CN105210953A - The high-yield cultivation method of shrimp - Google Patents

The high-yield cultivation method of shrimp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105210953A
CN105210953A CN201510723201.9A CN201510723201A CN105210953A CN 105210953 A CN105210953 A CN 105210953A CN 201510723201 A CN201510723201 A CN 201510723201A CN 105210953 A CN105210953 A CN 105210953A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shrimp
culturing pool
water
feed
pond
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Pending
Application number
CN201510723201.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
翁惠峰
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Beauty Peninsula Suzhou City Neat Lik-Sang State Agricultural Product Specialty Co-Operative Organization
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Beauty Peninsula Suzhou City Neat Lik-Sang State Agricultural Product Specialty Co-Operative Organization
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Application filed by Beauty Peninsula Suzhou City Neat Lik-Sang State Agricultural Product Specialty Co-Operative Organization filed Critical Beauty Peninsula Suzhou City Neat Lik-Sang State Agricultural Product Specialty Co-Operative Organization
Priority to CN201510723201.9A priority Critical patent/CN105210953A/en
Publication of CN105210953A publication Critical patent/CN105210953A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses the high-yield cultivation method of a seed shrimp, comprise throw something and feed, multiple step such as management.By the way, the high-yield cultivation method of shrimp of the present invention, not only can improve the resistance against diseases of shrimp itself, its mouthfeel can also be made to become better, improve its nutritive value, green safety, improve output.

