CN203735043U - Pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder - Google Patents

Pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203735043U
CN203735043U CN201420051987.5U CN201420051987U CN203735043U CN 203735043 U CN203735043 U CN 203735043U CN 201420051987 U CN201420051987 U CN 201420051987U CN 203735043 U CN203735043 U CN 203735043U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
wheel
sowing
air pump
land
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420051987.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
廖宜涛
廖庆喜
丁幼春
汲文峰
黄海东
舒彩霞
田波平
王磊
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201420051987.5U priority Critical patent/CN203735043U/en
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Publication of CN203735043U publication Critical patent/CN203735043U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder, comprising a chassis, a gasoline engine with a belt pulley, a seeder hooking frame on the chassis, a sowing rack two sides of which are both provided with land wheel bottom forks, a land wheel shaft two ends of which are provided with land wheels, an opener support beam provided with multiple openers and a seed guide pipe one end of which is provided with openers. According to the utility model, a positive-negative air pressure combined seeding principle is adopted, thus realizing precision seeding, reducing seed input cost, achieving high productivity, saving seeds, avoiding injuring seeds in the seeding process, greatly reducing field management operations such as follow-up thinning and final singling of seedlings.

Description

Pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of seeders, be specially a kind of pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder.
Background technology
Vegetables are one of requisite food in people's diet, are also important economic crops.China is maximum in the world vegetables producing country and country of consumption, is also maximum in the world Vegetables Exportation.Since 20th century, implemented the "shopping basket' project the eighties, vegetables industry has obtained tremendous development, is the second largest crops industry that is only second to grain in plant husbandry at present.Growing vegetables is higher than traditional cereal crops economic worth, but sowing labour intensity is large, production labor amount is large, seeding operation labour consumes greatly, needs intensive cultivation, has limited to a certain extent the expansion of sowing of vegetable area.
At present growing vegetables mode is broadly divided into seedling raising and transplanting and live two kinds.Seedling raising and transplanting can ensure fixing distance between rows and hills, ensures the liquid manure equilibrium of vegetables, realizes good quality and high output, but need to grow seedlings in advance, and planting link is many; Plantation operating type is divided into artificial transplanting and machinery is transplanted, wherein manually transplant that labour intensity is large, operating efficiency is low, mechanization transplanting mainly turns to master with the action machinery of planting, and automaticity is low, get seedling and divide the operations such as seedling waters all to rely on manually to complete, the laborsaving merit of not economizing.Direct-seeding planting comprise artificial drilling slip kind, broadcast sowing and machinery live, artificial drilling slips kind and broadcasts sowing that to sow the amount of labour early stage less, but belong to extensive style planting patterns, waste a large amount of seeds, and growing vegetables Density inhomogeneity, in process of growth, strive water and strive fertilizer, affect the quality and yield of vegetables, conventionally need the later stage final singling operation of filling the gaps with seedlings, production process comprehensive labor amount is large.The live operating efficiency of machinery is high, the amount of labour is little, it is one of direction of growing vegetables development, but current vegetable-seed planter is mostly land for growing field crops Seeder for crops and converts, field radius of turn is large, large to soil disturbance amount, and taking mechanical drilling as main, sowing quantity is large, seed percentage of damage is high, lack operating environments such as being applicable to outdoor, booth, injuring-free seed, the uniform precision drilling machinery of spacing in the rows.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is provides a kind of simple in structure and pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder that energy consumption is low in order to overcome above-mentioned deficiency.
The present invention includes chassis, be provided with the gasoline engine of gasoline engine belt wheel, be located at the sower hitching frame on chassis, both sides are equipped with the sowing frame of land wheel chain stay, two ends are provided with the land axle of land wheel, plough brace summer and one end of being provided with multiple ploughs are arranged on the grain conductor on plough, described sowing frame is connected with sower hitching frame, described plough brace summer is arranged in sowing frame, described land wheel is located in land wheel chain stay, described gasoline engine is located on chassis, also comprise the air pump that is provided with air pump belt pulley, for connecting the air compressor bracket of gasoline engine and air pump, be provided with the speed regulator that the Pneumatic precision seed sowing device of seeding unit sprocket wheel and both sides are respectively equipped with the first speed governing sprocket wheel and the second speed governing sprocket wheel, both sides, described chassis are provided with Athey wheel, described land axle is provided with land wheel drive sprocket, described Pneumatic precision seed sowing device and speed regulator are installed in sowing frame, described gasoline engine belt wheel is connected by belt with air pump belt pulley, described land wheel drive sprocket is connected by the first chain with the first speed governing sprocket wheel, described the second speed governing sprocket wheel is connected by the second chain with seeding unit sprocket wheel, the gas outlet of described air pump is connected with the air inlet of Pneumatic precision seed sowing device by tracheae, the other end of described grain conductor is connected with kind of the mouth that goes out of Pneumatic precision seed sowing device.
