JP2004181379A - Method and apparatus for organic waste disposal - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for organic waste disposal Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2004181379A
JP2004181379A JP2002352238A JP2002352238A JP2004181379A JP 2004181379 A JP2004181379 A JP 2004181379A JP 2002352238 A JP2002352238 A JP 2002352238A JP 2002352238 A JP2002352238 A JP 2002352238A JP 2004181379 A JP2004181379 A JP 2004181379A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
organic waste
larva
larvae
treatment
housing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2002352238A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yoshio Shibata
良夫 柴田
Original Assignee
Purotekku:Kk
株式会社プロテック
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Purotekku:Kk, 株式会社プロテック filed Critical Purotekku:Kk
Priority to JP2002352238A priority Critical patent/JP2004181379A/en
Publication of JP2004181379A publication Critical patent/JP2004181379A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Abstract

To provide an organic waste treatment method and an organic waste treatment device capable of speeding up treatment, preventing offensive odor and reducing treatment cost.
Kind Code: A1 A larva breeding bed for breeding larvae and hornworms of American water flies, a flipper wrapped around an inner wall of a housing above the larva breeding floor, and a housing provided above the larva breeding floor. An organic waste input port 3, a pupa collecting box 6 provided above the larva breeding bed 5 and below the flipper 4, and having an entrance (not shown) for the larva or pupa from inside the housing 1. An organic waste treatment device having a processing residue removal box 7 provided at the lowermost portion of the housing 1 is configured, and by using this device, the organic waste is removed from the larva of the American waterflies and the worms in the larva breeding bed 5. The organic waste is introduced from the organic waste input port 3 as the food of the organic waste and the organic waste is treated.
[Selection diagram] Fig. 1

