CN106315208B - A kind of automation fork transmission drawing body - Google Patents

A kind of automation fork transmission drawing body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106315208B
CN106315208B CN201610953923.8A CN201610953923A CN106315208B CN 106315208 B CN106315208 B CN 106315208B CN 201610953923 A CN201610953923 A CN 201610953923A CN 106315208 B CN106315208 B CN 106315208B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pusher
slide
stopping
guide rail
mentioned
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CN201610953923.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106315208A (en
Inventor
周贤文
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深圳市兴禾自动化有限公司
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Priority to CN201610953923.8A priority Critical patent/CN106315208B/en
Publication of CN106315208A publication Critical patent/CN106315208A/en
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Publication of CN106315208B publication Critical patent/CN106315208B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels

Abstract

It is transmitted the invention discloses a kind of automation fork and draws body, including workbench, delivery platform, transmission guide rail, slide, pusher guide rail, pusher and stock stop, delivery platform is set up on workbench, transmission guide rail and pusher guide rail are arranged at intervals on delivery platform, and are extended along the side directions of delivery platform;Slide can be slidably embedded on transmission guide rail, and jig is fixed on slide;Pusher is set to the side of delivery platform, pusher includes pusher driving assembly and pushing material component, pushing material component is slidably disposed on above-mentioned pusher guide rail, and is extended to transmission guide rail direction, and pusher driving assembly drives pushing material component driving slide along transmission guide rail linear slide;Stock stop includes at least two sets, and stock stop is along the setting of transmission guide rail interval, to stop the slide of linear slide.The present invention use single-rail guide frame and flexible positioning structure, transmission and positioning accuracy and stability it is good, long service life.

Description

A kind of automation fork transmission drawing body

Technical field

The present invention relates to automated machine fields, refer in particular to a kind of automation fork transmission drawing body.

Background technique

Automation of machinery manufacture be mechanization, it is electrified combined with automatic control as a result, the object of processing is discrete Workpiece.The automation of machinery manufacture of early stage is using the mechanically or electrically single plane automation of component or simple automatic production Line.After the 1960s, due to the application of electronic computer, there is numerically-controlled machine tool, machining center, robot, calculating Machine Computer Aided Design, computer-aided manufacturing, Automatic Warehouse etc..Develop the flexibility for adapting to multi items, small lot production pattern Manufacture system (FMS).Automated workshop based on flexible manufacturing system, in addition information management, automation for production management, out The factory automation using computer integrated manufacturing system (CIMS) is showed.The automatization levels of country facilities and it is external there is also Larger gap, domestic enterprise face the challenge of upgrading, and in recent years, country proposes the mouths such as " intelligence manufacture ", " industry 4.0 " Number, domestic automatic technology production is pushed energetically.

In automation processing and manufacturing field, the automatic transportation transmission of material is an essential process, material Automatic transportation transmission efficiency, directly affect the production production capacity of whole automation equipment;It automates and transmits in existing material In process, the shape size of various materials is different, therefore in practical transmit process, generally requires and fix by feed/product Mechanism, common feed/product fixed mechanism are jig, and feed/product is fixedly clamped by jig, then pass through control jig Movement, realizes the transmission of feed/product;Traditional jig transport establishment generally uses synchronous belt as power driving part;Such as Shown in Fig. 1, the Chinese invention patent " a kind of connector automatic crimping machine and its crimping system " for being Publication No. 205543630U In guide component, the main support structure of the guide component is the guide material support plate 29 of two parallel intervals setting, main to drive Dynamic structure is guide synchronous belt 225, and guide synchronous belt 225 includes two, is separately positioned on the inside of two guide material support plates 29, and It is driven by guide stepper motor 221 in 29 inside shuttling movement of guide material support plate;Jig is placed on two guide synchronous belts 225 On, guide synchronous belt 225 drives jig thereon to transport forward, completes guide work;As shown in Fig. 2, being Publication No. Material guide mechanism 1 in a kind of Chinese invention patent " automatic locking screw machine " of 205520383U, the main support of the material guide mechanism 1 Structure is the guide rack 12 of two parallel intervals setting, and main driving structure is synchrome conveying belt 16, and synchrome conveying belt 16 is set respectively It sets on the inner sidewall of two guide racks 12, and is driven at the inner sidewall of guide rack 12 by guide stepper motor 13 along guide 12 shuttling movement of frame;Jig is placed on two synchrome conveying belts 16, passes through 16 onwards transmission of synchrome conveying belt.

