CN103875559A - Healthy and high-yield breeding method for freshwater shrimps - Google Patents

Healthy and high-yield breeding method for freshwater shrimps Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103875559A
CN103875559A CN201410104546.1A CN201410104546A CN103875559A CN 103875559 A CN103875559 A CN 103875559A CN 201410104546 A CN201410104546 A CN 201410104546A CN 103875559 A CN103875559 A CN 103875559A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shrimp
pond
water
healthy
freshwater
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410104546.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103875559B (en
Inventor
沈建明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd filed Critical Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410104546.1A priority Critical patent/CN103875559B/en
Publication of CN103875559A publication Critical patent/CN103875559A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103875559B publication Critical patent/CN103875559B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a healthy and high-yield breeding method for freshwater shrimps. The healthy and high-yield breeding method for the freshwater shrimps includes the following steps that firstly, a shrimp tank is designed; secondly, the shrimp tank is disinfected; thirdly, seeding and water quality cultivating are performed; fourthly, stocking of young shrimps is performed; fifthly, feeding and throwing of feed are performed; sixthly, the water quality and the dissolved oxygen amount are regulated and controlled; seventhly, timely catching is performed. The healthy and high-yield breeding method for the freshwater shrimps is simple and convenient and easy to carry out; on the basis of the slope design at the bottom of the shrimp tank, the content of poisonous and harmful organic matter, residual bait and the like can be effectively reduced based on the management methods of regular dredging, water injecting, aerating and the like, and the water can be kept clean and healthy. The freshwater shrimps bred according to the healthy and high-yield method are high in yield and quality, and the healthy development of the freshwater shrimp breeding industry is effectively promoted.

Description

The healthy high-yield cultural method of a kind of freshwater shrimp
 
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, particularly relate to the healthy high-yield cultural method of a kind of freshwater shrimp.
Background technology
Fresh water freshwater shrimp, formal name used at school Japanese macrobrachium supernbum (Macrobrachium nipponense), belong to shell-fish, Decapoda, swimming suborder, Eucyphidea, long-armed section, pond crayfish genus, a fairly large number of one in fresh water shrimp, one of traditional economy shrimp species in China's freshwater aquaculture industry.Freshwater shrimp nutritive value is abundant, delicious meat, is deeply subject to liking of consumers in general.But at present, because cultivation freshwater shrimp exists disease many, cost is high, pollution is large, the shortcoming such as yield poorly, the enthusiasm that causes cultivating freshwater shrimp is not high, and shrimp culture industry slower development, can not meet the consumption demand in market.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide the healthy high-yield cultural method of a kind of freshwater shrimp, can solve the problem that current shrimp culture exists, and improves cultured output and the quality of freshwater shrimp.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: the healthy high-yield cultural method of a kind of freshwater shrimp is provided, comprises the following steps:
(1) shrimp pond design: selection area is the field of 2~3 mu, and scraping out the degree of depth is the rectangle pond of 1.5m, and the bottom in described pond is domatic, and digging out a width at described domatic Yan Xia pond, bottom width is 3~5m, the groove that the degree of depth is 1~2m;
(2) shrimp pond sterilization: the mud that a layer thickness is 8~10cm is laid in the bottom in above-mentioned shrimp pond, fills water in pond, then applying quick lime, after 48h by above-mentioned limewash emptying;
(3) planting grass and water quality cultivates: the bottom, shrimp pond after sterilization, downward 1/3~1/2 plantation hydrilla verticillata from domatic top, the shrimp nest of planting to described groove place at described 1/3~1/2 domatic place; In above-mentioned shrimp pond, inject the clear water that the degree of depth is 1.0~1.2m with filter screen, and discharge farmers''s muck and aquaculture special bio fertilizer after fermentation;
(4) shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed: to mid-April, treat that water quality becomes yellow green in mid-March, put the shrimp seedling that height is 2~3cm by the quantity of every mu 5~80,000 tails in a suitable place to breed in shrimp pond;
(5) feedstuff feeding: every morning, afternoon each feeding once, twice feeding time interval is 8~11h, day feeding capacity is 5% of the shrimp seedling volume gross weight of throwing in step (4), described morning feeding capacity and afternoon feeding capacity ratio be 25~35%:65~75%;
(6) water quality and dissolved oxygen amount regulation and control: every 5~10 days, by the sludge removal in the undercut of described shrimp pond, and change the new water of note 1/5~1/4, discharge again aquatic biological special fertilizer and lime water after changing water; Fix an oxygenation aeration pipe every 3~5 meters of shrimp pond surrounding, at rainy weather, whole day is opened aerator; At sunny weather, afternoon, 18:00~22:00 point was opened continuously aerator, and the oxygen that described aerator produces is inputted and in water, formed dissolved oxygen by aeration tube;
(7) fish for: in the time that shrimp seedling grows to height and is 5~6cm, fish for listing in good time.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (1), the domatic slope ratio in bottom, described shrimp pond is 1:2~3.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (2), the amount of discharging of described quicklime is 55~70kg/ mu.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (6), the amount of discharging of described quicklime is 8~10kg/ mu.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the healthy high-yield cultural method of a kind of freshwater shrimp of the present invention, simple and convenient, easy to implement, on the basis of the shrimp pond domatic design in bottom, by management methods such as regular desilting, water filling, oxygenation, can effectively reduce the content of poisonous and harmful organic matter and remaining bait etc., keep water cleaning, health, the freshwater shrimp that the present invention cultivates, output is large, quality is high, has effectively promoted the sound development of shrimp culture industry.
 
