CN106671166A - Intelligent comprehensive treatment system for sugarcane - Google Patents

Intelligent comprehensive treatment system for sugarcane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106671166A
CN106671166A CN201710014230.7A CN201710014230A CN106671166A CN 106671166 A CN106671166 A CN 106671166A CN 201710014230 A CN201710014230 A CN 201710014230A CN 106671166 A CN106671166 A CN 106671166A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
peeling
feeding
discharge
collecting box
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710014230.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106671166B (en
Inventor
邢鑫鑫
Original Assignee
邢鑫鑫
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Publication date
Application filed by 邢鑫鑫 filed Critical 邢鑫鑫
Priority to CN201710014230.7A priority Critical patent/CN106671166B/en
Publication of CN106671166A publication Critical patent/CN106671166A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106671166B publication Critical patent/CN106671166B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/12Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis
    • B26D1/25Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a non-circular cutting member
    • B26D1/26Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a non-circular cutting member moving about an axis substantially perpendicular to the line of cut
    • B26D1/28Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a non-circular cutting member moving about an axis substantially perpendicular to the line of cut and rotating continuously in one direction during cutting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D2210/00Machines or methods used for cutting special materials
    • B26D2210/02Machines or methods used for cutting special materials for cutting food products, e.g. food slicers

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent comprehensive treatment system for sugarcane. The intelligent comprehensive treatment system for the sugarcane realizes the main functions of feeding and discharging for the sugarcane, peeling for the sugarcane, sectioning after the peeling, crushing for sugarcane skin, and the like in a deep processing production line for the sugarcane through arranging a feeding system, a discharging system, a peeling system and a sectioning system, and further realizes the purpose of intelligent control on the whole treatment production line for the sugarcane through arranging a force sensor, a pressure sensor, a laser sensor and the like at key parts, thereby forming a complete intelligent comprehensive treatment system for the sugarcane. The intelligent comprehensive treatment system for the sugarcane, which is disclosed by the invention, is high in automation degree, high in production efficiency, and great in market application value.

Description

A kind of intelligent Caulis Sacchari sinensis total system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Caulis Sacchari sinensis processing system, more particularly to a kind of intelligent Caulis Sacchari sinensis total system, belong to Caulis Sacchari sinensis deep process technology field.
Background technology
Caulis Sacchari sinensis sweet flavor, is not only the raw material for making sucrose, and even more broad masses of the people directly eat the good merchantable brand tasted, But process work after harvesting sugarcane before consumption is relatively complicated, cutting etc. is such as removed the peel, is gone when especially directly being eaten Skin work is even more wastes time and energy, therefore how to carry out intelligent processing method Caulis Sacchari sinensis raw material, and the deep process technology to Caulis Sacchari sinensis is produced Far-reaching influence.
The content of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the present invention provides a kind of intelligent Caulis Sacchari sinensis total system, and which realizes Caulis Sacchari sinensis and goes automatically Skin, cutting and Cortex Sacchari sinensis crush the comprehensive function collected.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is:A kind of intelligent Caulis Sacchari sinensis total system, including:Material storage tube, feeding system System and discharge system, debarking system, cutting system, described feed system include cradle and feeding belt, feeding motor, feeding Platform, two feeding rollers and two feeding roller motors, two feeding rollers laterally adjust hydraulic cylinder, described cradle both upper ends thereof point Two rotating shafts are not provided with, described feeding belt is respectively coated by two rotating shafts, cradle one end is provided with feeding electricity Machine, described feeding motor main shaft are coaxially connected with one of rotating shaft, and feeding motor drives feeding belt motion;Described storing Cylinder longitudinal section is trapezium structure, and is arranged on cradle, and above feeding belt, material storage tube bottom is provided with bakie, Caulis Sacchari sinensis By dropping down onto on feeding belt under bakie;Cradle away from feeding motor one end both sides arrange it is jagged, gap position just under Side is provided with feed station, and feed station is symmetrically arranged with feeding slide rail in cradle both sides, and the outside of two feeding slide rails sets respectively It is equipped with feeding roller and laterally adjusts hydraulic cylinder, described feeding roller laterally adjusts the piston rod end of hydraulic cylinder and is connected with feeding cunning Block, described feeding slide block are slidably mounted on feeding slide rail, and feeding slide block top is provided with feeding roller motor, feeding roller motor Main shaft straight up, and is coaxially installed with a feeding roller, feeding roller Motor drive feeding roller rotary motion, and feeding roller is located at and send Above the feeding belt of bin indentation, there;Feeding roller laterally adjusts Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder feeding roller linear motion, the direction of motion and feeding Tape motion direction is mutually perpendicular to.
