CN105028131B - A kind of setting structure of orchard tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal - Google Patents

A kind of setting structure of orchard tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105028131B
CN105028131B CN201510466163.3A CN201510466163A CN105028131B CN 105028131 B CN105028131 B CN 105028131B CN 201510466163 A CN201510466163 A CN 201510466163A CN 105028131 B CN105028131 B CN 105028131B
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China
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hollow billet
tubule
fruit tree
orchard
irrigation system
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CN105028131A (en
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徐国良
杜纪壮
尼群周
石海强
秦立者
杨素苗
俎文芳
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HEBEI XINDING AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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Shijiazhuang Institute of Fruit Trees of Hebei Academy of Agriculture and ForestrySciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/06Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Catching Or Destruction (AREA)
  • Nozzles (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of setting structure of orchard tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal, it is characterized in that hollow billet is embedded in underground, hollow billet one end is connected after branch pipe with main, the hollow billet other end extends vertically after being elevated above the soil at the cm of fruit tree trunk side 5~12, hollow billet top ends are closed, it is connected between hollow billet and fruit tree trunk, the shunting tubule of effective quantity is radially connected with hollow billet, shunt and be connected between tubule and fruit tree branch, shunt small pipe end and offer delivery port, shunt and be equiped with flow straightener between tubule and hollow billet.The present invention influences small on orchard intertillage, weeding, spray and other farming activities, it is easy to do mechanization operation, non-aging rotten breakage, frost heave damage probability can effectively be reduced, it is easily changed or cleans, the quantity and length for shunting tubule also can be arbitrarily set according to tree crown footpath size, reduce terminal hollow billet, flow straightener and the maintenance cost for shunting tubule, i.e. delivery port position can arbitrarily extend to the periphery along fruit tree branch according to demand, to be easy to accomplish that the right position of fruit tree is irrigated.

