CN104070910A - Monorail automatic paving equipment for multi-color mosaic particles - Google Patents

Monorail automatic paving equipment for multi-color mosaic particles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104070910A
CN104070910A CN201410318508.6A CN201410318508A CN104070910A CN 104070910 A CN104070910 A CN 104070910A CN 201410318508 A CN201410318508 A CN 201410318508A CN 104070910 A CN104070910 A CN 104070910A
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mosaic
mosaic particle
particle
paving
feeding device
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CN104070910B (en
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范彦斌
刘杰
卢清华
李炳银
李正
王兴波
沈自林
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Foshan University
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Foshan University
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Abstract

The invention provides monorail automatic paving equipment for a multi-color mosaic particle. The equipment is used for implementing orderly paving according to preset patterns and comprises a frame, a mosaic molding bed arranged on the frame, feeding devices which are the same as mosaic particles in quantities of colors and types, a conveying device for conveying the mosaic particles output particle by particle from the feeding devices, a loading device for transporting the mosaic particles from the feeding devices to the mosaic molding bed, and a controller which is respectively connected with the feeding devices, the conveying device and the loading device in a signaling manner. The automatic paving equipment disclosed by the invention is high in paving stability and high in paving speed and can be used for effectively improving the paving efficiency and the paving accuracy of the mosaic particles. The automatic paving equipment can be used for realizing the functions of automatic sequencing, automatic feeding, automatic conveying and automatic loading of the mosaic particles as well as automatic composition according to the preset patterns and the like so as to replace a conventional manual paving process, and the problems of low automation degree and low production efficiency of the existing mosaic industry can be solved.

Description

A kind of automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail
Technical field
The present invention relates to the automatic paving technical field of mosaic.
Background technology
Mosaic is modern architecture and the conventional a kind of ornament materials of interior decoration, is mainly used in the incrustation of building external and internal wall.Durability is high, price is low owing to having for mosaic, good decorating effect and the advantage such as pattern is customizable, enjoys in recent years market to pursue.
The manufacturing flow process of existing mosaic particle is generally divided into three phases: the making of mosaic particle, the paving of mosaic particle and mosaic particle gluing and oven dry.Concrete three phases is to implement like this:
(1) the massive plate glass of being tinted in bottom carries out vertical and horizontal cutting according to the dimensional requirement of mosaic sheet of particles, forming every thickness is 4~6 millimeters, and specification is the mosaic particle of 20 millimeters * 20 millimeters, 23 millimeters * 23 millimeters or 30 millimeters * 30 millimeters etc.
(2) according to mosaic paving template, preset the placement position of mosaic particle, by manually required mosaic particle being pressed to paving by turn by grain according to layout.
(3) by what complete, to be full of the template of mosaic particle, to turn over to put and carry out brush coating, then by baking and quality testing, thereby complete the production of a mosaic particle.
Due to the particularity (area is less) of mosaic grain products, therefore the most employing of technique in existing mosaic particle paving stage manually completes.Yet, adopt the stage of manual operation mosaic particle paving to make this processing step complexity, length consuming time and error rate high, thereby directly affect make efficiency and the end product quality of follow-up phase technique.
In recent years, domestic also have the automatic paving equipment of pair mosaic to carry out correlative study.Wherein a kind of laying device of single color mosaic particle is also widely used.Although, this paving machine has improved the paving efficiency of monochromatic mosaic, but the situation that forms geometrical pattern for multicoloured mosaic particle, this paving machine cannot carry out automatic paving, and can not carry out to mosaic particle the function of positive and negative judgement and automatic turning in addition, one-pass finished rate is lower, still needs artificial secondary check and correction, thereby affects the make efficiency of follow-up phase technique.
Therefore, now need provide a kind of automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle of realizing that replaces artificial paving technique, thereby improve the paving efficiency of mosaic particle, and then improve make efficiency and the end product quality of follow-up phase technique.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome shortcoming of the prior art with not enough, provide a kind of paving speed soon and the automatic paving equipment of the much higher color mosaic particle of paving stability monorail, thereby improve efficiency and the accuracy rate of the paving of mosaic particle.The present invention can realize the full-automation of mosaic particle paving technique, thereby replaces traditional artificial paving technique, solves the not high and low problem of production efficiency of current mosaic industry automaticity.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved by following technical proposals: a kind of automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail, for carrying out orderly paving by predetermined pattern; It is characterized in that: comprise frame, be arranged on the mosaic loose tool in frame, the feeding device identical with the quantity of the required mosaic color category of pattern, the pay-off transmitting for the mosaic particle that feeding device is exported by grain, the controller for mosaic particle is installed to the feeding device of mosaic loose tool and is connected with feeding device, pay-off and feeding device signal respectively from pay-off fortune;
Described in each, feeding device is arranged on frame one side and comprises feed mechanism, pushes mechanism; The described outlet that pushes mechanism is stretched in frame and is provided with discharging opening in exit, described in push mechanism and be connected with the outlet of feed mechanism, for the mosaic particle on feed mechanism is pushed to discharging opening by grain respectively; Described feed mechanism, push mechanism and be all connected with controller signals;
Described pay-off is arranged in frame and comprises the delivery device identical with discharging opening quantity and a conveying mechanism, and described delivery device is all connected with controller signals with conveying mechanism, and is separately positioned on the both sides of discharging opening; During work, the mosaic particle that delivery device needs each discharging opening is pushed to conveying mechanism by grain and collects, the conveying mechanism that collection has a mosaic particle delivers into material loading after forming row/column according to predefined sequence, describedly according to predefined sequence, refers to according to the pattern of required formation each lattice in the every row/column of mosaic loose tool are put into the setting that the color of mosaic is carried out;
Described feeding device is connected with frame, comprise the sliding support parts one that are connected with frame and by controller control can upper and lower motion draw frame machine, described draw frame machine and sliding support parts one are slidably connected, for by conveying mechanism sorted whole row/column mosaic particle transport successively and install in mosaic loose tool.
