CN104387178A - Preparation method of moisturizing and fertilizer holding nutrient soil for flowers - Google Patents

Preparation method of moisturizing and fertilizer holding nutrient soil for flowers Download PDF

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CN104387178A
CN104387178A CN 201410635757 CN201410635757A CN104387178A CN 104387178 A CN104387178 A CN 104387178A CN 201410635757 CN201410635757 CN 201410635757 CN 201410635757 A CN201410635757 A CN 201410635757A CN 104387178 A CN104387178 A CN 104387178A
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parts
fertilizer
flowers
fermentation
moisturizing
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CN 201410635757
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陶建平
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苏州市新巷农艺科技园
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by the composting step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F7/00Fertilisers from waste water, sewage sludge, sea slime, ooze or similar masses
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with materials not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with materials not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/04Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with materials not having a specially fertilising activity with soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse
    • Y02W30/43Aerobic fermentation, e.g. composting

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of moisturizing and fertilizer holding nutrient soil for flowers. The moisturizing and fertilizer holding nutrient soil for flowers is prepared from main raw materials, rare earth elements and auxiliary materials, wherein the main raw materials include lignocellulosic substances fermented by using straw, wood flour and fallen leaves; the rare earth elements are provided by medical stone powder; and the auxiliary materials include river mud, attapulgite clay, three-element compound fertilizer, perlite powder and fermented wood flour. The nutrient soil for flowers comprises the following components in parts by weight: 20-40 parts of the fermented lignocellulosic substances, 20-30 parts of the liver mud, 15-30 parts of the attapulgite clay, 10-15 parts of the medical stone powder, 10-30 parts of the three-element compound fertilizer, 10-20 parts of the fermented wood flour and 1-10 parts of the perlite powder. The moisturizing and fertilizer holding nutrient soil for flowers, prepared by using the preparation method disclosed by the invention, is stable in physical and chemical properties, excellent in fertility and water holding property and capable of effectively providing nutrients required by the flowers for a long term.

Description

一种保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法 Method for preparing fertilizer moisturizing flower nutrition soil

技术领域 FIELD

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[0001] 本发明属于花卉营养土领域,特别涉及一种保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of nutrition soil flowers, particularly relates to a method for preparing moisturizing flowers nutrition soil fertilizer. 背景技术: Background technique:

[0002] 木质纤维素物质的储量丰富,而且是可再生能源,木质纤维素物质中的秸杆、木屑和落叶等物质,常被用作废弃物使用。 [0002] The lignocellulosic material rich reserves, and are renewable lignocellulosic material is straw, wood chips, and leaves and other substances, are often used as waste. 废弃物处理时,若进行燃烧会加重大气中的雾霾,若直接田间腐化则需较长时间,也容易使土壤纤维化,降低使用效率,因此将木质纤维素物质的废弃物用于营养土的制备既经济又环保。 When waste disposal, if combustion will increase haze in the atmosphere, if the direct field decay take a bit longer, it is easy to make the soil fibrosis, decreased efficiency, and therefore the waste lignocellulosic material for nutritional soil preparation of economical and environmentally friendly.

[0003] 花卉营养土所需的材料主要有:腐叶土、山泥、园土、厩肥土、草木灰、黄沙、木屑和骨粉。 [0003] flower nutrition soil materials required are: leaf mold, landslides, garden soil, manure soil, ash, sand, wood chips and bone meal. 腐叶土是树木落叶、残草等于土壤混合后,加少量水,堆积发酵晒干后得到,其质地疏松肥沃,含有大量的腐殖质;山泥是天然的腐殖质,呈弱酸性;园土是农田的熟土;厩肥土是将动物的排泄物与褥草和泥土混合后,经堆积发酵晒干过滤得到的;草木灰是稻草或稻壳燃烧后遗留下的灰分,富含钾元素,且能改良土壤的排水性;黄沙常取于河滩和沙地,不含营养元素,但能改善土壤的通透性;木屑经发酵后与土壤混合,可使土壤疏松,持水性能好;骨粉是动物杂骨的粉末,富含磷元素。 Deciduous trees leaf mold, after remaining plant is equal to the soil mix, add a little water, and dried to obtain the accumulation of fermentation, its texture is loose and fertile, rich in humus; landslides are natural humus, slightly acidic; garden soil farmland the mellow soil; soil manure is mixed with exudates soil and animal litter, the accumulation of fermentation obtained was filtered and dried; straw or husk ash is the aftermath of the combustion ash, potassium-rich, and can be modified soil drainage; sand often take on the flood and sand, free of nutrients, but it can improve the permeability of the soil; sawdust mixed with the soil after fermentation, can loose soil, good water holding properties; heteroaryl animal bone meal bone powder, rich in phosphorus.

