CN105103861A - Integrated comprehensive innovative technology for sweet potato sprout cultivation and planting - Google Patents

Integrated comprehensive innovative technology for sweet potato sprout cultivation and planting Download PDF

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CN105103861A
CN105103861A CN201510504218.5A CN201510504218A CN105103861A CN 105103861 A CN105103861 A CN 105103861A CN 201510504218 A CN201510504218 A CN 201510504218A CN 105103861 A CN105103861 A CN 105103861A
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potato
ipomoea batatas
climing
seedling
sweet potato
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陈胜民
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention discloses an integrated comprehensive innovative technology for sweet potato sprout cultivation and planting, which is a technical method of thoroughly changing sweet potato sprout cultivation and planting by making full use of the physical substitutive characteristics of bionts and comprehensively using the capability functions of all the parts of a sweet potato. Block sprouts of the sweet potato are changed into trailing sprouts of sweet potato vines, so that the quality of sweet potato seedlings leaps to a brand-new level; therefore, giant economical benefits are brought to both greenhouse seedling cultivation farmers and sweet potato seedling farmers at large, and social benefit of health is brought to sweet potato eaters in urban and rural areas. The integrated comprehensive innovative technology is a pure natural organic green seedling cultivation method. A new way of eternally keeping the high-quality and the variety of original species of sweet potatoes is developed; a scientific and technological road for developing agriculture, benefiting and reinforcing peasants in a natural organic green high-yield efficient way is opened up.

Description

Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology
Technical field
Plantation Ipomoea batatas is all divided into two kinds sooner or later every year: the first tenday period of a month in annual mid-April to May early, at this moment time is spring, the potato so troat, the spring Ipomoea batatas rice shoot of potato plantation only has one, be all the previous year kind Ipomoea batatas block be stored into spring, first Ipomoea batatas block is planted on the heated kang of seedling, soil in training, spray water, cover cotton-wadded quilt or grass by shirt, insulation, to make a fire increase temperature, and temperature is controlled to be suitable for, be generally 16-28 DEG C, impel potato block germinating growth, by the time bud seedling grows to a certain degree, when generally having six expanded leaves, bud seedling can be dialled down, plantation is rising on the ridge on ridge in advance, evening potato generally 15 days of June to July 5, at this moment arrived summertime, so be its summer potato.Again because its potato seedling many employings spring potato is climing do seedling, so be also climing sub-potato.During plantation summer potato, have two potato seed seedlings can for selecting, a kind of people of being plant the sweet potato vine that spring potato is finally left, and are also a heatable brick bed bottom, and it is the last the latest bud seedling of potato block bud seedling.Also have that a kind of to be exactly that the Ipomoea batatas that grows from spring potato is the earliest climing cut several, and then be cut into sectional, general three leaf segments are advisable to six leaf segments, because have two potato seed seedlings to select during plantation summer potato, people naturally can compare the good of this two potato seeds rice shoot and rely, not only thin but also little from outward appearance Ipomoea batatas block bud seedling seedling sprout, blade is not sturdy (namely the Ipomoea batatas seedling sprout of a heatable brick bed bottom) also, the raw climing seedling sprout grown of spring potato is not only thick but also strong, blade is loose, and also than the sturdy several times of rice shoot that Ipomoea batatas block germinates, the even sturdy weight had arrives ten times, if this two potato seeds rice shoot is planted in the ground simultaneously, we can find again by the Ipomoea batatas survival rate of the Ipomoea batatas climing section of being cut into plantation too high, can reach absolutely, fast germination of taking root is fast, growth is fast, drought resisting, it is very strong to combat a natural disaster diseases and insect pests resistance, like knot potato, tie many, that ties is large, output is high, easy high yield, good harvest.So people also more adopt the climing seedling plantation of potato in early spring, last year, June 25, I just adopted climing seedling to plant some Ipomoea batatas, and long is fine, and do not have special training orientation mistake, just only grown the time of four months, some individual plants have been grown more than eight jin.And germinate with potato block that it is not just sturdy like this for the bud seedling that grows, survival rate is also lower, and germinateing, it is slow to take root, and drought resisting is combated a natural disaster, and diseases and insect pests resistance is poor, ties potato output all less than the Ipomoea batatas doing sweet potato vine kind by the climing section of cutting of Ipomoea batatas, and this is a well known fact.Overall measurement, the two respectively has pluses and minuses, first be store with Ipomoea batatas block the morning that the great advantage of doing rice shoot of germinateing is sweet potato vine maturation, the morning of getting off, Ipomoea batatas can be made to cultivate advance to the April (if April is upper, the middle ten days cultivates in October, the last ten-days period results), Ipomoea batatas can be made to extend to seven to seven first quarter moons vegetative period, this be Ipomoea batatas volume increase high yield lay a good foundation.Also be the prerequisite of high yield volume increase; Shortcoming be time-consuming, take a lot of work, take Ipomoea batatas kind block, take carrying cost, waste a lot of fresh sweet potatoes, cost is high.Rice shoot is small and weak, if do sweet potato vine plantation advantage with spring potato plantation Ipomoea batatas early being cut a part of climing son be: rice shoot is sturdy, and survival rate is high, and germinate fast, growth is fast, and drought resisting, disease and insect resistance performance is strong.Save fresh sweet potatoes, long Ipomoea batatas