In more existing paving equipment, mostly all mosaic particle fortune is installed in mosaic loose tool and just sorted, make like this material process will repeatedly transport dress or a plurality of feeding devices be set transport dress and just can complete the material loading of a certain row/column of mosaic loose tool, thus cause material loading speed slowly, the problem of the complicated procedures of forming such as paving efficiency is low and accuracy is low.And in automatic paving equipment of the present invention, owing to just can obtain sorted whole row/column mosaic particle by pay-off, therefore, feeding device can be once installs to sorted whole row/column mosaic particle fortune in the row/column that mosaic loose tool is corresponding, complete the material loading of a certain row/column of mosaic loose tool, thereby can effectively improve paving efficiency and the speed of mosaic particle.
Simultaneously, because pay-off is collected by the mosaic particle of the needs of grain output feeding device according to predefined sequence, therefore, the sequence of the whole row/column mosaic particle obtaining by pay-off is consistent with the order of required mosaic particle in the corresponding row/column of mosaic loose tool (being the pattern of required formation), thereby can greatly improve the accuracy rate of mosaic particle paving.The automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention is also applicable to the paving of monochromatic mosaic particle.
Equipment of the present invention just can be realized multicoloured automatic paving by single conveying mechanism and single feeding device, and, feeding device can be fixedly connected with or be slidably connected with frame, due to the corresponding mosaic loose tool of a feeding device, therefore which contrasts with the mode of the corresponding mosaic loose tool of a plurality of feeding devices, the position of mosaic loose tool can in frame, put arbitrarily or with feeding device same level direction on put arbitrarily and do not need to consider how to be placed in the problem of the Central Symmetry position of a plurality of feeding devices, and the position of feeding device has been fixed and has not been needed to consider that a plurality of feeding devices install to the transportation route problem in mosaic loose tool by mosaic particle fortune.Therefore, device structure of the present invention is simple, it is little to take up room, and to the control of single feeding device, single conveying mechanism and feeding device etc., can realize the paving automatically in order of multicoloured mosaic particle by control program.
The described mechanism that pushes comprises the linear feeding mechanism that the mosaic particle transporting out from feed mechanism can be transmitted; Described linear feeding mechanism comprises the rectilinear orbit being connected with feed mechanism outlet, and the friction pulley that is arranged on rectilinear orbit porch, for mosaic particle is pushed to rectilinear orbit; On described rectilinear orbit, be provided with transfer roller.In the junction of feed mechanism and linear feeding mechanism, be provided with and can promote the friction pulley that mosaic particle advances, can effectively solve the problem that the transmission of mosaic particle is connected, this scheme has avoided manual intervention to realize the automation of transmission, in Bing linear feeding mechanism, be provided with the transfer roller that reduces the suffered frictional resistance of mosaic particle, thereby effectively improve transmission speed and the efficiency of transmission of mosaic particle, realize this feeding device and mosaic particle is sequentially arranged by grain and output fast.
Described feed mechanism is to take over a business the vibrating disk being formed by spiral path, on spiral path sidewall, be provided with automatic identification flotation-dividing part, described automatic identification flotation-dividing part comprise for identify mosaic particle just/reverse side color and identification vibrating disk color to be to guarantee the color sensor of mosaic particle normal transmission, and for mosaic particle being blown off to the compressed air blow gun of taking over a business inner bottom surface; Described compressed air blow gun is arranged on color sensor along the place ahead of mosaic particle transmission direction, and compressed air blow gun is all connected with controller signals with color sensor, and at the same basic circle of spiral path on week and form 20 ° of angles.Accuracy rate and compressed air blow gun that this design can improve color sensor identification blow off mosaic particle to the accuracy rate of taking over a business inner bottom surface, can effectively guarantee finally to arrive discharging opening mosaic particle just/reverse side towards uniformity.
Described feeding device also comprise outlet be arranged on top feed bin, described feed bin comprises that funnel and bottom are provided with the hopper of vibration machine, hopper be arranged on funnel under; On described funnel madial wall, be provided with the optoelectronic switch for detection of mosaic particle storage in funnel, described optoelectronic switch is comprised of transmitting terminal and receiving terminal, and transmitting terminal is inside being arranged on respectively funnel with receiving terminal on relative two sides.The setting of optoelectronic switch can make this feeding device have the function of detected transmission thing storage, further improves the automation function of feeding device.While the color of mosaic particle not detected in the corresponding surveyed area of the color sensor on being arranged on spiral path in vibrating disk (color of vibrating disk disk body only being detected), color sensor can trigger vibration machine by controller, make its produce vibrate and act on hopper with and interior mosaic particle on, thereby make mosaic particle vibration, be slipped in the taking over a business of vibrating disk.
Described conveying mechanism comprises that described magazine and sliding support parts two are slidably connected for loading magazine and the sliding support parts two of mosaic particle.Pay-off of the present invention adopts delivery device and the combination of the conveying mechanism carried with sliding type, can realize steadily, rapidly mosaic particle is sent to feeding device from feeding device, thereby effectively shorten the delivery time of mosaic particle, and then improve the efficiency of the automatic paving of mosaic particle, be conducive to it and use and promote in mosaic particle manufacture industry.
Described magazine is the strip box body that end face and a side are equipped with opening, and the opening of magazine side is relative with delivery device; In described box body, be evenly provided with the interior lattice that are parallel to each other, the opening of magazine side is comprised of the opening of all interior lattice; Described interior lattice quantity is identical with the number of the column/row of mosaic loose tool.The setting with the magazine of interior lattice can realize feeding device is collected by the mosaic particle of grain output and and according to predefined sequence, form the function of row/column, meanwhile, also can effectively guarantee the stationarity that mosaic particle transmits.This magazine is by base plate and three box bodys that side plate connects to form, its each the interior size of lattice and big or small coalignment of mosaic particle, and this is designed with and is beneficial to the stability that guarantees that mosaic particle transmits.
