CN104823704A - Cultivation method of monkey head mushrooms - Google Patents

Cultivation method of monkey head mushrooms Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104823704A
CN104823704A CN201510191589.2A CN201510191589A CN104823704A CN 104823704 A CN104823704 A CN 104823704A CN 201510191589 A CN201510191589 A CN 201510191589A CN 104823704 A CN104823704 A CN 104823704A
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hericium erinaceus
cultivation
weight percent
controls
cultivating
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CN201510191589.2A
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朱峰
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朱峰
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Abstract

The invention provides a cultivation method of monkey head mushrooms. The cultivation method comprises following steps of compost preparation, sterilization and inoculation, cultivation and harvesting of producing mushroom. The method of compost preparation comprises following steps of uniformly mixing corncob chips, wood chips, wheat bran, soybean cake powder, corn flour and auxiliary material in order to prepare compost. The compost comprises, by weight, 50% of corncob chips, 23% of wood chips, 20% of wheat bran, 2.5% of soybean cake powder, 2.5 % of corn flour and 2% of auxiliary material. The method of sterilization and inoculation comprises the following steps of loading the compost into a fungus sack and placing the fungus sack loaded with the compost into a sterilizing pot for sterilization and inoculation. The method of cultivation comprises the following steps of moving the inoculated fungus sack into a culture room for spawn running and cultivation and controlling temperature of the culture room between 23 to 26 degrees, relative humidity between 60% to 75% and concentration of carbon dioxide less than or equal to 0.3%. By adoption of the cultivation method of monkey head mushrooms, output of monkey head mushrooms can be raised.

