CN204070009U - Root fills with water-saving temp control digital signal device - Google Patents

Root fills with water-saving temp control digital signal device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204070009U
CN204070009U CN201420525490.2U CN201420525490U CN204070009U CN 204070009 U CN204070009 U CN 204070009U CN 201420525490 U CN201420525490 U CN 201420525490U CN 204070009 U CN204070009 U CN 204070009U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feeler
water
temperature sensor
crossbeam
humidity sensor
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420525490.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
詹跃明
林明玲
詹嘉豪
詹晓涵
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Fujian Yarun Agriculture Complex Development Co Ltd
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Fujian Yarun Agriculture Complex Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420525490.2U priority Critical patent/CN204070009U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204070009U publication Critical patent/CN204070009U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind ofly can fill with water-saving temp control digital signal device in conjunction with temperature and humidity to the root that plant is irrigated simultaneously.It comprises remote control center (1), humidity sensor (2) and temperature sensor (3); Humidity sensor (2) and temperature sensor (3) are all electrically connected with remote control center (1); Humidity sensor (2) and temperature sensor (3) is supporting is installed on special harvester; Harvester comprises mair motor (4), crossbeam (5), auxiliary-motor (6) and feeler (7); Mair motor (4) is connected with crossbeam (5), for driving crossbeam (5) lateral rotation; Auxiliary-motor (6) is installed on the end of crossbeam (5); The dynamic limit output shaft of auxiliary-motor (6) is connected with feeler (7); Feeler (7) is vertical with crossbeam (5); Feeler (7) is provided with screw thread (8); Humidity sensor (2) and temperature sensor (3) are arranged on the bottom of feeler (7).