The both sides that described delivery device and conveying mechanism are separately positioned on feeding device discharging opening refer to: the position of feeding device discharging opening is a station, and the delivery device connecting with controller signals is arranged on a side of station corresponding with station; In being provided with evenly, the magazine of lattice is arranged on the opposite side of station; During work, the position of interior lattice of required filling is controlled corresponding with station by controller, realizes the position of interior lattice of position, station and required filling of delivery device in same level line corresponding align.The present invention moves to mosaic particle pay-off from feeding device in realization, by delivery device, mosaic particle to be pushed to after conveying mechanism, by conveying mechanism, pass on again, therefore, during work, the position of interior lattice of the position of delivery device, station and required filling will be on same straight line.
Described draw frame machine and sliding support parts one are slidably connected and refer to: draw frame machine comprises suction cup carrier and is arranged on the driving mechanism at suction cup carrier top, driving mechanism is connected with controller signals, suction cup carrier and sliding support parts one are slidably connected, and realize draw frame machine along the length direction slip of sliding support parts one.Feeding device of the present invention is moved and is located by the mode of sliding, by the mode drawn, sorted whole row/column mosaic particle is transported successively and installed to the orderly paving that realizes mosaic particle in the row/column that mosaic loose tool is corresponding again, the efficiency of the automatic paving of mosaic particle be can effectively improve like this, automation and the intellectuality of the automatic paving of mosaic particle realized.
Described sliding support parts one are slidably connected by slide mechanism and frame, and the width along sliding support parts one slides with respect to frame to realize draw frame machine; Described slide mechanism is connected with controller signals.The present invention can slide along the width of sliding support parts one by sliding support parts one in frame, thereby make draw frame machine pass through the running fix of the putting position of the motion realization of two coordinate directions and the final shift position of magazine and mosaic loose tool, by sorted whole row/column mosaic particle from magazine carry out fast, stable and put into exactly mosaic loose tool, and the coordinated movement of various economic factors that adopts two coordinates makes material loading precision height and the material loading speed of this feeding device fast, and has stable material loading quality.
Described suction cup carrier comprises suction cup carrier plate A, suction cup carrier plate B and sucker, and described suction cup carrier plate A and suction cup carrier plate B are connected to form the suction cup carrier that cross section is overlapping " mouth " font of two plates; Described sucker is arranged on the bottom of suction cup carrier plate B; Described driving mechanism is for for promoting the upper and lower motion of suction cup carrier and with the driving cylinder of two guide rods, driving cylinder to be connected with controller signals.The structure that suction cup carrier plate A is connected with suction cup carrier plate B can facilitate the replacing of sucker, simple to operate; In the time need to increasing the quantity of sucker, can directly change and there is the suction cup carrier plate B that sucker quantity is many, and not need whole suction cup carrier dismounting to carry out numerous and diverse steps such as suction cup carrier boring and sucker installation.Because mosaic particle is the particle that volume is little, therefore, in order to guarantee the absorption precision of sucker absorption mosaic particle, the present invention adopts the driving cylinder with two guide rods that operating accuracy is high, promotes the upper and lower motion of suction cup carrier.
Compared with prior art, tool of the present invention has the following advantages and beneficial effect:
1, the automatic paving equipment paving stability of multicolour mosaic particle monorail of the present invention is high, paving speed is fast, can effectively improve efficiency and the accuracy rate of mosaic particle paving.
2, automatic paving equipment of the present invention can be realized the auto-sequencing feed, self-feeding, automatic charging of mosaic particle and according to functions such as predetermined pattern Automatic Typesetting, thereby realize the full-automatic process of the orderly paving of mosaic particle, replace traditional artificial paving technique, solve the not high and low problem of production efficiency of current mosaic industry automaticity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of feeding device in the automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the conveying mechanism of pay-off in the automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the delivery device of pay-off in the automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the rack construction schematic diagram of the automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of feeding device in the automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the feed process flow chart of the automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the feeding process flow chart of the automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the material loading process flow chart of the automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention in embodiment mono-;
Wherein, 1 is feeding device, 1.1 is spiral path, 1.2 for taking over a business, 1.3 is vibrator, 1.4Wei linear feeding mechanism, 1.5 is friction pulley, 1.6 is transfer roller, 1.7 is funnel, 1.8 is vibration machine, 1.9 is hopper, 1.10 be support, 1.11 be optoelectronic switch, 1.12 be color sensor, 1.13 is compressed air blow gun, 1.14 be discharging opening, 2 is pay-off, 2.3 is magazine, 2.4 is screw mandrel slide unit, 2.5 is slide block, 2.6 is connector, 2.7 is cylinder body, 2.8 is push rod, 2.9 is pushing block, 2.10 is interior lattice, 2.12 be driving mechanism, 2.14 is delivery device support, 2.15 is conveying mechanism support, 2.16 for pushing cylinder, 3 is feeding device, 3.2 is suction cup carrier, 3.3 for driving cylinder, 3.5 is suction cup carrier plate A, 3.6 is suction cup carrier plate B, 3.7 is sucker, 3.8 is screw mandrel slide unit two, 3.9 is slide block two, 3.10 is connector two, 3.11 be guide rod, 3.12 is driving mechanism two, 4 is frame, 5 is mosaic loose tool, 6 is loose tool support.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment mono-
The present embodiment be take and adopted the mosaic particle of three kinds of colors (color can be made as identical or different according to demand) to carry out automatic paving as example is to describing below.Every row of the present embodiment setting mosaic loose tool is all parallel with magazine length direction.
