CN105455150B - Gorgon fruit decorticator - Google Patents

Gorgon fruit decorticator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105455150B
CN105455150B CN201510903099.0A CN201510903099A CN105455150B CN 105455150 B CN105455150 B CN 105455150B CN 201510903099 A CN201510903099 A CN 201510903099A CN 105455150 B CN105455150 B CN 105455150B
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China
Prior art keywords
blade
gorgon fruit
separator box
reciprocator
frame
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CN201510903099.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105455150A (en
Inventor
董志
郭彩芬
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Suzhou Vocational University
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Suzhou Vocational University
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Priority to CN201510903099.0A priority Critical patent/CN105455150B/en
Publication of CN105455150A publication Critical patent/CN105455150A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts

Abstract

The invention relates to a gorgon fruit decorticator. The gorgon fruit decorticator comprises a rack with a material entrance arranged in the upper end, a screw which is horizontally arranged is arranged on the rack and on the lower end of the material entrance, the outside end of the screw is provided with a rolling disc, the inside end of the screw is provided with a belt drive device, a separator box is arranged on the rack and on the lower end of the rolling disc, the bottom of the separator box is arranged in an inclined manner, water is continuously injected into the interior of the separator box, a main motor is arranged in the rack, an output shaft of the main motor is provided with a bevel gear drive device which drives the belt drive device and a reciprocating mechanism which is fixedly connected with the separator box, the lowest part of the bottom of the separator box is provided with multiple rows conveyer pipes in different sizes, and the other end of each row of the conveyer pipe is connected with a set of separating mechanisms. The gorgon fruit decorticator can automatically select the appropriate separating mechanism to carry out decortications in dependence on the size of gorgon fruits, the gorgon fruits are not damaged, and therefore the quality of the gorgon fruits is guaranteed.

