CN111822324A - Seed-shell separator - Google Patents

Seed-shell separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111822324A
CN111822324A CN201910320632.9A CN201910320632A CN111822324A CN 111822324 A CN111822324 A CN 111822324A CN 201910320632 A CN201910320632 A CN 201910320632A CN 111822324 A CN111822324 A CN 111822324A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
shell
rotating
rotating shaft
feeding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910320632.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赖琼玮
凌小辉
魏冰
陈耕
邓一军
胡坤
李元军
黄闺
吴丹
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hunan Dashanxiang Oil Machinery Co ltd
Original Assignee
Hunan Dashanxiang Oil Machinery Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hunan Dashanxiang Oil Machinery Co ltd filed Critical Hunan Dashanxiang Oil Machinery Co ltd
Priority to CN201910320632.9A priority Critical patent/CN111822324A/en
Publication of CN111822324A publication Critical patent/CN111822324A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/18Drum screens
    • B07B1/22Revolving drums
    • B07B1/24Revolving drums with fixed or moving interior agitators
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/4609Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens constructional details of screening surfaces or meshes
    • B08B1/12
    • B08B1/32
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B1/00Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials
    • C11B1/02Pretreatment
    • C11B1/04Pretreatment of vegetable raw material

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery and discloses a seed-shell separator, which comprises a rack, wherein a feeding device, a rotating device connected with the feeding device and a driving device for providing power for the rotating device are arranged on the rack; the rotating device is fixed on a shell outlet screen drum on the rack and a rotating shaft rotating in the shell outlet screen drum, the rotating shaft is driven by the driving device, the surface of the shell outlet screen drum is a smooth strip seam which is spirally arranged, and a feeding hole is arranged and connected with the feeding device; the rotating shaft is provided with a stirring mechanism, and the stirring mechanism comprises a roller fixed on the rotating shaft and brush strips arranged on the surface of the roller.