Described debarking system includes:Peeling collecting box, guide pad and cutting cube, three peeling blades and three peeling knives Piece installing rack, three peeling blade adjustment hydraulic cylinders, three crushing motors and three crushing shafts, described peeling collecting box is nothing The cuboid housing structure of top cover, peeling collecting box side bottom are hinged and are provided with a peeling chamber door;The top of peeling collecting box Portion middle position is symmetrically arranged with two crossbeams, and peeling collecting box is located at cradle end, and described guide pad is arranged on peeling On crossbeam at the top of collecting box, and near cradle one end, guide pad is internally provided with Caulis Sacchari sinensis guide channel, and described Caulis Sacchari sinensis are led To passage end rectangular cross-section, another end section is circle, and one end of rectangular cross-section is near cradle;Described cutting cube On the crossbeam of peeling collecting box, and guide pad rear is located at, cutting cube is internally provided with peeling guide channel, described Two end section of peeling guide channel is the different circle of diameter, and the one end being relatively large in diameter is oriented near guide pad, i.e. peeling The axis direction of guide channel and the axle of Caulis Sacchari sinensis guide channel in guide pad are removed the peel in passage generally frustum cone structure, and cutting cube Line direction overlaps;The top of cutting cube and left and right sides are inclined-plane, described inclined-plane with peeling guide channel One of tangent plane is parallel to each other, and the top and the left and right sides of cutting cube are respectively arranged with a peeling blade adjustment hydraulic pressure Cylinder;Described two end section of peeling blade is the different sector of diameter, and fan angle is 150 degree, and peeling blade is generally A part for conical shell structure, and cooperate with the peeling guide channel inside cutting cube, peeling blade diameter is less Near guide pad, peeling blade is relatively large in diameter the end of one end and is provided with a peeling blade installing rack, described peeling for one end The piston rod end that blade installing rack adjusts hydraulic cylinder with peeling blade is connected, peeling blade adjustment Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder peeling knife Piece is moved in the peeling guide channel of cutting cube, and the piston rod telescopic direction of peeling blade adjustment hydraulic cylinder is oriented to peeling leads to One of tangent plane in road is parallel to each other, and peeling blade is fitted all the time with peeling guide channel, so as to adjust three peelings Blade diameter small end removes the peel the outreach of guide channel in cutting cube;Peeling is collected lower box part and has been uniformly arranged three powder Broken axle, is provided with three crushing motors outside peeling collecting box, and the main shaft for crushing motor is coaxially connected with crushing shaft, on crushing shaft It has been uniformly arranged Disintegrating knife.
Described discharge system includes:Discharge rack and discharging band, discharging machine, discharge pedestal, two discharge rollers and two go out Material roller motor, two discharge rollers laterally adjust hydraulic cylinder, and described discharge rack is arranged on peeling collecting box rear, discharge rack top Two ends are respectively arranged with two rotating shafts, and described discharging band is respectively coated by two rotating shafts, and discharge rack one end is provided with Discharging machine, described discharging machine main shaft are coaxially connected with one of rotating shaft, and discharging machine drives discharging band motion;Discharging Frame arranges jagged away from the both sides of discharging machine one end, and discharge pedestal is provided with immediately below gap position, and discharge pedestal is in discharging Frame both sides are symmetrically arranged with discharging slide rail, be respectively arranged with discharge roller and laterally adjust hydraulic cylinder on the outside of two discharging slide rails, institute The discharge roller stated laterally adjusts the piston rod end of hydraulic cylinder and is connected with discharging slide block, and described discharging slide block is slidably mounted on out On material slide rail, discharging slide block top is provided with discharging roller motor, and discharge roller electric machine main shaft straight up, and is coaxially installed with one Discharge roller, discharge roller Motor drive discharge roller rotary motion, discharge roller are located at the discharging band top of discharge rack indentation, there;Discharge roller Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder discharge roller linear motion is laterally adjusted, the direction of motion is mutually perpendicular to discharging tape motion direction.
