CN104824452A - Cattle formula feed and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Cattle formula feed and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104824452A
CN104824452A CN201510249282.3A CN201510249282A CN104824452A CN 104824452 A CN104824452 A CN 104824452A CN 201510249282 A CN201510249282 A CN 201510249282A CN 104824452 A CN104824452 A CN 104824452A
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weight
feed
chinese medicine
seed
medicine additive
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王永贵
黄河
李鑫
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New Hope Six And Feed Ltd Co
New Hope Liuhe Co Ltd
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New Hope Six And Feed Ltd Co
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Abstract

The invention discloses a cattle formula feed and a preparation method thereof. The feed comprises the following raw materials: millet, mung bean meal, oat meal, pumpkin, shepherd's purse, daylily, lettuce, white gourd, sponge cucumber, balsam pear, kelp, watermelon, soybean meal, a vitamin premix and a trace element premix; and the preparation method comprises the following steps: crushing, mixing and granulating. The cattle formula feed disclosed by the invention has the beneficial effects that the feed disclosed by the invention contains traditional Chinese medicine additives with the effects of ventilating lung qi, relieving asthma, inducing diuresis and removing edema, can strengthen the resistance, and has the advantages of relatively short treatment course, relatively good curative effect, no drug residues, low cost and price and the like; and the traditional Chinese medicine additives are mutually matched with other feed raw materials for interaction, so that the cattle formula feed can not only treat pneumonedema of the cattle, but also meet the nutritional demands of the cattle.

Description

A kind of ox mixed feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to animal and fowl fodder, particularly a kind of ox mixed feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Ox pulmonary edema is that PC blood flow volume is abnormal to be increased, and the liquid component of blood leaks into a kind of non-inflammatory disease caused in alveolar, bronchus and interstitial lung.
Symptom
Suffer from poultry listlessness, poor appetite, present Progressive symmetric erythrokeratodermia expiratory dyspnea, exophthalmos ', venous engorgement, conjunctiva hair clamp, owing to breathing great difficulty, suffer from poultry and get stance more, forelimb happiness station eminence.
Sick just breathe fast and urges, namely presenting severe dyspnea (paranormal 4 one 5 times of respiratory rate) soon, suppress suffer from moo.
Nose permanent current is hemorrhage or containing rose foam-like nose liquid, body temperature is normal, pulse is fast, powerful, and later stage pulse is small and weak, and touch have sharp ears and four limbs then feel ice-cold.
During initial stage stethemia, chest percussion presents half-voiced, and auscultation vesicluar sound is faint abrasive.When there is pulmonary edema, percussion is complete dullness area, and auscultation breath sound extremely weakens, or disappears, and can only hear expiratory dyspnea and send " puffing and blow " sound.
The feature of this disease is unexpected generation, expiratory dyspnea, and ill domestic animal spirit is uneasy, distension of jugular vein, conjunctiva is issued, and especially pulmonary edema is serious, nasal cavity flows out with foamed pink nose juice, and the most reliable diagnosis basis suffers from poultry expiratory dyspnea, sometimes suppresses dehisce to breathe heavily.Diminished breath sound during auscultation, percussion chest is whole dullness areas.Body temperature is normal, and blood routine examination leucocyte is normal or higher.But do not have body temperature to raise change, the diminished breath sound of auscultation lung, percussion is voiced sound.Routine blood test chemical examination is normal, and lobar pneumonia has obvious difference.
At present, treat ox pulmonary edema mainly ephedrine, penicillin, streptomysin etc. with the use of.There is its defect in the treatment of doctor trained in Western medicine, occurs more toxic and side effect, there is no special effective therapy at present to this disease, and side effect is large, and result for the treatment of is undesirable, and drug therapy early stage results is good, and the later stage is generally invalid.
But the Chinese medicine ox pulmonary edema initial stage not only has the antiviral of western modern medicine waits effect, and to freeing lung and relieving asthma, inducing diuresis for removing edema, be auxiliary with strengthening the spleen and replenishing qi, can strengthen its resistivity, the course for the treatment of is shorter, and curative effect is better, have no drug resistance, drug residue free, cost price is cheap, can effective symptom management.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of mixed feed of Chinese medicine additive containing being used for the treatment of ox pulmonary edema, the Feed Energy containing this Chinese medicine additive is adopted to overcome the various defects of Chinese medicine of the prior art and Western medicine, have freeing lung and relieving asthma, the effect of inducing diuresis for removing edema, can strengthen its resistivity, the course for the treatment of is shorter, and curative effect is better, prolonged application has no drug resistance, drug residue free, cost price is cheap, can effective symptom management.
In order to realize foregoing invention object, the invention provides a kind of ox mixed feed, it is characterized in that, described feed comprises following raw material: millet, mung bean flour, oatmeal, pumpkin, shepherd's purse, day lily, lettuce, wax gourd, sponge gourd, balsam pear, sea-tangle, watermelon, soyabean expeller, vitamin premix and microelement pre-mix material.
In described feed, the parts by weight of each raw material are: millet 20-30 weight portion, mung bean flour 10-15 weight portion, oatmeal 30-60 weight portion, pumpkin 15-20 weight portion, shepherd's purse 15-20 weight portion, day lily 10-15 weight portion, lettuce 15-25 weight portion, wax gourd 30-50 weight portion, sponge gourd 10-20 weight portion, balsam pear 20-30 weight portion, sea-tangle 10-30 weight portion, watermelon 25-35 weight portion, soyabean expeller 15-30 weight portion, vitamin premix 0.1-0.5 weight portion and microelement pre-mix material 0.1-0.5 weight portion.