is many, increasing both production and income.Shortcoming is: evening time of rice shoot maturation, can only be in June, the first tenday period of a month in the last ten-days period to July cultivation, this is more late than spring planting potato two wheat harvesting periods, this is again a fatal shortcoming improving output, and cut a part of climing son from the spring potato of early plantation, also make spring potato be subject to certain damage, high yield is under some influence.How solving sweet potato grower to plant spring potato the climing seedling of sturdy strong Ipomoea batatas can be had to be the key technology improving Ipomoea batatas yield and quality, is also the key issue significantly improving sweet potato grower's income.How neither could waste fresh sweet potatoes, what the quality that can improve again Ipomoea batatas rice shoot turned waste into wealth more can make the sweet potato production increasing high yield of planting be that I researches and develops the target of pursuing always.Remember that the chances are in 1958! In village, collective raises pigs, and has on the ground built piggery at the foundations of my family, in order to store feed to pig, dig dell autumn is gathered in the crops after Ipomoea batatas climingly cut up with a hay cutter into sectional being placed in hole and bury, dig spring to feed pigs.About nineteen sixty, the piggery in village has been dismissed.Given back us again, spring, I am when smooth foundations ground foundations, chance on and to also have a lot of one section one section fresh and alive Ipomoea batatas climing in hole, and this has sent out one how to store the climing idea doing kind of rice shoot to spring of Ipomoea batatas of preserving autumn my illiteracy inwardly.At that time, I dug a rectangle degree of depth at the clamp of two meters at imagination, and rectangular mouth covers glass transmission, not only insulation but also can shine sunlight, and root climing for Ipomoea batatas is embedded in the soil at the bottom of clamp, allowed Ipomoea batatas is climing can see sunlight.Or by climing for Ipomoea batatas storage, be kept at Second Year in clamp and be cut into sectional plantation Ipomoea batatas climing for these potatos again spring.There is no green house at that time at all.But, at that time due to I be to study in middle school, the student of senior middle school, participated in again work Jin Liao factory afterwards, also just delayed this cross-centennial research engineering always.
Background technology
In the time of nearest decades, China is large there occurs earth-shaking great change on the ground.People utilize green house to plant various vegetable and fruit in the winter of cold and obtain very large economic benefit.This makes my idea proceed to and plant Ipomoea batatas seedling in green house, September, the Caspian Sea choosing of October from spring potato ground preferably the most sturdy the strongst Ipomoea batatas climing do sweet potato vine kind the good ridge green house in, cultivation technology with common species Ipomoea batatas be the same substantially, dense planting that can be suitable some.By the time Second Year first plants Ipomoea batatas climing for Ipomoea batatas major part of cutting to do sweet potato vine spring.This not only makes the time advance of plantation Ipomoea batatas two, three months, and improves the quality that improve sweet potato vine.Make sweet potato vine not only thick but also strong, solving spring planting potato can not by the climing difficult problem doing sweet potato vine of Ipomoea batatas.People often say! Female large youngster is fertile, the kind only made good use of, sturdy sweet potato vine, just can make Ipomoea batatas high yield high yield.In addition, the time of plantation also can shift to an earlier date two wheat harvesting periods.This lays a good foundation with regard to high-quality of achieving higher output for Ipomoea batatas.Like this one batch one batch cut that Ipomoea batatas is climing sells sweet potato vine, sell for the beginning of July at the bottom of June, this Ipomoea batatas finishing our seedling plantation also grown seven, eight months spring planting potato, the potato block of Ipomoea batatas is also long very large, just start in June, July to dig Ipomoea batatas, sell fresh sweet potatoes block, at this moment again at a time when Ipomoea batatas is short of food before the new harvest, in the dull season that Ipomoea batatas is rare, take out fresh sweet potatoes to fetch a good price.The price high benefit so not only making Ipomoea batatas sell is high, and the sweet potato vine sold is also many, and price is high again, and economic benefit is better high.And this is only the economic benefit for greenhouse Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation, plays the users that adopt this sweet potato vine kind Ipomoea batatas in addition of larger economic benefit.Their sweet potato vine is not only thick but also strong; several times more sturdy than the bud seedling of potato block; even can reach ten times big; germinate fast; take root fast, survival rate is almost absolutely, drought resisting, combats a natural disaster; disease and insect resistance is very strong; the morning of plantation, the time of growth is long, and long potato is many; output is high; quality is high, and make the varieties and characteristics of Ipomoea batatas remain unchanged different, do not degenerate, forever remain the genuineness of Ipomoea batatas; be the good method of a kind of will never fade original seed breeding heredity continuity, open the new way of a protection Ipomoea batatas original seed breeding.Under existing technical conditions, comprise some scientific research institutions and all substantially adopt traditional method of raising seedling, the Ipomoea batatas block that autumn gathers in the crops being stored Second Year by the time (had better adopt the potato block of summer potato more better the early spring, because the summer germination rate of potato block is higher) the Ipomoea batatas block plantation chosen is heated in green house or on the Ipomoea batatas a heatable brick bed of farmers''s seedling or the sun irradiates naturally, impel potato block to germinate and grow seedling, after growing to certain altitude maturation Deng seedling, be generally six to seven expanded leaves and be advisable.Pull up seedling to do the plantation of Ipomoea batatas rice shoot on whole good ridge, autumn can gather in the crops.
