CN206949100U - A kind of micro- profit irrigation system of terraced fields for knob - Google Patents

A kind of micro- profit irrigation system of terraced fields for knob Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206949100U
CN206949100U CN201720397017.4U CN201720397017U CN206949100U CN 206949100 U CN206949100 U CN 206949100U CN 201720397017 U CN201720397017 U CN 201720397017U CN 206949100 U CN206949100 U CN 206949100U
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China
Prior art keywords
micro
profit
tube
branch pipe
irrigation
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201720397017.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王新生
苏冬阳
李慧勇
李粉婵
毕远杰
褚桂红
杜娟娟
李元
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SHANXI PROV WATER CONSERVANCY AND HYDRAULIC ELECTRICITY SCIENCE ACADEMY
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SHANXI PROV WATER CONSERVANCY AND HYDRAULIC ELECTRICITY SCIENCE ACADEMY
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Priority to CN201720397017.4U priority Critical patent/CN206949100U/en
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Abstract

The utility model is a kind of micro- profit irrigation system of terraced fields for knob, solve the problems, such as not specifically for the micro- profit irrigation system of knob terraced fields crop, including iirigation water source collection device, fertilizer apparatus, filter and the micro- profit device being sequentially connected by main pipeline, micro- profit device includes the micro- profit device of tread being connected with pressure regulating reservoir by branch pipe(tube) and domatic micro- profit device, the utility model solves the multi-point dispersion of high mountain irrigation, burst irrigates problem, has significant economic benefit.

Description

A kind of micro- profit irrigation system of terraced fields for knob
Technical field
Irrigation and water conservancy irrigation technique field is the utility model is related to, a kind of specially micro- profit of terraced fields for knob fills Irrigate system.
Background technology
Micro- profit irrigation technique is the automatic irrigation and drought resisting skill that a kind of world today is leading, is precisely controlled soil moisture content Art.Moisture can be provided according to plant physiology demand to crop root zone in time.Micro- profit irrigation is to utilize functional nano pellicle Material, in a manner of groundwater supply, continuously directly slowly supplied water to plant roots area within 24 hours, and according to plant absorption speed, pipe Flow of water difference is automatic inside and outside road irrigates in real time;This is a kind of high-efficient irrigation control technique that water information is needed based on plant physiology.Irrigate Process simplifies irrigation system without electric power, Mechanical Driven and behavior adjustment management.Pressure, soil moisture are adjustable.Solves agricultural It is the problem of irrigation water serious waste, most advanced, more most widely used than international on the premise of crops obtain fully irrigating Drip irrigation technique is also economized on water 60%-80%, is the optimal filling of the greening such as farmland, gardens, urban green space, animal husbandry grassland, building roof Irrigate mode;Different from legacy system, micro- profit irrigation system is without the electromechanical equipments such as water pump, motor, power distribution cabinet, system architecture letter Change, cost reduces 30-40%, and operating cost and integrated application cost are cheap, have obvious price advantage, it is easier to Yong Hujie By.Micro- profit, which is irrigated, directly delivers water into crop root, avoids evaporation, seepage, several big losses of runoff of traditional irrigation, realizes High-efficient irrigation.Improve soil aqueous vapor environment, prevent water from pouring hardened, soil is in loose, aeration status all the time, advantageously reduce Pest and disease damage.Crops high yield good harvest can be made to list in advance, and optimum carrier is provided for agricultural water fertilizer integration, save fertilizer Agricultural non-point source pollution caused by fertilizer is excessively used in dosage more than 50%, mitigation.
Patent CN204670036U discloses a kind of micro- profit irrigation system, designs field irrigation technical field, including water storage Micro- profit device that pond, the water supply line being connected with cistern and water supply line are connected, it is micro- profit device including one traverse in Farmland and the main pipeline connected with water supply line, the more bearing of trend branch pipe(tube)s vertical with main pipeline are communicated with main pipeline, The more micro- profit pipes being embedded near crop root system are communicated with every branch pipe(tube).This patented technology is to micro- profit irrigation system More wide in range definition is made that, carrying out micro- profit suitable for the crop that physical features is more or less the same irrigates.