Description

A kind of Gorgon fruit husking machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to peeling machine field, a kind of Gorgon fruit husking machine is refered in particular to.
Background technology
Disclose a kind of Special Automatic stripping Soviet Union Gorgon euryale Gorgon fruit machine in prior art 201310714383.4, including drive device, Peel off room, charging aperture, support frame, the drive device is bolted installed in the side of support frame, the drive device Drive is peeled off room axis of rotation, it is described peel off room by upper cover plate, adjustable bottom, fixed base plate, second(-)motion shaft, fan blade, Side wall, belt pulley, connecting plate composition, the room of peeling off is welded on support frame by connecting plate, support frame as described above by angle steel and Steel plate is welded;When using, by fan blade rotating band come impact force cause Gorgon fruit to be knocked onto side wall to realize peeling off work Make, but be so easily damaged Gorgon fruit fruit, the quality of Gorgon fruit fruit is influenceed, therefore, we have developed a kind of Gorgon fruit husking machine, energy Size according to Gorgon fruit automatically selects suitable separating mechanism and is peeled off, and Gorgon fruit fruit is not damaged, so as to ensure The quality of Gorgon fruit fruit.
The content of the invention
A kind of Gorgon fruit husking machine is provided the invention aims to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, can be according to the big of Gorgon fruit It is small to automatically select suitable separating mechanism and peeled off, Gorgon fruit fruit is not damaged, so as to ensure that Gorgon fruit fruit Quality.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:A kind of Gorgon fruit husking machine, comprising upper end be provided with into The frame of material mouth;The screw rod of horizontal positioned is provided with the frame in the lower end of feeding mouth;The outer end of the screw rod is provided with Disk is rolled, the inner is connected with V belt translation;Bottom angled is additionally provided with the frame in the lower end for rolling disk to place and internal meeting The separator box of continuous water filling;Main motor is provided with the frame;Driving V belt translation is provided with the output shaft of the main motor Bevel Gear Transmission and the reciprocator that is fixedly connected with separator box;The lowest part of the separator box bottom is provided with multiple rows of size Different delivery pipes;The other end for often arranging the delivery pipe connects one group of separating mechanism respectively.
Preferably, separating mechanism described in every group includes the roller, ratchet, multi-disc blade and the auxiliary electricity that are arranged in frame Machine;The surface of the roller sets multiple rows of circumferencial direction and is uniformly distributed and circular trough corresponding with delivery pipe;The main motor Second group of reciprocator is additionally provided with output shaft;Second group of reciprocator is connected by ratchet with ratchet;The roller It is connected with ratchet by belt;Row's circular trough in the point of a knife slidable of auxiliary blade described in multi-disc;The stand-by motor Liang Zu reciprocators are provided with output shaft, wherein the 3rd group of reciprocator is connected with multi-disc main blade, the 4th group of reciprocator Connected by rack and pinion;It is circular that the main blade is arranged on another row on the lower section of auxiliary blade, and point of a knife slidable Groove;The main blade includes fixed blade and is contacted with the fixed hinged rotating blade of blade and with rotating blade handle of a knife Cam;The cam is coaxial with gear.
Preferably, reciprocator described in every group includes the sector gear being arranged on main motor output shaft and is arranged on sector The tooth bar of gear both sides;Two the same sides of the tooth bar are connected by take-off lever.
Preferably, described rolling is arranged with the end cap that bottom is provided with discharging opening on disk;The separator box is arranged on discharging The lower end of mouth.
Preferably, the lower end of multiple rollers is provided with collecting box in the frame.
Due to the utilization of above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention has following advantages compared with prior art:
Gorgon fruit husking machine of the present invention can automatically select suitable separating mechanism and be peeled off according to the size of Gorgon fruit, Gorgon fruit fruit is set not to be damaged, so as to ensure that the quality of Gorgon fruit fruit.
Brief description of the drawings
Technical solution of the present invention is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of Gorgon fruit husking machine of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the structure chart of reciprocator in Gorgon fruit husking machine of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 3 is the partial enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 1;
Accompanying drawing 4 is the top view at B in Fig. 1;
Accompanying drawing 5 is the upward view at C in Fig. 3;
Accompanying drawing 6 is the top view at D in Fig. 3;
Wherein:1st, feeding mouth;2nd, screw rod;3rd, V belt translation;4th, main motor;5th, Bevel Gear Transmission;6th, reciprocator;61st, tooth Bar;62nd, sector gear;63rd, take-off lever;7th, ratchet;8th, belt;9th, frame;10th, collecting box;11st, disk is rolled;12nd, end cap;13、 Separator box;14th, delivery pipe;15th, roller;16th, auxiliary blade;17th, stand-by motor;18th, circular trough;19th, gear;20th, fixing cutter Piece;21st, rotating blade;22nd, cam.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiment the present invention is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing 1-6 is Gorgon fruit husking machine of the present invention, and the frame 9 of feeding mouth 1 is provided with comprising upper end;The frame The screw rod 2 of horizontal positioned is provided with 9 in the lower end of feeding mouth 1;The outer end of the screw rod 2 is provided with rolls disk 11, for grinding Pressure Gorgon fruit, the inner is connected with V belt translation 3;Described rolling is arranged with the end cap 12 that bottom is provided with discharging opening on disk 11, prevent Gorgon euryale Fruit or crust disorderly splash in tangible separation process, fruit or crust is flowed out from discharging opening;In discharging opening in the frame 9 Lower end be additionally provided with bottom angled place and it is internal can continuous water filling separator box 13, for separate the fruit of Gorgon fruit with it is outer Skin;Main motor 4 and ratchet 7 are provided with the frame 9;The cone for driving V belt translation 3 is provided with the output shaft of the main motor 4 Gear drive 5 and Liang Zu reciprocators 6;Reciprocator 6 described in every group includes the sector gear being arranged on the output shaft of main motor 4 62 and it is arranged on the tooth bar 61 of the both sides of sector gear 62;Two the same sides of the tooth bar 61 are connected by take-off lever 63;Wherein One group of reciprocator 6 is fixedly connected with separator box 13, and another group of reciprocator 6 is connected by ratchet with ratchet 