CN104396779B - Pigpen fermentation bed packing and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Pigpen fermentation bed packing and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104396779B
CN104396779B CN201410613001.3A CN201410613001A CN104396779B CN 104396779 B CN104396779 B CN 104396779B CN 201410613001 A CN201410613001 A CN 201410613001A CN 104396779 B CN104396779 B CN 104396779B
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microbial inoculum
padding
layer
bedding
fermenting bed
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CN104396779A (en
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黄超
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GUANGXI XIONGGUI SWINE BREEDING Co Ltd
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GUANGXI XIONGGUI SWINE BREEDING Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/015Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets ; Stable floors
    • A01K1/0152Litter
    • A01K1/0155Litter comprising organic material

Abstract

The invention discloses pigpen fermentation bed packing. The pigpen fermentation bed packing comprises 30 to 50 parts of rice husks, 30 to 50 parts of sawdust, 20 to 40 parts of peanut shells, 30 to 50 parts of sugarcane slag, 10 to 30 parts of hay, 5 to 10 parts of garlic powder, 20 to 30 parts of tea slag, 10 to 20 parts of wormwood and 20 to 50 parts of sand, the packing components are divided into three layers, and each layer of packing is firstly fermented and then laid in a pigpen in a layering manner. The pigpen fermentation bed packing is wide in source, low in cost, simple in preparation method, remarkable in effect and capable of increasing the economic benefit of farmers.

Description

A kind of pigsty fermenting bed padding and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of poultry fermentation bed, more particularly to a kind of pigsty fermenting bed padding.
Background technology
Fermentation bed to raise pig technology is in whole nation popularization, in practice it has proved that pig is in the fermenting bed padding made of sawdust and rice husk Upper growth, fecaluria exempts from cleaning, and pig house odorless, original position is dissolved fecaluria, and pork no drug residue, water-saving saves ground, is a kind of advanced ring Maintenance plantation technology and welfare pig raising technology.But at present fermentation bed to raise pig technology also imperfection, during engineering practice, runs into The explanation effect of bedding and padding is bad to wait the difficult problem of formula of padding.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of pigsty fermenting bed padding, effectively improves the degradation effect of fermentation bed, while this The pigsty fermenting bed padding of invention also has repelling effect, is effectively improved the sleep quality of live pig, and the fermentation bed of the present invention Bedding and padding preparation method is simple, material composition safety non-toxic.
The present invention provide technical scheme be:
A kind of pigsty fermenting bed padding, including the component of following weight portion:
Rice husk 30-50, sawdust 30-50, peanut shell 20-40, bagasse 30-50, hay 10-30, garlic powder 5-10, tea grounds 20-30, wormwood 10-20, silt 20-50.
Preferably, in the pigsty fermenting bed padding, the fermenting bed padding also includes microbial inoculum of the weight portion for 5-10 First, weight portion is the microbial inoculum three of microbial inoculum two and weight portion for 3-8 of 10-15;Wherein described microbial inoculum one is nitrobacteria, rod-like stem Bacterium and bacillus subtilis;The microbial inoculum two is Bacillus acidi lactici, lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus plantarum;The microbial inoculum three is excrement chain Coccus and Brevibacillus brevis.
Preferably, in the pigsty fermenting bed padding, nitrobacteria, corynebacteria and withered grass bud in the microbial inoculum one Spore bacillus is 1 according to weight ratio:1:1 prepares;Bacillus acidi lactici, lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus plantarum are according to weight in the microbial inoculum two Amount is than being 1:2:3 prepare;Streptococcus fecalis and Brevibacillus brevis are 1 according to weight ratio in the microbial inoculum three:3 prepare.
Preferably, in the pigsty fermenting bed padding, the fermenting bed padding is divided into three layers:Ground floor is the bottom, It is made up of silt, bagasse and microbial inoculum one, the second layer is intermediate layer, by two groups of hay, garlic powder, wormwood, peanut shell and microbial inoculum Into third layer is the superiors, is made up of rice husk, sawdust, tea grounds.