Described feed also comprises Chinese medicine additive, in described feed, the parts by weight of each raw material are: millet 20-30 weight portion, mung bean flour 10-15 weight portion, oatmeal 30-60 weight portion, pumpkin 15-20 weight portion, shepherd's purse 15-20 weight portion, day lily 10-15 weight portion, lettuce 15-25 weight portion, wax gourd 30-50 weight portion, sponge gourd 10-20 weight portion, balsam pear 20-30 weight portion, sea-tangle 10-30 weight portion, watermelon 25-35 weight portion, soyabean expeller 15-30 weight portion, vitamin premix 0.1-0.5 weight portion, microelement pre-mix material 0.1-0.5 weight portion and Chinese medicine additive 2-5 weight portion.
In described feed, the parts by weight of each raw material are: millet 26 weight portion, mung bean flour 12 weight portion, oatmeal 50 weight portion, pumpkin 18 weight portion, shepherd's purse 16 weight portion, day lily 13 weight portion, lettuce 21 weight portion, wax gourd 46 weight portion, sponge gourd 15 weight portion, balsam pear 22 weight portion, sea-tangle 19 weight portion, watermelon 33 weight portion, soyabean expeller 24 weight portion, vitamin premix 0.5 weight portion, microelement pre-mix material 0.3 weight portion and Chinese medicine additive 4 weight portion.
Described Chinese medicine additive comprises following raw medicinal material: Chinese ephedra, water hyacinth root, lepidium seed, cassia twig, raphani,radix, Syringa amurensis, Scirpus tabernaemontani, canereed spiralflag rhizome, Hypericum przewalskii Maxim, dindygulen peperomia herb, dark plum, fortune silene herb with root, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae, Hippurisvulgaris, the shell of areca nut, chingma abutilon seed, radish seed, play both sides of the street, the seed of cowherb, earthworm, Herba Lycopi, radix polygonati officinalis and bamboo juice.
In described Chinese medicine additive, the parts by weight of each raw medicinal material are: Chinese ephedra 15-25 weight portion, water hyacinth root 30-40 weight portion, lepidium seed 25-35 weight portion, cassia twig 8-15 weight portion, raphani,radix 14-22 weight portion, Syringa amurensis 23-32 weight portion, Scirpus tabernaemontani 20-28 weight portion, canereed spiralflag rhizome 6-14 weight portion, Hypericum przewalskii Maxim 20-27 weight portion, dindygulen peperomia herb 11-20 weight portion, dark plum 11-17 part, fortune silene herb with root 10-16 weight portion, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae 12-18 weight portion, Hippurisvulgaris 10-16 weight portion, shell of areca nut 15-25 weight portion, chingma abutilon seed 8-16 weight portion, radish seed 7-15 weight portion, play both sides of the street 9-17 weight portion, seed of cowherb 11-18 weight portion, earthworm 12-19 weight portion, Herba Lycopi 10-17 weight portion, radix polygonati officinalis 10-15 weight portion and bamboo juice 12-19 weight portion.
In described Chinese medicine additive, the parts by weight of each raw medicinal material are: Chinese ephedra 23 weight portion, water hyacinth root 36 weight portion, lepidium seed 27 weight portion, cassia twig 11 weight portion, raphani,radix 18 weight portion, Syringa amurensis 28 weight portion, Scirpus tabernaemontani 24 weight portion, canereed spiralflag rhizome 9 weight portion, Hypericum przewalskii Maxim 22 weight portion, dindygulen peperomia herb 15 weight portion, dark plum 13 weight portion, fortune silene herb with root 14 weight portion, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae 16 weight portion, Hippurisvulgaris 11 weight portion, the shell of areca nut 19 weight portion, chingma abutilon seed 9 weight portion, radish seed 12 weight portion, play both sides of the street 13 weight portions, the seed of cowherb 17 weight portion, earthworm 13 weight portion, Herba Lycopi 12 weight portion, radix polygonati officinalis 14 weight portion and bamboo juice 13 weight portion.
In order to realize goal of the invention better, the present invention also provides a kind of mixed feed being used for the treatment of ox pulmonary edema, and it contains Chinese medicine additive, and the preparation method of Chinese medicine additive comprises the following steps:
The first step, mixes in proportion by described each raw medicinal material, and adding relative to the determining alcohol of mixture quality 2 ~ 4 times is the ethanol of 85 ~ 95%, adds hot reflux 1 ~ 3 hour, extracts, and filters acquisition first extract; Filter the dregs of a decoction obtained to add relative to the determining alcohol of described dregs of a decoction quality 1 ~ 2 times to be again the ethanol of 85 ~ 95%, to add hot reflux 1 ~ 3 hour that acquisition second extract is filtered in extraction; First extract and the second extract are merged, reduced pressure concentration removing alcohol solvent, dry, obtain and get dry extract;
Second step, is placed on the dry cream that the first step obtains in micronizer and pulverizes 1 ~ 2 hour, pulverize, sieve, obtain 300 order ~ 400 object micropowders, obtain Chinese medicine additive powder.
In order to realize goal of the invention better, the present invention also provides a kind of preparation method being used for the treatment of the mixed feed of ox pulmonary edema, and described preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) destruction step: take millet, pumpkin, shepherd's purse, day lily, lettuce, wax gourd, sponge gourd, balsam pear, sea-tangle, watermelon and soyabean expeller by ratio of weight and the number of copies, drops into pulverizer and carries out Crushing of Ultrafine, crosses 1.0mm sieve after pulverizing;
(2) batching step: take mung bean flour, oatmeal, vitamin premix, microelement pre-mix material and Chinese medicine additive according to ratio of weight and number, pulverizes with step (1) fine powder obtained and mixes, and drop into mixer, mix, incorporation time is 30-60s;
(3) granulation step: drop into granulator and granulate, pelleting temperature is 85 DEG C, makes its gelatinization degree reach more than 90%.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: feed of the present invention contain have freeing lung and relieving asthma, the Chinese medicine additive of the effect of inducing diuresis for removing edema, can strengthen its resistivity, the course for the treatment of is shorter, and curative effect is better, have no drug resistance, drug residue free, cost price is cheap, can effective symptom management, Chinese medicine additive and other feedstuffs cooperatively interact, interact, ox pulmonary edema can not only be treated, the nutritional need of ox can also be met.