Described cutting system includes:Cutting collecting box, hang plate and hang plate adjustment hydraulic cylinder, cutting axle and cutting electricity Machine, described cutting collecting box is half-headed cuboid housing structure, and cutting collecting box side bottom is hinged and is provided with one Cutting chamber door, cutting collecting box right upper portion uniformly even have rectangular slits;Described hang plate side is hingedly mounted on cutting Collecting box upper left-hand, opposite side have been uniformly arranged rectangular slits, and correspond with the rectangular slits on the right side of cutting collecting box; The cylinder base of described hang plate adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hingedly mounted on cutting collecting box bottom, and hang plate adjusts the work of hydraulic cylinder Stopper rod end is hingedly mounted on hang plate bottom;Described cutting axle is rotatably installed on the outside of cutting collecting box right part, cutting axle Axis direction with discharging band the direction of motion be mutually perpendicular to, cutting blade has been uniformly arranged on cutting axle, each cutting blade Correspond with the rectangular slits on the right side of cutting collecting box respectively;Described cutting motor is arranged on cutting collecting box right part Side, the main shaft of cutting motor are coaxially connected with cutting axle.
Further, be symmetrically arranged with two laser sensors on two described crossbeams, and be located at respectively guide pad and Between cutting cube;A force transducer is respectively arranged with three described peeling blade installing racks.
Further, arc groove is provided with the periphery of two described feeding rollers and two discharge rollers, it is described The section of arc groove is sector, and fan angle is 150 degree;Pressure is provided with the arc groove of two feeding rollers and two discharge rollers Sensor.
Due to present invention employs above-mentioned technical proposal, with advantages below:1st, the present invention by arrange feed system and Discharge system, and using can lateral adjustments feeding roller and discharge roller by the way of, detect feeding roller and to go out by pressure transducer Contact force between material roller and Caulis Sacchari sinensis carrys out Intelligent adjustment carrying capacity, realizes the purpose of the intelligent conveying of Caulis Sacchari sinensis, and feeding system System is cooperated with discharge system, and after the feeding of not removing the peel Caulis Sacchari sinensis has been better achieved and skin has been removed, Caulis Sacchari sinensis sends;2nd, this It is bright by arrange three peeling blades, and according on the peeling blade installing rack being connected with peeling blade force transducer detect Cutting force between the peeling blade for arriving and Caulis Sacchari sinensis, adjusts hydraulic cylinder three peeling blade diameters of adjustment by peeling blade less The diameter of the cutting circular hole of end composition, adapts to Caulis Sacchari sinensis diameter change along its length, it is achieved thereby that intelligent complete The purpose of whole Caulis Sacchari sinensis of whole cutting;3rd, the present invention flexibly can be adjusted by dismountable cutting blade by arranging cutting system Caulis Sacchari sinensis after the completion of whole peeling carry out the length of cutting;4th, the Cortex Sacchari sinensis removed can also be synchronized grinders by the present invention Make, the Cortex Sacchari sinensis after crushing can be further processed into feedstuff or fertilizer is used, it is achieved thereby that waste utilization rate.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the dimensional structure diagram of another angle of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the dimensional structure diagram of another angle of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the dimensional structure diagram of another angle of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the dimensional structure diagram of another angle of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the assembling dimensional structure diagram after the hiding hang plate of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the dimensional structure diagram of guide pad in the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the part assembling structure schematic diagram of debarking system in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the part assembling structure schematic diagram of debarking system in the present invention.
Drawing reference numeral:1- cradles;2- feeding belts;3- material storage tubes;4- feeding motors;5- feed stations;6- feeding rollers are horizontal Adjustment hydraulic cylinder;7- feeding slide rails;8- feeding rollers;9- removes the peel collecting box;10- removes the peel chamber door;11- crushes motor;12- is oriented to Block;13- cutting cubes;14- peeling blades adjust hydraulic cylinder;15- peeling blades;16- crossbeams;17- discharge pedestals;18- discharge rollers are horizontal To adjustment hydraulic cylinder;19- discharging slide rails;20- discharge rollers;21- discharge racks;22- discharging machines;23- discharging bands;24- cuttings are received Header;25- hang plates;26- cutting chamber doors;27- cutting motors;28- cutting blades;29- crushing shafts;30- laser sensors; 31- feeding slide blocks;32- feeding roller motors;33- discharging slide blocks;34- discharging roller motors;35- cutting axles;36- hang plates adjust liquid Cylinder pressure;37- peeling blade installing racks;38- force transducers.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the invention will be further described, illustrative examples and explanation that here is invented It is for explaining the present invention but not as a limitation of the invention.