A kind of preparation method of pigsty fermenting bed padding, comprises the following steps:
Step one, take tea grounds and be exposed to the sun 1-3d, be 5-10% to water content, cool down 1-2d, crush, cross 100-200 mesh sieves, obtain To tea grounds powder;
In step 2, the bedding and padding of ground floor, bagasse adds microbial inoculum one to ferment 5-10 days, controls fermentation temperature for 50-60 DEG C, then the bagasse after fermentation is mixed with silt, obtain ground floor bedding and padding;In the bedding and padding of the second layer, by hay and peanut Shell mixing adds sealing and fermenting 5-10 days of microbial inoculum two, controls fermentation temperature for 60-70 DEG C, then mixes with garlic powder, wormwood; To second layer bedding and padding;
In step 3, the bedding and padding of third layer, tea grounds powder is mixed with rice husk, sawdust, add the fermentation 10-15d of microbial inoculum three, temperature Spend for 60-80 DEG C, obtain third layer bedding and padding.
Preferably, in the preparation method of pigsty fermenting bed padding, the height of the fermenting bed padding is 20-50cm.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:The pigsty padding preparation that the present invention is provided, has taken into full account the physilogical characteristics of pig, ties Efficient bacterium is closed, the ability that fermentation bed digests fecaluria is improved, pigsty smell is eliminated, while garlic powder, the addition of wormwood can not only Improve the anti pathologic immunity power of pig, moreover it is possible to effectively harassing and wrecking of the mosquito expelling to swinery, the sleep quality of pig is improved, while in fermentation bed The superiors' bedding and padding in add tea grounds, it contains abundant dietary fiber, protein and liposoluble vitamin, effectively prevents pig Constipation, promotes digesting and assimilating for pig, improves pork quality;Brevibacillus brevis in the superiors are used as the environment benefit in fermentation bed Raw bacterium, the status of bacterium of keeping on top in fermentation bed enhances the competitive advantage with harmful bacteria, improves disappearing for ground floor fermentation bed Fecal energy power, effectively extends the use time of fermentation bed, and needed raw material wide material sources of the present invention, and with low cost, effect shows Write, there is very great meaning to improving pigsty fermentation bed.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the present invention is described in further detail, to make those skilled in the art with reference to specification word energy It is enough to implement according to this.
A kind of pigsty fermenting bed padding, including the component of following weight portion:
Rice husk 30-50, sawdust 30-50, peanut shell 20-40, bagasse 30-50, hay 10-30, garlic powder 5-10, tea grounds 20-30, wormwood 10-20, silt 20-50.
In described pigsty fermenting bed padding, the fermenting bed padding also includes microbial inoculum one, weight of the weight portion for 5-10 Part is the microbial inoculum three of microbial inoculum two and weight portion for 3-8 of 10-15;Wherein described microbial inoculum one is nitrobacteria, corynebacteria and withered Careless bacillus;The microbial inoculum two is Bacillus acidi lactici, lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus plantarum;The microbial inoculum three be streptococcus fecalis and Brevibacillus brevis.The addition of bacterial classification substantially increases the degraded of organic matter, eliminates stink;Contain in the fermenting bed padding of the present invention There is high vigor beneficial microbe, the metabolin that live pig produces beneficial microbe and microorganism when turning over arch and licking bedding and padding is such as Mycoprotein, enzyme, antibiotic etc. are eaten, and so as to improve intestine microenvironment, maintain the ecological balance of gut flora, stimulate Enteron aisle local immunity is reacted, and the antibody horizontal weighing apparatus for making body is improved, and is effectively improved organism metabolism, is conducive to carrying for feed conversion rate Height, reduces aquaculture cost.
In described pigsty fermenting bed padding, nitrobacteria, corynebacteria and bacillus subtilis are pressed in the microbial inoculum one It is 1 according to weight ratio:1:1 prepares;Bacillus acidi lactici, lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus plantarum are 1 according to weight ratio in the microbial inoculum two: 2:3 prepare;Streptococcus fecalis and Brevibacillus brevis are 1 according to weight ratio in the microbial inoculum three:3 prepare.Reasonable disposition is beneficial micro- Biological bacterium colony distribution, Each performs its own functions to make each bacterial classification, improves digestion power of the fermentation bed to Pig dung and urine, and fermentation can be effectively ensured The service life of bed.