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention comprises frame 4, by loose tool support 6, is arranged on mosaic loose tool in frame 45, three feeding devices 1, the pay-off 2 for feeding device 1 is transmitted by the mosaic particle of grain output, the controller for mosaic particle is installed to the feeding device 3 of mosaic loose tool 5 and is connected with feeding device 1, pay-off 2 and feeding device 3 signals respectively from pay-off 2 fortune; Wherein, pay-off 2 and feeding device 3 are separately positioned in frame 4.The laying method of the automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail of the present invention comprises confession material process, feeding operation and the upper material process carrying out successively; Wherein for material process, refer to the mosaic particle of every kind of color is transported to discharging opening by grain respectively; Feeding operation refers to by grain the mosaic particle of needs is collected and formed row according to predefined sequence, then full line enters material process, according to predefined sequence, refers to according to the pattern of required formation each lattice in the every row of mosaic loose tool are put into the setting that the color of mosaic is carried out; Upper material process refers to be transported sorted full line mosaic particle in the row that installs to mosaic loose tool 5 correspondences successively.
Automatic paving equipment of the present invention is provided with three feeding devices 1, and each feeding device 1 comprises taking over a business 1.2 vibrating disks that formed by spiral path 1.1, and the linear feeding mechanism 1.4 that the mosaic particle transporting out from vibrating disk can be transmitted; Wherein, vibrating disk is connected with controller signals, 1.2 bottoms of taking over a business of vibrating disk are provided with vibrative vibrator 1.3, its vibration frequency and strong and weak by Frequency Converter Control, effect of vibration is in the mosaic particle of taking over a business in 1.2, make particle produce random motion, finally enter in spiral path 1.1.And the cross section of spiral path 1.1 has the gradient of 3 °~5 °, the helix pitch at its place is 10mm, tapering is 68 °, base circle diameter (BCD) is 600mm, the height of spiral path 1.1 outer walls is 8mm, than the high 6mm of the height of inwall, mosaic particle transmits along spiral path 1.1 in order under the effect of vibration and centrifugal force.
The linear feeding mechanism 1.4 of feeding device 1 of the present invention is provided with the rectilinear orbit being connected with spiral path 1.1 outlets, and in rectilinear orbit porch, is equipped with for mosaic particle being pushed to the friction pulley 1.5 of linear feeding mechanism 1.4; The friction pulley of this friction pulley 1.5 for being made by wear-resisting soft rubber, during work, friction pulley 1.5 rotates counterclockwise under the driving of servomotor.From friction pulley 1.5 belows over against rectilinear orbit along rectilinear orbit length direction, be provided with transfer roller 1.6.This feeding device 1 also comprises for placing the feed bin of mosaic particle, and this feed bin comprises that funnel 1.7 and bottom are provided with the hopper 1.9 of vibration machine 1.8, hopper 1.9 be arranged on funnel 1.7 under, and the outlet of hopper 1.9 is arranged on 1.2 tops.This funnel 1.7 is arranged on a side of vibrating disk by support 1.10, and hopper 1.9 also by support 1.10 be fixed on funnel 1.7 under.In order to make feeding device, can realize the function that detects mosaic particle storage, the present invention on funnel 1.7 madial walls, be provided with for detection of funnel in the optoelectronic switch 1.11 of mosaic particle storage, this optoelectronic switch 1.11 is comprised of transmitting terminal and receiving terminal, and transmitting terminal is arranged on respectively on two relative sides of funnel 1.7 inner sides with receiving terminal.The present invention also comprises buzzer warning device, and optoelectronic switch 1.11 is connected with buzzer warning device signal by controller.
In order to improve the automation performance of feeding device and the subsequent handling of simplification mosaic particle paving, the present invention also comprises the automatic identification sorting mechanism being arranged on spiral path 1.1 sidewalls, and this is automatically identified sorting mechanism and comprises for identifying the color sensor 1.12 of mosaic particle positive and negative color and for mosaic particle is blown off to the compressed air blow gun 1.13 of taking over a business 2 inner bottom surfaces.Color sensor 1.12 is all connected with controller with compressed air blow gun 1.13, compressed air blow gun 1.13 is arranged on color sensor 1.12 along the place ahead of mosaic particle transmission direction, and compressed air blow gun 1.13 and color sensor 1.12 are at the same basic circle of spiral path 1.1 on week and form 20 ° of angles.The region of color sensor 1.12 identification colors is that diameter is the border circular areas of 15mm.Accuracy rate and compressed air blow gun 1.13 that this design can improve color sensor 1.12 identification blow off mosaic particle to the accuracy rate of taking over a business inner bottom surface, thus can effectively guarantee finally to arrive discharging opening 1.14 mosaic particle just/reverse side towards uniformity.Feeding device of the present invention also detects the transmission situation of mosaic particle in border circular areas by color sensor 1.12, to guarantee the normal transmission of mosaic particle.When detecting the color of mosaic particle, color sensor 1.12 (color of vibrating disk disk body only do not detected), color sensor 1.12 can trigger vibration machine 1.8 by controller, make its produce vibrate and act on hopper 1.9 with and interior mosaic particle on, thereby make the vibration of mosaic particle, be slipped to taking over a business in 1.2 of vibrating disk.
As shown in Fig. 1 to 7, each feeding device for material process 1 can realize by the mosaic particle of every kind of color respectively unified just/reverse side towards and by grain, be sequentially transported to discharging opening 1.14.Wherein, comprising the following steps for material process of every kind of color mosaic particle:
The first step, vibrating disk with vibration mode by the mosaic particle delivery entering from feed bin to extreme position; Wherein, extreme position refers to that mosaic particle does not have power drive and the position that stops transmitting.
