CN101905231A - Method and material formula for treating restaurant and kitchen garbage by utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine - Google Patents

Method and material formula for treating restaurant and kitchen garbage by utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101905231A
CN101905231A CN2010102033976A CN201010203397A CN101905231A CN 101905231 A CN101905231 A CN 101905231A CN 2010102033976 A CN2010102033976 A CN 2010102033976A CN 201010203397 A CN201010203397 A CN 201010203397A CN 101905231 A CN101905231 A CN 101905231A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
maggots
boettcherisca peregrine
compost
food waste
boettcherisca
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CN2010102033976A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101905231B (en
Inventor
胡新军
张古忍
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中山大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of environmental protection and relates to a method for treating restaurant and kitchen garbage by utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine, which comprises the following steps: adding auxiliary materials after coarse crushing of the restaurant and kitchen garbage, obtaining a compost for the maggots of the boettcherisca peregrine, further inoculating larvae of the maggots of the boettcherisca peregrine on the surface of the compost for the maggots of the boettcherisca peregrine, obtaining a feeding compost for the maggots of the boettcherisca peregrine and treating and clearing the garbage. A polypide collecting container is connected at the outside of a stacking region of the compost for the maggots of the boettcherisca peregrine before aging of the larvae of the boettcherisca peregrine, and dry rice bran powder is arranged in the polypide collecting container for guiding the collection of the aged maggots of the boettcherisca peregrine. The residual treated compost for the maggots of the boettcherisca peregrine is prepared into a biological organic fertilizer after drying, the method has strong treatment capacity and faster treatment speed in comparison with an ordinary manure, and the treatment cycle is 4-5 days; the capacity of the food garbage is reduced by 10-30% after the treatment, and the peculiar smell of the food garbage is reduced; and the method can obtain the high-quality biological organic fertilizer and high-quality insect bioprotein while treating the garbage.

