CN101095402A - Zoology cultivating method of finless eel - Google Patents

Zoology cultivating method of finless eel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101095402A
CN101095402A CNA2006100449834A CN200610044983A CN101095402A CN 101095402 A CN101095402 A CN 101095402A CN A2006100449834 A CNA2006100449834 A CN A2006100449834A CN 200610044983 A CN200610044983 A CN 200610044983A CN 101095402 A CN101095402 A CN 101095402A
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pond
breed
eel
suitable place
bait
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CNA2006100449834A
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朱训猛
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朱训猛
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Priority to CNA2006100449834A priority Critical patent/CN101095402A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to an ecological method for cultivating ricefield eel, which is characterized in that the pond area is usually 333.5-6670 square meter, and 1334 square meter is the optimal area; the selected pond is dressed artificially, then it is cleaned by using 5-10 kg fresh calcium lime for every 667 square meter area, adds water into pond before cultivation, the calcium lime is fed into pond for 2.5-3 kg per square meter, and 4-5 cm thick fermented livestock manure is added on the trench surface as earthworm bait; cultivates 10g ricefield eel with its number being of about 6500-7000 for every 667 square meter 20 days after pond cleaning; adds snail according to need; harvests in the next year, discharges water and turns over soil pack and clay for harvest; or harvest by using cage, trapping large ones and leaves small ones. Harvest is usually carried out for every 2 years.