Second step, before mosaic particle is sent to extreme position, surveyed area is set, at surveyed area, the color of mosaic particle identified and processed one of as follows, guarantee mosaic particle normal transmission and from the mosaic particle exported in surveyed area just/reverse side is towards unification: positive color or reverse side color that mosaic particle in (1) surveyed area, do not detected, trigger the vibration machine 1.8 of feed bin, mosaic particle blowing in feed bin, to vibrating disk, is returned to the first step; (2) color that single mosaic particle detected in surveyed area is not the color of setting towards face, triggers that compressed air blow gun 1.13 is jet blows off mosaic particle to vibrating disk inner bottom surface, and returns to the first step; (3) color that single mosaic particle detected in surveyed area, for setting the color towards face, continues mosaic particle to be sent to extreme position, carries out the 3rd step.
The 3rd step, is pushed into linear feeding mechanism 1.4 by the mosaic particle of extreme position by grain by friction pulley 1.5;
The 4th step, adopts the transfer roller 1.6 being arranged in linear feeding mechanism 1.4 that mosaic particle is sent to discharging opening 1.14 by grain, realizes just/reverse side and at discharging opening 1.14, by grain, sequentially arranges output towards unified mosaic particle.
Before the above-mentioned first step, the laying method of present device detects and processes the storage of mosaic particle in feed bin: in feed bin, the piling height of mosaic particle is lower than the setting height(from bottom) of optoelectronic switch 1.11, and triggering buzzer warning device, to realize alarm reinforced.By above-mentioned, for material process, can effectively improve transmission speed and the efficiency of transmission of mosaic particle in feeding device 1, realize this feeding device 1 and mosaic particle is sequentially arranged by grain and output fast.
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the pay-off 2 of automatic paving equipment of the present invention is for mosaic particle is sent to feeding device 3 from feeding device 1.This pay-off 2 comprises three delivery devices, conveying mechanism of carrying with sliding type and for driving the driving mechanism 2.12 of conveying mechanism motion, delivery device is connected with controller signals with driving mechanism 2.12; Wherein, three delivery devices are fixed in frame 4 by delivery device support 2.14, and a conveying mechanism is fixed in frame 4 by conveying mechanism support 2.15.
Conveying mechanism comprises for loading the magazine 2.3 of mosaic particle and the sliding support parts two that are slidably connected with magazine 2.3.Wherein, magazine 2.3 is the strip box body of end face and a lateral opening, is evenly provided with interior lattice 2.10 in box body, and the lateral opening of magazine 2.3 is relative with delivery device.And in order to facilitate feeding device directly the mosaic particle in magazine 2.3 to be placed in mosaic loose tool 5, the quantity of interior lattice 2.10 is identical with the columns of mosaic loose tool 5, this mode is transported most effective.And sliding support parts two are screw mandrel slide unit 2.4, on screw mandrel slide unit 2.4, be provided with the slide block 2.5 that is slidably matched to realize slip with it; Magazine 2.3 is connected with slide block 2.5 by connector 2.6, to realize slide block 2.5, drives magazine 2.3 to reciprocatingly slide on screw mandrel slide unit 2.4.Driving mechanism 2.12 is connected with a side of screw mandrel slide unit 2.4, to realize driving mechanism 2.12, drives slide block 2.5 to move on screw mandrel slide unit 2.4.
Each delivery device is for pushing cylinder 2.16, push rod 2.8 and pushing block 2.9 that this propelling movement cylinder 2.16 comprises cylinder body 2.7, in cylinder body 2.7, moves reciprocatingly, push rod 2.8 1 sides are connected with pushing block 2.9, and driving pushing block 2.9 to move back and forth with respect to cylinder body 2.7, pushing block 2.9 is for pushing mosaic particle.Pushing mechanism adopts other power set to be also fine, for example hydraulic drive etc.
In the present embodiment, three delivery devices and a conveying mechanism are for forming the pay-off (ratio of delivery device and conveying mechanism of monorail, can regulate arbitrarily according to the combination of the color of mosaic particle and kind), and three delivery devices in pay-off and conveying mechanism are separately positioned on the both sides of three feeding device 1 discharging openings 1.14.More particularly, the quantity of delivery device is identical with the quantity of feeding device 1 discharging opening 1.14, and the position of feeding device 1 discharging opening 1.14 is a station, and each pushes the side that cylinder 2.16 is arranged on each station, and the position of its pushing block 2.9 is corresponding with station; In being provided with evenly, each magazine 2.3 of lattice 2.10 is arranged on the opposite side of station, during work, the position of interior lattice 2.10 of required filling is corresponding with station, realizes the position corresponding align of interior lattice 2.10 of position, each station and the required filling of each pushing block 2.9.During work, magazine 2.3 is realized lattice 2.10 in it by sliding on screw mandrel slide unit 2.4 and is alignd with corresponding station, delivery device pushes the interior lattice 2.10 of magazine 2.3 by pushing block 2.9 by the mosaic particle of this station, realize 2.3 pairs of magazines one by one the mosaic particle of station position filling.Finally, magazine 2.3 is sent to feeding device 3 by the mosaic particle of filling in the magazine 2.3 just of sliding on screw mandrel slide unit 2.4.
As shown in Fig. 1 to 6, Fig. 8, the feeding operation of pay-off 2 can realize by grain the mosaic particle of needs is collected and formed row according to predefined sequence, and then full line enters material process.Feeding operation is that the mode by pushing pushes by predeterminated position the mosaic particle of needs the collection of carrying out mosaic particle in the interior lattice of corresponding magazine 2.3 from the discharging opening 1.14 of respective color by grain, mosaic particle is all collected in to the interior mosaic particle of realizing of magazine 2.3 and according to predefined sequence, forms full line, then full line enters the feeding operation of material process.And before every mosaic particle pushes, the interior lattice of each magazine 2.3 of the position of the position of each propelling movement, each discharging opening 1.14 and need filling are carried out to the positioning control of same level line.
