CN104557170A - Returning method of crop straws - Google Patents

Returning method of crop straws Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104557170A
CN104557170A CN201310498106.4A CN201310498106A CN104557170A CN 104557170 A CN104557170 A CN 104557170A CN 201310498106 A CN201310498106 A CN 201310498106A CN 104557170 A CN104557170 A CN 104557170A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stalk
field
straws
pond
rotten
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310498106.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱全顺
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Individual
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Individual
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201310498106.4A priority Critical patent/CN104557170A/en
Publication of CN104557170A publication Critical patent/CN104557170A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of comprehensive utilization of crop straws, in particular to a returning method of crop straws. The method comprises the steps that an appropriate fermenting tank is dug at the corner of a field; the straws are stacked in the fermenting tank in layers; an appropriate amount of farm manure is applied in each layer; the straws are uniformly and closely covered at stack tops via soil after stacking completion; the rotten straws are dug out of the fermenting tank and returned to the field after deterioration for several months; the rotten straws are uniformly applied in the field as a base fertilizer; and a rotten organic matter becomes clean green manure. The fertilizer can allow hardened land to become soft; the fertilizer cost of farming can be saved; and environmental pollution caused by incineration of the straws is reduced.

Description

A kind of method for returning straws of crops to field
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural crop straw field of comprehensive utilization, specifically a kind of method for returning straws of crops to field.
Background technology
China is a large agricultural country, and crop yield is large, produces a large amount of agricultural crop straws simultaneously, except for except the use such as livestock feed, also field fertilizer, industrial raw material, and more than several hundred million tons of residues of also having an appointment every year.Along with the development of agricultural, the increase of crop yield, stalk quantum of output constantly increases.Become waste as the agricultural crop straw of main fuel or taken certain farmland for a long time and piled up throughout the year, or on-site incineration, especially around big and medium-sized cities and national key road along the line, crop straw burning becomes the universal phenomenon growed in intensity.Do like this, not only waste a large amount of resources, and severe contamination atmospheric environment, constrain Sustainable Developmentof Rural Economy, also bring social concern.
Summary of the invention
For problem above, the invention provides a kind of method for returning straws of crops to field, the object of the present invention is achieved like this:
A kind of method for returning straws of crops to field, is characterized in that: specifically comprise the following steps:
(1) dig fermentation vat: select the turning of field, dig a pond, the earth a dug out part is stacked in the surrounding in pond, and tread as Jiao Geng, another part is deposited in side, treats that stalk is piled, and is used for stalks mulching;
(2) crushing straw enters fermentation vat: pulverized by the agricultural crop straw pulverizer of results, and tiled by the stalk after pulverizing in the pond dug, laying depth is the stalk layer of 10-100cm simultaneously, and the reality that tramps with one's feet;
(3) on stalk layer, lay one deck farmers' excrement;
(4) previous step (2), (3) are repeated;
(5) enrobe: after stalk has been banked up, with earth by the stalk layer in pond and farmers''s excrement lid reality, the thickness 5-10cm of coverture;
(6) cropland application: rotten stalk, after the corruption of some months, is dug out also field from Jiao Chizhong by stalk, spreads fertilizer over the fields equably and does base manure use in field, then turn over to field.
Preferred as one, the standard specifications on fermentation vat every mu ground is dark 1.0-2.0m, wide 1.5-2.0m, long 2.0-2.5m.
Preferred as another kind, the stalk stacked in fermentation vat is four layers, and the thickness that stalk is placed is followed successively by from the bottom to top: 40-50 cm, 30-40cm, 20-30cm, 15-25cm.
The present invention has the following advantages: this straw utilization complex art is simple to operate, with low cost, draw materials conveniently, efficiently solve the burning problem of stalk, accumulate again a large amount of organic fertilizer, can gather materials on the spot, avoid long distance carrying, saving of work and time, floor space is little, the edge of a field cellar for storing things of digging out can crop rotation Reusability, and straw-returning can improve soil physical chemistry performance, strengthens soil permeability, reduce fertilizer amount.
Embodiment
Below by way of example, the present invention will be further described:
Embodiment 1
A kind of method for returning straws of crops to field, is characterized in that: specifically comprise the following steps:
(1) fermentation vat is dug.Select the turning of field, dig a dark 1.0m, wide 1.5m, long 2.0m pond, the earth a dug out part is stacked in the surrounding in pond, and tread as Jiao Geng, another part is deposited in side, treats that stalk is piled, and is used for stalks mulching;
(2) crushing straw enters fermentation vat.Pulverized by the agricultural crop straw pulverizer of results, tiled by the stalk after pulverizing in the pond dug, lay stalk layer, stalk is four layers, and the thickness that stalk is placed is followed successively by 40 cm, 30cm, 20cm, 15cm from the bottom to top simultaneously, and the reality that tramps with one's feet;
(3) on stalk layer, lay one deck farmers' excrement.Get the animal residue of poultry, the collection of Yang Yadeng plant, or the movement of farmers''s life;
(4) enrobe.After stalk has been banked up, with earth by the stalk layer in pond and farmers''s excrement lid reality, the thickness 5cm of coverture;
(5) cropland application.Rotten stalk, after the corruption of some months, is dug out also field from Jiao Chizhong by stalk, spreads fertilizer over the fields equably and does base manure use in field, then turn over to field.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method for returning straws of crops to field, is characterized in that: specifically comprise the following steps:
(1) fermentation vat is dug.Select the turning of field, dig a dark 2.0m, wide 2.0m, long 2.5m pond, the earth a dug out part is stacked in the surrounding in pond, and tread as Jiao Geng, another part is deposited in side, treats that stalk is piled, and is used for stalks mulching;
(2) crushing straw enters fermentation vat.Pulverized by the agricultural crop straw pulverizer of results, tiled by the stalk after pulverizing in the pond dug, lay stalk layer, stalk is four layers, and the thickness that stalk is placed is followed successively by 50cm, 40cm, 30cm, 25cm from the bottom to top simultaneously, and the reality that tramps with one's feet;
(3) on stalk layer, lay one deck farmers' excrement.Get the animal residue of poultry, the collection of Yang Yadeng plant, or the movement of farmers''s life;
(4) enrobe.After stalk has been banked up, with earth by the stalk layer in pond and farmers''s excrement lid reality, the thickness 10cm of coverture;
(5) cropland application.Rotten stalk, after the corruption of some months, is dug out also field from Jiao Chizhong by stalk, spreads fertilizer over the fields equably and does base manure use in field, then turn over to field.