Detailed description of the invention
Chinese veterinarian thinks that oedema refers to water retention in body, spreads unchecked skin, even cause eyelid, women's head-ornaments, four limbs, abdomen to carry on the back anasarca.Clinical in syndrome differentiation of excess and deficiency, the large class of point yin edema, yang edema two." Plain Questions hydro-thermal cave opinion ": " therefore lung is exhaled for breathing heavily, kidney is oedema, and lung must not crouch for inverse, and be divided into mutually defeated, the institute of all receptor's aqueous vapors is stayed also." ancient times are also known as water, aqueous vapor, edema." Synopsis Golden Chamber aqueous vapor abnormal pulse card " be divided into geomantic omen, the severe edema due to hypofunction of the spleen, the anasarca with shortness of breath, Shi Shui etc. several.Also with the five internal organs classification, point edema with the heart involved, edema with the lung involved, edema due to dysfunction of the liver, edema with the spleen involved, kidney water etc.Be divided into again yang edema, yin edema two class later age." danxi's experiential therapy oedema ": " if general edema, polydipsia, hot urination, stool closes, and this belongs to yang edema, and first or four mill drinks loose with five skins, add the raw Fructus Aurantii of mill, heavy then decoction for Diuresis.If general edema, not polydipsia, large loose stool, oliguria is not puckery red, and this belongs to yin edema, should real spleen drink or banksia rose gas drink." oedema and spleen, lung, kidney three be dirty in close relations." Jing Yue's complete work oedema opinion is controlled ": " deficiency syndrome of the lung then vital QI failing to transform into essence and change water, it is insufficiency of the spleen then that Earth fails to control water and anti-gram, suffer from a deficiency of the kidney then water without main and absurd row, water do not return through, then inverse and upper general, therefore import spleen into and skin meat edema, import lung into, then urgency is breathed heavily in breath." principle of reatment of " Synopsis Golden Chamber " opinion oedema is: " and all persons that has water, infralumbar edema, works as diuresis; Supralumbar edema, when sending out its sweat." real example is many is gasified not normal by outer heresy invasion and attack, control should eliminating evil be main, with dispelling wind, declare lung, dampness removing, the method such as to relieve oedema or abdominal distension through diuresis or purgation.Asthenic symptoms are many by the insufficiency of both the spleen and the kindey, can not transmitting and distributing the fluids, and controlling righting to be main, with warm kidney, invigorating the spleen, beneficial gas, the side such as to activate yang.Also notably the nursing, as diet, preventing wind-cold pathogen etc. of daily life.Oedema is the performance of whole body gasification function obstacle, and major lesions is in lung, spleen, the dirty functional disturbance of kidney three, and functioning of bladder is unfavorable, and oedema occurs.Three dirty morbidities can interact, as edema due to the kidney insufficiency, reversible in lung; Lung-QI being unable to descend, loses its logical tune and makes kidney more empty, if the insufficiency of the spleen with overabundance of dampness, must damage its sun, kidney yang must decline, and temperature can not support spleen soil, spleen kidney is all empty.
Chinese medicine additive of the present invention follow freeing lung and relieving asthma, the principle of inducing diuresis for removing edema, provide a kind of feed being used for the treatment of ox pulmonary edema, it comprises Chinese medicine additive, and Chinese medicine additive comprises following raw medicinal material: Chinese ephedra, water hyacinth root, lepidium seed, cassia twig, raphani,radix, Syringa amurensis, Scirpus tabernaemontani, canereed spiralflag rhizome, Hypericum przewalskii Maxim, dindygulen peperomia herb, dark plum, fortune silene herb with root, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae, Hippurisvulgaris, the shell of areca nut, chingma abutilon seed, radish seed, play both sides of the street, the seed of cowherb, earthworm, Herba Lycopi, radix polygonati officinalis and bamboo juice.Its side's epheday intermedia, water hyacinth root, lepidium seed, cassia twig, raphani,radix, Syringa amurensis are freeinged lung and relieving asthma, inducing diuresis for removing edema, Scirpus tabernaemontani, canereed spiralflag rhizome, Hypericum przewalskii Maxim, dindygulen peperomia herb inducing diuresis for removing edema, dark plum, fortune silene herb with root, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae, Hippurisvulgaris yin-nourishing prevent Tianjin to hinder, the shell of areca nut, chingma abutilon seed, radish seed sending down abnormally ascending diversion gas decline, play both sides of the street, the seed of cowherb, earthworm, Herba Lycopi's row water promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, radix polygonati officinalis, the excreting dampness of bamboo juice Yin nourishing and lung moistening, make a general survey of full side, compatibility is rigorous.
The pharmacological property of above-mentioned each raw medicinal material is as follows:
Chinese ephedra: pungent, the micro-hardship of nature and flavor, temperature.Return lung, urinary bladder channel.There is Pulvis Diaphoreticus tremble with fear, freeing lung and relieving asthma, effect of inducing diuresis for removing edema.Chinese ephedra except diaphoresis with drugs pungent in flavor and warm in nature, loose trembling with fear of inducing sweat, and has the effect of significantly freeinging lung and relieving asthma.
Water hyacinth root: taste is pungent; Bitter; Property is put down.Freeing lung and relieving asthma; Inducing diuresis for removing edema; Loose stasis of blood pain.Main cough and asthma; Oedema difficult urination; The stagnant stomachache of the stasis of blood in postpartum; Traumatic injury
Lepidium seed: pungent, bitter, Great Cold.Return lung, urinary bladder channel.Removing heat from lung and relieving asthma, line water detumescence.Stop up lung for sputum, dyspnea and cough with excessive sputum, fullness in chest and hypochondrium, must not put down sleeping, and Pleural effusions swells, difficult urination; Cor pulmonale oedema.