This feeding operation specifically comprises the following steps:
The first step, the discharging opening 1.14 of setting every kind of color mosaic particle is a discharging opening station, arranges one promote cylinder 2.16 in a side correspondence of each discharging opening station;
Second step, the color of the mosaic particle that setting magazine 2.3 each interior lattice 2.10 load; Wherein, in magazine, the quantity of lattice 2.10 is identical with the columns of mosaic loose tool;
The 3rd step, adopts the mode of sliding to load the interior lattice 2.10 of same color by needing in magazine 2.3 and the discharging opening station of this kind of color is single-frame located and aligns;
The 4th step, control to promote cylinder 2.16 and the mosaic particle on station is pushed in the magazine that needs this kind of color of filling in lattice 2.10, carries out the collection of mosaic particle;
Whether the 5th step, load complete situation to the interior lattice 2.10 of magazine and judge: magazine 2.3 fillings are complete, carry out next step; Otherwise, return to the 3rd step;
The 6th step, by the load mode of a magazine 2.3, enters upper material process by the full line mosaic particle transmission being filled in each magazine 2.3; Transmission enters material process and refers to: magazine 2.3 is sent to feeding station by mosaic particle, and wherein, feeding station refers to the final position that magazine 2.3 moves.
By above-mentioned feeding operation, can realize fast, reposefully mosaic particle is sent to feeding device 3 from feeding device 1, by feeding device 3, sorted full line mosaic particle is transported successively and installed in mosaic loose tool 5, thereby effectively improve the efficiency of the automatic paving of mosaic particle, be conducive to it and use and promote in mosaic particle manufacture industry.
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the feeding device 3 of the automatic paving equipment of the present invention is for transporting sorted full line mosaic particle successively and install to mosaic loose tool 5, and this feeding device 3 comprises sliding support parts one and the draw frame machine being connected with frame 4; Wherein, draw frame machine comprises suction cup carrier 3.2 and the driving cylinder 3.3 that is arranged on suction cup carrier 3.2 tops.The driving cylinder 3.3 that suction cup carrier 3.2 arranges by top connects sliding support parts one, drives cylinder 3.3 and sliding support parts one to be slidably connected, and realizes the left and right direction slip of suction cup carrier 3.2 (the length direction along sliding support parts slides); Drive cylinder 3.3 to be electrically connected to controller, for driving the upper and lower motion of suction cup carrier 3.2.Suction cup carrier 3.2 bottoms are provided with 12 suckers 3.7, for drawing mosaic particle from pay-off 2 and mosaic particle being put into mosaic loose tool 5.
Suction cup carrier 3.2 comprises suction cup carrier plate A3.5 and suction cup carrier plate B3.6, and suction cup carrier plate A3.5 and suction cup carrier plate B3.6 are connected to form the suction cup carrier 3.2 that cross section is overlapping " mouth " font of two plates; And 12 suckers 3.7 are evenly arranged in the bottom of suction cup carrier plate B3.6 and are connected with the bottom thread of suction cup carrier plate B3.6.In order to improve the operating efficiency of feeding device, sucker 3.7 is the vacuum cup being connected with controller signals, the quantity of sucker 3.7 is identical with every row lattice number of parallel suction cup carrier 3.2 length directions in mosaic loose tool 5, the mosaic particle that can facilitate like this feeding device directly sucker 3.7 to be drawn is put in mosaic loose tool 5, thereby improves the efficiency of mosaic particle paving.
Sliding support parts one are screw mandrel slide unit 2 3.8, are provided with the slide block 2 3.9 that is slidably matched to realize slip with it on screw mandrel slide unit 2 3.8; Drive cylinder 3.3 to be slidably connected and to refer to sliding support parts one: to drive cylinder 3.3 to be connected with slide block 2 3.9 by connector 2 3.10, to realize slide block 2 3.9, drive the suction cup carrier 3.2 that is provided with driving cylinder 3.3 to reciprocatingly slide on screw mandrel slide unit 2 3.8.This feeding device 3 also comprises the driving mechanism 2 3.12 being connected with controller signals, and driving mechanism 2 3.12 is connected with screw mandrel slide unit 2 3.8 1 sides, to realize driving mechanism 2 3.12, drives slide block 2 3.9 motions.
Driving cylinder 3.3 is the driving cylinder with two guide rods, and comprise cylinder body and the push rod moving reciprocatingly in cylinder body, wherein, cylinder body is threaded with connector 2 3.10, push rod one side is connected with the screw top of suction cup carrier plate A3.5, and drives suction cup carrier 3.2 to move back and forth with respect to cylinder body.Article two, guide rod 3.11 is separately positioned on cylinder body both sides, and one end of two guide rods 3.11 is threaded with connector 2 3.10 respectively, and its other end is connected with the screw top of suction cup carrier plate A3.5 respectively.
As shown in Fig. 1 to 6, Fig. 9, the upper material process of this feeding device 3 can be realized sorted full line mosaic particle is transported in the row that installs to mosaic loose tool 5 correspondences successively.In the present embodiment, feeding operation, by the load mode of a magazine, enters upper material process by the full line mosaic particle transmission being filled in magazine, and upper material process is completed by draw frame machine by absorption mode, comprises the following steps:
The first step, draw frame machine along left and right direction (being the length direction of screw mandrel slide unit two) by the mode of sliding move and be positioned to arrive feeding station magazine directly over; Now, each lattice of magazine and each sucker of draw frame machine align one by one; Promotion sucker presses down, and sucker, by after sorted full line mosaic particle has been drawn in magazine, drives sucker to rise;
Second step, the draw frame machine that absorption has a mosaic particle along left and right direction (being the length direction of screw mandrel slide unit two) by the mode of sliding move and be positioned at mosaic particle loose tool directly over, promotion sucker presses down, sorted full line mosaic particle is packed in the grid of mosaic loose tool corresponding row, complete the material loading of mosaic loose tool a line mosaic particle;
The 3rd step, to mosaic loose tool, whether the complete situation of material loading judges: mosaic loose tool material loading is complete, completes the complete arrangement of pattern of required formation, realizes multicoloured mosaic particle and carries out orderly paving by predetermined pattern; Otherwise, return to the first step.