Above-mentioned two transport mechanism carries out jig transmission using spaced synchronous belt and is controlled in practical work process Having size influences, and needs to guarantee that the spacing between two synchronous belts is adjustable, farthest to meet the transmission of various sizes jig, Therefore need to add distance regulating mechanism, complex structural designs, manufacturing cost height;In addition, using the transfer structure of double synchronous belts, It in practical transmit process, is influenced by transmission accuracy or other factors, the transmission speed of two synchronous belts there may be difference, meeting Cause the jig two sides speed transmitted through two synchronous belts inconsistent, the case where jig collision guide material support plate/guide rack occur, Influence the normal transmission of jig;In addition, jig, needs to be located on synchronous belt after transfer is completed, so that manipulator is by jig On processed product/components be carried at processing stations, jig positioning need carried out simultaneously from the front-rear direction of jig, show Some jig positioning mechanisms are generally in such a way that cylinder driving block protrudes into front of jig and carries out stopping positioning, this kind of positioning side Formula belongs to rigid positioning, does not have a pooling feature, and impulsive contact force when positioning is larger, and position stability is poor, influences jig and uses the longevity Life.

Summary of the invention

It is a kind of using single-rail guiding the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is in view of the above shortcomings of the prior art, provide Structure and flexible positioning structure, transmission and positioning accuracy and stability are good, and body is drawn in automation fork transmission with long service life.

The technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows: a kind of automation fork transmission drawing body, including workbench, transmission are put down Platform, transmission guide rail, slide, pusher guide rail, pusher and stock stop, wherein above-mentioned delivery platform is set up in workbench On, it transmits guide rail and pusher guide rail is arranged at intervals on delivery platform, and extend along the side directions of delivery platform;Above-mentioned slide Including at least two, slide be can be slidably embedded on transmission guide rail, and jig is fixed on slide;Above-mentioned pusher setting In the side of delivery platform, pusher includes pusher driving assembly and pushing material component, and pushing material component is slidably disposed on It states on pusher guide rail, and extends to transmission guide rail direction, pusher driving assembly drives pushing material component driving slide along transmission guide rail Linear slide, to transmit jig;Above-mentioned stock stop includes at least two sets, and stock stop is arranged along transmission guide rail interval, with Just the slide for stopping linear slide fixes slide positioning.

Preferably, the pusher driving assembly includes that feeding seat, pusher straight line mould group, pusher mould group motor and pusher are sliding Seat, wherein above-mentioned feeding seat is fixed on workbench, and is located at the outside of delivery platform;Above-mentioned pusher straight line mould group It is fixed on feeding seat, pusher mould group motor is set to one end of pusher straight line mould group, and the output shaft of pusher mould group motor is stretched Enter in pusher straight line mould group;Above-mentioned pusher slide is embedded in pusher straight line mould group, and is connect with pusher mould group motor, pusher mould Group motor driven pusher slide moves along a straight line back and forth along pusher straight line mould group.

Preferably, the side of the pusher slide is fixed with pusher bracket, and pusher bracket is strip structure, pusher bracket Extend along above-mentioned pusher guide rail;Above-mentioned pushing material component includes at least two, and pushing material component is arranged at intervals on along pusher holder orientation On pusher bracket, and extend to transmission guide rail direction, pusher slide drives pusher bracket to move along a straight line along pusher guide rail direction.

Preferably, the pushing material component includes pusher support, pusher cylinder, pusher buffer spring, expeller and pusher Guide block, wherein above-mentioned pusher support is L-type block structure, including lateral blocks interconnected and longitudinal block, the outside of longitudinal block It is fixedly connected on the side wall of above-mentioned pusher bracket, the bottom of longitudinal block offers the sliding slot longitudinally extended, and sliding slot is slideably It is embedded on above-mentioned pusher guide rail, above-mentioned pusher bracket drives pusher support along pusher guide rail linear slide back and forth.

Preferably, the pusher cylinder is arranged in the lateral blocks of pusher support, and the output end of pusher cylinder is inwards Setting, and it is arranged with pusher buffer spring;The inside of above-mentioned pusher cylinder is equipped with pusher sliding slot, and expeller can be slidably embedded In pusher sliding slot, the outer end of expeller is connect with the output end of pusher cylinder, and pusher cylinder drives expeller horizontal along pusher sliding slot To sliding, expeller is made to protrude into the slide side on transmission guide rail, and resist the side of slide, to drive slide to lead in transmission It is slided on rail;Above-mentioned pusher guide block is fixed on the top of pusher sliding slot, to limit expeller.

Preferably, it includes preceding backgauge component and back material stopping component, preceding backgauge group that the stock stop, which includes stock stop, Part and back material stopping component are along transmission guide rail time interval setting, when slide is along transmission guide rail sliding, by back material stopping component, and under Back material stopping component is pressed, until preceding backgauge component resists the front side wall of slide, and back material stopping component is sprung back upwards close to preceding backgauge component The rear wall of slide is resisted, so that limit is fixed before and after slide.

