CN110301334A - A kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping - Google Patents

A kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110301334A
CN110301334A CN201910693707.8A CN201910693707A CN110301334A CN 110301334 A CN110301334 A CN 110301334A CN 201910693707 A CN201910693707 A CN 201910693707A CN 110301334 A CN110301334 A CN 110301334A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
irrigation
dropper
fertilizer
connect
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Pending
Application number
CN201910693707.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵玺
周彦芳
张亚萍
张靖
张兆萍
施志国
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Gansu Research Institute Of Agricultural Engineering Technology
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Gansu Research Institute Of Agricultural Engineering Technology
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Priority to CN201910693707.8A priority Critical patent/CN110301334A/en
Publication of CN110301334A publication Critical patent/CN110301334A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping.The irrigation dropper system includes water supply device and pipeline transporter;Water supply device is for supplying irrigation water;Pipeline transporter, for conveying the irrigation water, including main pipeline, several branch pipes and several drip irrigation zones;Main pipeline is connect with water supply device and several branch pipes respectively;Several holes are provided on every branch pipe, each hole is respectively connected with a drip irrigation zone;Multiple Crop Species plant holes are passed through in every drip irrigation zone sprawling;At least one water dropper is provided in every crop root setting range of distance on drip irrigation zone;It is respectively corresponded immediately below each water dropper and is provided with water inlet pipe;Water inlet pipe is inserted vertically into the surface layer of described kind of plant hole.Water dropper is arranged in irrigation dropper system of the invention on drip irrigation zone, and water inlet pipe is arranged immediately below water dropper, and irrigation water is directly sent into crop root by water inlet pipe, reduces irrigation water in the evaporation of earth's surface, improves water use efficiency.

Description

A kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping
Technical field
The present invention relates to water-saving irrigation technique fields, more particularly to a kind of irrigation dropper of desertificated area long-term cropping System.
Background technique
Desertification has become one of current whole world ecological environment problem the most serious, infers according to UNEP (United Nations Environment Program), mesh The land of previous existence boundary treaty 1/4, threat of 2/3 countries and regions by desertification.Since desertificated area has annual rainfall Less, the features such as average annual rainfall is unevenly distributed weighing apparatus, and evaporation capacity is big, when making the long-term cropping in desert, a large amount of water of irrigation pass through steaming Breaking-out has that the waste of irrigation water and utilization rate are low, seriously hinders traditional agriculture in desert with returning in air Change regional development.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of irrigation dropper systems of desertificated area long-term cropping, reduce desertificated area Evaporated quantity of water is irrigated, water use efficiency is improved.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following schemes:
A kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping, including water supply device and pipeline transporter;
The water supply device is connect with the pipeline transporter;The water supply device is for supplying irrigation water;
The pipeline transporter, for conveying the irrigation water, including main pipeline, several branch pipes and several trickle irrigations Band;
The main pipeline is connect with the water supply device and several branch pipes respectively;
Several holes are provided on every branch pipe, each hole is respectively connected with a drip irrigation zone;Described in every Multiple Crop Species plant holes are passed through in drip irrigation zone sprawling;
At least one water dropper is provided in every crop root setting range of distance on the drip irrigation zone;Each drop It is respectively corresponded immediately below head and is provided with water inlet pipe;The water inlet pipe is inserted vertically into the surface layer of described kind of plant hole;
The water dropper is used to instill the irrigation water conveyed in the drip irrigation zone in the water inlet pipe;The water inlet pipe For the irrigation water to be sent directly into crop root.
Optionally, the irrigation dropper system further includes controller,
The controller is connect with the water supply device, provides the irrigation water for controlling the water supply device.
Optionally, the water supply device includes motor-pumped well and forebay;
Centrifugal pump is provided in the motor-pumped well, the centrifugal pump is for groundwater abstraction for needed for irrigation;
The pump line of the centrifugal pump is connect with the forebay;
Water pump is provided in the forebay, the pump line of the water pump is connect with the main pipeline;
The forebay is for precipitating the underground water.
Optionally, it is provided with the first solenoid valve on the pump line of the centrifugal pump, is provided with second on the pump line of the water pump Solenoid valve;
First solenoid valve and the second solenoid valve are connect with the controller respectively.
Optionally, filter is additionally provided on the main pipeline, the filter is used to filter in the irrigation water Grain object;
The filter is multiple groups disc-type filter.
Optionally, it is additionally provided with flowmeter on the main pipeline, for counting irrigation water capacity;
The flowmeter is between the filter and the branch pipe.
