CN104785509A - Method for bioconversion of edible mushroom dregs with housefly larvae - Google Patents

Method for bioconversion of edible mushroom dregs with housefly larvae Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104785509A
CN104785509A CN201510185634.3A CN201510185634A CN104785509A CN 104785509 A CN104785509 A CN 104785509A CN 201510185634 A CN201510185634 A CN 201510185634A CN 104785509 A CN104785509 A CN 104785509A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fly maggot
fly
edible fungi
edible mushroom
fungi residue
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Application number
CN201510185634.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张忠
张瑞玲
陈丹
刘婧
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泰山医学院
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Priority to CN201510185634.3A priority Critical patent/CN104785509A/en
Publication of CN104785509A publication Critical patent/CN104785509A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for bioconversion of edible mushroom dregs with housefly larvae. The method comprises the following steps: (1) collecting the edible mushroom dregs, drying, grinding, sieving with a 20-mesh screen, (2) mixing the sieved edible mushroom dregs with chicken manure and wheat bran at a ratio of (4-6):(3-5):1, adding an EM (edible mushroom) stock solution, then adding water, sealing to form a fly maggot culture medium, (3) putting the fly maggot culture medium in a 60cm*40cm*15cm plastic culture box, and (4) inoculating housefly eggs to the fly maggot culture medium at a rate of 5000-6000 eggs per kg, culturing at 25-30 DEG C and humidity of 60-75%, separating the larvae from a culture material after 4-5 days, and obtaining fresh fly maggots. Compared with the prior art, the method has the advantages that the method solves the problems in environmental protection and resource utilization in a development process of the edible mushroom industry, has ecologic benefits and can produce economic benefits.