In described pigsty fermenting bed padding, the fermenting bed padding is divided into three layers:Ground floor is the bottom, by silt, Bagasse and microbial inoculum one are constituted, and the second layer is intermediate layer, are made up of hay, garlic powder, wormwood, peanut shell and microbial inoculum two, the 3rd Layer is the superiors, is made up of rice husk, sawdust, tea grounds.With different levels laying bedding and padding, easy cleaning provides for simple replacement of upper strata bedding and padding i.e. Cultivation can be continued;Bagasse in ground floor contains abundant fiber content, and permeability is good, with good soaking effect, Mix laying and the bottom, the moisture of effective control bottom bedding and padding with silt, pigsty fermentation bed bottom will not be made excessively It is moist and grow harmful bacteria;The bedding and padding in intermediate layer arrange the characteristic that arch food is liked according to pig, by the higher bedding and padding laying of nutrient content In intermediate layer, wherein the garlic powder being mixed with effectively mosquito expelling can be bitten, the infection of germ is reduced, while contain in garlic Diallytrisin has significant curative effect to the disease that shigella dysenteriae, typhoid bacillus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa etc. cause, and promotes chitling road Food digestion, improve pig anti pathologic immunity ability;The superiors' laying rice husk, sawdust and tea grounds, with good gas permeability, inhale Substantially, sawdust will not be bonded together water effect after moistening.
A kind of preparation method of pigsty fermenting bed padding, comprises the following steps:
Step one, take tea grounds and be exposed to the sun 1-3d, be 5-10% to water content, cool down 1-2d, crush, cross 100-200 mesh sieves, obtain To tea grounds powder;
In step 2, the bedding and padding of ground floor, bagasse adds microbial inoculum one to ferment 5-10 days, controls fermentation temperature for 50-60 DEG C, then the bagasse after fermentation is mixed with silt, obtain ground floor bedding and padding;In the bedding and padding of the second layer, by hay and peanut Shell mixing adds sealing and fermenting 5-10 days of microbial inoculum two, controls fermentation temperature for 60-70 DEG C, then mixes with garlic powder, wormwood, obtains To second layer bedding and padding;
In step 3, the bedding and padding of third layer, tea grounds powder is mixed with rice husk, sawdust, add the fermentation 10-15d of microbial inoculum three, temperature Spend for 60-80 DEG C, obtain third layer bedding and padding;By strain fermentation, the fermentability of bacterial classification is improved, and raising fermentation bed helps digestion The ability of Pig dung and urine and the deodorization ability of raising fermentation bed.
In the preparation method of described pigsty fermenting bed padding, the height of the fermenting bed padding is 20-50cm.According to life The physiological property of pig, the appropriate height for adjusting fermenting bed padding while not affecting live pig to live, improves the environment of pigsty Hygienic quality, for pig a comfortable living environment is provided.
First, the comparison of test results that pigsty fermentation bed process of the present invention is raised with common method for culturing pigs:
As can be seen from the table the cultivating live pig in the pigsty fermentation bed of the present invention, substantially increases the growth of live pig soon, Compared with common method for culturing pigs, in identical feeding time, the live pig growth rate using the fermentation bed cultivation of the present invention is remote Much larger than the method for common cultivation, and daily daily ration cost, also below common cultural method, the feed intake of live pig is big, significantly Improve the economic benefit of raiser.