Description

Root fills with water-saving temp control digital signal device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of root and fills with water-saving temp control digital signal device.
Background technology
Irrigate, namely use irrigated land.Irrigation principle is irrigation volume, irrigation frequency and time will to be wanted in good time according to medicinal plant water-requiring property, growing stage, weather, soil condition and determining, appropriate, Rational Irrigation.Its kind mainly contains irrigation before seeding, urges seedling to pour water, vegetative period pours water and winter pours water.
Irrigation method main in prior art has several as follows:
1, flood irrigation; Ditching canal is wanted in flood irrigation, in the past with artificial, uses livestock, tractor afterwards, the advanced machinery of state-of-the-art laser ranging afterwards, and depends on economy and geographical conditions, such as, need the region size of irrigating, have the technology what is available, labour cost etc.Plant is aligned or grows on seedbed in furrow and Gansu Province ditch, and water enters farmland along channel, flows into along Long Gou or edge, seedbed.Also can in Tanaka's hard plastic tube or aluminum pipe diversion, on pipe, spacing distance perforate is irrigated, and connects channel with siphon pipe.Application pipeline can control discharge, and due to differences such as temperature, wind speed, soil, infiltration capacitys, flood irrigation easily causes some places water many, the hydropenic phenomenon of some places, and pipeline can move, and therefore can control the phenomenon not producing this inequality.If especially adopt automatic valve more can increase efficiency.But because waste water resource is compared in flood irrigation, need more labour, and easily cause subterranean water level to raise, therefore make the salinization of soil, be eliminated gradually in developed country.But owing to only needing a small amount of fund and technology, be still widely used in most developing country.
2, spray; Sprinkling irrigation by pipeline, water is delivered to the shower nozzle being arranged in field to spray, and has the difference of high pressure and low pressure, also can be divided into fixed and portable.Fixed sprinkler is arranged on fixing place, and some shower nozzles are arranged on ground surface height, and being mainly used in needs place attractive in appearance, as golf course, the irrigation of racecourse meadow, park, graveyard etc.The pressure of shower nozzle generally can not more than 200 bar, too highly can produce water smoke, and affect irrigation benifit, shower nozzle has rotary, and rotation can be 360 degree of revolutions also can be turn an angle.Also torch-type is had.Can at the pressure operation of 275-900 bar, spray comparatively far away, flow reaches 3-76 liter/second.Spray gun can also be used for industrial anti-dust.If be connected with water source pipe by shower nozzle, shower nozzle can being moved, is movable sprinkler irrigation, is rolled onto by plastic tube on a reel, can moves releasing along with shower nozzle, also can moved by hand shower nozzle.The shortcoming of sprinkling irrigation is because evaporation also can lose much water, especially when there being the weather of wind, and be not easy to irrigate whole irrigated area equably, water deposits the breeding that stream easily causes mould on blade face, if have chemical fertilizer in irrigation water, blade face can be caused to burn at the weather that hot sunlight is strong.
3, microspray irrigation; Microspray irrigation is the form of pouring water utilizing refraction, rotation or radiant type minitype nozzle water to be sprayed onto equably the regions such as crop branches and leaves, is under the jurisdiction of slight irrigation category.The operating pressure of microspray irrigation is low, and flow is little, both can increase soil moisture at regular time and quantity, air humidity can be improved again, regulate Partial little climate, be widely used in vegetables, flowers, orchard, herbs nursery institute, and the moistening and lowering temperature in the region such as cuttage and seedling culture, raising farm.
4, drip irrigation; Drip irrigation is the irrigation form instilled drop by drop, evenly and lentamente by water near root system of plant in soil, the flow that drips is little, water droplet slowly buries, evaporation loss can be reduced to greatest extent, if add plastic mulching, evaporation can be reduced further, except being in except saturation state near the soil moisture below water dropper under condition of drip irrigation, the soil moisture at other position is all in unsaturated state, and soil moisture mainly enters to blend diffusion by capillary pulling power effect.If but the drip irrigation time is oversize, may soak into phenomenon below root system, therefore drip irrigation is all handled by the calculator of high-tech at present, also has by manually-operated.Dripping irrigation water forces down, water saving, may be used for the area to the different plant of growth, every plant is irrigated respectively, but pressure compensation is needed to hillside fields, can rely on calculator regulates the valve in different location to control, and key is control and regulation pressure and from water, removes particle, in case clogging drip irrigation hole.The conveying of water generally uses plastic tube, should be black, or covers below mulch film, prevents from growing algae, also prevents pipeline aging due to ultraviolet irradiation.Drip irrigation also can complete with the porous ceramic pipe being embedded in underground, but costly, for turf and golf course when only having.
4, infiltrating irrigation; Infiltration irrigation technology applies many years in the place that subterranean water level is higher, is manually subterranean water level raised, directly from the beneath method for root system of plant water supply.Infiltrating irrigation is usually used in commercial greenhouse product, as irrigated potted flower, can also apply fertilizer, soak flowerpot 10 to 20 minutes with the aqueous solution containing fertilizer from bottom, then water can reclaim, and this running needs high-tech automatic operation, cost of equipment is expensive, but save manpower, water and chemical fertilizer, maintenance and operation expense is also very low, and principle is the same with underground drip irrigation simultaneously.
5, deficit irrigation; Reduce in the non-critical phase of crop during deficit irrigation and pour water (waning), be in drought stress state, reduce transpiration water consumption and delay to nourish and grow, and limited water yield concentrated supply to the critical period of water need of crop, meeting the requirement that reproductive organs is formed and grows.This technology can significantly improve water use efficiency and not reduce even can increase yield
6, Controlled root divided alternative irrigation; When this technology proposes originally, be that part root system is in the region (dry section) of antecedent soil moisture on the one hand, crop is subject to water stress, and root forms a large amount of abscisic acid, is sent to blade, and stomatal aperture reduces, and reduces transpiration water consumption; On the other hand, in the region (humid region) part root system being in pour water, crop absorbs moisture from soil, meets the needs of normal physiological activity.Dry section and humid region alternate irrigation.Alternately coerce rear secondary root to roll up, root water uptake fertilizer sucting ability increases, and water use efficiency significantly improves.
In the prior art the adopted irrigation installation corresponding with above-mentioned irrigation method mainly contains:
1, center-pivot sprinkler; Center-pivot sprinkler is a kind of traveling sprinkler, and on the plating steel pipe that shower head is arranged on wheel support or aluminum pipe, around a central rotation, from centrally-pivoted axle conveying water, whole irrigation sprinkler irrigation area forms a circle.This sprinkling machine the U.S. use very general.This mechanical shower nozzle can be hung on steel pipe, and only spray on plant, what have can almost hang on ground, and the ground directly between plant is sprayed, and therefore can save the water due to evaporation loss.The rotation of center-pivot sprinkler can be promoted by waterpower, also can by motor pushing, and current great majority all use motor.This irrigation by mechanical power area is a circle, and the neutral gear therefore between each circle can not, by irrigation, be only suitable for using in area fully at arable area.