Description

The ecological cultivation method of a kind of swamp eel
Technical field
The present invention relates to the ecological cultivation method of a kind of swamp eel.
Background technology
Swamp eel is the fish that dwell at the end and live.Dwell in rice field, reservoir, pond and stream, get into the cave in the ridge of being everlasting, embankment and the stone riprap seam and live in caves, also happiness is dwelt in the many water-bed mud caves of humus, can live well in the slant acidity water body.The happiness cluster is lived in caves.Come out in summer and sleep in winter, when winter, roost was dry, can slips into dark 30~40 centimeters of soil and survive the winter and reach the several months long.Repose daytime in the hole, the outdoor activity in night is often waited at the hole and prey on night.Temperature, when water temperature is higher, also appears daytime and breathe and predation.Propagate swamp eel can throw something and feed small fish, shrimp, spiral shell meat, a species of small clam living in fresh water meat, earthworm, Pomacea canaliculata meat, fly maggot, yellow mealworm and various pluck artificially, a small amount of commercial feed of also can throwing something and feeding, as wheat bran, the wheat that boils, dish class, or the eel artificial feed of throwing something and feeding.Swamp eel also eats natural water plants such as duckweed, wolffia arrhiza.Seek out success and the high-yield and high-efficiency of propagating swamp eel artificially, primary one is to require according to the ecology of swamp eel growth to raise.Ecological method is cultured the problem that swamp eel not only can better solve water quality control and bait supply, and cost is low, and method is easy, high efficiency.Adopt the ecologic breeding method to raise the characteristics that swamp eel has high density, high yield, high benefit.
Summary of the invention
The ecological cultivation method of a kind of swamp eel is characterized in that (1) select the pool.Select the pool as requested, to excessive (surpass more than 33350 square metres), not manageability, can't prevent that the pond of escaping should not adopt.General better with 333.5~6670 square metres pond, the best about 1334 square metres.Will suitably carry out manual sorting to the pond of choosing, cleaning up the pond with 10~20 jin of fresh quicklimes for per 667 square metres in arrangement back, converts the full pond of water and evenly splash before putting in a suitable place to breed.(2) build the pond and select dark 1.5 meters of pond, pond for use, 75 ° of the gradients are used the cement mortar troweling, and are high about 1 meter around the pond, in the pond at the bottom of 30 centimetres of the mud scum degree of depth, the pond be yellow hard pond at the bottom of.With mud scum every 1 meter pile height be 25 centimetres, wide be 30 centimetres little native furrow of " river " font, stay the vacant lot kind grass about 1.5 meters around the pond.(3) cultivate earthworm.After Tu Qidui is good, make water in the ditch remain on 5~10 centimetres dark.Every square metre of native furrow are thrown in 2.5~3 kilograms of earthworms, and at furrow face upper berth 4~5 cm thicks animal manure by fermentation, as the bait of earthworm.Every 3~4 days the upper strata animal manure is scalped later on, spread one deck again, so repeatedly, through about 14 days, earthworm breeds in a large number, can throw in the eel kind.Cultivate earthworm and can be most of bait that swamp eel provides spring, summer, autumn.(4) the eel kind is thrown in.Put in a suitable place to breed after cleaning up the pond 20 days.Per 667 square metres of totally 6500~7000 of eel seedlings of putting in a suitable place to breed about 10 grams.Eel seedling anosis, that do not have wound, stalwartness can directly descend the pool to raise.Sick, weak, wound, the eel seedling that mucus is few can not be thrown in.Eel kind of the same size to be selected when putting in a suitable place to breed for the first time, seedling can be no longer thrown in by natural propagation later on.The rich water pool generally can not thrown or few bait throwing in material, suitably throws something and feeds in the sheer water pool.Food species is the green vegetables of earthworm, fly maggot, small fish, yellow mealworm, rice, bran and chopping etc.(5) feeding and management.When bait is obviously not enough, need supplement feed, can mend and feed spiral shell, freshwater mussel meat and mixed feed.When bait is superfluous, in time bait is salvaged the pond.The river snail residual bait of microorganism, diatoms and fish in the soil of ingesting, therefore the bigger river snail that can eat after swamp eel grows up, should replenish kind of a spiral shell according to the bait situation.The depth of water remains on about 10 centimetres, and miniflow water will be arranged always.Carry out simultaneously anti-escape, daily managements mission such as diseases prevention, anti-harmful animal.(6) fish for.After the eel kind is thrown in, generally, put Gan Chishui during results, with handspring Kai Tuduo and pond mud results to results on New Year's Day in next year.Also the method that can adopt cage to catch is put cage evening, plays cage morning.Implementation catch stay greatly little; The anniversary breeding is once put in a suitable place to breed, benefits every year.Generally every about 2 years, catch once.But 2~3 kilograms of every square metre of business men product swamp eels, 667 square metres are produced benefits and can reach about 30,000 yuan.Utilize this method to culture swamp eel, not only achieve success easily, and recruitment is few, cost is low, high efficiency, can also obtain with the same taste of wild swamp eel.
Specific implementation method
1. select the pool.Select the pool as requested, to excessive (surpass more than 33350 square metres), not manageability, can't prevent that the pond of escaping should not adopt.General better with 333.5~6670 square metres pond, the best about 1334 square metres.In addition, the pond also should possess following condition: (1) water source is pollution-free, the natural pool of suitable size, and pool water wants pure and fresh throughout the year and not dry.(2) preferably can see the pond that existing wild swamp eel growth maybe can be supported (oneself supports) other fish.(3) pond want to intake, draining, can prevent again escaping.To suitably carry out manual sorting to the pond of choosing, improve water quality, be convenient to feeding and management, be more conducive to purposes such as swamp eel growth to reach.Cleaning up the pond with 10~20 jin of fresh quicklimes for per 667 square metres in arrangement back, converts the full pond of water and evenly splash before putting in a suitable place to breed.
2. build the pond.Select dark 1.5 meters of pond, pond for use, 75 ° of the gradients are used the cement mortar troweling, and are high about 1 meter around the pond, in the pond at the bottom of 30 centimetres of the mud scum degree of depth, the pond be yellow hard pond at the bottom of.With mud scum every 1 meter pile height be 25 centimetres, wide be 30 centimetres little native furrow of " river " font, stay the vacant lot kind grass about 1.5 meters around the pond.
3. cultivate earthworm.After Tu Qidui is good, make water in the ditch remain on 5~10 centimetres dark.Every square metre of native furrow are thrown in 2.5~3 kilograms of earthworms, and at furrow face upper berth 4~5 cm thicks animal manure by fermentation, as the bait of earthworm.Every 3~4 days the upper strata animal manure is scalped later on, spread one deck again, so repeatedly, through about 14 days, earthworm breeds in a large number, can throw in the eel kind.Cultivate earthworm and can be most of bait that swamp eel provides spring, summer, autumn.
4. the eel kind is thrown in.Put in a suitable place to breed after cleaning up the pond 20 days.Per 667 square metres of totally 6500~7000 of eel seedlings of putting in a suitable place to breed about 10 grams.Eel seedling anosis, that do not have wound, stalwartness can directly descend the pool to raise.Sick, weak, wound, the eel seedling that mucus is few can not be thrown in.Eel kind of the same size to be selected when putting in a suitable place to breed for the first time, seedling can be no longer thrown in by natural propagation later on.The rich water pool generally can not thrown or few bait throwing in material, suitably throws something and feeds in the sheer water pool.Food species is the green vegetables of earthworm, fly maggot, small fish, yellow mealworm, rice, bran and chopping etc.
5. feeding and management.1. supplementary feeding and control are raised.When bait is obviously not enough, need supplement feed, can mend and feed spiral shell, freshwater mussel meat and mixed feed.When bait is superfluous, in time bait is salvaged the pond.2. support good river snail.The river snail residual bait of microorganism, diatoms and fish in the soil of ingesting, therefore the bigger river snail that can eat after swamp eel grows up, should replenish kind of a spiral shell according to the bait situation.3. depth of water control.The depth of water remains on about 10 centimetres, and miniflow water will be arranged always.Carry out simultaneously anti-escape, daily managements mission such as diseases prevention, anti-harmful animal.
6. fish for.After the eel kind is thrown in, generally, put Gan Chishui during results, with handspring Kai Tuduo and pond mud results to results on New Year's Day in next year.Also the method that can adopt cage to catch is put cage evening, plays cage morning.Implementation catch stay greatly little; The anniversary breeding is once put in a suitable place to breed, benefits every year.Generally every about 2 years, catch once.But 2~3 kilograms of every square metre of business men product swamp eels, 667 square metres are produced benefits and can reach about 30,000 yuan.Utilize this method to culture swamp eel, not only achieve success easily, and recruitment is few, cost is low, high efficiency, can also obtain with the same taste of wild swamp eel.