7;The separator box The lowest part of 13 bottoms is provided with two rows delivery pipe 14 of different sizes;The other end for often arranging the delivery pipe 14 connects one respectively Group separating mechanism;Separating mechanism described in every group includes the roller 15, multi-disc auxiliary blade 16 and the stand-by motor that are arranged in frame 17;The surface of the roller 15 sets eight row's circumferencial directions and is uniformly distributed and circular trough 18 corresponding with delivery pipe 14, the rolling Cylinder 15 is connected by belt 8 with ratchet 7;The point of a knife of the auxiliary blade 16 is just to circular trough 18;The stand-by motor 17 it is defeated Liang Zu reciprocators 6 are also equipped with shaft, one of which reciprocator 6 is connected with multi-disc main blade, another group of reciprocator 6 Connected by rack and pinion;The main blade include fixed blade 20 and with the hinged rotating blade of fixed blade 20 21 and the cam 22 that is contacted with the handle of a knife of rotating blade 21;The cam 22 is coaxial with gear;In two rollers in the frame 9 15 lower end is additionally provided with collecting box 10, is easy to collect the Gorgon fruit fruit for stripping.
When using:Main motor 4 and stand-by motor 17 are first opened, the bevel gear of the now setting on the output shaft of main motor 4 passes Dynamic 5 driving V belt translation 3 rotates screw rod 2, and Liang Zu reciprocators 6 drive separator box 13 to move reciprocatingly respectively, ratchet 7 does interval Motion, so that driving roller 15 to do turns intermittent rotary;The new Gorgon fruit plucked is put into from feeding mouth 1, under the drive of screw rod 2 with Roll disk 11 to contact and rolled by pressure, because the shell of Gorgon fruit fruit is more hard, Gorgon fruit will not be grinded up, and Rolling-compaction port spacing only reaches Gorgon fruit fruit and drops out, so as to realize the initial gross separation of Gorgon fruit fruit and crust;Then, the Gorgon euryale with shell Real fruit is together fallen into separator box 13 with the crust for pulverizing, due to having water and the continuous water filling of meeting, Gorgon fruit fruit in separator box 13 Different from the density for pulverizing crust, the Gorgon fruit fruit with shell can sink under water, and the crust for pulverizing can keep afloat and be rushed out point From case 13, being kept completely separate for Gorgon fruit fruit and crust can be so realized;Because now separator box 13 moves reciprocatingly, it is easy to Gorgon fruit Fruit is rolled along slope, and is fallen into delivery pipe 14 automatically according to size, so as to fall into the circular trough 18 set on roller 15, Because now, roller 15 does intermittent rotary under the drive of ratchet 7, when shell and the point of a knife of auxiliary blade 16 of Gorgon fruit fruit connect One openning can be marked when tactile, then roller 15 continues to do intermittent rotary, when stopping, band of the main blade in reciprocator 6 Stretched into the openning for marking before under dynamic, now gear is rotated in the drive lower band moving cam 22 of another group of reciprocator 6, is passed through The handle of a knife of rotating blade 21 is extruded, rotating blade 21 is rotated and is allowed the point of a knife of main blade to open the shell stripping of Gorgon fruit fruit.
Due to the utilization of above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention has following advantages compared with prior art:
Gorgon fruit husking machine of the present invention can automatically select suitable separating mechanism and be peeled off according to the size of Gorgon fruit, Gorgon fruit fruit is set not to be damaged, so as to ensure that the quality of Gorgon fruit fruit.
The above is only concrete application example of the invention, protection scope of the present invention is not limited in any way.All uses Equivalents or equivalence replacement and the technical scheme that is formed, all fall within rights protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of Gorgon fruit husking machine, it is characterised in that:The frame of feeding mouth is provided with comprising upper end;In feeding mouth in the frame Lower end be provided with the screw rod of horizontal positioned;The outer end of the screw rod is provided with rolls disk, and the inner is connected with V belt translation;The machine The separator box of bottom angled placement and the internal continuous water filling of meeting is additionally provided with frame in the lower end for rolling disk;Set in the frame There is main motor;The Bevel Gear Transmission that drives V belt translation is provided with the output shaft of the main motor and is fixedly connected with separator box Reciprocator;The lowest part of the separator box bottom is provided with multiple rows of delivery pipe of different sizes;Often arrange the another of the delivery pipe One end connects one group of separating mechanism respectively;Separating mechanism described in every group includes the roller, ratchet, the multi-disc auxiliary that are arranged in frame Blade and stand-by motor;The surface of the roller sets multiple rows of circumferencial direction and is uniformly distributed and circular trough corresponding with delivery pipe; Second group of reciprocator is additionally provided with the output shaft of the main motor;Second group of reciprocator is connected by ratchet with ratchet Connect;The roller is connected by belt with ratchet;Row's circular trough in the point of a knife slidable of auxiliary blade described in multi-disc;It is described Liang Zu reciprocators are provided with the output shaft of stand-by motor, wherein the 3rd group of reciprocator is connected with multi-disc main blade, the 4th Group reciprocator is connected by rack and pinion;The main blade is arranged on the lower section of auxiliary blade, and point of a knife slidable Another row's circular trough;The main blade include fixed blade and with the fixed hinged rotating blade of blade and and rotating knife The cam of piece handle of a knife contact;The cam is coaxial with gear.
2. Gorgon fruit husking machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Reciprocator described in every group includes being arranged on main electricity Sector gear and the tooth bar for being arranged on sector gear both sides on machine output shaft;Two the same sides of the tooth bar pass through take-off lever Connection.
3. Gorgon fruit husking machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described being rolled be arranged with disk bottom and be provided with out The end cap of material mouth;The separator box is arranged on the lower end of discharging opening.
4. Gorgon fruit husking machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Set in the lower end of multiple rollers in the frame There is collecting box.
CN201510903099.0A 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 Gorgon fruit decorticator Active CN105455150B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510903099.0A CN105455150B (en) 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 Gorgon fruit decorticator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510903099.0A CN105455150B (en) 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 Gorgon fruit decorticator

