CN104982284B - A kind of Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method - Google Patents

A kind of Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104982284B
CN104982284B CN201510337028.9A CN201510337028A CN104982284B CN 104982284 B CN104982284 B CN 104982284B CN 201510337028 A CN201510337028 A CN 201510337028A CN 104982284 B CN104982284 B CN 104982284B
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China
Prior art keywords
cuttage
seedbed
fringe bar
stem section
plastic
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CN201510337028.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104982284A (en
Inventor
刘军
姜景民
韩东坤
岳华峰
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Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry of Chinese Academy of Forestry
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Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry of Chinese Academy of Forestry
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, comprises the following steps:(1) cuttage seedbed is prepared;(2) cuttage fringe bar is prepared;(3) cuttage tloig-cutlage made from step (2) is entered in the ready cuttage seedbed of step (1);(4) managed after cuttage;(5) cuttage transplantation of seedlings.The present invention is not only simple easily to be grasped, and positive effect, and can significantly improve Michelia seeds cutting propagation survival rate.

Description

A kind of Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Forest Cultivation technical field, more particularly to a kind of Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method.
Background technology
Michelia (Michelia L.) is second largest category in Magnoliaceae (Magnoliaceae).This category there are about 80 kinds, distribution In Tropical Asian and subtropical zone.China there are about 70 kinds, mainly originate in the west and south to east, more with the west and south;Suitable growth in Warm and moist weather, acid soil, it is the important composition seeds of evergreen broadleaf forest.Michelia seeds are tree-like glorious, quiet and tastefully laid out, and the flowers are in blossom Such as laugh at, giving off a strong fragrance attacks people, be greening, the important species viewed and admired with flower garden of beautifying the environment;Its timber is excellent, is good furniture, builds Build and use material, and also respectively have purposes in medicinal, spices etc..Therefore, it is a kind of plant with huge potential using value Thing.In recent years, as people are to having a smile on one's face the intensification of platymiscium understanding, the application value of the platymiscium progressively obtain exploitation and Utilize, be widely used in the greening configuration such as park, garden, scenic spot and " by the of four ".At present, Michelia seeds breeding with Based on propagation by grafiting, due to being influenceed by graft technology and stock, seedling propagation speed is slower, it is difficult to meets market to its need Ask.
The content of the invention
In view of this, it is not only simple easily to grasp the invention reside in a kind of Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method is provided, and Positive effect, and Michelia seeds cutting propagation survival rate can be significantly improved.
To solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:A kind of Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, including Following steps:
(1) cuttage seedbed is prepared;
(2) cuttage fringe bar is prepared;
(3) cuttage tloig-cutlage made from step (2) is entered in the ready cuttage seedbed of step (1);
(4) managed after cuttage;
(5) cuttage transplantation of seedlings.
Above-mentioned Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, step (1) lays cuttage seedbed with cuttage matrix, after completing Patted with plank smooth;The cuttage is 15cm with seedbed thickness.
Above-mentioned Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, step (1) also include preparing cutting propagation instrument and material.
Above-mentioned Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, cutting propagation instrument and material include carbendazim, red heart soil, originally The shading screen of the wide bamboo chips of the long 3cm of water, water sprager, Plastic Drum, scissors, plastic sheeting, 2m and shading rate 65%.
Above-mentioned Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, the cuttage are red heart soil with matrix, or red heart soil, minishanny and sand are pressed Mass ratio 3:1:2 mixtures formed, or red heart soil, minishanny, sand and potassium fulvate in mass ratio 3:1:2:1.5 mixing formed Thing, or red heart soil, minishanny, sand, potassium fulvate and humic acid in mass ratio 3:1:2:1:2 mixtures formed.
Above-mentioned Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, step (2) comprise the following steps:
(a) cuttage stem section is prepared;
(b) cuttage made from step (a) is subjected to processing with stem section and cuttage fringe bar is made.