[0004] 根据不同花卉对营养土的需要,人工调节营养土的配比,科学地配制花卉营养土,所以需要土壤有良好的物理和化学特性,保证疏松透气,保肥保水,酸碱度适中,并含有适量的营养元素,强效持久,安全无菌。 [0004] Depending on the needs of flowers nutrition soil, adjusting the ratio of the artificial nutrition soil, flower scientifically formulated nutritive soil, it is necessary to have good soil physical and chemical characteristics, to ensure the loose, breathable, water retention fertilizer, moderate pH, and It contains the right amount of nutrients, powerful and lasting, safe and sterile.

发明内容 SUMMARY

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[0005] 本发明的目的是提供保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法,利用发酵的木质纤维素物质作为主要基质,结合凹凸棒粘土、麦饭石粉末、珍珠岩粉末等丰富营养土的元素,经发酵、灭菌后,得到保湿保肥的花卉营养土。 [0005] The object of the present invention to provide a method of preparing fertilizer moisturizing flowers nutrition soil, by fermentation of lignocellulosic material as a main matrix, a binder attapulgite clay, rich in nutrition soil element medical stone powder, pearlite powder by fermentation, after sterilization, get flowers nutrition soil moisture and fertilizer.

[0006] 本发明的目的通过如下技术方案实现: [0006] The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:

[0007] —种保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法,包括以下步骤: [0007] - The method of producing a moisturizing flowers nutrition soil fertilizer, comprising the steps of:

[0008] (I)将秸杆、木屑和落叶的废弃物,烘干粉碎后,混合搅拌,加入动物排泄物和微生物发酵助剂,控水并密封防水,30-40°C发酵10-20天,每隔3-5天翻倒一次,得到发酵木质纤维素物质; [0008] (I) will be straw, wood chips and waste leaves, dried and pulverized, mixing, fermentation and animal waste is added auxiliaries, water control and water resistant, 30-40 ° C Fermentation 10-20 days, once every 3-5 days tip, to obtain fermented lignocellulosic material;

[0009] (2)将麦饭石洗涤干净,进行粉碎筛选,干燥,得到粒径为0.5-1.0mm粒径的麦饭石粉末; [0009] (2) The medical stone washed clean pulverized screened, and dried, to give a particle size of 0.5-1.0mm particle diameter of medical stone powder;

[0010] (3)将步骤(I)得到的发酵木质纤维素物质与河泥、凹土棒粘土、步骤(2)得到的麦饭石粉末、三元复合肥进行混合,搅拌均匀,再加入发酵后的木屑和珍珠岩粉末,充分混合后,经烘干、筛选和消毒后得到保湿保肥的花卉营养土。 (2) The obtained [0010] (3) the step (I) obtained in the fermentation of lignocellulosic material and river mud, attapulgite clay rods, step medical stone powder, NPK mixed uniformly stirred, then add after fermentation perlite and wood powder, mixed well, after drying, obtained after screening and disinfection flowers nutrition soil moisture and nutrients.

[0011] 作为上述技术方案的优选,步骤(I)所述的粉碎的废弃物颗粒的直径为l-2mm。 [0011] As the above-described preferred aspect, the step (I) the diameter of the comminuted waste particles is l-2mm.

[0012] 作为上述技术方案的优选,步骤(I)所述的微生物发酵助剂为乳酸菌或者酵母菌。 [0012] As a preferred embodiment of the above-described techniques, microbial fermentation aid according to step (I) is a lactic acid bacteria or yeast.

[0013] 作为上述技术方案的优选,步骤(I)所述的发酵木质纤维素物质中的成分,按重量份计,秸杆20-30份,木屑10-20份,落叶20-30份,动物排泄物5_15份,生物发酵助剂5-10 份。 [0013] As the above-described preferred aspect, the step of fermentation of the lignocellulosic material composition (I) according to the, in parts by weight, 20-30 parts of straw, wood chips 10-20 parts, 20-30 parts of leaves, 5_15 animal waste parts, 5-10 parts by fermentation aids.

