CN104068209A - Fine-powder crucian feed and preparation method for same - Google Patents

Fine-powder crucian feed and preparation method for same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104068209A
CN104068209A CN201410199192.3A CN201410199192A CN104068209A CN 104068209 A CN104068209 A CN 104068209A CN 201410199192 A CN201410199192 A CN 201410199192A CN 104068209 A CN104068209 A CN 104068209A
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parts
powder
mixed
crucian
water
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CN201410199192.3A
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CN104068209B (en
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范治淮
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Cheng Sheng
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范治淮
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a fine-powder crucian feed. The fine-powder crucian feed is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 120-130 parts of barley bran, 130-140 parts of maize meal, 30-40 parts of flammulina velutipes dregs, 4-6 parts of tea residue, 10-12 parts of cucumber leaves, 8-10 parts of black malt, 5-6 parts of broad been skins, 4-5 parts of potato peels, 4-5 parts of coconut milk, 4-5 parts of sweet potato roots, 1-3 parts of shepherd purse flower, 3-4 parts of lotus seed pot, 20-25 parts of bovine bone marrow, 3-4 parts of vitamin C additive, 5-6 parts of auxiliaries and an appropriate amount of water. The fine-powder crucian feed disclosed by the invention is manufactured by puffing barley bran and maize meal as main raw materials, adding flammulina velutipes dregs, tea residue and the like and fining, and carrying out a series or processes; and the prepared fish feed is capable of reducing water quality pollution, increasing the survival rate of crucian, decreasing morbidity, and lowering feeding cost. Moreover, the crucian fed by the feed is good in figure, delicious in meat, abundant in nutrition, and capable of playing a healthcare role on body health.

