CN104160862A - Cuttage and field planting integrated fir cultivation method - Google Patents

Cuttage and field planting integrated fir cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104160862A
CN104160862A CN201410388337.4A CN201410388337A CN104160862A CN 104160862 A CN104160862 A CN 104160862A CN 201410388337 A CN201410388337 A CN 201410388337A CN 104160862 A CN104160862 A CN 104160862A
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field planting
cuttings
tree
planting
winter
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CN201410388337.4A
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陈绪林
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Abstract

The invention provides a cuttage and field planting integrated fir cultivation method. The method includes the steps of selection of field planting holes, collection of cutting shoots, field planting and management after field planting. In the step of selection of the field planting holes, the field planting holes are dug in September according to large holes which are 50 * 50 cm, and soil is completely basked and weathered and then backfilled in the middle of October. In the step of collection of the cutting shoots, the cutting shoots are collected 5 days before and after the beginning of winter; damage-free branches with strong produced apical buds and the annular leaf whorls are clipped and serve as the cutting shoots. In the step of field planting, cottage is conducted on the collection day, the length of the cutting shoots ranges from 25 cm to 35 cm, and the implantation depth is 3/5 to 2/3 of the length of the branches. In the step of management after field planting, watering is conducted when soil is dry in winter, and then conventional management is conducted. According to the method, due to the fact that the cutting shoots are directly fixedly planted in the field planting holes without seedling technique seedling culture, after storage for the whole winter, the cutting shoots form callus tissue on clipping openings, when temperature rises in spring, new roots quickly grow on the callus tissue, and growth of the cutting shoot seedlings is facilitated. Through multiple years of tests, the survival rate is 100%.

Description

The integrated Chinese fir cultivation method of a kind of cuttage field planting
Technical field
The present invention relates to the method for the cultivation of a kind of Chinese fir, particularly relate to the cuttage breeding method of Chinese fir.
Background technology
China fir is the good fast-growing commerical tree species of south China.China fir adopts cuttage and seedling culture, can keep elite stand good characteristic.The rudiment bar cuttage and seedling culture of selecting good China fir, its offspring's timber can significantly increase production, thereby increases economic efficiency.
The cuttage and seedling culture step of prior art is:
One, slotting machine prepares to comprise selection, fertilising, the control of damage by disease and insect etc. of seedling;
Two, cuttings is captured in and gathers cuttings 3-April and carry out cuttage;
Three, to be cut into 8-10 centimetres be the cuttings of a section to cuttage operation handlebar fringe bar, in cuttings, should wipe out if any side shoot, and base portion is whittled into monocline face;
Four, insert control and the rich water quality management etc. of rear management attention waterproof moisturizing and damage by disease and insect; In 60 days, cuttings can be taken root, and after this can manage by tree seedling management method.
The method need to repeatedly be transplanted, and the artificial amount of consumption is large, management cost is high.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of simple, Chinese fir seedling-cultivating method that survival rate is high.
The integrated Chinese fir cultivation method of a kind of cuttage field planting, comprises step:
The selection of a planting pit: select soil layer deep, quality is loose, and planting site is made in moistening tailo or half middle and lower part, Yangcheng, and planting pit digs in September by the large cave of wide each 50 × 50 centimetres, allows soil fully shine after white weathering in backfill mid-October;
The collection of b cuttings: gather cuttings for 5 days before and after the Beginning of Winter; Select that the height of tree is average taller and bigger more than 25% than tree of the same age, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground is made scion-seed tree than average thick more than 30% select tree of tree of the same age, annual, the undamaged branch that terminal bud is sturdy, blade is verticillate of its germinating of clip is as cuttings; Cuttings is bundled into wisp, and base portion bag is with the toilet paper moisturizing of wetting; Accomplish to adopt the same day fringe cuttage on the same day complete, the same day, exhaustless cuttings should immerse in flowing water fresh-keeping by its base portion;
C field planting: gather and carried out field planting the same day, the length of cuttings is 25-35cm, the 3/5-2/3 that implantation depth is branch length;
After d field planting, manage: notice that arid waters winter, enter Routine Management later.
Further, planting pit is arranged as fish scale pit.
The present invention is not owing to growing seedlings through seedling art, and direct cuttings field planting, in planting pit, through the storage in a winter, cuttings has formed callus at clip, and to temperature rising in the Spring Festival, callus has just grown rapidly new root, is conducive to the growth of cuttings seedling.The present invention is through test for many years, and survival rate is 100%.
Directly field planting is that peasant household has saved a large amount of man power and materials, reduces widely and sends out production cost.
Embodiment
Below concrete mode of the present invention is further described:
One, the selection of planting pit: select soil layer deep, quality is loose, and planting site is made in moistening tailo or half middle and lower part, Yangcheng.Planting pit digs in September by the large cave of wide each 50 × 50 centimetres, allows soil fully shine after white weathering in backfill mid-October; Before whole ground, to remove shrub and weeds.Following domatic of 20 degree, can adopt entirely to cultivate and dig whole ground, cave, and the 20 above hillside fields of degree can be withs to cultivate and be dug cave or bulk is dug cave wholely.Require dark 50 centimetres of cave, cave is wide 70 centimetres, and cave is apart from 1.7 × 2.0 meters.Want backfill table soil in small, broken bits, and 20 centimetres above ground level.Early spring, lifting was planted, and every cave plants 1 strain, accomplish that shoot root unfolds, and seedling body is rectified, and suitably dark cultivation, tracks tramping soil, and the training root and stem of certain plants loosens the soil.Plant as arid weather, should water normal root water.
Two, the collection of cuttings: gather cuttings for 5 days before and after the Beginning of Winter; Select that the height of tree is average taller and bigger more than 25% than tree of the same age, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground is made scion-seed tree than average thick more than 30% select tree of tree of the same age, annual, the undamaged branch that terminal bud is sturdy, blade is verticillate of its germinating of clip is as cuttings; Cuttings is bundled into wisp, and base portion bag is with the toilet paper moisturizing of wetting; Accomplish to adopt the same day fringe cuttage on the same day complete, the same day, exhaustless cuttings should immerse in flowing water fresh-keeping by its base portion;
Three, field planting: gather and carried out cuttage the same day, the length of cuttings is 25-35cm, the 3/5-2/3 that implantation depth is branch length;
Four, tending management: notice that arid waters winter, enter Routine Management later.Plant and will carry out then fostering for 2 times, between 4 ~ June, carry out bulk and weed with a hoe, between 8 ~ September, carry out comprehensive weeding and loosen the soil.Beginning in the 2nd year is carried out fostering for 1 ~ 2 time every year, until treelet closing are grown into forest.After growing into forest, to carry out 2 times tending and intermittent cutting of forest.After planting, between 8 ~ 10 years, carry out intermediate cutting the 1st time, cut down latter every 667 square metres and retain 170 ~ 200 strains; Between 13 ~ 15 years, carry out the 2nd time and cut down, cut down rear reservation 120 ~ 160 strains.When intermediate cutting, to follow " go littlely to stay greatly, rogue that it is excellent to stay, go close stay rare " principle.About 20 years, can carry out felling and upgrading comprehensively.Renewal can adopt rudiment to add the mode of planting seedling, can realize low input high production.