[0014] 作为上述技术方案的优选,步骤(I)所述的发酵木质纤维素物质的含水率为10-45%。 [0014] As the above-described preferred aspect, the step of fermenting the aqueous lignocellulosic material (I) the rate of 10-45%.

[0015] 作为上述技术方案的优选,步骤(3)所述的三元复合肥为氮、磷、钾的复合肥。 [0015] As the above-described preferred aspect, the step (3) NPK nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer.

[0016] 作为上述技术方案的优选,步骤(3)所述的珍珠岩粉末的粒径为1.0-1.5mm。 [0016] As the above-described preferred aspect, the step (3) particle size of the perlite powder is 1.0-1.5mm.

[0017] 作为上述技术方案的优选,步骤(3)所述的花卉营养土中的成分,按重量份计,发酵木质纤维素物质20-40份,河泥20-30份,凹凸棒粘土15-30份,麦饭石粉末10-15份,三元复合肥10-30份,发酵的木屑10-20份,珍珠岩粉末1-10份。 [0017] As the above-described preferred aspect, the step (3) of the flower nutrition soil ingredients, in parts by weight, 20-40 parts by fermentation of lignocellulosic material, 20-30 parts of river mud, attapulgite clay 15 -30 parts, stone powder 10-15 parts, 10-30 parts NPK, 10-20 parts by fermentation sawdust, perlite, 1 to 10 parts powder.

[0018] 本发明的有益效果在于:将秸杆、木屑、落叶等木质纤维素物质发酵后应用于营养土中,既减轻环境的压力,生态环保,而且能降低营养土的成本,提高经济效益。 [0018] Advantageous effects of the present invention is that: after the applied nutrition soil straw, sawdust, leaves and other lignocellulosic materials fermentation, both to reduce environmental stress, environmental protection, and can reduce the cost of nutrition soil, improving economic efficiency . 麦饭石中的稀土元素可以提高花卉的光合作用,促进根系的生长和对养分的吸收,促进花卉开花的质量,还能提高花卉的免疫力,增强其抗虫病、抗寒抗旱的能力。 Medical stone of rare earth elements can improve photosynthesis flowers, and promote the growth of roots and absorption of nutrients, and promote the quality of the flowers blooming, the flowers can improve immunity, enhance its insect-resistant disease, resistance to cold and drought.

[0019] 营养土中含有木质纤维素、氮磷钾元素、稀土元素,因此营养丰富,土壤肥沃,还利用河泥、凹凸棒粘土、木屑和珍珠岩改善营养土的物理性质,提高土壤的保湿能力,得到保湿保肥的花卉营养土。 [0019] lignocellulose-containing nutrient soil, NPK elements, rare earth elements, so nutrient-rich, fertile soil, but also use of river mud, attapulgite clay, sawdust and perlite improve the physical properties of nutritive soil, the soil moisture to improve the ability to give flowers nutrition soil moisture and fertilizer.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

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[0020] 为了加深对本发明的理解,下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步详述,该实施例仅用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明保护范围的限定。 [0020] For better understanding of the present invention, the following in connection with embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail, this embodiment is merely for explaining the present invention, not to limit the scope of the present invention.

[0021] 实施例1: [0021] Example 1:

[0022] 按重量份计,将20份的秸杆、10份的木屑和20份的落叶的废弃物,烘干,粉碎至颗粒的直径为1mm,搅拌均匀,加入5份的动物排泄物和5份的乳酸菌微生物发酵助剂,控水并密封防水,30°C发酵20天,每隔3天翻倒一次,得到含水率为10%的发酵木质纤维素物质。 [0022] parts by weight, the straw 20 parts, 10 parts and 20 parts of sawdust waste leaves, dried, pulverized to a particle diameter of 1mm, uniformly stirring, 5 parts of animal excrement and 5 parts of lactic acid fermentation aid, and the waterproof seal water control, 30 ° C 20 days fermentation, overturned once every 3 days to give a water content of 10% fermented lignocellulosic material. 将麦饭石洗涤干净,进行粉碎筛选,干燥,得到粒径为0.5_粒径的麦饭石粉末。 The medical stone washed clean pulverized screened, and dried, to give a particle size of 0.5_ medical stone powder particle size.