2, translation type sprinkler; Also being continuous linear traveling sprinkler, is a long pipeline, has a support at regular intervals, support has wheel, and shower nozzle is on pipe, and whole pipeline moves in parallel sprinkling, water by the input of one, pipeline, so irrigation area can be large enough to several thousand hectares.
3, hose fed travelling sprinkler machine; Hose fed travelling sprinkler machine is also reel sprinkling irrigation machine, adopts the wheeled power-driven system of the eddies of water.Adopt the design of the little pressure of big cross section, under very little flow, higher recovery speed can be reached, the belt drive that hydroturbine rotating speed draws two fast sections from eddies of water wheel shaft is passed to decelerator, the transmission of reduction of speed rear chain produces larger torsional forces and drives capstan winch to rotate, thus realizes the automatic recovery of PE pipe.The High-Pressure Water simultaneously flowed out through hydroturbine is through PE pipe direct sending to shower nozzle place, and High-Pressure Water is sprayed onto crop overhead by shower nozzle uniformly, falls apart into tiny water droplet and evenly lands, and do not carry out spraying operation off and on along with the movement of PE pipe.
All there is following weak point when reality uses in above-mentioned various irrigation method and irrigation installation: often only pay close attention to when irrigating the wettability of soil that grows by plant irrigating, and have ignored the temperature of soil, in full summer etc. under hot environment, even if humidity is much of that, because temperature is too high, or need to carry out irrigation cooling, not so plant is still easy at high temperature dead.
In sum, be badly in need of wanting a kind of in prior art can carry out the equipment of automatic irrigation in conjunction with temperature and humidity to plant simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is, provides a kind of can fill with water-saving temp control digital signal device in conjunction with temperature and humidity to the root that plant is irrigated simultaneously.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model provides is: a kind of root fills with water-saving temp control digital signal device, and it comprises remote control center, humidity sensor and temperature sensor; Described humidity sensor and temperature sensor are all electrically connected with remote control center; Described humidity sensor and temperature sensor is supporting is installed on special harvester; Described harvester comprises mair motor, crossbeam, auxiliary-motor and feeler; Described mair motor is connected with crossbeam, for driving crossbeam lateral rotation; Described auxiliary-motor is installed on the end of crossbeam; The dynamic limit output shaft of described auxiliary-motor is connected with feeler; Described feeler and beam vertical; Described feeler is provided with screw thread; Described humidity sensor and temperature sensor are arranged on the bottom of feeler.
As improvement, described humidity sensor and temperature sensor are inlaid in the thread pitch of feeler.
As improvement, described feeler be provided with sharp portion bottom.
As improvement, the center of described feeler is hollow-core construction, and the data wire of humidity sensor and temperature sensor passes outside feeler from described hollow-core construction.
As improvement, described humidity sensor and the data of temperature sensor are transferred to remote control center by electric power networks.
After adopting said structure, tool of the present invention has the following advantages: it comprises remote control center, humidity sensor and temperature sensor; Described humidity sensor and temperature sensor are all electrically connected with remote control center; Described humidity sensor and temperature sensor is supporting is installed on special harvester; Described harvester comprises mair motor, crossbeam, auxiliary-motor and feeler; Described mair motor is connected with crossbeam, for driving crossbeam lateral rotation; Described auxiliary-motor is installed on the end of crossbeam; The dynamic limit output shaft of described auxiliary-motor is connected with feeler; Described feeler and beam vertical; Described feeler is provided with screw thread; Described humidity sensor and temperature sensor are arranged on the bottom of feeler.Adopt drilling type detection cleverly, the detection of circular ring type multi-point sampling can be carried out by crossbeam and mair motor simultaneously, the temperature and humidity data of plant root can be detected the most accurately, then send to remote control center to be processed into the data signal controlling water pump and magnetic valve.Fast, precisely, effectively naturally also more economize on water.
As improvement, described humidity sensor and temperature sensor are inlaid in the thread pitch of feeler.This design can protect humidity sensor and temperature sensor to greatest extent.Prevent them from being damaged in test process.
As improvement, described feeler be provided with sharp portion bottom.This design can reduce the resistance of feeler test.
As improvement, the center of described feeler is hollow-core construction, and the data wire of humidity sensor and temperature sensor passes outside feeler from described hollow-core construction.This design can protect the data transmission electric wire of two sensors further.
As improvement, described humidity sensor and the data of temperature sensor are transferred to remote control center by electric power networks.This design can save data transmission cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure block diagram that in the utility model, root fills with water-saving temp control digital signal device.
Fig. 2 is that the utility model root fills with the temperature of water-saving temp control digital signal device and the structural representation of humidity collector.
As shown in the figure: 1, remote control center, 2, humidity sensor, 3, temperature sensor, 4, mair motor, 5, crossbeam, 6, auxiliary-motor, 7, feeler, 8, screw thread.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
By reference to the accompanying drawings 1 and accompanying drawing 2, a kind of root fills with water-saving temp control digital signal device, and it comprises remote control center 1, humidity sensor 2 and temperature sensor 3; Described humidity sensor 2 and temperature sensor 3 are all electrically connected with remote control center 1; Described humidity sensor 2 and temperature sensor 3 is supporting is installed on special harvester; Described harvester comprises mair motor 4, crossbeam 5, auxiliary-motor 6 and feeler 7; Described mair motor 4 is connected with crossbeam 5, for driving crossbeam 5 lateral rotation; Described auxiliary-motor 6 is installed on the end of crossbeam 5; The dynamic limit output shaft of described auxiliary-motor 6 is connected with feeler 7; Described feeler 7 is vertical with crossbeam 5; Described feeler 7 is provided with screw thread 8; Described humidity sensor 2 and temperature sensor 3 are arranged on the bottom of feeler 7.
As improvement, described humidity sensor 2 and temperature sensor 3 are inlaid in the thread pitch of feeler 7.
As improvement, described feeler 7 be provided with sharp portion bottom.
As improvement, the center of described feeler 7 is hollow-core construction, and the data wire of humidity sensor 2 and temperature sensor 3 passes outside feeler 7 from described hollow-core construction.
As improvement, described humidity sensor 2 and the data of temperature sensor 3 are transferred to remote control center 1 by electric power networks.
Described data have ripe signal modem by electric power networks transmission prior art, and direct buying just can realize.
Be described the utility model and embodiment thereof above, this description does not have restricted, and shown in accompanying drawing is also one of embodiment of the present utility model, and actual structure is not limited thereto.If generally speaking those of ordinary skill in the art enlightens by it, when not departing from the utility model and creating aim, design the frame mode similar to this technical scheme and embodiment without creationary, protection domain of the present utility model all should be belonged to.

