CN109832633A - A kind of pomegranate thresing machine - Google Patents

A kind of pomegranate thresing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109832633A
CN109832633A CN201711199732.8A CN201711199732A CN109832633A CN 109832633 A CN109832633 A CN 109832633A CN 201711199732 A CN201711199732 A CN 201711199732A CN 109832633 A CN109832633 A CN 109832633A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pomegranate
seed
motor
crushing
shell
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711199732.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张佳
潘江如
黄勇
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Xinjiang Institute of Engineering
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Xinjiang Institute of Engineering
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Xinjiang Institute of Engineering filed Critical Xinjiang Institute of Engineering
Priority to CN201711199732.8A priority Critical patent/CN109832633A/en
Publication of CN109832633A publication Critical patent/CN109832633A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of pomegranate thresing machine, including precrushing device, crushing device, seed peel separator and lifting device, and the crushing device is connect with the precrushing device being positioned above, and the crushing device is connect with underlying seed peel separator;The lifting device is set in seed peel separator.The present invention is by precrushing device to the preliminary break process of pomegranate, it is further crushed by crushing device again, granatum and pomegranate grain are further decomposed using seed peel separator, granatum and pomegranate fruit grain are separated, and fruit grain is selected by seed peel separator brush and collection seed case is transported to by lifting device, pomegranate fruit grain is obtained using mechanical mechanism, structure is simple, the structure of fruit grain will not be destroyed, convenient and efficient completion pomegranate threshing work, it is high-efficient, pomegranate fruit grain is direct-edible can also to be further processed into pomegranate seed and pomegranate seed powder.

Description

A kind of pomegranate thresing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, in particular to a kind of pomegranate thresing machine.
Background technique
Pomegranate is a kind of very popular fruit.The fruit of " tree of wisdom " mentioned in the Genesis history of the Holy Bible It is probably and refers to a coccolith pomegranate.As the plant for having more than growth history in 2000, pomegranate is rich in vitamin and micro member Element.In addition, its skin and seed are widely used in Chinese traditional medicine.The inside of pomegranate fruit is by many similar pulp Tissue is divided into many pink cells, contains a small seed grain in each cell.Pomegranate seeds are acquiring, and drying simultaneously adds It can make after work medicinal.The medical value of pomegranate seed is high, has anti-oxidant, the metabolism of melanin in acceleration bodies, inhibits melanin raw At lightening the stain, help many effects such as skin whitening.
But pomegranate fruit grain is fond of eating, peeling is but not easy, easy damaged nail during stripping, meanwhile, it is easily concealed in nail Fruit residue breeds bacterium;Shell bad, pomegranate seed is slipped everywhere, not only influences edible, and fruit juice is made to splash dip dyeing skin, stone Pomegranate juice, which splashes, to be difficult to clean in textile garment.In addition, pomegranate seed has very high medical value and nutritive value, it usually needs It takes out a large amount of pomegranate seed to use as medicinal material, but takes seed difficulty big, can only manually be peeled off pomegranate with hand at present, by pomegranate The pulp of fruit grain removes, large labor intensity, low efficiency.
Current existing arcuate cutting blade is the elongate knives that the section with handle is arc, and when major function removes apple Fruit, pear and other fruits skin and kernel when being used for it to shell pomegranate, can destroy the seed in pomegranate.
Summary of the invention
For the present invention in order to solve the problems, such as that existing pomegranate is obtaining existing for pomegranate seed, the present invention proposes that one kind automatically will The pomegranate thresing machine of granatum and the separation of pomegranate fruit grain.
The technical scheme of the present invention is realized as follows: a kind of pomegranate thresing machine, including precrushing device, crushing device, Seed peel separator and lifting device, the crushing device are connect with the precrushing device being positioned above, the crushing device It is connect with underlying seed peel separator;The lifting device is set in seed peel separator;
The precrushing device includes shell I, and I inner wall of shell, which circumferentially waits to divide, is arranged several copying tools, described I center of inside lower end of shell is provided with a broken brill;
The crushing device includes shell II, and II inner wall of shell is provided with spiral shape rib II, in the shell II Centre is vertically arranged with breaker roll;
The seed peel separator includes the rotating cylinder for communicating and being obliquely installed with crushing device, slides plate, seed peel point From chamber, the landing plate is located at rotating cylinder outlet lower section, and is located in seed peel disengagement chamber;It also hangs down in the seed peel disengagement chamber One partition of straight setting, and partition and seed peel disengagement chamber bottom are equipped with opening.
Preferably, the breaker roll includes roller, in roller spiral shape rib I provided circumferentially about, in the roller One end be provided with the roller connecting shaft connecting with motor I.
