CN105360036B - A kind of Plagiognathops microlepis set supports the cultural method of spiral shell - Google Patents

A kind of Plagiognathops microlepis set supports the cultural method of spiral shell Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105360036B
CN105360036B CN201510950997.1A CN201510950997A CN105360036B CN 105360036 B CN105360036 B CN 105360036B CN 201510950997 A CN201510950997 A CN 201510950997A CN 105360036 B CN105360036 B CN 105360036B
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plagiognathops microlepis
spiral shell
cultivation
water
plagiognathops
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CN105360036A (en
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梁尤平
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Li Qingdi
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CHONGQING XIONGCHUANG CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A kind of Plagiognathops microlepis set supports the cultural method of spiral shell, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps, including(1)Fishpond is sterilized:(2)Level in fishpond(3)Plagiognathops microlepis, spiral shell are put in a suitable place to breed(4)Feedstuff feeding:(5)Water quality adjustment.The present invention covers foster spiral shell state efficient health cultural method for Plagiognathops microlepis and cultivated, and it is also easy that spiral shell is salvaged, and improves fishpond waterbody usage factor, control cultivation risk, raising pond culture comparative effectiveness.

Description

A kind of Plagiognathops microlepis set supports the cultural method of spiral shell
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture method, the cultural method for supporting spiral shell is covered more particularly, to a kind of Plagiognathops microlepis.
Background technology
At present, Plagiognathops microlepis can live in varying environments such as rivers, lake and reservoirs.With attached algae and aquatic height It is food Deng canebreak.General 2 years fishes are up to sexal maturity, and reproductive capacity is strong, spawning in 4~June, and cluster traces back river to the gravel that The turbulent river crashes its way through Rock patch is laid eggs.Ovum viscosity.Individual is maximum in silver xenocypris class, up to 6 jin.Growth is very fast, can grow to 1 jin, a traditional unit of weight or so within 2 years.Turn into one Individual new cultivation object.
Plagiognathops microlepis also known as husky Buddhist nun, tricky, the yellow sole of yellow tail etc., are a kind of Important Economic fish of China.It is silver xenocypris Belong to one kind of fish, be distributed mainly on the Yangtze river basin.Silver xenocypris class is middle-size and small-size fish.These fish diseases evil is few, and meat flavour is delicious, economic valency Value is high, and food chain is shorter, than more rich, the raw algae in most of unavailable bottoms of economic fish, corruption in water body of mainly ingesting Bits, and other main cultured fishes do not have food contradiction, therefore the natural bait of water body can be made full use of by increasing stocking rate Expect and obtain at a relatively high colony's output, so as to increase economic efficiency.
Spiral shell head capsule mouthful oval, edge is complete.Operculum cutin, yellowish-brown, oval smoothly, above there is concentric annular arrays Growth line.Body is soft, head cylinder, and there is prominent tone front end;Mouth base portion has outside 1 pair of feeler, every 1 feeler base portion Side, each bossed eye 1.Foot is located at lower head, and shape is big, and plantar face is broad.In head and foot energy retraction shell, after retraction, its operculum Spiral case is closed.Move in stream, lake, pond and paddy field;Inhabit the more bottom of humus more.With algae and its The epidermis of his plant is food.National the greater part is distributed.
Spiral shell is sweet, trembles with fear.Heat-clearing, Li Shui, improving eyesight.Jaundice is controlled, oedema, stranguria with turbid discharge is quenched one's thirst, dysentery, cataract, hemorrhoid, Pyogenic infections.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of ecological efficient, health, the Plagiognathops microlepis for making full use of fish pond space Set supports spiral shell ecological cultivation method.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:A kind of Plagiognathops microlepis set supports the cultivation side of spiral shell Method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps,
(1)Fishpond is sterilized:Fish pond is allowed to dry water, goes to cut weeds, and uniformly spills into quick lime and carries out disinfection and the 3-4d that is exposed to the sun,