Description

A kind of common house-fly grub that utilizes carries out the biological method transformed to edible fungi residue
Technical field
The present invention relates to edible fungi residue processing method, particularly relate to a kind of common house-fly grub that utilizes and the biological method transformed is carried out to edible fungi residue.
Background technology
Edible mushroom because it is nutritious, delicious flavour and extremely common people's favor.China is edible mushroom understanding, utilization, cultivation country the earliest, and after reform and opening-up, edible fungi of china industry development achieves prominent achievement.Within 1988, edible fungi of china total output leaps to the first in the world, and by 2011, national Edible Fungi total amount reached 2571.7 ten thousand tons, accounted for more than 70% of global total output, and the output value, more than 1,400 hundred million yuan, is exported goods and earned foreign currency 24.07 hundred million dollars.Along with the development of mushroom industry, the bacterium slag that China produces every year has 4,000,000 tons at least.The conventional method processing these bacterium slags be abandon or burn, the planting material as other edible mushroom, animal feed, crops or vegetable fertilizer etc., these methods may contaminated environment or cause the waste of agriculture organic resource, therefore needs the bioconversion method studying edible fungi residue.Fly maggot is a kind of desirable biological converting material, its growth rapidly, all feeds and environment can be adapted to, and be of high nutritive value as feed protein additive, containing thick protein 53.26-62%, crude fat 13.09%, various amino acid/11 7 kinds, be the first-class feed of livestock and poultry fish, higher by 20.8% than control group (fish meal) by maggot powder hello fish rate of body weight gain test group, hello chicken cost per jin maggot powder group is lower than fish meal group by 23.2%.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is to solve above-mentioned deficiency, provides a kind of common house-fly grub that utilizes and carries out the biological method transformed to edible fungi residue.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is realized by following technical scheme: a kind of common house-fly grub that utilizes carries out the biological method transformed to edible fungi residue, it is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
Step (1): collect edible fungi residue, after shining dry grinding, crosses 20 eye mesh screens;
Step (2): the edible fungi residue after sieving and chicken manure, wheat bran are mixed with the ratio of 4-6: 3-5: 1, be by weight 1% ratio add EM bacterium stoste, add water again and be transferred to water content and be about 40-50%, sealing and fermenting 4-5 days, make fly maggot culture matrix;
Step (3): fly maggot culture matrix is placed in the plastic culture box of 60cm × 40cm × 15cm;
Step (4): in the ratio access Eggs of Musca Domestica Vicina of 5000-6000 grain/kg on fly maggot culture medium, be placed in 25-30 DEG C, humidity is cultivate under the condition of 60-75%, after 4-5 days, larva is separated from compost, fresh fly maggot can be obtained.
Further, fresh fly maggot boiling water step (4) obtained scalds after death, dries or dries, and for feed protein or animal feed, cultivation waste material is used as organic fertilizer.
The present invention utilizes common house-fly grub to carry out in the biological method transformed to edible fungi residue, and step (1) described edible fungi residue comprises the culture medium residue of the applicable pocket type cultivation edible mushroom such as flat mushroom, asparagus, grifola frondosus, pleurotus eryngii, elm yellow mushroom, Pleurotus nebrodensis, Uricularia polytricha.
The present invention's advantage is compared with prior art: the present invention establishes the method utilizing housefly maggot biology to transform edible fungi residue; solve the environmental protection in Edible Fungi Industry Development process and resource utilization issue; existing ecological benefits; economic benefit can be produced again; realize refuse reclamation, promote development of agricultural circulation economy.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Utilize common house-fly grub to carry out the biological method transformed to edible fungi residue, it is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
Step (1): collect edible fungi residue, after shining dry grinding, crosses 20 eye mesh screens;
Step (2): the edible fungi residue after sieving and chicken manure, wheat bran are mixed with the ratio of 4-6: 3-5: 1, be by weight 1% ratio add EM bacterium stoste, add water again and be transferred to water content and be about 40-50%, sealing and fermenting 4-5 days, make fly maggot culture matrix;
Step (3): fly maggot culture matrix is placed in the plastic culture box of 60cm × 40cm × 15cm;
Step (4): in the ratio access Eggs of Musca Domestica Vicina of 5000-6000 grain/kg on fly maggot culture medium, be placed in 25-30 DEG C, humidity is cultivate under the condition of 60-75%, after 4-5 days, larva is separated from compost, fresh fly maggot can be obtained.
Further, fresh fly maggot boiling water step (4) obtained scalds after death, dries or dries, and for feed protein or animal feed, cultivation waste material is used as organic fertilizer.
The present invention utilizes common house-fly grub to carry out in the biological method transformed to edible fungi residue, and step (1) described edible fungi residue comprises the culture medium residue of the applicable pocket type cultivation edible mushroom such as flat mushroom, asparagus, grifola frondosus, pleurotus eryngii, elm yellow mushroom, Pleurotus nebrodensis, Uricularia polytricha.
Embody rule example of the present invention: first, selects new fresh flat mushroom bacterium slag 0.6kg, fresh chicken manure 0.3kg, wheat bran 0.1kg, after mixing, adds 1g EM bacterium stoste, add water to water content and be about 40%, in plastic casing after sealing, put into incubator 30 DEG C of ferment at constant temperature 5 days.Then Eggs of Musca Domestica Vicina about 5,000 ten thousand is accessed, respectively with 1kg wheat bran, mushroom slag, chicken manure ferments separately and mushroom slag+wheat bran (9: 1), chicken manure+wheat bran (9: 1), mushroom slag+chicken manure (7: 3) mixed culture fermentation for contrast, put into 25 DEG C, and humidity is the interior cultivation of incubator of 75%, often processes repetition 10 times.Collect ripe larva after 5 days, 10 pipunculid maggots of weighing at random respectively, obtain fly maggot average weight.Each is cultivated the fly maggot obtained in box and carries out acquisition gross weight of weighing.The average weight of the fly maggot/fly maggot of fly maggot number=every box compost acquisition of every box survival.Fly maggot number/5000 × 100% of every box fly maggot survival rate=survival.And then take the mean, obtain respectively.The fly maggot weight obtain the single head fly maggot average weight obtained in different compost, often cultivation box and the average viability of fly maggot carry out statistical analysis.
Result shows, the average viability of single head maggot heavy, that often cultivate box acquisition fly maggot weight and fly maggot is all that the fly maggot gathered in the crops in the cultivation box of compost is the highest with wheat bran, and the interior fly maggot gathered in the crops of compost after mushroom slag+chicken manure+wheat bran fermentation takes second place, minimum with the fly maggot obtained in the compost after the mushroom slag not containing wheat bran, chicken manure, mushroom slag+chicken manure fermenting.Illustrate that the compost after mushroom slag+chicken manure+wheat bran fermentation may be used for the raising of fly maggot, its cost is far below the compost of alone wheat bran, and some index is significantly higher than the compost of chicken manure+wheat bran and mushroom slag+wheat bran, illustrating that wheat bran, chicken manure and mushroom slag have synergistic effect during the fermentation, is a kind of more satisfactory fly maggot compost (as shown in the table).
After data line, difference is not remarkable to have same letter to illustrate, p > 0.05; Different letter is had significant difference to be described, p < 0.05.P value, a test value statistically, significant difference between P < 0.05 representative data, on the contrary then difference is not remarkable.
By cost calculation, with " mushroom slag+chicken manure+wheat bran " for formula, the cost producing 1 ton of fly maggot is about 2500 yuan, also can produce about 0.6 ton of high-quality fertilizer; And only raise with wheat bran, the cost producing 1 ton of fly maggot is about 8000 yuan.And only to ferment separately with mushroom slag, chicken manure or feed is made in mixed culture fermentation, the fly maggot produced is then individual too small.Therefore, mushroom slag+chicken manure+wheat bran carries out fermentation and makes diet fly maggot, with low cost, that a kind of fly maggot that utilizes carries out the biological effective ways transformed to agricultural wastes, both the pollution of discarded object can have been reduced, can economic benefit be produced again, and promote circular agriculture production, have boundless market prospects.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every equivalent method conversion utilizing description of the present invention and embodiment to do, or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. utilize common house-fly grub to carry out the biological method transformed to edible fungi residue, it is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
Step (1): collect edible fungi residue, after shining dry grinding, crosses 20 eye mesh screens;
Step (2): the edible fungi residue after sieving and chicken manure, wheat bran are mixed with the ratio of 4-6: 3-5: 1, be by weight 1% ratio add EM bacterium stoste, add water again and be transferred to water content and be about 40-50%, sealing and fermenting 4-5 days, make fly maggot culture matrix;
Step (3): fly maggot culture matrix is placed in the plastic culture box of 60cm × 40cm × 15cm;
Step (4): in the ratio access Eggs of Musca Domestica Vicina of 5000-6000 grain/kg on fly maggot culture medium, be placed in 25-30 DEG C, humidity is cultivate under the condition of 60-75%, after 4-5 days, larva is separated from compost, fresh fly maggot can be obtained.
2. a kind of common house-fly grub that utilizes according to claim 1 carries out the biological method transformed to edible fungi residue, it is characterized in that: fresh fly maggot boiling water step (4) obtained scalds after death, dry or dry, for feed protein or animal feed, cultivation waste material is used as organic fertilizer.
3. a kind of common house-fly grub that utilizes according to claim 1 carries out the biological method transformed to edible fungi residue, it is characterized in that: step (1) described edible fungi residue comprises the culture medium residue of flat mushroom, asparagus, grifola frondosus, pleurotus eryngii, the yellow mushroom of elm, Pleurotus nebrodensis, Uricularia polytricha pocket type cultivation edible mushroom.
CN201510185634.3A 2015-04-17 2015-04-17 Method for bioconversion of edible mushroom dregs with housefly larvae CN104785509A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105693296A (en) * 2016-01-14 2016-06-22 华中农业大学 Method for converting edible mushroom root wastes through stratiomyiidae larvae
CN105964663A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-09-28 郭进标 Treatment method for strain bag waste material
CN106069672A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-09 泰山医学院 A kind of preparation method of the bud seedling vegetable culture matrix of high protein selenium-rich
CN106106074A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 泰山医学院 A kind of preparation method of the bud seedling vegetable culture matrix of high protein zinc-rich
CN106167424A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-30 泰山医学院 Utilize the method that edible fungi residue is changed into culture medium of edible fungus by fly larvae
CN106167423A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-30 泰山医学院 A kind of method utilizing fly larvae to convert edible fungi residue production high protein organic fertilizer
CN106187466A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-07 泰山医学院 Culture medium of edible fungus of high protein selenium-rich and its preparation method and application
CN106220256A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-14 泰山医学院 The production method of the fertilizer that growth-promoting is disease-resistant
CN106478225A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-03-08 泰山医学院 A kind of preparation method of high protein killing pests and preventing diseases bio-feritlizer
CN106973863A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-07-25 广东人为峰健康管理有限公司 A kind of method that fly maggot culture is carried out with culture medium of edible fungus waste material
CN110090843A (en) * 2018-01-29 2019-08-06 连云港润众制药有限公司 A kind of processing method of microbial fermentation drug waste bacterial slag