Description

The high-yield cultivation method of shrimp
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture field, particularly relate to the high-yield cultivation method of a seed shrimp.
Background technology
Shrimp is the arthropods of one way of life in water, belongs to arthropods shell-fish, and kind is a lot, comprises the red shrimp in the South Pole, freshwater shrimp, river prawn, grass shrimp, prawn, prawn, lobster etc.Shrimp has very high diet therapy nutritional and is worth, and can be used as in traditional Chinese medicine.
In recent years, China's culture fishery develops rapidly, and intensive degree improves constantly, but in the breeding process of shrimp, the various chemicals of people's Long-Time Service.These chemical reagent easily make water pollution, and the normal growth of interference shrimp, also has chemical residual, can produce serious harm after the mankind eat to health.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide the high-yield cultivation method of a seed shrimp, have that reliability is high, environmental protection, output advantages of higher, simultaneously aquaculture application and universal on have market prospects widely.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is:
The high-yield cultivation method of one seed shrimp, its step comprises:
(1) culturing pool near pure and fresh pollution-free, the depth of water 1.5-2.0 rice of water source, water quality is selected; Manuring and compost in culturing pool; After 30 days, clean up the pond with crotons or the tea dregs of rice; Plant water plants in culturing pool surrounding, planted area accounts for the 10%-20% of culturing pool area; (2) the shrimp seedling that specification size is basically identical, physique is healthy and strong, anosis wound, limbs are complete is selected, in 3-4 month, select overcast and rainy or fine day morning or put in a suitable place to breed at dusk, the specification of shrimp seedling is 1000-2500/kilogram, and every mu of culturing pool puts 1.5 ten thousand-2 ten thousand shrimp seedlings in a suitable place to breed; (3) feed intake management: every afternoon, 5-6 point carried out throwing something and feeding feed, and described feed comprises spiral shell 10-15 part, silkworm chrysalis 5-10 part, fish meal 6-9 part, earthworm 5-10 part, fly maggot 4-8 part, soya-bean cake 20-35 part, rice bran 8-12 part, vinasse 6-10 part, bone meal 6-12 part, shell powder 4-6 part, crab shell powder 4-6 part, vitamin C 3-6 part, calciferol-5 parts, adenine phosphate-6 parts and vitamin e1-2 parts; (4) daily management: the dissolved oxygen amount regulating water in culturing pool, makes dissolved oxygen amount be more than or equal to 5 mg/litre; The intensity of feeding of freshwater shrimp strengthens, and metabolism is vigorous, and rapidly, every 7-10 days changes a water, changes the 25%-35% of water inventory at every turn, makes the transparency of culturing pool remain on more than 40 centimetres in growth; Every day, 1-3 point maked an inspection tour the pool, examined.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the weight of described feed is the 1.5%-2.5% of shrimp seedling gross weight.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when cleaning up the pond with crotons, the water in culturing pool is left 10-15 centimetre, splashed uniformly in culturing pool by the crotons after fermentation, 10-15 days after cleaning up the pond, puts in a suitable place to breed.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the resistance against diseases that not only can improve shrimp itself, its mouthfeel can also be made to become better, improve its nutritive value, green safety, improve output.
Embodiment
Be clearly and completely described to the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention below, obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making other embodiments all obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
The embodiment of the present invention comprises:
The high-yield cultivation method of one seed shrimp, its step comprises:
(1) culturing pool near pure and fresh pollution-free, the depth of water 1.5-2.0 rice of water source, water quality is selected; Manuring and compost in culturing pool; After 30 days, clean up the pond with crotons or the tea dregs of rice; Plant water plants in culturing pool surrounding, planted area accounts for the 10%-20% of culturing pool area.
(2) the shrimp seedling that specification size is basically identical, physique is healthy and strong, anosis wound, limbs are complete is selected, in 3-4 month, select overcast and rainy or fine day morning or put in a suitable place to breed at dusk, the specification of shrimp seedling be 1000-2500 only/kilogram, every mu of culturing pool puts 1.5 ten thousand-2 ten thousand shrimp seedlings in a suitable place to breed.Leveling of shrimp pond generally started at the beginning of 3 months, drain Chi Shui, remove too much mud, the medicine of cleaning up the pond in shrimp pond is ideal with crotons, because crotons contain a kind of crotonosine that can make fish blood coagulation and death, effectively can kill the wild fishes in shrimp pond, therefore have crotons to clean up the pond, the saying that more clear shrimp is more.The general depth of water 10 centimetres, every mu of shrimp pond crotons 5-7.5 kilogram.
The time of putting in a suitable place to breed to avoid direct sunlight, temperature too high, should affect the survival rate that shrimp species are put in a suitable place to breed.(3) feed intake management: every afternoon, 5-6 point carried out throwing something and feeding feed, and described feed comprises spiral shell 10-15 part, silkworm chrysalis 5-10 part, fish meal 6-9 part, earthworm 5-10 part, fly maggot 4-8 part, soya-bean cake 20-35 part, rice bran 8-12 part, vinasse 6-10 part, bone meal 6-12 part, shell powder 4-6 part, crab shell powder 4-6 part, vitamin C 3-6 part, calciferol-5 parts, adenine phosphate-6 parts and vitamin e1-2 parts.(4) daily management: the dissolved oxygen amount regulating water in culturing pool, makes dissolved oxygen amount be more than or equal to 5 mg/litre; The intensity of feeding of freshwater shrimp strengthens, and metabolism is vigorous, and rapidly, every 7-10 days changes a water, changes the 25%-35% of water inventory at every turn, makes the transparency of culturing pool remain on more than 40 centimetres in growth; Every day, 1-3 point maked an inspection tour the pool, examined.
The weight of described feed is the 1.5%-2.5% of shrimp seedling gross weight.
When cleaning up the pond with crotons, the water in culturing pool is left 10-15 centimetre, the crotons after fermentation are splashed uniformly in culturing pool.10-15 days after cleaning up the pond, puts in a suitable place to breed.
The beneficial effect of the high-yield cultivation method of shrimp of the present invention is: the resistance against diseases that not only can improve shrimp itself, its mouthfeel can also be made to become better, improve its nutritive value, green safety, improve output.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every utilize description of the present invention to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical field, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. the high-yield cultivation method of a seed shrimp, is characterized in that, step comprises:
(1) culturing pool near pure and fresh pollution-free, the depth of water 1.5-2.0 rice of water source, water quality is selected; Manuring and compost in culturing pool; After 30 days, clean up the pond with crotons or the tea dregs of rice; Plant water plants in culturing pool surrounding, planted area accounts for the 10%-20% of culturing pool area; (2) the shrimp seedling that specification size is basically identical, physique is healthy and strong, anosis wound, limbs are complete is selected, in 3-4 month, select overcast and rainy or fine day morning or put in a suitable place to breed at dusk, the specification of shrimp seedling be 1000-2500 only/kilogram, every mu of culturing pool puts 1.5 ten thousand-2 ten thousand shrimp seedlings in a suitable place to breed; (3) feed intake management: every afternoon, 5-6 point carried out throwing something and feeding feed, and described feed comprises spiral shell 10-15 part, silkworm chrysalis 5-10 part, fish meal 6-9 part, earthworm 5-10 part, fly maggot 4-8 part, soya-bean cake 20-35 part, rice bran 8-12 part, vinasse 6-10 part, bone meal 6-12 part, shell powder 4-6 part, crab shell powder 4-6 part, vitamin C 3-6 part, calciferol-5 parts, adenine phosphate-6 parts and vitamin e1-2 parts; (4) daily management: the dissolved oxygen amount regulating water in culturing pool, makes dissolved oxygen amount be more than or equal to 5 mg/litre; The intensity of feeding of freshwater shrimp strengthens, and metabolism is vigorous, and rapidly, every 7-10 days changes a water, changes the 25%-35% of water inventory at every turn, makes the transparency of culturing pool remain on more than 40 centimetres in growth; Every day, 1-3 point maked an inspection tour the pool, examined.
2. the high-yield cultivation method of shrimp according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the weight of described feed is the 1.5%-2.5% of shrimp seedling gross weight.
3. the high-yield cultivation method of shrimp according to claim 1, is characterized in that, when cleaning up the pond with crotons, the water in culturing pool is left 10-15 centimetre, and splashed uniformly in culturing pool by the crotons after fermentation, 10-15 days after cleaning up the pond, puts in a suitable place to breed.
CN201510723201.9A 2015-10-29 2015-10-29 The high-yield cultivation method of shrimp Pending CN105210953A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106069915A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 A kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) raising in summer immunity high-yield cultivation method
CN106172097A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇东枪塘水产养殖专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan)
CN107047414A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-08-18 江苏省农业科学院宿迁农科所 A kind of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield cultural method
CN108689756A (en) * 2017-02-25 2018-10-23 长沙梅兰杉农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of lotus pool intercropping cray
CN109089976A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-28 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of fresh water shrimp
CN109197687A (en) * 2018-08-17 2019-01-15 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇东枪塘水产养殖专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of snakeheaded fish