Embodiment
Below preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, thereby so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to be it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, protection scope of the present invention is made to more explicit defining.
The embodiment of the present invention comprises:
A healthy high-yield cultural method for freshwater shrimp, comprises the following steps:
(1) shrimp pond design: selection area is the field of 2~3 mu, scraping out the degree of depth is the rectangle pond of 1.5m, the bottom in described pond is that slope is than being the domatic of 1:2~3, digging out a width at described domatic Yan Xia pond, bottom width is 3~5m, the degree of depth is the groove of 1~2m, the acting as of this groove: one, hold organic matter and the mud such as the freshwater shrimp excreta sliding on domatic, remaining bait; Two, be convenient to regularly remove organic matter and mud; Three, while changing water in shrimp pond, outwards extract lower floor's polluted water out from this groove;
(2) shrimp pond sterilization: on bottom, above-mentioned shrimp pond domatic, lay the mud that a layer thickness is 8~10cm, in pond, fill water, the then amount applying quick lime of 55~70kg/ mu, prawn pool carries out pasteurised completely, after 48h by above-mentioned limewash emptying;
(3) planting grass and water quality cultivates: the bottom, shrimp pond after sterilization, sentence the strain spacing plantation hydrilla verticillata of 1.5m from domatic top downward 1/3~1/2, at the domatic strain spacing of sentencing 2~3m to described groove of the remainder shrimp nest of planting, finally in above-mentioned shrimp pond, inject the clear water that the degree of depth is 1.0~1.2m with filter screen, and discharge farmers''s muck and the aquaculture special bio fertilizer after fermentation, regulating water quality; Described shrimp nest is plastic material;
(4) shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed: to mid-April, treat that water quality becomes yellow green in mid-March, put the shrimp seedling that height is 2~3cm by the quantity of every mu 5~80,000 tails in a suitable place to breed in shrimp pond;
(5) feedstuff feeding: every morning, afternoon each feeding once, twice feeding time interval is 8~11h, day feeding capacity is 5% of the shrimp seedling volume gross weight of throwing in, described morning feeding capacity and afternoon feeding capacity ratio be 25~35%:65~75%;
(6) water quality and dissolved oxygen amount regulation and control: according to season, every 5~10 days, by the sludge removal in the undercut of described shrimp pond, and change the new water of note 1/5~1/4, while changing water, bottom sewage is extracted out by groove, after changing water, discharge aquatic biological special fertilizer and lime water, wherein, the amount of discharging of quicklime is 8~10kg/ mu again, method for releasing is: first outside pond, quicklime is soluble in water, and then be sprayed on shrimp pond; While building pond, vertically fix an oxygenation aeration pipe every 3~5 meters of shrimp pond wall, in bottom, shrimp pond, wall is fixed a loop draught pipe, described aeration tube is communicated with described loop draught pipe, described loop draught pipe is connected with the aerator outside pond, and the oxygen that aerator produces is inputted and in water, formed dissolved oxygen by aeration tube; At rainy weather, whole day is opened aerator; At sunny weather, afternoon, 18:00~22:00 point was opened continuously aerator, with meet freshwater shrimp at night the demand to dissolved oxygen;
(7) fish for: in the time that shrimp seedling grows to height and is 5~6cm, fish for listing in good time.
Above-mentioned fresh water shrimp culture method, individual large, the good luster of freshwater shrimp, the thin meat of skin is tender, delicious flavour, and output is 133~150kg/ mu, has effectively improved cultured output and the quality of freshwater shrimp, has promoted the development of shrimp culture industry.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes description of the present invention to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a healthy high-yield cultural method for freshwater shrimp, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) shrimp pond design: selection area is the field of 2~3 mu, and scraping out the degree of depth is the rectangle pond of 1.5m, and the bottom in described pond is domatic, and digging out a width at described domatic Yan Xia pond, bottom width is 3~5m, the groove that the degree of depth is 1~2m;
(2) shrimp pond sterilization: the mud that a layer thickness is 8~10cm is laid in the bottom in above-mentioned shrimp pond, fills water in pond, then applying quick lime, after 48h by above-mentioned limewash emptying;
(3) planting grass and water quality cultivates: the bottom, shrimp pond after sterilization, downward 1/3~1/2 plantation hydrilla verticillata from domatic top, the shrimp nest of planting to described groove place at described 1/3~1/2 domatic place; In above-mentioned shrimp pond, inject the clear water that the degree of depth is 1.0~1.2m with filter screen, and discharge farmers''s muck and aquaculture special bio fertilizer after fermentation;
(4) shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed: to mid-April, treat that water quality becomes yellow green in mid-March, put the shrimp seedling that height is 2~3cm by the quantity of every mu 5~80,000 tails in a suitable place to breed in shrimp pond;
(5) feedstuff feeding: every morning, afternoon each feeding once, twice feeding time interval is 8~11h, day feeding capacity is 5% of the shrimp seedling volume gross weight of throwing in step (4), described morning feeding capacity and afternoon feeding capacity ratio be 25~35%:65~75%;
(6) water quality and dissolved oxygen amount regulation and control: every 5~10 days, by the sludge removal in the undercut of described shrimp pond, and change the new water of note 1/5~1/4, discharge again aquatic biological special fertilizer and lime water after changing water; Fix an oxygenation aeration pipe every 3~5 meters of shrimp pond surrounding, at rainy weather, whole day is opened aerator; At sunny weather, afternoon, 18:00~22:00 point was opened continuously aerator, and the oxygen that described aerator produces is inputted and in water, formed dissolved oxygen by aeration tube;
(7) fish for: in the time that shrimp seedling grows to height and is 5~6cm, fish for listing in good time.
2. the healthy high-yield cultural method of freshwater shrimp according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (1), the domatic slope ratio in bottom, described shrimp pond is 1:2~3.
3. the healthy high-yield cultural method of freshwater shrimp according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (2), the amount of discharging of described quicklime is 55~70kg/ mu.
4. the healthy high-yield cultural method of freshwater shrimp according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (6), the amount of discharging of described quicklime is 8~10kg/ mu.
CN201410104546.1A 2014-03-20 2014-03-20 A kind of healthy aquaculture method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) Expired - Fee Related CN103875559B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410104546.1A CN103875559B (en) 2014-03-20 2014-03-20 A kind of healthy aquaculture method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan)