Preferably, the rib II being arranged on the inside of roller spiral shape rib provided circumferentially about I and crushing device shell II Between the upper and lower every setting.
Preferably, the copying tool includes motor III, blade, spring and cutter connecting shaft, the motor III and blade It is connected, and is connected between motor III and cutter connecting shaft by spring.
Preferably, the seed peel separator further includes motor II and transmission device, and the motor II passes through transmission device It is connect with rotating cylinder.
Preferably, the rotating cylinder includes roller plate, and circumference equal dividing is provided with raised line on the roller plate inner wall.
Preferably, further include for drive it is broken bore and the motor I of breaker roll rotation, the motor I respectively with broken brill It is connected with breaker roll.
It preferably, further include the power supply and switch to work for driving motor I, motor II and motor III, the power supply is logical Switch is crossed to be electrically connected with motor I, motor II and motor III.
It preferably, further include accommodating box for holding pomegranate, the accommodating box is set to the top of precrushing device.
Preferably, further include collection seed case for holding pomegranate seed, the collection seed case is located at the side of lifting device, and mentions The outlet for rising device is located at the top of collection seed case.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: the present invention passes through precrushing device to the preliminary break process of pomegranate, then by crushing device It is further crushed, granatum and pomegranate grain is further decomposed using seed peel separator, by granatum and stone Pomegranate fruit grain separates, and selects fruit grain by seed peel separator brush and be transported to collection seed case by lifting device, Pomegranate fruit grain is obtained using mechanical mechanism, structure is simple, will not destroy the structure of fruit grain, convenient and efficient completion pomegranate threshing Work, high-efficient, pomegranate fruit grain is direct-edible can also to be further processed into pomegranate seed and pomegranate seed powder.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the crushing device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the copying tool in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the rotating cylinder in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is that the structural schematic diagram bored is crushed in Fig. 1.
In figure: 1. accommodating box, 2. copying tools, 3. broken brills, 4. breaker rolls, 5. crushing devices, 6. precrushing devices, 7. Power switch, 8. power supplys, 9. lifting devices, 10. collection seed casees, 11. rotating cylinders, 12. seed peel disengagement chambers, 13. partitions, 14. is sliding Fall plate, 15. motors I, 16. motors II, 17. transmission devices, 111 roller plates, 112. raised lines, 201. cutter connecting shafts, 202. bullets Spring, 203. blades, 204. motors III, 401. rollers, 402. ribs I, 403. roller connecting shafts, 501. shells II, 502. ribs II, the outlet of 503. crusher chambers.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment provided by the invention is described in further detail in conjunction with attached drawing:
It as shown in Figs. 1-5, is the pomegranate thresing machine structural schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, the pomegranate of the present embodiment is de- Grain machine includes precrushing device 6, crushing device 5, seed peel separator and lifting device 9, crushing device 5 be positioned above Precrushing device 6 connects, and the crushing device 5 is connect with underlying seed peel separator.The lifting device 9 is set to In seed peel separator.Pomegranate passes through the preliminary break process of precrushing device 6, then is further crushed by crushing device 5, Pomegranate is decomposed into frustillatum, some of them fruit grain has been separated, using seed peel separator to the pomegranate of fritter It is further decomposed, skin and fruit grain is separated, and brushed and select fruit grain and collection seed is transported to by lifting device 9 Case 10.
In attached drawing 1, precrushing device 6 includes shell I, and shell I is cylindrical in shape or funnel-form, is welded and is made with sheet metal bending At I inner wall of shell, which circumferentially waits to divide, is arranged several copying tools 2, and further, setting 4 is best copying tool 2, described I center of inside lower end of shell is provided with a broken brill 3;It can be to pomegranate by the broken rotation for boring 3 and the rotation of copying tool 2 Carry out precrushing processing.
In attached drawing 2, crushing device 5 includes tubular shell II 501, is hollow structure, is made of stainless steel material, institute It states II 501 inner wall of shell and is provided with spiral shape muscle rib II 502, it is preferable that II 502 spiral of rib is mounted in shell II 501 Side, rib II 502 can be bar bending and form, and center upright is provided with a breaker roll 4 in 5 shell II 501 of crushing device.
Further, the breaker roll 4 includes roller 401,401 showing ellipsoidal structure of roller, on 401 circumference of roller Spiral shape rib I 402 is set, the roller connecting shaft 403 connecting with motor I 15 is provided in one end of the roller 401.
Further, the internal cavities that the shell II 501 of crushing device is cooperatively formed with breaker roll 4 are from top to bottom in by becoming greatly Spiral shell small to become larger again, that II 501 inside of shell of the roller 401 spiral shape rib I 402 provided circumferentially about and crushing device is arranged Shape rib II 502 is revolved in interval setting up and down.