Description

[0001]
TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to an organic waste treatment method and an organic waste treatment device.
[0002]
[Prior art]
[Patent Document 1] Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2000-070910 [Patent Document 2] Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2001-286849 Conventionally, as an organic waste treatment method and an organic waste treatment apparatus, a method and an apparatus utilizing organisms including microorganisms have been known. Are known.
[0003]
For example, as described in Patent Document 1, there is known a garbage disposal method and a garbage disposal apparatus for treating garbage, which is an organic waste, using microorganisms. Further, as described in Patent Document 2, there is known a garbage disposal apparatus that processes garbage, which is an organic waste, using earthworms.
[0004]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
However, the garbage processing method and the garbage processing apparatus require a long garbage processing time, generate an unpleasant odor during the processing, and consume energy for stirring the garbage particularly when microorganisms are used. In addition, there is a problem that noise is generated at that time.
[0005]
It is an object of the present invention to provide an organic waste treatment method and an organic waste treatment apparatus which solve the above-mentioned problems and which can speed up treatment, prevent off-flavors and reduce treatment costs.
[0006]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides, as described in claim 1,
A method of treating organic waste, comprising breeding larvae of a tabby and feeding organic waste to the larvae of the tab.
[0007]
Further, the present invention provides, as described in claim 2,
An organic waste treatment apparatus having a larva breeding bed for breeding tabby larvae is provided.
[0008]
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
(Embodiment 1)
One embodiment of an organic waste treatment method according to the present invention will be described below.
[0009]
A hole (hereinafter, referred to as a burrow) having a length of 30 cm and a depth of 50 cm (hereinafter referred to as a burrow) is dug in the outdoor soil ground. Garbage discarded at home can be used as a feed for breeding.
[0010]
The time required for the larva of American waterflies to grow from a length of 1 mm or less to a length of 18 mm is 2-3 weeks, and the growth is very fast. During the growth process, the larva eats garbage well and excretes feces in a volume significantly less than the volume of garbage eaten. Therefore, the larvae of the American water flies can be bred in the burrows, and the garbage, which is an organic waste, can be fed to the larvae for prompt processing of the garbage.
[0011]
Since the larvae of American waterflies eat not only raw garbage but also organic substances such as fallen leaves and paper, they can also be put into burrows and treated with organic substances such as newspapers and wrapping paper. In particular, when newspapers are given horizontally in layers, one of the surfaces is always left without being eaten, so that the larva is hidden behind the one and cannot be seen, so that it does not give an unpleasant appearance.
[0012]
The larvae of the American water flies grow quickly, become pupae within 2-3 weeks, and then evolve into adults, so it is necessary to replenish the burrows with the larvae. When rearing larvae in open burrows and treating organic waste, adults living in the burrows leave the burrows and suck the flower nectar outside the burrows. After that, some of them return to their burrows to lay the next generation of eggs, which hatch into larvae, so no measures are needed to replenish the larvae.
[0013]
The amount of garbage generated by a family of four is about 5 kg / day. In order to treat this within one day, it is sufficient to breed about 2-3 thousand larvae in the above burrow. It is.
[0014]
In addition, since larvae prefer to eat meat, fish and shellfish, particularly fish, the larvae do not eat odors before their food rots, and do not generate bad smell.
[0015]
When the earthworms are bred together in the above burrows, the earthworms eat both the garbage and the larvae's dung of the American waterflies, so that the efficiency of the garbage treatment is improved and the volume reduction rate by the treatment is also improved ( Increases when positive).
[0016]
In this embodiment, it is possible to treat organic waste other than garbage, for example, soybean pomace generated during the production of tofu.
[0017]
In the present embodiment, the agitation that was required in the case of the garbage treatment using microorganisms is not required at all, no power is required for the agitation, and no noise is caused by the agitation.
[0018]
(Embodiment 2)
FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of an organic waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention. In the figure, reference numeral 1 denotes a housing of the apparatus, a part of which is a screen door 8. At the lower part of the housing 1, there is a larva breeding bed 5 for breeding the larva and the worm of the American waterflies. On the inner wall of the housing 1 at the upper part of the larva breeding floor 5, an eaves-shaped inverted back 4 is provided so as to go around the inner wall. I have. An adult feed stand 2 is suspended from the ceiling of the housing 1. An organic waste input port 3 is provided on the upper side of the casing 1 above the larva breeding floor 5, and the organic waste input port 3 is a suspension-type lid 9 except when an opening is required, for example, for inputting organic waste. Is closed by A pupa collection box 6 having a larva or pupa entrance (not shown) from the inside of the casing 1 is provided outside the side surface of the casing 1 located above the larva breeding bed 5 and below the flippers 4. I have. A processing residue removal box 7 is provided at the bottom of the housing 1.
[0019]
A method for treating organic waste using this embodiment will be described below.
[0020]