Embodiment:As shown in Figures 1 to 6, it is a kind of different angles of intelligent Caulis Sacchari sinensis total system of the present invention 3-D solid structure schematic diagram, the present invention include:Material storage tube 3, feed system and discharge system, debarking system, cutting system System, material storage tube 3 are used for the temporary Caulis Sacchari sinensis for treating deep processing;Feed system is nipped for the Caulis Sacchari sinensis to not removing the peel;Debarking system For carrying out intelligent peeling to Caulis Sacchari sinensis;Discharge system is sent for the Caulis Sacchari sinensis to having removed the peel;Cutting system is for going The Caulis Sacchari sinensis that skin is sent carry out automatization's cutting process.
The longitudinal section of material storage tube 3 is arranged to trapezium structure, and up big and down small, and the bakie of 3 bottom of material storage tube is used under Caulis Sacchari sinensis The passage on feeding belt 2 is dropped down onto, is treated that the Caulis Sacchari sinensis of deep processing are placed in parallel in material storage tube 3, can be passed sequentially through under gravity Drop down onto on feeding belt 2 under the bakie of 3 bottom of material storage tube.Feeding belt 2 is realized to drop down onto under movement under the driving of feeding motor 4 and is sent The purpose of 2 top Caulis Sacchari sinensis of material strip.When Caulis Sacchari sinensis one end is moved at feed station 5, two feeding rollers 8 are in two feeding roller motors 32 Be rotated by, it is possible to Caulis Sacchari sinensis are bitten in the arc groove on two 8 peripheries of feeding roller, due on feeding roller 8 circle The section of arc groove is sector, and fan angle is 150 degree, therefore two feeding rollers 8 are adapted to the Caulis Sacchari sinensis of different-diameter size;Together When two feeding rollers installed in 5 both sides of feed station laterally adjust hydraulic cylinder 6 and can drive two respectively and be slidably mounted on feeding Two feeding slide blocks 31 on slide rail 7 slidably reciprocate, you can feeding roller motor of the adjustment installed in two 31 tops of feeding slide block 32 lateral attitude, so as to distance between two feeding rollers 8 of final adjustment, is that the Caulis Sacchari sinensis for adapting to different-diameter size adjust, Two feeding rollers laterally adjust the concrete adjustment amount of hydraulic cylinder 6 can be according to arranging in two 8 arc grooves of feeding roller Pressure between feeding roller 8 that pressure transducer is detected and Caulis Sacchari sinensis is determined, and pressure value guarantees both to nip Caulis Sacchari sinensis And transmit rearward, it is unlikely to again to bring Caulis Sacchari sinensis damage, it is achieved thereby that the purpose of intelligent transmission Caulis Sacchari sinensis.