Above-mentioned Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, step (a) comprise the following steps:
(A) the healthy and strong and disease-free plant of growth selection, the branch of clip semi-lignified;
(B) branch of step (A) clip is cut into the stem section that length is 10cm, each stem section at least 2 leaves with scissors 2 leaves are left in bud and stem section upper end, produce cuttage stem section.
Above-mentioned Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, step (b) are with stem section 500ppm by cuttage made from step (a) Carbendazim solution soak 15 minutes after i.e. can obtain cuttage fringe bar.
Above-mentioned Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, step (3) are that cuttage tloig-cutlage made from step (2) is entered into step Suddenly (1) ready cuttage seedbed, during cuttage, in the lower end insertion cuttage matrix of cuttage fringe bar, cuttage fringe bar Insertion cuttage is at least the 1/2 of cuttage cuttings length with the length in matrix, and at least closes on the leaf of cuttage fringe bar lower end Son is exposed at outside cuttage seedbed to cuttage with the cuttage between the termination of fringe bar upper end with fringe bar, and the spacing in the rows of cuttage fringe bar is 10~ 15cm。
Above-mentioned Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, step (4) comprise the following steps:
(i) after cuttage tloig-cutlage enters cuttage seedbed, cuttage is irrigated with seedbed with 500ppm carbendazim solution;
(ii) plastic canopy capping made of plastic sheeting and bamboo chip will be used above cuttage seedbed, and by plastic canopy Surrounding is sealed;
(iii) it has been capped after plastic canopy, in cuttage with being capped the shading screen that double-deck shading rate is 65% above seedbed, First layer shading screen is apart from ground 0.5m, and second layer shading screen is apart from ground 2m;
(iv) it is 25 DEG C to keep temperature in plastic canopy;
(v) produce cuttage seedling after cuttage is taken root with fringe bar, raise plastic sheeting during the dusk and seedbed is watered, until cuttage It is more than or equal to 60% with soil humidity;
(vi) plastic canopy both sides ventilation 2-7 days are raised after cuttage is germinateed with seedling, during the dusk, remove plastic canopy, and spray The carbendazim solution for applying 500ppm carries out blade sterilization;
(vii) cuttage carries out cuttage transplantation of seedlings after growing 2 young leaves with seedling.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. simple easily grasp of the invention, anyone slightly trains can independent operation.
2. the cost that Michelia seeds cutting propagation is carried out using the present invention is relatively low.
3. the present invention, which solve thes problems, such as that temperature is too high, causes cuttage seedling death.
4. carrying out Michelia seeds cutting propagation using the present invention, cuttage survival rate is significantly improved.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the FB(flow block) of Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method of the present invention.
Embodiment
For the scheme in the clear explanation present invention, preferred embodiment detailed description is given below.
Embodiment 1
Cutting time was selected in mid-May.
Cutting propagation operates with a smile, comprises the following steps:
(1) cuttage seedbed and cutting propagation instrument and material are prepared:Cutting propagation instrument and material include more bacterium Spirit, the shade of red heart soil, running water, water sprager, Plastic Drum, scissors, plastic sheeting, the wide bamboo chips of the long 3cm of 2m and shading rate 65% Net;After cutting propagation instrument and material preparation, cuttage seedbed is laid, specific method is:Laid with cuttage with matrix Cuttage seedbed, it is smooth with plank beating after completing;The cuttage is 15cm with seedbed thickness, wherein, skewer in the present embodiment It is red heart soil to insert with matrix, and rooting rate is up to 86%.