Preferably, the preceding backgauge component include preceding bearing seat, bearing, upper swivel mount, front gear wheel, lower swivel mount, First extension spring seat, the second extension spring seat and extension spring, wherein offer mounting hole on above-mentioned preceding bearing seat, the peace Fill hole bearing seat up and down;Above-mentioned bearing is plugged in mounting hole, is plugged in bearing and is fixed with shaft, the upper and lower ends of shaft It is separately connected and is fixed with swivel mount and lower swivel mount, the synchronous rotary in mounting hole is transported with shaft for upper swivel mount and lower swivel mount Dynamic, upper swivel mount and lower swivel mount are L-type structure.

Preferably, the front gear wheel is rotatably mounted to the end of swivel mount;Above-mentioned first extension spring seat It is fixed on the end of lower swivel mount;The lower part of bearing seat, the second extension spring before above-mentioned second extension spring seat is fixed at Extension spring is connected between seat and the first extension spring seat;When above-mentioned slide compresses forward front gear wheel, front gear wheel is through upper Swivel mount, shaft and lower swivel mount drive the first extension spring seat rotary motion, stretch extension spring, extension spring generates back Elastic force makes front gear wheel push down the front side wall of slide.

Preferably, the back material stopping component includes back material stopping supporting plate, back material stopping sliding rail, back material stopping sliding block, back material stopping cunning Seat, backgauge wheel support, rear gear wheel and back material stopping extension spring, wherein above-mentioned back material stopping supporting plate is fixed at delivery platform Lower part, and be correspondingly arranged in transmission guide rail lower part;Above-mentioned back material stopping sliding rail is vertically arranged on the side wall of back material stopping supporting plate, Back material stopping sliding block can be slidably embedded on back material stopping sliding rail;Above-mentioned back material stopping slide is fixed at the side wall of back material stopping sliding block On, and slided up and down with back material stopping sliding block;Above-mentioned backgauge wheel support is fixed on the side wall of back material stopping slide, backgauge wheel branch Rear gear wheel is slidably provided at the top of frame.

Preferably, the bottom of the back material stopping supporting plate is equipped with the spring base extended outward;Above-mentioned back material stopping stretches bullet The lower end of spring is fastened on spring base, and the upper end of back material stopping extension spring is fastened on back material stopping slide;Above-mentioned cunning When seat passes through rear gear wheel, it is pressed downward rear gear wheel, rear gear wheel is kept off after backgauge wheel support and back material stopping slide compress downwards Expect extension spring, when slide slips over rear gear wheel, back material stopping extension spring is sprung back upwards, rear gear wheel is jacked up upwards, after making Backgauge wheel is adjacent to the rear wall of slide, so as to limiting slide seat.

The beneficial effects of the present invention are:

The present invention improves innovation for automatic field material transmitting device, Promethean to devise a kind of use list Guide rail and flexible positioning structure effectively improve the accuracy and stability of transmission and positioning, improve service life of equipment It automates fork transmission and draws body;The present invention has carried out biggish improvement and innovation for traditional material automatic transportation, for Power, the kind of drive, guidance mode and the positioning method of conventional automated transmission have originality change.

The present invention, as guide frame, is transmitting the slide on guide rail by can be slidably embedded using single transmission guide rail Carrier is carried as jig;It is equipped with pusher in the side of transmission guide rail, pusher passes through pusher mould group motor and pusher Straight line mould group drives the pusher slide being embedded in pusher straight line mould group along pusher as power drive structure, pusher mould group motor Straight line mould group moves along a straight line back and forth;The pusher support motion of pusher slide drive strip;Pusher bracket is embedded to be set in parallel interval It is placed on the pusher guide rail on the outside of transmission guide rail, and passes through pusher guide rail guide and limit;Multiple push away is equipped at intervals on pusher bracket Expect component, the quantity of pushing material component can require to be increased and decreased according to practical transmission, and the quantity of pushing material component determines pusher bracket The jig quantity that linear reciprocating motion can transmit, directly affects transmission efficiency;Pushing material component is along perpendicular to pusher guide rail Direction moves along a straight line back and forth;When transmission, the pusher cylinder of multiple pushing material components drives expeller to stretch in transmission guide rail simultaneously Slide rear lateral portion, material-pushing frame drives expeller to travel forward the rear wall for making it be adjacent to slide, and stirs slide forward and make Multiple slides travel forward along transmission guide rail simultaneously, until pusher cylinder drives after moving at stock stop and being fixed on the positioning Dynamic expeller bounces back from the rear wall of slide, and pusher bracket drives pushing material component back to move, dynamic to carry out material toggling next time Make.