[0023] 按重量份计,将20份发酵木质纤维素物质与20份的河泥、15份的凹土棒粘土、10份的麦饭石粉末、10份的氮磷钾三元复合肥进行混合,搅拌均匀,再加入10份的发酵后的木屑和I份的珍珠岩粉末,充分混合后,经烘干、筛选和消毒后得到保湿保肥的花卉营养土。 [0023] parts by weight, 20 parts of fermented lignocellulosic material and 20 parts of river mud, 15 parts of attapulgite clay sticks, 10 parts of medical stone powder, 10 parts of a NPK compound fertilizer for mixed and kneaded, then fermented after addition of 10 parts of sawdust and I parts of perlite powder, mixed well, after drying, screening and sterilization to give flowers nutrition soil moisture and nutrients.

[0024] 经测定,发现保湿保肥的花卉营养土的PH值为6.8,容重为12g/cm3,含氮量为0.18%,含钾量为0.15%,含磷量为0.18%,蛔虫卵死亡率为97%。 [0024] The determination of moisture found PH flowers nutrition soil fertilizer value of 6.8, density of 12g / cm3, a nitrogen content of 0.18%, potassium content of 0.15%, a phosphorus content of 0.18%, Ascaris death It was 97%.

[0025] 实施例2: [0025] Example 2:

[0026] 按重量份计,将30份的秸杆、20份的木屑和30份的落叶的废弃物,烘干,粉碎至颗粒的直径为2mm,搅拌均匀,加入15份的动物排泄物和10份的酵母菌微生物发酵助剂,控水并密封防水,40°C发酵20天,每隔5天翻倒一次,得到含水率为45%的发酵木质纤维素物质。 [0026] parts by weight, the straw 30 parts, 20 parts and 30 parts of wood waste leaves, dried, pulverized to a particle diameter of 2mm, uniformly stirring, and 15 parts of animal excreta 10 parts by yeast fermentation aid, and the waterproof seal water control, 40 ° C 20 days fermentation, overturned once every 5 days, to give a water content of 45% fermented lignocellulosic material. 将麦饭石洗涤干净,进行粉碎筛选,干燥,得到粒径为1.0mm粒径的麦饭石粉末。 The medical stone washed clean pulverized screened, and dried, to give a particle size of 1.0mm diameter of medical stone powder.

[0027] 按重量份计,将40份发酵木质纤维素物质与30份的河泥、30份的凹土棒粘土、15份的麦饭石粉末、30份的氮磷钾三元复合肥进行混合,搅拌均匀,再加入20份的发酵后的木屑和10份的珍珠岩粉末,充分混合后,经烘干、筛选和消毒后得到保湿保肥的花卉营养土。 [0027] parts by weight, 40 parts of the fermented lignocellulosic material and 30 parts of river mud, 30 parts of attapulgite clay rod, 15 parts of medical stone powder, 30 parts of a NPK compound fertilizer for mixed and kneaded, then fermented after addition of sawdust 20 parts of perlite and 10 parts of powder, mixed well, after drying, obtained after screening and disinfection flowers nutrition soil moisture and nutrients.

[0028] 经测定,发现保湿保肥的花卉营养土的PH值为6.2,容重为12.3g/cm3,含氮量为0.25%,含钾量为0.20%,含磷量为0.20%,蛔虫卵死亡率为98%。 [0028] The determination of moisture found flowers nutrition soil fertilizer PH value of 6.2, density of 12.3g / cm3, a nitrogen content of 0.25%, potassium content of 0.20%, a phosphorus content of 0.20%, Ascaris mortality was 98%.