When, under feeding of the Caulis Sacchari sinensis in two feeding rollers 8, carrying out peeling work when moving to debarking system, first in cradle 1 end is provided with peeling collecting box 9, for collecting the Cortex Sacchari sinensis for dropping.Caulis Sacchari sinensis are by installed in peeling 9 upper lateral of collecting box Guide pad on beam, guide pad 12 are internally provided with Caulis Sacchari sinensis guide channel, one end rectangular cross-section of Caulis Sacchari sinensis guide channel, the other end Section is circle, and one end of rectangular cross-section passes through curve rounding off in processing between cradle 1, two sections, Caulis Sacchari sinensis under the feeding of two feeding rollers 8 are entered by square-section, are sent by circular cross-section, it is achieved thereby that be oriented to Effect, as shown in Figure 7.The rear portion of guide pad is provided with cutting cube, and cutting cube 13 is internally provided with peeling guide channel, peeling Two end section of guide channel is the different circle of diameter, and the one end being relatively large in diameter is oriented to logical near guide pad 12, i.e. peeling Road is the axle of the axis direction with Caulis Sacchari sinensis guide channel in guide pad 12 of peeling guide channel in truncated conical shape, and cutting cube 13 Line direction overlaps, when sending under guide effect of the Caulis Sacchari sinensis in guide pad 12 by by 13 diameter of section of cutting cube it is less The peeling guide channel of one end enters cutting cube.As shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, the peeling guide channel fit inside peace of cutting cube 13 Equipped with three peeling blades 15,15 liang of end sections of peeling blade are the different sector of diameter, and fan angle is 150 degree, is gone A part for the generally conical shell structure of dermatotome piece 15, and the less one end of three 15 diameters of peeling blade is near guide pad 12, one end that three peeling blades 15 are relatively large in diameter is connected with three peeling blade installing racks 37 respectively, and three peeling knives Piece installing rack 37 is driven by three peeling blade adjustment hydraulic cylinders 14 installed in 13 top of cutting cube, left side and right side respectively and is gone Dermatotome piece 15 is moved in the peeling guide channel of cutting cube 13, as the fan angle of three peeling blades 15 is 150 degree, because This three peeling blades 15 have lap in the peeling guide channel of cutting cube 13, while the diameter of three peeling blades 15 Small end, can constitute complete circular cutting structure, and the diameter of the circle cutting structure can be adjusted with three peeling blades The amount trimmed of whole hydraulic cylinder 14 and change, i.e., when three peeling blades 15 remove the peel the less one end of guide channel diameter in cutting cube When overhang is less, the diameter of the circle cutting structure is just larger;When three peeling blades 15 remove the peel guide channel in cutting cube When the overhang of the less one end of diameter is larger, the diameter of the circle cutting structure is just less;Such that it is able to adapt to Caulis Sacchari sinensis along length The diameter change in direction, realizes the purpose that whole Caulis Sacchari sinensis are completely cut in intellectuality.Simultaneously because the top and a left side of cutting cube 13 Right two sides are inclined-plane, and described inclined-plane is parallel to each other with one of tangent plane of peeling guide channel, therefore is gone The piston rod telescopic direction of dermatotome piece adjustment hydraulic cylinder 14 can be parallel to each other with one of tangent plane of peeling guide channel, Peeling blade 15 is finally made to keep fitting all the time with peeling guide channel, and the concrete tune of three peeling blade adjustment hydraulic cylinders 14 The peeling blade 15 that whole amount can be detected according to the force transducer 38 on three peeling blade installing racks 37 cuts sweet The power of sugarcane skin is determined, and when power is less than setting value, illustrate that the cutting of peeling blade 15 Cortex Sacchari sinensis are relatively thin or even without cutting, remove the peel Blade adjustment hydraulic cylinder 14 can adjust the overhang that peeling blade 15 removes the peel the less one end of guide channel diameter in cutting cube 13 Become big, so that the diameter of circular cutting structure diminishes;When power is more than setting value, the cutting Caulis Sacchari sinensis skin depth of peeling blade 15 is illustrated Degree is larger, and it is less by one in the peeling guide channel diameter of cutting cube 13 that peeling blade adjustment hydraulic cylinder 14 can adjust peeling blade 15 The overhang at end diminishes, so that the diameter of circular cutting structure becomes big.It is arranged between guide pad 12 and cutting cube 13 simultaneously Two laser sensors 30 are used to detect whether Caulis Sacchari sinensis reach, used as the enabling signal of three peeling blades adjustment hydraulic cylinders 14. The Cortex Sacchari sinensis for machining away just from the peeling collecting box 9 that lower section is fallen between guide pad 12 and cutting cube, and while by being arranged on Three crushing shafts 29 of 9 bottom of peeling collecting box are crushed.