Stock stop of the invention include backgauge component include it is multiple, each backgauge component respectively along transmission guide rail interval set It sets, backgauge component includes preceding backgauge component and back material stopping component, the quantity and pushing material component of preceding backgauge component and back material stopping component Quantity it is consistent, backgauge component and a back material stopping component form a set of backgauge component before one, respectively from the front-rear direction of jig Upper positioning fixing slide carriage;Rear stock stop is designed using automatic back springing type structure, the back material stopping of rear stock stop under normal condition Wheel is upward through delivery platform stretching delivery platform and pushes rear gear wheel when slide passes through rear gear wheel, rear gear wheel compression Back material stopping extension spring, until when slipping over rear gear wheel, rear gear wheel under the upward rebound effect of back material stopping extension spring, Rear gear wheel is jacked up upwards, rear gear wheel is made to be adjacent to slide rear wall, to position slide from slide rear direction;The present invention Preceding backgauge component use flexible positioning structure, Promethean design has the upper swivel mount and lower swivel mount of L-type, upper swivel mount and Lower swivel mount is connected to the upper and lower ends of shaft, and shaft is embedded in preceding bearing seat up and down by bearing, normally The lower swivel mount of state is tensed by extension spring, and when positioning, slide is slid at swivel mount, before the leading flank of slide resists Backgauge wheel, front gear wheel drive lower swivel mount to rotate by upper swivel mount and shaft, the extension spring being connected on lower swivel mount It stretches, provides slide by pulling force and limit power, from preceding side direction limiting slide seat;After the completion of positioning, pushed by pushing material component Slide moves forward, the front side wall for overcoming extension spring that front gear wheel is made to skid off slide, make stop fail, so as to slide to After skid off.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is a kind of traditional material transport mechanism schematic perspective view.

Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of another traditional materials transport mechanism.

Fig. 3 is one of schematic perspective view of the invention.

Fig. 4 is the two of schematic perspective view of the invention.

Fig. 5 is enlarged structure schematic diagram at A in Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is one of the schematic perspective view of pusher in Fig. 4.

Fig. 7 is two of the schematic perspective view of pusher in Fig. 4.

Fig. 8 is enlarged structure schematic diagram at B in Fig. 6.

Fig. 9 is the schematic perspective view of pushing material component in Fig. 7.

Figure 10 is one of the schematic perspective view of preceding backgauge component in Fig. 4.

Figure 11 is two of the schematic perspective view of preceding backgauge component in Fig. 4.

Figure 12 is the schematic perspective view of back material stopping component in Fig. 4.

Specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with attached drawing, the invention will be further described:

As shown in Figures 3 to 12, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows: body is drawn in a kind of transmission of automation fork, including Workbench 1, delivery platform 2, transmission guide rail 3, slide 4, pusher guide rail 5, pusher and stock stop, wherein above-mentioned biography It send platform 2 to be set up on workbench 1, transmits guide rail 3 and pusher guide rail 5 is arranged at intervals on delivery platform 2, and is flat along transmission The side directions of platform 2 extend;Above-mentioned slide 4 includes at least two, and slide 4 can be slidably embedded on transmission guide rail 3, slide 4 On be fixed with jig 10;Above-mentioned pusher is set to the side of delivery platform 2, and pusher includes pusher driving assembly 6 And pushing material component 8, pushing material component 8 are slidably disposed on above-mentioned pusher guide rail 5, and are extended to transmission 3 direction of guide rail, pusher Driving assembly 6 drives pushing material component 8 to drive slide 4 along transmission 3 linear slide of guide rail, to transmit jig 10;Above-mentioned backgauge machine Structure includes at least two sets, and stock stop is along the interval setting of transmission guide rail 3, to stop the slide 4 of linear slide, keeps slide 4 fixed Position is fixed.

Pusher driving assembly 6 includes feeding seat 61, pusher straight line mould group 62, pusher mould group motor 63 and pusher slide 64, Wherein, above-mentioned feeding seat 61 is fixed on workbench 1, and is located at the outside of delivery platform 2;Above-mentioned pusher straight line mould group 62 are fixed on feeding seat 61, and pusher mould group motor 63 is set to one end of pusher straight line mould group 62, and pusher mould group motor 63 Output shaft protrude into pusher straight line mould group 62;Above-mentioned pusher slide 64 is embedded in pusher straight line mould group 62, and with pusher mould Group motor 63 connects, and pusher mould group motor 63 drives pusher slide 64 to move along a straight line back and forth along pusher straight line mould group 62.