Optionally, the irrigation dropper system further includes fertilizer apparatus, and the fertilizer apparatus is connect with the controller;
The fertilizer apparatus includes fertilizer applicator and fertilizer spreading tank,
Blender is provided in the fertilizer spreading tank, the blender is for the solid dissolvable in fertilizer spreading tank described in fast melt Fertilizer;
The fertilzer sucking pipe of the fertilizer applicator is inserted in the fertilizer spreading tank below liquid level;The fertilzer sucking pipe end is provided with net formula mistake Filter;
The fertilising pipe of the fertilizer applicator is connect with the main pipeline,
Third solenoid valve is provided on the fertilising pipe;
The third solenoid valve is connect with the controller, passes through opening or closing described in control for the third solenoid valve Fertilizer apparatus is applied fertilizer or stops applying fertilizer.
Optionally, the drip irrigation zone is extended along the rectilinear direction bending that the Crop Species plant hole is formed;
The drip irrigation zone is fixed on the crop by binding strap.
Optionally, the irrigation dropper system further includes power supply unit, for powering to the drip irrigation system.
Optionally, described kind of plant hole surface layer is provided with water conservation coating, and the water conservation coating is impermeable material.
The specific embodiment provided according to the present invention, the invention discloses following technical effects:
Irrigation dropper system of the invention, is provided with water dropper, and water inlet pipe is provided with immediately below water dropper on drip irrigation zone, Irrigation water is directly sent into crop root by water inlet pipe, irrigation water is reduced in the evaporation of earth's surface, improves water use efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
It in order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, below will be to institute in embodiment Attached drawing to be used is needed to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some implementations of the invention Example, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can also obtain according to these attached drawings Obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the irrigation dropper system schematic of desertificated area long-term cropping provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that drip irrigation zone provided in an embodiment of the present invention is laid with schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is that water inlet pipe provided in an embodiment of the present invention buries schematic diagram;
Description of symbols: 1- motor-pumped well, 2- centrifugal pump, 3- forebay, the first solenoid valve of 4-, 5- controller, 6- power supply Device, 7- second solenoid valve, 8- filter, 9- third solenoid valve, 10- fertilizer spreading tank, 11- fertilizer applicator, 12- flowmeter, 13- supervisor Road, 14- branch pipe, the drip irrigation zone 15-, 16- kind plant hole, 17- water inlet pipe.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of irrigation dropper systems of desertificated area long-term cropping, reduce desertificated area Evaporated quantity of water is irrigated, water use efficiency is improved.
In order to make the foregoing objectives, features and advantages of the present invention clearer and more comprehensible, with reference to the accompanying drawing and specific real Applying mode, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the irrigation dropper system schematic of desertificated area long-term cropping provided in an embodiment of the present invention;Such as Fig. 1 institute Show, a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping, including water supply device and pipeline transporter;The water supply dress It sets and is connect with the pipeline transporter;The water supply device is for supplying irrigation water;The pipeline transporter, for conveying The irrigation water, including main pipeline 13, several branch pipes 14 and several drip irrigation zones 15;Main pipeline 13 uses Φ in the present embodiment 63PE type pipeline, branch pipe 14 use Φ 40PE type pipeline.
The main pipeline 13 is connect with the water supply device and several branch pipes 14 respectively;
Several holes are provided on every branch pipe 14, each hole is respectively connected with a drip irrigation zone 15;Every Multiple Crop Species plant holes 16 are passed through in the sprawling of drip irrigation zone 15, and crop is by taking fructus lycii tree as an example in the present embodiment, specifically in branch pipe It is punched on 14 again through bypass connection drip irrigation zone 15.
Fig. 2 is that drip irrigation zone provided in an embodiment of the present invention is laid with schematic diagram, and Fig. 3 is water inlet pipe provided in an embodiment of the present invention Embedded schematic diagram is provided at least 1 in every crop root setting range of distance on the drip irrigation zone 15 as shown in Figure 2,3 A water dropper;It is respectively corresponded immediately below each water dropper and is provided with water inlet pipe 17;The water inlet pipe 17 is inserted vertically into the plantation In the surface layer in cave 16;The water dropper is used to the irrigation water conveyed in the drip irrigation zone 15 instilling the water inlet pipe 17 It is interior;The water inlet pipe 17 is used to the irrigation water being sent directly into crop root.The drip irrigation zone 15 is along the Crop Species plant hole The 16 rectilinear direction bendings formed are extended;The drip irrigation zone 15 is fixed on the crop by binding strap.
Specifically, the extended mode of the bending of drip irrigation zone 15 are as follows: prolong along the rectilinear direction bending that Crop Species plant hole is formed It stretches, two adjacent crops is made to be located at the two sides of drip irrigation zone 15.
Drip irrigation zone 15 is set in a manner of extension to be bent, so that two adjacent crops is located at 15 two sides of drip irrigation zone, favorably When blowing larger in Desert Area, since adjacent crop is located at 15 two sides of drip irrigation zone, enhances and the fixed of drip irrigation zone 15 is made With, prevent drip irrigation zone 15 by big wind disheveled, change the relative position of water dropper and water inlet pipe 17, cause irrigation water cannot smoothly from Water dropper instills the problem in water inlet pipe 17.