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105693296A (en) * 2016-01-14 2016-06-22 华中农业大学 Method for converting edible mushroom root wastes through stratiomyiidae larvae
CN106167423A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-30 泰山医学院 A kind of method utilizing fly larvae to convert edible fungi residue production high protein organic fertilizer
CN105964663A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-09-28 郭进标 Treatment method for strain bag waste material
CN106069672A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-09 泰山医学院 A kind of preparation method of the bud seedling vegetable culture matrix of high protein selenium-rich
CN106106074A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 泰山医学院 A kind of preparation method of the bud seedling vegetable culture matrix of high protein zinc-rich
CN106167424A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-30 泰山医学院 Utilize the method that edible fungi residue is changed into culture medium of edible fungus by fly larvae
CN106187466A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-07 泰山医学院 Culture medium of edible fungus of high protein selenium-rich and its preparation method and application
CN106220256A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-14 泰山医学院 The production method of the fertilizer that growth-promoting is disease-resistant
CN106478225A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-03-08 泰山医学院 A kind of preparation method of high protein killing pests and preventing diseases bio-feritlizer
CN106973863A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-07-25 广东人为峰健康管理有限公司 A kind of method that fly maggot culture is carried out with culture medium of edible fungus waste material
CN110090843A (en) * 2018-01-29 2019-08-06 连云港润众制药有限公司 A kind of processing method of microbial fermentation drug waste bacterial slag

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