CN105104260A - Odontobutis obscura and freshwater shrimp mixed culturing method - Google Patents

Odontobutis obscura and freshwater shrimp mixed culturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105104260A
CN105104260A CN201510512321.4A CN201510512321A CN105104260A CN 105104260 A CN105104260 A CN 105104260A CN 201510512321 A CN201510512321 A CN 201510512321A CN 105104260 A CN105104260 A CN 105104260A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
odontobutis obscura
ditch
freshwater shrimp
culturing
rice
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510512321.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏鸽
王庆
周瑞龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ANHUI YUNONG ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ANHUI YUNONG ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ANHUI YUNONG ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical ANHUI YUNONG ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510512321.4A priority Critical patent/CN105104260A/en
Publication of CN105104260A publication Critical patent/CN105104260A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals
    • A01G22/22Rice
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses an odontobutis obscura and freshwater shrimp mixed culturing method. The environment-friendly and pollution-free odontobutis obscura and freshwater shrimp mixed culturing method is provided according to the landform of the southern mountainous area in Anhui Province, a culturing field is formed in a valley of the southern mountainous area in Anhui Province, an organic paddy field is arranged in the middle of the culturing field, and ditches are formed in the periphery of the culturing field. Scientific mixed culturing is conducted according to the ratio of odontobutis obscura parent fry to freshwater shrimp fry to frogs to vivipara to river crabs to spotted silver carps and silver carps to crawdad of 45:15:5:3:4:1, so that the yield is increased, diseases are reduced, and the safety of meat of odontobutis obscura is guaranteed.

Description

A kind of Odontobutis obscura freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to ecological agriculture cultural technique field, particularly a kind of Odontobutis obscura freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method.
Background technology
Odontobutis obscura (Odontobutisobscurus) belongs to Perciformes, goby suborder, Eleotridae, Odontobutis.Though Odontobutis obscura belongs to predacious fish, its food is mostly small fish and the low shrimp of economic worth, and the procreation that obviously can suppress wild fishes in pond, shrimp supported by pond cover, contributes to increasing pond comprehensive benefit.Odontobutis obscura is always returned at high-grade aquatic products ranks, and before and after clear and bright, cauliflower is golden yellow, and the fertile seed of Odontobutis obscura body is full, becomes delicacies unique on the dining table of Yangtze River Delta Area.Its many containing meat, few thorn, meat flavour are delicious, nutritious, and every hectogram meat contains 18.39 grams, protein, fat 0.98 gram, calcium 0.42 gram, also containing phosphorus, iron, vitamin etc.Essential amino acid and Fresh ear field content, all higher than general fish, have nourishing, beneficial muscles and bones and stomach, gas, the hemorrhoid etc. of harnessing the river effect.The pregnancy duration and the many foods of puerpera have health-care effect, are that the south of the River five spring name of the dish is fresh with spiral shell meat, river prawn, bamboo shoots, spring fragrant-flowered garlic nominal.Along with people's Diet concept is by the differentiation of mass type to nutrition type, the Odontobutis obscura valued of not behaving in the past is more and more subject to the favor of consumer.Along with the quickening of socio-economic development and the pollution aggravation of natural water area, the living environment of Odontobutis obscura is constantly on the hazard, and stock number reduces sharply, and this makes the market price of Odontobutis obscura climb up and up, and now risen to about 150 yuan/kilogram, and supply falls short of demand.Odontobutis obscura is the local native country aquatic products of Xuancheng Profile, anhui Province, and market is sold Odontobutis obscura adult fish and mainly leaned on wild fishing for be main, and output is less.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of Odontobutis obscura freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method.
The present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of Odontobutis obscura freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method, concrete grammar is as follows:
(1), farming site: organic water rice field surrounding arranges ditch, the dark 1.2m ~ 1.5m in described ditch, wide 3m ~ 5m, and place in described ditch and perch things concealed, the water of described cultivation need meet 2 class water standards;
(2), disease prevention and cure: use the one in quicklime and bleaching powder to carry out disinfection to ditch, disinfection cycle is 15 days ~ 20 days;
(3), the collocation of seed: the seed choosing following number ratio, Odontobutis obscura Parent Seedling: freshwater shrimp seedling: frog: river snail: river crab: flower, Silver Carp: crawdad is 45:15:5:3:4:1;
(4), bait throw in: the raw material of the following percentage by weight of proportioning: earthworm powder 5.5-9%, fish meal 16.5-25.5%, soyabean cake 33-51%, red dog flour 13.5-44%, fishing premix 1-1.5%, throw according to the proportional quantity in every mu of rice field 4 ㎏/sky;
(5), field management: Odontobutis obscura annual mixed breed number of times is identical with Rice Cropping number of times, is once or twice, and periphery, ditch is face of inclining, and angle of inclination is the inclined-plane of 45 °.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: according to the seed quantitative proportion that the present invention is scientific and reasonable, achieve a kind of Odontobutis obscura mixed cultivation method of green non-pollution, while plantation organic paddy rice, carry out the cultivation of Odontobutis obscura, compare wild fishing for, increase the output of Odontobutis obscura; Rational quantitative proportion decreases the generation of disease, ensures the safety of Odontobutis obscura meat; While bait throwing in material, freshwater shrimp, except the bait as Odontobutis obscura, also has part to grow up as economic aquatic products, improves business efficiency.
Embodiment
The technological means realized for making the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with embodiment, setting forth the present invention further.
Embodiment 1
At Wannan mountainous area, such as Jingde County, Xuancheng City, mixed breed place is opened up between mountain valley, be organic water rice field in the middle of farming site, surrounding arranges ditch, dark 1.2m ~ the 1.5m in described ditch, wide 3m ~ 5m, place in described ditch and perch things concealed, perch things concealed adopt watt cylinder, tile, heavy caliber thick bamboo tube, scrap in giant tyre or gray tinted plastic pipe one or more, facilitate Odontobutis obscura to grow and farrowing, the water of described cultivation need meet 2 class water standards, the farming site opened up, the spring on desirable mountain is as the water source of cultivation.
Cultivate and management according to following steps:
(1), disease prevention and cure: use the one in quicklime and bleaching powder to carry out disinfection to ditch, disinfection cycle is 15 days ~ 20 days;
(2), the collocation of seed: choose Odontobutis obscura Parent Seedling 1800, freshwater shrimp seedling 600, frog 200, river snail 120, river crab 160, flower, each 20 of Silver Carp, crawdad 10;
(3), bait throw in: the raw material of the following percentage by weight of proportioning: earthworm powder 9 jin, fish meal 20 jin, soyabean cake 45 jin, red dog flour 20 jin, fishing premix 1 jin, throw according to the proportional quantity in every mu of rice field 4 ㎏/sky;
(4), field management: Odontobutis obscura annual mixed breed number of times is identical with Rice Cropping number of times, is once or twice, and periphery, ditch is face of inclining, and angle of inclination is the inclined-plane of 45 °.
Above content is only to structure example of the present invention and explanation; affiliated those skilled in the art make various amendment to described specific embodiment or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute; only otherwise depart from the structure of invention or surmount this scope as defined in the claims, protection scope of the present invention all should be belonged to.