Description

Seed-shell separator
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a seed-shell separator for separating shells from husks.
Background
The camellia oleifera is a woody oil crop with higher economic value, wherein the tea seeds contain rich grease and are raw materials for processing the tea oil. The camellia oleifera fruit consists of camellia oleifera shells and camellia seeds, and an important process before oil processing is dehulling and cleaning operation of the camellia oleifera fruit. With the continuous increase of the planting area of the oil tea in China, the demand of mechanical equipment for the mechanized pretreatment of the oil tea fruits is urgent. The fresh fruits are high in water content just picked, if the fresh fruits are not separated in time, the fresh fruits are easy to mildew, the subsequent drying, storage and processing of the camellia seeds are affected, and the camellia fruits need to be separated after being picked. After separation, cleaning of the mixture of shells and seeds is a technical difficulty of mechanical equipment. At present, the method for cleaning the shells and the seeds of the camellia oleifera mainly adopts modes of screening, specific gravity, color selection and the like, the separation effect does not meet the requirements of users, and the shell content rate of the camellia oleifera seeds is high or the shells contain the camellia oleifera seeds.
At present, fresh oil-tea camellia fruit separation and cleaning machines on the market directly separate oil-tea camellia fruit with different sizes by mixing all the fresh oil-tea camellia fruits together, or firstly screen the fresh oil-tea camellia fruits by other equipment and then separate the fresh oil-tea camellia fruits in batches, and then clean oil-tea camellia shells and oil-tea camellia seeds by vibration, screening and other modes.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly aims to provide a seed-shell separator, aiming at solving the problems of low separation efficiency and poor separation effect of the existing separation and cleaning equipment.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
the seed-shell separator comprises a rack, wherein a feeding device, a rotating device connected with the feeding device and a driving device for providing power for the rotating device are arranged on the rack;
the rotating device is fixed on a shell outlet screen drum on the rack and a rotating shaft rotating in the shell outlet screen drum, the rotating shaft is driven by the driving device, the surface of the shell outlet screen drum is a smooth strip seam which is spirally arranged, and a feeding hole is arranged and connected with the feeding device;
the rotating shaft is provided with a stirring mechanism, and the stirring mechanism comprises a roller fixed on the rotating shaft and brush strips arranged on the surface of the roller.
Further, the rotating device is arranged obliquely to the horizontal plane.
Further, the roller is fixed on the rotating shaft through a hollow shaft.
Further, feed arrangement includes feeder hopper and ejection of compact adjustment mechanism, the feeder hopper is equipped with feed inlet and discharge gate respectively, ejection of compact adjustment mechanism including set up the picture peg in the feeder hopper and with picture peg complex accommodate the lead screw.
Furthermore, the rack is also provided with a corresponding discharge channel and a corresponding slag discharge channel.
Further, the feeding device is detachably connected with the rack.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the seed-shell separator can continuously operate under the action of the roller and the brush strip, so that the efficiency is greatly improved; the separation mode of the roller, the brush strips and the smooth surface strip seam is adopted, the separation effect is good, and the situation of broken seeds in the separation process is avoided; the seed shells are discharged in real time through the seams of the polished surface seams, and the separation effect is good.
The seed-shell separator has the advantages of simple principle, high working efficiency, separation rate of 100%, no damage to seed kernels in the separation process, high seed-shell separation rate of over 99.9%, rapidness and cleanness, and suitability for separating dry tea seeds from nut seeds.
Additional features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the detailed description which follows.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a seed-shell separator.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a rotating device.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of a rotating shaft structure.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the feeding device.
The device comprises a feeding device 1, a rotating device 2, a driving device 3, a frame 4, a machine foot 5, a slag discharge channel 6, a discharge channel 7, a hollow shaft 8, a feed hopper 11, a plug board 12, an adjusting screw rod 13, a fixing plate 14, a feed inlet 15, a discharge outlet 16, a shell discharge screen drum 21, a rotating shaft 22, a smooth strip seam 211, a shell discharge screen drum feed inlet 212, a roller 23 and brush strips 231.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the following detailed description, wherein the drawings are provided for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to be limiting; to better illustrate the embodiments of the present invention, some parts of the drawings may be omitted, enlarged or reduced, and do not represent the size of an actual product; it will be understood by those skilled in the art that certain well-known structures in the drawings and descriptions thereof may be omitted.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, the present embodiment provides a seed-shell separator, which includes a frame 4, wherein the frame 4 is provided with a feeding device 1, a rotating device 2 connected to the feeding device 1, and a driving device 3 for providing power to the rotating device 2;
the rotating device 2 comprises a shell outlet screen drum 21 fixed on the frame 4 and a rotating shaft 22 rotating in the shell outlet screen drum 21, the rotating shaft 22 is driven by the driving device 3, the surface of the shell outlet screen drum 21 is a smooth strip seam 211 which is spirally arranged, and a feeding hole is arranged and connected with the feeding device 1;
the rotating shaft 22 is provided with a stirring mechanism which comprises a roller 23 fixed on the rotating shaft 22 and a brush strip 231 arranged on the surface of the roller 23.
As shown in fig. 2, the out-shell screen drum 21 may be separated in sections and connected to each other, or may be a whole, or may be a combination of a sealed cylinder and a smooth slotted cylinder, specifically, in this embodiment, the out-shell screen drum 21 is halved and locked by bolts.
Wherein, the arrangement of smooth strip seam 211 is similar to clockwise or anticlockwise spring ring form and is arranged in a 21 periphery of a sieve drum, the thickness of the rib of smooth strip seam 211 is 1-10 mm, the gap is 1-10 mm, and the strip seam surface is smooth and plays a smooth role in discharging.
As shown in FIG. 3, in the embodiment, the brush strip 231 is made of stainless steel or carbon steel, the brush filaments are curved filaments, straight filaments or twisted filaments, the diameter of the brush filaments is 0.1-1 mm, the gap between the end of the brush strip 231 and the smooth strip seam 211 is 5-15 mm, and the shape of the brush strip 231 can be cylindrical or sheet-shaped.
This embodiment is dismantled conveniently for brush strip 231 and roller 23, fix brush strip 231 and roller 23 on axis of rotation 22 through hollow shaft 8, concrete brush strip 231 dress is on roller 23, roller 23 cover is on hollow shaft 8, hollow shaft 8 overlaps again on axis of rotation 22, and through screw tightening, flange bearing then overlaps the afterbody at axis of rotation 22, in the time of dismantling, axis of rotation 22 need not be dismantled, only need unpack flange bearing apart, loosen the hollow shaft screw, can take hollow shaft 8 out and change the brush strip, make the washing, it is more convenient to maintain.
Similarly, the feeding device 1 is detachably fixed on the frame 4, and is locked with the frame 4 through a flange plate in the embodiment, so that the purpose of convenient detachment is achieved.
As shown in fig. 4, the feeding device 1 in this embodiment includes a feeding hopper 11 and a discharging adjusting mechanism, the feeding hopper 11 is respectively provided with a feeding port 15 and a discharging port 16, the discharging adjusting mechanism is respectively provided with a fixing plate 14 on an inserting plate 12, an adjusting screw 13 and the adjusting screw 13, the inserting plate 12 is arranged in the feeding hopper 11, and the specific operation is to rotate the adjusting screw 13 and pull the inserting plate 12, so that the camellia seeds uniformly enter the rotating device 2.
It should be understood that the driving device 3 in the present embodiment may be an electric driving device, a hydraulic driving device or a hand wheel driving device, and is flexibly selected according to actual conditions.
In the present embodiment, the components are mounted on the frame 4 as follows:
the frame 4 is placed on the horizontal ground through the machine leg 5, and is provided with a discharging channel 7 and a slag discharging channel 6, the rotating device 2 is obliquely fixed on the frame 4 compared with the horizontal plane, specifically, the shell discharging screen drum 21, the smooth surface strip seam 211, the rotating shaft 22, the hollow shaft 8, the roller 23 and the brush strip 231 of the rotating device 2 are obliquely arranged compared with the horizontal plane, and the inclination angle is adjusted according to the actual condition;
the feeding device 1 is fixed on the frame 4 and the discharge port 16 is connected with the shell discharging screen drum 21, specifically connected with the shell discharging screen drum feed port 212 arranged on the shell discharging screen drum 21, the driving device 3 comprises a motor, one end of the rotating shaft 22 is connected with the motor through a belt, and the other end of the rotating shaft is fixed on the frame 4 through a bearing.
The working principle of the embodiment is as follows:
opening drive arrangement 3, the tea-oil camellia seed enters into rotating device 2 through feed arrangement 1 in, under the rotation of axis of rotation 22, drives the quick rotation of roller 23 and brush strip 231, and brush strip 231 clears up the tea-oil camellia seed, and the seed shell is discharged from the strip crack of plain noodles strip crack 211, gets into slag removal channel 6, and clean tea-oil camellia seed then gets into discharging channel 7, accomplishes seed and shell separation.
The seed-shell separator can continuously operate under the action of the roller 23 and the brush strip 231, so that the efficiency is greatly improved; the separation mode of the roller 23, the brush strips 231 and the smooth surface strip seams 211 is adopted, so that the separation effect is good, and the situation of seed breaking in the separation process is avoided; the seed shells are discharged in real time through the slots of the polished surface slots 211, and the separation effect is good.
The seed-shell separator has the advantages of simple principle, high working efficiency, separation rate of 100%, no damage to seed kernels in the separation process, high seed-shell separation rate of over 99.9%, rapidness and cleanness, and suitability for separating dry tea seeds from nut seeds.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited thereto. Within the scope of the technical idea of the invention, numerous simple modifications can be made to the technical solution of the invention, including combinations of the individual specific technical features in any suitable way. The invention is not described in detail in order to avoid unnecessary repetition. Such simple modifications and combinations should be considered within the scope of the present disclosure as well.