The side of pusher slide 64 is fixed with pusher bracket 7, and pusher bracket 7 is strip structure, and pusher bracket 7 is pushed away along above-mentioned Expect that guide rail 5 extends;Above-mentioned pushing material component 8 includes at least two, and pushing material component 8 is arranged at intervals on pusher along 7 direction of pusher bracket On bracket 7, and extend to transmission 3 direction of guide rail, pusher slide 64 drives pusher bracket 7 to move along a straight line along 5 direction of pusher guide rail.

Pushing material component 8 includes pusher support 81, pusher cylinder 83, pusher buffer spring 84, expeller 86 and pusher guide block 87, wherein above-mentioned pusher support 81 is L-type block structure, including lateral blocks interconnected and longitudinal block, the outside of longitudinal block It is fixedly connected on the side wall of above-mentioned pusher bracket 7, the bottom of longitudinal block offers the sliding slot 82 longitudinally extended, and sliding slot 82 can be slided It is embedded on above-mentioned pusher guide rail 5 dynamicly, above-mentioned pusher bracket 7 drives pusher support 81 along the linear slide back and forth of pusher guide rail 5.

Pusher cylinder 83 is arranged in the lateral blocks of pusher support 81, and the output end of pusher cylinder 83 is inwards arranged, and It is arranged with pusher buffer spring 84;The inside of above-mentioned pusher cylinder 83 is equipped with pusher sliding slot 85, and expeller 86 can be slidably embedded In pusher sliding slot 85, the outer end of expeller 86 is connect with the output end of pusher cylinder 83, and pusher cylinder 83 drives expeller 86 It is slid laterally along pusher sliding slot 85, so that expeller 86 is protruded into 4 side of slide on transmission guide rail 3, and resist the side of slide 4, To drive slide 4 to slide on transmission guide rail 3;Above-mentioned pusher guide block 87 is fixed on the top of pusher sliding slot 85, to limit Expeller 86.

It includes preceding backgauge component 9 and back material stopping component 11 that stock stop, which includes stock stop, preceding backgauge component 9 and back material stopping Component 11 by back material stopping component 11, and pushes when slide 4 is slided along transmission guide rail 3 along transmission 3 time interval of guide rail setting Back material stopping component 11, until close to preceding backgauge component 9, preceding backgauge component 9 resists the front side wall of slide 4, back material stopping component 11 to The rear wall of last time butted firmly slide 4, is fixed so as to limit before and after slide 4.

Preceding backgauge component 9 includes preceding bearing seat 91, bearing 92, upper swivel mount 93, front gear wheel 94, lower swivel mount 95, the One extension spring seat 96, the second extension spring seat 97 and extension spring 98, wherein offer installation on above-mentioned preceding bearing seat 91 Hole, mounting hole bearing seat 91 up and down;Above-mentioned bearing 92 is plugged in mounting hole, is plugged in bearing 92 and is fixed with shaft, The upper and lower ends of shaft, which are separately connected, is fixed with swivel mount 93 and lower swivel mount 95, and upper swivel mount 93 and lower swivel mount 95 are with turning Axis synchronous rotary in mounting hole moves, and upper swivel mount 93 and lower swivel mount 95 are L-type structure.

Front gear wheel 94 is rotatably mounted to the end of swivel mount 93;Above-mentioned first extension spring seat 96 is fixed on down The end of swivel mount 95;The lower part of bearing seat 91, the second extension spring seat before above-mentioned second extension spring seat 97 is fixed at 97 and first are connected with extension spring 98 between extension spring seat 96;When above-mentioned slide 4 compresses forward front gear wheel 94, preceding backgauge Wheel 94 drives 96 rotary motion of the first extension spring seat through upper swivel mount 93, shaft and lower swivel mount 95, draws extension spring 98 It stretches, extension spring 98 generates the front side wall that screen resilience makes front gear wheel 94 push down slide 4.