(2)Level in fishpond:Fish pond center between the side of a pond of fish pond be spaced 1.8-2.2 rice at deep-cut 2-2.5 meters Cultivation hole, with deep-cut soil compaction cultivation hole around, and cultivation pit edge and the fish pond side of a pond between 0.5-0.6 The cultivation platform of 0.6-0.7 meters of depth is dug at rice downwards, the inner rim in cultivation hole lays spud pile, the retainer plate on spud pile Net, separation net is set between spud pile and cultivation platform, in cultivation hole inner bottom part accumulation organic manure, the thickness of organic manure At 30-60 centimetres, in cultivation hole inner bottom part plantation waterweed, Roche hydrilla verticillata, magnificent marsh weed grass is planted simultaneously in cultivation platform And freshwater mussel shell is placed, the tiling of freshwater mussel shell is placed and places 2 layers, sets oxygen increasing equipment in hoop net, water filling culture pasture and water,
(3)Plagiognathops microlepis, spiral shell are put in a suitable place to breed:Select energy strong, disease-free thin for 2-3cm/ tails without wound, specification The oblique jaw silver xenocypris fingerling of squama, is put into purse seine, and density is 3500-4000 tails/hm2, and selection energy is strong, disease-free without shell wound, specification It is put into for 1.5-2cm spiral shell on cultivation platform, density is 250-300 jin, a traditional unit of weight/hm2,
(4)Feedstuff feeding:Plagiognathops microlepis fingerling delivers the 4th day input Plagiognathops microlepis breeding feed day feeding doses It is adjusted with the change of same day water temperature, when water temperature is 5-20 DEG C, feeding doses is the 1.0%- of Plagiognathops microlepis total weight 1.5% ;When water temperature is 21-30 DEG C, feeding doses is the 4%-6% of Plagiognathops microlepis total weight;When water temperature is 30-34 DEG C, Feeding doses is the 3.5%-4.0% of Plagiognathops microlepis total weight, and Plagiognathops microlepis fattening feed is delivered after raising 4 months ;
(5)Water quality adjustment:After fingerling stocking 10 after d, lime water is splashed cultivation platform, and every after 25 days again Secondary sprinkling lime water.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The present invention supports spiral shell state efficient health cultural method for Plagiognathops microlepis set and supported Grow, it is also easy that spiral shell is salvaged, improve fishpond waterbody usage factor, control cultivation risk, raising pond culture comparative effectiveness.
Below with reference to drawings and examples, the present invention is described in detail.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is pond arrangement schematic diagram of the invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1, as shown in figure 1, a kind of Plagiognathops microlepis set supports the cultural method of spiral shell, it is characterised in that including such as Lower step,
(1)Fishpond is sterilized:Fish pond is allowed to dry water, goes to cut weeds, and uniformly spills into quick lime and carries out disinfection and the 3-4d that is exposed to the sun,
(2)Level in fishpond:Fish pond 1 center between the side of a pond of fish pond be spaced 1.8-2.2 rice at deep-cut 2-2.5 meters Cultivation hole 2, with deep-cut soil compaction cultivation hole 2 around, and cultivation hole 2 edges and the fish pond side of a pond between 0.5- The cultivation platform 3 of 0.6-0.7 meters of depth is dug at 0.6 meter downwards, the inner rim in cultivation hole 3 lays spud pile 4, on spud pile 4 Fixed hoop net 5, separation net 6 is set between spud pile and cultivation platform, in cultivation hole inner bottom part accumulation organic manure, organic excrement The thickness of fertilizer is at 30-60 centimetres, in cultivation hole inner bottom part plantation waterweed, Roche hydrilla verticillata, in cultivation platform plantation Hua Shi Imperial tail is careless and places freshwater mussel shell, and freshwater mussel shell, which tiles, places and place 2 layers, and oxygen increasing equipment, water filling culture water are set in hoop net Grass,
(3)Plagiognathops microlepis, spiral shell are put in a suitable place to breed:Select energy strong, disease-free thin for 2-3cm/ tails without wound, specification The oblique jaw silver xenocypris fingerling of squama, is put into purse seine, and density is 3500-4000 tails/hm2, and selection energy is strong, disease-free without shell wound, specification It is put into for 1.5-2cm spiral shell on cultivation platform, density is 250-300 jin, a traditional unit of weight/hm2,
(4)Feedstuff feeding:Plagiognathops microlepis fingerling delivers the 4th day input Plagiognathops microlepis breeding feed day feeding doses It is adjusted with the change of same day water temperature, when water temperature is 5-20 DEG C, feeding doses is the 1.0%- of Plagiognathops microlepis total weight 1.5% ;When water temperature is 21-30 DEG C, feeding doses is the 4%-6% of Plagiognathops microlepis total weight;When water temperature is 30-34 DEG C, Feeding doses is the 3.5%-4.0% of Plagiognathops microlepis total weight, and Plagiognathops microlepis fattening feed is delivered after raising 4 months ;