Summary of the invention
I thinks Ipomoea batatas greenhouse rice nursery plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology, is most natural green organic Ipomoea batatas high-yield and high-efficiency new way of producing at present.It need not use chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals.It is the natural physical attribute utilizing Ipomoea batatas, and the quality improving Ipomoea batatas potato seed rice shoot reaches the new and innovative ways of volume increase good harvest.Ipomoea batatas is the first health food in human food, and its extremely well-adapted is almost do not select soil, even the soil that special ridge is thin, it is also applicable to the growth of Ipomoea batatas.Ipomoea batatas greenhouse rice nursery plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology and adopt this potato seed seedling kind Ipomoea batatas to be the road of science and technology of volume increase rich peasant.The vegetable melon and fruit of planting out in green house is not only fresh but also rare, and certain price is high, and economic benefit is also very high, and planting Ipomoea batatas also has good economic benefit certainly.And we are not also single plantation Ipomoea batatas, seedling that neither be single, I is seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology, and plantation is placed on second.The heaviest first is placed on cultivating not only thick but also strong Ipomoea batatas rice shoot.Custom people traditionally abandon as feed fertilizer refuse climing for Ipomoea batatas, and we really become it into top quality Ipomoea batatas kind rice shoot, and the whole body of Ipomoea batatas is all become treasure.Ipomoea batatas is very long crops in north vegetative period.Spring potato be annual April early and middle ten days plant to the middle ten days and the last ten days in May.The middle ten days and the last ten days in October gathers in the crops.It passes summer across spring and autumn.Vegetative period is the longest for 7 months.And the direct restricted influence of length in Ipomoea batatas vegetative period output and quality and the taste of Ipomoea batatas.In green house, use sufficient organic base fertilizer, before plantation, deep ploughing is loosened the soil, Root growth, for growth of sweet potato builds deep loose soil condition.Deep plough more than 20 centimetres, ridging height 20-30 centimetre, row spacing 50-80 centimetre.Follow " the fat ridge of zanjon, surface planting is filled with less " principle.Treat that spring potato grows into nine, the October time, at this moment spring kind potato morning grown the time of five, six months, near maturation time, every Ipomoea batatas has been tied and has expired plentiful potato block, the climing also growing way of potato is plentiful sturdy, it is thick that some diameters even can reach 5-10 millimeter, its climing upper, leaf stored and has enriched plentiful nutrition, wanted seemingly to contend with severe winter on the horizon.If you will examine, you will find that the climing middle part of potato is to the climing top well long large section of potato, and climing bottom each petiole has grown sturdy tender shoots.This illustrates the powerful of life and the serious hope to own growth.It also has powerful vitality, and only God brings bad luck to it.If these are had powerful vitality by us bred the plantation of the potato of sturdy tender shoots climing potato point in suitable green house, he will take advantage of a favourable situation growth.Nine, the October is the period of great prosperity of Ipomoea batatas growth, that selects in the Caspian Sea, Ipomoea batatas ground is preferred, selects growing way the most sturdy, the strongst, without damage by disease and insect, long climing section of having greenery sheet in middle and upper part that potato that young shoot is sturdy is climing, do not select yellow leaf or fallen leaves climing section as rice shoot.Climing top section of potato is best, and its vitality is more powerful.3-6 leaf segment is cut into sectional, and top section of leaf segment can be some more.This sectional kind of rice shoot plantation on the ridge of green house of playing good ridge.The degree of depth is 5-7 centimetre, be advisable for spacing in the rows 20-30 centimetre, temperature will control to be beneficial to growing of Ipomoea batatas between 15 DEG C-26 DEG C, arrive the April in the spring of Second Year to May, Ipomoea batatas is time of six, seven wheat harvesting periods green house borough chief, Ipomoea batatas block has expanded plentiful maturation, and climing also long very luxuriant of potato, what have even grows to two, three meters long.This time, four of spring, the May, plant the inning of spring potato just, at this moment just first can cut several climing for strong Ipomoea batatas good for growing way, the climing intensive place of potato can cut several more, climing for the potato sheared off 3-6 leaf segment is cut into sectional, top leaf segment is some more, because its leaf segment is apart from little, the top rice shoot that does more easily survives, growing way is also strengthened soon, also, is the potato rice shoot of very high-quality.The temperature of April has reached 14 DEG C, 15 DEG C, just can plant Ipomoea batatas as long as no frost.Plant Ipomoea batatas spring because adopt the climing seedling of Ipomoea batatas that green house is educated, it grown the time of seven, eight, nine months, and kind seedling seedling is