Description

Utilize maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle the method and the material formula of changing food waste
Technical field
The invention belongs to the environmental protection field, relate to a kind of refuse cleaning method, relate in particular to a kind of method of utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle changing food waste.
Background technology
Changing food waste accounts for 40~50% of municipal refuse total amount, and its storage time is grown slightly and promptly grows germ, mosquito, cockroach, increases the kitchen peculiar smell, influences residents ' health and domestic environment.Food garbage is the difficult point of urban garbage disposal.At present, the main processing mode of city food garbage is sanitary landfills and burning, and small part is handled with composting mode.
The treating capacity maximum of sanitary landfills, operating cost is relatively low, and technology is simple relatively, small investment, be the final digestion method that other processing method produces residue, but the processing address of this method is limited, occupation of land is many, operating period is limited, the management expectancy height, and water, gas pollute and can not thoroughly solve; The minimizing degree height of burning method, refuse thermal value can utilize, the innoxious degree height in ground, take up an area of for a short time, it is bigger to subtract capacity, can reach 70~80%, but the investment of this method is big, the running expense height, the food garbage water content is big, and calorific value is low excessively, cause burning difficulty easily, the economy extreme difference, the vent gas treatment difficulty very easily forms secondary pollution; The decrement of composting process, subtract that to hold effect obvious, the food garbage higher to water content has excellent adaptability, helps garbage harmless, but its operation management level requires high, equipment and technology advance are huge to the influence of technique effect, and resource and utilization rate of heat value are low, and processing speed is slow.Along with improving constantly of the level of urbanization, the output of city changing food waste progressively increases, and land resource is relatively limited, in this case, develop that a kind of processing speed is fast, less energy consumption, occupied ground is few, operation cost is low food garbage processing method, become a urgent demand.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of method of new processing municipal refuse is provided, the processing speed of this method is fast, less energy consumption, occupied ground is few, operation cost is low.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions above-mentioned purpose:
The invention provides a kind of new changing food waste processing method---utilize maggots of boettcherisca peregrine consumption to handle the method for changing food waste, comprise these steps: the food garbage of rubbish from cooking that it is good that the city dweller classifies or hotel, dining room, after coarse crushing, add auxiliary material, obtain the maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost, insert Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot again on maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost surface, maggots of boettcherisca peregrine is got the food compost, makes rubbish obtain handling and removing.
The maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost can place a container, and wherein the thickness of maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost is 4~10cm.The maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost also contains auxiliary material except the changing food waste that contains mass fraction 50~90%: the mixture of one or more among sawdust, bran powder, wheat bran, dusty yeast, powder of straw, sodium bicarbonate, white lime and the EM (Effective Microorganisms).The adding of these auxiliary materials can promote the growth of Sarcophga fuscicauda larva and ingest, and makes the wear rate of changing food waste improve.
As a kind of preferred scheme, the maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost is made up of the material of following weight proportion: the mass fraction of changing food waste is 50~90%, remaining is auxiliary material, and auxiliary material is made up of the material of following weight proportion: 0~40 part in sawdust, 0~30 part of bran powder, 0~30 part in wheat bran, 0~40 part of powder of straw, 1~5 part of dusty yeast, 0~3 part in sodium bicarbonate, 0~3 part of white lime, 1~3 part of EM stoste.
EM stoste pH value 3.5-4.0 wherein, viable bacteria content 1~300,000,000/ml.
In this processing method, the access density of Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot is 0.2~2g Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot/kg compost, and the cultivation temperature of Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot is 25~35 ℃.Under this temperature, Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot begins to get the food compost.In the process of Sarcophga fuscicauda larval growth, compost is fermentation calefaction gradually also.The food of getting through Sarcophga fuscicauda larva 4~5d, compost becomes pitchy, moisture is reduced to 40~60%, material loosening, stink reduces, its content of organic matter, total nutrient (N, P, K total content), moisture and five content of beary metal etc. are detected in the oven dry back, all reach the relevant art index of national biological organic fertilizer.At this moment, the Sarcophga fuscicauda larva has reached aging state, climbs out of compost one after another, and searching is dry, pupate in dark place.
Therefore, before the processing cycle (4~5 days) finishes, 2d before maggots of boettcherisca peregrine is aging preferably, stack region exterior at described maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost in advance and connect a polypide collection container, dry bran powder is housed in this polypide collection container, collects aging maggots of boettcherisca peregrine in order to guiding.As a kind of preferred scheme, can before maggots of boettcherisca peregrine is aging, outside culture vessel, overlap a bigger container again by 2d, and be sprinkled into dry bran powder therein, with convenient collection Sarcophga fuscicauda larva.
Remaining treated maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost is made biological organic fertilizer after the drying, further utilized.
Form owing to be added with the material of the changing food waste of auxiliary material itself, the depletion rate of rubbish also had significant effects under maggots of boettcherisca peregrine was handled, so the material formula of this maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost also belongs to protection scope of the present invention.This prescription is made of the material of following mass fraction: changing food waste 50~90%, sawdust 0~40%, bran powder 0~30%, wheat bran 0~30%, powder of straw 0~40%, dusty yeast 1~5%, EM liquid 1~3%, sodium bicarbonate 0~3%, white lime 0~3%.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
(1) disposal ability of the inventive method is strong, and the more common compost of processing speed is fast, and after treatment, the food garbage capacity reduces 10~30%, and the food garbage peculiar smell reduces, and a collection of food garbage of every processing only needs 4~5 days;
(2) the inventive method occupied ground is few, and the fixed investment cost is low, and does not change land used character; And the processing procedure energy consumption is low, and discharging is few, helps environmental protection;
(3) adopt method of the present invention, changing food waste after treatment becomes the high-quality biological organic fertilizer, and its nutrient content reaches every technical indicator of national biological organic fertilizer, and 10 tons of changing food wastes of every processing can be produced about 4.5 tons of commodity biological organic fertilizer, turn waste into wealth;
(4) the inventive method is in the process of handling food garbage, can be rich in the maggots of boettcherisca peregrine of albumen simultaneously in a large number, 10 tons of changing food wastes of every processing can be produced about 1.5 tons of bright maggots of boettcherisca peregrine, its crude protein content is about 60%, obtain a large amount of high-quality insect bioproteins thus, further increased profit.
The specific embodiment
Below further specify technical scheme of the present invention by specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
Collect classified changing food waste with paper bag, after the coarse crushing, add appropriate amount of auxiliary materials, stir, be mixed with compost, the material formula of compost is as shown in table 1.Compost is poured in the corresponding container, the high 4cm of compost, and insert an amount of Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot on compost surface, insert density and be: 0.2g Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot/kg compost, cultivate down at 30 ℃ after inserting young maggot.At 4d, outside culture vessel, overlap a bigger container again, and be sprinkled into dry bran powder therein, with the convenient maggots of boettcherisca peregrine of collecting.Through 4~5d, maggots of boettcherisca peregrine has reached aging state, climbs out of compost one after another and falls in the bigger container, and compost becomes pitchy, material loosening, and stink reduces, and biological organic fertilizer is made in oven dry.
The prescription 1 of table 1 maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost
Material name Mass percent (%)
Changing food waste 50
Sawdust 10
Bran powder 10
Wheat bran 14
Powder of straw 10
Dusty yeast 3
EM liquid 1
Sodium bicarbonate 1
White lime 1
Embodiment 2
Collect classified changing food waste with paper bag, after the coarse crushing, add appropriate amount of auxiliary materials, stir, be mixed with compost, the material formula of compost is as shown in table 2.Compost is poured in the corresponding container, the high 6cm of compost, and an amount of Sarcophga fuscicauda children of the surperficial access of compost maggot, access density is: 0.6g Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot/kg compost, cultivation Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot under 25 ℃.At 4d, outside culture vessel, overlap a bigger container again, and be sprinkled into dry bran powder therein, with the convenient maggots of boettcherisca peregrine of collecting.Through 4~5d, maggots of boettcherisca peregrine has reached aging state, climbs out of compost one after another and falls in the bigger container, and compost becomes pitchy, material loosening, and stink reduces, and biological organic fertilizer is made in oven dry.
The prescription 2 of table 2 maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost
Material name Mass percent (%)
Changing food waste 70
Sawdust 10
Bran powder 2
Wheat bran 8
Powder of straw 7
Dusty yeast 1
EM liquid 1
Sodium bicarbonate 0
White lime 1
Embodiment 3
Collect classified changing food waste with paper bag, after the coarse crushing, add appropriate amount of auxiliary materials, stir, be mixed with compost, the material formula of compost is as shown in table 3.Compost is poured in the corresponding container, the high 8cm of compost, and an amount of Sarcophga fuscicauda children of the surperficial access of compost maggot, access density is: 1g Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot/kg compost, cultivation Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot under 35 ℃.At 4d, outside culture vessel, overlap a bigger container again, and be sprinkled into dry bran powder therein, with the convenient maggots of boettcherisca peregrine of collecting.Through 4~5d, maggots of boettcherisca peregrine has reached aging state, climbs out of compost one after another and falls in the bigger container, and compost becomes pitchy, material loosening, and stink reduces, and biological organic fertilizer is made in oven dry.
The prescription 3 of table 3 maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost
Material name Mass percent (%)
Changing food waste 90
Sawdust 0
Bran powder 0
Wheat bran 7
Powder of straw 0
Dusty yeast 1
EM liquid 1
Sodium bicarbonate 1
White lime 0

