CN104970264A - Mixed feed special for penaeus vannamei - Google Patents

Mixed feed special for penaeus vannamei Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104970264A
CN104970264A CN201510458109.4A CN201510458109A CN104970264A CN 104970264 A CN104970264 A CN 104970264A CN 201510458109 A CN201510458109 A CN 201510458109A CN 104970264 A CN104970264 A CN 104970264A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
penaeus vannamei
mixed feed
raw material
penaeus vannmei
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CN201510458109.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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韦金德
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Qinzhou City's Flats Of Qinzhou Harbor 72 River Rising In Ningxia And Flowing Into Central Shaanxi Fishery Cultivating Specialty Co-Operative Organization
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Qinzhou City's Flats Of Qinzhou Harbor 72 River Rising In Ningxia And Flowing Into Central Shaanxi Fishery Cultivating Specialty Co-Operative Organization
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Priority to CN201510458109.4A priority Critical patent/CN104970264A/en
Publication of CN104970264A publication Critical patent/CN104970264A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a feed for aquaculture, in particular to a mixed feed special for penaeus vannamei. The mixed feed is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 11-17 parts of fish bone meal, 12-19 parts of peanut meal, 11-16 parts of soybeans, 8-13 parts of oat, 2-6 parts of silkworm chrysalis meal, 5-9 parts of banana powder, 2-6 parts of walnut kernels, 6-11 parts of yeast, 3-7 parts of sesame seeds and 5-10 parts of traditional Chinese medicine additive. The raw materials used in the mixed feed special for the penaeus vannamei are natural and environment-friendly. The mixed feed is harmless to the penaeus vannamei and a human body, and with the adoption of the mixed feed, the growth of the penaeus vannamei can be promoted, the meat quality of the penaeus vannamei is improved, and the immunity and survival rate of the penaeus vannamei are improved.