[0029] 实施例3: [0029] Example 3:

[0030] 按重量份计,将25份的秸杆、15份的木屑和25份的落叶的废弃物,烘干,粉碎至颗粒的直径为1.5mm,搅拌均匀,加入10份的动物排泄物和7份的酵母菌微生物发酵助剂,控水并密封防水,35°C发酵15天,每隔4天翻倒一次,得到含水率为20%的发酵木质纤维素物质。 [0030] parts by weight, the straw 25 parts, 15 parts and 25 parts of wood waste leaves, dried, pulverized to a particle diameter of 1.5mm, uniformly stirring, 10 parts of animal excreta and 7 parts of yeast fermentation aid, and the waterproof seal water control, 35 ° C 15 days fermentation, overturned once every 4 days, to give a water content of 20% fermented lignocellulosic material. 将麦饭石洗涤干净,进行粉碎筛选,干燥,得到粒径为0.8_粒径的麦饭石粉末。 The medical stone washed clean pulverized screened, and dried, to give a particle size of 0.8_ medical stone powder particle size.

[0031] 按重量份计,将30份发酵木质纤维素物质与25份的河泥、20份的凹土棒粘土、12份的麦饭石粉末、15份的氮磷钾三元复合肥进行混合,搅拌均匀,再加入15份的发酵后的木屑和3份的珍珠岩粉末,充分混合后,经烘干、筛选和消毒后得到保湿保肥的花卉营养土。 [0031] parts by weight, 30 parts of the fermented lignocellulosic material and 25 parts of river mud, 20 parts of attapulgite clay rod, 12 parts of medical stone powder, 15 parts of a NPK compound fertilizer for mixed and kneaded, then fermented after addition of 15 parts sawdust and 3 parts of perlite powder, mixed well, after drying, obtained after screening and disinfection flowers nutrition soil moisture and nutrients.

[0032] 经测定,发现保湿保肥的花卉营养土的PH值为5.8,容重为13.0g/cm3,含氮量为0.21%,含钾量为0.17%,含磷量为0.15%,蛔虫卵死亡率为98%。 [0032] The determination of moisture found flowers nutrition soil fertilizer PH value of 5.8, density of 13.0g / cm3, a nitrogen content of 0.21%, potassium content of 0.17%, a phosphorus content of 0.15%, Ascaris mortality was 98%.

[0033] 实施例4: [0033] Example 4:

[0034] 按重量份计,将20份的秸杆、20份的木屑和20-30份的落叶的废弃物,烘干,粉碎至颗粒的直径为l_2mm,搅拌均匀,加入5-15份的动物排泄物和5_10份的乳酸菌微生物发酵助剂,控水并密封防水,30-40°C发酵10-20天,每隔3-5天翻倒一次,得到含水率为10-45%的发酵木质纤维素物质。 [0034] parts by weight, the straw 20 parts, 20 parts and 20 to 30 parts of wood waste leaves, dried, pulverized to a particle diameter of l_2mm, stirring homogeneously, adding 5-15 parts and parts of animal waste 5_10 lactic acid fermentation aid, water control and water resistant, 30-40 ° C 10-20 days of fermentation, overturned once every 3-5 days, to give a water content of 10-45% of the fermentation lignocellulosic material. 将麦饭石洗涤干净,进行粉碎筛选,干燥,得到粒径为0.5-1.0mm粒径的麦饭石粉末。 The medical stone washed clean pulverized screened, and dried, to give a particle size of 0.5-1.0mm particle diameter of medical stone powder.

[0035] 按重量份计,将20-40份发酵木质纤维素物质与20-30份的河泥、15_30份的凹土棒粘土、10-15份的麦饭石粉末、10-30份的氮磷钾三元复合肥进行混合,搅拌均匀,再加入10-20份的发酵后的木屑和1-10份的珍珠岩粉末,充分混合后,经烘干、筛选和消毒后得到保湿保肥的花卉营养土。 [0035] parts by weight, 20-40 parts of the fermented lignocellulosic material and 20 to 30 parts of river mud, 15_30 rod parts attapulgite clay, 10-15 parts of medical stone powder, 10-30 parts after NPK fertilizer mix, stir, then add the fermented chips 10 to 20 parts of perlite and 10 parts of a powder, mixed well, after drying, screening and disinfection moisture and nutrients to give flowers nutrition soil.

[0036] 经测定,发现保湿保肥的花卉营养土的PH值为6.8,容重为12g/cm3,含氮量为0.18%,含钾量为0.15%,含磷量为0.18%,蛔虫卵死亡率为97%。 [0036] The determination of moisture found PH flowers nutrition soil fertilizer value of 6.8, density of 12g / cm3, a nitrogen content of 0.18%, potassium content of 0.15%, a phosphorus content of 0.18%, Ascaris death It was 97%.