Cassia twig: pungent; Sweet; Warm in nature.Return bladder; The heart; Lung channel.Expelling cold and relieving exterior syndrome; Warming meridian; Activating YANG and prormoting functioning of QI.Main exterior syndrome due to wind-cold; Numbness and ache of cold dampness; Peripheral coldness; Through closing dysmenorrhoea; Abdominal mass lumps; The obstruction of qi in the chest; Palpitaition; Phlegm and retained fluid; Difficult urination.
Raphani,radix: sweet; Pungent; Flat.Return lung; Kidney channel.Promoting the circulation of qi disappears long-pending, reduces phlegm, and quenches one's thirst, inducing diuresis for removing edema.Main coughing with a lot of sputum; Stagnation of QI due to dyspepsia; Abdominal distension ruffian is full; Dysentery; Quench one's thirst; Beriberi, oedema
Syringa amurensis: bitter; Pungent; Slightly warm in nature.Return lung channel.Ventilating the lung and resolving phlegm; Relieving cough and asthma; Li Shui.Main chronic bronchitis; Asthma; Sudden cardiac edema.
Scirpus tabernaemontani: taste is sweet; Light; Property is put down.Return urinary bladder channel.Inducing diuresis for removing edema.Main oedema turgor; Difficult urination.
Canereed spiralflag rhizome: be the rhizome of zingiberaceous plant Costus speciosus .taste is pungent; Cold in nature; Poisonous.Return kidney channel.Inducing diuresis for removing edema; Clearing heat and detoxicating.Main oedema expands; Stranguria; Gonorrhoea; Carbuncle is swollen dislikes sore
Hypericum przewalskii Maxim: bitter; Micro-pungent; Flat.Return lung; The heart; Kidney channel.Promoting blood circulation for regulating menstruation; Wines used as antirheumatic; Oedema.Main irregular menstruation; Traumatic injury; Traumatism and bleeding; Fracture; Rheumatalgia pain; Oedema; Difficult urination; Summertime hinders heat
Dindygulen peperomia herb: pungent; Cool.Return lung; Spleen; Liver; Kidney channel.Clearing heat and detoxicating; Blood stasis-eliminating and stagnation-dissipating; Inducing diuresis for removing edema.Main lung heat is coughed and is breathed heavily; Measles; Sore; Cancerous swelling; Burn and scald; Traumatic injury; Nephritic dropsy
Dark plum: dark plum: bitter, acid, puckery, warm in nature, enters liver, lung, spleen, large intestine channel, supplement to the Herbal: " remove phlegm, main malaria miasma, quench the thirst in adjusting, except cold and hot dysentery, antiemetic is inverse." " Japan hanako materia medica ": " except labor, control hectic fever due to yin, go unhappiness, antidysentery with astringent, disappear wine poison, and control hemiplegia skin paralysis, de-black point, makes us sleeping.Enter to build again tea, rhizoma zingiberis is ball, only recurrent dysentery." have and astringe the lung, puckery intestines, hemostasis, the effect of promoting the production of body fluid, be used for the treatment of protracted dysentery more than, damp-heat dysentery, have blood in stool, hematuria, the card such as snowslide.Dark plum has the function of sterilization, also prevents food from degenerating in stomach.Malic acid in dark plum directs into large intestine appropriate moisture, forms ight soil and excretes.When blood purification, metabolism just strengthens, and health can recover energy naturally.Citric acid in dark plum helps to absorb vitamin and ferment, and also having can prevent disease and dispelling fatigue.
Fortune silene herb with root: pungent puckery, cool.Heat-clearing profit alunite, qi-restoratives is invigorated blood circulation.Control urinary tract infections, leukorrhea, dysentery, body is empty after being ill, turns round, dampens.
Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae: the large hardship of taste, cold in nature; Enter lung, the heart, stomach, Liver Channel." book on Chinese herbal medicine is just ": " control greatly lung carbuncle lung to wither, cough and breathe heavily, spit blood, mental disorder, falls most in bleeding from five sense organs or subcutaneous tissue, kind relieving stagnation, and relieve the pain pain, and dissipate-swelling is full, clearing away the liver-fire, improve visual and auditory acuity, except time gas dysphoria with smothery sensation, jaundice is drenched and is closed, excessive blood of having blood in stool; Relieving heat toxin, kill parasites and treat larynx numbness, scrofula, acute mastitis carbuncle on the back, all large carbuncle pyogenic infections, damp and hot evil sore, anal fistula, metal-inflicted wound is hemorrhage, fiery sore pain, and than Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae, the merit of falling clearly, not less than several times." " Shandong Chinese herbal medicine handbook ": " clearing lung and eliminating phlegm, relieving haperacidity, removing toxic substances.”
Hippurisvulgaris: micro-sweet, bitter, cold.Antibechic, liver of relaxing, cooling blood and hemostasis, nourishing Yin and promoting production of body fluid, deep steaming.Cure mainly high hot polydipsia, tuberculosis is coughed, the hot hectic fever due to yin of consumptive disease, pain in the hypochondrium, enterogastritis etc.Stem, leaf external application control traumatism and bleeding.