Description

A kind of Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed
Technical field
The present invention relates to feed used for aquiculture, particularly a kind of Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed.
Background technology
Penaeus Vannmei (Litopenaeus vannamei) belongs to Penaeidae, formal name used at school Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, is one of three large kinds that world's shrimps in culture output is the highest.Penaeus Vannmei is individual large, and the thin body of shell is fertile, and dressing percentage is up to more than 65%, Fresh & Tender in Texture, delicious flavour, rich in protein, deeply welcomes by domestic and international market, has very high economic worth; Fast growth, can reach the specification of listing for 60 days; Nutritional need is low, resistance against diseases is strong, proper salinity level wide (0 ~ 45%), the multiple breeding way such as pure fresh water, brackish water and seawater can be adopted, all can grow from natural marine site to freshwater, not have region to limit to, also have high temperature resistant, the advantage that premunition is strong is the light foster fine quality of extra large shrimp, is very potential shrimps in culture.Based on These characteristics, Penaeus Vannmei to propagate artificially very extensive, be the pillar industry of China's sea-farming.Along with China's introducing a fine variety and reproductive success Penaeus Vannmei, cultivation scale constantly expands, prawn with other kinds is compared, and no matter requires and process the everyways such as dressing percentage have obvious advantage from cultivation density, survival ability, the speed of growth, water quality and bait.Present Penaeus Vannmei is just being cultivated by low-density and is developing to high-density breeding, and shrimps mainly rely on hand fit to expect as its source of nutrition, and quality of the fodder becomes more and more important, and general feed cost accounts for more than 50% of production cost.In nutritional need, Penaeus Vannmei studies many kinds, although done a large amount of research work, but Penaeus Vannmei still has a lot of essential nutrients to need quantitatively, and the data of most demand purifying feed of throwing something and feeding in laboratory obtains.Although achieve many progress in recent years, but the knowledge of nutritional requirement aspect is also perfect far away, in the required nutrients of prawn, the requirement of essential amino acid and mineral element is two important research field, interaction between the suitableeest addition of vitamin and various nutrients, needs further to go to inquire into.The research of the aspect such as relation, Environmental Factors nutritional requirements of nutrition and disease, should give enough attention.
In addition, in recent years due to the deterioration of breeding environment, cultivation density is more and more higher, causes Penaeus Vannmei easily ill, poor growth; And due to defects such as existing litopenaeus vannamei compound feed nutrition are unbalanced, attractant is poor, and not good at water stability, be also unfavorable for that Penaeus Vannmei is ingested fast and effectively, exacerbate poor growth further, premunition is weak and survival rate is low.Disease problem is hinder the 'bottleneck' restrictions of culture of Penaeus vannamei industry sustainable development all the time, particularly along with the fast development of culture of Penaeus vannamei and the raising of intensive culture degree, and adopt man-made feeds to feed, in breeding process, often occur the phenomenon of extensive explosive disease and large quantities of death, and tradition cannot satisfy the demands with the pest control method that antibiotic and chemicals are Main Means.Its reason is, a large amount of use antibiotic and chemicals, cause pathogen to develop immunity to drugs on the one hand, and prevention effect declines, and cost accounting significantly improves; On the other hand, due to the existence of medicament residue, directly affect the healthy of the consumer group and public security.Therefore, existing penaeus vannamei boone feed is difficult to the instructions for use meeting South America prawn, is unfavorable for the health of raising southern American white prawn industry, sustainable development.
Therefore, strengthen the research to Penaeus Vannmei prevention from suffering from the diseases technology, become one of key technology of the current culture of Penaeus vannamei industry sound development of China.Chinese medicine medical science belongs to the traditional medicine of China, is strengthened the immunity function of aquatic livestock by the use of Chinese herbal medicine, and the incidence of disease of reduction aquatic livestock becomes study hotspot in recent years.Chinese herbal medicine as disease prevention and cure medicine or feed addictive or use it in the production of prawn mixed feed, be particularly useful for that current aquatic products industry is intensive, the needs of large-scale production, be convenient to the colony's control carrying out high-density breeding Penaeus Vannmei disease.Chinese herbal medicine has advantages such as remaining less, pathogenic bacteria not easily develop immunity to drugs, its effect not only has directly suppression and killing action for pathogenic microorganisms itself, the more important thing is and object-immunity system of feeding is adjusted, improve immunity function and the anti-stress ability of feeding animals, medicinal herb components is made into feed addictive, meets the nuisanceless aquatic products industry of development completely for preventing and treating the disease easily occurred in culture of Penaeus vannamei, producing the disease control criterion of green aquatic product.In addition, in Chinese herbal medicine, the Chinese has multiple nutritional components and bioactivator, selects suitable herbal variety to play and promotes Penaeus Vannmei to grow and improve the technique effect of prawn quality.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed, raw material natural environmental-protective used, and this mixed feed is to Penaeus Vannmei and body harmless, promote the growth of Penaeus Vannmei, improve its meat, improve its immunity, improve survival rate.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fishbone dust 11 ~ 17 parts, peanut meal 12 ~ 19 parts, soya bean 11 ~ 16 parts, oat 8 ~ 13 parts, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 2 ~ 6 parts, banaina 5 ~ 9 parts, walnut kernel 2 ~ 6 parts, 6 ~ 11 parts, yeast, sesame 3 ~ 7 parts, Chinese medicine additive 5 ~ 10 parts.
Chinese medicine additive of the present invention, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion:
Semen Lablab Album 20 ~ 40 parts, honeysuckle 10 ~ 20 parts, the membrane of a chicken's gizzard 20 ~ 30 parts, Jasmine 20 ~ 30 parts, 50 ~ 90 parts, lotus leaf, 10 ~ 20 parts, mushroom.
In Chinese medicine additive raw material:
French beans are the dry mature seed of pulse family Dolichos plant French beans Dolichos lablab L..Nature and flavor: sweet, tepor.