Further, the present invention also comprise the hydraulic jack that is located on sower hitching frame, two ends respectively with sower hitching frame and the hinged hydraulic stem of sowing frame, hydraulic oil pipe and the connecting rod that two ends are connected with hydraulic jack and hydraulic stem respectively, one end of described connecting rod and sower hitching frame are hinged, and the other end of described connecting rod is fixedly connected with sowing frame.
Described plough double disk opener.
Described air pump is positive and negative air-pressure air pump.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: 1, the present invention adopts the seeding principle of positive and negative air-pressure combination, can realize precision drilling, reduces seed input cost, productivity ratio is high, save seed, in seeding process, do not damage seed, significantly reduce the field management work such as follow-up thinning, final singling.
2, the present invention, by regulating arrangements for speed regulation and changing feed drum, can realize different-grain diameter size, the sowing of the vegetable seeds of different planting densities, a tractor serves several purposes.
3, the present invention adopts crawler type engine, by wireless remote control control, take operation without people, and power consumption is less, complete machine field trafficability characteristic is good, and radius of turn is little, lightweight, compact in design, is applicable to the sowing of vegetable of different field sizes, different physical features environment, little to the soil disturbance after turning over.
4, by adopting special connected mode and adopt hydraulic jack and hydraulic stem between sower hitching frame and sowing frame, thereby can be after sowing finishes, can sowing frame and Whole Equipment above thereof upwards be packed up by controlling hydraulic stem, conveniently walk in field.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that the present invention is without remote control structural representation.
Fig. 2 is sower hitching frame and sowing frame connection diagram in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is governor structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is remote control part-structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is remote control steering principle figure of the present invention.
Embodiment
Further illustrate the present invention below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Embodiment: pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder of the present invention, comprise chassis 1, be provided with the gasoline engine 2 of gasoline engine belt wheel 2a, be located at the One On The Chassis sower hitching frame 3, both sides are equipped with the sowing frame 5 of land wheel chain stay 4, two ends are provided with the land axle 6 of land wheel 6a, plough brace summer 7 and one end of being provided with multiple plough 7a are arranged on the grain conductor 16 on plough 7a, described sowing frame 5 is connected with sower hitching frame 3, described plough brace summer 7 is arranged in sowing frame 5, described land wheel 6a is located in land wheel chain stay 4, described gasoline engine 2 is located on chassis 1, also comprise the air pump 8 that is provided with air pump belt pulley 8a, for connecting the air compressor bracket 9 of gasoline engine 2 and air pump 8, be provided with the speed regulator 11 that the Pneumatic precision seed sowing device 10 of seeding unit sprocket wheel 10a and both sides are respectively equipped with the first speed governing sprocket wheel 11a and the second speed governing sprocket wheel 11b, 1 both sides, described chassis are provided with Athey wheel 21, described land axle 6 is provided with land wheel drive sprocket 6b, described Pneumatic precision seed sowing device 10 and speed regulator 11 are installed in sowing frame 5, described gasoline engine belt wheel 2a is connected by belt 12 with air pump belt pulley 8a, described land wheel drive sprocket 6b is connected by the first chain 13 with the first speed governing sprocket wheel 11a, described the second speed governing sprocket wheel 11b is connected by the second chain 14 with seeding unit sprocket wheel 10a, the gas outlet of described air pump 8 is connected with the air inlet of Pneumatic precision seed sowing device 10 by tracheae 15, the other end of described grain conductor 16 is connected with kind of the mouth that goes out of Pneumatic precision seed sowing device 10.The present invention also comprise the hydraulic jack 17 that is located on sower hitching frame 3, two ends respectively with sower hitching frame 3 and the hinged hydraulic stem 18 of sowing frame 5, hydraulic oil pipe 19 and the connecting rod 20 that two ends are connected with hydraulic jack 17 and hydraulic stem 18 respectively, one end of described connecting rod and sower hitching frame 3 are hinged, and the other end of described