experienced sturdy, and grow vigorous, every potato grown is climing many, and potato is climing sturdy, and knot potato is many.So all will consider when planting high for row spacing ridge, the corresponding increasing of spacing in the rows wholely.Deep plough and loosen the soil more than 20 centimetres, ridging height 20-30 centimetre, row spacing 60-90 centimetre.Spacing in the rows 30-45 centimetre.From the first tenday period of a month in April, two, three strong climing seedlings doing spring potato of potato can be cut on every Ipomoea batatas at every turn.Just can cut once every a week to ten day, until the first tenday period of a month in July.Altogether can cut eight, nine times.The beginning of July at the bottom of June.Ipomoea batatas in green house grows the time of ten months, and Ipomoea batatas block has expanded plentiful maturation.Just should dig Ipomoea batatas and receive Ipomoea batatas.At this moment be also Ipomoea batatas gap between generations in 1 year, time Ipomoea batatas is the shortest, at this moment the lower Ipomoea batatas of plane goes on the market and sells, and meeting price is very high naturally.Present people prefer to eat purple potato, we just annual Ipomoea batatas the shortest six, the July sells purple potato block, price general charged 2-3 unit/jin is unchallenged.When carrying out breeding in green house, row spacing 50-80 centimetre, spacing in the rows 30 centimetres, seedling can plant 3159 for every mu, and on average every knot purple potato 2 jin, just can gather in the crops purple potato 6318 jin, if purple potato per jin 2.5 yuan.The purple potato of results can be worth 15895 yuan, and every purple potato can grow eight, nine potatos climing to tens potatos climing come, average more than 1.5 meters of climing length, 25 centimetres can be cut into one section of potato seedling, every purple potato can produce potato seedling more than 50, every mu can be produced potato seedling 157950 potato seedlings, every purple potato seedling 0.3 yuan calculates, the potato seedling of every mu can sell 47385 yuan, add the purple potato price of production, the income of every mu of Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology can reach 64280 yuan, and this can be described as very considerable economic benefit.But this is not final basic goal of the present invention.My object wants to cultivate the strongst not only thick but also strong high-quality potato rice shoot, for Ipomoea batatas breeding, raising seedling opens up a new approaches and methods, makes Ipomoea batatas rice shoot bring up to one and upgrade higher level.For spring planting potato provides better more sturdy potato seedling.For spring potato plant development mass more GOOD TASTE quality higher yield jump onto a new step.Do not lean on agricultural chemicals to fertilize, not by graft hybridization method.But the road utilizing the technical characteristic of biology self to create the science and technology of a pollution-free nuisanceless pure natural high yield rich peasant of green organic is come.Allow peasant be benefited, allow the people of the whole society be benefited.Ipomoea batatas greenhouse rice nursery plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology due to us is employing nine, October Ipomoea batatas growth the most vigorous period of great prosperity at the very start, and what select is that the climing potato seedling kind that is used as of the strongst the most sturdy potato is in green house.What have is even thick 10 millimeters, and in certain green house, the Ipomoea batatas of breeding is also very sturdy very strong undoubtedly.What the climing seedling of Ipomoea batatas adopting Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology to bring out in green house had slightly reaches eight, nine millimeters even ten millimeters.And just only have 2-3 millimeter with the bud seedling that fresh potato block brings out.This is just strongr than whom with an infant the spitting image of a healthy and strong a middle-aged person.Its sectional area weight is exactly 10 times of bud rice shoot.As a man sows, so he shall reap, and female large youngster is fertile, and female large youngster strengthens.Potato block bud seedling output increased about the 30-40% that the climing seedling of Ipomoea batatas brought out by the spring potato green house Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology comparing spring is brought out than spring potato conventional method.The potato bud seedling kind in spring of cultivating with traditional seedling in the ground, gather in the crops by autumn, per mu yield purple potato 5000-6000 jin; Adopt the climing potato seedling that does of potato of Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology to use same ground, the same management, same time results, the purple potato 7000 jin-9000 jin of per mu yield with green house simultaneously.Every mu can be increased production purple potato 2000 jin-3000 jin.One mu of green house can plant 3159 purple potatos, every purple potato can tie purple potato about 2 jin, every purple potato can give birth to eight again, nine purple potatos are climing, every root average length is at about 1.5 meters, the potato of every 25 centimeter length is climing just can be cut into one section becomes a purple potato rice shoot, one mu of green house purple potato seedling of educating just can output five, the purple potato seedling on 60 mu of ground comes, because this potato seed seedling itself is not only thick