Honeysuckle, the flower that dry flower or band for caprifoliaceae plant honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Thunb., lonicera hypoglauca miq Lonicera hypoglauca Miq., Honeysuckle flower (hair calyx honeysuckle) Lonicera confusa DC. or hair style honeysuckle Lonicera dasystyla Rehd. are just opened.Nature and flavor: sweet, cold.
The membrane of a chicken's gizzard is the dry inner wall of sandbag of Phasianidae animal man chicken Gallus gallus domesticus Brisson.Nature and flavor: sweet are flat.
Jasmine is the flower of Oleaceae plants jasmine.Nature and flavor: Xin Gan, temperature.
Lotus leaf is the dry leaf of nymphaeaceae plant lotus Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn..Nature and flavor: bitter are flat.
Mushroom, Mycophyta Basidiomycetes Agaricales Agaricaceae mushroom Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Sing, is used as medicine with fructification.Nature and flavor: sweet are flat.
Preferably, Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed of the present invention, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fishbone dust 14 parts, peanut meal 15 parts, soya bean 13 parts, oat 10 parts, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 4 parts, banaina 7 parts, walnut kernel 4 parts, 8 parts, yeast, sesame 5 parts, Chinese medicine additive 8 parts.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1, pulp furnish is scientific and reasonable, and nutrient inventory is just right, while meeting the demand of Penaeus Vannmei, can save bait, saves bait 38 ~ 43%.
2, the Chinese medicine additive added can improve the immunity of Penaeus Vannmei, and in control breeding process, the generation of disease, improves survival rate to 93% ~ 96%; There is attractant, strengthen food-intake, promote the growth of Penaeus Vannmei, improve the quality of Penaeus Vannmei under high-density breeding condition; It also can avoid antibiotic abuse simultaneously, is conducive to the sound development of culture fishery; Improve main delicate flavour material imp content in muscle, improve local flavor; Muscle tastes good mouthfeel, and hardness increases.
3, in raw material, amino acid whose ratio is suitable for, and the whole amino acid contained can both be made full use of by Penaeus Vannmei, do not exist because a certain amino acid ratio is too much or very few and affect another kind of amino acid whose utilization, significantly improve the value of raw material.
4, the banaina added in raw material and other material combination can either meet whole vitamin of Penaeus Vannmei and the demand of trace mineral element, and cost is lower, can also ensure that shrimp body is healthy.
5, the conversion ratio of mixed feed is high, pure natural, and environmental protection is nuisanceless, pollution-free.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
Embodiment 1
A kind of Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fishbone dust 11 parts, peanut meal 19 parts, soya bean 11 parts, oat 8 parts, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 6 parts, banaina 5 parts, walnut kernel 2 parts, 11 parts, yeast, sesame 7 parts, Chinese medicine additive 10 parts.
Wherein said Chinese medicine additive, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: Semen Lablab Album 40 parts, honeysuckle 20 parts, the membrane of a chicken's gizzard 30 parts, Jasmine 20 parts, 50 parts, lotus leaf, 20 parts, mushroom.
The preparation method of described Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed is: take raw material by proportional quantity, whole raw meal is broken to 100 orders, mixes, and extruding is granulated, and particle diameter is 1.1mm, puts in baking oven and dries after 80 DEG C of slaking 60min, and pack, obtains product.
Embodiment 2
A kind of Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fishbone dust 12 parts, peanut meal 17 parts, soya bean 12 parts, oat 9 parts, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 5 parts, banaina 6 parts, walnut kernel 3 parts, 10 parts, yeast, sesame 6 parts, Chinese medicine additive 9 parts.
Wherein said Chinese medicine additive, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: Semen Lablab Album 35 parts, honeysuckle 18 parts, the membrane of a chicken's gizzard 28 parts, Jasmine 23 parts, 60 parts, lotus leaf, 18 parts, mushroom.
The preparation method of described Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed is: take raw material by proportional quantity, whole raw meal is broken to 130 orders, mixes, and extruding is granulated, and particle diameter is 1.2mm, puts in baking oven and dries after 81 DEG C of slaking 55min, and pack, obtains product.
Embodiment 3
A kind of Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fishbone dust 14 parts, peanut meal 15 parts, soya bean 13 parts, oat 10 parts, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 4 parts, banaina 7 parts, walnut kernel 4 parts, 8 parts, yeast, sesame 5 parts, Chinese medicine additive 8 parts.
Wherein said Chinese medicine additive, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: Semen Lablab Album 30 parts, honeysuckle 15 parts, the membrane of a chicken's gizzard 25 parts, Jasmine 25 parts, 70 parts, lotus leaf, 15 parts, mushroom.
The preparation method of described Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed is: take raw material by proportional quantity, whole raw meal is broken to 150 orders, mixes, and extruding is granulated, and particle diameter is 1.4mm, puts in baking oven and dries after 83 DEG C of slaking 55min, and pack, obtains product.
Embodiment 4
A kind of Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fishbone dust 15 parts, peanut meal 13 parts, soya bean 15 parts, oat 12 parts, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 3 parts, banaina 8 parts, walnut kernel 5 parts, 7 parts, yeast, sesame 4 parts, Chinese medicine additive 7 parts.
Wherein said Chinese medicine additive, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: Semen Lablab Album 25 parts, honeysuckle 13 parts, the membrane of a chicken's gizzard 23 parts, Jasmine 28 parts, 80 parts, lotus leaf, 13 parts, mushroom.
The preparation method of described Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed is: take raw material by proportional quantity, whole raw meal is broken to 180 orders, mixes, and extruding is granulated, and particle diameter is 1.5mm, puts in baking oven and dries after 84 DEG C of slaking 50min, and pack, obtains product.
Embodiment 5
A kind of Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fishbone dust 17 parts, peanut meal 12 parts, soya bean 16 parts, oat 13 parts, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 2 parts, banaina 9 parts, walnut kernel 6 parts, 6 parts, yeast, sesame 3 parts, Chinese medicine additive 5 parts.
Wherein said Chinese medicine additive, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: Semen Lablab Album 20 parts, honeysuckle 10 parts, the membrane of a chicken's gizzard 20 parts, Jasmine 30 parts, 90 parts, lotus leaf, 10 parts, mushroom.
The preparation method of described Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed is: take raw material by proportional quantity, whole raw meal is broken to 200 orders, mixes, and extruding is granulated, and particle diameter is 1.6mm, puts in baking oven and dries after 85 DEG C of slaking 50min, and pack, obtains product.

