CN104663518A - Technical method for paddy field adult crab cultivation - Google Patents

Technical method for paddy field adult crab cultivation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104663518A
CN104663518A CN201310636501.4A CN201310636501A CN104663518A CN 104663518 A CN104663518 A CN 104663518A CN 201310636501 A CN201310636501 A CN 201310636501A CN 104663518 A CN104663518 A CN 104663518A
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rice
water
ditch
crab
feed
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CN201310636501.4A
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叶胜佳
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叶胜佳
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Priority to CN201310636501.4A priority Critical patent/CN104663518A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention provides a technical method for paddly field adult crab cultivation and relates to the technical field of aquaculture. The technical method for the paddy field adult crab cultivation includes the following steps: farmland works, crab species stocking, feeding management, disease control and timely crabbing. The technical method for the paddy field adult crab cultivation has the advantages of fully utilizing production resources, and being free of professional equipment and breeding pollution, standard and norm in cultivation technology, scientific and norm in feeding, novel in co-culture technique, and greatly improving the quality of aquaculture and the benefits of adult crabs.

Description

A kind of technical method of Raising Ripe Crabs in Rice Field
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, be specifically related to a kind of technical method of Raising Ripe Crabs in Rice Field.
Background technology
Become crab, also cry " eriocheir sinensis ", Arthropoda Crustacea animal.The carapace that head and chest are combined into is square circular, and quality is hard.Front end body has a pair, and side has two to very hard sharp crab tooth.Crab a pair appendage is foremost the foot of a chela, and surface covers with fine hair; 4 pairs of steps are had after the foot of a chela, flat-sided and longer; Abdominal appendage is degenerated.Become the male and female of crab can distinguish from its belly: female belly is rounded, and male belly is triangle.Delicious flavour, nutritious, there is very high economic worth, owing to becoming the value of crab high, therefore market always there will be the phenomenon that supply falls short of demand, therefore become propagating artificially of crab to rise at present, but become crab cultural technique still more traditional, the survival rate of cultivation is extremely low, the serious desire of having attacked the cultivation of raiser and enthusiasm.
Summary of the invention
It is high that technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide one to cultivate efficiency, and cost investment is little, is convenient to the technical method of the Raising Ripe Crabs in Rice Field managed.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention realizes by the following technical solutions.
A technical method for Raising Ripe Crabs in Rice Field, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1), irrigation facility:
1., Environment is quiet, and have abundant water resources, water quality is good, and without industrial pollution, it is convenient to enter draining, the field that flood does not flood, arid is not done, moisture capacity is strong.Ridge is firm, does not collapse, wide 1.5-3.0 rice.Area 8-10 mu, inside ridge, 2-3 rice far digs circular groove, wide 1-2 rice, and dark 1.0 meters, the gradient is 1:1.2, and dig " ten " or " well " word railway carriage or compartment ditch, railway carriage or compartment ditch is connected with outer circular groove, face, railway carriage or compartment kind rice, crab farming in ditch.Build dark 1.5 meters in the one end in field, account for the storage pond, holding pond of field area 5%.Irrigation facility accounts for rice field area 15%-20%.Enter discharge outlet diagonal angle to arrange, plant pasture and water etc. in ditch, pond, coverage rate controls at 30%-50%.
2., fence established by the smooth durable material such as field four weekly selection calcium-plastic board or plastic film.Top 40-50 centimetre above ground level, imbeds lower 10 centimetres of soil.Outside timber or solid rope will prevent that escaping film fixes.
(2), crab kind is put in a suitable place to breed:
Selection limbs are complete, and physique is healthy and strong, neat specification, and energy is strong, anosis, and specification per kilogram 60-100 only.Soak 3 minutes in water before and after clear and bright, leave the water 10 minutes, so repeatedly put into storage pond, holding pond 3 times and support temporarily, the dipped into formalin sterilization in 10 minutes of crab kind 50-100 mg/litre puts into land for growing field crops again.Full field bulk storage, mu stocking rate is 15-20 kilogram.
(3) feeding and management:
1., paddy rice management: select that resistance to fertility is strong, the hard high yield rice varieties not easily falling shape, disease resistance of stalk, disposablely before rice transplanting use sufficient base manure, before rice transplanting, rice shoot is sprayed in medication in 1-2 days.