Discharge system is similar with the structure of feed system, and is arranged symmetrically in 9 rear of peeling collecting box, sweet after peeling Sugarcane from cutting cube 13 peeling guide channel send after, just further in the presence of two discharge rollers 20 in discharge system backward Send, finally in the case where discharging is with 23 motion, the Caulis Sacchari sinensis after peeling are fallen on the hang plate 25 at 21 rear of discharge rack, hang plate 25, in the presence of hang plate adjustment hydraulic cylinder 36, are adjusted to 15 degree with the initial inclination angle of horizontal plane, due to action of gravity, The hang plate that Caulis Sacchari sinensis after peeling just tumble has one end of rectangular slits, now initially inclining due to hang plate 25 and horizontal plane Rake angle is adjusted to 15 degree, and the Caulis Sacchari sinensis after peeling do not fall out under the stop of hang plate 25 and cutting collecting box 24 to cutting and receive In header 24;After cutting motor 27 drives 35 rotation of cutting axle to complete cutting action, hang plate 25 further adjusts hang plate Between 25 and horizontal plane, angle of inclination is 45 degree, and now the billets of cane after cutting just can be dropped down onto down in cutting collecting box 24.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of intelligent Caulis Sacchari sinensis total system, including:Material storage tube(3), feed system and discharge system, debarking system, Cutting system, it is characterised in that:Described feed system includes cradle(1)And feeding belt(2), feeding motor(4), feed station (5), two feeding rollers(8)With two feeding roller motors(32), two feeding rollers laterally adjust hydraulic cylinder(6), described feeding Frame(1)Both upper ends thereof is respectively arranged with two rotating shafts, described feeding belt(2)It is respectively coated by two rotating shafts, feeding Frame(1)One end is provided with feeding motor(4), described feeding motor(4)Main shaft is coaxially connected with one of rotating shaft, feeding electricity Machine(4)Drive feeding belt(2)Motion;Described material storage tube(3)Longitudinal section is trapezium structure, and is arranged on cradle(1)On, position In feeding belt(2)Top, material storage tube(3)Bottom is provided with bakie, and Caulis Sacchari sinensis are by dropping down onto feeding belt under bakie(2)On;Cradle (1)Away from feeding motor(4)The both sides of one end arrange jagged, and feed station is provided with immediately below gap position(5), feed station (5)In cradle(1)Both sides are symmetrically arranged with feeding slide rail(7), two feeding slide rails(7)Outside be respectively arranged with feeding roller Laterally adjust hydraulic cylinder(6), described feeding roller laterally adjusts hydraulic cylinder(6)Piston rod end be connected with feeding slide block (31), described feeding slide block(31)It is slidably mounted on feeding slide rail(7)On, feeding slide block(31)Top is provided with feeding roller electricity Machine(32), feeding roller motor(32)Main shaft straight up, and is coaxially installed with a feeding roller(8), feeding roller motor(32)Drive Dynamic feeding roller(8)Rotary motion, feeding roller(8)Positioned at cradle(1)The feeding belt of indentation, there(2)Top;Feeding roller is laterally adjusted Whole hydraulic cylinder(6)Drive feeding roller(8)Linear motion, the direction of motion and feeding belt(2)The direction of motion is mutually perpendicular to;
Described debarking system includes:Peeling collecting box(9), guide pad(12)And cutting cube(13), three peeling blades(15) With three peeling blade installing racks(37), three peeling blade adjustment hydraulic cylinders(14), three crushing motors(11)With three powder Broken axle(29), described peeling collecting box(9)For half-headed cuboid housing structure, collecting box is removed the peel(9)Side bottom is cut with scissors Connect and a peeling chamber door is installed(10);Peeling collecting box(9)Top center position be symmetrically arranged with two crossbeams(16), go Leather trunk(9)Positioned at cradle(1)End, described guide pad(12)Installed in removing leather trunk(9)The crossbeam at top(16)On, and lean on Nearly cradle(1)One end, guide pad(12)Caulis Sacchari sinensis guide channel is internally provided with, described one end section of Caulis Sacchari sinensis guide channel is Rectangle, another end section are circle, and one end of rectangular cross-section is near cradle(1);Described cutting cube(13)Installed in going Skin collecting box(9)Crossbeam(16)On, and it is located at guide pad(12)Rear, cutting cube(13)It is internally provided with peeling and is oriented to and leads to Road, described two end section of peeling guide channel is the different circle of diameter, and the one end being relatively large in diameter is near guide pad (12), that is, remove the peel guide channel generally frustum cone structure, and cutting cube(13)The axis direction and guiding of middle peeling guide channel Block(12)The axis direction of middle Caulis Sacchari sinensis guide