Description

A kind of setting structure of orchard tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal
Art
The present invention relates to water saving irrigation facility technical field, and in particular to orchard irrigation system terminal structure.
Background technology
Tubelet effluent irrigation system be China Agricultural University's water conservancy researched and developed successfully with Architecture and Construction have it is a kind of micro- Fill system.It is primarily directed to the irrigation system easily blocked problem of douche and China's agricultural production management in use Poor reality, it is small to break the section general size (general flow passage aperture is 0.5~1.2mm) of micro-irrigation emitter runner, And super large runner is used, water dropper is replaced with φ 4PE plastic syringes, and it is aided with field seepage ditch, cave, formed a set of with tubelet effluent Irrigate the irrigation system for meeting actual requirement for main body.
Tubelet effluent is a kind of advanced subterranean root irrigation technique, is with injecting the steady of hollow billet tube wall with PE plastic syringes Device connection is flowed, the pressure water from water distributing network with thread(Or jet)Form is poured into earth's surface, then is oozed in the form of infiltrating One kind to tree body root region soil is poured water form, and can reduce irrigation volume can reduce evaporation from land again, so as to reach water-saving result.
Tubelet effluent irrigation is a kind of irrigation technique that orchard is conventional in recent years, can not only save limited irrigation water money Source, while water can also be needed according to fruit tree, need fertilizer entering in water soluble fertilizer flow in pipes with irrigation water in root zone of fruit tree soil Rule, precision irrigation and fertilising are realized, while mitigate irrigation and labor of fertilizer application intensity, be that fruit output and quality are brought in orchard Lifting, it is deep to be welcome by orchard worker.
Tubelet effluent water-saving irrigation system has the characteristics that:
1st, blockage problem is small, and purification of water quality processing is simple.Tubelet effluent often uses super large runner, small with φ 4PE plastics Pipe replaces water dropper, solves drip irrigation system douche because water hardness is big, mineralization degree is high or the impurity such as silt is easy to stifled more The problem of plug.The mesh of filter is big, the loss of flood peak is small, can reduce energy expenditure, can extend flushing cycle again.
2nd, irrigation water is saved.It is a kind of localized irrigation's technology that tubelet effluent, which is irrigated, can realize precision irrigation, only moisten Seepage ditch, cave position root zone according part soil, thus WUEL is high, and is pipe network transmission & distribution water, does not have Defeated filter loss.
3rd, irrigation efficiency is high.Realized and irrigated by valve switch, flood irrigation, border irrigation labor intensity can be mitigated;Water-soluble fertilizer Expect with irrigation water to enter in root zone of fruit tree soil in flow in pipes, the various Fertilizer application labor intensity in orchard can be mitigated.
4th, strong adaptability.On the soil layer construction and each planting fruit-trees of all kinds of soil such as Plain, hills, terraced fields, barren hill It is applicable.
5th, service life is grown, reduced investment.Because tubelet effluent pipe network is embedded in underground, it is not easy by natural force and artificial destruction, Service life disclosure satisfy that perennial fruit tree demand up to more than 15 years, and maintenance expense is few.Tubelet effluent irrigate working head compared with It is low, thus operating cost is also low.
Tubelet effluent irrigation system field network terminal setting structure mainly has two kinds of forms:A kind of is as shown in Figure 1 Underground hollow billet 1 connects flow straightener 2 and is followed by PE plastic splitter tubule setting structures;Another kind is that ground hollow billet 1 as shown in Figure 2 connects Connect flow straightener 2 and be followed by PE plastic splitter tubule setting structures.
As shown in figure 1, the setting structure that hollow billet connection flow straightener in underground is followed by PE plastic splitter tubules is by Φ 16mm Hollow billet 3 is embedded in the underground of 30~50cm arable layers, and hollow billet 3 is followed by Φ 4mm shunting tubule 1, the end of shunting tubule 1 through flow straightener 2 The delivery port at end exposes 10~15cm of earth's surface, and its position is at tree crown radius 2/3, this tubelet effluent irrigation system setting structure Corresponding field conveyance system is needed simultaneously, and its form has around tree circular groove, water tree disk, cave etc..
As shown in Fig. 2 it is by Φ 16mm hair that hollow billet connection flow straightener in ground, which is followed by PE plastic splitter tubule setting structures, 3 direct cloth of pipe imposes on ground, and hollow billet 3 is followed by Φ 4mm shunting tubule 1 through flow straightener 2, and the delivery port of shunting tubule 1 end is put In around tree circular groove, water tree disk, cave etc..
Above tubelet effluent irrigation system field network terminal is found in spite of many distinguishing features, but by long-term use It there are following drawback:
1st, the drawbacks of underground hollow billet connection flow straightener is followed by PE plastic splitter tubules
(1)The flow straightener of underground is embedded in because underground hollow billet connects, because water quality and impurities accumulation block after long-time use, So that flow straightener is not easy to change or cleaned.
(2)Because shunting tubule delivery port initial setting position is at tree crown radius 2/3, as fruit tree crown diameter increases with the age of tree Long continuous expansion, shunting tubule delivery port position are not easy to be adjusted according to tree crown size.
(3)Because underground hollow billet is connected with being embedded in the flow straightener of underground, because shunting tubule initial setting quantity is relatively solid It is fixed, it is not easy to increase with the age of tree, the quantity of shunting tubule is set up increasing for water requirement in crown diameter increase.
(4)Expose 10~15cm of earth's surface because shunting tubule delivery port is located at, and its outlet port is in tree crown radius 2/3 Place, advocate the laborsaving cultivation of sward in Modern orchard management and Machinery for orchard is turned into industry, shunt the presence of tubule delivery port, seriously Orchard intertillage and weeding operation are had influence on, and is especially easily damaged.
2nd, the drawbacks of ground hollow billet connection flow straightener is followed by PE plastic splitter tubules
(1)Because hollow billet is directly distributed in ground surface, generally often row or two piece hollow billets of row fruit tree charity, i.e., hollow billet is through current stabilization Shunting tubule after device is distributed in fruit tree in the ranks on ground, seriously affects the operations such as orchard intertillage, weeding, spray, especially Easily it is damaged.
(2)Hollow billet due to being directly distributed in ground is mostly PE plastic tubes, long-term exposed rotten breakage easy to aging, more Rate of changing planes increases, and increases the maintenance cost of facility.