The shell of areca nut: taste is pungent; Slightly warm in nature.Return spleen; Stomach; Large intestine; Small intestinl channel.(1) " Kaibao Bencao ": " tepor, nontoxic." (2) " detailed outline ": " and pungent, tepor, nontoxic." (3) " Thunder God concocts property of medicine solution ": " enter lung; Spleen two warp." (4) " medicineization justice ": " enter spleen, lung, stomach, the intestine and small intestine Five Classics." under gas wide in, line water detumescence.For retention of damp leading to blockage of QI, chest abdominal distension is vexed, defecates not well, oedema, beriberi, difficult urination.(1) " Japan hanako materia medica ": all gas lower, only cholera, logical intestine and small intestine, spleen benefiting and stimulating the appetite, in tune.(2) " Kaibao Bencao ": main cold and hot gas is made a psychological attack abdomen, and large intestine stops up poison, phlegm diaphragm, the belching of acid from stomach.And decoct with Jiang Yantong, enter thin gas medicine good.(3) " detailed outline ": lowering the adverse flow of qi, aqueous vapor edema in the skin that disappears, beriberi is stopped up inverse, and malignant malaria ruffian is full, and it is vexed that nausea vomiting during early pregnancy is swollen.(4) " book on Chinese herbal medicine is new again ": purging the lung of pathogenic fire, easing stomach-QI, dampness removing chases after wind, wide intestines detumescence, and reason waist beriberi, preventing and curing malaria disease rushes down dysentery.
Chingma abutilon seed: sweet, cold; Enter intestine and small intestine, urinary bladder channel.Compendium of Material Medica: " certain herbaceous plants with big flowers, smell is all thin, and light cunning is sun, therefore can lead to breast by sharp key, and also, its root leaf and son, function is identical in detumescence habitual abortion.Logical stool, disappear aqueous vapor, and dysentery is controlled in habitual abortion." amplification on Canon of Materia Medica: " suffer from the scorchingly hot inside fire attack of carbuncle furuncle, the person of not coming to a head, water gulps down three, five pieces, then makes key, and purulence goes out." Li Shui, laxation, lactogenesis.Control constipation and anuresis, gonorrhoea, oedema, women's galactostasis, mastosis.
Radish seed: radish seed: property is put down, and taste is pungent, sweet; Return lung, spleen, stomach warp.Help digestion de-swelling, lowering the adverse-rising QI to resolve phlegm.Cure mainly stagnation of QI due to dyspepsia, abdominal fullness and distention, belch, heavy after diarrhea, coughing with a lot of sputum, syndrome characterized by dyspnea fullness sensation in chest.For retention of food and drink, abdominal distention, constipation, stagnant rush down dysentery, phlegm stops up and breathes with cough.Enter spleen, stomach, lung channel, can help digestion de-swelling, and effect is remarkable, has the title of " rush wall fall wall ".Clinical habit is used for the treatment of real (eat, wet, stagnate) card.But these product are not only the de-swellings that helps digestion, and to asthenic symptoms with it, obtain effect also good, because of its property peace, its smell is not high again, and what without the fraud of victory partially, can not be limited to " rush wall fall wall " says there is the suspicion of relieving stagnant Qi (being having a surplus of flat gas actually), and gives it up.Radish seed water extract has significant inhibitory action to staphylococcus and Escherichia coli etc., and water extract has obvious hypotensive effect, for anesthetized rabbit, cat and dog, animal blood pressure all can be caused during intravenous injection to decline.
Play both sides of the street: bitter, flat; Return liver, kidney channel." detailed outline is picked up any lost article from the road ": " maple fruit, tree is like white poplar, and inner circle, as honeycomb, namely plays both sides of the street.The large acupoints of twelve meridians that can pass through of its property, therefore " the lifesaving sea of bitterness " harnesses the river, swelling is with it, can search by Fu Shuiye with it." " modern Practical Chinese medicinal ": " ashing is outer for skin exudative dermatitis, anal fistula etc., has convergence, anti-inflammatory, disinfective action." dispelling, collateral-activating, Li Shui stimulates the menstrual flow.For joint pain, numbness contracture, oedema turgor, breast is few through closing.
The seed of cowherb: bitter is flat; Return liver, stomach warp.Can promoting circulation of blood menstruation regulating, swelling and pain relieving, logical breast of invigorating blood circulation, expedite the emergence of lactogenesis, thymus gland dredging in postpartum.For blood stasis through closing, dysmenorrhoea, difficult labour; Lack of lactation after delivery, acute mastitis swells and ache; Heat is drenched, and blood drenches, urolithiasis.
Earthworm: salty, cold.Return liver, spleen, urinary bladder channel.Heat-clearing is calmed the frightened, and dredging collateral, relievings asthma, diuresis.For unconsciousness due to high fever, frightened epilepsy is twitched, joint pain, extremity numbness, hemiplegia, dyspnea and cough due to lung-heat, oliguria oedema, hypertension.
Herba Lycopi: bitter, pungent, tepor.Return liver, the spleen channel.Promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, line water detumescence.For irregular menstruation, through closing, dysmenorrhoea, postpartum blood stasis is suffered from abdominal pain, oedema.
Radix polygonati officinalis: taste is sweet, property is put down; Attach to the lung and stomach meridians." property of medicine opinion ": " go consumptive disease visitor heat, headache is uneasy for disease fever and chills time main, interior tonifying for the deficiency, adds and good with it." " Japan hanako materia medica ": " except unhappy, quench the thirst, profit cardiopulmonary, mend general debility, deficient, waist pin pain, it is capable fanatical." Compendium of Material Medica: " main air temperature spontaneous perspiration is scorching hot, and malaria with general debility fever and chills, taste void is weary, man's frequent urination, and lose essence, all are deficient.”
Bamboo juice: sweetness and bitterness, cold; Enter the heart, stomach warp.Essentials of Matea Medica: " fire falls in the wind that disappears, and moisturizes row phlegm, and the benefit that nourishes blood is cloudy, sharp key tomorrow.Control middle air port to keep silent, the large heat of phlegm fan, wind convulsion is demented, and unhappiness is quenched one's thirst, spontaneous sweating due to deficientcy of blood." " book on Chinese herbal medicine is new again ": " clearing away the heart-fire, fall irascibility, reduce phlegm and quench the thirst, antipyretic relieving restlessness, controls toothache, bright eyes." fire of the lung stomach that clears away heart-fire has that open-minded phlegm is moisturized, the effect of arresting convulsion.Be mainly used in controlling apoplexy phlegm fan, lung heat phlegm is stopped up, infantile convulsion, epilepsy, high fever polydipsia, restlessness during pregnancy, lockjaw.