Drip irrigation zone 15 uses common internally-inlaid patch drip irrigation zone in the present embodiment, and water dropper is arranged in each drip irrigation zone 15 Portion, two drip irrigation zones 15 are one group, and the rectilinear direction formed along Crop Species plant hole is intersected bending and is extended, and crosspoint, which is located at, to be made The center of species plant hole makes every crop be supplied water by two drip irrigation zones 15, by being all provided on two drip irrigation zones 15 of every crop There are two water droppers, are distributed in the two sides of crop, a corresponding water inlet pipe 17 under each water dropper.Water inlet pipe 17 uses the Φ of long 50cm 30PVC pipe.
15 water flow of drip irrigation zone and water dropper spacing are designed all in accordance with plant growth habit and plantation characteristic, such as in fructus lycii In tree planting, water dropper spacing 1.2m is set, water flow 3L/h, water yield is big, and irrigation speed is fast, advantageously reduces moisture steaming Hair.
Described kind of 16 surface layer of plant hole is provided with water conservation coating, and the water conservation coating is impermeable material.
Water conservation coating can reduce soil water evaporation, and be coupled water inlet pipe 17, and moisture is made to be directly entered soil Inside corresponds to the basic of crop, improves efficiency of water application while reducing moisture evaporation.
The irrigation dropper system further includes controller 5, and the controller 5 is connect, for controlling with the water supply device The water supply device provides the irrigation water.
The water supply device includes motor-pumped well 1 and forebay 3;
Centrifugal pump 2 is provided in the motor-pumped well 1, the centrifugal pump 2 is for groundwater abstraction for needed for irrigation;
The pump line of the centrifugal pump 2 is connect with the forebay 3;
Water pump is provided in the forebay 3, the pump line of the water pump is connect with the main pipeline 13;
The forebay 3 is for precipitating the underground water.
Desertificated area underground water silt content is big, if underground water is directly entered drip irrigation system and can destroy the component of a system, makes At pipeline silt sand, emitter clogging etc. reduces by setting forebay 3 by the sediment deposition in underground water and enters drip irrigation system Silt.
It is provided with the first solenoid valve 4 on the pump line of the centrifugal pump 2, is provided with second solenoid valve on the pump line of the water pump 7;First solenoid valve 4, the second solenoid valve 7 are connect with the controller 5 respectively.
Filter 8 is additionally provided on the main pipeline 13, the filter 8 is used to filter the particle in the irrigation water Object;The filter 8 is multiple groups disc-type filter.
It is additionally provided with flowmeter 12 on the main pipeline 13, for counting irrigation water capacity;The flowmeter 12 is located at institute It states between filter 8 and the branch pipe 14.Flowmeter 12 uses teletransmission ultrasonic flowmeter in the present embodiment.
The irrigation dropper system further includes fertilizer apparatus, and the fertilizer apparatus is connect with the controller 5;
The fertilizer apparatus includes fertilizer applicator 11 and fertilizer spreading tank 10, and fertilizer applicator 11 is hydro powered proportion expression in the present embodiment Fertilizer applicator 11;Blender is provided in the fertilizer spreading tank 10, the blender is for consolidating in fertilizer spreading tank 10 described in fast melt The solvable fertilizer of body;The fertilzer sucking pipe of the fertilizer applicator 11 is inserted in the fertilizer spreading tank 10 below liquid level;The fertilzer sucking pipe end is provided with Well strainer;The fertilising pipe of the fertilizer applicator 11 is connect with the main pipeline 13, is provided with third electromagnetism on the fertilising pipe Valve 9;The third solenoid valve 9 is connect with the controller 5, passes through opening or closing described in control for the third solenoid valve 9 Fertilizer apparatus is applied fertilizer or stops applying fertilizer.
The irrigation dropper system further includes power supply unit 6, for powering to the drip irrigation system.
The power supply unit 6 specifically uses wind-photovoltaic complementary power supply system, efficiently uses solar energy and powered by wind energy.
The irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping of the invention can also realize following technical effect:
(1) using wind-photovoltaic complementary power supply system as power supply unit, while efficiently using solar energy, economize on resources, solution It has determined the problem of field distribution inconvenience.
(2) precision irrigation, accurate fertilizing are realized using irrigation control system, prevents water resource excess waste, alleviates famine The problem of desertization regional water lacks.
(3) forebay and filter are utilized, can effectively solve the problem that desertificated area underground water sand content is big, drip irrigation zone drop Head is easy the problem of blocking.
(4) the sufficiently fusion of water and fertilizer can be made using hydro powered proportion expression fertilizer applicator, can effectively solve the problem that fertilizer drop is applied Non-uniform phenomenon.
