CN106069146A - A kind of method for planting of vitriol root - Google Patents

A kind of method for planting of vitriol root Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106069146A
CN106069146A CN201610538896.8A CN201610538896A CN106069146A CN 106069146 A CN106069146 A CN 106069146A CN 201610538896 A CN201610538896 A CN 201610538896A CN 106069146 A CN106069146 A CN 106069146A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
planting
soil
root
water
vitriol
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Pending
Application number
CN201610538896.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田飞
张楚涵
王振宇
谢志远
张清
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TIANJIN TEDA GREENING GROUP Co Ltd
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TIANJIN TEDA GREENING GROUP Co Ltd
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Application filed by TIANJIN TEDA GREENING GROUP Co Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN TEDA GREENING GROUP Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610538896.8A priority Critical patent/CN106069146A/en
Publication of CN106069146A publication Critical patent/CN106069146A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention relates to the method for planting of a kind of vitriol root, the method includes wholely, field planting, control water, fertilising, weeding, sunshade, pruning, disease control;Described whole ground step is: selects plot, well-drained slope, the gradient 5 °~10 °, or gentle slope mound, digs according to its original gradient, digs the degree of depth 20~25cm, and soil block in small, broken bits, removing bulk foreign material, simultaneously according to 1kg/m2Mix turfy soil, according to quality than original soil: fluvial sand=1:1 mixes fluvial sand, mixes after uniformly and carries out smooth according to the former gradient and shelving to plot, according to 0.8~1kg/m2Consumption carry out the carbendazim solution spraying 0.15% to disinfecting soil.According to the method for the present invention at vitriol root of planting, being greatly improved the survival rate of vitriol root, shorten turf grass growing time, planting survival rate reaches more than 90%, within about 25 days, can all cover ground.