(5)Water quality adjustment:After fingerling stocking 10 after d, lime water is splashed cultivation platform, and every after 25 days again Secondary sprinkling lime water.
The successful Plagiognathops microlepis set of present invention research is supported spiral shell state efficient health cultural method and cultivated, and improves fishpond Water body usage factor, control cultivation risk, raising pond culture comparative effectiveness.
Embodiment above is only that the preferred embodiment of the present invention is described, and not the scope of the present invention is entered Row is limited, on the premise of design spirit of the present invention is not departed from, technical side of this area ordinary skill technical staff to the present invention In various modifications and improvement that case is made, the protection domain that claims of the present invention determination all should be fallen into.
Part that the present invention does not relate to is same as the prior art or can be realized using prior art.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of Plagiognathops microlepis set supports the cultural method of spiral shell, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps,
(1)Fishpond is sterilized:Fish pond is allowed to dry water, goes to cut weeds, and uniformly spills into quick lime and carries out disinfection and the 3-4d that is exposed to the sun,
(2)Level in fishpond:2-2.5 meters foster is deep-cut at 1.8-2.2 rice to being spaced between the side of a pond of fish pond in the center in fish pond Hole is grown, around the soil compaction cultivation hole deep-cut, and at the 0.5-0.6 rice cultivated between pit edge and the fish pond side of a pond The cultivation platform of 0.6-0.7 meters of depth is dug downwards, and the inner rim in cultivation hole lays spud pile, and hoop net is fixed on spud pile, Separation net is set between spud pile and cultivation platform, in cultivation hole inner bottom part accumulation organic manure, the thickness of organic manure is in 30- 60 centimetres, in cultivation hole inner bottom part plantation waterweed, Roche hydrilla verticillata, plant magnificent marsh weed grass in cultivation platform and place Freshwater mussel shell, freshwater mussel shell tiling is placed and places 2 layers, sets oxygen increasing equipment in hoop net, water filling culture pasture and water,
(3)Plagiognathops microlepis, spiral shell are put in a suitable place to breed:Select energy strong, disease-free oblique for the thin squama of 2-3cm/ tails without wound, specification Jaw silver xenocypris fingerling, is put into hoop net, and density is 3500-4000 tails/hm2, selection energy it is strong, it is disease-free without shell wound, specification be 1.5-2cm spiral shell is put on cultivation platform, and density is 250-300 jin, a traditional unit of weight/hm2,
(4)Feedstuff feeding:Plagiognathops microlepis fingerling delivers the 4th d input Plagiognathops microlepis breeding feed day feeding doses to work as The day change of water temperature is adjusted, when water temperature is 5-20 DEG C, and feeding doses is the 1.0%-1.5% of Plagiognathops microlepis total weight; When water temperature is 21-30 DEG C, feeding doses is the 4%-6% of Plagiognathops microlepis total weight;When water temperature is 30-34 DEG C, feeding material Measure as the 3.5%-4.0% of Plagiognathops microlepis total weight, dispensing Plagiognathops microlepis fattening feed after raising 4 months;
(5)Water quality adjustment:After the d of fingerling stocking 10, lime water is splashed cultivation platform, and every being sprayed again after 25 d Lime water.
CN201510950997.1A 2015-12-19 2015-12-19 A kind of Plagiognathops microlepis set supports the cultural method of spiral shell Active CN105360036B (en)

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CN103385187B (en) * 2013-06-28 2015-05-27 镇江水中仙渔业发展有限公司 Plagiognathops microlepis fish and sturgeon intercropping method
CN104335932A (en) * 2013-08-08 2015-02-11 新沂市成明水产科技有限公司 Culture method for plagiognathops microlepis
CN103636537A (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-03-19 孙永平 Breeding method for plagiognathops microlepis
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Inventor after: Liang Youping

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Address after: 401344 Chongqing new village Solitaire town Banan District high hole group No. 411

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Address after: 274300 Industrial Park, zhangwuzhuang village, Caozhuang Township, Shan county, Heze City, Shandong Province

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Address after: 401344 Chongqing city Banan District of the town of Huai village Solitaire force Zi Wan Group No. 1043

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