Below adopt embodiment to describe embodiments of the present invention in detail, to the present invention, how application technology means solve technical problem whereby, and the implementation procedure reaching technique effect can fully understand and implement according to this.
Embodiment 1 Chinese medicine additive
Get Chinese ephedra 23 weight portion, water hyacinth root 36 weight portion, lepidium seed 27 weight portion, cassia twig 11 weight portion, raphani,radix 18 weight portion, Syringa amurensis 28 weight portion, Scirpus tabernaemontani 24 weight portion, canereed spiralflag rhizome 9 weight portion, Hypericum przewalskii Maxim 22 weight portion, dindygulen peperomia herb 15 weight portion, dark plum 13 weight portion, fortune silene herb with root 14 weight portion, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae 16 weight portion, Hippurisvulgaris 11 weight portion, the shell of areca nut 19 weight portion, chingma abutilon seed 9 weight portion, radish seed 12 weight portion, play both sides of the street 13 weight portions, the seed of cowherb 17 weight portion, earthworm 13 weight portion, Herba Lycopi 12 weight portion, radix polygonati officinalis 14 weight portion and bamboo juice 13 weight portion.
Preparation method comprises the following steps:
The first step, mixes in proportion by described each raw medicinal material, and adding relative to the determining alcohol of mixture quality 2 times is the ethanol of 85%, adds hot reflux 1 hour, extracts, and filters acquisition first extract; Filter the dregs of a decoction obtained to add relative to the determining alcohol of described dregs of a decoction quality 1 times to be again the ethanol of 85%, to add hot reflux 2 hours that acquisition second extract is filtered in extraction; First extract and the second extract are merged, reduced pressure concentration removing alcohol solvent, dry, obtain and get dry extract;
Second step, is placed on the dry cream that the first step obtains in micronizer and pulverizes 1 hour, pulverize, sieve, obtain 300 object micropowders, obtain Chinese medicine additive powder.
Embodiment 2 feed
Embodiments provide a kind of feed being used for the treatment of ox pulmonary edema, in feed, the parts by weight of each raw material are: millet 26 weight portion, mung bean flour 12 weight portion, oatmeal 50 weight portion, pumpkin 18 weight portion, shepherd's purse 16 weight portion, day lily 13 weight portion, lettuce 21 weight portion, wax gourd 46 weight portion, sponge gourd 15 weight portion, balsam pear 22 weight portion, sea-tangle 19 weight portion, watermelon 33 weight portion, soyabean expeller 24 weight portion, vitamin premix 0.5 weight portion, microelement pre-mix material 0.3 weight portion and Chinese medicine additive 4 weight portion; Wherein Chinese medicine additive is the Chinese medicine additive powder of embodiment 1.
Its preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) destruction step: take millet, pumpkin, shepherd's purse, day lily, lettuce, wax gourd, sponge gourd, balsam pear, sea-tangle, watermelon and soyabean expeller by ratio of weight and the number of copies, drops into pulverizer and carries out Crushing of Ultrafine, crosses 1.0mm sieve after pulverizing;
(2) batching step: take mung bean flour, oatmeal, vitamin premix, microelement pre-mix material and Chinese medicine additive according to ratio of weight and number, pulverizes with step (1) fine powder obtained and mixes, and drop into mixer, mix, incorporation time is 40s;
(3) granulation step: drop into granulator and granulate, pelleting temperature is 85 DEG C, makes its gelatinization degree reach more than 90%.
The toxicity test of Chinese medicine additive:
1, trial drug
Choose Chinese ephedra 23g, water hyacinth root 36g, lepidium seed 27g, cassia twig 11g, raphani,radix 18g, Syringa amurensis 28g, Scirpus tabernaemontani 24g, canereed spiralflag rhizome 9g, Hypericum przewalskii Maxim 22g, dindygulen peperomia herb 15g, dark plum 13g, fortune silene herb with root 14g, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae 16g, Hippurisvulgaris 11g, shell of areca nut 19g, chingma abutilon seed 9g, radish seed 12g, the 13g that plays both sides of the street, seed of cowherb 17g, earthworm 13g, Herba Lycopi 12g, radix polygonati officinalis 14g and bamboo juice 13g mix, be ground into powder; Added by acquisition powder in 1400g cold water and soak 25 hours, with slow fire boiling, decocting time is 1.5 hours, decoction liquor is filtered, obtains the first filtrate, collects filter residue; Again add in 1400g cold water by filtering the filter residue obtained, with slow fire boiling 3 times, each decoction 1 hour, filters and merges filtered fluid, obtaining the second filtrate; Merge twice filtrate, reduced pressure concentration remove portion water, obtain decoction, the crude drug concentration of decoction is 3g/ml.