Claims (10)

1. method of utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle changing food waste, it is characterized in that and to add auxiliary material after the changing food waste coarse crushing, obtain the maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost, insert Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot again, Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot is got the food compost, makes rubbish obtain handling and removing.
2. the method for utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle changing food waste as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described auxiliary material is one or more the mixture among sawdust, bran powder, wheat bran, powder of straw, dusty yeast, sodium bicarbonate, white lime and the EM.
3. the method for utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle changing food waste as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the mass fraction of described changing food waste in described maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost is 50~90%; Remaining is auxiliary material, and auxiliary material is made up of the material of following weight proportion: 0~40 part in sawdust, 0~30 part of bran powder, 0~30 part in wheat bran, 0~40 part of powder of straw, 1~5 part of dusty yeast, 0~3 part in sodium bicarbonate, 0~3 part of white lime, 1~3 part of EM stoste.
4. the method for utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle changing food waste as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that described EM stoste pH value 3.5-4.0, viable bacteria content 1~300,000,000/ml.
5. the method for utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle changing food waste as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the cultivation temperature of described Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot is 25~35 ℃.
6. the method for utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle changing food waste as claimed in claim 1, the access density that it is characterized in that described Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot are 0.2~2g Sarcophga fuscicauda children maggot/kg compost.
7. the method for utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle changing food waste as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the thickness with described maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost is 4~10cm.
8. the method for utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle changing food waste as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that stacking region exterior at described maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost connects a polypide collection container, dry bran powder is housed in this polypide collection container, collects aging maggots of boettcherisca peregrine in order to guiding.
9. the method for utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle changing food waste as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that in the described processing cycle be 4~5 days; After the maggots of boettcherisca peregrine compost disposed, biological organic fertilizer was made in oven dry.
10. a material formula that utilizes maggots of boettcherisca peregrine to handle changing food waste is characterized in that being made of the material of following mass fraction: changing food waste 50~90%, sawdust 0~40%, bran powder 0~30%, wheat bran 0~30%, powder of straw 0~40%, dusty yeast 1~5%, EM liquid 1~3%, sodium bicarbonate 0~3%, white lime 0~3%.
CN2010102033976A 2010-06-13 2010-06-13 Method and material formula for treating restaurant and kitchen garbage by utilizing maggots of boettcherisca peregrine CN101905231B (en)