2., control more than water quality pure and fresh dissolved oxygen in water 5 mg/litre, every 3-5 days changes water 1 time, changes 10 centimetres, water at every turn.
The feed of animal origin of manual manufacture of 3., throwing something and feeding and vegetable feed.
4., day throw the amount of raising be 5%-10%, Feeding time, when 4-5 in afternoon every day, throws something and feeds place around ditch.
(4) disease control:
Every first quarter moon is sterilized 1 time, blast blending, shell element and antibiotic in feed.
(5) crabbing in good time
After paddy rice harvesting, start crabbing.Discharge water at night, lamp light trapping.
In described step (3)-3., the feed of animality is small fish, shrimp, silkworm chrysalis, earthworm, spiral shell meat, freshwater mussel meat, fish meal, blood meal, slaughter house offcuts, insect, and vegetable feed is pasture and water, duckweed, algae, melon, cake class, bean dregs, wheat bran, rice bran.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention make use of the resources of production fully, without the need to professional equipment, polluting without cultivating, Cultivating techniques standard criterion, throwing is raised scientific and normal, raises together with technology novelty, improve the quality of aquaculture significantly, thus improve into the income of crab.
Embodiment
The technological means realized to make the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, setting forth the present invention further.
Embodiment 1
A technical method for Raising Ripe Crabs in Rice Field, comprises the following steps:
(1), irrigation facility:
1., Environment is quiet, and have abundant water resources, water quality is good, and without industrial pollution, it is convenient to enter draining, the field that flood does not flood, arid is not done, moisture capacity is strong.Ridge is firm, does not collapse, wide 1.5 meters.Area 8 mu, inside ridge, 2 meters are far dug circular groove, wide 1 meter, and dark 1.0 meters, the gradient is 1:1.2, and dig " ten " or " well " word railway carriage or compartment ditch, railway carriage or compartment ditch is connected with outer circular groove, face, railway carriage or compartment kind rice, crab farming in ditch.Build dark 1.5 meters in the one end in field, account for the storage pond, holding pond of field area 5%.Irrigation facility accounts for rice field area 15%.Enter discharge outlet diagonal angle to arrange, plant pasture and water etc. in ditch, pond, coverage rate controls 30%.
2., fence established by the smooth durable material such as field four weekly selection calcium-plastic board or plastic film.Top 40-50 centimetre above ground level, imbeds lower 10 centimetres of soil.Outside timber or solid rope will prevent that escaping film fixes.
(2), crab kind is put in a suitable place to breed:
Selection limbs are complete, and physique is healthy and strong, neat specification, and energy is strong, anosis, specification per kilogram 60.Soak 3 minutes in water before and after clear and bright, leave the water 10 minutes, so repeatedly put into storage pond, holding pond 3 times and support temporarily, the dipped into formalin sterilization in 10 minutes of 50 mg/litre of crab kind puts into land for growing field crops again.Full field bulk storage, mu stocking rate is 15 kilograms.
(3) feeding and management:
1., paddy rice management: select that resistance to fertility is strong, the hard high yield rice varieties not easily falling shape, disease resistance of stalk, disposablely before rice transplanting use sufficient base manure, rice shoot is sprayed in rice transplanting medication in first 1 day.
2., control more than water quality pure and fresh dissolved oxygen in water 5 mg/litre, within every 3 days, change water 1 time, change 10 centimetres, water at every turn.
The feed of animal origin of manual manufacture of 3., throwing something and feeding and vegetable feed.The feed of animality is small fish, shrimp, silkworm chrysalis, earthworm, spiral shell meat, freshwater mussel meat, fish meal, blood meal, slaughter house offcuts, insect, and vegetable feed is pasture and water, duckweed, algae, melon, cake class, bean dregs, wheat bran, rice bran.
4., day throw the amount of raising be 5%, Feeding time, every day afternoon 4 time, throws something and feeds place around ditch.
(4) disease control:
Every first quarter moon is sterilized 1 time, blast blending, shell element and antibiotic in feed.
(5) crabbing in good time
After paddy rice harvesting, start crabbing.Discharge water at night, lamp light trapping.