(2) cuttage fringe bar is prepared, is comprised the following steps;
(a) cuttage stem section is prepared, specific steps comprise the following steps;
(A) the healthy and strong and disease-free plant of growth selection, the branch of clip semi-lignified;
(B) branch of step (A) clip is cut into the stem section that length is 10cm with scissors, each stem section have 2 leaf buds and 2 leaves are left in stem section upper end, produce cuttage stem section;
(b) it is i.e. available after cuttage stem section made from step (a) is soaked 15 minutes with 500ppm carbendazim solution Cuttage fringe bar;
(3) cuttage tloig-cutlage made from step (2) is entered in the ready cuttage seedbed of step (1), specific behaviour As;Cuttage tloig-cutlage made from step (2) is entered into the ready cuttage seedbed of step (1), during cuttage, cuttage used In the lower end insertion cuttage matrix of fringe bar, cuttage is at least cuttage with the length in matrix with fringe bar insertion cuttage and grown with fringe bar The 1/2 of degree, and close on cuttage and be exposed at skewer with fringe bar with the cuttage between the termination of fringe bar upper end to cuttage with the leaf of fringe bar lower end Outside slotting seedbed, the spacing in the rows of cuttage fringe bar is 10~15cm
(4) manage, comprise the following steps after cuttage;
(i) after cuttage tloig-cutlage enters cuttage seedbed, cuttage is irrigated with seedbed with 500ppm carbendazim solution;
(ii) plastic canopy capping made of plastic sheeting and bamboo chip will be used above cuttage seedbed, and by plastic canopy Surrounding is sealed;
(iii) it has been capped after plastic canopy, in cuttage with being capped the shading screen that double-deck shading rate is 65% above seedbed, First layer shading screen is apart from ground 0.5m, and second layer shading screen is apart from ground 2m;
(iv) it is 25 DEG C to keep temperature in plastic canopy;
(v) cuttage tloig-cutlage to cuttage seedbed 60 days or so, the lower end of cuttage fringe bar starts to take root, after taking root Cuttage with fringe bar be cuttage seedling skewer, now it should be noted that the humidity of observation cuttage matrix, when cuttage soil humidity is low When 60%, answer at candlelight in time to raise plastic sheeting watering;
(vi) cuttage tloig-cutlage to cuttage seedbed 90 days or so, cuttage seedling starts to germinate;Cuttage is germinateed with seedling Afterwards, plastic canopy both sides ventilation 2-7 days are raised during the dusk, remove plastic canopy, and the carbendazim solution for spraying 500ppm is carried out Blade is sterilized;
(vii) cuttage carries out cuttage transplantation of seedlings after growing 2 young leaves with seedling;
(5) cuttage transplantation of seedlings.
Using the method for the present invention, the cuttage survival rate of cuttage seedling is up to 92.5%.
Embodiment 2
Cutting time was selected in mid-August.
In the present embodiment, cutting propagation instrument and material, the laying in cuttage seedbed, the preparation of cuttage fringe bar, skewer Management and all same of embodiment 1 after the cuttage and cuttage of slotting fringe bar.
After 2 young leaves being grown Deng cuttage with seedling, it is possible to carry out the transplanting of cuttage seedling.Cuttage seedling in this period Cuttage survival rate is up to 89.1%.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 1 are:The cuttage is red heart soil, minishanny and sand in mass ratio 3 with matrix: 1:2 mixtures formed.The matrix permeability that the present invention selects is good, and insulation, water conservation are all good, and rooting rate is up to 90%;Cuttage is used The cuttage survival rate of seedling is up to 94.3%.
Embodiment 4
The present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 1 are:The cuttage is red heart soil, minishanny, sand and potassium fulvate with matrix In mass ratio 3:1:2:1.5 mixtures formed.The matrix permeability that the present invention selects is good, and insulation, water conservation are all good, and rooting rate can Up to 93%;The cuttage survival rate of cuttage seedling is up to 96.7%.
Embodiment 5
The present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 1 are:The cuttage with matrix be red heart soil, minishanny, sand, potassium fulvate and Humic acid in mass ratio 3:1:2:1:2 mixtures formed.The matrix permeability that the present invention selects is good, and insulation, water conservation are all good, raw Root rate is up to 96%;The cuttage survival rate of cuttage seedling is up to 98.8%.