Although embodiment of the present invention is disclosed as above, it is not restricted to listed in specification and embodiment With, it can be applied to completely various suitable the field of the invention, for those skilled in the art, can be easily Other modification is realized, therefore under the universal limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, the present invention is not limited In specific details.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of pigsty fermenting bed padding, it is characterised in that including the component of following weight portion:
Rice husk 30-50, sawdust 30-50, peanut shell 20-40, bagasse 30-50, hay 10-30, garlic powder 5-10, tea grounds 20- 30th, wormwood 10-20, silt 20-50;Wherein described fermenting bed padding also includes that weight portion is for the microbial inoculum one, weight portion of 5-10 The microbial inoculum two of 10-15 and the microbial inoculum three that weight portion is 3-8;Wherein described microbial inoculum one is nitrobacteria, corynebacteria and withered grass bud Spore bacillus;The microbial inoculum two is Bacillus acidi lactici, lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus plantarum;The microbial inoculum three is streptococcus fecalis and short Bacillus;The fermenting bed padding is divided into three layers:Ground floor is the bottom, is made up of silt, bagasse and microbial inoculum one, second Layer be intermediate layer, be made up of hay, garlic powder, wormwood, peanut shell and microbial inoculum two, third layer is the superiors, by rice husk, sawdust, Tea grounds and microbial inoculum three are constituted.
2. pigsty fermenting bed padding as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that nitrobacteria, rod-like stem in the microbial inoculum one Bacterium and bacillus subtilis are 1 according to weight ratio:1:1 prepares;Bacillus acidi lactici, lactobacillus acidophilus and plant breast in the microbial inoculum two Bacillus is 1 according to weight ratio:2:3 prepare;Streptococcus fecalis and Brevibacillus brevis are 1 according to weight ratio in the microbial inoculum three:3 match somebody with somebody System.
3. a kind of preparation method of pigsty fermenting bed padding as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step one, take tea grounds and be exposed to the sun 1-3d, be 5-10% to water content, cool down 1-2d, crush, cross 100-200 mesh sieves, obtain tea Ground-slag;
In step 2, the bedding and padding of ground floor, bagasse adds microbial inoculum one to ferment 5-10 days, controls fermentation temperature for 50-60 DEG C, so The bagasse after fermentation is mixed with silt afterwards, obtains ground floor bedding and padding;In the bedding and padding of the second layer, hay and peanut shell are mixed Sealing and fermenting 5-10 days of microbial inoculum two is added, fermentation temperature is controlled for 60-70 DEG C, is then mixed with garlic powder, wormwood;Obtain second Layer bedding and padding;
In step 3, the bedding and padding of third layer, tea grounds powder is mixed with rice husk, sawdust, the addition fermentation 10-15d of microbial inoculum three, temperature is 60-80 DEG C, obtain third layer bedding and padding.
4. the preparation method of pigsty fermenting bed padding as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the fermenting bed padding Highly it is 20-50cm.
CN201410613001.3A 2014-11-03 2014-11-03 Pigpen fermentation bed packing and preparation method thereof Active CN104396779B (en)

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CN105146209A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-16 胡小勇 Amaranthus hypochondriacus compound forage wrapping bag as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN105230526A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-01-13 江苏沿海地区农业科学研究所 Cage layer mechanical biological treatment manure integrated device and method
CN105907667A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-08-31 广西智宝科技有限公司 Enhanced fermentation bed composite strain
CN106165650A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-11-30 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 A kind of can the pig fermenting bed padding of life-time service
CN106106200A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-11-16 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 A kind of healthy green pig fermenting bed padding
CN106417165A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-02-22 李进峰 Management method of piggery for pregnant sow
CN106386682A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-02-15 李进峰 A fermentation bed culture management method for finishing pigs
CN106688905A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-05-24 合肥隆扬农业科技有限公司 Pigsty litter for black pigs
CN107087548A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-08-25 合肥慧谷农业科技有限公司 A kind of anti-influenza Pigpen fermentation bed padding additive
CN107410046A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-12-01 和县正林苗木专业合作社 A kind of sheep raising fermenting bed padding and preparation method
CN107047332A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-08-18 和县正林苗木专业合作社 A kind of pig fermenting bed padding and preparation method containing mineral matter
CN107466877A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-12-15 南京原谷生物技术有限公司 A kind of ox bed biological pad and its application method
CN107810862A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-03-20 安徽省领航动物保健品有限责任公司 A kind of preparation method of pigsty mycotoxin removing fermenting bed padding
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