Claims (4)

1. the ecological cultivation method of a swamp eel is characterized in that selecting the pool generally better with 333.5~6670 square metres pond, the best about 1334 square metres.Will suitably carry out manual sorting to the pond of choosing, cleaning up the pond with 10~20 jin of fresh quicklimes for per 667 square metres in arrangement back, converts the full pond of water and evenly splash before putting in a suitable place to breed.Build the pond and select dark 1.5 meters of pond, pond for use, 75 ° of the gradients are used the cement mortar troweling, and are high about 1 meter around the pond, in the pond at the bottom of 30 centimetres of the mud scum degree of depth, the pond be yellow hard pond at the bottom of.With mud scum every 1 meter pile height be 25 centimetres, wide be 30 centimetres little native furrow of " river " font, stay the vacant lot kind grass about 1.5 meters around the pond.After Tu Qidui is good, make water in the ditch remain on 5~10 centimetres dark.Every square metre of native furrow are thrown in 2.5~3 kilograms of earthworms, and at furrow face upper berth 4~5 cm thicks animal manure by fermentation, as the bait of earthworm.Put per 667 square metres of totally 6500~7000 of eel seedlings of putting in a suitable place to breed about 10 grams after cleaning up the pond 20 days in a suitable place to breed.The river snail residual bait of microorganism, diatoms and fish in the soil of ingesting, therefore the bigger river snail that can eat after swamp eel grows up, should replenish kind of a spiral shell according to the bait situation.After the eel kind is thrown in, generally, put Gan Chishui during results, with handspring Kai Tuduo and pond mud results to results on New Year's Day in next year.Also the method that can adopt cage to catch is put cage evening, plays cage morning.Implementation catch stay greatly little; The anniversary breeding is once put in a suitable place to breed, benefits every year.Generally every about 2 years, catch once.
2. the described ecological cultivation method of claim 1 is characterized in that will suitably carrying out manual sorting to the pond of choosing, and cleaning up the pond with 10~20 jin of fresh quicklimes for per 667 square metres in arrangement back, converts the full pond of water and evenly splash before putting in a suitable place to breed.
3. the described ecological cultivation method of claim 1 is characterized in that 2.5~3 kilograms of every square metre of native furrow input earthworms, and at furrow face upper berth 4~5 cm thicks animal manure by fermentation, as the bait of earthworm.
4. the described ecological cultivation method of claim 1 is put in a suitable place to breed after it is characterized in that cleaning up the pond 20 days, per 667 square metres of totally 6500~7000 of eel seedlings of putting in a suitable place to breed about 10 grams.
CNA2006100449834A 2006-06-26 2006-06-26 Zoology cultivating method of finless eel Pending CN101095402A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101933471B (en) * 2009-08-07 2012-05-30 长江大学 Method for delaying sex reversal of finless eels
CN102919179A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Semi-artificial bionic breeding method of finless eel
CN103004650A (en) * 2011-09-26 2013-04-03 长江大学 Method for cultivating large-size eel fries
CN103314901A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-09-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Method for culturing finless eel in net cage
CN103478024A (en) * 2013-08-19 2014-01-01 安徽华凌生态农业有限公司 Method for farming white fries of American eels
CN103478033A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-01-01 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Nuisanceless eel farming method
CN103493762A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-01-08 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Ricefield eel culturing method
CN103858801A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-06-18 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Culture method of finless eel
CN104012433A (en) * 2014-05-27 2014-09-03 重庆市农业科学院特色作物研究所 Ecological planting and breeding mode of sweet potatoes, ryegrass and fish farming through earthworms
CN104160987A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-11-26 蚌埠市禹会天河联众水产养殖农民专业合作社 Natural breeding and culturing technology of ricefield eel rich in nutrition
CN104396808A (en) * 2014-10-18 2015-03-11 颍上县润海畜禽养殖有限公司 Rice-field eel culturing method
CN104430067A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-03-25 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 Reproduction method of finless eels
CN104872010A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-09-02 长沙市正伟农业科技有限公司 Ecological aquaculture method with water temperature regulating function for rice field eel
CN105265344A (en) * 2014-07-01 2016-01-27 重庆市涪陵区白涛龙宫黄鳝养殖场 Rice field eel breeding and cultivation method
CN105660483A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-06-15 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 Freshwater grouper and crucian high-yield mixed breeding method
CN107912336A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-04-17 五河县金塘水产养殖有限公司 A kind of method of finless eel in pond mixed breeding
CN112400765A (en) * 2020-10-29 2021-02-26 广西壮族自治区水产技术推广站 Ecological breeding method for red swamp crayfish and stone snail in rice field