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410104546.1A CN103875559B (en) 2014-03-20 2014-03-20 A kind of healthy aquaculture method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan)

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103875559A true CN103875559A (en) 2014-06-25
CN103875559B CN103875559B (en) 2016-09-21

Family

ID=50944950

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410104546.1A Expired - Fee Related CN103875559B (en) 2014-03-20 2014-03-20 A kind of healthy aquaculture method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan)

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103875559B (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104814328A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-08-05 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 Organic freshwater shrimp bait
CN105165669A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-23 上海市水产研究所(上海市水产技术推广站) High-efficiency ecological cultivation method for macrobrachium nipponense
CN105918186A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-07 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 High-yield breeding method of freshwater shrimps in pond in summer
CN105941232A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-21 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 Springtime high-yield freshwater shrimp breeding method
CN105994026A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-10-12 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 Breeding method for improving commercial specification and commercial rate of freshwater shrimps
CN106035176A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-26 漯河市源汇区水产渔政站 Cultivation technique of freshwater shrimps
CN106069915A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 A kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) raising in summer immunity high-yield cultivation method
CN106106270A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-16 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 One Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) disease-preventing and yield-increasing cultural method in summer
CN107047414A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-08-18 江苏省农业科学院宿迁农科所 A kind of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield cultural method
CN107372253A (en) * 2017-09-08 2017-11-24 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 The green high-yield cultivation method of Taihu Lake shrimp
CN107372254A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-11-24 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of high-yield cultivation method of Taihu Lake shrimp

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030070624A1 (en) * 2001-03-16 2003-04-17 Yonathan Zohar Process for culturing crabs in recirculating marine aquaculture systems
CN101288389A (en) * 2008-06-10 2008-10-22 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Method for increasing black shrimp culture commodity rate
CN101731170A (en) * 2009-12-24 2010-06-16 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Reinforced cultivating method of freshwater shrimp seedshrimp
CN101869087A (en) * 2010-07-09 2010-10-27 湖州师范学院 Environmentally-friendly pond culture method for freshwater shrimps