In attached drawing 1, the seed peel separator includes the rotating cylinder 11 for communicating and being obliquely installed with crushing device 5, slides Plate 14 and seed peel disengagement chamber 12 are fallen, rotating cylinder 11 is mounted in the rack of seed peel separator by bearing, rotating cylinder 11 Effect be the granatum that will be crushed and pomegranate grain by rolling, further allow granatum and pomegranate grain disengage, the landing Plate 14 is located at the outlet of rotating cylinder 11 lower section, and is located in seed peel disengagement chamber 12;Stone for separating rotating cylinder 11 Pomegranate skin and fruit grain slide to seed peel disengagement chamber, and a vertical clapboard 13, and partition 13 are also vertically arranged in seed peel disengagement chamber 12 Opening is equipped with 12 bottom of seed peel disengagement chamber.As shown in Figure 1, water is added in seed peel disengagement chamber 12, granatum and pomegranate grain warp It crosses landing plate 14 to slide to seed peel disengagement chamber 12, since the density of granatum is less than the density of water, is floated to the water surface, pomegranate grain Density is greater than the density of water, sinks under water, the effect of vertical clapboard 13 is to block the granatum swum on the water surface, otherwise can It is floated on lifting device 9.
As shown in Fig. 3, the copying tool includes motor III 204, blade 203, spring 202 and cutter connecting shaft 201, The motor III 204 is connected with blade 203, and is connected between motor III 204 and cutter connecting shaft 201 by spring 202.
Preferably, the seed peel separator further includes motor II 16 and transmission device 17, and motor II 16 is mounted on seed peel In the rack of separator, motor II 16 is connect by transmission device 17 with rotating cylinder 11, and driving rotating cylinder 11 rotates, and is passed Dynamic device 17 can be one kind of V belt translation mode or chain conveyer mode.
Preferably, the rotating cylinder 11 includes roller plate 111, and roller plate 111 is cylindrical shape made of stainless steel material Structure, circumference equal dividing is provided with raised line 112 on 111 inner wall of roller plate, and further, the quantity of raised line 112 is 4-8 and is Preferably.
It preferably, further include for driving the broken motor I 15 for boring 3 and the rotation of breaker roll 4, motor I 15 can be lose-lose Output shaft electric machine, motor I 15 are connect with broken brill 3 and breaker roll 4 respectively.
It preferably, further include the power supply and switch to work for driving motor I 15, motor II 16 and motor III 204, it is described Power supply is electrically connected by switch with motor I 15, motor II 16 and motor III 204.
Preferably, further include accommodating box 1 for holding pomegranate, the structure funnel-shaped of accommodating box 1, inside can hold 10 The pomegranate of left and right, accommodating box 1 are set to the top of precrushing device 6.
It preferably, further include collection seed case 10 for holding pomegranate seed, the collection seed case 10 is located at the one of lifting device 9 Side, and the outlet of lifting device 9 is located at the top of collection seed case 10.
Preferably, lifting device 9 is the conveying device for conveying material, can be helix transporting device or synchronous belt conveying One kind of device, lifting device 9 are the prior art.
The course of work of the invention is as follows: some pomegranates is put into accommodating box, are turned on the power switch, the pomegranate in accommodating box Self weight is fallen in precrushing device 6, since the outlet size of accommodating box can only then fall every time next stone by a pomegranate Pomegranate.
The pomegranate fallen is cut in the rotation of copying tool 2 in precrushing device 6, meanwhile, pomegranate is by lower end It is broken to bore support, it is crushed and bores rotation cutting is in several valves jointly with copying tool 2, it, can be with since copying tool is imitated structure Minimum hurts pomegranate fruit grain.
Several pomegranate valves, which fall, enters crushing device 5, and the breaker roll 4 in crushing device 5 rotates, and blocky pomegranate is by broken The extruding of the shell II 502 of roller 4 and crushing device, granatum and pomegranate seed is separated, the spiral shape rib on breaker roll 4 The I 402 spiral shape ribs II 502 being arranged with the inside of crushing device shell II 502 are arranged in interval up and down, can allow granatum with Pomegranate fruit grain separating effect is more preferable, and does not damage to pomegranate fruit.