Claims (6)

1. A seed-shell separator is characterized by comprising a rack, wherein a feeding device, a rotating device connected with the feeding device and a driving device for providing power for the rotating device are arranged on the rack;
the rotating device is fixed on a shell outlet screen drum on the rack and a rotating shaft rotating in the shell outlet screen drum, the rotating shaft is driven by the driving device, the surface of the shell outlet screen drum is a smooth strip seam which is spirally arranged, and a feeding hole is arranged and connected with the feeding device;
the rotating shaft is provided with a stirring mechanism, and the stirring mechanism comprises a roller fixed on the rotating shaft and brush strips arranged on the surface of the roller.
2. The seed-shell separator according to claim 1, wherein the rotating means is disposed at an angle to the horizontal.
3. The seed-husk separator according to claim 1, wherein the drum is fixed to the rotating shaft by a hollow shaft.
4. The seed-shell separator as claimed in claim 1, wherein the feeding device comprises a feeding hopper and a discharging adjusting mechanism, the feeding hopper is provided with a feeding port and a discharging port respectively, and the discharging adjusting mechanism comprises an inserting plate arranged in the feeding hopper and an adjusting screw rod matched with the inserting plate.
5. The seed-shell separator according to claim 1, wherein the frame is further provided with a corresponding discharging channel and a corresponding deslagging channel.
6. The seed-shell separator of claim 1, wherein the feed device is removably coupled to the frame.
CN201910320632.9A 2019-04-20 2019-04-20 Seed-shell separator Pending CN111822324A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910320632.9A CN111822324A (en) 2019-04-20 2019-04-20 Seed-shell separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910320632.9A CN111822324A (en) 2019-04-20 2019-04-20 Seed-shell separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111822324A true CN111822324A (en) 2020-10-27

Family

ID=72911795

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910320632.9A Pending CN111822324A (en) 2019-04-20 2019-04-20 Seed-shell separator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111822324A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112741336A (en) * 2021-01-11 2021-05-04 周红林 Deburring device for processing Chinese chestnuts
CN116871217A (en) * 2023-09-06 2023-10-13 张家港扬子江冷轧板有限公司 Tension roller dust collecting equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112741336A (en) * 2021-01-11 2021-05-04 周红林 Deburring device for processing Chinese chestnuts
CN116871217A (en) * 2023-09-06 2023-10-13 张家港扬子江冷轧板有限公司 Tension roller dust collecting equipment
CN116871217B (en) * 2023-09-06 2023-11-21 张家港扬子江冷轧板有限公司 Tension roller dust collecting equipment

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