channel overlaps;Cutting cube(13)Top and left and right sides be inclined-plane, Described inclined-plane is parallel to each other with one of tangent plane of peeling guide channel, cutting cube(13)Top and left and right two Side is respectively arranged with a peeling blade adjustment hydraulic cylinder(14);Described peeling blade(15)Two end sections be diameter not Same sector, fan angle are 150 degree, peeling blade(15)A generally part for conical shell structure, and and cutting cube (13)Internal peeling guide channel cooperates, peeling blade(15)The less one end of diameter is near guide pad(12), peeling Blade(15)The end for being relatively large in diameter one end is provided with a peeling blade installing rack(37), described peeling blade installing rack (37)Hydraulic cylinder is adjusted with peeling blade(14)Piston rod end be connected, peeling blade adjustment hydraulic cylinder(14)Drive peeling Blade(15)In cutting cube(13)Peeling guide channel in move, peeling blade adjustment hydraulic cylinder(14)The flexible side of piston rod It is parallel to each other to the one of tangent plane with peeling guide channel, peeling blade(15)All the time paste with peeling guide channel Close, so as to adjust three peeling blades(15)Diameter small end is in cutting cube(13)The outreach of middle peeling guide channel;Go Skin collecting box(9)Bottom has been uniformly arranged three crushing shafts(29), remove the peel collecting box(9)Outside is provided with three crushing motors (11), crush motor(11)Main shaft and crushing shaft(29)It is coaxially connected, crushing shaft(29)On be uniformly arranged Disintegrating knife;
Described discharge system includes:Discharge rack(21)With discharging band(23), discharging machine(22), discharge pedestal(17), two go out Material roller(20)With two discharging roller motors(34), two discharge rollers laterally adjust hydraulic cylinder(18), described discharge rack(21)Peace It is mounted in peeling collecting box(9)Rear, discharge rack(21)Both upper ends thereof is respectively arranged with two rotating shafts, described discharging band(23)Point Bao Fu not be arranged in two rotating shafts, discharge rack(21)One end is provided with discharging machine(22), described discharging machine(22)It is main Axle is coaxially connected with one of rotating shaft, discharging machine(22)Drive discharging band(23)Motion;Discharge rack(21)Away from discharging electricity Machine(22)The both sides of one end arrange jagged, and discharge pedestal is provided with immediately below gap position(17), discharge pedestal(17)In discharging Frame(21)Both sides are symmetrically arranged with discharging slide rail(19), two discharging slide rails(19)Outside be respectively arranged with discharge roller and laterally adjust Whole hydraulic cylinder(18), described discharge roller laterally adjusts hydraulic cylinder(18)Piston rod end be connected with discharging slide block(33), institute The discharging slide block stated(33)It is slidably mounted on discharging slide rail(19)On, discharge slide block(33)Top is provided with discharging roller motor (34), discharge roller motor(34)Main shaft straight up, and is coaxially installed with a discharge roller(20), discharge roller motor(34)Drive Discharge roller(20)Rotary motion, discharge roller(20)Positioned at discharge rack(21)The discharging band of indentation, there(23)Top;Discharge roller is horizontal Adjustment hydraulic cylinder(18)Drive discharge roller(20)Linear motion, the direction of motion and discharging band(23)The direction of motion is mutually perpendicular to;
Described cutting system includes:Cutting collecting box(24), hang plate(25)Hydraulic cylinder is adjusted with hang plate(36), cutting axle (35)With cutting motor(27), described cutting collecting box(24)For half-headed cuboid housing structure, cutting collecting box (24)Side bottom is hinged and is provided with a cutting chamber door(26), cutting collecting box(24)Right upper portion uniformly even has rectangle to cut Mouthful;Described hang plate(25)Side is hingedly mounted on cutting collecting box(24)Upper left-hand, opposite side have been uniformly arranged rectangle Otch, and with cutting collecting box(24)The rectangular slits on right side are corresponded;Described hang plate adjustment hydraulic cylinder(36)Cylinder Body bottom is hingedly mounted on cutting collecting box(24)Bottom, hang plate adjustment hydraulic cylinder(36)Piston rod end be hingedly mounted on Hang plate(25)Bottom;Described cutting axle(35)It is rotatably installed in cutting collecting box(24)On the outside of right part, cutting axle(35)'s Axis direction and discharging band(23)The direction of motion be mutually perpendicular to, cutting axle(35)It is upper that cutting blade is detachably installed uniformly (28), each cutting blade(28)Respectively with cutting collecting box(24)The rectangular slits on right side are corresponded;Described cutting electricity Machine(27)Installed in cutting collecting box(24)On the upside of right part, cutting motor(27)Main shaft and cutting axle(35)It is coaxial to be connected.