Back material stopping component 11 includes back material stopping supporting plate 111, back material stopping sliding rail 112, back material stopping sliding block 113, back material stopping slide 114, backgauge wheel support 115, rear gear wheel 116 and back material stopping extension spring 118, wherein the above-mentioned fixation of back material stopping supporting plate 111 is set It sets in the lower part of delivery platform 2, and is correspondingly arranged in the lower part of transmission guide rail 3;After above-mentioned back material stopping sliding rail 112 is vertically arranged at On the side wall of backgauge supporting plate 111, back material stopping sliding block 113 be can be slidably embedded on back material stopping sliding rail 112;Above-mentioned back material stopping slide 114 are fixed on the side wall of back material stopping sliding block 113, and slide up and down with back material stopping sliding block 113;Above-mentioned backgauge wheel support 115 are fixed on the side wall of back material stopping slide 114, and the top of backgauge wheel support 115 is slidably provided with rear gear wheel 116。

The bottom of back material stopping supporting plate 111 is equipped with the spring base 117 extended outward;Above-mentioned back material stopping extension spring 118 Lower end is fastened on spring base 117, and the upper end of back material stopping extension spring 118 is fastened on back material stopping slide 114;On When stating slide 4 by rear gear wheel 116, it is pressed downward rear gear wheel 116, rear gear wheel 116 is through backgauge wheel support 115 and back material stopping Slide 114 compresses downwards back material stopping extension spring 118, and when slide 4 slips over rear gear wheel 116, back material stopping extension spring 118 is upward Rear gear wheel 116 is jacked up upwards, so that rear gear wheel 116 is adjacent to the rear wall of slide 4, so as to limiting slide seat 4 by rebound.

Further, the present invention is transmitting guide rail by can be slidably embedded using single transmission guide rail as guide frame On slide as jig carry carrier;It is equipped with pusher in the side of transmission guide rail, pusher passes through pusher mould group electricity As power drive structure, pusher mould group motor drives the pusher being embedded in pusher straight line mould group sliding for machine and pusher straight line mould group Seat moves along a straight line back and forth along pusher straight line mould group;The pusher support motion of pusher slide drive strip;Pusher bracket is embedded flat Row interval is set on the pusher guide rail on the outside of transmission guide rail, and passes through pusher guide rail guide and limit;Interval is set on pusher bracket There are multiple pushing material components, the quantity of pushing material component can require to be increased and decreased according to practical transmission, and the quantity of pushing material component determines The jig quantity that linear reciprocating motion of pusher bracket can transmit, directly affects transmission efficiency;Pushing material component along perpendicular to Pusher guide rail direction moves along a straight line back and forth;When transmission, the pusher cylinder of multiple pushing material components drives expeller to stretch to biography simultaneously The rear lateral portion of slide on transporting rail, material-pushing frame drives expeller to travel forward the rear wall for making it be adjacent to slide, and dials forward Dynamic slide makes multiple slides travel forward simultaneously along transmission guide rail, until pushing away after moving at stock stop and being fixed on the positioning Expect that cylinder drives expeller to bounce back from the rear wall of slide, pusher bracket drives pushing material component back to move, next to carry out Secondary material toggling movement.

Stock stop of the invention include backgauge component include it is multiple, each backgauge component respectively along transmission guide rail interval set It sets, backgauge component includes preceding backgauge component and back material stopping component, the quantity and pushing material component of preceding backgauge component and back material stopping component Quantity it is consistent, backgauge component and a back material stopping component form a set of backgauge component before one, respectively from the front-rear direction of jig Upper positioning fixing slide carriage;Rear stock stop is designed using automatic back springing type structure, the back material stopping of rear stock stop under normal condition Wheel is upward through delivery platform stretching delivery platform and pushes rear gear wheel when slide passes through rear gear wheel, rear gear wheel compression Back material stopping extension spring, until when slipping over rear gear wheel, rear gear wheel under the upward rebound effect of back material stopping extension spring, Rear gear wheel is jacked up upwards, rear gear wheel is made to be adjacent to slide rear wall, to position slide from slide rear direction;The present invention Preceding backgauge component use flexible positioning structure, Promethean design has the upper swivel mount and lower swivel mount of L-type, upper swivel mount and Lower swivel mount is connected to the upper and lower ends of shaft, and shaft is embedded in preceding bearing seat up and down by bearing, normally The lower swivel mount of state is tensed by extension spring, and when positioning, slide is slid at swivel mount, before the leading flank of slide resists Backgauge wheel, front gear wheel drive lower swivel mount to rotate by upper swivel mount and shaft, the extension spring being connected on lower swivel mount It stretches, provides slide by pulling force and limit power, from preceding side direction limiting slide seat;After the completion of positioning, pushed by pushing material component Slide moves forward, the front side wall for overcoming extension spring that front gear wheel is made to skid off slide, make stop fail, so as to slide to After skid off.