Patent CN203718364U discloses a kind of micro- profit irrigation system of pellicle, including water pump, a plurality of water cable and control System, control system include controller, relay, magnetic valve and soil moisture sensor, and a plurality of water cable is equidistantly layed in field Between soil in, soil moisture sensor is arranged in the soil between two adjacent water cables.The pellicle of this utility model Micro- profit irrigation system is realized by a plurality of water cable being embedded in soil and the micro- profit of pellicle of soil is irrigated, and moisture is gone directly Crop root, avoids irrigation moisture loss, and by the soil moisture sensor of control system, Precision measurement soil it is aqueous Amount, and the break-make of pipeline is controlled by relay and magnetic valve, metalled run out with preventing water cable from damage occurs.This is special Sharp structure setting is excessively complicated, while can not also be applied to the larger crop of the physical features discrepancy in elevation and carry out effective micro- profit irrigation.
At present, the micro- profit irrigation system of crop of knob it is not specially adapted for also so that potential difference is larger in ground Crop can be reached using this system preferably irrigates purpose.
The content of the invention
The utility model in order to solve the problems, such as not specifically for knob terraced fields crop it is micro- profit irrigation system, there is provided A kind of terraced fields for knob micro- profit irrigation systems.
The utility model is achieved by the following technical solution:A kind of micro- profit of terraced fields for knob irrigates system System, including iirigation water source collection device, fertilizer apparatus, filter and the micro- profit device being sequentially connected by main pipeline, micro- profit Device includes pressure regulating reservoir and the micro- profit device of tread being connected by branch pipe(tube) with pressure regulating reservoir and domatic micro- profit device, pressure Power regulating reservoir is arranged on every layer of tread, and the micro- profit device of tread includes the first branch pipe that crop one end is arranged on by threeway connection Road connects the second branch pipe(tube) for being arranged on the crop other end, the first branch pipe(tube) and the second branch pipe(tube) with by elbow away from pressure The side of regulating reservoir is connected to air bleeding valve and draining flushing valve, be connected between the first branch pipe(tube) and the second branch pipe(tube) with The micro- profit pipe of arc of the identical quantity of crop, the micro- profit pipe of arc are connected with transition conduit by the way that single head lock is straight-through, and transition conduit is led to respectively Threeway is crossed to be connected with the first branch pipe(tube) and the second branch pipe(tube);Domatic micro- profit device includes being arranged on crop one end by threeway connection The first branch pipe(tube) the second branch pipe(tube) for being arranged on the crop other end, the first branch pipe(tube) and the second branch pipe(tube) are connected with by elbow Micro- profit pipe around the setting of crop semicircular in shape is each connected with pipeline at its respectively.
The quantity that pressure regulating reservoir is set on every layer of tread is 1.To ensure the effect of micro- profit irrigation, need to ensure to be located at The pressure of micro- profit pipe of identical tread is appropriate, and pressure regulating reservoir is set on every layer of tread respectively, can effectively ensure that micro- profit pipe institute Pressure is needed, if local soil is sandy loam, vertical highness change can be subjected to contour plane design in 2-4 rice;If soil For yellow clay, vertical highness change can be subjected to contour plane design in 3-4 rice.