[0037] 实施例5: [0037] Example 5:

[0038] 按重量份计,将25份的秸杆、10份的木屑和25份的落叶的废弃物,烘干,粉碎至颗粒的直径为1.5mm,搅拌均匀,加入10份的动物排泄物和5份的酵母菌微生物发酵助剂,控水并密封防水,40°C发酵20天,每隔3天翻倒一次,得到含水率为25%的发酵木质纤维素物质。 [0038] parts by weight, the straw 25 parts, 10 parts and 25 parts of sawdust waste leaves, dried, pulverized to a particle diameter of 1.5mm, uniformly stirring, 10 parts of animal excreta and 5 parts of yeast fermentation aid, and the waterproof seal water control, 40 ° C 20 days fermentation, overturned once every 3 days to give a water content of 25% fermented lignocellulosic material. 将麦饭石洗涤干净,进行粉碎筛选,干燥,得到粒径为0.5_粒径的麦饭石粉末。 The medical stone washed clean pulverized screened, and dried, to give a particle size of 0.5_ medical stone powder particle size.

[0039] 按重量份计,将30份发酵木质纤维素物质与30份的河泥、30份的凹土棒粘土、10份的麦饭石粉末、10份的氮磷钾三元复合肥进行混合,搅拌均匀,再加入10份的发酵后的木屑和I份的珍珠岩粉末,充分混合后,经烘干、筛选和消毒后得到保湿保肥的花卉营养土。 [0039] parts by weight, 30 parts of the fermented lignocellulosic material and 30 parts of river mud, 30 parts of attapulgite clay sticks, 10 parts of medical stone powder, 10 parts of a NPK compound fertilizer for mixed and kneaded, then fermented after addition of 10 parts of sawdust and I parts of perlite powder, mixed well, after drying, screening and sterilization to give flowers nutrition soil moisture and nutrients.

[0040] 经测定,发现保湿保肥的花卉营养土的PH值为6.2,容重为12.5g/cm3,含氮量为0.25%,含钾量为0.20%,含磷量为0.21%,蛔虫卵死亡率为98%。 [0040] The determination of moisture found flowers nutrition soil fertilizer PH value of 6.2, density of 12.5g / cm3, a nitrogen content of 0.25%, potassium content of 0.20%, a phosphorus content of 0.21%, Ascaris mortality was 98%.

Claims (8)