The embodiment of the present invention only introduces its specific embodiment, does not limit the protection scope thereof.The skill of the industry Art personnel can make certain modifications under the inspiration of the present embodiment, therefore all equivalence changes done according to the invention patent range Or modification, it belongs in the invention patent scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. body is drawn in a kind of automation fork transmission, it is characterised in that: including workbench (1), delivery platform (2), transmission guide rail (3), slide (4), pusher guide rail (5), pusher and stock stop, wherein above-mentioned delivery platform (2) is set up in workbench (1) on, guide rail (3) is transmitted and pusher guide rail (5) is arranged at intervals on delivery platform (2), and along the side side of delivery platform (2) To extension;Above-mentioned slide (4) includes at least two, and slide (4) can be slidably embedded in transmission guide rail (3), solid on slide (4) Surely jig (10) are equipped with;Above-mentioned pusher is set to the side of delivery platform (2), and pusher includes pusher driving assembly (6) and pushing material component (8), pushing material component (8) are slidably disposed on above-mentioned pusher guide rail (5), and square to transmission guide rail (3) To extension, pusher driving assembly (6) drives pushing material component (8) driving slide (4) along transmission guide rail (3) linear slide, to pass Send jig (10);Above-mentioned stock stop includes at least two sets, and stock stop is straight to stop along the setting of transmission guide rail (3) interval The slide (4) of line sliding fixes slide (4) positioning;
Above-mentioned stock stop includes preceding backgauge component (9) and back material stopping component (11), when slide (4) is along transmission guide rail (3) sliding, By back material stopping component (11), and back material stopping component (11) are pushed until close to preceding backgauge component (9), preceding backgauge component (9) is supported The firmly front side wall of slide (4), back material stopping component back up it is butted live slide (4) rear wall so that limit is solid before and after slide (4) It is fixed;Above-mentioned preceding backgauge component (9) includes the upper swivel mount (95) and lower swivel mount for the L-type structure being arranged at intervals in shaft up and down (93), wherein front gear wheel (94) are arranged in the end of upper swivel mount (95), and the end of lower swivel mount (95) is connected with extension spring (98);It when slide (4) travels forward, hits front gear wheel (94), front gear wheel (94) drives lower swivel mount (95) by shaft Rotary motion stretches extension spring (98), and the screen resilience that extension spring (98) generates makes front gear wheel (94) push down slide (4) Front side wall.
2. body is drawn in a kind of automation fork transmission according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the pusher driving assembly It (6) include feeding seat (61), pusher straight line mould group (62), pusher mould group motor (63) and pusher slide (64), wherein above-mentioned to push away Material seat (61) is fixed on workbench (1), and is located at the outside of delivery platform (2);Above-mentioned pusher straight line mould group (62) It is fixed on feeding seat (61), pusher mould group motor (63) is set to one end of pusher straight line mould group (62), and pusher mould group electricity The output shaft of machine (63) protrudes into pusher straight line mould group (62);Above-mentioned pusher slide (64) is embedded in pusher straight line mould group (62) On, and connect with pusher mould group motor (63), pusher mould group motor (63) drives pusher slide (64) along pusher straight line mould group (62) it moves along a straight line back and forth.
3. body is drawn in a kind of automation fork transmission according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the pusher slide (64) Side be fixed with pusher bracket (7), pusher bracket (7) is strip structure, and pusher bracket (7) prolongs along above-mentioned pusher guide rail (5) It stretches;Above-mentioned pushing material component (8) includes at least two, and pushing material component (8) is arranged at intervals on pusher bracket along pusher bracket (7) direction (7) on, and extend to transmission guide rail (3) direction, pusher slide (64) drives pusher bracket (7) straight along pusher guide rail (5) direction Line movement.
4. body is drawn in a kind of automation fork transmission according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the pushing material component (8) Including pusher support (81), pusher cylinder (83), pusher buffer spring (84), expeller (86) and pusher guide block (87), wherein Above-mentioned pusher support (81) is L-type block structure, including lateral blocks interconnected and longitudinal block, and the outside of longitudinal block is fixed to be connected It connects on the side wall of above-mentioned pusher bracket (7), the bottom of longitudinal block offers the sliding slot (82) longitudinally extended, and sliding slot (82) can be slided Be embedded on above-mentioned pusher guide rail (5) dynamicly, above-mentioned pusher bracket (7) drive pusher support (81) along pusher guide rail (5) back and forth Linear slide.
5. body is drawn in a kind of automation fork transmission according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the pusher cylinder (83) It is arranged in the lateral blocks of pusher support (81), the output end of pusher cylinder (83) is inwards arranged, and is arranged with pusher buffering Spring (84);The inside of above-mentioned pusher cylinder (83) is equipped with pusher sliding slot (85), and expeller (86) can be slidably embedded in pusher In sliding slot (85), the outer end of expeller (86) is connect with the output end of pusher cylinder (83), and pusher cylinder (83) drives expeller (86) it is slid laterally along pusher sliding slot (85), so that expeller (86) is protruded into slide (4) side in transmission guide rail (3), and resist The side of slide (4), to drive slide (4) to slide in transmission guide rail (3);It is sliding that above-mentioned pusher guide block (87) is fixed on pusher The top of slot (85), to limit expeller (86).