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101933471B (en) * 2009-08-07 2012-05-30 长江大学 Method for delaying sex reversal of finless eels
CN103004650A (en) * 2011-09-26 2013-04-03 长江大学 Method for cultivating large-size eel fries
CN103004650B (en) * 2011-09-26 2014-04-23 长江大学 Method for cultivating large-size eel fries
CN102919179A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Semi-artificial bionic breeding method of finless eel
CN103314901A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-09-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Method for culturing finless eel in net cage
CN103478024A (en) * 2013-08-19 2014-01-01 安徽华凌生态农业有限公司 Method for farming white fries of American eels
CN103478033B (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-05-20 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Nuisanceless eel farming method
CN103478033A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-01-01 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Nuisanceless eel farming method
CN103493762A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-01-08 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Ricefield eel culturing method
CN103858801A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-06-18 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Culture method of finless eel
CN104012433A (en) * 2014-05-27 2014-09-03 重庆市农业科学院特色作物研究所 Ecological planting and breeding mode of sweet potatoes, ryegrass and fish farming through earthworms
CN104012433B (en) * 2014-05-27 2016-11-23 重庆市农业科学院特色作物研究所 The zoology breeding pattern that a kind of Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae, rye grass, Lumbricus are breeded fish
CN104160987A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-11-26 蚌埠市禹会天河联众水产养殖农民专业合作社 Natural breeding and culturing technology of ricefield eel rich in nutrition
CN105265344A (en) * 2014-07-01 2016-01-27 重庆市涪陵区白涛龙宫黄鳝养殖场 Rice field eel breeding and cultivation method
CN104430067A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-03-25 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 Reproduction method of finless eels
CN104430067B (en) * 2014-09-24 2016-07-06 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 A kind of propagation method of Monopterus albus (Zuiew)
CN104396808A (en) * 2014-10-18 2015-03-11 颍上县润海畜禽养殖有限公司 Rice-field eel culturing method
CN104872010A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-09-02 长沙市正伟农业科技有限公司 Ecological aquaculture method with water temperature regulating function for rice field eel
CN105660483A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-06-15 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 Freshwater grouper and crucian high-yield mixed breeding method
CN107912336A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-04-17 五河县金塘水产养殖有限公司 A kind of method of finless eel in pond mixed breeding
CN107912336B (en) * 2017-11-03 2020-11-03 宿州青果知识产权服务有限公司 Method for polyculture of finless eels in pond
CN112400765A (en) * 2020-10-29 2021-02-26 广西壮族自治区水产技术推广站 Ecological breeding method for red swamp crayfish and stone snail in rice field

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