Absolute altitude set by air bleeding valve is more than the absolute altitude of draining flushing valve.The setting of air bleeding valve and draining flushing valve is in phase On same tread, but the absolute altitude residing for air bleeding valve need to be slightly larger than the absolute altitude of draining flushing valve so that install and rush for the first time After washing the impurity in pipeline, after air bleeding valve water outlet, it was demonstrated that now gas in pipelines has excluded to finish;The work of draining flushing valve With, in the winter time nearly when for by pipeline remaining water discharge, prevent frost crack pipe.Regular maintenance can rinse once for 7-10 days, Rinsed by directly opening filter upper end minor spiral mouth;The micro- profit pipe of periodic flushing is required in management, i.e., each produces season When end or beginning, open end valve and rinse 1-2 hours, the water of relieving can be used as the winter irrigation or spring irrigation of next tread Water.Usually, it can periodically open end valve to discharge water, discharge the debris in water, gas be present in irrigation conduit is unfavorable for water body Flowing can use connection 16PE pipes in end, be placed the height for being higher than this level pressure of supply water regulating reservoir, it is necessary to discharge Degree, and fix.
Irrigation water source in iirigation water source collection device includes rainwater-collecting and irrigation water injects.
Irrigation water need to be filtered and reach the irrigation norm of 120-200 mesh by filter.Due to what is gathered on micro- profit pipe Micropore distribution density is 10-20 ten thousand/square centimeter, to ensure that irrigation water can effectively pass through, it is necessary to water is filtered, Its filter criteria is 120-200 mesh.
The buried depth of micro- profit pipe is 20 centimetres away from ground.20 centimetres of buried depth reduces excavation hardly possible during micro- profit pipe burial and construction Spend, while infiltration capacity, evaporation capacity and the run-off of water are greatly reduced during irrigation.
The micro- profit of crop that the utility model is mainly used in hills landforms is irrigated, especially suitable for hills terraced fields crop, mainly Advantage have:
1st, solves the multi-point dispersion of high mountain irrigation, burst irrigates problem;
2nd, solve the problems, such as mountain region can not at low cost timely to crop, a large amount of feedwater with to fertile.Past project warp Verify that the timely and appropriate supply that bright micro- profit is irrigated to water can make the quantity of bearing fruit of jujube tree be significantly increased with quality;
3rd, solving a large amount of of agricultural production needs water and high mountain can not largely save the problem of water.Micro- profit irrigation can real handle The water conservancy projects of the existing considerable scale in locality is made good use of, and is combined, " rain flood harvests " system that local hydraulic department is original and different System is made good use of;Really solves the problems, such as field " last one kilometer " with high standards;
4th, water resources efficiency is improved:Micro- profit is irrigated not only by pipeline water delivery, feedwater, water, can also keep root of the crop The soil moisture content in area is in reasonable level.While irrigation and drought resisting, WUEL is effectively improved, it is big to reduce crop Dependence of the area Commercial Growers to weather, change the situation lived at the mercy of the elements in thousand, reduce risk.Peasant is really set to irrigate, resist While non-irrigated, water saving contribution is also made;
5th, use micro- profit to irrigate and cause soil not ponding, not hardened, good permeability;
6th, deeper cognition is had in the following areas with reference to above point, user, such as save fertilizer, economize on electricity, reduce labor intensity, subtract Few conventional manual's input per mu etc.;
7th, the volume increase and quality for reaching crop improve.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is system construction drawing of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the field tread single file connection diagram that micro- profit is irrigated;
Fig. 3 is the domatic connection diagram in field that micro- profit is irrigated;
Fig. 4 is the field tread duplicate rows connection diagram that micro- profit is irrigated;
Fig. 5 is the row connection diagram of field tread three that micro- profit is irrigated.
In figure:1- branch pipe(tube)s, the branch pipe(tube)s of 1.1- first, the branch pipe(tube)s of 1.2- second, the micro- profit pipes of 2-, 3- threeways, 4- single heads Lock is straight-through, 5- transition conduits, 6- crops, 7- pressure regulating reservoirs, 8- air bleeding valves, 9- draining flushing valves, 10- elbows, 11- irrigation waters Source collection device, 12- fertilizer apparatuses, 13- filters, 14- main pipelines, 15- terraced fields.
