A kind of torreya peeling machine
The utility model relates to a kind of mechanical device of nut peeling, especially relates to a kind of torreya peeling machine that is applied to Chinese torreya peeling and taking nuclear.
In the production and process of Chinese torreya, the fresh fruit peeling after the harvesting is its important and difficult step.Because the cyan Chinese torreya follicarpium glue content of bright Chinese torreya fruit is high, and is close to fruit stone, be difficult to peel off.The Chinese torreya skin that rots that accelerates the ripening adopt to be stacked by peasant household in the past, relends to scratch with pocket knife to peel off with hand afterwards, and time-consuming, labour intensity is large, efficient is low.At present, Chinese torreya plantation and processing mainly are in the household contract management mode as the master but not large-scale processing production.There is no at present and can improve Chinese torreya peeling efficient, reduce labour intensity, be fit to the torreya peeling machine of household contract management mode processing.
At present, the research and development of existing Chinese torreya peeling technology, for example, (a) publication number is that the utility model patent of CN201878727U discloses a kind of rolling-type hand-operated Chinese torreya peeling machine on 06 29th, 2011, it adopts method is that Chinese torreya is stirred in the cylinder of peeling machine, constantly rolling, bump, the final fruit section of friction pericarp separate, its weak point has two: the first is constantly clashed into, rolling has increased the extent of damage of Chinese torreya nuclear, simultaneously a large amount of Chinese torreya stack up peelings, the stripping of Chinese torreya skin is unclean; It two is that skin and nuclear after the peeling mixes.(b) publication number is that the patent of invention of CN101779822A discloses a kind of torreya peeling machine on July 21st, 2010, its weak point is rectangular projection and the strip pore structure that lower millstone and upper millstone surface arrange, in mill moves up and down when releasing the rectangular projection of Chinese torreya skin after peeling off and coincide with the strip hole, the easily damage that suffers oppression of the Chinese torreya nuclear between two mills; Because the Chinese torreya Assessment of Nuclear Volume is little, the strip hole is unsuitable excessive again, and Chinese torreya skin depth and many causes the obstruction in space between mill strip hole and upper millstone and the lower millstone easily.
Summary of the invention
The utility model has overcome deficiency of the prior art, provides a kind of simple in structure, can the instead of manual peeling, and torreya peeling machine simple to operate.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical measures that the utility model is taked are: torreya peeling machine comprises support, circle mill, arc covers, wherein round mill can link to each other with support by relative 360 degree rotatably, pass support at circle mill center and be provided with joystick, arc covers one side and support are flexibly connected, and form the space with the circle mill.Be provided with the conical tooth of counterclockwise helical arrangement on circle mill surface.In the support upper end feed hopper is set, sidewall arranges discharging opening, and the lower end arranges the firm support frame.
Further improvement as the torreya peeling machine of utility model: arc covers is 10mm--30mm to the ultimate range of circle mill, and arc covers is up-narrow and down-wide with the formed space of circle mill, and communicates with feed hopper, discharging opening.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: circle mill surface is provided with the conical tooth of counterclockwise helical arrangement, conical tooth plays the effect that cutter scratch the Chinese torreya skin, be counterclockwise helical arrangement and can with the nuclear of the Chinese torreya after the peeling along with helical path is delivered to discharging opening, have realized that pericarp separates with the disposable of fruit stone; Arc covers one side and support movable connection structure, so that arc covers can be realized the expansion in space along with the size of Chinese torreya fruit or dwindle when machine operation, volume varies in size or the peeling of Chinese torreya in irregular shape fruit thereby can be suitable for flexibly, and can reduce the damage in the peeling process.Torreya peeling machine of the present utility model is simple to operate, and is with low cost, improves the peeling efficient of Chinese torreya.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the edge-on cross section structure schematic diagram of torreya peeling machine
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of torreya peeling machine
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.
Comprise support 1, circle mill 2 and arc covers 3 with reference to the given a kind of torreya peeling machine of accompanying drawing.In the upper end of support 1 feed hopper 5 is set, the lower end arranges firm support frame 9, and sidewall arranges a discharging opening 6, and circle mill 2 surfaces arrange the conical tooth 7 of counterclockwise helical arrangement.Circle mill 2 axles are connected on the support 1, and connection circle mill 2 centers are passed support 1 joystick 4 is set, and realize that by shaking joystick the circle mill rotates.Arc covers 3 one sides are connected by adjustable bolt nut assembly 10 with support 1, arc covers 3 covered the circle mill 2 and with its formation space 8, space 8 maximum gauges are 20mm and all communicate with feed hopper 5, discharging opening 6, arc covers 3 lower end radians are slightly larger than the upper end radian, and formed like this space 8 is up-narrow and down-wide state.Circle mill 2 and arc covers 3 suitable employing plastic materials etc. have wearability and have flexible material to be made, to reduce the damage to Chinese torreya nuclear after the peeling.
During work, shake joystick 4 and start 2 rotations of circle mill, the Chinese torreya fruit for the treatment of peeling is entered the space 8 from feed hopper 5, circle mill 2 blocks the Chinese torreya fruit with arc covers 3, the Chinese torreya fruit is subject to the scratching of conical tooth 7 in the running of circle mill 2 and the extruding of arc covers 3 realizes peeling, the scurf that grinds drops from the lower end of arc covers 3, and Chinese torreya nuclear is owing to being tackled by conical tooth 7 and delivering to discharging opening along counterclockwise helical path.