Description

The breeding method of a kind of Hericium erinaceus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultivating mushrooms method, particularly relate to a kind of Hericium erinaceus breeding method.
Background technology
Hericium erinaceus (formal name used at school: Hericium erinaceus), is the luxury dish of Chinese tradition, meat is tender, taste is fragrant, tasty.One of four large famous dishes (hedgehog hydnum, bear's paw, sea cucumber, shark's fin).There is the title of " mountain delicacy hedgehog hydnum, seafood delights bird's nest ".The mushroom of this hedgehog fungus section, cap surface is long young pilose antler shape corn, is about 1 ~ 3 centimetre, its fruit body is round and thick, white time fresh, after dry by pale yellow to light brown, the narrow or slightly short handle of base portion, top is expanded, diameter 3.5 ~ 10 centimetres, looks far into the distance like spun gold hedgehog hydnum, therefore claims " Hericium erinaceus ", again as hedgehog, therefore there is again the title of " hedgehog bacterium ".Hericium erinaceus is delicious incomparable mountain delicacy, and bacterial context is fresh and tender, aromatic good to eat, has the title of " in element meat or fish ".
Along with people more and more pay attention to health, Hericium erinaceus is more and more subject to people's favor.But when adopting the method for existing cultivation Hericium erinaceus to cultivate Hericium erinaceus, the output of Hericium erinaceus is general not high.Therefore, the output how improving Hericium erinaceus is one of people's divination by means of the milfoil technical problem to be solved.
Summary of the invention
The shortcoming of prior art in view of the above, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Hericium erinaceus breeding method, for solving the above-mentioned technical problem existed in prior art.
For achieving the above object and other relevant objects, the invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of Hericium erinaceus breeding method, comprises the steps:
(1) prepare composts or fertilisers of cultivating: corn core bit, wood chip, wheat bran, bean cake powder, corn flour and auxiliary material Homogeneous phase mixing are obtained composts or fertilisers of cultivating, wherein in composts or fertilisers of cultivating, corn core bit weight percent content is 50%; Wood chip weight percent content is 23%; Wheat bran weight percent content is 20%; Bean cake powder weight percent content is 2.5%; Corn flour weight percent content is 2.5%; Auxiliary material weight percent content is 2%, and auxiliary material is the mixture be made up of land plaster and pulverized limestone;
(2) sterilizing: composts or fertilisers of cultivating is loaded in bacterium bag, then the bacterium bag installing composts or fertilisers of cultivating is put into autoclave carry out sterilizing; Normal-pressure sterilization condition: sterilizing kettle temperature is 100 degree, the retention time is 13 ~ 15 hours;
(3) inoculate: after being cooled by sterilized described bacterium bag immigration cooling chamber, more described bacterium bag is moved into transfer room, and carry out in an aseptic environment connecing bacterium;
(4) cultivate: the described bacterium bag having connect bacterium moves into culturing room to carry out sending out bacterium cultivation, and the temperature of culturing room controls at 23 ~ 26 degree, and relative moisture controls 60% ~ 75%, and gas concentration lwevel≤0.3%;
(5) fruiting is gathered: when mycelia forms former base, and when former base grows to 2 centimetres, and described bacterium bag is moved into fruiting canopy; The temperature of fruiting canopy controls at 16 ~ 20 degree, and relative moisture controls 93% ~ 95%, and gas concentration lwevel≤0.15%; When former base grows Hericium erinaceus, Hericium erinaceus of gathering.
Preferably, in auxiliary material, land plaster and pulverized limestone weight ratio are 3: 1.
Preferably, the temperature of described culturing room controls at 24 degree.
Preferably, the temperature of described fruiting canopy controls at 18 degree, and relative moisture controls 95%.
Preferably, described wood pellet size is 3 ~ 5 millimeters.
As mentioned above, a kind of Hericium erinaceus breeding method of the present invention, has following beneficial effect:
Adopt the method for above-mentioned cultivation Hericium erinaceus can provide Hericium erinaceus output.
Embodiment
Below by way of specific instantiation, embodiments of the present invention are described, those skilled in the art the content disclosed by this specification can understand other advantages of the present invention and effect easily.The present invention can also be implemented or be applied by embodiments different in addition, and the every details in this specification also can based on different viewpoints and application, carries out various modification or change not deviating under spirit of the present invention.
The invention provides a kind of Hericium erinaceus breeding method, comprise the steps:
(1) prepare composts or fertilisers of cultivating: corn core bit, wood chip, wheat bran, bean cake powder, corn flour and auxiliary material Homogeneous phase mixing are obtained composts or fertilisers of cultivating, wherein in composts or fertilisers of cultivating, corn core bit weight percent content is 50%; Wood chip weight percent content is 23%; Wheat bran weight percent content is 20%; Bean cake powder weight percent content is 2.5%; Corn flour weight percent content is 2.5%; Auxiliary material weight percent content is 2%, and auxiliary material is the mixture be made up of land plaster and pulverized limestone.Preferably, in auxiliary material, land plaster and pulverized limestone weight ratio are 3: 1.Preferably, described wood pellet size is 3 ~ 5 millimeters.
(2) sterilizing: composts or fertilisers of cultivating is loaded in bacterium bag, then the bacterium bag installing composts or fertilisers of cultivating is put into autoclave carry out sterilizing; Normal-pressure sterilization condition: sterilizing kettle temperature is 100 degree, the retention time is 13 ~ 15 hours.Attention: when composts or fertilisers of cultivating loads in bacterium bag, composts or fertilisers of cultivating can not be too tight, and too tieholen porosity is little, does not have enough spaces, greatly reduces biomass, cannot obtain high yield.Composts or fertilisers of cultivating can not be excessively loose, mycelia easy fracture when crossing loose, the bad maintenance of moisture, and the anti-assorted power of mycelia is weak, easy bacteria infection.Preferably, described bacterium bag is the long bag of clavate or square bag; And the total weight in wet base of bacterium bag having installed composts or fertilisers of cultivating is 2.5 ~ 2.7 kilograms.
(3) inoculate: after being cooled by sterilized described bacterium bag immigration cooling chamber, more described bacterium bag is moved into transfer room, and carry out in an aseptic environment connecing bacterium.
(4) cultivate: the described bacterium bag having connect bacterium moves into culturing room to carry out sending out bacterium cultivation, and the temperature of culturing room controls at 23 ~ 26 degree, and relative moisture controls 60% ~ 75%, and gas concentration lwevel≤0.3%.Preferably, the temperature of culturing room controls at 24 degree.Empirical tests, when sending out bacterium cultivation, the temperature of culturing room controls 25 degree time, and mycelium growth vigor is best.
(5) fruiting is gathered: when mycelia forms former base, and when former base grows to 2 centimetres, and described bacterium bag is moved into fruiting canopy; The temperature of fruiting canopy controls at 16 ~ 20 degree, and relative moisture controls 93% ~ 95%, and gas concentration lwevel≤0.15%; When former base grows Hericium erinaceus, Hericium erinaceus of gathering.Preferably, the temperature of fruiting canopy controls at 18 degree, and relative moisture controls 95%.
Adopt the method for above-mentioned cultivation Hericium erinaceus not only easily to send out bacterium, mycelium growth vigor, and be beneficial to mycelia and form former base, thus substantially increase Hericium erinaceus output.
In sum, when adopting Hericium erinaceus breeding method of the present invention to cultivate Hericium erinaceus, Hericium erinaceus Yield compari@is high.So the present invention effectively overcomes various shortcoming of the prior art and tool high industrial utilization.
Above-described embodiment is illustrative principle of the present invention and effect thereof only, but not for limiting the present invention.Any person skilled in the art scholar all without prejudice under spirit of the present invention and category, can modify above-described embodiment or changes.Therefore, such as have in art usually know the knowledgeable do not depart from complete under disclosed spirit and technological thought all equivalence modify or change, must be contained by claim of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a Hericium erinaceus breeding method, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1) prepare composts or fertilisers of cultivating: corn core bit, wood chip, wheat bran, bean cake powder, corn flour and auxiliary material Homogeneous phase mixing are obtained composts or fertilisers of cultivating, wherein in composts or fertilisers of cultivating, corn core bit weight percent content is 50%; Wood chip weight percent content is 23%; Wheat bran weight percent content is 20%; Bean cake powder weight percent content is 2.5%; Corn flour weight percent content is 2.5%; Auxiliary material weight percent content is 2%, and auxiliary material is the mixture be made up of land plaster and pulverized limestone;
(2) sterilizing: composts or fertilisers of cultivating is loaded in bacterium bag, then the bacterium bag installing composts or fertilisers of cultivating is put into autoclave carry out sterilizing; Normal-pressure sterilization condition: sterilizing kettle temperature is 100 degree, the retention time is 13 ~ 15 hours;
(3) inoculate: after being cooled by sterilized described bacterium bag immigration cooling chamber, more described bacterium bag is moved into transfer room, and carry out in an aseptic environment connecing bacterium;
(4) cultivate: the described bacterium bag having connect bacterium moves into culturing room to carry out sending out bacterium cultivation, and the temperature of culturing room controls at 23 ~ 26 degree, and relative moisture controls 60% ~ 75%, and gas concentration lwevel≤0.3%;
(5) fruiting is gathered: when mycelia forms former base, and when former base grows to 2 centimetres, and described bacterium bag is moved into fruiting canopy; The temperature of fruiting canopy controls at 16 ~ 20 degree, and relative moisture controls 93% ~ 95%, and gas concentration lwevel≤0.15%; When former base grows Hericium erinaceus, Hericium erinaceus of gathering.
2. a kind of Hericium erinaceus breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in auxiliary material, land plaster and pulverized limestone weight ratio are 3: 1.
3. a kind of Hericium erinaceus breeding method according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the temperature of described culturing room controls at 24 degree.
4. a kind of Hericium erinaceus breeding method according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the temperature of described fruiting canopy controls at 18 degree, and relative moisture controls 95%.
5. a kind of Hericium erinaceus breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described wood pellet size is 3 ~ 5 millimeters.
CN201510191589.2A 2015-04-20 2015-04-20 Cultivation method of monkey head mushrooms Pending CN104823704A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105210669A (en) * 2015-08-28 2016-01-06 湖南省致远农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of with the method for wild Chinese silvergrass for major ingredient factory culture glossy ganoderma
CN105638242A (en) * 2016-01-01 2016-06-08 闫宝松 Method for cultivating hericium erinaceus in greenhouse without watering
CN106305141A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-11 莒县御尚生物科技有限公司 Industrial cultivation method for hericium erinaceus
CN106673753A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-05-17 河池市技术开发中心 Compost for hericium erinaceus cultivation
CN107960273A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-04-27 罗成喜 A kind of Hericium erinaceus breeding method
CN108029452A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-05-15 李博 A kind of Hericium erinaceus compost and its culture Hericium erinaceus cultural method
CN108040744A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-05-18 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 A kind of preparation method of elm mushroom culture medium and the cultural method of elm mushroom
CN108541511A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-09-18 贵州高山百益食用菌发展有限公司 A kind of method of pure Rosa roxburghii Tratt slag for cultivating Hericium erinaceus
CN108618123A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-10-09 贵州高山生物科技有限公司 A kind of extracting process of Rosa roxburghii Tratt monkey mushroom liquid
CN108812054A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-16 江苏圣福来生态农业有限公司 A method of cultivation Hericium erinaceus