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Cited By (11)

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CN102218434A (en) * 2011-03-28 2011-10-19 舟山市普陀新展望水产饲料有限公司 Processing method of food waste
CN104291889A (en) * 2014-07-14 2015-01-21 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Production method for organic fertilizer special for tobacco and organic fertilizer special for tobacco
CN105248379A (en) * 2015-09-17 2016-01-20 吉首市晨曦农业生物科技有限公司 Production method of hogwash microbial fermentation materials and application of hogwash microbial fermentation materials in housefly larvae cultivation
CN106342758A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-25 徐功达 Method for breeding maggots through food waste soup in combination auxiliary materials
CN106540951A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-29 湖南帝星智能科技有限公司 A kind of Food waste treatment method based on bioconversion
CN107262509A (en) * 2017-08-12 2017-10-20 张超 Food waste treatment equipment
CN107262508A (en) * 2017-08-12 2017-10-20 张超 Restaurant garbage treating system
CN107520229A (en) * 2017-08-12 2017-12-29 张超 Automate kitchen garbage handling process
CN107520230A (en) * 2017-08-12 2017-12-29 张超 Food waste treatment method
CN109053243A (en) * 2018-11-08 2018-12-21 杭州萧山汇仁复合有机肥料有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer and its processing technology
CN109627116A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-04-16 袁洁莉 Multifunctional biological fertilizer and its preparation method and application

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JP2004181379A (en) * 2002-12-04 2004-07-02 Purotekku:Kk Method and apparatus for organic waste disposal
WO2005102368A1 (en) * 2004-04-15 2005-11-03 Institut De Recherche Pour Le Developpement Method for the biodegradation of protein- and/or fat-rich materials
CN101774831A (en) * 2010-02-05 2010-07-14 中山大学 Method for eliminating food rubbish

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CN1270762A (en) * 2000-05-08 2000-10-25 余蓉 Method of producing bacteria-free maggot protein feed by using grain leftover as material
JP2004181379A (en) * 2002-12-04 2004-07-02 Purotekku:Kk Method and apparatus for organic waste disposal
WO2005102368A1 (en) * 2004-04-15 2005-11-03 Institut De Recherche Pour Le Developpement Method for the biodegradation of protein- and/or fat-rich materials
CN101774831A (en) * 2010-02-05 2010-07-14 中山大学 Method for eliminating food rubbish

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102218434A (en) * 2011-03-28 2011-10-19 舟山市普陀新展望水产饲料有限公司 Processing method of food waste
CN104291889A (en) * 2014-07-14 2015-01-21 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Production method for organic fertilizer special for tobacco and organic fertilizer special for tobacco
CN104291889B (en) * 2014-07-14 2016-11-23 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 One grows tobacco the production method of fertilizer special for organic and Nicotiana tabacum L. fertilizer special for organic
CN105248379A (en) * 2015-09-17 2016-01-20 吉首市晨曦农业生物科技有限公司 Production method of hogwash microbial fermentation materials and application of hogwash microbial fermentation materials in housefly larvae cultivation
CN106342758A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-25 徐功达 Method for breeding maggots through food waste soup in combination auxiliary materials
CN106540951A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-29 湖南帝星智能科技有限公司 A kind of Food waste treatment method based on bioconversion
CN107262509A (en) * 2017-08-12 2017-10-20 张超 Food waste treatment equipment
CN107262508A (en) * 2017-08-12 2017-10-20 张超 Restaurant garbage treating system
CN107520229A (en) * 2017-08-12 2017-12-29 张超 Automate kitchen garbage handling process
CN107520230A (en) * 2017-08-12 2017-12-29 张超 Food waste treatment method
CN107520229B (en) * 2017-08-12 2021-03-19 南京贝克依环保科技有限公司 Automatic kitchen waste treatment process
CN109053243A (en) * 2018-11-08 2018-12-21 杭州萧山汇仁复合有机肥料有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer and its processing technology
CN109627116A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-04-16 袁洁莉 Multifunctional biological fertilizer and its preparation method and application

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