Claims (5)

1. root fills with a water-saving temp control digital signal device, it is characterized in that: it comprises remote control center (1), humidity sensor (2) and temperature sensor (3); Described humidity sensor (2) and temperature sensor (3) are all electrically connected with remote control center (1); Described humidity sensor (2) and temperature sensor (3) is supporting is installed on special harvester; Described harvester comprises mair motor (4), crossbeam (5), auxiliary-motor (6) and feeler (7); Described mair motor (4) is connected with crossbeam (5), for driving crossbeam (5) lateral rotation; Described auxiliary-motor (6) is installed on the end of crossbeam (5); The dynamic limit output shaft of described auxiliary-motor (6) is connected with feeler (7); Described feeler (7) is vertical with crossbeam (5); Described feeler (7) is provided with screw thread (8); Described humidity sensor (2) and temperature sensor (3) are arranged on the bottom of feeler (7).
2. fill with water-saving temp control digital signal device for according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described humidity sensor (2) and temperature sensor (3) are inlaid in the thread pitch of feeler (7).
3. fill with water-saving temp control digital signal device for according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described feeler (7) be provided with sharp portion bottom.
4. fill with water-saving temp control digital signal device for according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the center of described feeler (7) is hollow-core construction, the data wire of humidity sensor (2) and temperature sensor (3) passes outside feeler (7) from described hollow-core construction.
5. fill with water-saving temp control digital signal device for according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described humidity sensor (2) and the data of temperature sensor (3) are transferred to remote control center (1) by electric power networks.
CN201420525490.2U 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Root fills with water-saving temp control digital signal device Expired - Fee Related CN204070009U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420525490.2U CN204070009U (en) 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Root fills with water-saving temp control digital signal device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420525490.2U CN204070009U (en) 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Root fills with water-saving temp control digital signal device

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN204070009U true CN204070009U (en) 2015-01-07

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105875361A (en) * 2014-09-05 2016-08-24 福建亚润农业综合开发有限公司 A water saving and temperature control digital signal device for root irrigation

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105875361A (en) * 2014-09-05 2016-08-24 福建亚润农业综合开发有限公司 A water saving and temperature control digital signal device for root irrigation

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150107

Termination date: 20150905

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model