Description

A kind of micro mist crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof
?
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of feed, particularly a kind of micro mist crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Crucian is a kind of important economic fish in China's freshwater aquiculture, is taking omnivorousness as main fish, high with output, good in economic efficiency and become the breed variety that culture fishery receives much concern, because of delicious meat, nutritious and favored by consumer.Nowadays because people increase increasingly for crucian consumption requirements, make cultivation present situation and the scale of economic animal also have constantly and claim, the general layout of whole market also has larger change, aquaculture is in China's history of existing more than 2,000 year, China is the first in the world aquaculture and aquatic products trade big country, and fish aquaculture amount accounts for global 70%.The fish meal of high-quality also becomes the emphasis of people's research, traditional fish meal adopts thick mixed mode to make mostly, or composition is single, not only cause the pollution of water body, after fish is edible, also can digest and absorb the situations such as rate is not high, and build is bad, also reduce the resistance of fish, reduce the cultivation income of fish, simultaneously large heavy discount all on the output of fish and nutritive value.Micro mist crucian carp feed of the present invention, can effectively improve above-mentioned condition, not only can improve the survival rate of fish, disease-resistant rate, can also meet the long required nutrition of sashimi (raw fish), enhancing development.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has made up the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of micro mist crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof is provided.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Fish meal of the present invention is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: Fructus Hordei Vulgaris bran 120-130, corn flour 130-140, golden mushroom slag 30-40, tea grounds 4-6, cucumber leaf 10-12, black malt 8-10, broad been skin 5-6, potato peel 4-5, coconut milk 4-5, digua fig root 4-5, shepherdspurse inflorescence 1-3, lotus pod 3-4, ox bone marrow 20-25, vitamin C additive 3-4, auxiliary agent 5-6, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: corn flour 30-40, kelp 20-30, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 2-3, osmanthus honey 4-5, emblic 1-2, soybean lecithin 1-2, SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS 10-12, spirulina powder 6-8, egg liquid 10-15, calcined oyster shell powder 3-4, lepidium seed 1-2, bitter orange flower 3-4, sweet basil 1-2, Vitamin B complex preparation 1-2, tomato juice 20-25, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds osmanthus honey to grind to form pasty state SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS, then mixes after adding Radix Angelicae Sinensis, emblic, soybean lecithin, spirulina powder, egg liquid, puts into food steamer and cooks, and dries, and pulverizes, and obtains mixed powder; After tomato juice is boiled, add calcined oyster shell powder and the kelp of pulverizing, stir, continue heating 4-6 minute, obtain mixed material; Lepidium seed, bitter orange flower, sweet basil are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, filter sediment, then mix with mixed material, corn flour and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, dry, granulation, then mix with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
The concrete steps of the preparation of described fish meal are as follows:
(1) pulverize after digua fig root, shepherdspurse inflorescence, lotus pod are dried, then add suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, obtain decoction material;
(2) add suitable quantity of water to grind to form juice cucumber leaf, black malt, golden mushroom slag, tea grounds, broad been skin, potato peel carry out micro mist after mixing, then after mixing with juice, put into frying pan and stir-fry to doing, and obtain fried dry powder, for subsequent use;
(3) put into food steamer after coconut milk is mixed with ox bone marrow and cook, even with the decoction mixing of materials of step 1 gained again after broken pulping, heat while stirring 3-5 minute, dry, pulverize, obtain mixed powder, for subsequent use;
(4) will Fructus Hordei Vulgaris bran, corn flour adds proper amount of boiling water and other residual components to mix after mixing, granulation, then put into bulking machine and carry out expandedly, dries, and obtains expanded material, for subsequent use;
(5) the expanded material of the mixed powder of the fried dry powder of step 2 gained, step 3 gained, step 4 gained is mixed.
In auxiliary agent, sweet basil is Labiatae basil, has dispelling wind promoting the circulation of qi, the function that dampness elimination helps digestion, invigorates blood circulation, detoxifies.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Micro mist crucian carp feed of the present invention, adopt Fructus Hordei Vulgaris bran, corn flour to carry out expanded as main material, add again golden mushroom slag, tea grounds etc. to carry out micro mist, through series of process, manufacture forms, the fish meal making can reduce water pollution, improve the survival rate of crucian, reduce the incidence of disease, lower feeding cost.And not only the bodily form is good, delicious meat for the opportunity of raising through this feed, and nutritious, can play the effect of health care to health.
Specific embodiments
Below in conjunction with following detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail:
The raw material that takes following weight portion (kg) is made: Fructus Hordei Vulgaris bran 125, corn flour 135, golden mushroom slag 35, tea grounds 5, cucumber leaf 11, black malt 9, broad been skin 5, potato peel 4, coconut milk 5, digua fig root 4, shepherdspurse inflorescence 2, lotus pod 3, ox bone marrow 23, vitamin C additive 3, auxiliary agent 5, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion (kg): corn flour 35, kelp 25, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 2, osmanthus honey 5, emblic 1, soybean lecithin 2, SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS 11, spirulina powder 7, egg liquid 13, calcined oyster shell powder 3, lepidium seed 1, bitter orange flower 4, sweet basil 1, Vitamin B complex preparation 1, tomato juice 23, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds osmanthus honey to grind to form pasty state SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS, then mixes after adding Radix Angelicae Sinensis, emblic, soybean lecithin, spirulina powder, egg liquid, puts into food steamer and cooks, and dries, and pulverizes, and obtains mixed powder; After tomato juice is boiled, add calcined oyster shell powder and the kelp of pulverizing, stir, continue heating 5 minutes, obtain mixed material; Lepidium seed, bitter orange flower, sweet basil are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1.5 hours, filter sediment, then mix with mixed material, corn flour and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, dry, granulation, then mix with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
The preparation method's of fish meal concrete steps are as follows:
(1) pulverize after digua fig root, shepherdspurse inflorescence, lotus pod are dried, then add suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1.5 hours, obtain decoction material;
(2) add suitable quantity of water to grind to form juice cucumber leaf, black malt, golden mushroom slag, tea grounds, broad been skin, potato peel carry out micro mist after mixing, then after mixing with juice, put into frying pan and stir-fry to doing, and obtain fried dry powder, for subsequent use;
(3) put into food steamer after coconut milk is mixed with ox bone marrow and cook, even with the decoction mixing of materials of step 1 gained again after broken pulping, heat while stirring 4 minutes, dry, pulverize, obtain mixed powder, for subsequent use;
(4) will Fructus Hordei Vulgaris bran, corn flour adds proper amount of boiling water and other residual components to mix after mixing, granulation, then put into bulking machine and carry out expandedly, dries, and obtains expanded material, for subsequent use;
(5) the expanded material of the mixed powder of the fried dry powder of step 2 gained, step 3 gained, step 4 gained is mixed.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, select 400 builds identical, upgrowth situation is in good health, the identical juvenile fish of age in days is as experimental subjects, be divided at random experimental group and control group, every group 200, putting into respectively the fishpond that water quality is identical raises, experimental group is raised fish meal of the present invention, control group is raised common fish meal, two groups of number of times that feed intake, quantity feeds intake, charging time is all identical, experimental period is 2 months, result of the test shows: compared with control group, the fish survival rate of experimental group rises to more than 99%, the long balanced growth of body is more than 12%, disease-resistant rate is greatly enhanced.

Claims (2)

1. a micro mist crucian carp feed, it is characterized in that, made by the raw material of following weight portion: Fructus Hordei Vulgaris bran 120-130, corn flour 130-140, golden mushroom slag 30-40, tea grounds 4-6, cucumber leaf 10-12, black malt 8-10, broad been skin 5-6, potato peel 4-5, coconut milk 4-5, digua fig root 4-5, shepherdspurse inflorescence 1-3, lotus pod 3-4, ox bone marrow 20-25, vitamin C additive 3-4, auxiliary agent 5-6, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: corn flour 30-40, kelp 20-30, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 2-3, osmanthus honey 4-5, emblic 1-2, soybean lecithin 1-2, SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS 10-12, spirulina powder 6-8, egg liquid 10-15, calcined oyster shell powder 3-4, lepidium seed 1-2, bitter orange flower 3-4, sweet basil 1-2, Vitamin B complex preparation 1-2, tomato juice 20-25, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds osmanthus honey to grind to form pasty state SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS, then mixes after adding Radix Angelicae Sinensis, emblic, soybean lecithin, spirulina powder, egg liquid, puts into food steamer and cooks, and dries, and pulverizes, and obtains mixed powder; After tomato juice is boiled, add calcined oyster shell powder and the kelp of pulverizing, stir, continue heating 4-6 minute, obtain mixed material; Lepidium seed, bitter orange flower, sweet basil are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, filter sediment, then mix with mixed material, corn flour and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, dry, granulation, then mix with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
2. according to micro mist crucian carp feed described in claims 1, it is characterized in that, preparation method's concrete steps are as follows:
(1) pulverize after digua fig root, shepherdspurse inflorescence, lotus pod are dried, then add suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, obtain decoction material;
(2) add suitable quantity of water to grind to form juice cucumber leaf, black malt, golden mushroom slag, tea grounds, broad been skin, potato peel carry out micro mist after mixing, then after mixing with juice, put into frying pan and stir-fry to doing, and obtain fried dry powder, for subsequent use;
(3) put into food steamer after coconut milk is mixed with ox bone marrow and cook, even with the decoction mixing of materials of step 1 gained again after broken pulping, heat while stirring 3-5 minute, dry, pulverize, obtain mixed powder, for subsequent use;
(4) will Fructus Hordei Vulgaris bran, corn flour adds proper amount of boiling water and other residual components to mix after mixing, granulation, then put into bulking machine and carry out expandedly, dries, and obtains expanded material, for subsequent use;
(5) the expanded material of the mixed powder of the fried dry powder of step 2 gained, step 3 gained, step 4 gained is mixed.
CN201410199192.3A 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 A kind of micro mist crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof Active CN104068209B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105029009A (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-11-11 池州清源钓鱼用品有限责任公司 Rice wine fermented carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN105265859A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-01-27 王再青 High-protein crucian fodder
CN105285492A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-03 安徽孔津湖农业开发有限公司 Making method of crucian carp larva fish feed
CN105341337A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-24 安徽孔津湖农业开发有限公司 Making method of feed for adult crucian carps

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1751588A (en) * 2005-10-21 2006-03-29 上海水产大学 Health-care type fish-bait for crucian
CN103340300A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-09 李才平 Preparation method for green ecological crucian forage
CN103519026A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-22 徐芳 Fodder for carps
CN103598438A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-02-26 高雷 Feed for siniperca chuatsi
CN103636998A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-19 盐城工学院 Mullet and crucian carp mixed culture puffed feed and preparation method thereof
CN103750061A (en) * 2014-01-28 2014-04-30 无锡肽旗生物科技有限公司 Low fish meal mixed feed for crucian carp

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1751588A (en) * 2005-10-21 2006-03-29 上海水产大学 Health-care type fish-bait for crucian
CN103340300A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-09 李才平 Preparation method for green ecological crucian forage
CN103598438A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-02-26 高雷 Feed for siniperca chuatsi
CN103519026A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-22 徐芳 Fodder for carps
CN103636998A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-19 盐城工学院 Mullet and crucian carp mixed culture puffed feed and preparation method thereof
CN103750061A (en) * 2014-01-28 2014-04-30 无锡肽旗生物科技有限公司 Low fish meal mixed feed for crucian carp

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105029009A (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-11-11 池州清源钓鱼用品有限责任公司 Rice wine fermented carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN105285492A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-03 安徽孔津湖农业开发有限公司 Making method of crucian carp larva fish feed
CN105341337A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-24 安徽孔津湖农业开发有限公司 Making method of feed for adult crucian carps
CN105265859A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-01-27 王再青 High-protein crucian fodder

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Inventor after: Cheng Sheng

Inventor before: Fan Zhihuai

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Address after: 233200, Anhui, Chuzhou province Dingyuan County town, No. 9, road, room 548

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Applicant before: Fan Zhihuai

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