but also strong, every mu can be increased production 2000 jin to 3000 jin, if purple potato per jin is worth 2 yuan, every mu can increase income two, three is very heavy, five, 60 mu of purple potatos just can increase production 100,000 jin-18 ten thousand jin, five, 60 mu of purple potatos just can increase income the economic benefit of 200,000 yuan more than-30 ten thousand yuan.Also have a deeper benefit to be exactly the method adopting this seedling, Ipomoea batatas can only be hereditary, and can not make a variation can not the degeneration of quality and yield.Because traditional plantation seedling heredity all from one generation to the next.It is namely climing by spring potato that------------------------planting climing,---long climing knot potato---stores summer potato block---to the long climing knot potato of spring potato bud seedling to winter storage summer potato potato block to raw climing knot potato to plantation summer potato to cut spring potato climing to pull out bud rice shoot kind spring potato to plant summer potato block germinating growth the early spring ... this is a process infinitely repeated.And our technical scheme is: namely cut the climing plantation of spring potato,---long potato is raw climing, and------process of the raw climing infinite increase of potato tied by long potato raw climing---cutting climing plantation---to cut climing plantation.If infinite the continuing that it is such, it is actually the climing indefinite extension of an Ipomoea batatas, so it can not be degenerated, it can not make a variation, and it only has the feature of unlimited hereditary itself, and unlimited growth is gone down.This has started a new approach to the character that the characteristic of each kind of Ipomoea batatas remains it forever.There is the meaning of great milestone.This is just the spitting image of plantation willow, pomegranate tree is the same, we cut down the branch of willow or trunk come, be embedded in and plant in the ground in soil that it will root, it just grows up to towering tree, if you also think kind of a willow to spend the upper more than ten years, you and that original large willow can cut down some branches simultaneously on this new large willow or trunk is planted in the ground more once, their nature and characteristic is duplicate, because they are one trees, or perhaps the prolongation of a willow branch.Pomegranate tree is also like this, and we are embedded in its branch in soil and wait it to give birth to root, and just branch is cut down and transplant in the ground, in a few years it also may have grown into one and the identical pomegranate tree of large pomegranate tree nature and characteristic.Ipomoea batatas is also the same, only trees fruit tree they are woody plants for many years, Ipomoea batatas is then annual herbaceous plant.From now on, we continue to adopt continuously green house carry out Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology all can eight, nine, October mass-election preferably selects the climing potato seedling that does of the most sturdy the strongst spring potato, forever taken leave of with the history of potato block bud seedling plantation Ipomoea batatas.
1. Ipomoea batatas greenhouse rice nursery plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology is a most economical technical scheme turned waste into wealth, nine, the October is the period of great prosperity of Ipomoea batatas growth, also it is the nearly maturing stage of Ipomoea batatas growth, at this moment Ipomoea batatas has tied completely plentiful and substantial potato block, it is the potato climing the most luxuriant the most sturdy period of great prosperity, abundant nutrition is stored on potato is climing, petiole climing on grown sturdy tender shoots, climing diameter even can reach 10 millimeters, adopt much strongr than the bud seedling of 2-3 millimeter of potato seedling sturdy like this, large many, female large youngster is fertile, and female strong youngster strengthens.This increases income with regard to the high yield can cultivating high-quality good potato seedling and Ipomoea batatas for Ipomoea batatas greenhouse rice nursery plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology and lays a good foundation.Nine, time the October is Ipomoea batatas maturation, received sweet potato climing can only make feed or make green manure use, the purposes that it is too not large, so it is a method turned waste into wealth, potato seedling does not spend red cent just can obtain high-quality Ipomoea batatas rice shoot.Save the expense storing potato block and buy potato block kind.
2, utilize Ipomoea batatas greenhouse rice nursery to plant the problem not having the sweet potato vine of not only thick but also strong high-quality, high-quality when integrated synthesis innovative technology solves spring planting potato, it is advanced by two or three months the climing seedling of Ipomoea batatas, for the good harvest in autumn of spring potato is laid a good foundation.The potato seedling guarantee sweet potato production increasing good harvest only had, it can make spring potato every mu increase production 2000 jin to about 3000 jin, the potato seedling of every mu of green house cultivation can for the plantation of 50-60 mu spring potato, the spring sweet potato production increasing of the sweet potato vine 50-60 mu that it provides 100,000 jin-18 ten thousand jin, can increase economic benefit 200,000 more than-30 ten thousand yuan of economic interests.