Embodiment 2
A technical method for Raising Ripe Crabs in Rice Field, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1), irrigation facility:
1., Environment is quiet, and have abundant water resources, water quality is good, and without industrial pollution, it is convenient to enter draining, the field that flood does not flood, arid is not done, moisture capacity is strong.Ridge is firm, does not collapse, wide 3.0 meters.Area 10 mu, inside ridge, 3 meters are far dug circular groove, wide 2 meters, and dark 1.0 meters, the gradient is 1:1.2, and dig " ten " or " well " word railway carriage or compartment ditch, railway carriage or compartment ditch is connected with outer circular groove, face, railway carriage or compartment kind rice, crab farming in ditch.Build dark 1.5 meters in the one end in field, account for the storage pond, holding pond of field area 5%.Irrigation facility accounts for rice field area 20%.Enter discharge outlet diagonal angle to arrange, plant pasture and water etc. in ditch, pond, coverage rate controls 50%.
2., fence established by the smooth durable material such as field four weekly selection calcium-plastic board or plastic film.50 centimetres above ground level of top, imbeds lower 10 centimetres of soil.Outside timber or solid rope will prevent that escaping film fixes.
(2), crab kind is put in a suitable place to breed:
Selection limbs are complete, and physique is healthy and strong, neat specification, and energy is strong, anosis, specification per kilogram 100.Soak 3 minutes in water before and after clear and bright, leave the water 10 minutes, so repeatedly put into storage pond, holding pond 3 times and support temporarily, the dipped into formalin sterilization in 10 minutes of 100 mg/litre of crab kind puts into land for growing field crops again.Full field bulk storage, mu stocking rate is 20 kilograms.
(3) feeding and management:
1., paddy rice management: select that resistance to fertility is strong, the hard high yield rice varieties not easily falling shape, disease resistance of stalk, disposablely before rice transplanting use sufficient base manure, rice shoot is sprayed in rice transplanting medication in first 2 days.
2., control more than water quality pure and fresh dissolved oxygen in water 5 mg/litre, within every 5 days, change water 1 time, change 10 centimetres, water at every turn.
The feed of animal origin of manual manufacture of 3., throwing something and feeding and vegetable feed.The feed of animality is small fish, shrimp, silkworm chrysalis, earthworm, spiral shell meat, freshwater mussel meat, fish meal, blood meal, slaughter house offcuts, insect, and vegetable feed is pasture and water, duckweed, algae, melon, cake class, bean dregs, wheat bran, rice bran.
4., day throw the amount of raising be 10%, Feeding time, when 4-5 in afternoon every day, throws something and feeds place around ditch.
(4) disease control:
Every first quarter moon is sterilized 1 time, blast blending, shell element and antibiotic in feed.
(5) crabbing in good time
After paddy rice harvesting, start crabbing.Discharge water at night, lamp light trapping.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (2)

1. a technical method for Raising Ripe Crabs in Rice Field, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1), irrigation facility:
1., Environment is quiet, and have abundant water resources, water quality is good, and without industrial pollution, it is convenient to enter draining, the field that flood does not flood, arid is not done, moisture capacity is strong; Ridge is firm, does not collapse, wide 1.5-3.0 rice; Area 8-10 mu, inside ridge, 2-3 rice far digs circular groove, wide 1-2 rice, and dark 1.0 meters, the gradient is 1:1.2, and dig " ten " or " well " word railway carriage or compartment ditch, railway carriage or compartment ditch is connected with outer circular groove, face, railway carriage or compartment kind rice, crab farming in ditch; Build dark 1.5 meters in the one end in field, account for the storage pond, holding pond of field area 5%; Irrigation facility accounts for rice field area 15%-20%; Enter discharge outlet diagonal angle to arrange, plant pasture and water etc. in ditch, pond, coverage rate controls at 30%-50%;
2., fence established by the smooth durable material such as field four weekly selection calcium-plastic board or plastic film; Top 40-50 centimetre above ground level, imbeds lower 10 centimetres of soil; Outside timber or solid rope will prevent that escaping film fixes;
(2), crab kind is put in a suitable place to breed:
Selection limbs are complete, and physique is healthy and strong, neat specification, and energy is strong, anosis, and specification per kilogram 60-100 only; Soak 3 minutes in water before and after clear and bright, leave the water 10 minutes, so repeatedly put into storage pond, holding pond 3 times and support temporarily, the dipped into formalin sterilization in 10 minutes of crab kind 50-100 mg/litre puts into land for growing field crops again; Full field bulk storage, mu stocking rate is 15-20 kilogram;
(3) feeding and management:
1., paddy rice management: select that resistance to fertility is strong, the hard high yield rice varieties not easily falling shape, disease resistance of stalk, disposablely before rice transplanting use sufficient base manure, before rice transplanting, rice shoot is sprayed in medication in 1-2 days;
2., control more than water quality pure and fresh dissolved oxygen in water 5 mg/litre, every 3-5 days changes water 1 time, changes 10 centimetres, water at every turn;
The feed of animal origin of manual manufacture of 3., throwing something and feeding and vegetable feed;
4., day throw the amount of raising be 5%-10%, Feeding time, when 4-5 in afternoon every day, throws something and feeds place around ditch;
(4) disease control:
Every first quarter moon is sterilized 1 time, blast blending, shell element and antibiotic in feed;
(5) crabbing in good time:
After paddy rice harvesting, start crabbing.Discharge water at night, lamp light trapping.
