CN104068244A - Palatable fermented crucian feed and preparing method of palatable fermented crucian feed - Google Patents

Palatable fermented crucian feed and preparing method of palatable fermented crucian feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104068244A
CN104068244A CN201410199943.1A CN201410199943A CN104068244A CN 104068244 A CN104068244 A CN 104068244A CN 201410199943 A CN201410199943 A CN 201410199943A CN 104068244 A CN104068244 A CN 104068244A
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parts
powder
mix
water
palatable
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CN201410199943.1A
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范治淮
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范治淮
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Priority to CN201410199943.1A priority Critical patent/CN104068244A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses palatable fermented crucian feed, which is prepared from the following ingredients in parts by weight: 170 to 180 parts of oat flour, 80 to 90 parts of glutinous millet, 4 to 5 parts of common papermulberry leaves, 5 to 6 parts of watermelon flowers, 8 to 10 parts of pericarpium trichosanthis, 1 to 2 parts of fennel, 1 to 2 parts of hindu lotus spermoderm, 2 to 3 parts of common fig roots, 10 to 12 parts of chicken powder, 10 to 13 parts of oil bran, 6 to 8 parts of spinach seed powder, 5 to 8 parts of cream, 20 to 25 parts of peanut, 6 to 9 parts of longan wine, 3 to 4 parts of yeast, 5 to 6 parts of brown sugar, 4 to 5 parts of multivitamin preparations, 5 to 6 parts of accessory ingredients and a proper amount of water. The palatable fermented crucian feed is prepared through a puffing process; the prepared crucian feed has rich nutrition; nutritious elements such as various amino acids, vitamin and trace elements required by crucians are replenished; the stomach function is promoted; the survival rate of the crucians can be obviously improved; the fast growth of the crucians is promoted; the conversion rate and the absorption rate of the feed can be improved; the quality of fish meat is improved; the feeding cost is reduced; and good culture benefits are achieved.

Description

A kind of agreeable to the taste fermentation crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof
?
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of feed, particularly a kind of agreeable to the taste fermentation crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Expansion gradually along with fish culture scale, fish meal is comparatively rapid in the development of China, China is also one of country of freshwater fish culturing maximum, because human lives is constantly improving the supply requirement of the energy, per capita for the increase of fish consumption requirements, make cultivation present situation and the scale of economic animal also have constantly and claim, the general layout of whole market also has larger change, aquaculture is in China's history of existing more than 2,000 year, China is the first in the world aquaculture and aquatic products trade big country, and fish aquaculture amount accounts for global 70%.High-quality fish meal also becomes the emphasis of people's research, traditional fish meal adopts thick mixed mode to make mostly, or composition is single, not only cause the pollution of water body, after fish is edible, also can digest and absorb the situations such as rate is not high, and build is bad, also reduce the resistance of fish, reduced the cultivation income of fish, simultaneously large heavy discount all on the output of fish and nutritive value.Agreeable to the taste fermentation crucian carp feed of the present invention, the crucian carp feed of making by techniques such as fermentations can effectively improve above-mentioned condition, not only can improve the survival rate of fish, disease-resistant rate, can also meet the crucian required nutrition of growing, enhancing development.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has made up the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of agreeable to the taste fermentation crucian carp feed and preparation method thereof is provided.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Fish meal of the present invention is made by the raw material of following weight portion: oatmeal 170-180, small Semen setariae 80-90, paper mulberry leaf 4-5, watermelon flower 5-6, PERICARPIUM TRICHOSANTHIS 8-10, fennel 1-2, lotus clothing 1-2, root of common fig 2-3, chicken meal 10-12, oily chaff 10-13, spinach seed powder 6-8, cream 5-8, shelled peanut 20-25, longan wine 6-9, saccharomycete 3-4, brown sugar 5-6, Cernevit-12 4-5, auxiliary agent 5-6, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made by the raw material of following weight portion: corn flour 30-40, oat 20-30, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 2-3, osmanthus honey 4-5, emblic 1-2, soybean lecithin 1-2, SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS 10-12, spirulina powder 6-8, egg liquid 10-15, calcined oyster shell powder 3-4, lepidium seed 1-2, bitter orange flower 3-4, sweet basil 1-2, Vitamin B complex preparation 1-2, tomato juice 20-25, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds osmanthus honey to grind to form pasty state SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS, then mixes after adding Radix Angelicae Sinensis, emblic, soybean lecithin, spirulina powder, egg liquid, puts into food steamer and cooks, and dries, and pulverizes, and obtains mixed powder; After tomato juice is boiled, add calcined oyster shell powder and the oat of pulverizing, stir, continue heating 4-6 minute, obtain mixed material; Lepidium seed, bitter orange flower, sweet basil are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, filter sediment, then mix with mixed material, corn flour and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, dry, granulation, then mix with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
The concrete steps of the preparation of described fish meal are as follows:
(1) fennel, lotus clothing, root of common fig are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, separating sediment and filtrate are standby;
(2) after mixing with oily chaff, shelled peanut after the sediment oven dry of step 1, carry out micro mist, then mix with filtrate, cream and the suitable quantity of water of spinach seed powder, chicken meal and step 1 gained, dry, granulation, obtains premix, standby;
(3) paper mulberry leaf, watermelon flower, PERICARPIUM TRICHOSANTHIS are ground to form to juice with longan wine, then add saccharomycete, brown sugar and appropriate warm water to mix, the 2-3 days that ferments after sealing, during every 6-7 hour, stir once, obtain zymocyte liquid, standby;
(4) after being cooked, small Semen setariae is cooled to room temperature, mix with zymocyte liquid, oatmeal and other residual components of step 3 gained again, smash into mud shape, 20-24 hour is placed in sealing, granulation, puts into bulking machine and carries out expandedly, dries, mix with the premix of step 2 gained again.
In auxiliary agent, sweet basil is Labiatae basil, has dispelling wind promoting the circulation of qi, the function that dampness elimination helps digestion, invigorates blood circulation, detoxifies.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Agreeable to the taste fermentation crucian carp feed of the present invention, through bulking process, be prepared from, the crucian carp feed making is nutritious, supplements the nutrients such as the required several amino acids of crucian, vitamin, trace element, promotes functions of intestines and stomach, can significantly improve crucian survival rate, promote crucian Fast Growth, improve conversion ratio and the absorptivity of feed, improve the quality of the flesh of fish, reduce feeding cost, there is good culture benefit.
Specific embodiments
Below in conjunction with the following specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
The raw material that takes following weight portion (kg) is made: oatmeal 175, small Semen setariae 85, paper mulberry leaf 4, watermelon spend 5, PERICARPIUM TRICHOSANTHIS 9, fennel 1, lotus clothing 2, root of common fig 3, chicken meal 11, oily chaff 12, spinach seed powder 7, cream 7, shelled peanut 23, longan wine 7, saccharomycete 3, brown sugar 5, Cernevit-12 4, auxiliary agent 5, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made by the raw material of following weight portion (kg): corn flour 35, oat 25, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 2, osmanthus honey 5, emblic 1, soybean lecithin 2, SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS 11, spirulina powder 7, egg liquid 13, calcined oyster shell powder 3, lepidium seed 1, bitter orange flower 4, sweet basil 1, Vitamin B complex preparation 1, tomato juice 23, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds osmanthus honey to grind to form pasty state SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS, then mixes after adding Radix Angelicae Sinensis, emblic, soybean lecithin, spirulina powder, egg liquid, puts into food steamer and cooks, and dries, and pulverizes, and obtains mixed powder; After tomato juice is boiled, add calcined oyster shell powder and the oat of pulverizing, stir, continue heating 5 minutes, obtain mixed material; Lepidium seed, bitter orange flower, sweet basil are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1.5 hours, filter sediment, then mix with mixed material, corn flour and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, dry, granulation, then mix with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
The preparation method's of fish meal concrete steps are as follows:
(1) fennel, lotus clothing, root of common fig are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1.5 hours, separating sediment and filtrate are standby;
(2) after mixing with oily chaff, shelled peanut after the sediment oven dry of step 1, carry out micro mist, then mix with filtrate, cream and the suitable quantity of water of spinach seed powder, chicken meal and step 1 gained, dry, granulation, obtains premix, standby;
(3) paper mulberry leaf, watermelon flower, PERICARPIUM TRICHOSANTHIS are ground to form to juice with longan wine, then add saccharomycete, brown sugar and appropriate warm water to mix, after sealing, ferment 3 days, during every 6 hours, stir once, obtain zymocyte liquid, standby;
(4) be cooled to room temperature after small Semen setariae is cooked, then mix with zymocyte liquid, oatmeal and other residual components of step 3 gained, smash into mud shape, sealing is placed 22 hours, and granulation, puts into bulking machine and carry out expanded, dry, then mix with the premix of step 2 gained.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, select 400 builds identical, upgrowth situation is in good health, the identical juvenile fish of age in days is as experimental subjects, be divided at random experimental group and control group, every group 200, putting into respectively the fishpond that water quality is identical raises, experimental group is raised fish meal of the present invention, control group is raised common fish meal, two groups of number of times that feed intake, quantity feeds intake, charging time is all identical, experimental period is 2 months, result of the test shows: compare with control group, the fish survival rate of experimental group rises to more than 98%, the long balanced growth of body is more than 11%, disease-resistant rate is greatly enhanced.

Claims (2)

1. an agreeable to the taste fermentation crucian carp feed, it is characterized in that, by the raw material of following weight portion, made: oatmeal 170-180, small Semen setariae 80-90, paper mulberry leaf 4-5, watermelon flower 5-6, PERICARPIUM TRICHOSANTHIS 8-10, fennel 1-2, lotus clothing 1-2, root of common fig 2-3, chicken meal 10-12, oily chaff 10-13, spinach seed powder 6-8, cream 5-8, shelled peanut 20-25, longan wine 6-9, saccharomycete 3-4, brown sugar 5-6, Cernevit-12 4-5, auxiliary agent 5-6, water are appropriate;
Described auxiliary agent is made by the raw material of following weight portion: corn flour 30-40, oat 20-30, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 2-3, osmanthus honey 4-5, emblic 1-2, soybean lecithin 1-2, SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS 10-12, spirulina powder 6-8, egg liquid 10-15, calcined oyster shell powder 3-4, lepidium seed 1-2, bitter orange flower 3-4, sweet basil 1-2, Vitamin B complex preparation 1-2, tomato juice 20-25, water are appropriate; Preparation method adds osmanthus honey to grind to form pasty state SEMEN PINI KORAIENSIS, then mixes after adding Radix Angelicae Sinensis, emblic, soybean lecithin, spirulina powder, egg liquid, puts into food steamer and cooks, and dries, and pulverizes, and obtains mixed powder; After tomato juice is boiled, add calcined oyster shell powder and the oat of pulverizing, stir, continue heating 4-6 minute, obtain mixed material; Lepidium seed, bitter orange flower, sweet basil are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, filter sediment, then mix with mixed material, corn flour and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, dry, granulation, then mix with the mixed powder of above-mentioned gained.
2. according to agreeable to the taste fermentation crucian carp feed described in claims 1, it is characterized in that, preparation method's concrete steps are as follows:
(1) fennel, lotus clothing, root of common fig are added to suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, separating sediment and filtrate are standby;
(2) after mixing with oily chaff, shelled peanut after the sediment oven dry of step 1, carry out micro mist, then mix with filtrate, cream and the suitable quantity of water of spinach seed powder, chicken meal and step 1 gained, dry, granulation, obtains premix, standby;
(3) paper mulberry leaf, watermelon flower, PERICARPIUM TRICHOSANTHIS are ground to form to juice with longan wine, then add saccharomycete, brown sugar and appropriate warm water to mix, the 2-3 days that ferments after sealing, during every 6-7 hour, stir once, obtain zymocyte liquid, standby;
(4) after being cooked, small Semen setariae is cooled to room temperature, mix with zymocyte liquid, oatmeal and other residual components of step 3 gained again, smash into mud shape, 20-24 hour is placed in sealing, granulation, puts into bulking machine and carries out expandedly, dries, mix with the premix of step 2 gained again.
CN201410199943.1A 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 Palatable fermented crucian feed and preparing method of palatable fermented crucian feed Pending CN104068244A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104543450A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-04-29 宿州市万合钓具有限公司 Fermented catfish feed and preparation method thereof
CN105029011A (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-11-11 池州清源钓鱼用品有限责任公司 Catfish feed formula and preparation method thereof
CN107691773A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-16 周登明 A kind of eutrophy type crucian carp feed

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CN102008027A (en) * 2010-11-21 2011-04-13 盐城恒兴饲料有限公司 Grass carp and crucian carp polyculture expanded feed and preparation method thereof
CN102018119A (en) * 2009-09-23 2011-04-20 天津市康好饲料有限公司 Health-care crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103340300A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-09 李才平 Preparation method for green ecological crucian forage
CN103461718A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Antiviral crucian feed and preparation method thereof
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CN102008027A (en) * 2010-11-21 2011-04-13 盐城恒兴饲料有限公司 Grass carp and crucian carp polyculture expanded feed and preparation method thereof
CN103340300A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-09 李才平 Preparation method for green ecological crucian forage
CN103494015A (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-01-08 合肥市潜溪山庄农业生态园有限公司 Crucian feed
CN103461718A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Antiviral crucian feed and preparation method thereof
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104543450A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-04-29 宿州市万合钓具有限公司 Fermented catfish feed and preparation method thereof
CN105029011A (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-11-11 池州清源钓鱼用品有限责任公司 Catfish feed formula and preparation method thereof
CN107691773A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-16 周登明 A kind of eutrophy type crucian carp feed

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Application publication date: 20141001