First, the larvae of the American waterflies and the worms are bred on the larva rearing bed 5. First, as a method of forming the larva breeding bed 5, a garbage on which the eggs of the American waterflies are laid and the soil where the worms inhabit are mixed and spread on the bottom of the housing 1, and the eggs of the flies are laid. May be used, or a method in which the soil in which larvae of the American waterflies and worms are already inhabiting may be laid on the bottom of the housing 1 together with the organic waste. When the number of larvae has reached a number sufficient to process organic waste, the lid 9 of the organic waste input port 3 is opened, and organic waste such as garbage is injected into the apparatus.
[0021]
The larvae in the larva breeding bed 5 grow on organic waste, and larvae approaching the pupa, or those that have the ability to exercise during transformation to the pupa, climb the inner wall of the housing 1. Cannot be climbed above the pupil turnover 4, and eventually gather in the pupa collection box 6 communicating with the inside of the housing 1. A part of the pupa which has gathered and has undergone metamorphosis in this manner is evolved into an adult, and is returned to the apparatus. The remaining pupa is used as food for fish or birds. Adults in the device live on food such as honey placed on the adult feeding stand 2, lay eggs on organic waste in the device, and the eggs hatch and become larvae of the next generation.
[0022]
The residue after the treatment, whose volume has been significantly reduced compared to that before the treatment, is taken out of the device by pulling out the treatment residue removal box 7 from the device. This residue can be used as fertilizer for plant cultivation.
[0023]
The organic waste treatment method according to the present embodiment can also treat organic waste other than garbage, for example, soybean pomace generated during the production of tofu.
[0024]
Also in the present embodiment, similarly to Embodiment 1 described above, the stirring that was necessary in the case of the microorganism-based garbage treatment is not required at all, and no electric power for stirring is required, which is accompanied by the stirring. No noise is generated.
[0025]
(Embodiment 3)
FIG. 2 shows another embodiment of the organic waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention. In the figure, 3 is an organic waste input port, 4 is an upside-down, 5 is a larva breeding bed, 10 is a processing residue extraction chamber, 11 is an entrance to the processing residue extraction chamber 10, Reference numeral 12 denotes a shutter for closing the organic waste input port 3, and reference numeral 13 denotes a pupa collection box entrance which is connected to a pupa collection box (not shown) provided on the processing residue removal chamber 10 side.
[0026]
The method of treating organic waste using this embodiment is the same as the method of treating organic waste using Embodiment 2 except that the scale of treatment is increased. is there. In this case, the organic waste to be treated is carried, for example, as an organic waste 15 by the truck 14, is introduced into the treatment apparatus through the organic waste input port 3, and is stored in the larva breeding bed 5. Processed by larvae and worms. The residue after the treatment is carried out of the apparatus through the treatment residue removal chamber 10 and the entrance 11.
[0027]
The larvae of American waterflies in the larva breeding bed 5 grow on organic waste as feed, and larvae that are approaching pupae or those that have a motor capacity during transformation to pupae are collected from the pupa collection box entrance 13 Enters a box (not shown) where it becomes a pupa. A part of the pupa is evolved into an adult and returned to the space inside the apparatus above the larva breeding bed 5, and the remaining pupa is used as bait for fish or birds. Adults in the space inside the apparatus live on an adult bait (not shown), lay eggs on organic waste in the apparatus, and the eggs hatch and become larvae of the next generation.
[0028]
The organic waste treatment method according to the present embodiment can also treat organic waste other than garbage, for example, soybean pomace generated during the production of tofu.
[0029]
Also in this embodiment, as in the first and second embodiments, the processing can be speeded up, no odor is generated, no electric power is required for stirring, and the noise caused by stirring is also reduced. Does not occur.
[0030]
In addition, in each of the above-described embodiments, the processing residue such as the shell and the plastic remains near the surface of the larva breeding bed 5, so that it can be easily removed.
[0031]
In each of the above-described embodiments, a larva of a type of abalone other than the American baboon may be used in place of the larva of the American babby. At this time, a plurality of types of tabby larvae may be bred together depending on the feeding habits of the larvae. In this case, animal-based organic waste is preferred to feed along with larvae of tabby larvae that prefer to feed on plant-based organic waste, for example, larvae of zebra flies, larvae of terriers, and larvae of yellow-tailed cubs. By rearing the larvae of the tabby larvae, such as the larvae of the black-tailed tabby, the larva of the snowflies tabby, the larvae of the fly tabby, etc., the organic waste can be treated without being biased toward plant or animal systems. Further, earthworms other than the earthworm may be used in combination with the earthworm or alone.
[0032]
【The invention's effect】
By carrying out the present invention, it is possible to provide an organic waste treatment method and an organic waste treatment apparatus which can speed up the treatment, prevent an odor, and reduce the treatment cost.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a diagram showing an embodiment of an organic waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a view showing another embodiment of the organic waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention.
[Explanation of symbols]
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Housing, 2 ... Adult feeding stand, 3 ... Organic waste input port, 4 ... Puppies return, 5 ... Larval breeding floor, 6 ... Puppies collection box, 7 ... Processing residue removal box, 8 ... Screen door, 9 ... Lid, 10: Processing residue removal chamber, 11: Doorway, 12: Shutter, 13: Puppy collection box entrance, 14: Truck, 15: Organic waste.