6. body is drawn in a kind of automation fork transmission according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the stock stop includes Preceding backgauge component (9) and back material stopping component (11), preceding backgauge component (9) and back material stopping component (11) are before and after transmission guide rail (3) Interval setting by back material stopping component (11), and pushes back material stopping component (11) when slide (4) is along transmission guide rail (3) sliding, Until preceding backgauge component (9) resists the front side wall of slide (4) close to preceding backgauge component (9), back material stopping component (11) is sprung back upwards The rear wall of slide (4) is resisted, so that limit is fixed before and after slide (4).
7. body is drawn in a kind of automation fork transmission according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the preceding backgauge component It (9) include preceding bearing seat (91), bearing (92), upper swivel mount (93), front gear wheel (94), lower swivel mount (95), the first stretching Spring base (96), the second extension spring seat (97) and extension spring (98), wherein offer installation on above-mentioned preceding bearing seat (91) Hole, mounting hole bearing seat (91) up and down;Above-mentioned bearing (92) is plugged in mounting hole, plugs and is fixed in bearing (92) Shaft, the upper and lower ends of shaft, which are separately connected, is fixed with swivel mount (93) and lower swivel mount (95), upper swivel mount (93) and under With shaft, the synchronous rotary in mounting hole moves swivel mount (95), and upper swivel mount (93) and lower swivel mount (95) are L-type structure.
8. body is drawn in a kind of automation fork transmission according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: the front gear wheel (94) It is rotatably mounted to the end of swivel mount (93);Above-mentioned first extension spring seat (96) is fixed on the end of lower swivel mount (95) Portion;Above-mentioned second extension spring seat (97) is fixed at the lower part of preceding bearing seat (91), the second extension spring seat (97) and the Extension spring (98) are connected between one extension spring seat (96);When above-mentioned slide (4) compresses forward front gear wheel (94), front Material wheel (94) drives first extension spring seat (96) rotary motion through upper swivel mount (93), shaft and lower swivel mount (95), makes to draw Spring (98) stretching is stretched, extension spring (98) generates the front side wall that screen resilience makes front gear wheel (94) push down slide (4).
9. body is drawn in a kind of automation fork transmission according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: the back material stopping component It (11) include back material stopping supporting plate (111), back material stopping sliding rail (112), back material stopping sliding block (113), back material stopping slide (114), backgauge Wheel support (115), rear gear wheel (116) and back material stopping extension spring (118), wherein above-mentioned back material stopping supporting plate (111) fixation is set The lower part in delivery platform (2) is set, and is correspondingly arranged in the lower part of transmission guide rail (3);Above-mentioned back material stopping sliding rail (112) sets vertically It is placed on the side wall of back material stopping supporting plate (111), back material stopping sliding block (113) can be slidably embedded on back material stopping sliding rail (112);On It states back material stopping slide (114) to be fixed on the side wall of back material stopping sliding block (113), and with gliding on back material stopping sliding block (113) It is dynamic;Above-mentioned backgauge wheel support (115) is fixed on the side wall of back material stopping slide (114), the top of backgauge wheel support (115) It is slidably provided with rear gear wheel (116).
10. body is drawn in a kind of automation fork transmission according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the back material stopping supporting plate (111) bottom is equipped with the spring base (117) extended outward;The lower end of above-mentioned back material stopping extension spring (118) is connected and fixed On spring base (117), the upper end of back material stopping extension spring (118) is fastened on back material stopping slide (114);Above-mentioned slide (4) pass through rear gear wheel (116) when, be pressed downward rear gear wheel (116), rear gear wheel (116) through backgauge wheel support (115) and after Backgauge slide (114) compression back material stopping extension spring (118) downwards, when slide (4) slips over rear gear wheel (116), back material stopping is drawn It stretches spring (118) to spring back upwards, rear gear wheel (116) is jacked up upwards, rear gear wheel (116) is made to be adjacent to the rear side of slide (4) Wall, so as to limiting slide seat (4).
CN201610953923.8A 2016-10-27 2016-10-27 A kind of automation fork transmission drawing body CN106315208B (en)

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CN106625157A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-05-10 江苏恒浩机电制造有限公司 Piston processing production line
CN111332665B (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-11-17 濉溪野草信息科技有限公司 Piece taking device of flow frame

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CN102730369B (en) * 2012-06-18 2015-03-04 惠州市三协精密有限公司 Flexible working section of assembly line and working method thereof
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