  1. 1.一种保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法,其特征在于,该方法包括以下步骤: (1)将秸杆、木屑和落叶的废弃物,烘干粉碎后,混合搅拌,加入动物排泄物和微生物发酵助剂,控水并密封防水,30-40°C发酵10-20天,每隔3-5天翻倒一次,得到发酵木质纤维素物质; (2)将麦饭石洗涤干净,进行粉碎筛选,干燥,得到粒径为0.5-1.0mm粒径的麦饭石粉末; (3)将步骤(I)得到的发酵木质纤维素物质与河泥、凹土棒粘土、步骤(2)得到的麦饭石粉末、三元复合肥进行混合,搅拌均匀,再加入发酵后的木屑和珍珠岩粉末,充分混合后,经烘干、筛选和消毒后得到保湿保肥的花卉营养土。 Preparation 1. A flower nutrition soil moisture and nutrients, characterized in that, the method comprising the steps of: (1) the straw, wood chips, and leaves the waste, grinding and drying, mixing, adding animal excretion and microbial fermentation additives, seal water control and water, 30-40 ° C 10-20 days of fermentation, overturned once every 3-5 days to give fermented lignocellulosic material; (2) a clean medical stone washed , pulverized screened, and dried, to give a particle size of 0.5-1.0mm particle diameter of medical stone powder; obtained in (3) the step (I) fermentation of the lignocellulosic material with river mud, attapulgite clay rod, the step (2 ) obtained medical stone powder, NPK mixed uniformly stirred, and then added to the fermentation after the wood chips and perlite powder, mixed well, after drying, obtained after screening and disinfection flowers nutrition soil moisture and nutrients.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的一种保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法,其特征在于,步骤(I)所述的粉碎的废弃物颗粒的直径为l_2mm。 2. The one is a method for preparing the moisturizing flowers nutrition soil fertilizer claims, wherein step (I) the diameter of the comminuted waste particles l_2mm.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的一种保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法,其特征在于,步骤(I)所述的微生物发酵助剂为乳酸菌或者酵母菌。 One kind of a method for preparing the moisturizing flowers nutrition soil and fertilizer as claimed in claim, wherein said auxiliary microbial fermentation step (I) is a lactic acid bacteria or yeast.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的一种保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法,其特征在于,步骤(I)所述的发酵木质纤维素物质中的成分,按重量份计,秸杆20-30份,木屑10-20份,落叶20-30份,动物排泄物5-15份,生物发酵助剂5-10份。 4. The one moisturizing the preparation of a flower nutrition soil fertilizer claims, characterized in that the fermentation of lignocellulosic material according to step (I) is a component, in parts by weight, the straw 20 -30 parts, wood parts 10-20, 20-30 parts of leaves, animal waste parts 5-15, 5-10 parts by fermentation aids.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的一种保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法,其特征在于,步骤(I)所述的发酵木质纤维素物质的含水率为10-45%。 5. The one method for the preparation of moisturizing the flower nutrition soil fertilizer claims, characterized in that the fermentation of the lignocellulosic material in step (I) a water content of 10-45%.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的一种保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法,其特征在于,步骤(3)所述的三元复合肥为氮、磷、钾的复合肥。 6. The one moisturizing the preparation of a flower nutrition soil fertilizer claims, wherein step (3) of the ternary fertilizer nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的一种保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法,其特征在于,步骤(3)所述的珍珠岩粉末的粒径为1.0-1.5mm。 7. A method for preparing An flower nutrition soil moisture of the fertilizer to claim 1, characterized in that, in step (3) particle size of the perlite powder is 1.0-1.5mm.
  8. 8.如权利要求1所述的一种保湿保肥的花卉营养土的制备方法,其特征在于,步骤(3)所述的花卉营养土中的成分,按重量份计,发酵木质纤维素物质20-40份,河泥20-30份,凹凸棒粘土15-30份,麦饭石粉末10-15份,三元复合肥10-30份,发酵的木屑10-20份,珍珠岩粉末1-10份。 8. The one moisturizing the preparation of a flower nutrition soil fertilizer claims, wherein step (3) component in the flower nutrition soil, in parts by weight, fermenting lignocellulosic material 20-40 parts, 20-30 parts of river mud, 15-30 parts of attapulgite clay, stone powder 10-15 parts, 10-30 parts NPK, 10-20 parts by fermentation sawdust, perlite powder 1 10 parts.
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CN105037002A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for Chinese rose flowers and preparation method thereof
CN105037003A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for rose flowers and preparation method of culture soil
CN105037008A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Compost for saxifraga paniculata and preparation method thereof
CN105036999A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for morning glories and preparation method of culture soil
CN105037004A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for Chinese herbaceous peony and preparation method of culture soil
CN105037007A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil of prunus mume flowers and preparation method thereof
CN105130643A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-09 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Commelina diffusa culture soil and preparation method
CN105175121A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-23 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Sambucus chinensis culture soil and preparation method thereof
CN105218229A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-06 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Lily flower culture soil and preparation method thereof
CN105218228A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-06 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for gardenia and preparation method thereof
CN105237151A (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-13 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for rosemary flowers and preparation method thereof
CN106518400A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-03-22 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 Method for preparing flower substrate from agricultural wastes

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105037002A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for Chinese rose flowers and preparation method thereof
CN105037003A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for rose flowers and preparation method of culture soil
CN105036999A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for morning glories and preparation method of culture soil
CN105037008A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Compost for saxifraga paniculata and preparation method thereof
CN105037004A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for Chinese herbaceous peony and preparation method of culture soil
CN105037007A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil of prunus mume flowers and preparation method thereof
CN105130643A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-09 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Commelina diffusa culture soil and preparation method
CN105175121A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-23 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Sambucus chinensis culture soil and preparation method thereof
CN105218229A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-06 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Lily flower culture soil and preparation method thereof
CN105218228A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-06 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for gardenia and preparation method thereof
CN105237151A (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-13 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for rosemary flowers and preparation method thereof
CN106518400A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-03-22 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 Method for preparing flower substrate from agricultural wastes

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