3, utilizing Ipomoea batatas seedling to plant integrated synthesis innovative technology seedling plantation Ipomoea batatas in greenhouse can make you obtain the economic benefit of every mu of income five to eight ten thousand yuan.It has great economic benefit and great social benefit.The quality of spring potato rice shoot is made to bring up to a brand-new level.Because the not only thick but also strong survival rate of sweet potato vine is high, be almost absolutely survive, drought resisting, combat a natural disaster, disease and insect resistance performance is strong, take root fast, germinate fast, germinate strong, growth is fast, like that knot potato, knot potato are many, improves Ipomoea batatas output 30-40%.
4, Ipomoea batatas greenhouse rice nursery plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology opens the road that is walked the science and technology of the rich peasant Qiang Min of pure natural organic green non-pollution high-quality high yield.It by with chemical fertilizer, not by with agricultural chemicals, does not pollute, there is no public hazards, utilize the biophysical properties of Ipomoea batatas self, change traditional seedling implantation methods, improve the yield and quality taste of Ipomoea batatas, it is the free of contamination pollution-free food of pure organic natural nuisance-free, healthy food.So, say that it is that the people's livelihood engineering that strong people enrich people also is not more.
5, Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology, it carries out being different with traditional seedling, plantation separation, traditional all: potato seed block → germinating growth → pull out bud rice shoot kind spring potato → cut climing kind of summer potato → long potato is raw climing → process from one generation to the next of potato block storage → potato seed block → seedling.Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology is then: potato seed block → germinating growth → kind of spring potato → long potato is raw climing → (nine, October) → cut climing potato seed → long potato raw climing → cut climing potato seed → long potato raw climing → cut the process of climing potato seed.It is actually the climing infinitely eternal continuity prolongation of an Ipomoea batatas.So it is again for keeping fine quality and characteristic, the feature of various Ipomoea batatas, original seed quality features is kept to open up a new way.The eternal heredity of improved seeds is continued, and does not degenerate, keep degenerating never, not making a variation.The fine quality taste kind of the older generation in eternal heredity.Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology means the synthetic innovation technology of the seedling plantation integration to all kinds of various sweet potato; Utilize various sweet potato climing seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology; Utilize the climing technical method for spring potato seedling of various sweet potato.This make my happiness have to praise several: a potato is overgrow all ages, all the year round not old odd plan.The mankind have fresh potato the four seasons, and high yield height is received colour-fast.Seem the non-clone of clone, science changes New World.The strong physique of rich peasant Qiang Min, Ipomoea batatas improves people's life.
Embodiment
My object is exactly want to make full use of the natural characteristic of plant, turns waste into wealth, and comprehensive utilization, obtains best sweet potato vine, produce preferably the highest economic benefit, promote the well-being of mankind.Five, sixties people are also not too familiar with these things of fertilizer and pesticide, grain is nervous, people receive to seek high yield height, constantly increase the scope of application and the usage quantity of fertilizer and pesticide, add industrial pollution, quality, the taste of the vegetable melon and fruit making us eat, grain and oil, meat, eggs and milk are had a greatly reduced quality, lose fragrance and the nutrition of its genuineness, the probability that people obtain strange illness grave illness increases, and soil, pollution of waterhead are serious, even underground water source is also contaminated, jeopardizes descendants.This makes, and I am day and night difficult gets into bed, so I just wants to break away from these harm, without chemical fertilizer without agricultural chemicals, the road of walking out a pure natural organic green high-efficient high yield developing agricultural comes.Ipomoea batatas is the first in health food, and its vitality is very strong, and survival rate is high, strong drought resistance, and good management, its strong adaptability, selects soil hardly.Output is high, quality better, and taste is lush, and everybody likes to eat.Also high yield can be increased production without chemical fertilizer.By com-parison and analysis, we know that the climing seedling of Ipomoea batatas is much thicker than Ipomoea batatas block bud seedling, and strong many, survival rate is much higher, take root fast, and germinate early, growth is fast, and output is high.The vegetative period of spring potato is the longest, and the potato growth the most vigorous the most luxuriant period of great prosperity in spring is nine, the October, because this is the maturing stage of Ipomoea batatas, all store abundant nutrition on potato block potato is climing, particularly on potato is climing, also grow many sturdy young shoots, a bud just ready to burst.We will understand its life language, and it illustrates it to raw strong serious hope and powerful vitality to the mankind.It has powerful vitality.It will grow, and it will be survived, and only bad luck shortly can be brought to it in God, and severe winter has been about to come, and the climing diameter of at this moment sturdy potato can reach 10 millimeters.And just only have 2-3 millimeter with the potato block sweet potato vine grown that germinates, it is more sturdy than the bud seedling of potato block heavy eight, nine times.As a man sows, so he shall reap, and female large youngster is fertile, and female large youngster strengthens.Due to be at this moment Ipomoea batatas climing the strongst the thickest time, climing seedling is sturdy experienced, and survival rate can reach 100%, takes root fast, sprout long soon climing, growing way is healthy and strong, drought resisting, combat a natural disaster, diseases and insect pests resistance is strong, growth is fast, knot potato is many, and bifurcated is many, and potato is climing sturdy, for spring potato volume increase good harvest is laid a good foundation.Early knot potato is many for knot potato, can improve output 30%-40%, improve the seed output and quality of Ipomoea batatas greatly.Also need not can improve output significantly by some chemical fertilizer in the same old way.A wide road is opened for producing fully natural green food of having an opportunity.Without chemical fertilizer, pollution-free, nuisanceless, high yield again, high-quality again.Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology is also a process turned waste into wealth, and potato seedling need not spend red cent, and it can make the Quality advance of the sweet potato vine of potato seed in spring to a brand-new level, also makes potato seed in spring be advanced by 7-10 days.Greenhouse Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology makes Ipomoea batatas whole body be all precious, Ipomoea batatas is climing 4,5, June sells sweet potato vine and makes money, 6, July sells fresh potato block and make money, and be all in the gold time, change the general layout in Ipomoea batatas supply and demand market, surprising economic benefit can be brought.Ipomoea batatas is not degenerated do not make a variation, make each kind of Ipomoea batatas forever keep this genuine sex inheritance to go down.Embodiment: use sufficient in green house and want machine base fertilizer, deep ploughing is loosened the soil, Root growth, for Ipomoea batatas growth builds deep loose soil condition, tilling depth more than 20 centimetres, ridging height 20-30 centimetre, row spacing 50-70 centimetre.Follow the principle that zanjon fat ridge surface planting is filled with less.Grow into nine until the spring potato of improved seeds, the October time, this is growth the most prosperous Sheng period of great prosperity in spring, the climing length of potato not only thick but also strong, the even diameter had have 10 millimeters thick, potato is climing has put aside abundant nutrition, also be pregnant with a lot of sturdy young shoots on potato is climing, a bud just ready to burst selects not only thick but also strong potato climing, selects germinate many stage casings and top section, top section has the stage casing vitality of bud stronger with sending out, the nutrient stored is more, more easily survives, more easily grows up strong and sturdy.Then, climing for the Ipomoea batatas chosen 4 to 6 leaf segments are cut into one, choosing has damage by disease and insect, has broken leaf to fall leaves and climing section of the bottom of yellow leaf, because such climing section not easily rapid germinating growth.More sturdy is better, germinates more better, climing better top of potato.Spacing in the rows 30-40 centimetre, the degree of depth is 5-7 centimetre, and pit digging seat water, waits water permeation, and it is more that general employing ship shape method is planted.Program is pit digging, water, loose seedling, bury soil, first with wet soil, beneath two, three leaf segments are buried, two, three leaf segments are stayed above hole, and then it is coated on the surrounding of rice shoot with dry ground, be conducive to soil moisture conservation to survive, if allow booth ventilate when weather is not cold get sun as far as possible, grow in order to potato seedling, at the bottom of October, weather has turned cold gradually, when minimum temperature reaches 5 DEG C, should seal canopy to be incubated, ensure that temperature of shed is between 15 DEG C to 26 DEG C, weather continues the guarantee temperature of shed that will heat in time that turns cold.According to the suitable ventilation of weather, just do not water if not non-irrigated in canopy, some water are watered in non-irrigated suitable sprinkling irrigation less as far as possible.If potato is climing long, watered, the climing of it will take root in soil, at this moment wait ground in canopy to do and will just upwards carry climing for potato, must not climb over climing for potato greatly.The photosynthesis of unfavorable Ipomoea batatas and growth.Start to get warm again after a cold spell to March weather, booth is got sun more, ensures that potato is climing black green sturdy.The first tenday period of a month in April when spring comes, purple potato grown the time of seven, eight months in green house, and potato is climing has grown two, three meters long, and the branch of each has also had seven, eight, and weather warm up, also this plantation spring purple potato.Just can cut purple potato climing, every Ipomoea batatas is first cut two, three climing come, be cut into sectional again by climing for the Ipomoea batatas cut 3-6 leaf segment, every section is exactly a spring potato seedling, one, purple potato seedling 0.3-0.4 unit be do not include expensive.If I also wants to plant spring potato, this just enjoys the benefits of a favourable position and first obtains the moon, and on the purple potato seedling that can hold is planted in the time the earliest, this just lays a good foundation for the high yield of oneself spring potato increases income.Because my purple potato seedling is not only thick but also strong, quality exceeds a grade, it will output high-quality good.Energy high yield and bumper harvest, the morning of my spring potato plantation, the morning that it will be ripe, output will be higher, and the morning of early of plantation getting off, price will be higher, economic benefit will be higher, a bit this problem that should mention is also had to be exactly, because my sweet potato vine is sturdy especially, look fast, long is large, knot potato is many, also large, will rarelyr be advisable so just should suitably plant.Row spacing 60-90 centimetre, ridge height 25-30 