(5) setting of water inlet pipe can guarantee that liquid manure can pass through water conservation coating, directly be sent to crop root, reduce ground Face evaporation, while greatly improving the survival rate of liquid manure utilization efficiency and crop.
(6) drip irrigation zone is laid with the method extended using bending, and is fixed in the root of every crop with binding strap, effectively anti- Only drip irrigation zone by water dropper after big wind disheveled far from water inlet pipe, the problem of being not easy into water.
Used herein a specific example illustrates the principle and implementation of the invention, and above embodiments are said It is bright to be merely used to help understand method and its core concept of the invention;At the same time, for those skilled in the art, foundation Thought of the invention, there will be changes in the specific implementation manner and application range.In conclusion the content of the present specification is not It is interpreted as limitation of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping, which is characterized in that
Including water supply device and pipeline transporter;
The water supply device is connect with the pipeline transporter;The water supply device is for supplying irrigation water;
The pipeline transporter, for conveying the irrigation water, including main pipeline, several branch pipes and several drip irrigation zones;
The main pipeline is connect with the water supply device and several branch pipes respectively;
Several holes are provided on every branch pipe, each hole is respectively connected with a drip irrigation zone;Every trickle irrigation Multiple Crop Species plant holes are passed through in band sprawling;
At least one water dropper is provided in every crop root setting range of distance on the drip irrigation zone;Each water dropper is just Lower section, which respectively corresponds, is provided with water inlet pipe;The water inlet pipe is inserted vertically into the surface layer of described kind of plant hole;
The water dropper is used to instill the irrigation water conveyed in the drip irrigation zone in the water inlet pipe;The water inlet pipe is used for The irrigation water is sent directly into crop root.
2. a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
The irrigation dropper system further includes controller,
The controller is connect with the water supply device, provides the irrigation water for controlling the water supply device.
3. a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping according to claim 2, which is characterized in that
The water supply device includes motor-pumped well and forebay;
Centrifugal pump is provided in the motor-pumped well, the centrifugal pump is for groundwater abstraction for needed for irrigation;
The pump line of the centrifugal pump is connect with the forebay;
Water pump is provided in the forebay, the pump line of the water pump is connect with the main pipeline;
The forebay is for precipitating the underground water.
4. a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping according to claim 3, which is characterized in that
It is provided with the first solenoid valve on the pump line of the centrifugal pump, is provided with second solenoid valve on the pump line of the water pump;
First solenoid valve and the second solenoid valve are connect with the controller respectively.
5. a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
Filter is additionally provided on the main pipeline, the filter is used to filter the particulate matter in the irrigation water;
The filter is multiple groups disc-type filter.
6. a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping according to claim 5, which is characterized in that
It is additionally provided with flowmeter on the main pipeline, for counting irrigation water capacity;
The flowmeter is between the filter and the branch pipe.
7. a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping according to claim 2, which is characterized in that
The irrigation dropper system further includes fertilizer apparatus, and the fertilizer apparatus is connect with the controller;
The fertilizer apparatus includes fertilizer applicator and fertilizer spreading tank,
Blender is provided in the fertilizer spreading tank, the blender is for the solid dissolvable fertilizer in fertilizer spreading tank described in fast melt;
The fertilzer sucking pipe of the fertilizer applicator is inserted in the fertilizer spreading tank below liquid level;The fertilzer sucking pipe end is provided with the filtering of net formula Device;
The fertilising pipe of the fertilizer applicator is connect with the main pipeline,
Third solenoid valve is provided on the fertilising pipe;
The third solenoid valve is connect with the controller, opens or closes the control fertilising by the third solenoid valve Device is applied fertilizer or stops applying fertilizer.
8. a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
The drip irrigation zone is extended along the rectilinear direction bending that the Crop Species plant hole is formed;
The drip irrigation zone is fixed on the crop by binding strap.
9. a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
The irrigation dropper system further includes power supply unit, for powering to the drip irrigation system.
10. a kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
Described kind of plant hole surface layer is provided with water conservation coating, and the water conservation coating is impermeable material.
CN201910693707.8A 2019-07-30 2019-07-30 A kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping Pending CN110301334A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910693707.8A CN110301334A (en) 2019-07-30 2019-07-30 A kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910693707.8A CN110301334A (en) 2019-07-30 2019-07-30 A kind of irrigation dropper system of desertificated area long-term cropping

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CN110301334A true CN110301334A (en) 2019-10-08

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112167012A (en) * 2020-09-07 2021-01-05 中铁第一勘察设计院集团有限公司 Railway sand wind plane micro-seepage drip irrigation system in desertification region and construction method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112167012A (en) * 2020-09-07 2021-01-05 中铁第一勘察设计院集团有限公司 Railway sand wind plane micro-seepage drip irrigation system in desertification region and construction method thereof

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