connecting rod is fixedly connected with sowing frame 5; Like this, after sowing finishes, can sowing frame 5 and Whole Equipment above thereof upwards be packed up by controlling hydraulic stem 18, conveniently walk in field.Described plough 7a double disk opener, described air pump 8 is positive and negative air-pressure air pump, the number of described Pneumatic precision seed sowing device 10 and speed regulator 11 is two.The present invention also comprises the handrail 22 being located on gasoline engine 2, what be located at handrail 22 left and right sides turns to rim brake 23, what be located at that power steering gear 24 between both sides Athey wheel 21 and two ends connect respectively power steering gear 24 and turn to rim brake 23 turns to control line 25, also comprise remote-control signal transmitter 26, remote signal receiver 27, the single-chip microcomputer 28 being connected with remote signal receiver 27 and the electric pushrod 29 being connected with single-chip microcomputer 28, described electric pushrod 29 is fixed on and turns on rim brake 23, described remote-control signal transmitter 26 sends steering controling signal by wireless network to remote signal receiver 27, described remote signal receiver 27 transmits steering controling signal to single-chip microcomputer 28, described single-chip microcomputer 28 converts steering controling signal displacement control signal to and transfers to electric pushrod 29, wherein, integrated power supply on remote signal receiver 27 and single-chip microcomputer 28, the miniature electromotive handspike that electric pushrod 29 selects reason one news Electronics Co., Ltd. in Nanjing to produce, inside establish direct current push rod motor.Described power steering gear 24 comprises the power input shaft 24a of connecting base plate 1 both sides Athey wheel 21, dynamic input gear 24b is overlapped respectively at two ends, described power input shaft 24a left and right, a described left side, on right two power input gear 24b, be engaged with respectively power output gear 24c, a described left side, on right two power output gear 24c, overlap respectively dynamic output shaft 24d, a described left side, on right two power take-off 24d, overlap respectively limited location spring 24e, a described left side, on right two limit spring 24e, be respectively equipped with shift fork 24f, a described left side, the other end of right two shift fork 24f is connected with turning to control line 25 respectively.
Operation principle of the present invention is: for the little vegetable seeds sowing of line-spacing, adopt two Pneumatic precision seed sowing devices 10, realize and once sow 12 row; For the larger vegetable seeds sowing of line-spacing, adopt single Pneumatic precision seed sowing device 10, realize and once sow 6 row.When sowing, gasoline engine 2 is the air pump 8 to positive and negative air-pressure unit by transmission of power, air pump 8 is passed into positive and negative air-pressure respectively the positive and negative air-pressure district of Pneumatic precision seed sowing device 10 through tracheae 15, sower advances, power is delivered to two speed regulators 11 in left and right through land axle 6, power drives two Pneumatic precision seed sowing device 10 seedings in left and right by speed regulator 11, thereby realizes small-sized pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder and once realize at seeding time the function such as precision drilling and earthing of 6 or 12 row vegetable seeds.Sower is in the process of advancing, if desired turn left to, send left-hand rotation control signal by wireless network to remote signal receiver 27 with remote-control signal transmitter 26, remote signal receiver 27 transmits left-hand rotation control signal to single-chip microcomputer 28, described single-chip microcomputer 28 converts left-hand rotation control signal to displacement control signal and transfers to the electric pushrod 29 in left side, the electric pushrod 29 in left side drives the rim brake 23 that turns in left side to move, thereby the stroke of the control line 25 of left end is shortened, pull the shift fork 24f of left end, away from the power output gear 24c of left end, the power take-off 24d of left end is with respect to the power output gear 24c idle running of left end, power cannot be transferred to power input shaft 24a, complete turn left to, if the control line 25 of left end is resetted, the limit spring 24e in left side compresses the shift fork 24f of left end, the shift fork 24f of left end is inserted in left end power output gear 24c, left end power output gear 24c drives the power take-off 24d of left end to rotate, thereby sower engine normally advances, the operation principle of right turn with turn left to identical.
Small-sized pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder of the present invention, can, according to the sowing requirement of the vegetable seeds of different-grain diameter size, different planting densities, by changing feed drum, realize the precision drilling of different vegetable seed.
Adopt Pneumatic precision seed sowing device, compared with traditional vegetable-seed planter, dependable performance, do not damage seed, and save seed, can realize simple grain precision drilling, grain apart from accurate, do not need thinning to fill the gaps with seedlings, can solve that the amount of labour in sowing of vegetable process is large, seed input cost is high, the problem of seedling distance between rows and hills inequality, sower bad adaptability, and can adapt to different field sizes, the operating type that the outdoor and booth vegetable of different physical features environment is sowed.