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030070624A1 (en) * 2001-03-16 2003-04-17 Yonathan Zohar Process for culturing crabs in recirculating marine aquaculture systems
CN101288389A (en) * 2008-06-10 2008-10-22 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Method for increasing black shrimp culture commodity rate
CN101731170A (en) * 2009-12-24 2010-06-16 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Reinforced cultivating method of freshwater shrimp seedshrimp
CN101869087A (en) * 2010-07-09 2010-10-27 湖州师范学院 Environmentally-friendly pond culture method for freshwater shrimps

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
张桂芝等: "无公害池塘双季青虾高产养殖技术", 《科学养鱼》, no. 5, 31 May 2012 (2012-05-31) *
朱金荣: "池塘青虾健康高产养殖技术", 《上海农业科技》, no. 3, 30 June 2011 (2011-06-30) *
谢伟: "低洼田养殖青虾及效益分析", 《中国水产》, no. 11, 30 November 2000 (2000-11-30) *

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104814328A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-08-05 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 Organic freshwater shrimp bait
CN105165669A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-23 上海市水产研究所(上海市水产技术推广站) High-efficiency ecological cultivation method for macrobrachium nipponense
CN105165669B (en) * 2015-07-27 2017-12-12 上海市水产研究所(上海市水产技术推广站) A kind of high-efficient ecological cultivation method of freshwater shrimp
CN105994026B (en) * 2016-05-13 2019-01-29 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 A kind of cultural method improving freshwater shrimp commercial specification and commodity rate
CN105994026A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-10-12 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 Breeding method for improving commercial specification and commercial rate of freshwater shrimps
CN106069915A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 A kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) raising in summer immunity high-yield cultivation method
CN106106270A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-16 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 One Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) disease-preventing and yield-increasing cultural method in summer
CN105941232A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-21 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 Springtime high-yield freshwater shrimp breeding method
CN105918186A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-07 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 High-yield breeding method of freshwater shrimps in pond in summer
CN106106270B (en) * 2016-06-22 2020-02-18 安徽省恒胜机电工程股份有限公司 Disease-preventing and yield-increasing cultivation method for freshwater shrimps in summer
CN106035176A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-26 漯河市源汇区水产渔政站 Cultivation technique of freshwater shrimps
CN107047414A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-08-18 江苏省农业科学院宿迁农科所 A kind of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield cultural method
CN107372253A (en) * 2017-09-08 2017-11-24 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 The green high-yield cultivation method of Taihu Lake shrimp
CN107372254A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-11-24 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of high-yield cultivation method of Taihu Lake shrimp

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103875559B (en) 2016-09-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103875559B (en) A kind of healthy aquaculture method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan)
CN104273063B (en) Pond crab strengthened breeding method
CN102626059A (en) Method for polyculturing river crabs, mandarin fish, and shrimps
CN104054614B (en) A kind of ecological polyculturing method of crab, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) and China
CN102440209B (en) Method for incubating oriental weatherfish
CN103348941A (en) Cultivation method of sturgeon
CN103004658A (en) Stichopus japonicus-growing method
CN103583431B (en) Method for mainly culturing yellow catfishes and carrying out polyculture on other feeding fishes in pond
CN101385445A (en) Green langouste breeding technique in paddy field
CN104521654B (en) A kind of method that pond eutrophication is administered by rice cultivation
CN106922584A (en) A kind of method of raising crabs in paddy field
CN102939920A (en) Intensive juvenile crab paddy field aquaculture mode
CN104255671A (en) Branchionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield breeding system and method
CN102771423A (en) Cultivating method for multiplication of demersal live baits in shrimp and crab ponds
CN105557569A (en) Pond culture method for Mastacembelus armatus
CN104542368A (en) Method for breeding loach in macrobrachium pond in mixed mode
CN103039405A (en) Method for mass-producing palatable live bait water earthworms for eel offspring seeds
CN102283154A (en) Method for organically and efficiently breeding Erythroculter ilishaeformis in hilly pond
CN103461240A (en) Method for continuously cropping and ecologically breeding macrobrachium nipponensis and hydrilla verticillata
CN104969889B (en) A kind of method for pearl culture
CN106538438A (en) A kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan)
CN106614121A (en) Artificial Chinese hooksnout carp breeding method and application in large-scale Chinese hooksnout carp breeding
CN109076995A (en) A kind of ecological in-situ immobilization cultural method of high-quality Eriocheir sinensis
CN113647349A (en) Rice and shrimp comprehensive planting and breeding method based on non-furrow rice field transformation
CN103749347A (en) Feeding method of freshwater shrimps

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160921

Termination date: 20170320