Obviously, the above embodiment of the present invention is only intended to clearly illustrate example of the present invention, and is not pair The restriction of embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the field, may be used also on the basis of the above description To make other changes in different forms, all embodiments can not be exhaustive here, it is every to belong to this hair Row of the obvious changes or variations that bright technical scheme is extended out still in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) cuttage seedbed is prepared;It is smooth with plank beating after completing with cuttage matrix laying cuttage seedbed;It is described Cuttage seedbed thickness is 15~20cm;Also include preparing cutting propagation instrument and material;Cutting propagation instrument and material Including carbendazim, cuttage matrix, running water, water sprager, Plastic Drum, scissors, plastic sheeting, the wide bamboo chips of the long 3cm of 2m and shading The shading screen of rate 65%;The cuttage is red heart soil, minishanny, sand, potassium fulvate and humic acid in mass ratio 3 with matrix:1:2: 1:2 mixtures formed;
(2) cuttage fringe bar is prepared;Comprise the following steps:
(a) cuttage stem section is prepared;Comprise the following steps:
(A) the healthy and strong and disease-free plant of growth selection, the branch of clip semi-lignified;
(B) branch of step (A) clip is cut into the stem section that length is 10cm with scissors, each stem section at least 2 leaf buds and 2 leaves are left in stem section upper end, produce cuttage stem section;
(b) cuttage made from step (a) is subjected to processing with stem section and cuttage fringe bar is made;Cuttage made from step (a) is used Stem section can obtain cuttage fringe bar after being soaked 15 minutes with 500ppm carbendazim solution;
(3) cuttage tloig-cutlage made from step (2) is entered in the ready cuttage seedbed of step (1);For by step (2) Obtained cuttage tloig-cutlage enters the ready cuttage seedbed of step (1), and during cuttage, the lower end of cuttage fringe bar is inserted In cuttage matrix, cuttage is at least the 1/2 of cuttage cuttings length with the length in matrix with fringe bar insertion cuttage, and at least Cuttage is closed on to be exposed at outside cuttage seedbed with fringe bar with the cuttage between the termination of fringe bar upper end to cuttage with the leaf of fringe bar lower end, The spacing in the rows of cuttage fringe bar is 10~15cm;
(4) managed after cuttage;Comprise the following steps:
(i) after cuttage tloig-cutlage enters cuttage seedbed, cuttage is irrigated with seedbed with 500ppm carbendazim solution;
(ii) plastic canopy capping made of plastic sheeting and bamboo chip will be used above cuttage seedbed, and by plastic canopy surrounding Sealed;
(iii) it has been capped after plastic canopy, in cuttage with being capped the shading screen that double-deck shading rate is 65% above seedbed, first Layer shading screen is apart from ground 0.5m, and second layer shading screen is apart from ground 2m;
(iv) it is 25 DEG C to keep temperature in plastic canopy;
(v) produce cuttage seedling after cuttage is taken root with fringe bar, raise plastic sheeting during the dusk and seedbed is watered, until cuttage base Matter humidity is more than or equal to 60%;
(vi) plastic canopy both sides ventilation 2-7 days are raised after cuttage is germinateed with seedling, during the dusk, remove plastic canopy, and spray 500ppm carbendazim solution carries out blade sterilization;
(vii) cuttage carries out cuttage transplantation of seedlings after growing 2 young leaves with seedling;
(5) cuttage transplantation of seedlings.
CN201510337028.9A 2015-06-17 2015-06-17 A kind of Michelia seeds cuttage breeding method Expired - Fee Related CN104982284B (en)

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CN106386104A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 四川七彩林业开发有限公司 Five-color Osmanthus fragrans cutting rapid propagation method
CN106879425A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-06-23 广西大学 A kind of rooting method of manglietia glauca cutting propagation
CN107223421A (en) * 2017-05-06 2017-10-03 贵州省山地资源研究所 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture method of passionflower
CN108012686A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-05-11 莆田市生物工程研究所 A kind of dracontomelon duperreanum green tree species cuttage and seedling culture method

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CN103960027B (en) * 2014-05-21 2016-03-02 邵武市林业科学技术推广中心 A kind of cultivation method of Michelia chapensis
CN104303752A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-28 张家港市杨舍镇善港农民专业合作社 Magnolia figo potting method

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