Claims (2)

1. the integrated Chinese fir cultivation method of cuttage field planting, comprises step:
The selection of a planting pit: select soil layer deep, quality is loose, and planting site is made in moistening tailo or half middle and lower part, Yangcheng, and planting pit digs in September by the large cave of wide each 50 × 50 centimetres, allows soil fully shine after white weathering in backfill mid-October;
The collection of b cuttings: gather cuttings for 5 days before and after the Beginning of Winter; Select that the height of tree is average taller and bigger more than 25% than tree of the same age, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground is made scion-seed tree than average thick more than 30% select tree of tree of the same age, annual, the undamaged branch that terminal bud is sturdy, blade is verticillate of its germinating of clip is as cuttings; Cuttings is bundled into wisp, and base portion bag is with the toilet paper moisturizing of wetting; Will accomplish to adopt the same day fringe cuttage on the same day complete, the same day, exhaustless cuttings should immerse in flowing water fresh-keeping by its base portion as far as possible;
C field planting: gather and carried out field planting the same day, the length of cuttings is 25-35cm, the 3/5-2/3 that implantation depth is branch length;
After d field planting, manage: notice that arid waters winter, enter Routine Management later.
2. cultivation method as claimed in claim 1, described planting pit is arranged as fish scale pit.
CN201410388337.4A 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 Cuttage and field planting integrated fir cultivation method Pending CN104160862A (en)

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CN201410388337.4A CN104160862A (en) 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 Cuttage and field planting integrated fir cultivation method

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521490A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-22 陈蓝天 Low-cost cedar planting method
CN104686272A (en) * 2015-02-27 2015-06-10 宁波市农业科学研究院 Stock hardwood cutting propagation method for Chinese cherry
CN106688356A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-24 国家海洋局第二海洋研究所 Method for ecological remediation of sea island bare land
CN107873354A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-04-06 广西壮族自治区金秀瑶族自治县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of method of forestation of high yield fast-growing Chinese fir

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CN1486587A (en) * 2003-08-08 2004-04-07 苏州大学 One-step mulberry cutting and planting process
CN103733948A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-04-23 张家港市塘桥果艺园 Grape single-bud seedling cultivation and straight-cutting garden building method

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CN1486587A (en) * 2003-08-08 2004-04-07 苏州大学 One-step mulberry cutting and planting process
CN103733948A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-04-23 张家港市塘桥果艺园 Grape single-bud seedling cultivation and straight-cutting garden building method

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521490A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-22 陈蓝天 Low-cost cedar planting method
CN104686272A (en) * 2015-02-27 2015-06-10 宁波市农业科学研究院 Stock hardwood cutting propagation method for Chinese cherry
CN104686272B (en) * 2015-02-27 2017-05-24 宁波市农业科学研究院 Stock hardwood cutting propagation method for Chinese cherry
CN106688356A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-24 国家海洋局第二海洋研究所 Method for ecological remediation of sea island bare land
CN106688356B (en) * 2016-11-30 2018-10-19 国家海洋局第二海洋研究所 Island bare area ecological restoring method
CN107873354A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-04-06 广西壮族自治区金秀瑶族自治县科学技术情报研究所 A kind of method of forestation of high yield fast-growing Chinese fir

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Application publication date: 20141126