In upper material process process, draw frame machine be running fix by one dimension coordinate direction directly over magazine 2.3 and mosaic loose tool 5 directly over, realization by mosaic particle fast, stable and put into exactly in mosaic loose tool 5, complete orderly material loading paving.This feeding device 3 has solved in artificial loading numerous and diverse operation such as loose tool grid mark, the contraposition of mosaic particle and has caused the problems such as the low and error rate of efficiency is high, thereby effectively improve the efficiency of the automatic paving of mosaic particle, realize automation and the intellectuality of the automatic paving of mosaic particle.
The paving stability of the automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail of the present invention is high, paving speed is fast, can effectively improve efficiency and the accuracy rate of mosaic particle paving.The operation principle of this paving equipment is such: in more existing paving equipment, mostly all mosaic particle fortune is installed in mosaic loose tool and just sorted, make like this material process will repeatedly transport dress or a plurality of feeding devices be set transport dress and just can complete the material loading of mosaic loose tool a line, thus cause material loading speed slowly, the problem of the complicated procedures of forming such as paving efficiency is low and accuracy is low.And in paving equipment of the present invention, owing to just can obtain sorted full line mosaic particle by feeding operation, therefore, upper material process can once complete sorted full line mosaic particle fortune is installed in the row/column that mosaic loose tool is corresponding, complete the material loading of mosaic loose tool a line, thereby can effectively improve paving efficiency and the speed of mosaic particle.Simultaneously, because feeding operation will be collected according to predefined sequence by the mosaic particle of the needs of grain output for material process, therefore, the sequence of the full line mosaic particle obtaining by feeding operation is consistent with the order of required mosaic particle in mosaic loose tool (being the pattern of required formation) corresponding row, thereby can greatly improve the accuracy rate of mosaic particle paving.
The automatic paving equipment of mosaic particle of the present invention is also applicable to the paving of monochromatic mosaic particle, and the mosaic particle of placing same color in three feeding devices 1 carries out by grain feed, can realize the orderly paving of monochromatic mosaic particle.
Equipment of the present invention just can be realized multicoloured automatic paving by single conveying mechanism and single feeding device, and, due to the corresponding mosaic loose tool of a feeding device, therefore which contrasts with the mode of the corresponding mosaic loose tool of a plurality of feeding devices, the position of mosaic loose tool can with feeding device same level direction on put arbitrarily and do not need to consider how to be placed in the problem of the Central Symmetry position of a plurality of feeding devices, and the position of feeding device has been fixed and has not been needed to consider that a plurality of feeding devices install to the transportation route problem in mosaic loose tool by mosaic particle fortune.Therefore, device structure of the present invention is simple, it is little to take up room, and to the control of single feeding device, single conveying mechanism and feeding device etc., can realize the paving automatically in order of multicoloured mosaic particle by control program.
Embodiment bis-
The present embodiment and embodiment mono-difference are only: sliding support parts one are slidably connected by slide mechanism and frame, and the width along sliding support parts one slides with respect to frame to realize draw frame machine, and wherein, slide mechanism is connected with controller signals.In the upper material process process of the present embodiment, draw frame machine be running fix by two-dimensional coordinate direction directly over magazine and mosaic loose tool directly over, realization by mosaic particle fast, stable and put into exactly in mosaic loose tool, complete orderly material loading paving.Other structure is consistent with embodiment mono-with method.
Draw frame machine of the present invention can determine it is to carry out running fix by one dimension coordinate direction or two-dimensional coordinate direction according to the position of mosaic loose tool and feeding station.Upper material process passes through the coordinated movement of various economic factors of two-dimensional coordinate direction with respect to passing through the motion of one dimension coordinate direction, the aspects such as stability at material loading speed, positioning precision and material loading all increase, thereby the material loading precision that makes material process on this is high and material loading speed is fast, has stable material loading quality.
Equipment of the present invention just can be realized multicoloured automatic paving by single conveying mechanism and single feeding device, and, due to the corresponding mosaic loose tool of a feeding device, therefore which contrasts with the mode of the corresponding mosaic loose tool of a plurality of feeding devices, the position of mosaic loose tool can be put arbitrarily and do not needed consideration how to be placed in the problem of the Central Symmetry position of a plurality of feeding devices in frame, and the position of feeding device has been fixed and has not been needed to consider that a plurality of feeding devices install to the transportation route problem in mosaic loose tool by mosaic particle fortune.Therefore, device structure of the present invention is simple, it is little to take up room, and to the control of single feeding device, single conveying mechanism and feeding device etc., can realize the paving automatically in order of multicoloured mosaic particle by control program.