(3)Fruit tree is planted along contour substantially, but ground has certain ratio drop between tree body, because hollow billet is directly distributed in ground Surface, water in lower position hollow billet not Evacuable, freezes in north of china in winter low temperature and easily bursts hollow billet, increase the dimension of facility Protect cost.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of setting structure of orchard tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal, to overcome existing for prior art Drawback.
To realize the object of the invention, the setting structure of this orchard tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal is included with shunting tubule Connected hollow billet, it is characterised in that the hollow billet is embedded in underground, and hollow billet one end is connected via after ground lower branch line with main, hollow billet The other end extends vertically after being elevated above the soil at 5~10cm of fruit tree trunk side, the closing of hollow billet top ends, hollow billet and fruit tree trunk Between be connected, the shunting tubule of effective quantity is radially connected with hollow billet, shunts and is connected between tubule and fruit tree branch, shunting is small Pipe end offers delivery port, shunts and is equiped with flow straightener between tubule and hollow billet.
The height of the hollow billet is not higher than the height of fruit tree.
The hollow billet is embedded in the cm of underground 30~50.
The length of the shunting tubule is not more than the 2/3 of top fruit sprayer radius.
The technological progress that the present invention obtains:
1st, due to Zhi Ganguan and hollow billet below fruit tree row-crop work layer buried 30~50 cm, hollow billet along fruit tree trunk to Upper to extend and fixed with fruit tree trunk, shunting tubule extends to the periphery along fruit tree branch and fixed structure, to orchard intertillage, removes Grass, spray and the influence of other farming activities are small, while are easy to do mechanization operation, non-aging rotten breakage, realize modern fruit The laborsaving cultivation purpose in garden.
2nd, because hollow billet is used along the structure of trunk vertically upward, water is easy to system evacuation in hollow billet, thus can have Effect is reduced because of winter low temperature frost heave damage probability.
3rd, flow straightener is connected on raw bifurcation hollow billet due in fruit tree trunk, flow straightener it is directly perceived it is exposed outside, thus easily In replacing or cleaning.
4th, due to reconnecting shunting tubule after fruit tree trunk and flow straightener is connected on raw bifurcation hollow billet, tubule is shunted Quantity and length can increase according to the age of tree, crown diameter increases, water requirement increases and arbitrarily add the quantity of shunting tubule, its length Can arbitrarily it be set according to fruit tree crown diameter size, shunting tubule delivery port is that irrigation position also can arbitrarily be adjusted according to tree crown size It is whole, protect hollow billet to be not damaged by greatest extent, greatly reduce terminal hollow billet, flow straightener and the maintenance cost for shunting tubule.
5th, due to fruit tree aerial and underground growth related intimate, usually there is down big master ground scaffold limb direction side Root, thus position and the length of shunting tubule can be adjusted according to the direction of the big main root of fruit tree, i.e. the position of delivery port can be according to need Ask along fruit tree branch and arbitrarily extend to the periphery, to be easy to accomplish that the right position of fruit tree is irrigated.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that hollow billet connection flow straightener in underground is followed by shunting tubule setting structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is that hollow billet connection flow straightener in ground is followed by shunting tubule setting structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal setting structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in figure 3, the hollow billet 3 of the setting structure of this orchard tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal is embedded in underground 30~50 Cm, one end of hollow billet 3 are connected via after ground lower branch line 4 with the main of underground, the other end of hollow billet 3 fruit tree trunk side 5~ Extended vertically upwards along fruit tree trunk after being elevated above the soil at 10cm, the hollow billet 3 after elevating above the soil is tied up between tied rope and trunks of fruit trees Gu the height of hollow billet 3 is not higher than the height of fruit tree, the top ends inflection closing of hollow billet 3, is trunk in the different height of hollow billet 3 Raw bifurcation, the shunting tubule 1 of effective quantity is radially connected with hollow billet 3, delivery port is opened in the end of shunting tubule 1 End, shunt and fixed between tubule 1 and fruit tree branch with tied rope.Branch's installing flow straightener 2 between each shunting tubule 1 and hollow billet 3, according to tree Age, the flow straightener 2 of tree crown size selection respective model, the length of shunting tubule 1 are not more than the radius of top fruit sprayer, that is, shunted small Pipe 1 extends at the 2/3 of tree crown radius to the periphery along fruit tree branch, or absorption root integrated distribution in the horizontal direction of investigation confirmation Area.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of setting structure of orchard tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal, it includes the hollow billet being connected with shunting tubule, and it is special Sign is that the hollow billet is embedded in underground, and hollow billet one end is connected via after ground lower branch line with main, and the other end of hollow billet is in fruit tree master Extend vertically, the closing of hollow billet top ends, be connected between hollow billet and fruit tree trunk, radially after being elevated above the soil at dry 5~10cm of side The shunting tubule of effective quantity is connected with hollow billet, shunts and is connected between tubule and fruit tree branch, shunt small pipe end and offer Delivery port, shunt and be equiped with flow straightener between tubule and hollow billet.
2. the setting structure of tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal in orchard according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the hair The height of pipe is not higher than the height of fruit tree.
3. the setting structure of tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal in orchard according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the hair Pipe is embedded in the cm of underground 30~50.
4. the setting structure of tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal in orchard according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described point The length for flowing tubule is not more than the 2/3 of top fruit sprayer radius.
CN201510466163.3A 2015-08-03 2015-08-03 A kind of setting structure of orchard tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal Active CN105028131B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107750910A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-06 河北省农林科学院石家庄果树研究所 A kind of happy shape tubelet effluent irrigation system terminal setting structure of apple high level cadre individual layer
CN109006390A (en) * 2018-08-17 2018-12-18 黄冈市农业科学院 A kind of drip irrigation pipe laying method under frame pears mode
CN112400663A (en) * 2020-11-19 2021-02-26 张家港市金阳生态农业科技有限公司 Flowers liquid manure integration irrigation equipment convenient to maintain
CN113854121A (en) * 2021-10-27 2021-12-31 河北人人邦农业服务有限公司 Wheat and corn one-year-two-harvest water and fertilizer integrated mechanical operation drip irrigation device