Claims (2)

1. a Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed, is characterized in that, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:
Fishbone dust 11 ~ 17 parts, peanut meal 12 ~ 19 parts, soya bean 11 ~ 16 parts, oat 8 ~ 13 parts, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 2 ~ 6 parts, banaina 5 ~ 9 parts, walnut kernel 2 ~ 6 parts, 6 ~ 11 parts, yeast, sesame 3 ~ 7 parts, Chinese medicine additive 5 ~ 10 parts;
Described Chinese medicine additive, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion:
Semen Lablab Album 20 ~ 40 parts, honeysuckle 10 ~ 20 parts, the membrane of a chicken's gizzard 20 ~ 30 parts, Jasmine 20 ~ 30 parts, 50 ~ 90 parts, lotus leaf, 10 ~ 20 parts, mushroom.
2. Penaeus Vannmei special compound feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:
Fishbone dust 14 parts, peanut meal 15 parts, soya bean 13 parts, oat 10 parts, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 4 parts, banaina 7 parts, walnut kernel 4 parts, 8 parts, yeast, sesame 5 parts, Chinese medicine additive 8 parts.
CN201510458109.4A 2015-07-30 2015-07-30 Mixed feed special for penaeus vannamei Pending CN104970264A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106306368A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 Special feed for South American white shrimps
CN106306559A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 Special feed formula for South American white shrimps
CN107173633A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-09-19 磐安富晟食品科技有限公司 Culture of Penaeus vannamei feed
CN109007289A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-18 徐州三维饲料有限公司 A kind of cultivation fish expanding compound feed
WO2019144554A1 (en) * 2018-01-29 2019-08-01 广东联鲲集团有限公司 Premix for litopenaeus vannamei and preparation method therefor

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101233903A (en) * 2008-02-28 2008-08-06 吴江市邦农饲料有限公司 Fodder for cultivating southern American white prawn
CN101433289A (en) * 2008-12-26 2009-05-20 福建大昌生物科技实业有限公司 Chinese herbal medicine immunity enhancement type compound feed for Litopenaeus vannamei
CN102265963A (en) * 2010-06-04 2011-12-07 蔡可军 Preparation method of bait of freshwater white pomfret
CN103583803A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-02-19 蚌埠市丰牧牛羊肉制品有限责任公司 Feed for penaeus vannamei at shelling period and preparation method thereof
CN104522302A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-22 厦门鸿洁环境科技有限公司 Composition with immunization-enhancing or prevention effect on white spot syndrome and application thereof
TW201524369A (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-07-01 Univ Nat Pingtung Sci & Tech A usage of an extract of banana peel for boosting immunity of shrimps

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101233903A (en) * 2008-02-28 2008-08-06 吴江市邦农饲料有限公司 Fodder for cultivating southern American white prawn
CN101433289A (en) * 2008-12-26 2009-05-20 福建大昌生物科技实业有限公司 Chinese herbal medicine immunity enhancement type compound feed for Litopenaeus vannamei
CN102265963A (en) * 2010-06-04 2011-12-07 蔡可军 Preparation method of bait of freshwater white pomfret
CN103583803A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-02-19 蚌埠市丰牧牛羊肉制品有限责任公司 Feed for penaeus vannamei at shelling period and preparation method thereof
TW201524369A (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-07-01 Univ Nat Pingtung Sci & Tech A usage of an extract of banana peel for boosting immunity of shrimps
CN104522302A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-22 厦门鸿洁环境科技有限公司 Composition with immunization-enhancing or prevention effect on white spot syndrome and application thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106306368A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 Special feed for South American white shrimps
CN106306559A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 Special feed formula for South American white shrimps
CN107173633A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-09-19 磐安富晟食品科技有限公司 Culture of Penaeus vannamei feed
WO2019144554A1 (en) * 2018-01-29 2019-08-01 广东联鲲集团有限公司 Premix for litopenaeus vannamei and preparation method therefor
CN109007289A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-18 徐州三维饲料有限公司 A kind of cultivation fish expanding compound feed

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