2. a kind of intelligent Caulis Sacchari sinensis total system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Two described crossbeams (16)On be symmetrically arranged with two laser sensors(30), and guide pad is located at respectively(12)And cutting cube(13)Between;It is described Three peeling blade installing racks(37)On be respectively arranged with a force transducer(38).
3. a kind of intelligent Caulis Sacchari sinensis total system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Two described feeding rollers (8)With two discharge rollers(20)Periphery on be provided with arc groove, the section of described arc groove is sector, fan angle For 150 degree;Pressure transducer is provided with the arc groove of two feeding rollers and two discharge rollers.
CN201710014230.7A 2017-01-10 2017-01-10 A kind of intelligence sugarcane total system CN106671166B (en)

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CN107772500A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-09 浙江工业大学奉化智慧经济研究院 A kind of device for peeling of full-automatic sugarcane feeding skinning machine
CN107984516A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-04 慈溪万斯特自动化设备有限公司 Full-automatic sugarcane cutting machine
CN108157987A (en) * 2018-02-02 2018-06-15 荆门宁杰机电技术服务有限公司 A kind of food processing sugarcane apparatus for peeling off
CN108272094A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-07-13 浙江工业大学之江学院 A kind of automation sugarcane processing machine
CN108477964A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-09-04 中山诺顿科研技术服务有限公司 A kind of sugarcane skin cuts off device
CN108634335A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-10-12 贵州大学 It is a kind of to facilitate the sugarcane automatic peeling machine for collecting scurf
CN108783484A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-11-13 长沙集智创新工业设计有限公司 A kind of portable hand-held sugarcane peeling device
CN108991546A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-12-14 杭州湘甬机械设备有限公司 A kind of sugarcane peeling cuts section all-in-one machine
CN109093671A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-12-28 徐丽亚 Food lotus rhizome based on pneumatic principle cuts off processing unit (plant) of peeling
CN109807972A (en) * 2019-02-15 2019-05-28 徐州盛斗士生物科技有限公司 A kind of sugarcane removes section cutting all-in-one machine
CN109822637A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-05-31 南宁学院 The anti-broken bud sugarcane kind cutter device of one kind

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CN107772500A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-09 浙江工业大学奉化智慧经济研究院 A kind of device for peeling of full-automatic sugarcane feeding skinning machine
CN107984516A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-04 慈溪万斯特自动化设备有限公司 Full-automatic sugarcane cutting machine
CN108272094A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-07-13 浙江工业大学之江学院 A kind of automation sugarcane processing machine
CN108157987A (en) * 2018-02-02 2018-06-15 荆门宁杰机电技术服务有限公司 A kind of food processing sugarcane apparatus for peeling off
CN108477964A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-09-04 中山诺顿科研技术服务有限公司 A kind of sugarcane skin cuts off device
CN108783484A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-11-13 长沙集智创新工业设计有限公司 A kind of portable hand-held sugarcane peeling device
CN108634335A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-10-12 贵州大学 It is a kind of to facilitate the sugarcane automatic peeling machine for collecting scurf
CN109093671B (en) * 2018-07-16 2020-12-04 浙江荣信生物科技有限公司 Food lotus root cutting and peeling processing device based on pneumatic principle
CN109093671A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-12-28 徐丽亚 Food lotus rhizome based on pneumatic principle cuts off processing unit (plant) of peeling
CN108991546B (en) * 2018-08-09 2020-10-13 新昌县大菠萝农业发展有限公司 Sugarcane peeling and cutting all-in-one machine
CN108991546A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-12-14 杭州湘甬机械设备有限公司 A kind of sugarcane peeling cuts section all-in-one machine
CN109807972A (en) * 2019-02-15 2019-05-28 徐州盛斗士生物科技有限公司 A kind of sugarcane removes section cutting all-in-one machine
CN109822637A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-05-31 南宁学院 The anti-broken bud sugarcane kind cutter device of one kind

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