer The content of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is not less than 30%.
Use a kind of cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape of embodiment 1-3, plant from the potted landscape that screens of transplanted seedling The making of ridging, upper basin process, by stages pruning modes propose a set of cultivation to rich water quality management various aspects system Training and management method, optimize the formula of potted landscape cultivating soil with and preparation method thereof, be effectively increased dwarfing sweetgum The survival rate of potted landscape and seedling quality, pruning modes and upper basin process and effectively control plant type, basin the most by stages Scape keeps graceful plant type, and ornamental value is big.
It should be pointed out that, for those skilled in the art, before without departing from the principle of the invention Putting, it is also possible to make some improvement, these improvement also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1) screening of transplanted seedling: the healthy disease-free sweetgum treelet of screening is as transplanted seedling, and treelet is the most not More than 50-60cm;
(2) making of potted landscape cultivating soil: prepare a uncovered basin alms bowl container, container bottom lays height for holding The mixture of the vermiculite of device height 1/3, river sand, peat and rice husk;On the mixture face cover one layer with The plastic sheeting of air-vent, applies base fertilizer on film, and covers the mixture of humus soil and moistening soil To height to container height 2/3, vessel port seals with wooden lid, is first placed in refrigerator temperature and is maintained at-5-0 DEG C Take out room temperature after placing 2-3h and place stand-by;
(3) upper basin processes: potted landscape cultivating soil prepared by step (2) be mixed with cycocel, paclobutrazol and The moistening river sand of cocoanut active charcoal is filled up to before basin alms bowl opening's edge 3-5cm, plantation in 24h enter potted landscape cultivating soil Row is disinfected, and plants the selection of time 2-3 month, and in plantation, before basin, branch and root to transplanted seedling is carried out once Prune, plant complete water to surface earth moisten;
(4) pruning modes by stages: once prune when there being branch branch to grow more than 20cm, and Plant growth retardent spread by tangent plane after pruning, prunes old branch, withered stem at any time off, keeps the short attitude in the end;Meanwhile, Cut off the branch overgrow in time, keep tall and straight beautiful, reasonable organization;
(5) rich water quality management: duty is watered, keeps basin soil to moisten, and uses liquid have with Zhan Yeqian before rudiment in spring Machine fertilizer once, do not apply fertilizer by autumn, uses liquid compound fertilizer winter once.
The cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described step Suddenly in (2), basin alms bowl container selects non-green, non-red container.
The cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described step Suddenly in (2), the mass ratio of vermiculite, river sand, peat and rice husk is 1:3:1:1.
The cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described step Suddenly in (2), base fertilizer is formed by following material is calculated by mass: the beans fertilizer of 30%, the green manure of 30%, the nitrogen of 20% Phosphorus potassium complex fertilizer, the poultry dung of 10%, the trace element of 3% and the fertile soil of surplus.
The cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described micro- Secondary element be iron, molybdenum, cobalt, selenium mass ratio be the mixture of 3:1:2:1.
The cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described step Suddenly in (2), the humidity of moistening soil is 25-45%.
The cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described step Suddenly the daminozide that plant growth retardent is 0.3% in (4) and hydrogen peroxide mass ratio are the mixture of 2:5.
The cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described step (5) with the addition of in Liquid organic fertilizer the trace element of 2% suddenly.
The cultural method downgrading sweetgum potted landscape the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described step Suddenly in (5), in liquid composite fertilizer, the content of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is not less than 30%.
CN201610247849.8A 2016-04-20 2016-04-20 Cultivation method for dwarfed sweetgum bonsai Pending CN105917883A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155845A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-15 宁波城市职业技术学院 A kind of Plant technique method of landscape plant
CN107455202A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-12-12 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 A kind of manaca pot culturing and dwarfing method
CN108575655A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-09-28 昆明学院 A kind of cultural method for downgrading sweetgum potted landscape
CN110547134A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-12-10 镇江沃野农业科技发展有限公司 Application method of crape myrtle as dwarfing color block

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104126385A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-11-05 安徽美心生态园林有限公司 Acer buergerianum bonsai cultivation method

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104126385A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-11-05 安徽美心生态园林有限公司 Acer buergerianum bonsai cultivation method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
柏劲松: "盆栽红枫的管护要点", 《花木盆景》 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155845A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-15 宁波城市职业技术学院 A kind of Plant technique method of landscape plant
CN107455202A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-12-12 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 A kind of manaca pot culturing and dwarfing method
CN108575655A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-09-28 昆明学院 A kind of cultural method for downgrading sweetgum potted landscape
CN108575655B (en) * 2018-05-18 2020-12-08 昆明学院 Cultivation method of dwarfed sweetgum bonsai
CN110547134A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-12-10 镇江沃野农业科技发展有限公司 Application method of crape myrtle as dwarfing color block
CN110547134B (en) * 2019-07-01 2022-03-01 镇江沃野农业科技发展有限公司 Application method of crape myrtle as dwarfing color block

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Application publication date: 20160907