Claims (2)

  1. A method for treating organic waste, comprising breeding larvae of a tabby and feeding organic waste to the larvae of the tab.
  2. An organic waste treatment apparatus having a larva breeding floor for breeding tabby larvae.
JP2002352238A 2002-12-04 2002-12-04 Method and apparatus for organic waste disposal Pending JP2004181379A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002352238A JP2004181379A (en) 2002-12-04 2002-12-04 Method and apparatus for organic waste disposal

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002352238A JP2004181379A (en) 2002-12-04 2002-12-04 Method and apparatus for organic waste disposal

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2004181379A true JP2004181379A (en) 2004-07-02

Family

ID=32753907

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2002352238A Pending JP2004181379A (en) 2002-12-04 2002-12-04 Method and apparatus for organic waste disposal

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2004181379A (en)

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007082517A (en) * 2005-09-20 2007-04-05 Nakayama Manami Apparatus for rearing firefly larva and black snail
CN101879517A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-11-10 中山大学 Method for processing utensil rubbish by Chrysomya megacephala maggot and material formula
CN101889629A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-11-24 中山大学 Method for processing food waste by using black soldier fly larvae and material formula
CN101905231A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-12-08 中山大学 Method and material formula for treating restaurant and kitchen garbage by utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine
CN102329155A (en) * 2011-07-07 2012-01-25 中山大学 Method for preparing organic fertilizer by utilizing horseshit processed by black soldier flies
CN102350433A (en) * 2011-08-22 2012-02-15 广东省昆虫研究所 Process for treating restaurant-kitchen garbage by utilizing Hermitia illucens
CN102487907A (en) * 2011-12-27 2012-06-13 浙江大学 Fly larva reactor suitable for bioconversion of organic solid waste
WO2012128428A1 (en) * 2011-03-24 2012-09-27 Chin Byeong-Gyu Fly larva breeding device
CN103304119A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-09-18 何薪 Method for treating sludge produced by slaughtering wastewater treatment plant by using chrysomyia megacephala maggots and material formula
CN103387322A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-11-13 何薪 Method for processing sludge generated in domestic sewage treatment plant by using chrysomyia megacephala larvae and material formula
KR101422532B1 (en) * 2012-12-18 2014-07-25 경기도 A stick insect breeding kit for educational experience
CN104384177A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-04 嘉兴溯源生物科技有限公司 Insect treatment system of kitchen waste and method thereof
CN104785509A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-22 泰山医学院 Method for bioconversion of edible mushroom dregs with housefly larvae
CN105080940A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-11-25 肖唐彦 Kitchen garbage treatment method
CN106391656A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-15 湖南帝星智能科技有限公司 Kitchen waste treatment system based on biotransformation
CN107649487A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-02-02 宁波高新区绿博环境工程有限公司 A kind of rubbish digestion process device systems
CN107716508A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-02-23 广东省生物资源应用研究所 A kind of method using black soldier flies bioconversion kitchen garbage
CN109964880A (en) * 2019-03-25 2019-07-05 宜宾和美幸福科技有限公司 For the kitchen feed and preparation method thereof of black soldier flies larva cultivation, black soldier flies larva cultural method