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CN103404453A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-27 江苏省水产技术推广站 Freshwater shrimp and river crab double main farming method
CN104273072A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-01-14 王春红 High-yield breeding method of freshwater shrimps
CN104663530A (en) * 2013-12-02 2015-06-03 邱汪洋 Technical method for culturing freshwater crayfish in pond
CN104798705A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-07-29 高邮市阳光特种水产专业合作社 Giant freshwater prawn breeding method
CN104885977A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-09 黄全 High-density culture method for litopenaeus stylirostris

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CN103404453A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-27 江苏省水产技术推广站 Freshwater shrimp and river crab double main farming method
CN104663530A (en) * 2013-12-02 2015-06-03 邱汪洋 Technical method for culturing freshwater crayfish in pond
CN104273072A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-01-14 王春红 High-yield breeding method of freshwater shrimps
CN104798705A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-07-29 高邮市阳光特种水产专业合作社 Giant freshwater prawn breeding method
CN104885977A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-09 黄全 High-density culture method for litopenaeus stylirostris

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106069915A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 A kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) raising in summer immunity high-yield cultivation method
CN106172097A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇东枪塘水产养殖专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan)
CN108689756A (en) * 2017-02-25 2018-10-23 长沙梅兰杉农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of lotus pool intercropping cray
CN107047414A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-08-18 江苏省农业科学院宿迁农科所 A kind of freshwater shrimp healthy high-yield cultural method
CN109089976A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-28 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of fresh water shrimp
CN109197687A (en) * 2018-08-17 2019-01-15 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇东枪塘水产养殖专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of snakeheaded fish

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Application publication date: 20160106