Claims (1)

1. an Odontobutis obscura freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method, is characterized in that, concrete grammar is as follows:
(1), farming site: organic water rice field surrounding arranges ditch, the dark 1.2m ~ 1.5m in described ditch, wide 3m ~ 5m, and place in described ditch and perch things concealed, the water of described cultivation need meet 2 class water standards;
(2), disease prevention and cure: use the one in quicklime and bleaching powder to carry out disinfection to ditch, disinfection cycle is 15 days ~ 20 days;
(3), the collocation of seed: the seed choosing following number ratio, Odontobutis obscura Parent Seedling: freshwater shrimp seedling: frog: river snail: river crab: flower, Silver Carp: crawdad is 45:15:5:3:4:1;
(4), bait throw in: the raw material of the following percentage by weight of proportioning: earthworm powder 5.5-9%, fish meal 16.5-25.5%, soyabean cake 33-51%, red dog flour 13.5-44%, fishing premix 1-1.5%, throw according to the proportional quantity in every mu of rice field 4 ㎏/sky;
(5), field management: Odontobutis obscura annual mixed breed number of times is identical with Rice Cropping number of times, is once or twice, and periphery, ditch is face of inclining, and angle of inclination is the inclined-plane of 45 °.
CN201510512321.4A 2015-08-19 2015-08-19 Odontobutis obscura and freshwater shrimp mixed culturing method Pending CN105104260A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510512321.4A CN105104260A (en) 2015-08-19 2015-08-19 Odontobutis obscura and freshwater shrimp mixed culturing method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510512321.4A CN105104260A (en) 2015-08-19 2015-08-19 Odontobutis obscura and freshwater shrimp mixed culturing method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105104260A true CN105104260A (en) 2015-12-02

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109042403A (en) * 2018-08-17 2018-12-21 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of Odontobutis obscura
CN111480541A (en) * 2020-04-24 2020-08-04 上海市农业科学院 Landscape type comprehensive planting and breeding method for rice field

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008193987A (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-28 Fisheries Research Agency Crustacean larva raising method
CN102726328A (en) * 2012-06-25 2012-10-17 句容市句容水库管理所 Method for breeding odontobutis obscura
CN102742739A (en) * 2012-06-25 2012-10-24 句容市句容水库管理所 Feed formula for odontobutis obscurus
CN102986569A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-03-27 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Culturing method for odontobutis obscuras
CN103385190A (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-11-13 句容市三岔蟹业专业合作社 Symbiotic cultivation method of odontobutis obscura, snails and river crabs
CN103891659A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-07-02 嘉善县净水渔业种苗基地(普通合伙) Method for breeding Odontobutis obscura through fish-rice symbiosis in pool
CN104396839A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-03-11 安徽裕农生态农业发展有限公司 Mixed cultivation method of odontobutis obscurus

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008193987A (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-28 Fisheries Research Agency Crustacean larva raising method
CN102726328A (en) * 2012-06-25 2012-10-17 句容市句容水库管理所 Method for breeding odontobutis obscura
CN102742739A (en) * 2012-06-25 2012-10-24 句容市句容水库管理所 Feed formula for odontobutis obscurus
CN102986569A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-03-27 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Culturing method for odontobutis obscuras
CN103385190A (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-11-13 句容市三岔蟹业专业合作社 Symbiotic cultivation method of odontobutis obscura, snails and river crabs
CN103891659A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-07-02 嘉善县净水渔业种苗基地(普通合伙) Method for breeding Odontobutis obscura through fish-rice symbiosis in pool
CN104396839A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-03-11 安徽裕农生态农业发展有限公司 Mixed cultivation method of odontobutis obscurus

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109042403A (en) * 2018-08-17 2018-12-21 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of Odontobutis obscura
CN111480541A (en) * 2020-04-24 2020-08-04 上海市农业科学院 Landscape type comprehensive planting and breeding method for rice field

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Application publication date: 20151202