2, test method: select SD rat, give the decoction of the Chinese medicine additive of the present invention of variable concentrations (18.0,6.0,2.0g crude drug/kg), every day gavage once, continuous 90 days, within after last administration 24 hours, respectively group is alive kills 1/2 animal (male and female half and half), and all the other 1/2 animals continue observations 2 weeks rear living and kill.Duration of test observes outward appearance, general behavior, food ration, the changes of weight of animal, within after administration 90 days, within 2 weeks, carries out the index checking such as hematology (RBC, HB, granulophilocyte, PLT, CT, WBC and classification) and blood biochemical (AST, ALT, ALP, Glu, BUN, Crca, TP, T.BIL, ALB, CHOL), urine biochemistry, organ coefficient, Histopathology with drug withdrawal.Result of the test shows: Chinese medicine additive of the present invention is good at high, medium and low dosage treated animal general state, and outward appearance sign, behavioral activity, food-intake and body weight increase change all without exception; Three dosage groups and control group hematological examination, blood biochemical analysis, urine biochemical analysis all in normal range (NR), without significant difference between group; Each group of main organs histopathological examination shows no obvious abnormalities.These parameters drug withdrawal also had no change after 2 weeks.This test dosage is respectively 180,60,20 times of clinical medicine dose, rat is had no significant effect in high, medium and low three dosage (18.0,6.0,2.0g crude drug/kg) administration in continuous 90 days according to result of the test Chinese medicine preparation of the present invention, without clear and definite toxicity target organ and sensitive indicator, convalescence observation also has no retardance toxic reaction, points out the dose safety of Chinese medicine preparation clinical practice of the present invention higher.
Contrast test
Veterinary station of Shandong Province, in December ,-2013 in February, 2012, sees and treat patients 55 and suffers from the ox of ox pulmonary edema, suffer from poultry and occur listlessness, poor appetite, presents Progressive symmetric erythrokeratodermia expiratory dyspnea, exophthalmos ', venous engorgement, conjunctiva hair clamp, owing to breathing great difficulty symptom, nose flows out foam-like nose liquid simultaneously, detect calf body temperature normal, pulse is fast; Auscultation breath sound extremely weakens; Blood routine examination leucocyte is normal.
Choose 20 ill oxen and be divided into two groups at random, be respectively embodiment group and control group, the ill ox of two groups all without significant difference, has comparativity in body weight, the state of an illness etc.Embodiment group and control group use the feed of the embodiment of the present invention 2 and conventional feed to feed ill ox respectively, feed continuously 4 days, and wherein, control group also needs to carry out conventional therapy and intramuscular injection 3 % ephedrine parenteral solution 15 ml, penicillin 3,200,000 unit.Experimental period is 4 days, and result is as shown in table 1.Wherein, cure: spirit is normal, breathing and appetite are drunk water normal; Invalid: clinical symptoms are not improved and even increased the weight of or death.
The result for the treatment of table of comparisons of table 1 liang experimental group ox
Data from table 1: compared with conventional medicament, the feed of the embodiment of the present invention 2 has advantage that is evident in efficacy, cheap, that have no side effect in treatment ox pulmonary edema.
Model case
There is poor appetite in Heze City, Shandong Province one peasant household ox of seeing and treating patients in March, 2013, occurs breathing great difficulty symptom, and nose flows out foam-like nose liquid simultaneously, and detect calf body temperature normal, pulse is fast; Auscultation breath sound extremely weakens; Blood routine examination leucocyte is normal.Be diagnosed as ox pulmonary edema.Immediately by the powder of the embodiment of the present invention 1, feed continuously 4 days according in the part by weight conventional feed of 4:100, after 48 hours, sick ox breathes and is tending towards normal, normal water, and symptom is obviously improved, recovery from illness in the 4th day, follows up a case by regular visits to that all are normal after April.
In November, 2013 there is listlessness in the ox of Distributions in Liaocheng of Shandong Province farm breeds, occurs breathing great difficulty symptom, and nose flows out foam-like nose liquid simultaneously, and detect Niu Tiwen normal, pulse is fast; Auscultation breath sound extremely weakens; Blood routine examination leucocyte is normal.Be diagnosed as ox pulmonary edema.The feed of the embodiment of the present invention of feeding immediately 2, after 15 hours, ox can drink water, and after 34 hours, sick ox breathes and is tending towards normal, and symptom is obviously improved, recovery from illness in the 3rd day, follows up a case by regular visits to that all are normal after April.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. an ox mixed feed, it is characterized in that, described feed comprises following raw material: millet, mung bean flour, oatmeal, pumpkin, shepherd's purse, day lily, lettuce, wax gourd, sponge gourd, balsam pear, sea-tangle, watermelon, soyabean expeller, vitamin premix and microelement pre-mix material.
2. ox mixed feed according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described feed, the parts by weight of each raw material are: millet 20-30 weight portion, mung bean flour 10-15 weight portion, oatmeal 30-60 weight portion, pumpkin 15-20 weight portion, shepherd's purse 15-20 weight portion, day lily 10-15 weight portion, lettuce 15-25 weight portion, wax gourd 30-50 weight portion, sponge gourd 10-20 weight portion, balsam pear 20-30 weight portion, sea-tangle 10-30 weight portion, watermelon 25-35 weight portion, soyabean expeller 15-30 weight portion, vitamin premix 0.1-0.5 weight portion and microelement pre-mix material 0.1-0.5 weight portion.
3. ox mixed feed according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described feed also comprises Chinese medicine additive, in described feed, the parts by weight of each raw material are: millet 20-30 weight portion, mung bean flour 10-15 weight portion, oatmeal 30-60 weight portion, pumpkin 15-20 weight portion, shepherd's purse 15-20 weight portion, day lily 10-15 weight portion, lettuce 15-25 weight portion, wax gourd 30-50 weight portion, sponge gourd 10-20 weight portion, balsam pear 20-30 weight portion, sea-tangle 10-30 weight portion, watermelon 25-35 weight portion, soyabean expeller 15-30 weight portion, vitamin premix 0.1-0.5 weight portion, microelement pre-mix material 0.1-0.5 weight portion and Chinese medicine additive 2-5 weight portion.