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007082517A (en) * 2005-09-20 2007-04-05 Nakayama Manami Apparatus for rearing firefly larva and black snail
CN101879517A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-11-10 中山大学 Method for processing utensil rubbish by Chrysomya megacephala maggot and material formula
CN101889629A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-11-24 中山大学 Method for processing food waste by using black soldier fly larvae and material formula
CN101905231A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-12-08 中山大学 Method and material formula for treating restaurant and kitchen garbage by utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine
CN101889629B (en) * 2010-06-13 2012-09-19 中山大学 Method for processing food waste by using black soldier fly larvae and material formula
CN101905231B (en) * 2010-06-13 2013-09-18 中山大学 Method and material formula for treating restaurant and kitchen garbage by utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine
WO2012128428A1 (en) * 2011-03-24 2012-09-27 Chin Byeong-Gyu Fly larva breeding device
CN102329155A (en) * 2011-07-07 2012-01-25 中山大学 Method for preparing organic fertilizer by utilizing horseshit processed by black soldier flies
CN102350433A (en) * 2011-08-22 2012-02-15 广东省昆虫研究所 Process for treating restaurant-kitchen garbage by utilizing Hermitia illucens
CN102487907A (en) * 2011-12-27 2012-06-13 浙江大学 Fly larva reactor suitable for bioconversion of organic solid waste
KR101422532B1 (en) * 2012-12-18 2014-07-25 경기도 A stick insect breeding kit for educational experience
CN103387322A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-11-13 何薪 Method for processing sludge generated in domestic sewage treatment plant by using chrysomyia megacephala larvae and material formula
CN103304119A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-09-18 何薪 Method for treating sludge produced by slaughtering wastewater treatment plant by using chrysomyia megacephala maggots and material formula
CN104384177A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-04 嘉兴溯源生物科技有限公司 Insect treatment system of kitchen waste and method thereof
CN104785509A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-22 泰山医学院 Method for bioconversion of edible mushroom dregs with housefly larvae
CN105080940A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-11-25 肖唐彦 Kitchen garbage treatment method
CN106391656A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-15 湖南帝星智能科技有限公司 Kitchen waste treatment system based on biotransformation
CN107716508A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-02-23 广东省生物资源应用研究所 A kind of method using black soldier flies bioconversion kitchen garbage
WO2019056762A1 (en) * 2017-09-19 2019-03-28 广东省生物资源应用研究所 Method for biotransformation of kitchen waste using hermitia illucens
CN107649487A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-02-02 宁波高新区绿博环境工程有限公司 A kind of rubbish digestion process device systems
CN109964880A (en) * 2019-03-25 2019-07-05 宜宾和美幸福科技有限公司 For the kitchen feed and preparation method thereof of black soldier flies larva cultivation, black soldier flies larva cultural method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Näslund et al. Environmental enrichment for fish in captive environments: effects of physical structures and substrates
Cambefort From saprophagy to coprophagy
Davis et al. Culture and diseases of game fishes
US20210000077A1 (en) Puppy apartment
Osenberg et al. Two‐stage life histories in fish: the interaction between juvenile competition and adult performance
Halwart et al. Culture of fish in rice fields
Gerlach Food-chain relationships in subtidal silty sand marine sediments and the role of meiofauna in stimulating bacterial productivity
Hassan et al. Evaluation of duckweed (Lemna perpusilla and Spirodela polyrrhiza) as feed for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
van de Weerd et al. A review of environmental enrichment for pigs housed in intensive housing systems
EP2703372B1 (en) Organic fertilizer production system
Clutton-Brock The evolution of parental care
Petranka et al. Breeding habitat segregation of wood frogs and American toads: the role of interspecific tadpole predation and adult choice
Trumbo Reproductive benefits and the duration of paternal care in a biparental burying beetle, Necrophorus orbicollis
Rönn et al. Predation as a mechanism of interference within infauna in shallow brackish water soft bottoms; experiments with an infauna predator, Nereis diversicolor OF Müller
KR101644107B1 (en) Apparatus for producing insect for treatment of organic waste
Čičková et al. Biodegradation of pig manure by the housefly, Musca domestica: a viable ecological strategy for pig manure management
Dittel et al. Effects of shallow water refuge on behavior and density-dependent mortality of juvenile blue crabs in Chesapeake Bay
KR101838201B1 (en) System for mass production of the black soldier fly
Wiedenmayer Causation of the ontogenetic development of stereotypic digging in gerbils
Newton et al. The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, as a manure management/resource recovery tool
Sneddon et al. Stress management and welfare
Loman Early metamorphosis in common frog Rana temporaria tadpoles at risk of drying: an experimental demonstration
Jensen et al. Effects of the antibacterial agents tiamulin, olanquindox and metronidazole and the anthelmintic ivermectin on the soil invertebrate species Folsomia fimetaria (Collembola) and Enchytraeus crypticus (Enchytraeidae)
EP2846632A1 (en) Contained systems to provide reproductive habitat for hermetia illucenssystèmes confinés constituant un lieu de reproduction pour hermetia illucens
CN101978823B (en) Method for artificially feeding black soldier flies

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A977 Report on retrieval

Effective date: 20041201

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Effective date: 20041214

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

A02 Decision of refusal

Effective date: 20050412

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A02