Claims (3)

1. a method for returning straws of crops to field, is characterized in that: specifically comprise the following steps:
(1) dig fermentation vat and select the turning of field, dig a pond, the earth a dug out part is stacked in the surrounding in pond, and tread as Jiao Geng, another part is deposited in side, treats that stalk is piled, and is used for stalks mulching;
(2) crushing straw enters fermentation vat and is pulverized by the agricultural crop straw pulverizer of results, and tiled by the stalk after pulverizing in the pond dug, laying depth is the stalk layer of 10-100cm simultaneously, and the reality that tramps with one's feet;
(3) on stalk layer, lay one deck farmers' excrement;
(4) previous step (2), (3) are repeated;
(5) enrobe is after stalk has been banked up, with earth by the stalk layer in pond and farmers''s excrement lid reality, and the thickness 5-10cm of coverture;
(6) cropland application stalk is after the corruption of some months, and rotten stalk is dug out also field from Jiao Chizhong, spreads fertilizer over the fields equably and does base manure use in field, then turn over to field.
2., according to the rotten also field method of the agricultural crop straw heap described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the standard specifications on described fermentation vat every mu ground is dark 1.0-2.0m, wide 1.5-2.0m, long 2.0-2.5m.
3. the method for returning straws of crops to field according to claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: the stalk stacked in described fermentation vat is four layers, and the thickness that stalk is placed is followed successively by from the bottom to top: 40-50cm, 30-40cm, 20-30cm, 15-25cm.
CN201310498106.4A 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Returning method of crop straws Pending CN104557170A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310498106.4A CN104557170A (en) 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Returning method of crop straws

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310498106.4A CN104557170A (en) 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Returning method of crop straws

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104557170A true CN104557170A (en) 2015-04-29

Family

ID=53074357

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310498106.4A Pending CN104557170A (en) 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Returning method of crop straws

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104557170A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105175198A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-23 常州市长宇实用气体有限公司 Method for preparing rice strong seedling slow-release fertilizer by using rice straws
CN105237056A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-13 蚌埠龙达农业专业合作社 Technical method of crop biogas decayed fertilizer with crop straw as base body
CN105837343A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-10 安徽喜洋洋农业科技有限公司 Method decaying crop straw to produce matrix
CN106116721A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-16 孙远文 A kind of farm manure processing technology
CN106348798A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-25 宿州市埇桥区杨园种植专业合作社 Method for returning crop stalks to field by microbial fermentation
CN107129334A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-09-05 何振贤 A kind of maize straw method increase soil fertility
CN107226760A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-10-03 朱玲芳 A kind of method of maize straw full dose returning to the field on the spot
CN107698383A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-02-16 紫云自治县恒泰农牧开发有限公司 A kind of method that stalk fermentation is backfilling into milpa
CN113860927A (en) * 2021-09-30 2021-12-31 樊耀斌 Straw recycling method for field crushing fermentation

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105237056A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-13 蚌埠龙达农业专业合作社 Technical method of crop biogas decayed fertilizer with crop straw as base body
CN105175198A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-23 常州市长宇实用气体有限公司 Method for preparing rice strong seedling slow-release fertilizer by using rice straws
CN105837343A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-10 安徽喜洋洋农业科技有限公司 Method decaying crop straw to produce matrix
CN106116721A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-16 孙远文 A kind of farm manure processing technology
CN106348798A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-25 宿州市埇桥区杨园种植专业合作社 Method for returning crop stalks to field by microbial fermentation
CN107129334A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-09-05 何振贤 A kind of maize straw method increase soil fertility
CN107226760A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-10-03 朱玲芳 A kind of method of maize straw full dose returning to the field on the spot
CN107698383A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-02-16 紫云自治县恒泰农牧开发有限公司 A kind of method that stalk fermentation is backfilling into milpa
CN113860927A (en) * 2021-09-30 2021-12-31 樊耀斌 Straw recycling method for field crushing fermentation

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Application publication date: 20150429