Description

A kind of method for planting of vitriol root
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultural method of a kind of perennial root flowers, particularly to the method for planting of a kind of vitriol root.
Background technology
Vitriol root (Heucheramicrantha) has another name called Corallium Japonicum Kishinouye bell, and Saxifragaceae vitriol root belongs to, and originates in the middle part of America, for many years Raw cold-resistant herbage flower, shallow root.Phyllopodium is raw, wealthy cardioid, and plant height 30-45cm is evergreen in warm area, spends little, mitriform, Hua Jing 0.6-1.2cm, lateral symmetry, florescence 4~July.Good in fertile, draining, the grown on soil rich in humus is good.In happiness Property meta-acid, loose fertile loam, suitable growth is in the soil that moistening but draining well, is partly sheltered from heat or light.Seedling growth is relatively slow, becomes Grow vigorous after Seedling, be rare color leaf wet-proof plants plant, resistance to-30 DEG C of low temperature.
Vitriol root, covering power is strong, floral leaf holds concurrently U.S., is used for sylvan life flower border, ground quilt, courtyard greening etc. in gardens.It it is reason The perennial root flower border material thought.At present, the application in garden landscape of the vitriol root is relatively fewer, the technical data relevant to the cultivation of vitriol root The most more lack.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is based on habit and the feature of vitriol root, it is provided that the method for planting of a kind of vitriol root, to ensure vitriol root The survival rate planted, promotes the landscape effect of vitriol root.
The technical scheme is that
The method for planting of a kind of vitriol root, including whole, field planting, control water, fertilising, weeding, sunshade, pruning, disease control.Institute Stating whole ground step is: selects plot, well-drained slope (gradient 5 °~10 °) or gentle slope mound, enters according to its original gradient Row digs, and digs the degree of depth 20~25cm, and soil block in small, broken bits, removing bulk foreign material, simultaneously according to 1kg/m2Mix turfy soil, according to matter Amount is than original soil: fluvial sand=1:1 mixes fluvial sand.Mixing after uniformly carries out smooth according to the former gradient and shelving to plot, according to 0.8~ 1kg/m2Consumption carry out the carbendazim solution spraying 0.15% to disinfecting soil.
Further, described field planting step is: selects plant height 10~15cm basin Seedling, digs cave kind according to seeding row spacing 35 × 35cm Planting, the depth of planting is no more than foot petiole.According to 0.5kg/m after having planted2Consumption spread fertilizer over the fields carbamide as base manure, execute Fertilizer waters after completing immediately;(water and preferably use little hydraulic pressure sprinkling irrigation equipment slowly to spray, unavailable head directly rushes and spills).
Further, described control water step is: water, every time when top layer 10cm soil water content is less than 5% Watering and irrigate (reaching saturated soil water content), early morning waters, (water and should select the sprinkling irrigation of little hydraulic pressure or drip irrigation).Open country is planted Vitriol root water freeze-up water winter after no longer water, the frequency of recovering to water normally after spring 3~April having watered water of turning green.
Further, described fertilising step is: in trophophase, every 1~within 2 months, spray mass concentration be 0.1%~ 0.2% potassium nitrate solution once, every time according to 0.4~0.5kg/m2Consumption spray, simultaneously according to 0.3~0.5kg/m2 Consumption spread fertilizer over the fields carbamide;To spray calcium nitrate mass concentration annual 4-5 month in spring be 0.3%~0.5%, nitric acid is magnesia Amount concentration is the calcium and magnesium mixed solution of 0.5%~0.8%.
Further, described weeding step is: it is noted that weed out the rank grass in trophophase, particularly in seedling stage.
Further, described sunshade step is: when naked full sun ecological region planting vitriol root, in sunshade to be set up in summer Net hides, and need not set up sunshade measure when canopy density are more than sylvan life or the half cloudy ecological region planting of 50%.
Further, described shearing procedure is: wipe out plant deadwood and weak branch in time, and Post flowering wipes out residual flower in time.North Aerial parts is all cradled by area, side in the early spring (March), spills one layer of plant ash on stubble upper berth.
Further, described disease control step is: annual April and October loosen the soil in the ranks, spray simultaneously Bravo aqueous emulsion 800~1000 times of liquid sterilize, and using dosage is 0.1~0.2kg/m2
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
According to the method for the present invention at vitriol root of planting, it is greatly improved the survival rate of vitriol root, shortens turf grass growing time, plant into Motility rate reaches more than 90%, within about 25 days, can all cover ground.The vitriol root planted according to the method for the present invention grows fine, Leaf color is vivid, can survive the winter smoothly in north most area, the most also can give play to good landscape effect well, abundant Northern area Green Landscape type.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described, but is not construed as limiting the invention.
Embodiment 1:
With Tianjin Economic Technological Develop-ment Area Eighth Street Taida plants resource database Ji Fang garden " lifting meter Su " vitriol root plant into Example.The vitriol root of this garden is planted and is carried out essentially according to following steps:
Wholely: select well-drained gentle slope mound, turn over according to its original gradient in the plant region of vitriol root of plan Digging, dig degree of depth 25cm, soil block in small, broken bits, removing bulk foreign material, simultaneously according to 1kg/m2Mix turfy soil, former according to mass ratio Soil: fluvial sand=1:1 mixes fluvial sand.According to former shelving, plot is carried out smooth after mixing uniformly.According to 1kg/m2Consumption carry out The carbendazim solution of sprinkling 0.15%, to disinfecting soil, reduces the generation of disease fungal disease.
Field planting: select plant height 10cm basin Seedling, digs cave plantation according to seeding row spacing 35 × 35cm, and the depth of planting is no more than under Portion's petiole.According to 0.5kg/m after having planted2Consumption enter to spread fertilizer over the fields carbamide as base manure, water immediately after having applied fertilizer, water Preferably using little hydraulic pressure sprinkling irrigation equipment slowly to spray, unavailable head directly rushes and spills.
Control water: water when top layer 10cm soil water content is less than 5%, water to irrigate (reaches soil to satisfy every time And water content), water and carry out in the morning, keep night blade to be dried and advantageously reduce disease.Owing to vitriol root root system is shallower and plants It is implanted in the region of certain slope, selection little hydraulic pressure sprinkling irrigation of watering, to reduce, vitriol root root is washed away.The vitriol root that open country is planted No longer water after watering freeze-up water winter, to reduce the generation of freeze injury, after having watered water of turning green in spring 3~April, recover normal Water the frequency.
Fertilising: vitriol root is as foliage plant, and fertilising is main based on nitrogenous fertilizer, potash fertilizer, the main principle of fertilising is " thin fertile diligent Execute ".In trophophase, sprayed every 2 months mass concentration be 0.15% potassium nitrate solution once, every time according to 0.5kg/m2's Consumption sprays, simultaneously according to 0.3kg/m2Consumption spread fertilizer over the fields carbamide, to promote the growth of branch and leaf.Spring 4~May spray The calcium and magnesium mixed solution that calcium nitrate mass concentration is 0.4%, magnesium nitrate mass concentration is 0.6%, to increase the leaf of vitriol root Sheet color and luster, is conducive to preventing heartrot simultaneously.
Weeding: it is noted that weed out the rank grass in trophophase, particularly want uprooting weed in seedling stage, due to vitriol root growth of seedling speed Relatively slow, weeds are easy to form nutrient and the competition of moisture with seedling, affect the growing way of vitriol root.
Sunshade: naked full sun ecological region planting vitriol root time, summer sunshade net to be set up hide, it is to avoid time long Between direct sunlight, sunshade measure need not be set up when the canopy density sylvan life more than 50% or half cloudy ecological region planting.
Prune: periodically wiping out plant deadwood and weak branch, Post flowering wipes out residual flower in time.Mid-March is whole by aerial parts Cradle, spill one layer of plant ash on stubble upper berth, be beneficial to the sprouting of sprouting.
Disease control: annual April and October loosen the soil in the ranks, sprays 1000 times of liquid of Bravo aqueous emulsion simultaneously Sterilizing, using dosage is 0.2kg/m2, eliminate fungal disease.
Result: vitriol root survival rate, to more than 90%, reaches earth's surface all standing, grows fine for 25 days, and leaf color is vivid, even if Also can give play to landscape effect to winter well, become garden landscape vegetation in rare winter.
The above, be only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, and technical scheme is not made any form On restriction.Any simple amendment that above example is made by every technical spirit according to the present invention, equivalent variations with Modify, the most still belong in the range of technical scheme.