centimetre, spacing in the rows 30-45 centimetre as well.It is also just ripe that spring potato grows into September in this year, October, at this moment we again this preparation in green house, carry out the Ipomoea batatas in Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation next year, on this year be climing with the spring potato of spring climing seedling plantation, just select the climing potato seedling that does of best the most sturdy potato continue kind in green house.By the seedling plantation work of 1 year, oneself will sum up adjustment, if you think that potato seedling is not early ripe, experienced not, you just can shift to an earlier date some date breedings or the temperature in canopy suitably be heightened; If you think sweet potato vine maturation too early, your greenhouse rice nursery in this year just can some times of kind in evening.In a word can according to your time needing the Ipomoea batatas greenhouse rice nursery plantation adjusting you.This is only that Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation cuts climing first batch.After 7-10 days, just can cut a potato more climing, often cross within 7-10 days, just cut once, the beginning of July at the bottom of staight scissors to June, until potato spring, planting potato summer this finish, climing also substantially the cutting of the Ipomoea batatas in booth is over.At this moment be again fresh sweet potatoes block gap between generations, time fresh potato is the shortest.We should dig the Ipomoea batatas of green house breeding, sell Ipomoea batatas this time and just can fetch a good price, and purple potato is per jin sells 3 yuan, and common Ipomoea batatas is per jin sells 2 yuan, can gather in the crops purple potato more than 7000 jin for every mu, 3 yuans per jin, sell purple potato block and can obtain more than 20,000 yuan.Every purple potato can cut climing product seedling 50-60 many, every mu can be produced purple potato rice shoot 150000-210000, every potato seedling sells 0.3 yuan, every mu of purple potato of green house is adopted the climing rice shoot of purple potato using seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology to produce and can be sold 4.5 ten thousand yuan to 6.3 ten thousand yuan, add the income more than 2.1 ten thousand yuan of purple potato block, every mu of green house just fertile income up to more than 60,000 yuan to more than 80,000 yuan.This is very huge economic benefit! but this is only adopt the breeding family of seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology from Ipomoea batatas, in fact its economic benefit and social benefit more than that, the climing seedling of purple potato of every mu of green house breeding can provide the spring potato potato rice shoot of 50 mu to more than 60 mu, the spring potato rice shoot cultivated owing to adopting this synthetic innovation technology is sturdy especially, it is doubly a lot of that quality exceeds traditional rice shoot, the plantation of spring potato can be made to be advanced by 7-10 days, it can make every mu of spring potato increase yield 30-40%, every mu of spring potato can improve output 2000-3000 jin, 50 mu to 60 mu spring can increase production 100,000 jin-18 ten thousand jin, if purple potato per jin 2 yuan, it can make the spring potato of 50 mu-60 mu increase economic benefit more than more than 20 ten thousand to 30 ten thousand yuan.Because we have suffered no pesticide grown journey from seedling Cultivate administration results, not to fertilize, utilize Ipomoea batatas biophysical characteristics, the food of fully natural green organic health, more than 50 mu to more than the 60 mu organic foods provided are put on market, also can benefit vast town and country food potato people and bring health, if technique can be widely applied in the national whole society, it can the life with health to national people and even the people of the world.It has great economic benefit and social benefit thus.Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology not only makes the quality of sweet potato vine bring up to a brand-new level, it opens one simultaneously and forever keeps various Ipomoea batatas fine quality new way, various Ipomoea batatas is made to keep the genuineness of original seed not make a variation, do not degenerate, do not fade, it opens the road of the health of a rich peasant Qiang Min simultaneously.

Claims (3)

1. Ipomoea batatas seedling plantation integrated synthesis innovative technology means the synthetic innovation technology of the seedling plantation integration of all kinds of various sweet potato.
2. utilize the synthetic innovation technology of all kinds of various sweet potato climing seedling plantation integration.
3. utilize the climing technical method for spring potato seedling of various sweet potato.
CN201510504218.5A 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 Integrated comprehensive innovative technology for sweet potato sprout cultivation and planting Pending CN105103861A (en)

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CN105557362A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-05-11 河北省农林科学院粮油作物研究所 Sweet potato bonsai preparation method
CN106797773A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-06-06 魏小甜 The cultural method that a kind of Ipomoea batatas autumn planting spring receives
CN112493074A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-16 山东省烟台市农业科学研究院 Method for improving experimental planting efficiency of sweet potatoes

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CN105557362A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-05-11 河北省农林科学院粮油作物研究所 Sweet potato bonsai preparation method
CN105557362B (en) * 2015-12-14 2018-02-13 河北省农林科学院粮油作物研究所 A kind of preparation method of sweet potato potted landscape
CN106797773A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-06-06 魏小甜 The cultural method that a kind of Ipomoea batatas autumn planting spring receives
CN112493074A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-16 山东省烟台市农业科学研究院 Method for improving experimental planting efficiency of sweet potatoes

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