Embodiment
The utility model is described further with reference to Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, a kind of micro- profit of terraced fields for knob irrigates system System, including iirigation water source collection device 11, fertilizer apparatus 12, filter 13 and the micro- profit dress being sequentially connected by main pipeline 14 Put, micro- profit device includes pressure regulating reservoir 7 and the micro- device and domatic of moistening of the tread that is connected by branch pipe(tube) 1 with pressure regulating reservoir 7 Micro- profit device, pressure regulating reservoir 7 are arranged on every layer of tread, and the micro- profit device of tread includes being arranged on crop by the connection of threeway 3 First branch pipe(tube) 1.1 of one end and the second branch pipe(tube) 1.2 that the other end of crop 6 is arranged on by the connection of elbow 10, the first branch pipe The branch pipe(tube) 1.2 of road 1.1 and second is connected to air bleeding valve 8 and draining flushing valve 9 in the side away from pressure regulating reservoir 7, the It is connected between one branch pipe(tube) 1.1 and the second branch pipe(tube) 1.2 and the micro- profit pipe 2 of the arc of 6 identical quantity of crop, the micro- profit pipe of arc 2 latch straight-through 4 by single head is connected with transition conduit 5, and transition conduit 5 passes through the branch pipe(tube) 1.1 of threeway 3 and first and the second branch pipe respectively Road 1.2 connects;Domatic micro- profit device includes being arranged on first branch pipe(tube) 1.1 of the one end of crop 6 and by curved by the connection of threeway 3 First 10 connection is arranged on the second branch pipe(tube) 1.2 of the other end of crop 6, and the first branch pipe(tube) 1.1 and the second branch pipe(tube) 1.2 are respectively at it The micro- profit pipe 2 set around the semicircular in shape of crop 6 is connected with respective pipeline.
The quantity that pressure regulating reservoir 7 is set on every layer of tread is 1.Absolute altitude set by air bleeding valve 8 rushes more than draining Wash the absolute altitude of valve 9.Irrigation water source in iirigation water source collection device includes rainwater-collecting and irrigation water injects.Filter Irrigation water need to be filtered and reach the irrigation norm of 120-200 mesh.The buried depth of micro- profit pipe 2 is 20 centimetres.
Embodiment:
Shanxi belongs to loess hilly landform, and edaphic condition is poor, and soil is extremely difficult on mountain saves a large amount of water.Utilize the utility model institute The micro- profit irrigation system for knob stated, set installation parameter specific as follows:
Micro- profit pipe 2 is embedded to 20 centimetres of 15 depth of soil of terraced fields, using contour pressure controling mode, vertical discrepancy in elevation 2-4 rice; Low head level is using the long micro- profit pipe 2 of 2-2.3 rice;Length is successively reduced, to control water yield, big drop level uses 1.5 meters Long micro- profit pipe;Micro- profit pipe 2 is embedded to position since at drip 2/3, semicircle ditching embedment.
During layout designs of constructing, it is necessary to filter is installed at main suit delivery port position, may be required in into two level Increase fertilization pool before water source position, and fertilization pool outlet is before the filter, prevents the residue particles in fertilizer from blocking micro- profit pipe Micropore;Wherein secondary source, it is interpreted as the water source of main pipeline and branch pipe(tube), it is desirable to increase cement plate in pressure regulating reservoir 7 Covering, it is necessary to using end link circuit mode;Further, air bleeding valve 8 is set in the end eminence of branch pipe(tube) 1, reduces scale Change the exhaust work amount in plantation use;Simultaneously draining flushing valve 9 is used in the end lower of branch pipe(tube) 1;Every tree is lower using half Round laying, reserve unified fertilising space and region of reasonably applying fertilizer;The necessary normalized width of ditching and position, micro- profit pipe 2 must Fixed ideal position must be embedded to, i.e., buried depth is away from tread height 2013m;Micro- necessary first water-filling of profit pipe 2 is formed after wetting body Can backfill;All field pipelines can not be exposed, including 16PE pipes must also be embedded to underground;Pipe laying is carried out according to every row, is played a game The more fruit tree staggered cases in portion, ownership is divided as principle using contour plane and is connected to certain row, arranges ditching properly;Lay 16PE pipe and During micro- profit pipe, 16PE pipes must be laid slightly above or parallel to micro- profit pipe.During micro- profit pipe laying, it is impossible to give a discount, distort, as far as possible It is straight, keep same band face-up.
From Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, in the case of field crops are duplicate rows or three rows, the field arrangement that micro- profit is irrigated can root Regular arrangement is carried out according to the micro- profit device of tread and domatic micro- profit device.
Wherein, the technical parameter about micro- profit pipe refers to table 1, and related accessory parameter refers to table 2;
Micro- profit Manifold technology parameter(Table 1)
Related accessory parameter(Table 2)
Finally it should be noted that:Above example is only to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, rather than it is carried out Limitation, although the utility model is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, those skilled in the art is to foregoing reality Apply the technical scheme described in example to modify, including partly or entirely technical characteristic of the present utility model is equally replaced Change, the essence of its appropriate technical solution is without departing from the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of micro- profit irrigation system of terraced fields for knob, including pass through main pipeline(D)The iirigation water source being sequentially connected Collection device(A), fertilizer apparatus(B), filter(C)With micro- profit device, it is characterised in that:Micro- profit device is adjusted including pressure Pond(7)And pass through branch pipe(tube)(1)With pressure regulating reservoir(7)The micro- profit device of tread of connection and domatic micro- profit device, pressure regulation Pond(7)It is arranged on every layer of tread, the micro- profit device of tread includes passing through threeway(3)Connection is arranged on first branch pipe of crop one end Road(1.1)With pass through elbow(10)Connection is arranged on crop(6)Second branch pipe(tube) of the other end(1.2), the first branch pipe(tube)(1.1) With the second branch pipe(tube)(1.2)Away from pressure regulating reservoir(7)Side be connected to air bleeding valve(8)With draining flushing valve(9), First branch pipe(tube)(1.1)With the second branch pipe(tube)(1.2)Between be connected to and crop(6)The micro- profit pipe of arc of identical quantity(2), The micro- profit pipe of arc(2)It is straight-through by single head lock(4)It is connected with transition conduit(5), transition conduit(5)Pass through threeway respectively(3)With One branch pipe(tube)(1.1)With the second branch pipe(tube)(1.2)Connection;Domatic micro- profit device includes passing through threeway(3)Connection is arranged on crop (6)First branch pipe(tube) of one end(1.1)With pass through elbow(10)Connection is arranged on crop(6)Second branch pipe(tube) of the other end (1.2), the first branch pipe(tube)(1.1)With the second branch pipe(tube)(1.2)Each it is connected with respectively at its on pipeline around crop(6)In half Micro- profit pipe that circle is set(2).
A kind of 2. micro- profit irrigation system of terraced fields for knob according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Pressure is adjusted Save pond(7)The quantity set on every layer of tread is 1.
A kind of 3. micro- profit irrigation system of terraced fields for knob according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Exhaust Valve(8)Set absolute altitude is more than draining flushing valve(9)Absolute altitude.
A kind of 4. micro- profit irrigation system of terraced fields for knob according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that:Fill Irrigating the irrigation water source in water source collection device includes rainwater-collecting and irrigation water injection.
A kind of 5. micro- profit irrigation system of terraced fields for knob according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Filtering dress Putting need to filter irrigation water and reach the irrigation norm of 120-200 mesh.
A kind of 6. micro- profit irrigation system of terraced fields for knob according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Micro- profit pipe (2)Buried depth be 20 centimetres away from ground.
CN201720397017.4U 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 A kind of micro- profit irrigation system of terraced fields for knob Expired - Fee Related CN206949100U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111990005A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-27 贺勇衡 Method for reclaiming paddy field from soil, hilly and mountain land

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111990005A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-27 贺勇衡 Method for reclaiming paddy field from soil, hilly and mountain land

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Granted publication date: 20180202

Termination date: 20180417