2. the technical method of a kind of Raising Ripe Crabs in Rice Field according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
In described step (3)-3., the feed of animality is small fish, shrimp, silkworm chrysalis, earthworm, spiral shell meat, freshwater mussel meat, fish meal, blood meal, slaughter house offcuts, insect, and vegetable feed is pasture and water, duckweed, algae, melon, cake class, bean dregs, wheat bran, rice bran.
CN201310636501.4A 2013-12-03 2013-12-03 Technical method for paddy field adult crab cultivation Pending CN104663518A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104982273A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-10-21 遵义华丰农资有限公司 Cultivation method allowing rice-fish intergrowth
CN105360033A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-02 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Ecologically efficient shrimp and crab mixed culture method
CN105613363A (en) * 2015-09-20 2016-06-01 盘锦光合蟹业有限公司 Method for breeding one-year-old crabs in river crab families through large-scale enclosures in paddy field
CN105875304A (en) * 2016-05-03 2016-08-24 北京林大林业科技股份有限公司 Three-in-one compound ecological planting and culturing method of rice, crabs and soybeans
CN106171705A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-07 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 A kind of construction method of Arid Region rice cultivation cultivated crabs fish goose
CN106614187A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-10 湘阴鹤龙湖杰亿生生态农业发展有限公司 Straw kneaded filament roll providing shelter for shrimps and crabs and capable of being eaten for same, and manufacturing method for straw kneaded row
CN109924083A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-06-25 无为县庆林水产养殖专业合作社 A kind of rice crab polyculture method
CN110692466A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-01-17 华中农业大学 Soil improving, high yield and efficiency increasing method for rice and shrimp co-farming
CN111685068A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-09-22 广西壮族自治区水产技术推广站 Rice field breeding method for procambarus clarkii

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104982273A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-10-21 遵义华丰农资有限公司 Cultivation method allowing rice-fish intergrowth
CN105613363A (en) * 2015-09-20 2016-06-01 盘锦光合蟹业有限公司 Method for breeding one-year-old crabs in river crab families through large-scale enclosures in paddy field
CN105360033A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-02 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Ecologically efficient shrimp and crab mixed culture method
CN105875304A (en) * 2016-05-03 2016-08-24 北京林大林业科技股份有限公司 Three-in-one compound ecological planting and culturing method of rice, crabs and soybeans
CN106171705A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-07 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 A kind of construction method of Arid Region rice cultivation cultivated crabs fish goose
CN106614187A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-10 湘阴鹤龙湖杰亿生生态农业发展有限公司 Straw kneaded filament roll providing shelter for shrimps and crabs and capable of being eaten for same, and manufacturing method for straw kneaded row
CN109924083A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-06-25 无为县庆林水产养殖专业合作社 A kind of rice crab polyculture method
CN110692466A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-01-17 华中农业大学 Soil improving, high yield and efficiency increasing method for rice and shrimp co-farming
CN111685068A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-09-22 广西壮族自治区水产技术推广站 Rice field breeding method for procambarus clarkii

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Application publication date: 20150603