The broken granatum completed and pomegranate fruit grain are slid by the outlet of 5 lower end of crushing device to seed peel separator Rotating cylinder 11 in, raised line 112 is set, and rotates with certain speed, by part unfinished separation pomegranate in rotating cylinder 11 Further separation, rotating cylinder 11 are obliquely installed for skin and pomegranate grain, the granatum and pomegranate fruit grain slide-through mistake that separation is completed It slides plate 14 and is transported to seed peel disengagement chamber 12, have the water of certain depth in seed peel disengagement chamber 12, be floated to the water surface, sink under water, Vertical clapboard 13 separates the granatum swum on the water surface, and pomegranate fruit grain falls in the lower end of lifting device 9, lifting device 9 Pomegranate fruit grain is delivered to collection seed case 10, completes pomegranate threshing work by operating.
In this description, the present invention is described with reference to its specific embodiment.But it is clear that can still make Various modifications and alterations are without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.Therefore, the description and the appended drawings should be considered as illustrative And not restrictive.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of pomegranate thresing machine, it is characterised in that: including precrushing device, crushing device, seed peel separator and promote dress It sets, the crushing device is connect with the precrushing device being positioned above, and the crushing device is separated with underlying seed peel Device connection;The lifting device is set in seed peel separator;
The precrushing device includes shell I, and I inner wall of shell, which circumferentially waits to divide, is arranged several copying tools, the shell I Center of inside lower end is provided with a broken brill;
The crushing device includes shell II, and II inner wall of shell is provided with spiral shape rib II, and II center of shell is perpendicular Directly it is provided with a breaker roll;
The seed peel separator includes the rotating cylinder for communicating and being obliquely installed with crushing device, slides plate, seed peel disengagement chamber, The landing plate is located at rotating cylinder outlet lower section, and is located in seed peel disengagement chamber;It is also vertically set in the seed peel disengagement chamber A partition is set, and partition and seed peel disengagement chamber bottom are equipped with opening.
2. pomegranate thresing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the breaker roll includes roller, in the roller Spiral shape rib I provided circumferentially about is provided with the roller connecting shaft connecting with motor I in one end of the roller.
3. pomegranate thresing machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the roller spiral shape rib I provided circumferentially about With the spiral shape rib II that is arranged on the inside of crushing device shell II between the upper and lower every setting.
4. pomegranate thresing machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the copying tool includes motor III, blade, bullet Spring and cutter connecting shaft, the motor III is connected with blade, and is connected between motor III and cutter connecting shaft by spring.
5. pomegranate thresing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the seed peel separator further includes II He of motor Transmission device, the motor II are connect by transmission device with rotating cylinder.
6. pomegranate thresing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the rotating cylinder includes roller plate, the rolling Circumference equal dividing is provided with raised line on cylinder plate inner wall.
7. pomegranate thresing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: further include for driving broken bore and breaker roll rotation The motor I turned, the motor I are connect with broken brill and breaker roll respectively.
8. pomegranate thresing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: further include for driving motor I, motor II and electricity The power supply and switch that machine III works, the power supply are electrically connected by switch with motor I, motor II and motor III.
9. pomegranate thresing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: further include the accommodating box for holding pomegranate, institute State the top that accommodating box is set to precrushing device.
10. pomegranate thresing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: it further include the collection seed case for holding pomegranate seed, The collection seed case is located at the side of lifting device, and the outlet of lifting device is located at the top of collection seed case.
CN201711199732.8A 2017-11-26 2017-11-26 A kind of pomegranate thresing machine Pending CN109832633A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711199732.8A CN109832633A (en) 2017-11-26 2017-11-26 A kind of pomegranate thresing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711199732.8A CN109832633A (en) 2017-11-26 2017-11-26 A kind of pomegranate thresing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109832633A true CN109832633A (en) 2019-06-04

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CN201711199732.8A Pending CN109832633A (en) 2017-11-26 2017-11-26 A kind of pomegranate thresing machine

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110338626A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-10-18 六安市我罗生工业设计有限公司 A kind of pomegranate stripping grain draining device
CN111543653A (en) * 2020-05-21 2020-08-18 国投中鲁果汁股份有限公司 Fresh pomegranate juice processing combined peeling equipment
CN112056574A (en) * 2020-09-17 2020-12-11 萧县徐老三食品有限公司 Automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110338626A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-10-18 六安市我罗生工业设计有限公司 A kind of pomegranate stripping grain draining device
CN111543653A (en) * 2020-05-21 2020-08-18 国投中鲁果汁股份有限公司 Fresh pomegranate juice processing combined peeling equipment
CN111543653B (en) * 2020-05-21 2021-10-19 国投中鲁果汁股份有限公司 Fresh pomegranate juice processing combined peeling equipment
CN112056574A (en) * 2020-09-17 2020-12-11 萧县徐老三食品有限公司 Automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate
CN112056574B (en) * 2020-09-17 2021-08-31 萧县众科电磁检测有限公司 Automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate

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