4. the ox mixed feed according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that, in described feed, the parts by weight of each raw material are: millet 26 weight portion, mung bean flour 12 weight portion, oatmeal 50 weight portion, pumpkin 18 weight portion, shepherd's purse 16 weight portion, day lily 13 weight portion, lettuce 21 weight portion, wax gourd 46 weight portion, sponge gourd 15 weight portion, balsam pear 22 weight portion, sea-tangle 19 weight portion, watermelon 33 weight portion, soyabean expeller 24 weight portion, vitamin premix 0.5 weight portion, microelement pre-mix material 0.3 weight portion and Chinese medicine additive 4 weight portion.
5. the ox mixed feed according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, described Chinese medicine additive comprises following raw medicinal material: Chinese ephedra, water hyacinth root, lepidium seed, cassia twig, raphani,radix, Syringa amurensis, Scirpus tabernaemontani, canereed spiralflag rhizome, Hypericum przewalskii Maxim, dindygulen peperomia herb, dark plum, fortune silene herb with root, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae, Hippurisvulgaris, the shell of areca nut, chingma abutilon seed, radish seed, play both sides of the street, the seed of cowherb, earthworm, Herba Lycopi, radix polygonati officinalis and bamboo juice.
6. the ox mixed feed according to any one of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that, in described Chinese medicine additive, the parts by weight of each raw medicinal material are: Chinese ephedra 15-25 weight portion, water hyacinth root 30-40 weight portion, lepidium seed 25-35 weight portion, cassia twig 8-15 weight portion, raphani,radix 14-22 weight portion, Syringa amurensis 23-32 weight portion, Scirpus tabernaemontani 20-28 weight portion, canereed spiralflag rhizome 6-14 weight portion, Hypericum przewalskii Maxim 20-27 weight portion, dindygulen peperomia herb 11-20 weight portion, dark plum 11-17 part, fortune silene herb with root 10-16 weight portion, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae 12-18 weight portion, Hippurisvulgaris 10-16 weight portion, shell of areca nut 15-25 weight portion, chingma abutilon seed 8-16 weight portion, radish seed 7-15 weight portion, play both sides of the street 9-17 weight portion, seed of cowherb 11-18 weight portion, earthworm 12-19 weight portion, Herba Lycopi 10-17 weight portion, radix polygonati officinalis 10-15 weight portion and bamboo juice 12-19 weight portion.
7. the ox mixed feed according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that, in described Chinese medicine additive, the parts by weight of each raw medicinal material are: Chinese ephedra 23 weight portion, water hyacinth root 36 weight portion, lepidium seed 27 weight portion, cassia twig 11 weight portion, raphani,radix 18 weight portion, Syringa amurensis 28 weight portion, Scirpus tabernaemontani 24 weight portion, canereed spiralflag rhizome 9 weight portion, Hypericum przewalskii Maxim 22 weight portion, dindygulen peperomia herb 15 weight portion, dark plum 13 weight portion, fortune silene herb with root 14 weight portion, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae 16 weight portion, Hippurisvulgaris 11 weight portion, the shell of areca nut 19 weight portion, chingma abutilon seed 9 weight portion, radish seed 12 weight portion, play both sides of the street 13 weight portions, the seed of cowherb 17 weight portion, earthworm 13 weight portion, Herba Lycopi 12 weight portion, radix polygonati officinalis 14 weight portion and bamboo juice 13 weight portion.
8. the ox mixed feed according to any one of claim 1-7, is characterized in that, the preparation method of described Chinese medicine additive comprises the following steps:
The first step, mixes in proportion by described each raw medicinal material, and adding relative to the determining alcohol of mixture quality 2 ~ 4 times is the ethanol of 85 ~ 95%, adds hot reflux 1 ~ 3 hour, extracts, and filters acquisition first extract; Filter the dregs of a decoction obtained to add relative to the determining alcohol of described dregs of a decoction quality 1 ~ 2 times to be again the ethanol of 85 ~ 95%, to add hot reflux 1 ~ 3 hour that acquisition second extract is filtered in extraction; First extract and the second extract are merged, reduced pressure concentration removing alcohol solvent, dry, obtain and get dry extract;
Second step, is placed on the dry cream that the first step obtains in micronizer and pulverizes 1 ~ 2 hour, pulverize, sieve, obtain 300 order ~ 400 object micropowders, obtain Chinese medicine additive powder.
9. the preparation method of the ox mixed feed according to any one of claim 1-8, is characterized in that, described preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) destruction step: take millet, pumpkin, shepherd's purse, day lily, lettuce, wax gourd, sponge gourd, balsam pear, sea-tangle, watermelon and soyabean expeller by ratio of weight and the number of copies, drops into pulverizer and carries out Crushing of Ultrafine, crosses 1.0mm sieve after pulverizing;
(2) batching step: take mung bean flour, oatmeal, vitamin premix, microelement pre-mix material and Chinese medicine additive according to ratio of weight and number, pulverizes with step (1) fine powder obtained and mixes, and drop into mixer, mix, incorporation time is 30-60s;
(3) granulation step: drop into granulator and granulate, pelleting temperature is 85 DEG C, makes its gelatinization degree reach more than 90%.
CN201510249282.3A 2015-05-18 2015-05-18 Cattle formula feed and preparation method thereof Pending CN104824452A (en)

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CN105166545A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-23 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Bovine compound feed and preparation method thereof
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CN105533148A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-05-04 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Cattle mixed feed and preparation method thereof
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105166543A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-23 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Cow compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN105166545A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-23 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Bovine compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN105265786A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-01-27 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Compound feed for cows and preparation method thereof
CN105325714A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-17 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Compound feed for cows and preparation method thereof
CN105533148A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-05-04 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Cattle mixed feed and preparation method thereof
CN105724794A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-07-06 安徽壮大饲料有限公司 Auxiliary feed for calf growth period
CN106615747A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 柏青龙 Feed capable of improving immunity of beef cattle
CN106615856A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-05-10 合肥隆扬农业科技有限公司 Feed for relieving pig asthma

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Application publication date: 20150812