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CN204272727U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-04-22 福建扬基生物科技有限公司 A kind of dendrobium candidum tree plants device
CN104663103A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-03 石河子大学 Spraying and dripping irrigating system for fruit trees
CN204907404U (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-30 河北省农林科学院石家庄果树研究所 Effluent structure that sets up at irrigation system terminal of orchard tubule

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101361452A (en) * 2008-09-25 2009-02-11 沈阳丰之源自来水设备有限公司 Fruit-tree tubule outflow irrigation system and method
CN201384999Y (en) * 2009-03-20 2010-01-20 北京润郁丰灌溉技术有限公司 Tubule outflow irrigator
CN202374805U (en) * 2011-12-26 2012-08-15 汪永刚 High anti-blocking embedded small tube flow irrigation system
CN104509423A (en) * 2013-09-29 2015-04-15 辽宁山水城市园林景观有限公司 Integrated device for landscape tree/seedling maintaining
CN204272727U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-04-22 福建扬基生物科技有限公司 A kind of dendrobium candidum tree plants device
CN204180653U (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-03-04 河北润田节水设备有限公司 A kind of modified tubelet effluent device that can evenly pour water
CN204180655U (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-03-04 河北润田节水设备有限公司 A kind of tubelet effluent device can changing flow straightener
CN104663103A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-03 石河子大学 Spraying and dripping irrigating system for fruit trees
CN204907404U (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-30 河北省农林科学院石家庄果树研究所 Effluent structure that sets up at irrigation system terminal of orchard tubule

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Effective date of registration: 20210513

Address after: 053400 north of houzhangqiao village, Wuyi Town, Wuyi County, Hengshui City, Hebei Province

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