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CN105455150A CN105455150A (en) 2016-04-06
CN105455150B true CN105455150B (en) 2017-05-24

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105707913B (en) * 2016-04-17 2017-07-11 淮阴工学院 Gorgon fruit seed peeling machine
CN107469916B (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-10-02 荆门市易轩表面处理科技有限公司 A kind of apparatus for treating sewage
CN108851097B (en) * 2018-05-28 2020-04-24 淮阴工学院 Gorgon fruit production line of shelling
CN111685341B (en) * 2020-06-28 2022-07-26 李玉俊 Gorgon fruit shelling device for processing

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2217021C2 (en) * 2001-09-10 2003-11-27 Воронцов Юрий Васильевич Cedar nut core shelling method
CN201515676U (en) * 2009-03-23 2010-06-30 江苏省苏州创德兴芡实有限公司 Intelligent gordon euryale seed shucker
RU2463927C1 (en) * 2011-03-30 2012-10-20 Федеральное государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Рязанский государственный агротехнологический университет имени П.А. Костычева" Device for nut cracking
CN202653119U (en) * 2012-05-25 2013-01-09 刘建军 Coring disc and device for lotus seeds
CN103767049B (en) * 2014-01-27 2015-11-11 洪泽智狼自动化设备厂 The automatic hulling device of a kind of Gorgon fruit
CN203692457U (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-07-09 周红卫 Rotor blade type wet Gorgon fruit shelling and separating machine
CN105077525A (en) * 2014-05-21 2015-11-25 新昌县东茗乡宝昱机械厂 Walnut squeezing and crushing device capable of sorting walnuts according to diameters
CN205284918U (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-06-08 苏州市职业大学 Peeling machine for euryale ferox

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