Claims (4)

1. a pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder, comprise chassis (1), be provided with the gasoline engine (2) of gasoline engine belt wheel (2a), be located at the sower hitching frame (3) on chassis (1), both sides are equipped with the sowing frame (5) of land wheel chain stay (4), two ends are provided with the land axle (6) of land wheel (6a), plough brace summer (7) and one end of being provided with multiple ploughs (7a) are arranged on the grain conductor (16) on plough (7a), described sowing frame (5) is connected with sower hitching frame (3), described plough brace summer (7) is arranged in sowing frame (5), described land wheel (6a) is located in land wheel chain stay (4), described gasoline engine (2) is located on chassis (1), characterized by further comprising the air pump (8) that is provided with air pump belt pulley (8a), be used for connecting the air compressor bracket (9) of gasoline engine (2) and air pump (8), be provided with the speed regulator (11) that the Pneumatic precision seed sowing device (10) of seeding unit sprocket wheel (10a) and both sides are respectively equipped with the first speed governing sprocket wheel (11a) and the second speed governing sprocket wheel (11b), both sides, described chassis (1) are provided with Athey wheel (21), described land axle (6) is provided with land wheel drive sprocket (6b), described Pneumatic precision seed sowing device (10) and speed regulator (11) are installed in sowing frame (5), described gasoline engine belt wheel (2a) is connected by belt (12) with air pump belt pulley (8a), described land wheel drive sprocket (6b) is connected by the first chain (13) with the first speed governing sprocket wheel (11a), described the second speed governing sprocket wheel (11b) is connected by the second chain (14) with seeding unit sprocket wheel (10a), the gas outlet of described air pump (8) is connected with the air inlet of Pneumatic precision seed sowing device (10) by tracheae (15), the other end of described grain conductor (16) is connected with kind of the mouth that goes out of Pneumatic precision seed sowing device (10).
2. pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising the hydraulic jack (17) that is located on sower hitching frame (3), two ends respectively with sower hitching frame (3) and the hinged hydraulic stem (18) of sowing frame (5), hydraulic oil pipe (19) and the connecting rod (20) that two ends are connected with hydraulic jack (17) and hydraulic stem (18) respectively, one end of described connecting rod and sower hitching frame (3) are hinged, and the other end of described connecting rod is fixedly connected with sowing frame (5).
3. pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that described plough (7a) double disk opener.
4. pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that described air pump (8) is positive and negative air-pressure air pump.
CN201420051987.5U 2014-01-27 2014-01-27 Pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder Expired - Fee Related CN203735043U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420051987.5U CN203735043U (en) 2014-01-27 2014-01-27 Pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420051987.5U CN203735043U (en) 2014-01-27 2014-01-27 Pneumatic type vegetable precision seeder

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CN203735043U true CN203735043U (en) 2014-07-30

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104322168A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-02-04 华中农业大学 Pneumatic type rice precision dry direct sowing machine capable of synchronously realizing ditch opening, fertilization and ground flattening
CN105830596A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-10 武汉黄鹤拖拉机制造有限公司 Pneumatic precision seeder
CN105850304A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-08-17 华中农业大学 Mini-type pneumatic vegetable precision seeder
CN105960902A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-09-28 河北阔海农业机械有限公司 Air-sweeping type drill seeder
CN105993834A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-10-12 南京工业职业技术学院 Automatic tree planting device
CN112514613A (en) * 2020-12-04 2021-03-19 扬州大学 Electric crawler type precision vegetable seeder with facility

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104322168A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-02-04 华中农业大学 Pneumatic type rice precision dry direct sowing machine capable of synchronously realizing ditch opening, fertilization and ground flattening
CN105850304A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-08-17 华中农业大学 Mini-type pneumatic vegetable precision seeder
CN105830596A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-10 武汉黄鹤拖拉机制造有限公司 Pneumatic precision seeder
CN105960902A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-09-28 河北阔海农业机械有限公司 Air-sweeping type drill seeder
CN105993834A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-10-12 南京工业职业技术学院 Automatic tree planting device
CN112514613A (en) * 2020-12-04 2021-03-19 扬州大学 Electric crawler type precision vegetable seeder with facility

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140730

Termination date: 20190127

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee