CN103766049A - Portable mini-type seeder - Google Patents

Portable mini-type seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103766049A
CN103766049A CN201410016671.7A CN201410016671A CN103766049A CN 103766049 A CN103766049 A CN 103766049A CN 201410016671 A CN201410016671 A CN 201410016671A CN 103766049 A CN103766049 A CN 103766049A
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China
Prior art keywords
wheel
driving wheel
seeder
town
frame
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CN201410016671.7A
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CN103766049B (en
Inventor
李昌
王炳晨
韩兴
张晓远
徐硕
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University of Science and Technology Liaoning USTL
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University of Science and Technology Liaoning USTL
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

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  • Fertilizing (AREA)
  • Sowing (AREA)
  • Soil Working Implements (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a portable mini-type seeder which is applicable to carrying out work on hilly lands and plots. The composition structure of the seeder comprises an accelerator switch, a handrail, a seeding box, a chain wheel II, a gear rod, a belt wheel II, an engine, a belt wheel I, a rotary clutch, a rack, a vibration absorption system, a vibration wheel I, a vibration wheel II, a track, a driving wheel, a vibration wheel III, a seeder transverse beam, a seed hose, a ploughshare, a chemical hose, an auxiliary wheel, an adjusting mechanism switch, a handrail adjuster, an adjusting screw, a gear speed changing box, a chain wheel IV, a chain wheel III, an adjusting mechanism and a chain wheel I. The portable mini-type seeder integrates seeding and fertilizer application, is small and flexible, has reliable performance, is less in oil consumption and long in service life, is suitable for cultivating crops including corns, soybeans, sorghums and the like under the ground conditions of mountain lands, hills, the hilly lands, the plots and the like.

Description

A kind of Portable miniature sower
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural machinery equipment, particularly a kind of Portable miniature sower.
Background technology
Current large-area nonirrigated farmland has adopted the main equipments such as tractor to realize and has cultivated, but big-and-middle-sized sower is not suitable for carrying out operation at hillside, patch.Small-sized agricultural seeding machine, in conjunction with feature and the agronomic technique requirement of semiarid region, preferably resolves structure and the performance of facility, the contradiction between cost and function.And the sower occurring on market is now heavier, the oil consumption great majority of machine all consume in the deadweight of machine, because of the excessive machine underaction that turns around that causes of conducting oneself with dignity.Cultivation plow can not be realized adjusting, and some energy regulate but underaction is convenient, and each parts of equipment are fragile, and then have caused great inconvenience to cultivating operation.Open (bulletin) number: the CN2147721 of patent, discloses a kind of miniature seeding machine, has adopted seeder, has replaced manual dibbling, has stepped on bottom sieve frame, has solved the effort problem of taking a lot of work, but by manpower, has not had the real work by people to free.Patent name is, patent open (bulletin) number: CN2710331, discloses a kind of miniature seeding machine, adopt single screw die wheel drive, this driving walking manner easily gets deeply stuck in soil, and walking easily produces polygon effect fast, larger to engine luggine, service life is lower.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of Portable miniature sower, be applicable to hillside, patch carries out operation.
A kind of Portable miniature sower, its composition structure comprises: Oil Switch, handrail, Seeding box, sprocket wheel II, gear lever, belt wheel II, engine, belt wheel I, rotary clutch, frame, shock mitigation system, town driving wheel I, town driving wheel II, crawler belt, driving wheel, town driving wheel III, seeder crossbeam, seed flexible pipe, ploughshare, chemical fertilizer flexible pipe, auxiliary wheel, governor motion switch, handle adjusting device, set screw, speed-changing gear box, sprocket wheel IV, sprocket wheel III, governor motion and sprocket wheel I, described engine is fixed on the front end of frame, major axes orientation is vertical with frame, engine shaft is overhanging to be connected with rotary clutch, rotary clutch and belt wheel I are fixed together, frame end is speed-changing gear box, engine is connected by band transmission with speed-changing gear box, gear lever is positioned on speed-changing gear box.Under frame, there is a driving wheel and three Cheng180° town driving wheel III side by side, driving wheel ⅡHe town, town driving wheel I, driving wheel is positioned at directly over the driving wheel of San Ge town, and Yu Sange town driving wheel triangularity is arranged, driving wheel He Sange town driving wheel is wrapped up by crawler belt, connect seeder crossbeam at frame afterbody, seeder is fixed on seeder crossbeam middle part, seeder is by Seeding box, underlying funnel, seed flexible pipe and chemical fertilizer flexible pipe form, be placed in ploughshare pipe, auxiliary wheel is fixed on seeder crossbeam afterbody, Oil Switch and governor motion switch lay respectively on the handrail of left and right, driving wheel is connected with the governor motion on speed-changing gear box projecting shaft by chain transmission, the main shaft of driving wheel is fixed in frame.
The present invention is compared with existing similar machines, and its significant beneficial effect is embodied in:
1. sower is small and exquisite flexibly, dependable performance, and oil consumption is few, and the life-span is long, is suitable in mountain region, the ground condition such as hills, hillside fields, patch cultivates the crops such as corn, soybean and Chinese sorghum.
2. farming is time saving and energy saving, has greatly improved speed of drilling and quality, has alleviated peasant's labour intensity.
3. collection is sowed, is topdressed one, is a kind of driving wheel front positioning type sower, adopts crawler type walking mechanism, and is provided with shock mitigation system and rotary clutch, Portable energy-saving.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of Portable miniature sower structural front view schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is a kind of Portable miniature sower structure vertical view schematic diagram.
In figure: 1. Oil Switch 2. handrail 3. Seeding box 4. sprocket wheel II 5. gear lever 6. belt wheel II 7. engine 8. belt wheel I 9. rotary clutch 10. frame 11. shock mitigation system 12. driving wheel Ⅰ13. town, town driving wheel II 14. crawler belt 15. driving wheel 16. town driving wheel III 17. seeder crossbeam 18. seed flexible pipe 19. ploughshare 20. chemical fertilizer flexible pipe 21. auxiliary wheel 22. governor motion switch 23. handle adjusting device 24. set screw 25. speed-changing gear box 26. sprocket wheel IV 27. sprocket wheel III 28. governor motion 29. sprocket wheel I
Embodiment
As Fig. 1, shown in Fig. 2, a kind of Portable miniature sower is by Oil Switch 1, handrail 2, Seeding box 3, sprocket wheel II 4, gear lever 5, belt wheel II 6, engine 7, belt wheel I 8, rotary clutch 9, frame 10, shock mitigation system 11, town driving wheel I 12, town driving wheel II 13, crawler belt 14, driving wheel 15, town driving wheel III 16, seeder crossbeam 17, seed flexible pipe 18, ploughshare 19, chemical fertilizer flexible pipe 20, auxiliary wheel 21, governor motion switch 22, handle adjusting device 23, set screw 24, speed-changing gear box 25, sprocket wheel IV 26, sprocket wheel III 27, governor motion 28 and sprocket wheel I 29 form, described engine 7 is fixed on the front end of frame 10, major axes orientation is vertical with frame 10, engine shaft is overhanging to be connected with rotary clutch 9, rotary clutch and belt wheel I 8 are fixed together, frame 10 ends are speed-changing gear box 25, engine 7 is connected by band transmission with speed-changing gear box 25, gear lever 5 is positioned on speed-changing gear box 25.Under frame 10, there is a driving wheel 15 and three Cheng180° town driving wheel III 16 side by side, driving wheel Ⅱ13He town, town driving wheel I 12, driving wheel 15 is positioned at directly over the driving wheel of San Ge town, and Yu Sange town driving wheel triangularity is arranged, driving wheel 15 He Sange town driving wheels are wrapped up by crawler belt 14, connect seeder crossbeam 17 at frame 10 afterbodys, seeder is fixed on seeder crossbeam 17 middle parts, seeder is by Seeding box 3, underlying funnel, seed flexible pipe 18 and chemical fertilizer flexible pipe 20 form, be placed in ploughshare pipe, auxiliary wheel 21 is fixed on seeder crossbeam 17 afterbodys, Oil Switch 1 and governor motion switch 22 lay respectively on left and right handrail 2, driving wheel 15 is connected with the governor motion 28 on speed-changing gear box projecting shaft by chain transmission, the main shaft of driving wheel 15 is fixed in frame 10.
Portable miniature sower of the present invention is to realize so the concrete operation of cultivating, and illustrates below in conjunction with Figure of description.
As shown in Figure 1, engine 7 is fixed on the front end of frame 10, and frame end is speed-changing gear box 25, engine is connected by band transmission with speed-changing gear box, on engine spindle, be provided with rotary clutch 9, when engine speed is during lower than a certain particular value, do not export torque.Below engine, there is a driving wheel 15 and three Cheng180° town driving wheel 12,13,16 side by side, driving wheel is positioned at Qie Yu town, driving wheel top, town driving wheel triangularity and arranges, four wheels are wrapped up by crawler belt 14, connect seeder crossbeam 17 at frame afterbody, seeder is connected with the sprocket wheel I 29 on governor motion 28 on gear-box projecting shaft by chain transmission, beam-ends connects auxiliary wheel 21, between engine spindle and live axle, slow down respectively by band transmission, gear drive and chain transmission, the main shaft of driving wheel is fixed in frame.Realize advancing, retreat and quitting work of sower by gear lever 5, whether seeder is connected through sprocket wheel I 29, II 4 with governor motion, can control seeder work by governor motion.Controlled the pace speed of sower by throttle, Oil Switch 1 and governor motion switch 22 are separately positioned on handrail 2 sides and conveniently sower are regulated.Handrail height varies with each individual, and can regulate to realize flexibly by handle adjusting device 23 to adjust, and set screw 24 can regulate the height of auxiliary wheel 21 and ploughshare 19, conveniently cultivates and sows.
When use, engine 7 starts to start, rotary clutch 9 friction plate work in the time that rotating speed reaches certain value, output torque, work by band driving-belt moving gear gearbox 25, gearbox projecting shaft is connected with governor motion 28, sprocket wheel III 27 is by chain driving-belt movable sprocket IV 26, thereby driving wheel 15 is rotated, and then drive crawler belt 14 to make this equipment walking, complete hack, the work of digging, governor motion 28 is connected with seeder, the work of drive seeder, the seed of Seeding box 3 and chemical fertilizer enter in the ditch of being outputed by ploughshare 19 through seeding unit and flexible pipe, can regulate seeder by governor motion switch 22, turn around when running into, when the situations such as turning, stop sowing.Oil Switch 1 can regulate the gait of march of sower.Gear lever 5 is controlled machine and is advanced, stops, falling back, thereby realizes seeding operation, and then auxiliary wheel 21 punching presses realize complete seeding process.Finish behind a Gansu Province, raise back bar and turn flexibly, start new Gansu Province and plough, flame-out after completing en bloc.Whole seeding process does not need training, and individual can flexible operating.

Claims (1)

1. a Portable miniature sower, is characterized in that the composition structure of this sower comprises: Oil Switch, handrail, Seeding box, sprocket wheel II, gear lever, belt wheel II, engine, belt wheel I, rotary clutch, frame, shock mitigation system, town driving wheel I, town driving wheel II, crawler belt, driving wheel, town driving wheel III, seeder crossbeam, seed flexible pipe, ploughshare, chemical fertilizer flexible pipe, auxiliary wheel, governor motion switch, handle adjusting device, set screw, speed-changing gear box, sprocket wheel IV, sprocket wheel III, governor motion and sprocket wheel I, described engine is fixed on the front end of frame, major axes orientation is vertical with frame, engine shaft is overhanging to be connected with rotary clutch, rotary clutch and belt wheel I are fixed together, and frame end is speed-changing gear box, and engine is connected by band transmission with speed-changing gear box, gear lever is positioned on speed-changing gear box, has a driving wheel and three Cheng180° town driving wheel III side by side under frame, driving wheel ⅡHe town, town driving wheel I, driving wheel is positioned at directly over the driving wheel of San Ge town, and Yu Sange town driving wheel triangularity is arranged, driving wheel He Sange town driving wheel is wrapped up by crawler belt, connect seeder crossbeam at frame afterbody, seeder is fixed on seeder crossbeam middle part, and seeder is by Seeding box, underlying funnel, seed flexible pipe and chemical fertilizer flexible pipe form, be placed in ploughshare pipe, auxiliary wheel is fixed on seeder crossbeam afterbody, and Oil Switch and governor motion switch lay respectively on the handrail of left and right, driving wheel is connected with the governor motion on speed-changing gear box projecting shaft by chain transmission, and the main shaft of driving wheel is fixed in frame.
CN201410016671.7A 2014-01-14 2014-01-14 Portable mini-type seeder Active CN103766049B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107182375A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-22 山西省农业科学院经济作物研究所 The micro-mechanized granule crop seeder of suitable arid hills area
CN108633400A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-10-12 黑龙江八农垦大学 A kind of automated corn seeder
WO2020092576A1 (en) * 2018-10-31 2020-05-07 Brooklyn Bridge To Cambodia, Inc. All-season seeder
CN112616371A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-09 大连理工大学 Automatic corn seeding device

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US4359952A (en) * 1981-05-07 1982-11-23 International Harvester Co. Planter quick attachable granular chemical hopper assembly
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JP2005160405A (en) * 2003-12-03 2005-06-23 Kubota Corp Riding type implement with fertilizing device
CN2935741Y (en) * 2006-05-31 2007-08-22 付春峰 Multifunction agricultural micro cultivator
CN200990769Y (en) * 2006-11-10 2007-12-19 王建锋 Sowing, fertilizer-applicating sand-loosening machine
CN201135025Y (en) * 2008-01-07 2008-10-22 郝洪利 Track type multipurpose seeding machine
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CN102823350A (en) * 2012-09-17 2012-12-19 辽宁科技大学 Portable energy-saving cultivator
CN203105084U (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-08-07 崔彦华 Carrot planter
CN203675588U (en) * 2014-01-14 2014-07-02 辽宁科技大学 Portable type mini-type seeder

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4359952A (en) * 1981-05-07 1982-11-23 International Harvester Co. Planter quick attachable granular chemical hopper assembly
CN2261712Y (en) * 1996-08-14 1997-09-10 梅剑辉 Miniature tillage machine
KR20010107338A (en) * 2000-05-26 2001-12-07 신해일 Garlic Planter
CN2506055Y (en) * 2001-09-26 2002-08-21 李松明 Caterpillar type multi-function walking agricultural working machine
JP2005160405A (en) * 2003-12-03 2005-06-23 Kubota Corp Riding type implement with fertilizing device
CN2935741Y (en) * 2006-05-31 2007-08-22 付春峰 Multifunction agricultural micro cultivator
CN200990769Y (en) * 2006-11-10 2007-12-19 王建锋 Sowing, fertilizer-applicating sand-loosening machine
RU2343671C1 (en) * 2007-06-28 2009-01-20 Государственное учреждение Зональный научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства Северо-Востока имени Н.В. Рудницкого Strip sowing machine
CN201135025Y (en) * 2008-01-07 2008-10-22 郝洪利 Track type multipurpose seeding machine
CN102823350A (en) * 2012-09-17 2012-12-19 辽宁科技大学 Portable energy-saving cultivator
CN203105084U (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-08-07 崔彦华 Carrot planter
CN203675588U (en) * 2014-01-14 2014-07-02 辽宁科技大学 Portable type mini-type seeder

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技能士の友鍽集部: "《机械零件常识》", 30 September 2013, 机械工业出版社 *

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107182375A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-22 山西省农业科学院经济作物研究所 The micro-mechanized granule crop seeder of suitable arid hills area
CN108633400A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-10-12 黑龙江八农垦大学 A kind of automated corn seeder
WO2020092576A1 (en) * 2018-10-31 2020-05-07 Brooklyn Bridge To Cambodia, Inc. All-season seeder
CN112616371A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-09 大连理工大学 Automatic corn seeding device
CN112616371B (en) * 2020-12-18 2022-03-04 大连理工大学 Automatic corn seeding device

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Inventor after: Li Chang

Inventor after: Han Xing

Inventor after: Jin Zihan

Inventor after: Zhang Xiaoyuan

Inventor after: Xu Shuo

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Inventor before: Wang Bingchen

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Inventor before: Xu Shuo

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