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CN103396208A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-20 安徽金麒麟农业科技有限公司 Hericium erinaceus culture medium and culture method
CN103408368A (en) * 2013-08-03 2013-11-27 邬金飞 Compatibility and manufacturing method of Hericium erinaceus cultivation material

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CN103396208A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-20 安徽金麒麟农业科技有限公司 Hericium erinaceus culture medium and culture method
CN103408368A (en) * 2013-08-03 2013-11-27 邬金飞 Compatibility and manufacturing method of Hericium erinaceus cultivation material

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105210669A (en) * 2015-08-28 2016-01-06 湖南省致远农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of with the method for wild Chinese silvergrass for major ingredient factory culture glossy ganoderma
CN105210669B (en) * 2015-08-28 2018-07-06 湖南省致远农业科技发展有限公司 It is a kind of using wild Chinese silvergrass as the method for major ingredient factory culture ganoderma lucidum
CN105638242B (en) * 2016-01-01 2018-08-28 闫宝松 Exempt from the method for pouring hydroponics Hericium erinaceus in a kind of canopy
CN105638242A (en) * 2016-01-01 2016-06-08 闫宝松 Method for cultivating hericium erinaceus in greenhouse without watering
CN106305141A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-11 莒县御尚生物科技有限公司 Industrial cultivation method for hericium erinaceus
CN106673753A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-05-17 河池市技术开发中心 Compost for hericium erinaceus cultivation
CN107960273A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-04-27 罗成喜 A kind of Hericium erinaceus breeding method
CN108029452A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-05-15 李博 A kind of Hericium erinaceus compost and its culture Hericium erinaceus cultural method
CN108040744A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-05-18 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 A kind of preparation method of elm mushroom culture medium and the cultural method of elm mushroom
CN108541511A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-09-18 贵州高山百益食用菌发展有限公司 A kind of method of pure Rosa roxburghii Tratt slag for cultivating Hericium erinaceus
CN108618123A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-10-09 贵州高山生物科技有限公司 A kind of extracting process of Rosa roxburghii Tratt monkey mushroom liquid
CN108812054A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-16 江苏圣福来生态农业有限公司 A method of cultivation Hericium erinaceus

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