Claims (7)

1. the method for planting of a vitriol root, it is characterised in that: include wholely, field planting, control water, fertilising, weeding, sunshade, pruning, disease Evil preventing and treating;Described whole ground step is: selecting plot, well-drained slope, the gradient 5 °~10 °, or gentle slope mound, according to it Original gradient digs, and digs the degree of depth 20~25cm, and soil block in small, broken bits, removing bulk foreign material, simultaneously according to 1kg/m2Mix grass Charcoal soil, according to quality than original soil: fluvial sand=1:1 mixes fluvial sand, mixes after uniformly and puts down plot according to the former gradient and shelving Whole, according to 0.8~1kg/m2Consumption carry out the carbendazim solution spraying 0.15% to disinfecting soil.
A kind of method for planting of vitriol root, it is characterised in that: described field planting step is: select plant height 10~15cm basin Seedlings, dig cave plantation according to seeding row spacing 35 × 35cm, and the depth of planting is no more than foot petiole, after having planted According to 0.5kg/m2Consumption spread fertilizer over the fields carbamide as base manure, water immediately after having applied fertilizer.
A kind of method for planting of vitriol root, it is characterised in that: described control water step is: on top layer Watering when 10cm soil water content is less than 5%, water irrigates every time, and early morning waters, and the vitriol root that open country is planted waters winter No longer water after freeze-up water, the frequency of recovering to water normally after spring 3~April having watered water of turning green.
A kind of method for planting of vitriol root, it is characterised in that: described fertilising step is: at trophophase In, every 1~within 2 months, spray mass concentration be 0.1%~0.2% potassium nitrate solution once, every time according to 0.4~0.5kg/m2's Consumption sprays, simultaneously according to 0.3~0.5kg/m2Consumption spread fertilizer over the fields carbamide;A nitre is sprayed in annual 4-5 month in spring The calcium and magnesium mixed solution that acid calcium mass concentration is 0.3%~0.5%, magnesium nitrate mass concentration is 0.5%~0.8%.
A kind of method for planting of vitriol root, it is characterised in that: described sunshade step is: naked Full sun ecological region planting vitriol root time, summer sunshade net to be set up hide, in the canopy density sylvan life or half more than 50% Sunshade measure need not be set up during cloudy ecological region planting.
A kind of method for planting of vitriol root, it is characterised in that: described shearing procedure is: wipe out in time Plant deadwood and weak branch, Post flowering wipes out residual flower in time;Aerial parts is all cradled by northern area in March, on stubble Paving spills one layer of plant ash.
A kind of method for planting of vitriol root, it is characterised in that: described disease control step is: annual 4 Month and October loosen the soil in the ranks, spray Bravo aqueous emulsion 800 simultaneously~1000 times of liquid sterilize, using dosage It is 0.1~0.2kg/m2
CN201610538896.8A 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 A kind of method for planting of vitriol root Pending CN106069146A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107135927A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-09-08 云南省农业科学院花卉研究所 A kind of alum root cuttage and quick-propagation method
CN111492829A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-08-07 上海市农业科学院 Open-field over-summer method for alum roots in Shanghai region
CN111771567A (en) * 2020-08-07 2020-10-16 泉州市泉美生物科技有限公司 Factory seedling raising method for peach-color flame tissue culture seedlings

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104871945A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-02 北京市花木有限公司 Heuchera micrantha tissue culture propagation ex-vitro rooting seedling hardening method
CN105557287A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-11 天津泰达绿化集团有限公司 Method for planting impatiens wallerana in coastal saline-alkali land

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104871945A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-02 北京市花木有限公司 Heuchera micrantha tissue culture propagation ex-vitro rooting seedling hardening method
CN105557287A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-11 天津泰达绿化集团有限公司 Method for planting impatiens wallerana in coastal saline-alkali land

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
张德祥等: "新优观叶花卉矾根的栽培管理技术", 《林业实用技术》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107135927A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-09-08 云南省农业科学院花卉研究所 A kind of alum root cuttage and quick-propagation method
CN111492829A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-08-07 上海市农业科学院 Open-field over-summer method for alum roots in Shanghai region
CN111771567A (en) * 2020-08-07 2020-10-16 泉州市泉美生物科技有限公司 Factory seedling raising method for peach-color flame tissue culture seedlings

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Application publication date: 20161109