Above-described embodiment is preferably embodiment of the present invention; but embodiments of the present invention are not restricted to the described embodiments; other any do not deviate from change, the modification done under Spirit Essence of the present invention and principle, substitutes, combination, simplify; all should be equivalent substitute mode, within being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an automatic paving equipment for multicolour mosaic particle monorail, for carrying out orderly paving by predetermined pattern; It is characterized in that: comprise frame, be arranged on the mosaic loose tool in frame, the feeding device identical with the quantity of the required mosaic color category of pattern, the pay-off transmitting for the mosaic particle that feeding device is exported by grain, the controller for mosaic particle is installed to the feeding device of mosaic loose tool and is connected with feeding device, pay-off and feeding device signal respectively from pay-off fortune;
Described in each, feeding device is arranged on frame one side and comprises feed mechanism, pushes mechanism; The described outlet that pushes mechanism is stretched in frame and is provided with discharging opening in exit, described in push mechanism and be connected with the outlet of feed mechanism, for the mosaic particle on feed mechanism is pushed to discharging opening by grain respectively; Described feed mechanism, push mechanism and be all connected with controller signals;
Described pay-off is arranged in frame and comprises the delivery device identical with discharging opening quantity and a conveying mechanism, and described delivery device is all connected with controller signals with conveying mechanism, and is separately positioned on the both sides of discharging opening; During work, the mosaic particle that delivery device needs each discharging opening is pushed to conveying mechanism by grain and collects, the conveying mechanism that collection has a mosaic particle delivers into material loading after forming row/column according to predefined sequence, describedly according to predefined sequence, refers to according to the pattern of required formation each lattice in the every row/column of mosaic loose tool are put into the setting that the color of mosaic is carried out;
Described feeding device is connected with frame, comprise the sliding support parts one that are connected with frame and by controller control can upper and lower motion draw frame machine, described draw frame machine and sliding support parts one are slidably connected, for by conveying mechanism sorted whole row/column mosaic particle transport successively and install in mosaic loose tool.
2. the automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described in push mechanism and comprise the linear feeding mechanism that the mosaic particle transporting out from feed mechanism can be transmitted; Described linear feeding mechanism comprises the rectilinear orbit being connected with feed mechanism outlet, and the friction pulley that is arranged on rectilinear orbit porch, for mosaic particle is pushed to rectilinear orbit; On described rectilinear orbit, be provided with transfer roller.
3. the automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feed mechanism is to take over a business the vibrating disk being formed by spiral path, on spiral path sidewall, be provided with automatic identification flotation-dividing part, described automatic identification flotation-dividing part comprise for identify mosaic particle just/reverse side color and identification vibrating disk color to be to guarantee the color sensor of mosaic particle normal transmission, and for mosaic particle being blown off to the compressed air blow gun of taking over a business inner bottom surface; Described compressed air blow gun is arranged on color sensor along the place ahead of mosaic particle transmission direction, and compressed air blow gun is all connected with controller signals with color sensor, and at the same basic circle of spiral path on week and form 20 ° of angles.
4. the automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described feeding device also comprises that outlet is arranged on the feed bin of top, described feed bin comprises that funnel and bottom are provided with the hopper of vibration machine, hopper be arranged on funnel under; On described funnel madial wall, be provided with the optoelectronic switch for detection of mosaic particle storage in funnel, described optoelectronic switch is comprised of transmitting terminal and receiving terminal, and transmitting terminal is inside being arranged on respectively funnel with receiving terminal on relative two sides.
5. the automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described conveying mechanism comprises that described magazine and sliding support parts two are slidably connected for loading magazine and the sliding support parts two of mosaic particle.
6. the automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described magazine is the strip box body that end face and a side are equipped with opening, and the opening of magazine side is relative with delivery device; In described box body, be evenly provided with the interior lattice that are parallel to each other, the opening of magazine side is comprised of the opening of all interior lattice; Described interior lattice quantity is identical with the number of the column/row of mosaic loose tool.
7. the automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the both sides that described delivery device and conveying mechanism are separately positioned on feeding device discharging opening refer to: the position of feeding device discharging opening is a station, the delivery device connecting with controller signals is arranged on a side of station corresponding with station; In being provided with evenly, the magazine of lattice is arranged on the opposite side of station; During work, the position of interior lattice of required filling is controlled corresponding with station by controller, realizes the position of interior lattice of position, station and required filling of delivery device in same level line corresponding align.
8. the automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described draw frame machine and sliding support parts one are slidably connected and refer to: draw frame machine comprises suction cup carrier and is arranged on the driving mechanism at suction cup carrier top, driving mechanism is connected with controller signals, suction cup carrier and sliding support parts one are slidably connected, and realize draw frame machine along the length direction slip of sliding support parts one.
9. the automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described sliding support parts one are slidably connected by slide mechanism and frame, the width along sliding support parts one slides with respect to frame to realize draw frame machine; Described slide mechanism is connected with controller signals.
10. the automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail according to claim 8 or claim 9, it is characterized in that: described suction cup carrier comprises suction cup carrier plate A, suction cup carrier plate B and sucker, described suction cup carrier plate A and suction cup carrier plate B are connected to form the suction cup carrier that cross section is overlapping " mouth " font of two plates; Described sucker is arranged on the bottom of suction cup carrier plate B; Described driving mechanism is for for promoting the upper and lower motion of suction cup carrier and with the driving cylinder of two guide rods, driving cylinder to be connected with controller signals.
CN201410318508.6A 2014-07-04 2014-07-04 A kind of automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic granule monorail Active CN104070910B (en)

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CN107234430A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-10-10 无锡恒康宝光电科技有限公司 Many specification sheet stock combined methods and its pack mechanism
CN112060822A (en) * 2020-09-11 2020-12-11 广东博智林机器人有限公司 Brick paving equipment and brick paving method

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CN203294785U (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-11-20 郭安华 Brick separating plate for automatic mosaic tile paving machine
CN203995396U (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-12-10 佛山科学技术学院 A kind of automatic paving equipment of multicolour mosaic particle monorail

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US20120102878A1 (en) * 2009-07-07 2012-05-03 Luciano Morini Mosaic tesserae or tiles feeding device and machine using said device
CN202864394U (en) * 2012-07-27 2013-04-10 周仕成 Automatic swinging device and jigsaw paving machine with automatic swinging device
CN202880374U (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-04-17 深圳市好智通科技有限公司 Mosaic arrangement conveying device
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CN106169366A (en) * 2016-09-05 2016-11-30 山东电力设备有限公司 The full-automatic adhering device of Talcum sheet
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CN112060822A (en) * 2020-09-11 2020-12-11 广东博智林机器人有限公司 Brick paving equipment and brick paving method

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